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Edo Japan Exam: Wednesday, April 24

Multiple Choice: Read each question carefully and record the best answer on the answer sheet provided. 1. A society which does not want to be influenced by other societies with different worldviews than their own may choose to do which of the following? a) Merge with another society so it can have more complete control over its ideas and practices. b) Isolate itself to prevent contact with the beliefs, ideas and practices of other nations. c) Dismantle its military since there is no desire for any sort of contact or involvement with outside societies or nations. d) Adopt democracy and allow the people to make all major decisions about how the country operates and is run.

"During the Edo Period, Japanese society operated under a _____________ system based on ownership of ________________."

2. The words which make the above statement true are: a) Shogun; gold b) Maritime; boats c) Western; property and capital d) Feudal; land

3. The Tokugawa Shogunate in power through Japan's Edo period banned most foreign traders and expelled all Christian missionaries and foreigners in Japan. The Shogunate felt these actions were necessary to do which of the following? a) To eliminate possible threats to its power and protect the Japanese culture from foreign influence. b) To prevent Japan's natural resources from being depleted by so many foreigners settling in Japan. c) To prevent the Japanese race from being racially contaminated by Europeans, who the Japanese saw as an inferior and primitive culture. d) To prevent conflict with European nations who were upset that they were losing so many talented merchants and missionaries to Japan.

4. The worldview of the Japanese includes the image that they are one great, unified family with common values and beliefs, a similar nature and culture. This worldview developed and was reinforced by which of the following conditions? a) The physical geography of Japan which isolated the Japanese from other countries and cultures. The geography of Japan also leaves only small regions suitable for human settlement, leading to high population densities in these areas and the development of a distinct common culture. b) An open society during the Edo Period. During this time, foreigners, their food, and ideas were of great interest to the Japanese people. The Japanese culture adopted different cultural traditions which they thought would enhance life in Japan. c) A period of warfare. The 17th and 18th centuries saw Japan involved in many violent conflicts which required the Japanese people to put their differences aside, unite as one, and focus on defeating foreign aggressors. d) A policy of 'Sakoku' during the 'Meiji Period': Sakoku (or 'locked up country') was a policy of banning foreign trade, travel and tourism. This culturally isolated the Japanese and led to them becoming a unified, 'homogeneous' society.

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

All Christian missionaries and foreign traders must leave Japan. No newcomers may enter Japan. Japanese citizens may not leave Japan. Japanese travelling or living outside Japan may not return to Japan. Large ships that can make long voyages may not be built and any existing ships will be destroyed. 6) Foreign objects are banned, including Christian and scientific books. 5. The laws listed above are best described as: a) The strict rules which governed the behaviour of each social class during the Edo Period of Japan. b) The laws under the National Seclusion Policy enacted by the Tokugawa Iemitsu in 1635 during the Edo Period of Japan. c) The job description of the ronin the samurai without masters who had no shogun or daimyo to serve and were placed in charge of serving the needs of all Japanese society. d) Japan's foreign relations policy after 1868. 6. During the Edo Japan Period, the daimyo was a) A feudal lord of a region of Japan b) The hereditary ruler of Japan c) The leader of the military government of Japan d) A Japanese measurement equal to approximately 175 liters of rice

7. During the Edo Japan Period, the shogun was a) A feudal lord of a region of Japan b) The hereditary ruler of Japan c) The leader of the military government of Japan d) A Japanese measurement equal to approximately 175 liters of rice 8. The term Koku refers to which of the following: a) A feudal lord of a region of Japan b) The hereditary ruler of Japan c) The leader of the military government of Japan d) A Japanese measurement equal to approximately 175 liters of rice 9. Which of the following best describes what a societal worldview is? a) A collection of things you like and dislike b) A collection of beliefs through which the world is viewed and interpreted by an identifiable group of people. c) The belief that certain groups in society are more important or worthy than others and therefore deserve special rights. d) The belief that all humans, as inhabitants of the Earth, have the same basic needs and deserve the same rights and freedoms. 10. Japans economy expanded as urban and rural areas intertwined during Edo Japan. Japans urban centers greatly expanded because of all of the reasons below except a) A network of roads were developed connecting the cities in order to transport the Daimyo to and from Edo Japan, making it easier for people to travel to the cities. b) Artisans and Merchants provided services along the highways and in the cities to the upper classes, thereby moving them into the cities. c) Large cities such as Edo, Kyoto, and Osaka expanded because of the production of goods and services. d) The farmers, merchants, artisans, and samurai were invited to move closer to the castles built by the daimyo in each domain.
Mei-Ling and Allison are both in Grade 8, 12 years old and have brown eyes and black hair. Both have a younger brother, both are on the honour role at school and both say that their favorite hobby is singing in their school choir. They also similarly think that they would like to study to be doctors when they grow up. Mei-Ling lives in Beijing, China and Allison lives in Grande Prairie, Alberta, Canada.

11. Is it likely that Mei-Ling and Allison share the same worldview? a) Yes since they have so much in common, their worldviews would also be very similar. b) Yes because they are both girls of the same age they would have the same worldview. c) No because communist countries like China do not have, or allow their citizens to have, a worldview. d) No because they live in different countries, in different societies and cultures.
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12. In order to eliminate possible threats to the power of the Tokugawa Shogunate and to protect the Japanese culture from foreign threat or influence, the Tokugawa Shogunate adopted a policy of: a) 'Sakoku' meaning 'lock up of country' which prevented foreigners from entering Japan, and the Japanese from leaving Japan. b) 'Filial piety' meaning 'faithfulness and devotion to one's parents'. This required the Japanese to honour their parents and keep their cultural traditions alive. c) 'Haiku' a form of poetry in which the Japanese could express and honour the beauty of Japan. d) 'Manifest Destiny' the belief that Japan had both a duty and a mission to keep their country and culture strong and spread their values and beliefs to other nations. 13. Which of the following is not a reason why Japan decided to isolate itself during the Edo Period: a) Tokugawa Ieyasu did not want Japanese people exposed to western influences b) Roman Catholic Missionaries were entering Japan on trading ships and Tokugawa Ieyasu wanted to stop the spread of Christianity c) Tokugawa Ieyasu believed that Japans economy could benefit from being independent did not need any assistance through foreign trade. d) Confucian beliefs and values: Japanese people believed in the relationship between human beings rather than the idea that God is a higher supernatural being. 14. During the Edo period of Japan, the __________ is a centralized government like the Canadian Federal government, while the ____________ is the local government in each domain, like the Canadian provincial governments. a) Han, Bakufu b) Edict, Bakufu c) Han, Edict d) Bakufu, Han 15. If a country was trying to use the EDO model for development it would use the following: a) Strong centralized government and increased trade with other countries b) Strong centralized government and very restricted trade with other countries. c) Strong regionalized government and very restricted trade with other countries. d) Strong regionalized government and increased trade with other countries.

Use the following diagram to answer questions 16, 17, and 18.

Shogun A Farmers B C Outcasts D


16. Which of the following correctly completes the A level of the diagram? a) Non-humans b) Daimyo c) Samurai d) Artisans 17. Which of the following correctly completes the B level of the diagram: a) Artisans b) Samurai c) Merchants d) Non-Humans 18. Which of the following correctly completes D level of the diagram: a) Artisans b) Samurai c) Merchants d) Non-Humans

Use the following diagram to answer Question 19.

Culture Worldview: Values and Beliefs

Political and Economic Systems

19. Which of the following correctly completes the diagram: a) Geography b) Ideas and Knowledge c) Contact with other groups d) Social Systems

Use the following diagram to answer Question 20:

? Worldview: Values and Beliefs

Ideas and Knowledge

Contact with other Groups

20. Which of the following correctly completes the diagram: a) Geography b) Political and Economic Systems c) Culture d) Social Systems