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2

10

Caractres Hrditaires Information gntique

I
1 1.1
Acetabularia

Acetabularia Acetabularia

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m :

2.1

Nuclole

Chromatine

Eucaryotes Procaryotes

.Chromosomes

II
1
La thorie cellulaire Mitose

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11

2.1

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3.1

Le cycle cellulaire 1.2

20

20

2.2

III
1 )1928( Griffith
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1.1
m :

Griffith

8 S R S S S R 4 R Griffith S

)1944( Avery

2.1

Griffith

9 ARN Acide ADN ADN S ADN S R ADN DsoxyriboNuclique R

3.1

Virus

10

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1 ADN ADN 2 3 4 5 6 ADN ADN

2 ADN 2.1

ADN

ADN

ADN H3PO4 C5H10O4 C Nuclotides ADN G T A

G G C

C T

A
ADN

ADN

C T A

ADN
ADN ADN 1953 Crick

2.2
Watson A G T C

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Crick ADN

Watson

11 Antiparallles ADN

2.3
ADN 13 ( )

12

VI
ADN
ADN

.1

S ADN

13 ADN Q 2Q Q ADN (M) ADN Q 2Q ADN S ADN ADN ADN G1 S G2

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Rplication semi-conservative

ADN
ADN

.2

Meselson Stahl

Stahl ADN

Meselson

S N

ADN E.Coli
15

(1957) N
14

Stahl Meselson ADN ADN G2 (N15) (N14) G0

14 ADN G2 ADN G1 ADN ADN Stahl Messelson G0

Stahl Meselson G0 ADN G2 (N15) (N14)

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.3
ADN ADN

ADN

ADN il de ADN ADN 15 1 ADN Rplication

ADN

15 ADN ADN Polymrisation des nuclotides A T G C ADN

ADN Polymrase

Hlicase

ADN

ADN

ADN

ADN

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ADN ADN

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