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Childhood is the age span ranging from birth to adolescence.

According to Piaget's theory of cognitive development, childhood consists of two stages: preoperational stage and concrete operational stage. In developmental psychology, childhood is divided up into the developmental stages of toddlerhood (learning to walk), early childhood (play age), middle childhood (school age), and adolescence (puberty through post-puberty). Various childhood factors could affect a person's attitude formation.

Today, around 21,000 children died around the world Some 21,000 children die every day around the world.

That is equivalent to:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

1 child dying every 4 seconds 14 children dying every minute A 2011 Libya conflict-scale death toll every day A 2010 Haiti earthquake occurring every 10 days A 2004 Asian Tsunami occurring every 11 days An Iraq-scale death toll every 1946 days Just under 7.6 million children dying every year Some 92 million children dying between 2000 and 2010

Unfortunately, it seems that the world still does not notice. It might be reasonable to expect that death and tragedy on this scale should be prime time headlines news. Yet, these issues only surface when there are global meetings or concerts (such as the various G8 summits, the Make Poverty History campaign in 2005, etc).

Images UNICEF Furthermore, year after year, we witness that when those campaigns end and the meetings conclude, so does the mainstream media coverage. It feels as though even when there is some media attention, the ones who suffer are not the ones that compel the mainstream to report, but instead it is the movement of the celebrities and leaders of the wealthy countries that makes this issue newsworthy. Even rarer in the mainstream media is any thought that wealthy countries may be part of the problem too. The effects of international policies such as structural adjustments, the current form of globalization, and the on these processes is rarely looked at. Instead, promises and pledges from the wealthy, powerful countries, and the corruption of the poorer ones who receive apparently abundant goodwill make the headlines; the repeated broken promises, the low quality and quantity of aid, and conditions with unfair strings attached do not. Accountability of the recipient countries is often mentioned when these issues touch the mainstream. Accountability of the roles that international institutions such as the World Bank and IMF, and their funders (the wealthy/powerful countries), rarely does. The risk is that citizens of these countries get a false sense of hope creating the misleading impression that appropriate action is taken in their names. It may be harsh to say the mainstream media is one of the many causes of poverty, as such, but the point here is that their influence is enormous. Silence, as well as noise, can both have an effect.

Why is child mortality important to understand?


UNICEF summarizes the importance of child mortality: The under-five mortality rate, often known by its acronym U5MR or simply as the child mortality rate has several advantages as a barometer of child well-being in general and child health in particular. First, it measures an outcome of the development process rather than an input, such as per capita calorie availability or the number of doctors per 1,000 populationall of which are means to an end. Second, the U5MR is known to be the result of a wide variety of inputs:

the nutritional status and the health knowledge of mothers; the level of immunization and oral rehydration therapy; the availability of maternal and child health services (including prenatal care);

income and food availability in the family; the availability of safe drinking water and basic sanitation; and the overall safety of the childs environment

among other factors. Third, the U5MR is less susceptible to the fallacy of the average than, for example, per capita gross national income (GNI per capita). This is because the natural scale does not allow the children of the rich to be 1,000 times as likely to survive, even if the human-made scale does permit them to have 1,000 times as much income. In other words, it is much more difficult for a wealthy minority to affect a nations U5MR, and it therefore presents a more accurate, if far from perfect, picture of the health status of the majority of children (and of society as a whole).