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Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chapter One - The Jewish Community at Jamnia 7

1. The Destruction of the Temple 11. The Reorganization of Judaism at Jarnnia a) Rabbi J ohanan ben Zakkay
b) e) d) e) Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Rabbi Joshua ben Hananyah Raban Gamaliel The 18 Decisions

15 18

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21 22

Chapter Tow - John's Cornmunity and Gospel: the Reaction

1. John's Vocabulary 2. The J ohannine Cornmunity confronts J ewish Law . . . . . . .. 3. The J ohannine Community versus the Exegesis of the
Pharisees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

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4. The Johannine Cornmunity and the Temple. . . . . . . . . . . ..


5. John's Cornmunity and the Organization of the Church . . ..

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6. John's Cornmunity and the Problem of Ritual Purity . . . . ..


Chapter Three - John's Christian Answer to Jamnia

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l. The Bronze Serpent .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 2. The Observance of Sabbath 3. Jesus the Man . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 4. The Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5. The Phrase ~m he ares (the People of the Land) . . . . . . . .. 6. "1 AM" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 7. The Priestly Prayer and Yom Kippur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8. J esus enters J erusalem 9. The Death of Jesus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

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