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INTRODUCTION

Rice (Oryza sativa) is a vital food in the Philippines. Filipinos often include rice in every meal. Philippines had been the leading exporter of rice in Southeast Asia in the late 196 !s to 19" !s. #ac$ then% representatives from different countries &ere sent to attend classes on ho& to improve rice 'uality but no&% countries li$e (ietnam and )hailand has surpassed the Philippines in terms of producing and exporting rice. *ronically spea$ing% the leading exporter before became the top rice importer today. Philippines have been experiencing rice shortage from time to time+ experts say that &e no& lac$ the ability to yield good 'uality rice plants.

,ne potential solution to help solve this crisis is the process called -.lectro culture/. )his process is &itnessed in the appearance of plants after thunderstorm and under the po&er lines. ,bservations sho& that the plants loo$ healthier under a thunderstorm because the dusts and small particles in its leaves are &ashed by the rain. )he proper reason for that is after a thunderstorm% plants ma$e use of the electric current produced by the lightning. After that% the plants &idely open its roots containing the guard cells &hich allo& the passage of electric current to increase the speed of production of their food.

*n vie& of the fact that Philippines experiences a crisis regarding rice shortage% &e thought that electro culture maybe used to solve the problem by speeding up the production of rice plants% therefore% improving the sector of agriculture of the Philippines.

Statement of the Problem )his study focused on a ne& techni'ue of rice production by applying small amount of electricity for increase rice plant cultivation in less period of time. Primarily% the science research intended at ans&ering the follo&ing 'uestions0 1. 1o different amounts of electricity have significant effect on the gro&th of rice plants and ho& does it affect these plants2 3. 4hat is the specific range of the amount of electricity that should be applied to rice plants2 5. 6o& can &e improve the cultivation and 'uality of rice plants using small amount of electricity2 7. *s the study applicable for various $inds of soil2

8. 4as this techni'ue efficient in stimulating the gro&th of rice plants2

Hypotheses 1. )here is no significant difference bet&een the heights exhibited by rice plants exposed to varying amounts of voltage. 3. )here is no significant difference bet&een the dry &eights exhibited by rice plants exposed to varying amounts of voltage. 5. )here is no significant difference bet&een the root nodulations exhibited by rice plants exposed to varying amounts of voltage. 7. *t is not applicable for all $inds of soil. 8. )he electroculture techni'ue &as not efficient in stimulating the gro&th of rice plants.

Significance of the Study *t is very important to loo$ for alternative resources of cultivating rice plants. 4ith less or no damage to the environment and consumers% the process of electro culture sho&s a possible strategy to increase rice plant production in a shorter period of time. 4ith this method% it &ill be possible to prevent the rice shortage and farmers can readily have available material to increase their crop outputs. )his study is also significant to rice consumers because they can have a good 'uality of rice &ithout &orrying in its increasing price and &ould benefit the follo&ing0 ! The Researchers! )his study &ould enhance the researchers! interest to learn and develop ne& ideas that &ould provide an opportunity for young minds to understand the different concepts and operations that is being used in the field of science. "! The School. )his study &ould give the school a name in the field of Science Reasearch after the study has proven that electroculture can fasten the gro&th of rice plants. #! The Farmers. )his study presents a ne& techni'ue of rice planting for agriculturists and farmers. )he modern method sho&ed in this science reasearch study enables us to provide easier and faster production of rice plants &ith good 'uality in a smaller period of time that can be put into commerce. $! The Readers. )his study &ould provide ideas and $no&ledge to readers regarding the research topic as &ell as the structure and format.

Scope and %imitation )his study -Rapid Rice 9,ry:a Sativa; Plant Augmentation by means of .lectroculture )echni'ue/ aimed to produce rice &ith good 'uality by using electricity in a method called .lectroculture. *n this research% the aspect loo$ed into &as the height 9cm; of the various $inds of rice. )he main independent variable that &ould be investigated is the varying voltage from the automatic voltage regulator connected to an electric source and volts from t&o batteries 9each batteries have 1.8 volts;. )his science research &as conducted to determine ho& fast rice plants can gro& using the electroculture process and to provide higher class expertise that can be relevant in agriculture% chiefly in the rice production.

R&'I&( O) R&%*T&D %IT&R*TUR&

Rice is an essential and staple food to almost all Filipinos. 4e eat rice for our every meal% for brea$fast% lunch% and dinner. 6aving rice at the table is <ust as significant to Filipinos as it is for Americans to have bread at the table.

6ere in our country &e usually prepare rice by steaming or coo$ing it in &ater. Rice can be prepared in many different methods0 frying% grinding used in stuffing and many other &ays. *t is also used by many highland tribal here in the Philippines for their different $inds of ritual. Rice &as developed in the higher areas of the Philippines. )he rice is gro&n on sculpted fields that are $no&n as terraces. )hese terraces are cut out of the mountains into flat areas that resemble steps going up the mountain. Farmers then irrigate the land &ith &ater% as rice re'uires careful and constant amounts of &ater. Special rice varieties &ere developed that &ere &ell= suited to cooler% higher elevations. (Banzon, 2003)

As of 3

6% according to the >nited ?ations Food and Agricultural ,rgani:ation% 18

million metric tons of rice is exported by the Philippines% and our country is considered one of the top exporters of rice. 6o&ever% &e still experience rice shortage at certain times. )o prevent this% a process called electro culture is being applied to improve the yield of rice.

.lectro culture is the use of electricity of small po&er to improve plant germination% gro&th% and yield. *t is a field not yet fully explored by scientists% although it is as old as the study of electricity itself. @oreover% electro culture is the study of the effects of electric fields on

plants. A small voltage of electricity% &hether directly or indirectly% can have some effects on a plant!s behavior. A glint of electricity can increase the number of nitrogen=fixing bacteria on the ground. )hese bacteria% &hich can be found in plants% speed up gro&th. )o increase its metabolism% small voltage is used to shoc$ the &hole system of the plant. (Deauna and Dorado Environmental Science for P ili!!ine "i# Sc ool Science Boo$, 200%)

)he application of electricity% magnetism% monochrome light% and sound can stimulate the gro&th of plants to a great extent. )his little=$no&n technology% called .lectro culture% can accelerate gro&th rates% increase yields% and improve crop 'uality. .lectro culture can protect plants from diseases% insects and frost. )hese methods also can reduce the re'uirements for fertili:er or pesticides. Farmers can gro& bigger and better crops in less time% &ith less effort% and at a lo&er cost.

)he several approaches to .lectroculture include0 antennas% static electricity% direct and alternating current% magnetism% radio fre'uencies% monochrome and intermittent lighting% and sound. )he energies are applied to the seeds% plants% soil or the &ater and nutrients. ( tt!&''((()cseas)niu)edu'outreac 'rice! ili!!ines) tm)

+&THODO%O,+ethod of Research )he experimental method of research &as used in this study. As defined by Aood% experimental method of research is a method or procedure involving the control or manipulation of conditions for the purpose of studying the relative effects of various treatments applied to members of a sample% or of the same treatment applied to members of different samples. *ts purpose is to discover -&hat &ill be/. *t depicts and analy:es variables in cautious conditions as a basis for inferring. Since the present study &as concerned &ith applying small amount of electricity for speedy rice gro&th% the experimental method of research is the best method to pertain.

De.ices/ +aterials and Tools 158 stal$s of rice plants 3" pots of the same si:e 6 pieces of 1.8=volt battery 11 =volt from 5 A(R each connected to an electrical source 1 meters of double &ire B $ilo of &ire 9no.1C; @eter stic$ @agnifying glass

,eneral Procedures )he researchers divided the study into four ma<or phases% and the procedures covered in the study are as follo&s0

P6AS. *0 Dollection of 1ata *ntervie& of professionals Searching and analy:ing data from boo$s and &eb

P6AS. **0 Preparation of the ?eeded @aterials

P6AS. *(0 ,bservations E Donclusions .valuation of the method in terms of effectiveness% 'uality and time span

P6AS. ***0 Actual .xperimentation )esting the techni'ue to different set=ups

)igure ! Aeneral Procedures used in the Donduct of the Study.

)igure ".)he different breeds of rice plants respectively RSD="88C3% RSD="79"8 E RSR=RD= C3.

)igure #! @aterials used for the process of .lectroculture. 9)op Feft to #ottom0 &ires% 6pieces of 1.8 volts AAA #atteries% (arious #reeds of Rice Plants; + 9)op Right to #ottom 0 >=Shaped &ires% 1 meters of 1ouble 4ire E 3" Dlay Pots;

Research Paradigm

>tili:ation of the .xpertise in Aathering 1ata and @aterials ?eeded INPUT

Actual .xperimentation E ,bservation on the 1ifferent Set=>ps PROC&SS

.ffectiveness of the .lectro culture Process in Rice Plant Dultivation @onitor the aspects 9height% dry &eight and root nodulation; OUTPUT

)igure $!)he paradigm above sho&s the phases in using and testing the rice plant &ith the use of electro culture

11 (olts .lectricity Dontrolled Set=>p 5 volts of of .lectricity

* S&T1UP2 C S&T1UP

)igure 0!)he illustration sho&n above is used to represent the set ups and the process of cultivating the rice plants.

.ach pot 9of the same si:e; contains 18 pieces of rice stal$s. )here are 5 replicates in each breed. From &hat is sho&n above% 5 voltages from batteries &ill be applied to the set=up #+ 11 voltages from A(R each connected to an electrical source &ill be applied to set=up D+ and lastly% no application of electro culture techni'ue &ill be applied on the set=up D. )he electrical device to be used by the researchers in set=up A &as constructed by coiling 13.8 cm of copper &ire in a nail affixed in a stic$ to be punctured in the soil nearest to the plant. )he t&o ends of the &ire &ere then appended at the opposite terminals of t&o 1.8 volts batteries. Apparently% in set=up D% the electrical device to be used &as an A(R device &ith 11 voltages.

SU++*R-/ CONC%USIONS *ND R&CO++&ND*TIONS

*! Summary of the )indings )his study -Rapid Rice 9,ry:a Sativa; Plant Augmentation by means of .lectroculture )echni'ue/ aimed to produce rice &ith good 'uality by using electricity in a method called .lectroculture. )he experimental method of research &as utili:ed in this study and mechanical devices such as meter stic$% camera etc. served as the instrument for collecting data. )he study &as conducted from ,ctober 3"=1ecember 11% 3 1 . )he application of electricity% magnetism% monochrome light% and sound can stimulate the gro&th of plants to a great extent. )his little=$no&n technology% called .lectro culture% can accelerate gro&th rates% increase yields% and improve crop 'uality. #ased on the analysis of data% varying plant height &as exhibited by the different breeds of rice treated &ith varying amounts of electricity. Rice plants exposed to 5 volts gre& significantly taller and greener than rice plants not exposed to electricity and to those exposed to 11 volts. 2! Conclusions .lectroculture is the use of electricity of small po&er to improve plant germination% gro&th% and yield. )he important gro&th of rice plants in height &as affected by the application of lo& voltage electricity or .lectroculture. #ased on the findings% all breeds of rice plants gre& taller &ith the application of electricity of 5 volts than the application of electricity &ith 11 volts and the controlled set=up &hich had no application of electricity. Specific range of the amount of electricity that should be applied to rice plants is 5=8 volts only.

C! Recommendations #ased on the conclusion% the follo&ing suggestions are extended0 1. Apply electricity of 5 volts in the rice plants may also improve its dry &eight. 3. Apply varying amount of volts bet&een 5 volts and 11 volts for comparison and further observations. 5. Donduct soil analysis for each clay soil sample that &ould be used. 7. 1etermine the effects of the same treatments investigated on the 'uality and 'uantity of rice grains. 8. >se a nursery instead of pots for better electric circulation.

R*PID RIC& 3Ory4a sati.a5 P%*NT *U,+&NT*TION 2- +&*NS O) &%&CTROCU%TUR& T&CHNI6U&

A 6igh School )hesis Presented to the Faculty and Staff of Honorato C! Pere4 Sr! +emorial Science High School @abini .xtension% Dabanatuan Dity

*n Partial Fulfillment of the Re'uirement ,f the Sub<ect Science Research **

7R-ST-N* T! P*%*)O8 CHRISTIN& %-9&TT& T! 'I%%*N,C* H*RO%D T! *SUNCION

D&C&+2&R/ ": :

*2STR*CT

Rice is part of every meal for Filipinos and &ith that and a gro&ing population+ there &ill come a time that lac$ of rice &ould be experienced. )hough it had been televised that there &as indeed a shortage of rice% experts claimed that there hadn!t been a shortage at all% but only hoarding and the li$e. .ither reasons% &e should be prepared for anything that might come and that is &hy production of plants such as rice should be investigated.

.lectroculture is devised by scientists to satisfy their curiosity regarding electricity and its effects on the behavior of plants. Researches sho& that this process is only significant for root crops. And this idea led to the researchers on curiosity.

)his study revealed that rice plants gre& taller and developed more root nodules &hen exposed to diminutive and direct amount of electricity than those unexposed to electricity.

*t is recommended that diminutive and direct amount of electricity be utili:ed to improve agronomic characteristics of rice plants such as plant height% dry &eight and root nodulation.