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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

SEATTLE DISTRICT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS P.O. BOX 3755 SEATTLE, WASHINGTON 98124-3755

Regulatory Branch

DEm. OF ARCHAEOLOGY & HISTORIC PRESERVATION

Allyson Brooks, Ph.D. State Historic Preservation Officer Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation P.O. Box 48343c Olympia, Washington 98504-8343 Reference: NWS-2008-0260 Gateway Pacific Terminal Section 106 Initiation Dear Dr. Brooks: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) Regulatory Branch has received a permit application from Pacific International Terminals, Inc. (PIT) associated with the Gateway Pacific Terminal (Terminal) project located at Cherry Point in Whatcom County, Washington, west of Ferndale and adjacent to the Strait of Georgia (see Enclosure 1 for location). The purpose of this letter is to initiate Section 106 consultation and review, consult on the area of potential effects (APE), and to gather information that will assist the Corps in identifying historic properties. The proposed work includes construction of a new pier in marine waters and associated rail and cargo handling facilities on uplands. Construction of project facilities will affect waters of the U.S., including wetlands, and therefore requires a Department of Army (DA) individual permit under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act, and a DA permit for construction in navigable waters under Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act. The proposed Terminal would involve development of approximately 350 acres of a 1,500-acre project area, and would include a three-berth, deep-water wharf capable of berthing Panamax and Cape-sized dry bulk carriers. The proposed wharf would be approximately 3,000 feet long and 105 feet wide accessing 80-foot water depth, and would be connected to the shore by an access trestle approximately 50 feet wide and 1,600 feet long (approximately 1,100 feet long from the shoreline). Landside facilities would include open air and covered bulk commodity storage, each serviced by an on-site rail loop. A system of covered conveyors would connect the commodity storage areas to the access trestle and wharf. The Terminal would contain materials handling equipment for unloading railcars to storage and loading vessels, service buildings, stormwater treatment facilities, roadways, and other utility infrastructure. Extensive excavation (approximat'ely 3.4 million cubic yards of cut and fill) is proposed within the 350-acre facility area. Approximately

300 acres would be developed for wetland and stream creation and enhancement and an additional 440 acres is proposed for preservation, for a total mitigation area of approximately 740 acres. The Corps is defining the APE to include the entire 1,500 acre project area. A map of the APE is enclosed for your review and comment. As the Section 106 process proceeds, we will take into consideration comments you sent in a letter dated November 28,2012 as part of your NEPNSEPA review (DAHP Log. No. 09261 1-10-COE-S; attached). We are reviewing and processing BNSF Railway's Custer Spur permit application separately (Corps Reference No. NWS-2011-325). On August 24,2012 the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation indicated that they will be participating in the Section 106 consultation "in response to concerns expressed by the Lurnmi Indian Tribe." The Corps requests your comments on the APE and seeks comments that will assist us in identifying historic properties. If you have any questions or desire additional information, please contact Mr. Lance Lundquist, Corps Archaeologist at lance.a.lundquist@usace.army.mil or (206) 764-6909, or me at paul.c.jenkins@usace.army.mil or (206) 764-6941. Sincerelv,

Chris Jenkins Cultural Resources Program Manager Regulatory Branch Enclosure