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ontent y"e: #t$e : De$#(ery se$ect#on: %umber o* documents de$#(ered: MAF IP 1 Saturday, 08 December, 2012 at 22:11 HK !ases ! % !as& and !arry 'td ( )a$$a&er 'td !urrent Document 1

S+eet , Ma-+e$$ #s "art o* &omson Reuters. / 2012 &omson Reuters Hon0 Kon0 'td.

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Status:

Pos#t#(e or %eutra$ 1ud#c#a$ reatment !ourt o* A""ea$ 2!#(#$ D#(#s#on3 14 February 1556

CTN Cash and Carry Ltd v Gallaher Ltd

Case Analysis
Where Reported Case Digest
715589 8 A$$ :.R. ;18< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t Su !e"t# !ontracts $ther related su !e"ts# Sa$e o* 0oods Keywords# !red#t *ac#$#t#es< :conom#c duress< Pass#n0 o* "ro"erty< Sa$e o* 0oods Summary# :conom#c duress< sa$e o* c#0arettes< de$#(ery to +ron0 address< "ayment under t&reat o* $oss o* cred#t *ac#$#t#es< +&et&er econom#c duress A stra"t# &ere #s no e-tens#on o* t&e cate0or#es o* econom#c duress to create >$a+*u$ act duress> #n a commerc#a$ conte-t, and commerc#a$ "art#es are *ree to (ary t&e#r contract#n0 terms and to +#t&dra+ cred#t *ac#$#t#es +#t&out t&#s const#tut#n0 duress. A com"any, !, +&#c& ran a cas& and carry +are&ouse, bou0&t c#0arettes #n bu$? *rom ), +&o de$#(ered t&em by m#sta?e to t&e +ron0 address. @e*ore t&ey cou$d be rede$#(ered t&ey +ere sto$en. ) #n(o#ced ! *or t&e 0oods, be$#e(#n0 t&at r#s? &ad "assed to !, and t&reatened to cut o** !As cred#t *ac#$#t#es #* #t d#d not "ay. ! "a#d, but $ater brou0&t an act#on c$a#m#n0 re"ayment on t&e 0rounds t&at #t &ad "a#d because o* econom#c duress. &#s +as d#sm#ssed. He$d, d#sm#ss#n0 !As a""ea$, t&at econom#c duress +ou$d not be "ro(ed #n t&e conte-t o* armAs $en0t& commerc#a$ dea$#n0s bet+een t+o com"an#es, "art#cu$ar$y as ) be$#e(ed #ts demand *or "ayment to be $a+*u$. %udge# S#r Dona$d %#c&o$$s, B.!.< Farqu&arson, '.1.< Steyn, '.1.

All Cases Cited

National Westminster &an' (l" v )organ 715849 A.!. C8C< 715849 2 D.'.R. 488< 715849 1 A$$ :.R. 821< 715849 F.'.R. 2CC< 215843 1; H.'.R. 6C0< 215843 82 '.S.). 1884< 215843 164 %.'.1. 248< 215843 125 S.1. 204< H' *niverse Tan'ships +n" o, )onrovia v +nternational Transport Wor'ers -ederation .The *niverse Sentinel/ 715869 1 A.!. 6CC< 715829 2 D.'.R. 806< 715829 2 A$$ :.R. C;< 715829 1 '$oydAs Re". 46;< 715829 !om. '.R. 185< 715829 I.!.R. 2C2< 715829 I.R.'.R. 200< H' Thorne v )otor Trade Asso"iation 7156;9 A.!. ;5;< 215683 2C !r. A"". R. 41< H' )utual -inan"e Ltd v %ohn Wetton 0 Sons Ltd 7156;9 2 K.@. 685< K@D

Key Cases Citing

-ollowed Pro0ress @u$? !arr#ers 'td ( ube !#ty IMS ''! 720129 :DH! 2;6 2!omm3< 720129 2 A$$ :.R. 2!omm3 844< 720129 1 '$oydAs Re". 401< 720129 1 !.'.!. 6C4< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t< E@D 2!omm3

All Cases Citing

-ollowed Pro0ress @u$? !arr#ers 'td ( ube !#ty IMS ''! 720129 :DH! 2;6 2!omm3< 720129 2 A$$ :.R. 2!omm3 844< 720129 1 '$oydAs Re". 401< 720129 1 !.'.!. 6C4< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t< E@D 2!omm3 )entioned y @ereFo(s?y ( Abramo(#c& 720119 :D!A !#( 146< 720119 1 D.'.R. 2250< 720119 1 !.'.!. 645< 220113

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1082103 '.S.). 26< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t< !A 2!#( D#(3 )entioned y @ereFo(s?y ( Abramo(#c& 720109 :DH! C8; 2!omm3< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t< E@D 2!omm3 )entioned y 1ones ( Mor0an 720019 :D!A !#( 554< 720019 '$oydAs Re". @an?. 626< 720029 1 :.).'.R. 124< 720019 %.P.!. 108< 220013 82 P. , !.R. D)20< #mes, 1u$y 28, 2001< =**#c#a$ ranscr#"t< !A 2!#( D#(3 )entioned y %urd#n , Peacoc? P$c ( D@ Ramsden , !o 'td 715559 1 D.'.R. 1285< 715559 1 A$$ :.R. 581< 715559 1 :.).'.R. 14< 715559 10 :.). 186< 715559 05 :.). 1;4< 715559 :.). 15 2!.S.3< 215553 5C283 '.S.). 25< 215553 185 %.'.1. 241< 715559 %.P.!. 1;< #mes, February 18, 1555< !& D )entioned y Huyton SA ( Peter !remer )mbH , !o 715559 1 '$oydAs Re". C20< 715559 !.'.!. 260< E@D 2!omm3

%ournal Arti"les

When pressure turns to duress !onstruct#on "roGects< !ontractua$ ne0ot#at#ons< :conom#c duress. !ons. 'a+ 2012, 26243, 20H22 The un!ust enri"hment pyramid !ommon $a+< !om"arat#(e $a+< )ermany< 1ur#s"rudence< InGust enr#c&ment. '.E.R. 200;, 1262=ct3, C6CHC46 Commer"ial e1ploitation in "onstru"tion "ontra"ts# the role o, e"onomi" duress and un!ust enri"hment !onstruct#on contracts< :conom#c duress< InGust enr#c&ment. !onst. '.1. 2004, 21283, 450HC06 The legal e,,e"ts o, e"onomi" duress2 :conom#c duress. @uyer 2008, =ct, CH8 Threatened rea"h o, "ontra"t and re,usal to supply as grounds ,or duress2 @ad *a#t&< @reac& o* contract< :conom#c duress. %ott. '.1. 155;, 4223, 120H165 3"onomi" duress# re"ent di,,i"ulties and possi le alternatives2 :conom#c duress< Rest#tut#on. R.'.R. 155;, 4, 46HC4 3"onomi" duress# no remedy ,or law,ul e1"use demand in "ommer"ial transa"tions2 :conom#c duress< Payments< Rest#tut#on. !.'.M. 1554, 6263, 2H6 Threats4 pressure and tough negotiation2 @reac& o* contract< @u#$d#n0 and en0#neer#n0 contracts< :conom#c duress. !ons. 'a+ 1554, 42C3, 201H202 &en!amin5s Sale o, Goods 6th 3d2 +n"orporating -irst Supplement

Commentary

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!&a"ter: !&a"ter 6 H A""$#cat#on o* )enera$ !ontractua$ Pr#nc#"$es Documents: Sect#on 6. H Duress and Indue In*$uence &en!amin5s Sale o, Goods 6th 3d2 +n"orporating -irst Supplement !&a"ter: !&a"ter 18 H !onsumer Protect#on Documents: SubHsect#on 2e3 H R#0&ts under !ontracts to Su""$y Ser(#ces &en!amin5s Sale o, Goods 6th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 6 H A""$#cat#on o* )enera$ !ontractua$ Pr#nc#"$es Documents: Sect#on 6. H Duress and Indue In*$uence &en!amin5s Sale o, Goods 6th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 18 H !onsumer Protect#on Documents: SubHsect#on 2e3 H R#0&ts under !ontracts to Su""$y Ser(#ces Chitty on Contra"ts 78st 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter ; H Duress and Indue In*$uence Documents: SubHsect#on 2###3 H :conom#c Duress Chitty on Contra"ts 78st 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter ; H Duress and Indue In*$uence Documents: SubHsect#on 2*3 H &reats o* Act#ons not #n &emse$(es Dron0*u$ Chitty on Contra"ts 78st 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 25 H Rest#tut#on Documents: SubHsect#on 2d3 H &e )rounds o* Rest#tut#on Chitty on Contra"ts 78st 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 25 H Rest#tut#on Documents: SubHsect#on 2&3 H !om"u$s#on Go,, 0 %ones The Law o, *n!ust 3nri"hment 6th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 1 H Introduct#on Documents: SubHsect#on 2##3 H Reco0n#s#n0 %e+ )rounds *or Reco(ery Go,, 0 %ones The Law o, *n!ust 3nri"hment 6th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 10 H Duress Documents: SubHsect#on 2#3 H D&at #s I$$e0#t#mate PressureJ Go,, 0 %ones The Law o, *n!ust 3nri"hment 6th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 10 H Duress Documents: SubHsect#on 2#(3 H D&ere ! !on*ers a @ene*#t on, or !ontracts +#t&, D because o* DAs &reat t&at He D#$$ %ot !ontract +#t& H#m #n t&e Future or t&at He D#$$ :-erc#se Some 'e0a$ Pr#(#$e0e to !As Detr#ment

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Keating on Constru"tion Contra"ts !&a"ter: !&a"ter C H :-cuses *or %onH"er*ormance Documents: Sect#on 5 H :conom#c Duress S"rutton on Charterparties and &ills o, Lading !&a"ter: !&a"ter 1 H %ature, Ba$#d#ty and !onstruct#on o* t&e !ontract Documents: !&a"ter 1 H %ature, Ba$#d#ty and !onstruct#on o* t&e !ontract The Law and (ra"ti"e o, Compromise 9th 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 8 H Im"eac&ment o* a !om"rom#se Documents: Sect#on 8. H Duress and Indue In*$uence The Law o, Contra"t in S"otland 7rd 3d2 !&a"ter: !&a"ter 1; H :K =R I=%, ':SI=% A%D )==D FAI H Documents: SubHsect#on 6. H :n0$#s& cases on econom#c duress
/ 2012 S+eet , Ma-+e$$