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1.1 Title: Basic of Computing Networking 1.

2 Objectives: To study the wiring standards for UTP cable according To make and test crossover Ethernet cable To design Local Area Network and configure file sharing services to share files between workstations. 1.3 Equipment: CAT 5-Cable : 1 Crimper: 1 Cutter: 1 Connector (RJ45): 2 Lap top: 2 Cable Tester: 1 1.4 Theory : Network Interface Card (NIC) A network interface card (NIC) is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network. NIC is a device that allows computers to be joined together in a local area network (LAN). NIC is also commonly referred to as an Ethernet card and network adapter and is an expansion card that enables a computer to connect to a network such as a home network or the Internet using an Ethernet cable with a RJ-45 connector.

A network interface card (NIC) allows the computer to be physically connected to the network cable. The NIC provides the physical layer connection from the computer to the network. There are many types of NIC such as a normal NIC which is installed inside systems unit by plugging it into expansion slot on the motherboard and PC Card NIC which is installed in PC Card slot in notebook and some personal digital assistant (PDA). Newer computers typically have a LAN chip on the motherboard. If your motherboard already has an onboard LAN chip, you do not have to install a new NIC. Network cable CAT5 copper cables (Category 5 cables with RJ45 connectors on both ends). Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Network protocols help your computers speak the same language so they can share data. Network protocols define the rules for communication. Most computers use TCP/IP configuration includes these two items: IP Address

The most important item is the IP address. The IP address gives each computer a unique address where it can be accessed in the network. This address has four numbers between 0 and 255, separated by periods. All computers are numbered in a series Subnet Mask

The subnet mask determines the network where the computer resides. This is especially important in larger networks. Large networks are frequently divided into several subnets. In the small network, all the computers are in the same subnet. Network Cable Introduce students to UTP cable Category 5 (Cat5) and how to wire Cat5 cable with RJ45 connector. Using this cable, student will build their own LAN.

1) CAT 5-Cable

Cat 5-Cable is high data rate for small number of devices. Network cabling that consists of four twisted pairs of copper wire terminated by RJ45 connectors. Cat-5 cabling supports frequencies up to 100 MHz and speeds up to 1000 Mbps. The Computers hooked up to LAN are connected by using Cat-5 cable.[1] 2) Crimper and Cutter

The crimper is a tool designed to crimp or connect a connector to the end of the cable. For example is to connect between the Cat5 cable and RJ-45 connectors to the end of the cable. Cutter is to cut the jacket of Cat5 Cable and coloring wire inside the cable will connect to RJ-45 connector based on T568A and T568B wiring configuration. [2]

3) Cable tester

Cable tester is to test whether the connection of crossover cable is exact or not. A network cable tester tells if the cable is capable of carrying an Ethernet signal. It also can identify if the wires are paired correctly and show if there is a break in the insulation. The tester also tells whether the cable has the proper level of resistance. 4) Connection of Crossover Cable

Figure 1: RJ pin position

Figure 2: Crossover Cable

Wiring standards for UTP cable according to EIA/TIA-568-B standards

Figure 3: T568A and T568B wiring configuration according to EIA/TIA-568-B standards.

Figure 3: T568A and T568B wiring configuration with RJ-45 Plug.

Built a simple point peer-to-peer local area network (LAN) using the crossover cable that they have wired according to the EIA/TIA standards. The two PCs or workstations will be connected directly to each other by using the crossover cable. Point to point connection is useful to establish direct link between two devices for resource sharing or testing purposes without the need for a hub. Figure 3 shows two workstations connected to each other by using crossover cable to establish a point to point network.

1.5 Procedure

1.6 Results

1.7 Discussion 1.8 Conclusion 1.9 References 1. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/Cat_5.html 2. http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/c/crimp.htm