Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

THE NECESSITY TO LOVE PROPHET MUHAMMAD

Extracted from

The Cure
SAHIH-SHEFA
by Supreme Justice A u!"#$! E%#$&
$ie$ '(()*CE - Is!#mic Ye#r +,,H-

Rep.rte$ % /r#0$ Muh#$$ith H# i H#"i1 A $u!!#h 2e0 S#$e3 Re4ise$ % Muh#$$ith A $u!!#h T#!i$i A0 #$#pt#ti.0 % Ser4#0t ." H#$ith& Sh#%3h Ahm#$ D#r5ish 'Ar# ic6h#$ei7#h A8 Stephe0s 'E09!ishA%esh# N#$ri%# 'I0$.0esi#0Copyright 1984-2011 Allah.com Muhammad.com. All rights reserved. erms o! "ervice Copyright#$% %olicy & 'uideli(es

The Necessity of Loving the Prophet Acceptance of his Advice and Advising him when Appropriate
Allah says, "If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your tribes, the property you have acquired, the merchandise you fear will not be sold, and the homes you love are dearer to you than Allah, His Messenger and the struggling for His Way, then wait until Allah shall bring His command" (9:24). This verse demonstrates encouragement, advice, proof and indication of the necessity to love Prophet uhammad . !t is also sufficient to demonstrate that this duty is of tremendous proportion. !t is an o"ligation and the right of the Prophet . #ou $ill have o"served ho$ Allah reprimands those $hose love of relatives and property are dearer to them than Allah and %is essenger . Allah concludes %is $arning $ith the threatening $ords "then wait until Allah shall bring His command." And from this it is understood that those $hose love is other than for Allah and %is essenger are astray and are not guided "y Allah. Anas tells us that one day the Prophet told his &ompanions, '(one of you $ill "elieve until ! am more "eloved to him than his children, his father and all people.' Anas also reported, 'There are three things that if someone $ere to see) refuge in them they $ould e*perience the s$eetness of "elief. They are that Allah, and %is essenger are more "eloved to him than anything else+ that he loves a person only for the sa)e of Allah, and he loathes the notion of reverting to dis"elief as much as he $ould loathe to "e cast into the ,ire.' -ne day -mar, Al .hatta"/s son $ent to the Prophet and told him, '! love you more than anything e*cept my soul $hich is "et$een my t$o sides.'
2

The Prophet replied, '(one of you $ill "elieve until ! am dearer to him than his o$n soul.' -mar immediately replied, '0y the -ne $ho sent do$n the 0oo) to you, ! love you more than my soul $hich is "et$een my t$o sides.' The Prophet replied, '-mar, you have reached it.' 1ahl $arned, '!f someone does not thin) that the essenger of Allah is his master in all matters or should thin) that he does not fall under his 2urisdiction he does not taste the s$eetness of his prophetic $ay, "ecause he said, '(one of you $ill "elieve until ! am dearer to him than himself.'

The Reward for Loving the Prophet


Anas tells us of the occasion $hen a man came to the Prophet and as)ed, '3hen $ill the 4ast %our come, - essenger of Allah5' 3hereupon the Prophet in6uired, '3hat have you prepared for it5' The man replied, '! have neither prepared an a"undance of prayer, fasting or charity for it, "ut ! love Allah and %is essenger.' The Prophet told him, '#ou $ill "e $ith the one you love.' 1af$an, 7udama/s son tells of his migration to the Prophet he said, '3hen ! migrated to the Prophet ! $ent to him and said, - essenger of Allah, give me your hand,/ and he gave me his hand, then ! said, essenger of Allah, ! love you. %e replied, /A man is $ith the one he loves./' A"u 8harr said something similar. The Prophet too) hold of the hands of his grandsons Al %asan and Al %ussain and said, '3hosoever loves me and loves these t$o, their father and mother, $ill receive the same degree as myself on the 8ay of 9esurrection.' 3e are given the good ne$s transmitted "y Anas that the Prophet '3hosoever loves me $ill "e $ith me in Paradise.' said,

The Companions and Their Followers Love of the Prophet


The narrations of the &ompanions and their follo$ers (Ta"ien and Ta"i Ta"ien) and esteemed learned persons regarding their love for the Prophet and their longing for him A"u %urayrah tells us that the essenger of Allah told his &ompanions, 'Those in my nation $hose love $ill "e the strongest are those $ho come after me. Amongst them there are some $ho $ould trade their family and

$ealth to have seen me.' -mar said to the Prophet '! love you more than myself.'

Amr, Al As/s son said, 'There is no one more "eloved to me than the essenger of Allah .: A"da, the daughter of .halid, a/dan/s son spo)e of her father saying, '.halid never $ent to "ed $ithout yearning for the essenger of Allah and his ;migrant ( uha2irun) and %elper (Ansar) &ompanions, and he $ould name each one of them. %e $ould say, /They are my root and "ranch, my heart yearns for them, ! have yearned for them for a long time, - my 4ord, hasten my return to #ou</' !saac/s son tells us that during the encounter of =hud the father, "rother and hus"and of one of the Ansari $omen $ere )illed as they fought alongside the essenger of Allah . %o$ever, despite her loss, her only concern $as for the safety of the Prophet . The lady as)ed an*iously for ne$s of the Prophet , $hereupon she $as told, /Praise "e to Allah, he is as $ell as you $ould $ish,' 1he as)ed, '1ho$ him to me so that ! may see him.' 3hen she caught sight of him, she e*claimed, '(o$ that ! )no$ you are safe, any affliction has "ecome as nothing.' The &aliph -mar $ent out one night to see that all $as $ell in the community and happened to see a lighted lamp in the house of an elderly lady $ho $as carding some $ool. As she $or)ed a$ay she said, 'The praise of the good "e upon uhammad, may the "lessed "less him< ! stand in tears "efore da$n. !f only ! )ne$ $hen death gives us different forms $hether the A"ode $ill 2oin me to my "eloved.' =pon hearing these heart>felt $ords -mar sat do$n and tears fell from his eyes. As death approached 0ilal, his $ife called out, '- sorro$.' 0ilal responded, '- $hat 2oy, ! $ill meet those ! love, uhammad and his party<' 3hen the eccans too) ?ayd, Ad>8athina/s son out of the 1acred Precincts to martyr him, A"u 1ufyan, %ar"/s son, said to him, '! as) you "y Allah, don/t you $ish that uhammad $as $ith us no$ so that he $ould "e in your place and that it $ould "e his head that $ill "e severed, and you $ere $ith your family5' ?ayd replied, '0y Allah, ! $ould not $ish that uhammad $ould "e in a place $here even a thorn $ould pric) him if that $as the
4

condition of me "eing returned to my family<' A"u 1ufyan said, '! have never seen anyone $ho loved another in the $ay the &ompanions of uhammad love uhammad<' A""as/ son tells us of the time a $oman from ecca came to the Prophet in edina. =pon her arrival the Prophet as)ed her on oath to s$ear that she had not left her home on account of her hus"and/s anger, or "ecause she $anted a change in her surroundings, and that the only reason for her leaving $as "ecause of her love of Allah and %is essenger . As the son of A@>?u"air lay martyred, -mar/s son stood over him and prayed for his forgiveness and said, '0y Allah, according to $hat ! )no$ of you, you $ere a person $ho fasted, prayed and loved Allah and %is essenger' .

The Signs of Loving the Prophet


1omeone $ho claims that heAshe loves another $ill prefer that person to all others, he $ill also prefer $hat he li)es, if it $ere other$ise then he $ould "e acting and his love $ould not "e sincere. The follo$ing signs $ill "e apparent in those $ho truly love the Prophet . A sign of love for the Prophet is that heAshe $ill follo$ his e*ample, apply his prophetic $ay in $ords, deeds, o"edience to his commands, avoidance of $hatever he prohi"ited, and adopt his manner in times of ease, hardship, $hen active or disadvantaged. Allah says, " ay !"rophet Muhammad#, $If you love Allah, follow me and Allah will love you" (B:BC). A sign is that heAshe $ill set aside his o$n desires and appetite in preference to the la$ esta"lished and encouraged "y the Prophet . Allah says, "%hose before them who had made their dwelling in the abode !&ity of Medina#, and because of their belief love those who have emigrated to them' they do not find any !envy# in their chests for what they have been given and prefer them above themselves, even though they themselves have a need" (D9:9). !f a person possesses this fine 6uality, then heAshe has perfect love for Allah and %is essenger . !f he is found to "e slightly lac)ing in this 6uality then his love is imperfect, "ut not devoid of it. The proof of this is found in the saying of the Prophet $hen a person faced punishment for im"i"ing. As the person $as a"out to receive his punishment a man cursed the offender, $hereupon the Prophet said, '8o not curse him. %e loves Allah
*

and %is

essenger.'

A sign is that one mentions the Prophet in a"undance E $hosoever loves something, it is constantly upon his tongue. #earning to meet the Prophet is another sign. ;very lover yearns to "e $ith their "eloved. 3hen the tri"e of Ash/arites approached edina, they $ere heard chanting, 'Tomorro$, $e $ill "e $ith those $e love, uhammad and his &ompanions<' Another sign is that as $ell as the remem"rance of the Prophet someone $ho loves him $ill "e found praising and respecting him $henever he is mentioned and display humility, and lo$er himself $hen he hears his name. 3e are told "y !saac At>Tu2i"i that after the passing of the Prophet $henever the &ompanions heard his name they "ecame hum"le, their s)in trem"led and they $ept. As for the other follo$ers of the Prophet some e*perienced the same out of love and yearning for him, $hereas others did so out of respect and esteem. Among the signs is the love e*pressed for the Prophet and the People of his %ouse, and his &ompanions E the ;migrants ( uha2irun) and the %elpers (Ansar) ali)e for his sa)e. A person $ith this sign $ill "e found hostile to those $ho hate them. -f Al %asan and Al %ussain, may Allah "e pleased $ith them, the Prophet said, '- Allah, ! love them, so please love them.' -f Al %asan the Prophet said, '- Allah, ! love him, so $hosoever loves him, love him.' And he also said, '3hosoever hates them, hates me.' The Prophet told Ali, '-nly a "eliever $ill love you, and only a hypocrite $ill hate you.' ! hay(h )arwish added* Hafi+ ibn Ha,ar reported the preceding hadith and said that ibn %aymia stamped himself with hypocrisy because he (new the hadith, quoted it, but went against it thereby it becomes evident that ibn %aymia hated Imam Ali. It is also recorded in Hafi+ Habib Ahmad -humari.s famous boo(s that ibn %aymia slandered Imam Ali on si/teen occasions#. -f his family, the Prophet said referring to 4ady ,atima, may Allah "e pleased $ith her, '1he is part of me, $hosoever hates her hates me.'
+

The Prophet told 4ady Ayesha regarding -sama, ?ayd/s son, '4ove him "ecause ! love him'. The Prophet spo)e of the %elpers (Ansar) saying, 'The sign of certain faith is love for the Ansar, $hereas the sign of hypocrisy is hatred of them.' The Prophet said, ',ear Allah, fear Allah. y &ompanions do not ma)e them targets after me< 3hosoever loves them loves them "ecause they love me, and $hosoever hates them it is through their hatred of me. 3hosoever harms them, harms me. 3hosoever does something to hurt me does it is as if it is hurtful to Allah. 3hosoever does something that appears to "e hurtful to Allah is a"out to "e sei@ed.' The fact is $hen someone loves another, he loves everything that person loves, and this $as indeed the case $ith the &ompanions and the Ta"ien and the Ta"i Ta"ien (the t$o generations $ho follo$ed the &ompanions) $ho applied their love to things that $ere permitted and the denied the appetites of their self. Anas sa$ the Prophet selecting a piece of pump)in, and said, ',rom that day ! loved pump)ins.' Al>%asan, the grandson of the Prophet, may the peace of Allah "e upon them, $ent $ith Fafar to 1alma and as)ed her to prepare some food the Prophet used to eat. -mar o"served the Prophet $earing a pair of yello$ colored sandals, so he too $ore a pair of the same color. Another sign is hatred of anyone $ho hates Allah and %is essenger . 1uch people are those $ho sho$ hostility to$ards to Allah and %is essenger . 0elievers having this sign avoid all $ho oppose the prophetic $ay, and are in opposition to those $ho introduce innovations into the prophetic $ay ($hich are not in accordance $ith the principals of !slam) and find the 4a$ he esta"lished "urdensome. Allah says, "0ou shall find no nation believing in Allah and the 1ast )ay loving anyone that opposes Allah and His Messenger" (DG:22). (Shaykh Darwish added: When we learn that the
Prophet practiced something, we should follow as much as we can. But, if he ordered us not to do something we should stop immediately, however, if he did

not do something there is no o ligation to refrain from its doing unless it is su !ect to a prohi ition."

The &ompanions of the Prophet $ere prepared to stand against any mem"er of their family $ho $ere in opposition to him. #et another sign is found in those $ho love the .oran "rought "y the Prophet "y $hich he and they $ere guided. 3hen as)ed a"out the Prophet 4ady Ayesha, may Allah "e pleased $ith her, said, '%is character $as that of the .oran.' Part of the love of the .oran, is listening to its recitation, acting according to it, understanding it, )eeping $ithin its "ounds, and the love of Prophet uhammad/s $ay. 1ahl, A"dullah/s son spo)e of this sign saying, 'The sign of loving Allah is love of the .oran. The sign of loving the .oran is the love of the Prophet . The sign of loving the Prophet is love of his prophetic $ay. The sign of loving the prophetic $ay is the love of the ;verlasting 4ife. The sign of loving the ;verlasting 4ife is hatred for this $orld. The sign of hatred for this $orld is that you do not amass any of it e*cept for provisions and $hat you need to arrive safely $ith in the ;verlasting 4ife.' Another sign of love for the Prophet is to have mercy on his nation "y advising them $ell, striving for the "etterment of their interest and removing anything that is harmful from them in the same $ay that the Prophet $as "gentle and merciful to the believers" (9:C2G). A sign of perfect love is found in $hosoever restricts himself through self> denial, preferring poverty to the attractions of the $orld. A man came to the Prophet and said, '- essenger of Allah, "y Allah ! love you.' The Prophet replied, '!f you love me prepare yourself for poverty a shield, "ecause poverty comes faster to he $ho loves me than a $ater spring flo$s to its end.' A"u 1ayed Al>.hudri reports a similar saying.

The reality and meaning of loving the Prophet


There are differing opinions in $hat constitutes love of Allah and %is Prophet and many things have "een said a"out it, ho$ever the reality is that each differing party refers to different states.
8

1ufyan said, and perhaps he $as thin)ing of the 3ords of Allah that say, "If you love Allah, follow me" (B:BC). '4ove consists of follo$ing the essenger of Allah .' 1cholars have said: '4ove of the essenger is to "elieve in his victory, to protect and o"ey his prophetic $ay, and "eing fearful of opposing it.' '4ove is the constant remem"rance of the "eloved.' '!t is longing for the "eloved.' '4ove is the heart that follo$s the $ill of its master, he loves $hat he loves and hates $hat he hates.' ost of these opinions indicate to the fruits of love rather than the reality of love. The reality of love is the inclination to $hat one finds agreea"le and harmonious either "y: C. the pleasure of its perfection, such as the love of "eautiful appearances, melodic tones, delicious food and tasty "everages, all of $hich one inclines naturally, "ecause they are agreea"le. 2. finding pleasure in the perfection of no"le inner 6ualities $hich is e*perienced "y the intellect as $ell as the heart, such as the love of the scholars of !slam, people $ith upright natures $hose lives and deeds are e*emplary. !t is natural for a person to incline to a passionate form of love for such things almost to the e*treme. B. a person can love something on account of finding it agreea"le to him "y reason of receiving its "enefit and "lessings. !t is a natural disposition to love $hat one finds to "e good. -nce these three approaches have "een understood, then relate these three causes to the love of the Prophet and discover that these three things inspiring love are also applica"le to him. The "eauty of his physi6ue, e*ternal appearance and his perfect character have already "een discussed so there is no necessity to mention them again. 3e have already mentioned the "enefits and "lessings the nation of Prophet uhammad receives. And $e have also mentioned the attri"utes of Allah
9

$ith $hich he $as "lessed and through $hich man)ind "enefits such as the compassion he has for his nation, his mercy to$ards us, his guidance, tenderness to$ards us and his struggle to save us from the ,ire. Allah descri"ed %is Prophet saying, "We have not sent you !"rophet Muhammad# e/cept as a mercy to all the worlds" (24:CHI), and "2 "rophet, We have sent you as a witness, a bearer of glad tidings, and to bear warning' a caller to Allah by His permission and as a light shedding lamp" (BB:4D>4J). And, "It is He who has raised among the illiterate !Arabs#, a Messenger from themselves, to recite to them His verses, to purify them and to teach them the 3oo( and the Wisdom4 (J2:2). Also, 'and guides them to a traight "ath" (D:CJ). There cannot "e any goodness $orthier or of greater importance than the goodness found in the Prophet for "elievers. There is no other favor that could "e more universally "eneficial and of greater advantage than his "lessing to all uslims "ecause Prophet uhammad is our path to guidance. %e is the one $ho rescues us from the error of our "lindness. %e is the one $ho calls us to success and honor< %e is our path to our 4ord and our intercessor. %e is the one $ho $ill spea) on our "ehalf and "ear $itness for us and "ring us, Allah $illing, to the ;verlasting 4ife $ith its happiness< !t should no$ "e clear to you dear reader that, the love of the Prophet is o"ligatory on account of the authentic 6uotations $e have "rought to you in $hich $e related the nature of his overflo$ing goodness and universal "eauty. !f a person can love a person on account of his generosity to$ards him once or t$ice during his life, or that he saves him from danger or harm even once E and "ear in mind that such are only of a temporal nature E then $hat of a person $ho gives him unending happiness and protects him for the everlasting punishment of %ell5 That person deserves greater love< A )ing is loved $hen his conduct is good and a ruler is loved $hen his conduct is upright. ;ven if a )no$ledgea"le person or a person of no"le character lives far a$ay he $ill "e loved on this account. 0ut $hen someone possess all the perfection of these 6ualities that person is more entitled to "e loved and more deserving of attachment< !mam Ali, may Allah "e pleased $ith him, descri"ed the Prophet saying, '3hosoever came across him suddenly "ecame timorous of him. 3hosoever
10

)ept company $ith him loved him.'

The Obligation to Advise the Prophet

hen Re!"ested

Allah says, "%here is no fault for the wea(, the sic(, and those lac(ing the means to spend !to stay behind#, if they are true to Allah and His Messenger" (9:9C). &ommentators say that if people are sincerely true to Allah, and %is essenger then they are sincere uslims secretly and openly. Tamim ad>8ari reported that the essenger of Allah stressed three times, 'The 9eligion is active advice.' %is &ompanions as)ed, 'To $hom, essenger of Allah5' %e replied, 'To Allah and %is 0oo), %is essenger and uslim leaders, and the ordinary man.' An imam commented that this is an o"ligation. !mam Al .hatta"i said, 'Advice is a $ord used to designate the desire for the o"2ect of $hat is good. !t is not possi"le to e*plain it $ith 2ust a single $ord capa"le of containing all its meanings.' 4inguistically, advice is "ased on sincere care. Advice is the delivery of sincere care, its "enefit is conveyed and carried from one to another as follo$s: Advice in reference to Allah and for %is 1a)e is to deliver firm "elief in %is -neness, descri"ing Allah in the $ay in $hich Allah descri"es %imself, and not to descri"e Allah $ith %is attri"utes as descri"ed in the dictionary of human "ehavior. !t is the desire for $hat Allah loves, avoidance of $hat Allah hates and sincerity in $orshipping Allah. Advice in reference to the 0oo) of Allah is to deliver "elief in it, act in accordance to it, its fine recitation, humility on account of it, and esteem for it. !t is also its understanding and see)ing 2urisprudence therein as $ell as protecting it from the misinterpretation of e*tremists and the assault of heretics. Advice in reference to the essenger of Allah is to deliver to people the affirmation of his prophethood together $ith all he "rought and o"edience to him in $hatever he commands or for"ids. A"u !"rahim !sha6 At>Tu2i"i said, 'Advice to the essenger of Allah is
11

to conform to $hat he "rought and adhere closely to his prophetic $ay through action.' 8uring the life time of the Prophet the delivery of the advice of his &ompanions $as to help him, protect him, oppose his enemies, o"ey him and spend their lives and property striving to serve him, and this is found in the 3ords of Allah, "Among the believers there are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah" (BB:2B). 40ou shall believe in Allah and His Messenger and struggle for His Way with your possessions and yourselves" (JC:CC). The delivery of advice of uslims for the sa)e of the Prophet after his death is to ensure that his esteem is maintained and to sho$ respect and great love for him. 1trive to learn from his prophetic $ay, understand his 2urisprudence, love his family and &ompanions. Avoid $hatsoever he disli)ed and hate $hatever deviates from his prophetic $ay and "eing $atchful for its occurrence. !t is to have mercy for his nation, the see)ing of )no$ledge of his character, his life and ethics, and "eing steadfast in its application. ,rom this one reali@es that the delivery of advice is one of the fruits of love of the Prophet as $ell as "eing amongst its signs. !mam A"u/l .asim Al 7ushayri said that Amr, Al 4ayth/s son, $ho $as one of the .ings of .hurasan, famous for his heroism and )no$n as As>1affar, $as seen in a vision and as)ed, '3hat has Allah done $ith you5' %e replied, '%e has forgiven me.' Amr $as then as)ed on $hat account had Allah forgiven him to $hich he replied, '-ne day ! clim"ed to the pea) of a mountain and loo)ed do$n upon my armies and its vast num"er pleased me. Then ! $ished ! could have "een $ith the essenger of Allah so that ! might have come to his assistance and helped him. !t $as "ecause of this that Allah forgave me.' To uslims the delivery of advice is to o"ey their imams $hen they order $ith truth. !t is also to help them, remind them of the truth in the "est manner, dra$ their attention to matters they overloo) and also to the affairs of uslims of $hich they are una$are. -ne should neither attac) them nor cause them trou"le, or "ring a"out dissension amongst the people, or alienate them from people.

12

Advice for the sa)e of the ordinary uslim is to deliver it for their "est interest and guide them to it. !t is to assist them in matters of their 9eligion and this $orld not only "y speech "ut through action. !t is to $arn those $ho are heedless, inform the ignorant, and give to the needy. !t is the concealment of their faults, and repelling $hat $ould harm them and "ring to them "enefit.

1)