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Vocabulaire DELF B1

La sant manger raisonnablement faire attention la ligne suivre un rgime tre bon/mauvais pour la sant tre sain/malsain : healthy fumer beaucoup fumer trop la fume le fumeur mettre en danger la sant les antibiotiques La pollution la pollution de l'environnement polluer l'air / l'eau la mare noire: black tide la protection de la nature protger l'environnement l'effet (m) de serre: greenhouse effect

les gaz d'chappement: exhausted fumes le rchauffement de la plan te: global warming avoir un abonnement cologique la centrale nuclaire: nuclear power station l'nergie nuclaire !iers "onde: Third World aider les pa#s du !iers "onde la famine la scheresse: drought $ls n'ont pas assez manger% envo#er de l'aide soutenir les pa#s pauvres: support souffrir de: suffer from La communication le (tlphone) mobile envo#er/recevoir des te&tos une fois par 'our dpenser beaucoup d'argent revenir cherL cost a lot tre isol de tre en contact avec tre abonn
tre abonn un journal to subscribe to a paper, to have a subscription to a paper tre abonn au tlphone to be on the phone, to have a phone (humorous) tre abonn Il est abonn aux records. He has a habit of breaking records. Il est abonn aux accidents. He's very accident prone.

surfer sur internet tre connect les rseaux sociaux: social networks

(se) procurer qc: procurer qch qn [+ travail] to get sth for sb, to obtain sth
for sb

le march un oprateur: (= compagnie de tlphone !de tlcoms, tlphonie" La dlinquance: crime la dlinquance 'uvnile les adolescents augmenter une augmentation baisser / diminuer une baisse / une diminution rduire la rduction prendre des mesures contre menacer la menace le ch(mage tre au ch(mage se sentir en scurit le dlit: offence La protection des donnes: data protger sa personnalit surveiller qn% la surveillance la camra de surveillance l'intimit: pri#acy, intimacy La famille les probl mes familiau& culpabiliser:
(= se sentir coupable to feel guilty faire culpabiliser qn to make sb feel guilty culpabiliser qn to make sb feel guilty

duquer

une ducation former la formation se disputer la dispute le conflit un chec: failure L'alcoolisme boire de l'alcool la boisson alcoolique consommer de l'alcool la consommation la dpendance tre dpendant surmonter des probl mes: o#ercome prendre des mesures de prvention tre ivre: drunk une ivresse renoncer qc: gi#e sth up

Prparation au DELF B1: Expression crit ll


il se peut que ) sub'% it may be that, it might be that, it$s possible that *n deu&i me lieu: deuxi%mement *n conclusion *n definitive: e#entually, in the end il est ncessaire de ) inf% +o#ons donc maintenant ,i&i mement 'e pense que il faut que ) sub'% il est vrai que -on seulement%%% mais encore certains pensent que .e plus il est possible que ) sub'% +enons/en prsent 'e suis convaincu que *nfin *&aminons alors -ous pouvons passer maintenant notre dernier point% *nsuite 'e suis certain que *n dernier lieu 0pr s 'e suis s1r que 2ommen3ons par 'e ne pense pas que ) sub'% 'e ne suis pas s1r que ) sub'% 0 mon avis il faut ) inf% .'abord notons ce su'et que venons/en prsent vo#ons donc maintenant e&aminons alors -ous pouvons passer maintenant notre dernier point%

dbarrasser de& clear, get rid of la crature extraterrestre: extraterrestrial la synthse synthesis
faire la synth%se de to synthesi'e de synth%se (chemistry synthetic

la tmoignage le carrefour perscuter persecute glisser glide peu peu little by little la folie (= tat madness, insanity
(= acte) folly faire une folie to be extravagant faire des folies (en dpenses) to be extravagant le rdacteur(trice) [de journal, magazine, ouvrages de rfrence] editor

assassiner le brave cambrioler la trou#aille (= objet find


(= ide brainwa#e

la proccupation le sens en revanche encombrer encombrer le passage to block the way, to obstruct the way les debris fragment la fuse (spatiale, militaire rocket retomber contenir radioactif(ve) ramasser: pic4 up5 collect le bonheur estival adjective
summer modifier station esti#ale holiday resort, summer holiday resort

hivernal se drouler (= avoir lieu to take place


(= se passer to go

la rputation devait ) inf mettre fin to put an end to prmaturment prematurely

ouvrir la porte remplacer convoiter co#et la 6alme d'or rcompenser reward pour la premi re fois l'cran soup3onner suspect la proclamation le documentaire la tempte figurer venir l'issue de at the conclusion of dans le conte&te actuel Dans le contexte de in the context of le remaniement reorgani'ation ministriel(e) tonner la vente en ligne la socit affirmer titre d'e&emple as an example, by way of an example l'appareil photo numrique insignificant(e) le dlai (= attente wait la livraison atteindre particuli rement la marionette puppet l'honneur le cirque circus consulter le sac plastique

DELF A1 Production Ecrite: Guide to Writing a Po tcard in !rench about "our vacation
(1) Guide to writing a letter or a message declining an invitation (2) Guide to filling out a form in French In the roduction !crite section of your "!#F $1 exam, you will have to do an exercise which consists of writing a message consisting of %& to '& words( It can be about) *es+onding to an invitation Giving an invitation ,elling someone about your vacation "escribing your new life in a new +lace ,his message can be in the form of a +ostcard, letter or an email( ,his article +rovides a ste+ by ste+ guide on how to write a +ostcard telling someone about your vacation(

Ho! to plan your postcard

It is +ossible to +lan and +ractice various res+onse to the +ossible exercises before the date of your exam( In general, when you are writing a +ostcard there are certain information you may include, such as) Greetings -here you are /ow you went (montagne, +lage, cam+agne, ville0) -hen 1 with whom you went -here or with whom are you staying2 (3 l4h5tel, che6 l4habitant, dans un cam+ing, dans un g7te0) 8( -hat you saw or visit1did or are doing, etc 9( $re you en:oying yourself2 ;( -hat is the weather and or the +lace li<e =( -hen are you coming bac<2 1&( Farewells 11( >ign your name -hile it is not necessary to +rovide all of the above information, It is im+ortant to note that "!#F exam instructions, sometimes select from the list above and s+ecifically as< you to include such information( $s a result, it is im+ortant to +ractice different res+onse which will include different combination of the suggestions above( ,he ones highlighted in red are the basics and should almost always be included in your +ostcard( 1( 2( .( %( '(

"riting your postcard


It is im+ortant to use as much as +ossible the grammar and vocabulary that you are re?uired to have at this level( $s a result, use more than one tense, give your o+inion and even ma<e a recommendation if there is s+ace(

#a$ple %xercise&
(xercise ) )* points @ous Ates en vacances 3 Bice( @ous envoye6 une +etite carte +ostale a un ami 3 aris( @ous lui +arle6 de tem+s, de vous activitCs et vous lui donne6 votre date de retour( (%& 3 '& mots)(

#a$ple 'esponse&
Don:our Eean, Ee suis en vacances 3 Bice +our cin? :ours( F4est une ville trGs sym+a( /ier, :4ai :ouC au volley sur la +lage(Super! Haintenant, :e +rends le dC:euner dans un +etit cafC( Il fait trGs beau, avec beaucou+ de soleil( Ee rentrerai che6Imoi samedi +rochain( Dises Eanet (Word count = 49) +ample (xercise for ,ou>alutJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ,

Ee suis en vacances 3 JJJJJJJJJJJJJ +our JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ( F4est une ville trGs JJJJJJJJJJJJJJ( :e visiteJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ( c4estJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ( Il faitJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ ( Ee rentrerai che6Imoi JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ( $ bient5t JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ (#aluation& Greetings ) Bonjour Jean ( We could also use: Salut Jean C er Jean! " #se C $re! onl% if it is a female) 2( -here you are and for how long) Je suis en &acances ' (ice pour cin) jours .( -hat you did or are doing) *ier+ j,ai jou au &olle% sur la pla-e" .aintenant+ je prends le djeuner dans un petit caf" %( $re you en:oying yourself2 Super! '( -hat is the weather and or the +lace li<e) /l fait tr$s 0eau+ a&ec 0eaucoup de soleil" 8( -hen are you coming bac<2) Je rentrerai c e12moi samedi proc ain" 9( Farewells) Bises ( We could also use: 3 0ient4t! or a samedi!! or a la semaine proc aine !! or au re&oir!) ;( >ign your name) Janet ,here is agreement of ad:ective and verb) un petit caf" lus I have used three tenses) #e +rCsent) je prends+ /l fait, le +assC com+osC) j,ai jou le futur) Je rentrerai( I have included the s+ecific information that they had as<ed for( I have also stayed within the word limit( Warning*emember to stic< to the word limit and follow the instructions that are given( If they want you to +rovide any s+ecific information such as when you are coming bac<, the weather, what you visited etc this must be included in your +ostcard( Kou will lose +oints if this is not done( 1(

(heck for %rrors


*emember to read carefully through your text( Fhec< to ensure that +lural words have a +lural ending( Ha<e sure that there is agreement between ad:ectives and the nouns they describe (such as une 0elle -lise, un 0eau c ateau)( Fhec< all to ensure that all verbs are in the right tense and that the endings match the sub:ect (such as Je &ais for the +resent but Je suis all for the +ast)( Fhec< to ma<e sure you have followed the instructions and fully used all the structures that you have learnt during your study(

Guide to Writing an invitation in !rench


n the roduction ecrite section of "!#F $1 and "!#F $2 you may be as<ed to write an invitation to someone for a +articular event( In this article we will be loo<ing at how to write a message or email inviting someone in french( In general for your french exam an invitation is usually for, however not limited to, )

$ wedding dinner vacation to see a movie $ Fhristmas +arty an office +arty a +arty to celebrate an engagement a retirement +arty a +arty to celebrate the end of studies a baby shower or the birth of a baby a birthday +arty

(nsure that you are familiar with the #ocabulary related to these e#ents. In the "!#F $1 Kou will be as<ed to write %&I'& words( -hile in the "!#F $2 you will be as<ed to write 8&I;& words( -hen as<ed to write a letter or a message inviting someone, no matter the ty+e, the structure is usually the same( /ere are some basic ste+s to follow when writing an invitation) /efore you start *ead the instruction and ma<e sure it is a letter re?uesting that you write an invitation "etermine to what you need to invite someone -ho you should be inviting "etermine if you should be writing a friendly invitation or a +rofessional invitation

When you are writing& Lse the right o+ening greetings, de+ending on the ty+e of invitation >ay what the invitation is for >ay when and where the event will ta<e +lace Give them a means to confirm or refuse the invitation #et them <now you are loo<ing forward to seeing them at the event Lse the correct closing for your message

0or the greeting for a professional letter use& Fher Honsieur 000000000(, FhGre Hadam0000000000((, 0or the greeting for a friendly letter use& Fher0000000(, FhGre0000000(, >alut00000000((, Don:our0000000((,

1se the following expressions to start your in#itation& Ee vous invite 000000( (au restaurant)( Ee vous invite0000000(a diner a la maison)( @ous voule6 aller diner au restaurant2 Ee vous invite(

(xample of an in#itation& Context french: @ous organise6 un vin d4honneur +our votre mariage et vous voule6 inviter vos collGgues et amis( Context english: Kou organi6e a rece+tion for your wedding and you want to invite your friends and colleagues(

+ample message& Fher Eean, Fa va bien2 our notre mariage, >andrine et moi organisons un vin d4honneur 3 @ersailles( Bous es+Crons ?ue tu seras des n5tres +our fAter avec nous notre bonheur( *>@ au ) &8 ;9 %' 89 &&( $mitiCs( Hatthew (-ord Fount) %2 words)

T23- If you notice, based on the instruction that was given, I reused almost all the words that was gi#en( I do not try to find words( ,his is extremely useful when you have limited vocabulary(

4ow it is your turn&

Fher1FhGreJJJJJJJJ !use the first name if it is someone that you are familiar with or the last name if is someone you do not know #ery well ", our notre mariage, nous organisons un vin d4honneur1 un coc<tail 31dans JJJJJJJJ !precise the place where it will be held "( Bous es+Crons ?ue vous1tu seras des n5tres +our fAter avec nous notre bonheur( *>@ au ) JJJJJJJJ ! ,ou can write here your postal address, your telephone number or your email address"( $mitiCs( JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ

Guide to #riting a $e age or letter in French declining an %nvitation


0or the greeting for a professional letter use& Fher Honsieur 000000000(, FhGre Hadam0000000000((, 0or the greeting for a friendly letter use& Fher0000000(, FhGre0000000(, >alut00000000((, Don:our0000000((, To say you are sorry you can use the following expressions& Ee suis vraiment dCsolC(e), mais Ee regrette, mais "Csole(e), mais Herci, mais These are usually followed by expressions such as& Ee suis +ris (e) Ee ne suis +as libre

Ee ne +eux +as Ee me vois malheureusement obligC de refuser( E4ai ?uel?ue chose de +rCvu( E4ai du travail Fe n4est +as +ossible e(g( Ee suis vraiment dCsolC(e), mais Ee ne suis +as libre( To close a professional letter& Fordialement( Dien cordialement( Fordialement v5tre( >incGrement( Dien sincGrement( >incGrement v5tre( >incGres salutations( $mitiCs( $micalement( To close a friendly letter& $mitiCs( $micalement Dien a toi Dien a vous Dises Disous Ee t4embrasse

#a$ple letter declining an invitation in french


>alut $lex, Herci de ton invitation ?ue :e viens de recevoir( Ee +ars en vacances 3 Bice la semaine +rochain et malheureusement :e serai absent le 2' $out( Ee le regrette beaucou+ car :4aurais aime fAter tes .2 ans avec toi( Ee +enserai 3 toi ce :our( ,on ami, Eames

Guide to Writing a $e age accepting an invitation


0or the greeting for a friendly letter use&

Fher0000000(, FhGre0000000(, >alut00000000((, Don:our0000000((, To show that you are accepting an in#itation you can use the following expressions& 2nformal Mui, avec +laisirN F4est sym+a = c4est sym+athi?ue F4est un bonne idee our?uoi +as2E4acce+te avec +laisir( Ee viendrai avec +laisir( formal volontiers( Fela me ferait grand +laisir( To close a professional letter& Fordialement( Dien cordialement( Fordialement v5tre( >incGrement( Dien sincGrement( >incGrement v5tre( >incGres salutations( $mitiCs( $micalement( To close a friendly letter& $mitiCs( $micalement Dien a toi Dien a vous Dises Disous Ee t4embrasse 5ontext of in#itation in french& @ous receve6 une carte d4invitation au vin d4honneur +our le mariage de votre collGgue et vous voule6 acce+ter cette invitation(

+ample response in french& Fher Hatthew, E4ai bien reOu votre invitation et :e vous en remercie( Ee suis trGs sincGrement ravi(e) +our vous deux( Il va donc de soi ?ue :4acce+te avec +laisir de me :oindre 3 vous +our la rCce+tion ?ue vous donnere6 3 cette occasion( P trGs bient5t, et surtout fClicitations +our cet engagement( $micalement, Eean