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Homework 9 Monitoring: Amplifiers and Speakers Responses - Juuso 8.

8. What is the main difference between a large proportion of instrument amplifier (e.g. electric guitar amp) and a studio's pre and power amplifier? Studio pre and power amps are designed to provide the minimum amount of harmonic distortion whereas instrument amplifiers are designed to give their own distinct sound and don't control the amount of harmonic distortion.

1. The Input Mix is intended for the engineer to check the inputs are working correctly, as well as a chance to check their level to ensure they have the best signal to noise ratio possible. What is signal to noise ratio?

The signal to noise ratio is a measurement of how much of a audio signal there is in relation to the amount of noise/interference.

2. How does a monitoring and cue mix differ from each other? A cue mix is played to the musicians and isn't recorded whereas a monitoring mix is sound monitored on speakers and is for the engineer, although it can be sent to the musician as well. Often, cue mixes have processing that is present just for the instrumentalist or singer to listen to, to enhance their performance, but this is not captured as part of the monitoring mix. (An engineer might add reverb to a singers cue mix, but this reverb is just to aid the performance and is not recorded.)

3. A cue mix requires what sort of channel at times, and why? State what type of channel this is and how it might be used. A cue mix requires an auxilarly channel this is to enable all the tracks to be processed at the same time (i.e. reverb) Not quite An auxiliary send channel, so that different amounts of processing can be sent to different performers at their request e.g. to send a vocal reverb to the singer and not to the drummer. This is normally only executed when instrumentalists and singers are recording together live at the same time.

4. What does an amplifier do and what sort of energy is required (powered by the amplifier) to drive a speaker cone?

5. The movement and process of a speaker cone, which audibly reproduces a low level signal so that we can hear it, is the same as what in reverse?

6. Amplifiers change the type of current as listed below (choose the correct answer):

7. If the answer to question 6 is the first job carried out by an amplifier (i.e. power source), what is the second job that a power source does?

9. State two main differences between valve and transistor amplifiers.

10. Briefly describe (in your own words) how a 11. What speaker is a works. woofer?

12. What is a tweeter?

13. What is the other type of speaker driver / cone?

14. What is the main purpose of a crossover?

15. What does a speaker port do?

An amplifier takes a low level signal, i.e. electric guitar, and then bring it up to a level loud enough to drive loudspeakers. This is done with the use of electromagnetic energy.

microphones? The movement of a microphone diaphragm or ribbon

Alternating Current (AC) to Direct Current (DC)

it makes sure the current is even and uninterrupted

Valve amps use vacuum tubes to power the amp whereas transistor amps rely purely on circuitry. Valve amps have also been preferred by most musicians due to their warm sound in comparison to Im taking this the 'angular' question out of transistor the research amps. task because Ive decided I The other thing dont think the I was looking revision guide for Juuso was is 100% right! that vale amps Well talk about are considered this in class to be warmer.

The speaker moves back and forth recreating the waves being played which then creates changes in the air pressure which human ears can detect.

A speaker port is designed to increase the bass response of an amp by creating a hole in either the back or front. Yes, and it does this by allowing the sound produced from the back of the speaker to be channelled to the front of the speaker enclosure, via the port

the largest speaker, designed for low end

smaller size, designed for higher frequencies

midrange, which is designed for middle frequencies, this is less common than a tweeter or woofer.

it seperates the respective frequencies into frequency bands.

12 valid points good work again Juuso. See my other Homework 9 comments if you havent already done so.