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1.

2x2 +7x +6 = (x + 2)(2x + 3)

M1 A1

3x 2
7(3 + 2 x)

( 2 + x)(3 + 2 x)
3x 5

7
3
= ( 2 + x) x
some correct algebraic cancelling
4

M1 A1
[4]

2.

x2 9 = (x 3)(x + 3) seen

B1

Attempt at forming single fraction


2 x 2 + 10 x + 12
x ( x 3) + ( x + 12)( x + 1)
( x + 1)( x + 3)( x 3) ; = ( x + 1)( x + 3)( x 3)
2( x + 2)( x + 3)
(
x
+ 1)( x + 3)( x 3)
Factorising numerator =
2( x + 2)
or equivalent = ( x + 1)( x 3)

M1; A1

M1 M1 A1
[6]

3.

(a)

(b)

2
13
+
x 3 ( x 3)( x + 7)
2( x + 7) + 13
2 x + 27
=
= ( x 3)( x + 7) ( x 3)( x + 7)
2x + 27 = x2 + 4x 21
x2 + 2x 48 = (x + 8)(x 6) = 0
x = 8, 6

M1
M1 A1

M1
M1 A1

3
[6]

Holland Park School

4.

(a)

( x 3)( x + 2) ( x + 2)
2
;=
or 1 +
x( x 3)
x
x

B1,B1,B1

B1 numerator, B1 denominator ;
B1 either form of answer
(b)

( x + 2)
= x +1 x2 = 2
x

M1 A1ft

M1 for equating f(x) to x + 1 and forming quadratic.


A1 candidates correct quadratic
x= 2

A1

3
[6]

5.

(a)

(3 x 2) ( x 1) 3 x + 2
,
( x + 1)( x 1)
x +1

M1B1, A1

M1 attempt to factorise numerator, usual rules


B1 factorising denominator seen anywhere in (a),
A1 given answer
If factorisation of denom. not seen, correct answer implies B1
(b)

Expressing over common denominator

3x + 2
x (3 x + 2) 1
1

=
x +1
x ( x + 1)
x ( x + 1)

M1

(3x 2 x 2) x ( x 1)

[Or Otherwise:

x ( x 2 1)

Multiplying out numerator and attempt to factorise

M1

[3x2 + 2x 1 (3x 1)(x + 1)]

3x 1
x

Al

3
[6

Holland Park School

6.

x(2 x + 3)
6

(2 x + 3)( x 2) ( x 2)( x + 1)

B1, B1

x( x 1) 6
(
x
2)( x + 1)
=

M1 A1ft

( x + 3)( x 2)
= ( x 2)( x + 1)

M1 A1

x+3
= x +1

A1

Alternative 1:
2 x 2 + 3x
6
(2 x + 3)( x 2) ( x 2)( x + 1)

B1

(2 x 2 + 3x)( x + 1) 6(2 x + 3)
(2 x + 3)( x 2)( x + 1)
=

M1 A1ft

(2 x 3 + 5 x 2 9 x 18)
= (2 x + 3)( x 2)( x + 1)

A1

( x 2)(2 x 2 + 9 x + 9)
= (2 x + 3)( x 2)( x + 1)

M1

( x 2)(2 x + 3)( x + 3)
,= x + 3
(
2
x
+
3
)(
x

2
)(
x
+
1
)
x +1
=

Holland Park School

A1, A1

Alternative 2:

2 x 2 + 3x
6
(2 x + 3)( x 2) ( x 2 x 2)
x( 2 x + 3 x)
2 6
(
2
x
+
3
)(
x

2
)
x x2
=

B1

x ( x 2 x 2) 6( x 2 )
x 3 x 2 2 x 6 x + 12
,
=
2
( x 2)( x 2 x 2)
= ( x 2)( x x 2)

M1 A1ft

x 3 x 2 8 x + 12
2
= ( x 2)( x x 2)

A1

( x 2)( x 2 + x 6)
2
= ( x 2)( x x 2)

M1

( x + 3)( x 2)
,= x + 3
(
x

2
)(
x
+
1
)
x +1
=

A1, A1
[7]

( x + 2) 2 ,3( x + 2) + 3
7.

(a)

( x + 2) 2
f(x) =
x 2 + 4 x + 4 3x 6 + 3 x 2 + x + 1
=
=
*
( x + 2) 2
( x + 2) 2

M1A1, A1
cso

A1

M1A1, A1

(b)

1
3

x+ + ,> 0
2
4
x2 +x + 1 =
for all values of x.

Alternative
d 2
1
3
( x + x + 1) = 2 x + 1 = 0 x = x 2 + x + 1 =
dx
2
4

M1A1

A parabola with positive coefficient of x has a minimum


x2 + x +1 > 0
Accept equivalent arguments

Holland Park School

A1

(c)

1
3

x+ +
2
4

2
f(x) = ( x + 2)
Numerator is positive from (b)
x 2 (x + 2)2 > 0 (Denominator is positive)
Hence f(x) > 0

B1

1
[8]

8.
x2 1

2x4
2x4

-1
2x2
2
3x + x +1
- 2x2
x2 + x +1
x2
+1
x

a = 2 stated or implied
c = 1 stated or implied
2x 2 1 +

M1
A1
A1

x
2

x 1
a = 2, b = 0, c = 1, d = 1, e = 0
d = 1 and b = 0, e = 0 stated or implied

A1
[4]

Holland Park School