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Name (no name, no credit!): Bradley j.

nartowt

Meeting time (circle one): all of them! Quiz #9 gravitation

Problem: Point masses are distributed as seen
below. Mass A has a mass of m, mass B has a mass
of 2m, and mass C has a mass of 8m. A fourth mass
D (not pictured) of mass 10m is placed at (x,y)
coordinates (-3d, -4d). Newtons gravitational
constant is G.

Question 1 (2 point): Compute the gravitational potential energy of mass D in terms of m, d, G, and necessary
constants.
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
1 10 2 10 8 10
( 3) ( 4) ( 3) ( 5) ( 1.5) ( 4)
20 80
2 24.2
34 18.25
C D A D B D
AD BD CD
AD BD CD
Gm m Gm m Gm m
U U U U
r r r
Gm
d
Gm Gm
U
d d
= + + = + +
| |

| = + +
|
+ + +
\ .
| |
= + + ~
|
\ .


Question 2 (1.5 points): If masses B, C, and D are fixed in place and mass A is released from rest, what is the
x-component of acceleration experienced by A? Answer in terms of m, d, G, and necessary constants.
( )
2 2
1 4
3
, ,
2
2 2 2
tan
2 2 2

cos sin ( cos sin )
(1.5 )
[ ( 3 ) ( 4 ) ]
8( 1 0 0) 10 cos 8 2
co
(1.5) 25 2.25 5
A C A D
AC AD
d
d
m m m m
AC AD
r r x x AC x AD
x
A A A
D C
x
G r x G r x
F F F
a
m m m
m x y x m x y x
G
d
d d
Gm Gm
a
d d
u t
u u t t
u

= +
- + -
+
= = =
| |
+ - + -
| = +
|
+
\ .
| | +
= + = +
|
\ .

1
4
s tan
3

| |
|
\ .


Question 3 (1.5 points): If masses B, C, and D are fixed in place and mass A is released from rest, what is the
y-component of acceleration experienced by A? Answer in terms of m, d, G, and necessary constants.
2 2
1 4
3
, ,
tan
1
2 2 2 2 2 2

2 10 2 2 4
( cos sin ) sin 2(0 0 1 1) sin 2 sin tan ;
25 5 5 3
A B A D
AB AD
d
d
m m m m
AB AD
r r y y AB y AD
y
A A A
G r y G r y
F F F
a
m m m
m m Gm Gm
G x y y
d d d d
u t
t t
u u

= +

- + -
+
= = =
| | | | | |
= + - + = + + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .



Bonus (+0.50 points): Compute the gravitational potential energy of the whole system of masses A, B, C, and D
in the original Problem. Hint: there are 3 + 2 + 1 = 6 terms to consider, which is the solution to the problem
if four (4) people all shook hands with each other, and nobody shakes each others hand twice, what is the
total number of handshakes?. Half of this problem was already done in Question 1:
1 1
;
question AB AC BC question bonus
U U U U U U U

= + + + +

So the question really becomes compute
bonus
U , which is pretty much a repeat of question-1. BOR-ING!
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
1 2 1 8 2 8
0 1 ( 1.5) 0 ( 1.5) 1
8 16
2 16.2
1.5 3.25
A C B C A B
bonus
AB AC BC
Gm m Gm m Gm m Gm
U
r r r d
Gm Gm
d d
| |

| = + + = + +
|
+ + +
\ .
| |
= + + ~
|
\ .


Adding the above, and the answer from part 1,
2 2 2
24.2 16.2 40.4
bonus
Gm Gm Gm
U
d d d
= + =