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3 6

4
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fj
THE

Postage Stamps,
ENVELOPES,

OK THE

NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES OF GREAT BRITAIN.

<!5ait6

gulotiDe Illustrations.

COMPILED AND PUBLISHED

THE PHILATELIC SOCIETY, LONDON.

(ALL RIQHT8 RESERVED.)

LONDOX,

1889.

PREFACE.
TNVKSTIGATION into the history of the various ami successive issues -L of labels, wrai-pers, and envelopes connecte.l with the Postal systems
of the British Colonies in

North America does not present the


in ilie

ditliculties

which had
perhaps

to be

surmounted

case of

tlie

Australian Colonies, and


a

does not therefore include subject matter of so interesting' character as that comprised in the recent "(Oceania" Cataloiiue.

Keference

Lists

of

the

been

hitherto

crude, as

well

North American Colonies have nevertheless as deficient, and even incorrect in detail,

thus allording but superficial aid to the I'hilatelist: and the cnduav,.ur of the Society in the following; pages has been to amplify the infoiiiiation at present in the possession of collectors; and l.y the c.llation of contents of recent papers in Canadian and English journals, as well as by reference to otlicial gazettes and correspondence, to present as far as possible a

complete history of the Postal Service


In this endeavour
it

ii;

these Colonies.

has derived a large amount of assistance from


Secretary,
IMr.

the the
as

researches

of

its

late

E.

1).

liacon,

whose Notes
have
been

at

head

of

each

Colony were

originally

intended to

read

a paper before the London Society, but which, by the desire of the Connnittee entrusted with the revision and publication of the accompanying lists, he has consented should be amalgamateil with them,
tlius

adding

to

the completeness of the present work.


to

The Society

is

also largely indebted

to reiir.jduce the valuable contents of certain papers he contributed to the Ifidiftu- riiilakUst.

Mr. Donald A. King for the permission

The

now

lists of Canada and Newfoundland, the only two of the Colonies using distinct stamps, have been completed to the end of June, 1889.

The same mode


the
present

of illustration
"

by the Autotype process, which proved


of

successful in the case of the


occasion,

Stamps

Oceania," has been adopted on

most satisfactory of all methods of reproduction in fac-simile which have come under the notice
of the Society.

and

is

undoubtedly the

Augttst, 1889.

LIST

OF

AIM'.I.'KVIATIOXS,

T.
II.

T,.p.

Uottnin,

U.
L.
0.

lUght
Ijeft.

cent

(ir

cents.

d.

iliilliir,

[lenny, it pence.

i.

.shilliug,

or

bliillings.

IIRITISU

COLUMIUA AND VANCOUVER ISLAND.

J'RIiFJMINAllY
Jly

NOTES.
Hdcicly
(if
(li<.

K. D.

I'.ACOX.
(if

l)KI''Ol{K

liivili','

lirfi.ir
ill

llii'

iiiciiilii'iH
1(1
till,

the,

-U

f.w

(idicial

nipliccH

liiivc

(Millcctcil

irfcrciicc!
r

JSUliips
to
iiiiiki'

Die Xoilli
(micIi

Aiiiciiciiii
ii

(JdldiuCs,

1 iiiir|i(isc iii(.f;i(iiif.

what

uks

Imvu

in

kiw. with

mIkhI

irmnw

of

tlic iii,st(iry

of

i^iich

nf the

|ii(iviiiccs.

Tlicsc liisldriciil piiHiculiirs


ISH'J,

iinr

taken fur Uk^

iiHwt part

from

oiii!

from Thv Volnnhil OjHre U^l fur or two olhur W(irkn of rcfcicnci'.

and uiu

siiiipiuiiifutuil l.y adililioii.s

I'.ritisli

Coliiiiiliia is

situated on the norlli-wost eoasi


lietweeii

of North America,

and

comprises

tlie

hniiiided on
its.

till-

tlie av(!ra','e

Iho Koiky Mountains and the I'a(i(ie Coast ; north hy the (iOth parallel, and on the somIIi liy the I'nilcd Stat( s, hrcadlh liciiij,' alumt '.'.''lO miles, and the leii^'th of coastline !.">() inilcs.
territory

ly, cr

pence.

Tiio area (iiRhidiiif,' Vancoiivur


Mijuaie mile.s.
liritish

and

(,iiieen

Charlotte

Islands)

is

about

;i 1

1,000

shillings.

Colunihia wa.s

(oiistitule(l a
th(^

Crown Colony
j,'old

in

Ifiri.S,

owin;; to the

lar^'u

immi','rati(jii con.ttvpient

on

di.scovery of
Kiuta,

in that year.

Vancouver
colonies

Island,

dLseovered in

l.')92 liy

Juan de

was leased
in

to th(^

Hudson's l!ay Company in


tin;

1KI3, and

niiulc

Crown Cohuiy

1819.

In

1800

of

llriiish

Colunihia and Vancouver Island were unitod, and on July UOth, 1871, IJritish Colunihiii entered tln^ Dominion of Canada, Vancouver I.sland it) sometimes caHcd

QuADUA,

after the S|iaiiisli

that the i.sland was visited, in

commandant on the coast of the mainland, at the time 17!)l', hy the Ihiti.sh naval olli(;er, Captain (ioorgo
.<

Vancouver, from

whom

it

(leriv(

its iiKJie

usual name.

TIk! earliest issue of Tltc Ouvrnitiirnl dtvullc,

llrilittli

ColiimJiia, 1
c(

have

lici!ii

ahh- to lind in this country

is

that of .)aiiu;iry 7lh,

18(),").

This number

uilains the

following notices

"I'UnidC NOTICE.
"

mtirmii col umiiia


"UATUS
Ol-

I'OSTAOi:.

"BetwekN
And
for

liritish

Colunihia

and

Vaiicoiiver
I.ctler

Island,

delivered
.

at

Victoria or

New

Westminster, lor each

under ^ ounce

M.
ad.
Id.

every additional h ounce or Iractiuual


.
.

e.Ncess
.

For each Newspaper

On

all Letters iuid

at

New

Papers to or from abroad, and delivered or mailed Westminster, in addition to Foreign l'osta;;e, fur each
J

letter

under

ounce

... ...

3d.

ItlliriSII

fii/.tWUi/A
^

,i^v/>

\AMnriK/l
,

t.SLAN/K
, ,

Ami
Vr

Inr
lii' li

cvny
11

aiMiiniiiiil

iiMiiir

,,1

11,1,

liiiiuil ixi'c
_

Ni\\>.|i,i|jii'
.

lUlWrill
Ill

|',,>|

Ollin-

ill

,ill.V

nil.'

\<U<r iu

Hi,. l,',,||iy

1111(1

Miiy nlli,i- j.Imcc


iiiiil,'!'

ill

111,'
.

CiiliHiy, In all ciikh In Im' pripali!,


. .

l.illi'i

4 laiiu'i'
J

Ami
Kill'

I'm

iviiy

... ...
It

;j,|.

Ill

l',l Olli,,.
IVir

uuli

Oil.
(lil.

ailililiiiiial

.111111,
.

III

riiiiliiiMul

cxicKK
,

larli Ncw|iii|i'r

6il

"N.B. l'iuka;;(
H iiiiiias
riici'l
ill

iir

Paivils
li,.

,illui

lli.iii

NeWHpiiiitTK,
iil,.
,,1'

ami iml
pur
k

ixi'ouillii^'

w,i-lil, |l|

iliai-iil at
iiiiii,',!<

l.id.r

Oil.

imucu.

N,,

can

ln'

lakfii

im

ifilinn 8

in wti;^lil.
I!.

"(>*iKm''l)

W.Mt.siMi
r,,

SiAl.DiMi,

l'.,..lmi(iiln'-h'.:nmit,

"(Jkm;|!.u,

I'lisi

Ori'ii

v/i Jim,;

imiII."

"l'riil,H'

NdTICK.
,,11

"0,\
I.I

.mil alter tin- limli


iiiiisl

,|,iy

nl'

.Inn,., |s(i|,
I'lilil ,i|Ii,t

lll,.iv aii.l
rtliall

mail inallir
p,is|a-i'

li.ilil,.

piwtaxr
will
ill

In. piv|iai.l.
liir

Mamps

liavc li.rii nliMilnl,il


llie

tlifiv

)<v us,.,
.

issncl

llir

invpiyinunt of

piisla^'i'

Maiiips al

prcsiiil
IU I

Iiiarin- tlu' inaik 2\,\., Inr wliiili tlif


(,Si;.nuil)

.-inin ..lijil.

will in liunre

luiKi'i

\V.vnNKli n. >^VM.WSii,

l'osl,n(i.^kr-(l,:m:i<(t.

'

(iKSV.K.u. PiiM

On

II

K,

W/i

Jiiiir,

l.sai."

Till'
-Iniii',

alidvi'

III.

ilniilil

lii'st

appi'aivil witii

in

T/w

(!,i.r<ffr

al.Diit

llu-

niiililiu

of
in

l^<(;l;

lull,

as

is

I'listi.niary

siinilai'

imliui's,

uojiiu-s

wui'u

pulilislini

snlis(',,ii,'iil
iif

minilH'is,
liavin;L,'

ami

in

this

lasu uontinmil
i'nniij,'li

to

appear until

lliu

lattur

end

In liml a tile ,.f n<' l,',i;yt/c for 1801 tin- year tlie Two I'l'm-e Ilalfpinny stamp is sai,l i,, have lii'eii liist issneil in I ,uu unable to -ive the cNait ilay this .stamp came into use. I am iiirliiieil to think tlic stamp was lir.st, solely ns.'il t.. prepay letters sent l.etween New Weslminsler, the
i<l

180").

Xnt

liuun fuitnnalc

capital
o,

ihilish Coliiiiiliia, anil Victnria, the capital of

Vancouver
riito

Islaud.
'

If this

was

wu

see from tlie (list of ||. aliove notices that this

was

riii.

-e halfpenny in
i-

June, 1801.
Ktami.

It

is

upparenl from the


it

.scconil notice

that wimtuv.

uistaiice the old

2id. rate formerly paid,

was
it

to be sold at
is

was dune iway with or raised in the ahme inontli, as tho .Hd., pemlin- the arrival of a new one bearin- the hi-her valup,

Perhaps

as well for eollectors that the idea of sureliargiiifj the


,'iiter

Two

Pence Half
'

penny stamp 3d. did not


varieties

the Po.stniaster's head, or there


to

i,s

no

telliiif

ow many

we should have had

add

to

our albums

if

the

suicharj,'!'.

dilFerod in

it iirobalily would have done. Tlie escape was no iloubt due to the fact that time siiirhar-es on stamps were few in imndier, and mo.st likely altogether unknown to the Postal authorities of liritish Columbia. This Two

type, as

that

at

Pence Halfpenny

stamp
it,

is

certainly admis.sable into a coll,.ctioii as a iirovisional Three Ponce, provideil


it

1801. Another curious point in coniiei'tion witii the aliove notices is to know how the newspaper rate of one penny was prepaid. The .second notice distinctly .says, "All Letter.] and mail matter lialiie to posta-e must be |,repaiil. There will be is.sued for tlie lirepayment of postage tlu^ postage stamps at present in use." AVas this
. .

or the jiaper

is

attached

to,

is

])o.stmai'ked after .luiie 19th,

Three

way like so many of the other Xorlh American Colonies stamps, or was the postage, even in face of the notice, prepaid in coin? One of these two alternatives naturally .suggests itself to have been the ca.se. I liave never .seen or heard of a coj.y of this stamp divided; but as it could have been only employed for ne\vspa]iers .sent by two special routes, the use of tlie stamp would probably be small, and the fact that it was found upon newspapers alone

Penny

provisional divided in any

v/>.

iiimisii co/.i-.uii/A
l.

AM)
,

i:\xn iry/-;/( isr.Axn.


W,. sjmll see
vv.h
in
f,

Won M
no'it'"

aciMMinl
'

|..r
'^''''

the

di.s,|,|.,,|.,n,

nf -pe, ii,.hs.

the ne.xt

-'^"

""

l'i"visiHi,;,l

Th
is

Penny -lamp
taken
f

nse
Ini

down
(Vtohei

to

the

1st

-NoVemlH.,,

|,S0.-,.

This nnliee
:

T/n

(l,lt.

M. M.
&I.

l,xo; I,

and runs as

iUy,

fc^il.iws

"NOTHi:.
'ilXKIIM. I'o*r OKKltl-, Ml, Hl^lrinlHi;
" Ir hi.viiil,e.
11

iXL'uudiii;,'

ISO.'..

'aieral.

lu i,Mi,- ,i new poMii},'.. hIimim. Im meet the "" ''"^'"1 O-dinaih'e, isdt, ,i,,. i, i,,,,.,,y "'I,'"""'" ^,i, ,,,i | "'! alter the 1st Neveinl.r next t!,.. ,s|,,n,p at present in use will ,.,,1 l. reeeivd hy the I'osl Olliee Depaitluenl. IVrsons in passesMon ef th,. -lamp at pivmnt ,n use may excliaii-e the same ai.pliraliui, at anv ut the I'ohIollites .'I Ihilish Coluiiihia on r alter the 1st N'(,veiiiher.
'

r,mil i,ece.s,uy

"(Sillied)
k'l'

W.MINIIII

It.

lUlilc

Se,\LMINO, /^^HI.(^

,-(,,

,)/."

l>stiinti'il

Tile
aiii|is

new

pusl.i;.e

al

stnip nniiliuned in the


letter

ahov
in the

is

ohviun-iy

llie
is

in I'liliu'u

bhm, w.th large fancy

Tiiiee

Peme
hy

"v" and Clown


.[ne,
se.
I.ik,.

ivntie,

which

cneral.

M. Moens a. issued on the 20th Ihree lenuy stami. 'ame into


the
Hire.,

eatah.K'ued

|S(;i, the d.lte,

we have
1

seen, the provisional

that

provisional,

think

it

is

possil.lo

Pence, hlue,

may

also

|iv..

I.ti,
1

divi.hd
l,p,.,

to

prepay the

.aie
ii.

newspaper rate;
Ik;

penny
,.Meii

iiiicMlc

of
in

imlilisli(.'('i

hat future research will, instance whuthor or not such \ras tin, case.

d.linilely

del,.niiii.e

liu

liitU'i'

(^ml

f/rtov 1801
uijil
li

in

MM
tlio

t<>

think
the

the names of the Postma.ster.s, was published in The lin::r,lr fur April Itli, ISOO. The list is ehielly interesting as showniH upon what a small scale the Postal Service of ihe craintry then wa.s, as ut that lime there were only sLxteen Po.st-onices opened tlirun,L,'liot the whoh' colony.
1

The

fnowinf,.

list

Pust-ollices,

with

tcr,

iiiliiliil

his

WHS

so,

wo
old

LIST OF

I'O.ST

OFFICES IM DLUTISIl COLU.MLIA.


rosTM.\s'n;n.

hiilfiH'nny in
I'LACE.
stiiuci!
till;

nimith, as Uiu
'

Now
Kojie

Westininntet

hij,'hui'

viiluc,
lliilf

Pence
In}
l;(!
'

l'onf;laa

ow many

Lillooct

iliffurod in

le

to llic fact

ely altogcllH'r
icc

Yale byitou Asheiul't


(v'linton

llaifiicnny

inco, iiroviilcd

Sriila

Lake La Haciic Creek

.... '' .... ....


.
.

W.

R. SpaldiiiK,

r.M...,

A. H. Hall. Richard White.


T. H. Sharwuod.
L. Aj^useiz.

'.

W. M.
J.

C(. i...ji.

C. F. Cn.iittall.

Champness.
Aiidersnu.

W.

01.

Another
and

J. T.

Sanay.

Qiie.inelmouth

F. Mevor.
L,
. "

invsimpcr rate
1

Van Winkle
William's Creek Fort Slie|ilierd
Koviteiiny
.
.

Calm.

Letter.!

.ssiumI
IS
I'th

for the

John Jane.
District

tliis

Tiirec

Columbia Kiver, Big Bend

American
1

paid in coin

the
t

cn.se.

Aslicroft t'ost-ollioe is tlio jmictioii will


l)u

whence mail matter

for llic Ilcn<l District

forwariloil.

could

llllVC

of the
sjiapurs

stamp
alone

On March 20th, 1807; an Act was passed which dian-ed the currency of the colony to the ilecimal system of cents and dollars. On .^[arell
13th, in the

same


y.'av, a
fi'i.iii

unrnsii
new
I'nslul
:

((H.r.\iisi.\

asd

VA.wnrvh.ii isi.Axn.
Tln'
full.. win;;
.

l|,|ii,.m,c A.

aU,.

\h;a\w law.

laiin.-.

niv taki'li

till'

l.iiii'i'

" IX. Tlial i.iiiAfry


ill
It

l.illi'i-.li'iii.ll(..l iii,i.ri>iiHMiiiK
liiill
iiti

tlirinixli.any
tliuri.'

1'im.I-iiIIIi'i'

llii' ('.il.iiiy, iiriil

11.. I

ixiriKlin

oiinri' in wvif,'lit,
;

hIiuII In' imi.l

lii.taj<i'

lUcihliiiK

t.i till' r..lliiwiti>!


III

.iilc

lliiit

in ti. Kiiy

Al

..!

I.iawicn Vi.l.aia,

,iiiy Piwl-i.llln'

in Vuiiniiivi r NIaii.l
.

mill Ni'w \Vi-liiiiii4i'r, nr

any

I'.nt in lliu C.ili.iiy

r,

CVntn.

I'ltWfcu Vaiir..iivir Munil nr or Siivana'i

NfW
,
,

WcHtniinMter anil Clinton


.

Wny

I'.i'yiinil lllnili' .li-l;lliris

lii'twt'iii

any

Iw.. INi^l-iiHiiTs
liiilf
l.|.

almvo

...
.

I2j fVnt..
!'>

CflltH.
C'liit^.

Yiilr, llniic, aii.l |(.m;iliiM.

lij

Aii.l

f.ir

rvi'iy a.l.lilii.iial

an

i.unoc, nr IVarti.in oC half

an iinncc ImtimuI
iioMla.,'!.,

Ihf al.Dvr

wiij^lil, lliiiT hIiuII

paid on iwli

nm h

Lvltcr an ail.litinnal

acconlinj; lo

tliu l'iii('(,'oin lali'fl.

cvory Hin^lo NcwspnpiT ilcposilfd in or passiii;,' tlinni^ili any riwt-ollicu in llic Colony, iIiitc shall lio paiil a iiostaKL- of Two Cents,"
fur
I

"X. That

liavo liocn unalilo

t..

(iinl

any imtico
Imt

in

The Oaxelle of
In
Tin'

tin;

isMuo of slanipH

snrcliai'ji'il
al.i.vi'

with

tin. valnipi,ssi.il,

in ivnts,

tliry pn.lialily cainc into use at tlu' tiim.

the

All was

or sln.rlly iiftcrwaiiU.

Gnziltn. for .laiini "y

I8tli,

18(18, thcri-

a noti.i) Kivin-,' crfain I'oKtal ratfs in


tlir
llii'

ci'nt.H,

ninl Htntinf,' that


I'rinci.
tlio

MrttiMH,
Isliiml,

papers, kt\, for Creat Ilritain, Caiiaila,

Unitoil Stairs,
i'oHta.,'!'

K.lwanl
lolony."

am!

Ni'wfo'uiillaiiil,

mimt

In-

prrpaiil in

StanipH of

So

it

Im cviili'iit,
iiH

from

tlir pliiinl

w.inl Msnl,

tliu Cfiiln .stainpH


:

woro

thm

in usi".

Thin Hot
1

wi-

know,

loiisistnl of tiiu fiillowinf,' vahios

i,

.'>,

10, 'lU, TiO runts

ami

ilollar.

It is possililu all tho values

eataloKUoil as our issuo.

nmy not luivo nppcnreil at As wo spo from Clause X. of tho


Lonkiii',' at

onco, but thoy aro usually

Postal Onlinuneo 18G7 Aet,


for tho

tho

Two

Cents value prepaid newspapers ulnne, which aeeounts


tho
list

stamp

heiiig

so rarely met with postmarked.

of letter rales in Clau.so IX.,

we

viiluo

should expect lo liml a Twelve and a Half Cents stamp, hut, as wo know, nojuch was issued. Iloro again I can only au^'Kost that the Twenty-live Cents may have

Cents cut in two, and used in conjunction with a Ten Cents or two Five Cent stamps to nmko up tho reipiired ralo. Tho stamps of liritish Columbia were withdrawn from >iso on July 20lli, 1871, on the admiltanco
of the colony into tho

ln'on divided, or the Five

Dominion

of Caiuula.

Mr. N. Shakespeare

is

tho present

Postmaster of Victoria.

RFFEUKN'CF

LI.ST

OF THE PIIILATKUC SOCIETY, LONDON'.


Issue

1861.

Enj{mveil and type-printed by Jlossrs, Do La Hue and Co., of I/indon, on white, un\.-alermarkod, slightly -surfaced i.ajier; white <,'iim.

Omvalm:

Diademed

profile of

Queen

Victoria to

and below the head

are a stralfjlit

Designleft, on ground of horizontal lino.s. Above and a curved label of solid colour one with

convex, anil the other with concave ends. Tho upper hdiels are inscribed "nmiisii coix'MniA fc," and the lower ones " vancouveiw lsland" respectively,

nil

in

small white
ends,

Unman
in

capitals.
colourei'.

in.scribed

On either side iw. .straight white labels, with rounded Uoman capitals " i-o.STAdii " on the left, reailin<,'
in
is

upwards;
downwards.

and

"two pence-iiai.kpknny " The remainder of th" stamp

two
(illed

lines

on tho
with

right,

reading

in

reticulation.s,

and

nitirisll fiH.IMIllA
laiiHCM nri>

.\\/)

VASnit'VEII
i|i".,;^ii.
.s|i.i|i,.,

l.<l..\M).

tiiknn

two

oilier

liiii'H

of

ruloiii

iniii|il(|e

till'

ii|,ii-lil

i''i'taii','iilar.

(llliiHlruliim I.)
(,\)
II
lit'

/m/iir/i/rad',
,

(II)

iVr/w,(/..M

I.

|Hl|i|

iijil

riwy-liniwii.
I

2Jd., ruse, iipHy-l.nnvii


ini|ii'i'fiii'ati'

(lir

.i".),

Jli'iiiiirl,y.--Su

|iiwtiiiai'ki'd

lopy of the
allliiHiKh

variety
fare

in

known

to the

Soeiely.

The

|i.'rforated

Hlaiiip,

heariii^^

the

value of

Two

reiiee
latter

llalf|H-iiny,

was sold
L'Oth

at

Three Peine, and did duly proviNionally


IHdl,
until
Int

for IIiIm

2J
J.')

CVnK
(Vlltl4.

value
l>y

from

June,

Xoveinln

r,

If^li.'i,

wlii'ii

it

was

I'lplaii'd

the Three

I'eiiee, hhie,

of the next iiwue.

;!j C'clitn.
(

IlI'VllMil
|>(iKlii;^i',

Issue
Dnfl ratw.

11.

1st

November, 1865.

tliniii^^h

Viita,"

and type-printid hy Messrs. He Ln Kiie and Co. on wliilr Hlij,'litlysiirfaeed jiaper, wateriiiaiked Crown and (-' C v.lii'e niaeliine f,'iiiii jierforaled 14, The sheet is eiaiipuseil of 210 >lainps, divided iiitu four panes, laili
Kn(,'raved
; ;

eontaiiiiiij,'
fsiin
il

sixty stamps, arranged in six Im !oiilal rows of ten.

llrsij^n:

Iriiaiiiental
left,

of

^t.'llil|i8
till-

letter " V," representing " Victoria,"

with heraldie rose inside, thistle on the

and

the

tiiiji'

RpriK of

shamrock on the
oval

riKlit, Hurinoiinti

d by

Juthic

crown

is

enclosed within a

.liiiiui ".v
{

lUth,

white

hand,

inserilM'd

"

iiihtihii

ciilummia

i-ostaok''
liy

almve

and

"tiiiikI';

timt

'IfttiTH,
ImIuiiiI,

PKNi.'e" lielow, the


side.
iM'iiiK

two inscriptions
of the
dcsijjn

liein^^ se|iarati'd
is

a star like ornaiiieiit at either

Mwiinl
oliiiiy."
iisn.
I

The remainder
riainded,

stamp

Idled in with u diaiK'r puttern, the corners

it

and the

is c<iiiipleted

hy

sinjrj,.

outer

lini'

of colour.

.SIia|M;,

TliiM
1

Hi't,

U[)right rectangular.

{ll/iiKlra/iim 2.)
;iil.,

anil

dollar,
Iilup,

oy arc UHUully

deep

lilue.

iiuelSC; Act,
10
ill

Issue III.
Si'j-

13th March
desij,'ii,

(7),

1867.

fltanip l)t'iiig
vafiipa.

All nf
lait

tlie

Cliuisi'

IX.,

same

and

printed

from the anme die as


jmjier

know, no
't'lita

the preeedini,' issue,


iiiicli

with the values


lioltoiii

in

the altered currency, surchar^'cd in

may

a
liiivu
Tt'ii

strai).!lit

line

across

the

of

the

stamp.

The
is

is

white

wnve
the

lu

with a

watermarked Crown and


preeedin},' is.suo,

C,

and the

perforation

riu!

StillllllS

of

each sheet contains 210 .stamps, which


a.s

Like 12J. are similarly disposed.


cr

11

The
in in
"

he ailmittance
is

values are printed


black
violet

follows;
;

"two

tknts,"

in lilaek

block tyjie
;

".^
2.')

cent

fi,"

the present

green

Roman caiitals Roman capitals; Roman capitals.

" 10 cents 10," in blue


".10

cents

50," in

carmine

Roman capitals Roman capitals

"
;

ce.vth

2Ci

"i
I!,

noi.t.Ait
-I,
.''i.)

1," in

.Shape,

ii))i'ij,']it

rectangular.

{l/fiintnitiiiiiH

(a) Perforated

U.

ONDOX.

2
5 10

c.

c.
c.

on M., bistre, black sni'charKe. on 3<l., vermilion, black surcbai'He. on 3il., rose-pink, blue
on on
lid.,
;iil., ;itl,,

2.j c.
f

orange, violet
luaiivc, cariiiiiic
^reeii, ^jreen

and Co., of
iJesign

50
1

c.

mil. lines.
iir

d. oil

Ahovo
with
2
.I

one

(D)
p.
c.

Vafumtal

12J.

on
1)11

3d., bistre, black surclirtrt,'e(/).


3il., veriiiiliuii,

ibed "nniTisii
lively,
all

black surcharge (shades).

in

10

c.

with rounded
left,
i^^ht,

2.0 c.

on on

3d., rose-pink, lilue

( ( ( (

.,

).

3d., orange, violet


3d.,

>.

).
).
),

readins{

OO
1

c. lai

mauve, carmine
green

reading

d. oil 3d., green,

Illations,

and

Remarhg.T]\i'

Two Cents

hr.s

not been met with perforatecl 12},

hy tlie

Society.

10

I'.Lvt'ori'/;/?

isLAXD.

VANCOUVEi; ISLAND.
Issue
I.

July, 1865.

Into

,^,vc.

.a,H.r.

watornHuk.,!
p..o(ilo

Cown

an.l

CC;
,

wl.ito
lof,,

Cknth.

,n.

]),.!..

k.,,.

,a.l..,c..

of

..)uo.n

ViCona

on ..oun,! of horiJn^

An

c,u.,e,..s. Ten ,Sa,u. portrait of ll,.r Majesty in ..ir.l,. laI.ol ,.hovo. inseril,.,! witi. whit. l,lod< Ht.ns; Jhitf labd v h ..u.l..l ends below, w.th eolonrc.l l>loek letter. Floriate ornan.ents in span.lre outer line of colour co,M,,lete.. the

'11-1

in

u.th

Ckmu

a,,h

.olo,,,.,

.lesi,.,

of

eaeh value.

rectan-ular.

Shane ".iiu, uiuight upright

(I//u.-<fm/wii,, C, 7.)
T.

" VAXCOUVRI!

IHr.ANl>."

li.

"FIVE CKNTH."
(ii)
f)

"TEN CENTS
14.

"

(a) Imj/crfomte.
>

Paforaled

e,,

rose.

c.,

rose (aliailus).

ill

c, blue.

K'c, blue(

).

.li

'i

H"i> iilid Ci).

nil

Designs: ml of
I

FivK

lioiizciiital

colour, iiiKfi'ihpil

CANADA.
PRELIMINARY NOTES.
Jly
JH.

1111(1

outor liordiT
ill

[ajosty

cin.],.
;

wliitc label
'Ills

with

in spaiidicls.
iii)iig|it

SliaiH',

D.

llACOiV.

/"jAXADA

i.s

sai.l

to liavo

Wmi
tlio

di.scovoicl

by

Suba.-^liaii Calioi
ti.c

iu

11)7

l.iil

liiis

tjio .St. Lawieucc, .so on St. La\vrencc',s Day. was founded. Tho . . succumbed to the ]>ntish forces under General AVolfe, and iu 17G3 the whole ,tory of Canada was c(Mled to Great Britain Ijy the Treaty of ]'aris. Iu 1791 an Act of Parliament was passed dividing Caiuula into two Provinces, Upper Canada (now Ontario) and Lower Canada (now (Jueboc),

of tho king of Franco, au.l ten ywir.s later Cartiur (.xplorcl namiu- Dial splendid river fmm liaviuf,' entered it

1.S

nut uertain.

Iu 152.5

Fnmch

took possfssion of

countiv

iu ll. uam..

In IG08

t,)uel,ee,

the

lir.t .sottlement,

and ostahlishing a

constitution for each.

The

[.rovinees were afterwards re-unitcd iu 1840.

THE DOMINION OP CANADA.


The Proviuecs
Canada),
of Ontario

and

(.hiebec (formerly

Xew

constituting the Colon\' of


Ihili.sh

liruuswiek, and
,aie

Xova

Seotiu,

were hy "The

Xortli American

Act, 18G7," fimucd into

Dominion.

This Act was brought into force by Koyal

Prochimaliou, bearhig
lintish

.late

the 27th of May, 18G7.


;

On

the I,5th of .July, 1870,

the uewly-frmed province of Manitoba

on the 20th of July, 1871, the colony of

Columbia; and on the

1st of July, 1873, that of Prince

Edward

Island,
all

were successively admitted to the Dominion, Xewfoundland now alone, of North American Colonies, relainiiig its iudependcuce.

tho

As

far as I have been able to discover, Post-olfuT notices ndating to tho i.ssuo

of stamps were not published in T/w

The number
that on April

of

The Owxtte

f,u-

r)tli

following the

Camvla Guxettc with other ulli.Mal matter March 8th, 18.M, contains n long uotice, stating managemeut of tho Inland Posts would be trans-

ferred to the control of the

Provincial Government, and that the

postage would then

come

into force.

We

Genoral of Great
"
is
111

liritaiu for 18.-)7

what

new rates of learn from tho report of the I'ostmastorthose rates wore ; for we read ;
Payment
per
.

1851 a reduced rate of postage wns established.


Oil ordinary

optional.

Lctim

limited to 411)3."

Oil Letters posted and deliveicd in the same tuwii eiiuli, ^d. " Newspajiers are conveyed free. " Books are charged h\. per oz., the weight of a aiiii-lo Packet bein"

....
I

in

advance

J oz.,

3d.

I should add, the local rate of id. did not conic uito use until 1S.')7.

In

"iviii''

these extracts from the Poslniaster-Generars Keporl,

have invariably

altero'd

the

J'f

It
riituH
t(i

C'AXADA.
tlirii'

iifoprr ciinciicy valiio, ns tlicy arc j^ivcn in llic

list,

at

"alpnut"

tlic

stiM'liiiL,' ciiiiivali'iit.

Tlic rates to I'.ngiaml in


C'ldsi.l
17<(

t)iicrati(iiL uii

Jlay

1st,

1850, iirnbalily

oarlicr,

wvtc

mail, lid U.S.,


.

Iiy

British Packut, not t;.\ceeainf! ^ oz.


.

111(1.

Halilax

I oz.

7M.
Is.
,^.ii(l.

Iiy U.S.

Ami

Packet on October

ioz.
i oz.

l.st,

IS'iO,

by Canadian Packet

7i.l.

We
Tiirc(!

for IS'il, ^'iveu further

from the Keport of the Po-itma-ster-Gcneral of Canada list, tliat the lirst stamps con,sistc(l of a Penny, Six I'enny, and One Siiillinj,', and that these throe values were is.sued
fnini tiie extract

know

on

in tlio Hoeiety'.s

shoitly after April 1st.

Taking' into consideration the notice 1 have mentioned,


I

it

seems

prolialile

the issue took place on Ajiril nth, 18.51.


later
issues,

can

<;ive

no new infor-

mation about any of the

and

shall

conclude

my

remarks on this

pnnince by
which
has grown.

giving;

some

postal .statistics taken

from

T/ie Colonial OfficK List, 1889,

i>rove to

what
tind,

a hnye .system the Post-ollice establishment of the

Dominion

We

however, the present cxiicnditure greatly exceeds the revenue,


the desire of the tluverninent to extend
jiostal

owing, I

am

told, to

facilities ua

widely as possible.

understand .some changes have been nindo by an Act passed this year, one of whicli alioli.shes the privilege hitlu^rto granted to Canadian new.sI
\)i\\K\-f

of free transmission

by post

to sub.scribers

from the publishing

oflice.

The number
of

of letters sent in the year ending 30th June, 1887, was 74,300,000;

of post cards, 10,356,000;

and of newspapers (other than


carried free), periodicals,

tlio.se

sent from the otlico

publication,

which

are all

parcels, &c., 31,160,000.

The innnber of newspapers sent from the office of publication was about 00,000,000; the number of letters per head of population was 15.21 the number of offices was
;

the revenue for 1887 was $2,603,255, and the expenditure $3,458,100. There is weekly mail connnunication with Great Britain vin Quebec or Halifax, and
7,53
1
;

twice a
Pacific

week

vkl

Now

York.

There

is

a through daily service by the Canadian-

Kailway

to the Pacific Coast.

The

present rates of postage are as follows


Letters. Per J oz. Cents.

Newsi>n|wrs.
Ci'iil,i.

Canada and United

States
.

3
.
. ,

J CMcll.
-1

Newlijundlaud Europe, Kgypt, the West Indie.-i, and British Guiana South and West Africa, Cliina, Eu.st Indies, Slauritius, Straits Settlements, South America
Australasia
IJitto, lid
.

5 5
10
15
li)

each.

per

oz.

])er oz.

2 per oz.

Brindisi

3 per

uz.

There

is

Parcels Post to Newfoundland, the United States, and Europe.


is

The present Postmaster-General

the lion. J. G. Haggart,

HKFEKENCK LIST OF
Issue
Thri'f
vahief.

TIIE

PHILATELIC SOCIETY, LOXDOX.


(?)

I.

5th

April, 1851.

Engraved and printed in taillr-ihnice by Messrs. Kawdon, Wright, Hatch, and Ed.soii, of New York, on thin white paper; laid horizontally brownish in the case of the Three Pence, and vertically in the otlier two values
;

OANADA.
St,

13

at "iilHUit. " tlic

gum.
with

Dosisn.c*:
.-iun

TimEE rExcE.-lieaver nn bank


;

.shining above tliom

of river; trees i the .listance oval colour,!,! fiaiu,., broken at ihe top by a K,.yai

'^^

irlici

Crown, benoatli which are IieraMic llowrs, with


ri-lit.

"v'on

the

l,.ft

and "u",mllie

The oval
,Si.x

arabes,pie and

'M.
.

Uesif.,,.

i.

r.id.

is an numeral of valu,!. Tw,. plain ,mt,'r iiuia c.mplete tiic I>K.VCE.-Xearly full face bust portrait ,.f Prince Alluut, in military

i.s

in.scrib,.,!

with wliite

Roman

capitals.

In each spandrel

th,! Araliie

iUMf,.rm, looking to right, within ,lorc,l oval, JleraMic flowers on eitlu'r si,Ie s,.parat,. the
inscription.

lett..rc,l

in whit.. R,..iian capitals.

upp,.r

ad lower portions of the


;

Oeiieriil of
ii]is

Ciinnda
a

Arabcs,pies ami Arabic ntim.ual


lines.

,.f

value in each spandrel


fa,.,
l,.fl,

border

coiisi.stcd of

of

two plain outer

Twei.vh

PENOE.-Thi.-e.piarUr
looking to
in
whit..

valiK'M
liivi: ;,'ivo
'

wcro issued

Quoon Victoria on

bust portrait of
with .lia.lem and
a

groun,! of horizontal lines,


ins,.ribe,l

iiicntioiu'd, it
110

necklace witlun c.loure.l oval,

Roman
th,.

capitals;

Crown

.,n

new

iiifor-

either side s..paratii,g the u,.per aiul lower parts of


;

in.scription.

remarks on this
Officp.

List, 1889,

of tliu

Dominion

ami Arabic numerals of valu.- in ea.'h span.lrel bor.ler of tw,> plain outer lines, bhapes: small oblong rectangular for the Three Pence; small upright rctangular for the Si.>: Pence aii.l Twelve P..i:e. I {I lust rat ims S, !), 10.)
T.

Arab,...,,u..s

uoeds tlic revenue,


)ostiil

".'ANADA POSTAGE."

D.

"tiIUKE rE.VCE," " SLXl-KNCE," "TWELVE PEXCE."


vcnnilion
(slia.Ies).
(

facilities as
3il.,

by nn Act passed
o Canadian newsling odicc.
,

6d., purple-lilai.k
12.1
,

),

Mack.
Plulnlclist for July,

R,marhs.~hx no.

llall/a,.-

;nt

was 74,300,000; from tlie oflico

1888, a c.py of the


It is as follows
1.;
:

oiricial

order notifying the issue of

tlieso three

stamps

is

given.

&c., 31,160,000.

"P.O.

DEPARTMENT.

(Ordeii No.

ibout 60,000,000;
iljcr

of offices was

iture
;c

$3,458,100.

or Halifax, and

by the Canadian-

"!'. O. Dia.MriMK.Nr, Touont.), \sI April, 1851. " iStamiis for J'rcjiKijmciU of J'astxyc on Ldlrrs. "Postage Stami)s are about t.. l,e i.ssiicl, one riiprcsenting the beaver, of the acnoinination of ;} pence tl. secoii.l representing the hea,l of Prince Alliert, of the aennniination of G p.-nce and the third repr..senting the lica,l
; ;

ot

Her Majesty,

of the denomination of

shilling,

which

will .shortly he

transiiiitte.1 to

the [lostniastcrs at imixirtant points."

N't;ws|in Iters.
Criil.s.

Issue 11

1852.

J cacli.
-i

eacli.

per oi.

2 per oz. 2 per oz.

pr..c.,,Iing, but print...! npon white paper. The paper varies ..msLlerably in substanc,., especially in the Three reiiny value, wliieh ranges from st.)ut to nearly pelure. The latt.'.r value is also found printed upon cl,we!y-ribb<!,! thin paper. {I/liistratiom

Three vuhte,.

Identical in type with the

wove

8, 9, 10.)

(a)

Ware

jKijier.

3 per oz.

3d., vcrniilioi!, ,imiige-vermili,,ii (siiadcs).


0,1.,

Les,

and Europe.

12.1.,

Mack, Mack.

o!ive-l)lack, .lull prnplo, .lull vi.ilot (sha.les)

(n)

Clnsdii-rilihcd Ihin jiKjm:


3,1.,

v.riiiili.iii.

i?wia)fe The Twelve Pence


wove
paper,

has

n..t

ben
hav..

.atahiguod bef..re as fouml upon


b..en

but undouhtc.l

u.s,.,l

,.opi..s

Loxnox.

seen

by members of the

Society.

Issue III.
Tliree vnhies.
Nb'Hsrs.

1855-57.
in
lu!ll,:-donr,'

Engrave.l

an.l

print..,,l

by Messrs.

Raw.l.Mi,

Kawilon,

laid horizontally
r'aUies
;

brownish

whit., wnv.- .ir clo.s..|y.ribbeil paper; br.nvnish gum' pENOE.-Pr.,lile bust portrait of .Ia..,iues Carti..r to right, nn irrmuul of horiz<mtal lines, within an .ival, col..ure,l b..r,ler, in.scribo.l with white Roman

Wright, Hatch, and K.lson .m

Designs:

Ten

14
cni)itals.

CAyADA.

iilustor of leavps

on
;

tlio

li'ft

mid

honvov on U\o

li^lit

soparato

tlio

upper

ina('rii)tion

from

tlic

lower

<ross-liat(IiLMl spaiiilicls.

In the uppcf "S,l. sto.,"

or sterling;; in

llin

lower "10 cy.," or iiincncy,

in

wliito.

Outer

lioriler

of

two

plain, edloureil lines.

Skven I'ENfE Hat.ki'knny. The same


lirst

j.nrtrait

of

(,)Meen

Victoria as in the Twelve, I'onee of the


inscribed with white
liIo(tk

issue,

witli'ii

((ildurecl

oval frame,

letters,

the upper inscription


left

now

reading,'

"ianada
all

PACKET rosTAOK."
sU^rlin-,';

The

u|)per

and lower
ri^lit

spandrels are inscrihed " Gd. sTd.," or


in

and the upper and lower

spandrels "".Jd. cv.," or currency,

white, on coloured cross-hatched f,'round.

Outer border of two plain


cai)ilals; reticulated

lines.

JIaf-flines,

PENNV. Diadoniod
of

profile of tjueen Victoria to left,

on ground of luirizontal
{IthtxtmlimiK 11, 12,
SI,\

in oval frame, lettered with white

Roman

spandrels; outer border


1;J.)

two

plain lines.
T.

Shape, small upright rectangular.


]).

"CAN-ADA POSTAOE."

"TEN PENCE,"
IIAI.K

"

PENCE STEnUNG,"

"ONE
(a)
1st April, IS'ij,

PENNY."
paper.

Wove

UW., Prussian-lihic (shades).


(
(
).

2ud

Juni', lHr)7, 7|il., grass-grucn

IHth July, 1857, M., rose


(n)

).

Close! ij-ribbed thin paper,


id., rose.

Eemark8.T\vo sni-disant provisionals havn been chronicled viz., the Halfpenny surcharged in black one with an Arabic numeral "1," and the otlu r with " 8d. STG." The Society can furnish no information concerning these two stamps
;

but supposing the surcharges to bo genuine,


insufricicnt iwstaijc applied after tlio letters

tiiey are

probably only notifications of

wore posted.

With
it to

regard to the portrait on the


in the

Jacques Cartier; but

Ten Pence, tradition has always assigned Catalogue of the Collection of Stamps, S:c., in the

at the IJorlin Post Onice, it is given as that of Sebastian Cabot. However, same catalogue pronounces the portrait on the Six Pence of issue I. to bo that of Lord Elgin, it is probably equally incorrect in the former case, more esiwcially as a writer in T/w IMifcu' P/iifaMuf for July, 1888, .says "it is identically the same as that of all the existing portraits of Jaopies Cartier, and

Museum

as the

totally unlike those existing of Sebastian Cabot."

In the .saiiK! article on Canadian Stftm/is in Tlie II<d!f(u- PhiialcHst an extract from the Postmaster-Ccnerars Report for the year 18.').') is given, showing us the rcison for the i.ssiie of the Ten Pence value. It was, "To promote the general convenience in i>ivpaying letters to Great Ilritain at the new rat(>, postage sunups of the value of 10 pence currency, equal to 8 pence sterling, were procureil
issued for .sale." The same article gives the following extracts from the rostmaster-deiieral's Report for 18r)7 "To faciliiato the prepayment of letters passing from Canada to England by the Canadian steamers, a new stamp l)earing the value of fi jience sterling, or 7.} pence cu.rency, being the Can.adian
anil
:

Packet

rate,

The article goes on to say, "This stamp was renilered necessary on account of the contract between the Canadian Government and the Allan Line of Steamers in regard to carrying the mails, and by which contract the postage w.is reduced." The other extracts read: "A now stamp has also been introduced of the value J penny to .serve as the modiuin for prep.iying
transient newspapers." " Moreover, the Department has been led by the increasing use of postage stamps to take measures for obtaining the Canadian Postage Stamps

has been secured and put in circulation."

6'.I.V.I/>,I.
iii,'lit

15

spparntp

tlio

on sheets perforated
for use."

in

ic

ll|p|i('I'

"Hil. STO.,"

the dividin- line in the

manner adopted

in

]"nt;laiid,

to

faeilitato the seiiaiatioii of a siii-ie

lltci'

Ixil'ilcl'

of |W(I
<,>iiccu
fraiiic,

stamp from the others on a sheet when rwpiired


1857.
)

piii'tniit
iliiiiii'd

(if

Issue IV.
T/iivu valued.

Dvnl

rcinliii;,'

" CANADA

Trevioiisly deserihed, Imt iiiachine-iierfoiatcd. (lUustnUiuns 8, 9, 13


(a)

ilicd "Oil. HT(3.,"or

Luiti

piijier,

Pirfomtal

12.

(id.,

or curroiiry,
)lnin lines.
iif

dull jnirpk'.

nil

in
(n)

Halklinos,

Chaely-rihlicil thin jMiicr.


I

I'trforakd 12.
3J., vermilion,

id., rose.

liiii'izdiitiil

idrcls; (iiilcr lididi'v


Imi^ 11,

(c)

JFnvc jmpcr.
|

I'crfnralcd 12.
3d.,

12,

l;J.)

Jd., ruse (shade-s)

vermilion (shades)

6d., violet-black (shades).

STEIILIXG,"
Hub-varklij.

Perforated 13.

3d., vermiliun,

Iii:m<irJ,-i.T]iii

Seven Pence Halfpenny,


a

exist

in

the colleetion of

f^recn, and Ten Pence, hliip, pprforatpil, well-known Parisian collector. The authenticity,
lie donlitfiil.

however, of the perfurations appears to


Issue V.

Ist July, 1859,

and 1st August, 1864.

Six
(1;
viz.,
tlin

values.
desi;,'iis,

tlie

Ilalf-

previous
cents.

Printed by the American liank Note Co., and consistinj,' of the slij,ditly iiiodilied in order to ehan;,'e the currency from ])encp, to

nd

otlu r with
.stiini|)s

tiifi.se

two

Illy

notifications of

as the One llalfiienny, save for the alteration in Cu.nt.i. Almost the same desi'jn as the One Cent, but dilferin;,' somewhat in the siiandicl.s, each of which eoiilains an oval, with Arabic numeral

(t.NK

Cent. The same

value.

Two

.s

always

a.s.ii;,'ned
ill

itanip.s,

itc,

the

Cabot.
!

Ifowover,
I.

This stamp wa.s not issued until 1st August, lGt. Five Cent.s. design as the Three Pence, with substitutiim of the new value and numerals of value and small ornaments between the two portions of the inscription.s. Siiandnds cross-hatched. Te.n Cents. Same design as the Sixpence, with substi-

of value.

Same

of

is.sn(i

to

lio

'oriiior

casp,
.oay-s

moro
"it
is

888,

'iiuus Cai'tior,

and
an

iix

Phi'lafo/idt

tution of the new value, and the Roman numeral " X " in each si)an(lrel. Twelve AND A Half Cents. Same design as the Seven Pence Halfpenny of 18.")", with substitution of the new value in the spandrels only. Seventeen Cents. Same design as the Ten Pence of 18.5.5, with substitution of the now value in the oval, and in the lower spandrels. The leaves and beaver which separate the inscription in the Ten Pence are replaced by small oval ornaments. The jjaper of this issue

is givpii,

showiiif,'

varies considerably in substance, and the perforation

is 12.

Shapes; small oblong

"To new
nj;,

imiinoto the
ratp, i)o.etaf{0

rectangular for
{Itltutratiuns
1

the?

Five Cents

small upright rectangular for the other five values.

U,
e., c.,

l."-),

IG, 17, 18, 19.)


(sliades).

were prociirpd

c, rose

extracts
ayniPiit

from the
of
lettPi's

2
.I

(shades).

veriuilidn (shades).

ew stamp
idian
say,

iKarini,'
rate,

Packet

c, brown, black-brown, browii-lihic, reddish-lilac, purple 12A c, green, eniei-ald-greeii (shades).


10
17
c.,

(many

shades).

"This stamp
and
for
liy

Prussian-blue (shades).

Canadian Governlils,

Var!dkii.{\)
Five Cents
is

whicli

also

The Five Cents has been met with imperforate, (d) The known cut in half and used with a Ten Cents to make up the

A now
iiin

stamp has
prepaying

" packet " rate of 12J Cents.

ENVELOPES.
Two
vnhiex.

liy

the increasinj,'

On
1

paper

laid

I'oatrtgp

Stamps

obliquely,
?),

watermarked

"Ca"

aliove

"p.o.n."

(Canadian Post Ollice

)epartnient

in double-lined letters,

repeated twice in each

10
envd..i,o.
l.c

OA.\A/JA.
Sue, ^.J x 3| The staini. is
inchrs.
oinl.,.sHc.l

Yollc.visl, ..,,

.xtculiny nearly

tl.e

lonyth of

lai,

in the

lieadof Queen Victoria to uitlnn a_ narrow oval ban.l

loft in

whit,
in

relief,

inseril.e,!

10TA0E

e.,rnt.r. DcsiKu; l)i,l.,.nu..l on .ronn.l of oli,l .olonr, enclosud Kon.an capitals, in white relief, "ca.nada
>n,

,.1.1.1

up,,er

the

to,,,

an,l the value in wor,l at the bott

Shape of

upright oval.

tan,p, Hmall

(///(w/m//'ww 20, 21.)


(a)
(hi
;itllomli-u-hiti: laiil jitnicr.
|

FUii> ruumlcd,

5 c, vermilion.
(u)

ki

e,,

brown.
than in
(().

0 hluM-vhik

hi,l paper,

t'h,,
|

nmn puinM
lo
^.^^

Varkty A.

5 c, vermilion.

),ri,w

T1I1<;

JJOMINION OK CANADA.
I.

Issue

March and

April, 1868.

SIX values.
T.

priMte.l in tait/r.luwc by th.. r.riti.sh- American r,ank ^ote Con.pany, of Montreal an,l (Jttawa, on white wove paper, varyinff greatly -n .ul.tanee, or on white lai.l paper; white gun,; nmehine perforate,ll2 Des.gnn: The central .leMgn i. th,. .sune in each value, an.l consists of a aiadenu,..! prohle portr.a>t of Qneen Victoria to right, on baekgronn.l of horizontal lines, enclosed w. tlun a narrow circular white line. The border,., the shape of the labels, and the position of the numerals, vary in each value. Shapes, small ..pnght recta,,gular for the Half Cent, large upright rectangular for th other

Seven m/uex.

Engraved

an.l

{IllMtmtkm

22, 23, 24, 25, 20, 27, 28.)


1).
'

"CANADA roSTAOE." "IIAM-. C'KNT," "one cent," " TWO,' 'six," "twelve AND A HAM'." " FIFTEEN CENTS.'
(a) WhiU: ^ C, black. 1 c, brown-red (shades) 1 c, orange-yellow ( ) 2 c., green, yellow-green ).
(

THREE,"

Viivc paper.

3
(i

c, red
c,

(sliuden).
(

brown

12i c, blue 15 c, lilac

(
(

(n)
1

U'hiU horizonhd laid paper.


|

c, brown-rod.

c, yellow.

3 c, rod
(c)

(^^hade9).

]llv lull-white

nme

paper,

0.,

black.

RemarU-Th. One
-Society.

Cent,

yellow,

on

lai.l

paper,

is

It

IS

of the .stamps

various Icttei^. It is probable these letters are portions of the name of the papermaker, which most lik.'ly exists in the margin of the sheets. The Half Cent, on bluish paper, is tak.-n from the sixth e.lition of M. Moons' Catuloyue.

tak..n from Ue Halifax Philatdist for July, 1888, page 74. Some on wove paper have been catalogued with a watermark, consisting of

not

known

to

the

Issue

II.

1870-1874.

Fivevaum. Engraved nn.l printe.l in tallk-dowc by the British-American Lank ^ote Company on white wove paper, varying in substance; white ^i-m

.nacl.ine perforated

12.

Tlie entire .sheets contain

of ten.

The

100 stamps, each in ten rows


stamps, which

size of the

Cent of the preceding

issue,

stamps and the designs are similar to that of the Half except as regards the bor.lers of the

CAXADA.
ally
tlio
:

17

IcDsth of
Diiulciiu'd
L'iu:los(!il

(liffer

for each value.

Tlie Six

Cents was not issued until .lanuaiy, XXVl; while


until the

Draif,'!!
liil

the Ten Cents did not niakc


29, 30, ai, 32, 33.)
1

its appeiiranci!

end

of

1871.

(Illiuitratwiin

colour,
IvUaS,

ilo

"CANADA

c, orange, yellow

(sliiwles),

ipe of slaiiip, smuli

2 c, green, yellow-gruen (shades).

0., c.,

vurmilioii, red, rose, Veruiiliun-red (shades).

brown

(sliiuleH),

10 c, lilac-rose (shades).
Viirictien.

Varklij A.

(a) 3 c, iniperrcjrate. (n) -Ic, perf.

13jxl2.

RamirK-ii.Tho IlaH/ax Ph!lHtd!^l, in its nuniher for Fehruary, If^S', mentions that the Three Cents exists in very dark hrown, almost black. TIk' speeimi'ii
seen
ill

nrilish-Amciican
papur,

was unused, and purchased among others from the Post Oflicc. colour is due to oxidation, or some other accidental cause.
Issue

Probably the chan-e

'Vc
liiu'
iist.s
f

varying
III.

i>L'if(jiatc(l

12.

1875-1876.
last
i.ssucs.

of u Jiadunicd
liui's,

lioiizoiital

Oiw Vdlm. Similar in design to the stamps of the two stamp first npiK-ared on Octol)er 1st, 1875, with large
Issue I.;

The

dimensions, like those of

tlic
u.

shape of tho
Shapes,
for
tiiu

but in March, 1876, the

size

was reduced
is 12.

to that of the stanii)s of

small
oliict

Issue II.

The

perforation of both varieties


(a)

{Illuntratioiw 3i, 35.)

liar

Lanje ske,

5 c, bronze-green (shades),
wo," "thuee,"
(n)

Small eke.

5 c, bronze-green (shades).

iides),
., .,

Issue IV.
Oiic

1877-1880.
I.

).

mine.

Tho Fifteen Cents


January, 1877.

of Issue

).

printed in modilictl colours.

The

perforation remains 12.

(IllustratiuH 28.)

End

1880.

15 c, grey-violet (shades). 15 c, slate ). (

Issue V.

July, 1882.

'

known
page 74.

Half Cent .stamp of similar design to that of Issue I., but of much smaller dimensions; printed ui)oii white wove ikiiwt, and [icrforated 12,
value.

One

to

the

The

stiimp

Sonic

eontttius

was produced by tho same firm as the preceding issues, and tho sheet 100 stamps, in ten rows of ten, as before. {Illustration 36.)
I c, black.

lark,

oonsiHting of
tliu

tho iiunio of
leets.
s'

The Half
Issue
T/iree values.

Cataloijue.

VI

1888,
Cents,
Issue
II,,

Consisting of

the

Two and Ten

and the

Five Cents, issued in March, 1876, with the colours modified.

The Two Cents

British-American
ICC
;

white

gum

pach in ten rows


that of the Half
le

the above year as printed from a die, but on comparing the stamp carefully with that first issued, no alteration can be discovered in the design. (Illustrations 30, 35, 33.)

was described

in

the Philatelic journals of

new

2 c, emerald-green (shades).
5 10
c.,

stamps, which

greenish -grey

( (

).

c.,

carmine-red

).

18

<JAX.\/>A.

REGISTKATION
Issue
I.

STAMPS.
15th, 1875.
Ml/r.,!,,,,,.,
;

November
print,.,!

nnr
al.

valuer.

Kn^.av..,! ,1

in

l,,y

tlio

l!ritil..Aincrican

l.,.nk JNt,. C,.. uii whit.. w,.vo imiH.r;

whit," Ktini

iimuhinc-|M.if,at..,I ]2.
t,.|. ,,..,1

D.M.r,,.
with'

enKino-tUMK.,! rartnur/,,; with


II,

.sn.ll.,,.,.,! ...,1.. ;tt

htt

and

lal.ls

valiR.

fll, at

th,.

lw ,.,uk
""

S,all sfai^-ht

iah..!

ahv.

incril,.,l

lar^c

"caxa..a-"

,M,rv..,l

lal.l

in cw,!,,.,

with "

liiCMSTK.u;,,," a.ul n,alic...

with

cuivcl hihul hiw,

"i.KTTiiii r.\Mi', "

'" "''''^' K'<nian cai.itals.

in tliu ujipui' cunit'r.s.

haiH.,
2
2
,.'.,

iianuw

Larg,. Aialjic nuinural of vuluo hln,!, ivctangiilar. {Il/u.ilraliuu

37.)

uran.vfu-vi.rniiMiin

(sliailus).

c,

brown

(ciriii' /).

2 c,
.'>

vciiiiiHiin-ri/,1,

18HS

(
(

).
).

c, gri'en, yi'llow-Kreon
liliie

8 c, bhie, dark
y<tndii.

),

c,

(,'rcen, iniiicrlorrttc.

7?p/a//x Tho

I'i-ht

iiniicrforatc i

i!'l 1888

T,r'r^' W.th

CVnts was withdrawn frni circulation in January, 1S78 taken from T/w Ilali/ax Philatelist for

i\o'vcn>l.r,

regard to the

much
do

.l-'sputed

Two

.Soe.ety thnik tl>ey cannot

Cents, l,rwn, the n.cmh,.rs of the


h,.re

l,ctter

thati

rcpro.iu,..

imblishud

the interesting article


this stamp.

the abovu-menti,mc.,l paper for January, 1888,

upon

"TlIK
,?""'"
in
)h','.'''lv

CAXADIAX ERROR.
VJi''^"''ti".
i'^

^'".'^ '",'"""
i^'"'"

It

tl'i ti'Hi^

n n>U,,,l,l,. ,i i
1

,;i'; lonht as to
1

"T'i th,;

"''" ''"''"^'"'^
origin,
an,l

l'>'hli,.ations.

As

mentioned frciuently there .seen.s' to bo

as
^

""''^';:;:;!:::; il;ir^.;b,2';,!'K;;'"<},'"""

was in tlie main instrumental in '--^ ^^^^ ' ^^^ . infom^ti^"


I

rogistorcl letter received Xew It liad a urown Two unmistakal.le ,lark brown. I immcdiatelv wrote the pos n.aster there for information relative to them. He ans ai d sai,l that he ha, twenty-three ,m ban,!; that he had or ginally rec fi V rum the 1 o.s Olhce Vpartment at Ottawa; an.l that they were , r,.eive,l them This h,. .state.l positiv..ly. I then sent to bin for th m ""'"*' '"" '""^ "^^'' ^^ "^ '-"' ^'-t i -"i-u on!y

frm frmu Ml cou

Unt

'^""""'^'' ^^'''''> I ''^ '*''o' i' ^t''."r;"'"'"",''^ Ligh liouse l-ost-olli.,., in IJrunswick.

registration s

amp on it-a

,.|ear

"

,owx\S

;i::;u;iJr""'

"

"Th,o stamps

sl,ow,...l

to ,sev,.r,d

i,hilatelists,

aii,l

,.oul,l

n,H -et two to

S
tunc
this

al

\i
..s

IC V o : Kaye came

""'v,i7"' ""'''' ""m

""''
'If'"'
''

''

"'"

'^""

'" '" 'Atmosphere froi,

a,-r,.ss

It

was from the


al,out
to

'''","' ""''""'' J" tl'c meantime Mr. F. C. ^ . another nrgisterd letter with bniwn registration stamn Tl^^

Post-otlice of

fifty were ol,taine,I. The postmaster at this office was do having receive.l them from the IVpartment at ( )ttawa in I r,,w Ihe same ohj,.c ions were raise,l to those as to the others, as to whether they we e genu.no nuspnnts or not. In this .'as,, the atmosph,..re of salt water was m.ttle

ofhc

New

Ross, in

Lunenburg

Xs'

Frim

IK^sitive

colour. It ,s peculiar we ,lo not get more of th,.m. Changes by chemical mea " re aso tr,e,l. The .my thing which woul.l turn the red of tl e ge ui e colour to brown was sulphuric aci.l mixe.l with water, an.l this did not a go..d clear colour, having a somewhat greyish sliade in it.

Xo

Tli,.se

.^e

''""

assurance rr,:;irr";', in i,.gar.l t,. tr""'"'"' their g.muniencss more

s-""sur.-,

experiments
I'ost-ollice

An.i
w..

..ow
a

as

if

't^r ;;:;

lin.l

tliir.I

VAX ADA.

10

with thon.. This was l!,.aly, in AMti,L;nish Co., N.S. Thnv w.mt, hnuvv.r only SIX ivccivnl fi'oni IIiimv. Ih,. |,s|isi,.i. hml tlir samo stu.v as th.' o||i,.,.shc liii.l ivicivc'l them from the Hciiartiiiciit at Utawa
(

in a

lu'own

roloiu'.

"Afl.T
111'

ira.liii-

this,

,|o

Mut ihiMJc

liiiii.ili-Aiiioriunn
ll>.
l)(',sl;,'li:

IJiat

any

icasoMal.ic-niiii.l,.,!

i.,s..n

will

iloiilit

tlicir gi'iaiiiii'iii'ss.

'iHiltcil

"Tho
to
1.0
si'i'ii

mil, iiiul lalii

1.1,

Willi

imiiliiul

"CANADA;"
liil)(;l

Htawa was wiitt.n t,. in n-ar,l (o rxinTtwl, knew nothm- of them whatsofvci'. No ,loiil,t
])..partn.i,.nt at
(

tj,..,,,,

l,t

n,

,,s
l.,.n

if

they

lia.l

tlu'y woiilil

not havi'

liccii

allowed to

Iip

issucl to the

[lulilic,

ciiivml
l)ic

liulmv,

miiinjral of value

'stratiuu 37.)

otl.,s l,av,K t],e,r ,)ml-es thai, myst'lf

"W(. ,lo not ,lony that liino ,lo,.s chan,!,.. th,. colour in stamps, hut with thoso wo .lo not think that it lia.l anything' to ,lo. frirml of l,rs inh.rm..,! us that in looking ovr a lot of ,,1,1 L.ttcrs wlii.-h ]. |,a,l tak.n out of a trunk ami wh_h ha,l not 1,,.,., o,H.m.,l fr s,.v,.ral y,.ais, h,. foiwal amon,- thnn several relsten.,l letters,,,,,,. w,th Ih,. Iwo Cent ,v,;isl,ati,, stan,], ahaost a hiaek, all the

nonnal
1

eolou,'.

With
in

,|,.

hav,.

no

ensi,!,,.ati a,l ,l,.f,,v,,. to l.it,T


th,,s,.

,l,M,l,t

Caniula

Iwo

.nt,

hiwn,

,'ej-istniti,,n

sayin- that it is my (in,, l.lif that stamps are a {enuine ,msp,Miit.


" DoXAi.ii A.

Kino."

The momhers havo not had an opportunity


II

ill

Jaimary,

ll<78.

referre,! to in M,..

Kind's
it

pape,', so th,.y

:lid for
III;

Novciiilicr,

At

exnminin- any of the speeimeiis a. nnahh' to f,Mve nn opinion ,ii,oii them


(,f

the san,e time

shouM he

atnte.l that copie.s of this


;

iiicniliiT.s

of thu
aiticlo

with showing
in colour.

ti'acos of oxi.lation

iiiUircstiiig

stamp are frccpiently met some ehaiiKod completely to l.rowi, or even l,ln.k
l.y

this staiiiii.

may

It seoma theref,irc! prohahle that the specimens de.scrihed he refciTcl to the same eate^jory.

Mr. Kin'^

.'iitioned freipiently

OFFICIAL STAMP FOR RETURNED LETTERS.


1879 (7). The stamp in shape is a large ohiong rectangular, printcl white wove ijajwr, and perforated 12. The design consists
of solid colour inscribed, in white block
letters,

there
in

seems

to

ho

instniineutal in vc thu inforniation

in lnm,-,ln>i<-f |m
,,f

straight

lall

ii'cil

lad
11.

letter received a nitoWN Two


1

"oiFinAt.i.v skai.ki.;" ab,,ve this are

the words "POST

ofhce

(JAVAnA," in a curvcl line; ami below the label "


,M,rve,

deau

iinincdiatcly

LETTER OFFICE," also in a


cajiitals.

He answered and
lily

The

rest of the design

received
hini

fifty

both inscriptions b,.ing in sn.all cohaired Roman is compo.sed of eiigine-tuniing, with orname),ts of
(Illn-ttmliim
;

vero

niiowN Avhen for them,


I received

tref,,il

I'haracter in the four corners.

'M<.)

Without

exprcsseil value

,lark reil-liinwii.

10

thiit

not get two to due to the gum,


atiaospliere from
^fr. F. C.

liriiiail{.<.i:\\K only information the .Society can give almut this stamp contained in an nrtielo in The Uulifax Phllatelid for DiTembn,-, 18,^7, which

is is

rei)ro,liiced lioiv for thi' b,

lit

,if

those

,'ollect,,rs

who

,ay not have seen'

it.

iu,ti,e

ion
IJo.,
i

stamp, X.S.

this

"THE 'OFFICIALLY SEALED" DEAU LETTER OFFICE STAMP OF CANADA.


"While en,leavouring to afl'onl some information about tlios,. intcestin" ail handsomi. ailliesives (.manating only fro,,, the ])ea,I Letter Oflice at Ottawa 1 nMr,vt being unable to give all their history or ch,T,i,oIogy. What is sai,l l,e,e ti,e winter has gaine.l his kn,)wle,lge by observation and exporienco. Doubtless thee are others who can speak of ialtei-s connected with tlies," stamps which the writer knows nothing of. In the first place they a,e scarce, very, which is to be accounte.l for when we consnler the manner of their use. They are never foun.l on Local I)ead Letters, regi.stered or nnregisteivd. What have been seen

From
also

olfice

was

)ttawa in brown, whether tlioy were

ator

was not

the

of their
I

changing

cheniical means of the genuine

lose

did not give a exiieriments as if to i,,ake


I'o.st-oliice

third

here have all come Slates, aii,l always on returned dead registered letters. I di-Jcovere,l the manner of their us,. ,p,ite accid,.,itally. A fricn.l who travels in Canada for a I nited States llriu show(.,l me a l,.tt(.r which l,a,l been n.turncd to his addre^^s in Michigan, a,l which he had p,>sted in Canada for a Cana,lian

from the United

aildress, an.l

r<.<'ist

>red

20
nn.l fnronnio ronnon, miKiliroctiim or
a.l.l.vsH,..l_|,a.l Ih.,.
s,.t,

t'/lXl/AI.

to

wlmt Demi I.H

no(
I

lli.'

I..|t,.f

ww
vh
..

n,

ii

'''''

i.
'"

i!.

Htn

'T

''

Kh:;:;!:;,!^;::;:''"
...

"^""""

;i"i.i..:iir-':.;;E:;i

.iir:,;!;:;;,;;:"

SMLKD DEAD

LKTTKII OKKK.'E.'

i:,:;^ n;'i;s,.'J:.?;:^ri":i:r"!:;iri " " N ANAUA (IH.I(;UU.\


'

"It wmihl bu npproprioto to Imvp

tlio

colour of

tlin

Btiimp hlark.
">.''>.

2,

C.

I>.

A."

ENVELOPES.
Issue
T,n,valH.,.
I.

End

of 1877.
>vithot

On

white

,.,,..,,

1,mM l,|i,,.,|y.

un, .xtan,l,n noarly tl.o wholo l.-ngth of tl. s .,...... the r,Kht uppor corn-r. I...i,.
o

wntormnrk
i.

vollowish

,!,,, .hi.!,
:

pointcl.
of

l,i,,,,,

j,.'.!

eft n. wlnt. r..lu,f, on (-roun.l of solid colour, oncloc.l .u Kou,a cap.tls, .n white relief, "cakada roTAaB" at

't Jlt goo Vict


1

1,-

oval
top,

an.l

inM
val
e
i

tl>e

word,

ut the

and the

bottouK

8hapo of

ntau-p, large upright oval.

(///L^W/J.

39,

iU,

.S'(>e

A.

fij'x3,' imhes.

1 c,,

very pale to very dark blue.


(sliades).

3 c, verinilion
iike
Ii.

.5,''x3,-' i)ic/iM.

3 c, vermilion

(.shades).

Issue IL

1881.
is

respects to tho last issuo, except that the tiap tooguo-shaped, mstca.l of being pointed. (Illu.t.athmx 39, 40.)
all
tih.,i

T,m vuhe.

Similar in

Jo "
I

^I'l

inch.'ji.

c,

liluo (.-hadea).

3 c, vermilii

^-liudes).

Size

I).

,'i,"x3;i, inthts.
(().

3 c, vermilion

Issue III.
"^

1888.

(///l:.;f::j4o!""^
'

'"" '^^ '^"'^' ""' ''-

''^'

'-

'-'-^''^

^"

^""-

Xhc A.
"'
''''X'-

5J'x3,'
I

iiirhef.

3 c, vermilion

().

^V;-.:

;,'.

r),i'x3-',j tWi.i.

3 c, vermilion.

^r*._The
lsm.0

V,

w.t. the

found .added to the left of tho stamp, an,l "n.An QUAnT.n-G3nn H,Kr..s" i two hncs lower down to left. T.ese surcharges are in no way official, bv-^ n.erely ""-no duo to private speculation.
are

wrappers of Is.suos I. and II., and the cards of are frocinentiy met with, with the stamp surehargo.l in ml, blue, or black word 'oKKu.,A,," or "hkhvck," and son.etin.es the anus of G, t
Brit^^^

o.nvelo,K,s an.l

\|tiu.

t.'AXAltA.
Ill
'',

31

t ilcliviTccl nil iM'iiif,'

tii

piirty

il

LcUcr
it,

Ollici'

opened to Ciowii
Issue
I.

WRAPPERS.
May, 1875, to end 1881,
wove
iiinvaleriimrkeil

'S., mill
iicil

tlicii K'lit (III

mill cxliiliitcd
Till'

Ow
inelies
11

vulur.
i.i

On
top,

lij.lit

Imir ami yell,,wisii.|,it,;


ri-lit

paper.
ii

itiinip

inipie,Med

at the
;

nide of the wrapper, ahout

iiid

printed in lirowii,

two and
of solid

lialf

fnmi the

I)e,si-u

Diademed

I'ANAIIA OKKldiAIJ.V
hlarh;
<>.

piolile of t,>iioeu Victoriii to riht \\\M\

hai-kKioMiid of

horizontal

liiic.i,

eiielo.sud

within

lui

oval

l.aiid

colour

contained hetweeii two white

liiicH,

the inner one of whieli

ha.s

ornaments running

round the central


C. V. A."
Hniall

oval.

The

liaiid is in.scrihed in

Roman

eapilals "canaiia

mistaok"

2,

above, and " oNli cu.NT" l.elnw.


eircles eontainiiij,' a

At

citlier side,

between the two

iM.seri|.tioMs, arc

circles are conventional


cross,

fancy Arabic numeral of Value, Altove and below the ornaments, and beneath the bottom ones a small Maltese ShajK) of stump, an uiirisht oval. The wrapjiers are xmiiim^d at the reverse

ntermiirk
piiiiited.
1(1

yullowish

side in a straight line ulon;,' the lop.

The

},'um

used

is

brown

or white in colour,

The

and the
staini)

ipiantity

of C^iictm Victoria

wiajiipers

employed varies ^icatly are known, {n/iix/niliuu 11.)


Ste A.
I

in dillurcnt si.cciliiuna.

Two

sizes of

tli

oval

band
tlie

iiiHcrilHMl

i'i''x.'>

inchcu.

up, and

value

iii

C, dark blue.

UHnlruliunn

'3'J,

10.)

tshe

11.

11x5 7WiM.
c, blue
(li(,'lit

(Kml
to (lark).
left.

1881.)

Varidij,

With

the stamp priiileil to


1

(May, 187H,)

c, dark blue.
to left
is
is

nriii'ir/.y.Th-

M. Morns'

Ca/al(HjHe,

band with stami. where the si.e

taken from T/tc


-."JO

Hij-di

Edlliim of
is

given as

x 105

mm.

This variety

unknown

to the

members

of the Society.

Issue
Bpt that tlie

II.

1882.
or cream-coloured

Hap

is

One

value.

paper. Si/;e, inches, varying slightly in the dimensions. The stamp i.s impressed in a similar position to that found on Issue I., and the design is a
(>liudes).

On 11x5

liyht

buff,

straw,

wove un vatcrniarkcd

niodilication of the type of that issue.

The

principal alterations

made

are found

These have now no while those at the bottom, with the Maltese cro,s.ses, are ; replaced by other conventional ornaments of a diilerent pattern. The central oval of the stamp has no ornaMients running round it. {I /I net ml ion 12.)

in the circles at the sides containing the

numeral of value.

ornaments

at the top

i-osy-wliite

(a)

in

tint,

Uii light huff paper.


1

(u)
i

On

straio paper.
.

c, pale blue.
|

c, blue (shades).

(c)

On cream

paper.
>).

ion

(1).

c, rdtraniariue (shade

Issue III.

1887.

.,

and the cards of


of Groat liritain

rod, Idufi, or lilack


s

cream or straw wove un watermarked paper, of the same dimensions as the preceding issue. The design of the stamp is once again modilied. It is more like that found on th(! wrapiier of Issue I., but there is no wavy lino round the interior of the oval, and the numeral of value in the circles has a white
vuliw.

One

(3n

-GSuri niKLEs" in
nfficial,

line at either side of the ligure.


(a)
1 e.,

{lUuntratiun

i:i.)

hv* merely

On cream

paper.
1

(n)

(Jn straw paper.

ultraniariiiu (shades).

c, ultramarine (shades).

V.\ V.l/>.l.

OFFICIAL WRAiPPER.
on,
to
,

./.

>.mM.ilMK "f
III..

thu wmpiH.c f
thivc
lin.M
;,,.

IsMu
fllws

r.,
:

thu

Ui
ill

Hw
Mist,

A,

will,

ms,.n|,t,un

Htaiii|.

in

"imam,
in

iikvkmk,

CANADA,"
Tln^rf

fmicy
tall

IfttiTM,

with

Llipitui

illilii.lH;

Ki.,..,li,|,

"WKKIIITH

* .MKAriUltKH
italiu .L.tlcr-.
h......i1

SKHVU'E," in
I.

thin Unmii

.:,|.italH;
lii.
i.

lUM,

"

(>Jli''i'</

V,Whi>;"

an mnanimtal wavy

l,..tw.M.ii

11..

liil

an<l

seciM, and
l.y

aiM

lm.l

liii....

Luwor .lown
is tlio

to loft

tlu, w,.r,l

"to," fullowiul

tw nilcl
on
of
ll.r
aial
th,.

tiai;.hl

Im..., tl. l,u.,iii

n.. liHiiK Hoin.Mvlmt .slt.T lliun IImull.i'.

ilHunill. llnsr lin...

int tho a,l,l,VH

fnllwinj. nnti,,., "Tl.i. l,aiM

is

to
l.ut

1.

i,H,..l

H.TV.

Mair.styV
a.l.hvM."
pir,
...lili.-

only,

an.l
tliu

ni.ist

havo

no wiitin^ lln.n.on
ciuivali'lit
tl...

tlic

naiiir

At

tlir

top of
"
'"

wiappiT the
TlK.

I'V.ilich
iH

tlans|ati,.n

iv".

Mliaik'

T''!'^

uhol,. of

kw'n.l

,int.,l in hhu.,

of

lij^hl

than the stamp.

{lllH-<lntt!,m

H.)
c, ilaik MiU'.

lli>mi,U~T\w
8ur.har..(l aiross

or l.lue ink.

of Issues I. and II. aro foiin.l with the sl.mip the ..fntiv with the wonl "oi'I'Iciai," or "hkuvicu," in hhi.k ,See the iviiiiiiks appen,le,| to Issu,. III. of the
eliVeh.pes.

wiapp..|s

POST CARDS.
Issue
I,

June(?), ipvi
l.y

n.
of

m/....

I.esi.,.,l

,1

,,,inte,l

the

Company upon
IMscnptlon.

IJlitish-Anielican

liauk
,.^

Nolo
,.,^,^

li^ht hull
I'llst,

eanl;

si>,

.,^1.;,

i,|,.,

^,

t,,.,

^^^.^

AnDKKss ONU- TO

"CANAMA winmcN ox

fOHT eAKh," in Koma.l eapitrls; se..,,,,!, rins .s,i,," in l,loek h.tteis. Lowe.
is

"Tins

hire n>le,l lines, ,liminishi^, in h.nj;th,an.l the lirst aney .script tyithe la.st lin.. ami the

,lown are

hea.le.l l,y

Hetween

the word

"to"

in

the centre

..

IlntLsh-Aiiieriean liai.k
,

Xote

^M.. The stamp I. the ri.ht upper rner. \.c*.na toM.d.t, upon .round of horizontal
surrou..
lies,

frame at the bottom of the eani, Co., Montreal ami .ttawa," in small
(

l,e..i,n

Diademed

heu.l of (.M.een
circle,

liiie.s,

within a dotted

.d

hy an ornamental frame.
each
th.. is

which

is

and
_

in the cc.,tre .

tl.cle.

cn.ls,

.ns,.r,l.cd

At he bottom "one
;

of

The corners are lilkd in with horizontal a small tridohed (l.ure with three halls within a stamp is a straight laliel of ,sli,l colour, with roun
' I

ac.Nr,"

in

>n

.apitals.

en,,ncdnrned fr..me size, n x ineh..s. Th.. iiis,.ription and the khel of L,,. at the hottom of the stamp are in darker .olour than the rest of the design. TIkcanls an. separate, on th.. sh..et hy thin ....loured lines running the w!..,le length
of the canls.
(Il/un/ratiim

The

canl

is

comnlete.l

1,y

H.)
1

c.,

pale

t.)

dc.'p hliic.

Isstib

IL

1876.
)),jtt,.m
.,f

Onovuhw.
IS

'.

.;.a'

.o is

I.,

hut the inscripth.n at the


C...,

altered

th..

car.l

to

.tk..
.!.,

.|,

,..,

Dank Note
.

s..parated
cards.

on

Monfval," and the cards are

-,.,;

I,,

hort lines .i
1 c.,

{IilustKi'i'n,

W.)

,Ln,r at the centre of the shies of the

pale to deep blue.

ih

r.i.v.i/>.i.

n
1877.
l!riti.-.li.AiiH.rii'an
Ih,.

iMue
Oh.'
i/.i'

III.

iHt January,
l.v

rh:

,'si;-ncd

ami

|aiMl,d

l.aiik

Not..

A,

with

iiiMi

rj|>ll<<n

^'""'""V
liricH

r-*!,

"iM.AMi IIKVKMK,
*

at

thi'

"WKKIIITM
rii/ar,"
ii.^ciJii(l,

MKAilltKM
.IcttiTH.

'"l"'';'"'

"'

' " "J^l" '"'"' '"''; -iV". I.' iiHlii's. The iiLiription is in fr top of the card, Kir,!, ",sssu., x.^t i.m.i.," in on,,ntal Kmnan " in italic Ijomaii ': "''"""' "';" 'l'i"l. "'M'K"' KIN capitals,

in

iiulii;

f.mith,

"rm.:

ahmukm omv,"
is

.Ve.,

in

l,|oi

h'llers.

Lower down "ro,"


III.'

i,,

iiiiil

ki'ciiikI

mill

Hcnpl type, mid three dnlled lines (or


'"'ttoiii,

fancy

III

Iilress,

At

ceiilre of tile

card at the
"

>l
'1'.

liy

twd
mi

nili'd Mtriiinlit
llicxc
Ii||l.'r4

in
in

small type,

' llrilish-Ameiican
rner.

Hank Note

Co,,

Moiilreal

The

lil'llcilllr

slaiiip

is

the riyht nppei


Uie
c.r.
I

Design..

T
losed
is

lesion resemhh's the s'tanip on

iiscil
II'

III!

.Miiji'sly'H

Issiie T., l.nt

coniainiii^; Ihe

head

is

em

hy

a plain line.

The corner.
The frame
of

iiiiiiir

mill
tilt'

iiililrcM."
jirciiMliii;,'

"''" 'l.llcieiitly lllh'd in.


^'

and the lahel of v.dae


"f ll.ree-ipiarler disc..,
size, (;>, x
0;>

mm,, or.mmenled.
lai'Ker

iitiiiii
I

(if

"^'

'"

'""il'''"l

will,

orn;

nis o| a dilleicnt
.\)

in bliio,

uf a

lighter

nature at the four corne,.;

inches.

Ulhirhalim,

c.,

yelln-..iv,n (diaile,.).

Issue IV.
iniinl
'!

July

(7),

1870.
last

with

the
ill

sliinip

Ono vah.
inscriptiiai
...STALE

Similar

in

all

le-pecls to
is

the
in

"HliUVICK,"

Muck

and stamp.
r..sT ,'Ani,," In typ..
1.S

The
oach

inscription

is,sne, except nn roKards tlio three lines, as follow,.- 1st "union-

rllVl'lojMJH.

UNiVKi,sKi...F.,"

Word commencing;
capital.s,
3ril,

^vilh

Kom.in
of
.Vc.,

caiatal

.'ANADA
lu
liH'Kcr

Hmnm.

ihe

initial

letter

.'a.'l.
(,,

wonl

l,..iJ
l,.t,,,.

than the rest;

"tiik A.n.iirxs oni.v,'

Ihe stamp

|,i,k

larf,'i'r,

aMd ahove and helow the


colour, inscrihcd
l.ihel

circlo .MintainiiiK th.' "

head are

arched lahcls of
Koiiian capitals.
Viiu'iiumi
tlii^

snr.ll in

..olid

"i'anada" and " iwr.'Ann


the value
is

rcpectivdv

The

.'.mtaiiiii,

larger,

and

tli,'

Hunk
ail'

Xntc
liiu'N

the design

remainder of

is dill'erint.

(f/tiistm/inn Ki.)

lii|i

twii

i c,

ycll(nv-.;i'ceii (shades).

ipiti:!s;
'in,

si'i'iiiid,

"tiik
lire
ill

Liiwi'i

ilciwii

Issue V.

June, 1882.

liy till'

woiil

"lo"
till'

111'

liotliiiii

nf

raid,

ami Ottawa,"
iili'iMi'il

in

small

lii'ail

of

(jtiii'iii

lottutl
-il
li

cil'i:lr,

which

is

Imiaeased upon light huff card. Size, .T,V- x 2^% inclios. At the top of the card is an archd scroll, inscrihed "ian-ada post f'Ani.," in coloured Komaii ,'apitals; ami helow thi.s, in a straight line measuring -J'.' inche. "tiik AimiUiSS TO nE WHITTEN ...v this si|,|.;," i,, Mock letters. The stamp, type i.f that on the wraiMinr nf Issue II,, is phiccd iu the
right

One

value.

upper corner.

in

with

The

..ird

is

liiirizontal

without flame.

(If/iii/mfini,
1
'

47,)
c, ultram.irine
- ''I'"'

tlui'i'

lialls wilhiii

a
I

(liailes),
(

cdloiir,
is

with

ii.iiii

).

coiiiiili'tiMl
till!

liy
\

Mil
,',1^

lid
!t

lahcl of
dcsiii;n.

Issue VI.
Iho rh,o.
I'rinted

1888.
la,4,

of the

Thi"

lili^'

the whole

I
lciij,'tli

upon

light

hull

card as

hut the staini,


I.s..ue I.

is

n'placed hy

one of the ..ame type as

tlial

found

..u
I

the wrapper of
c.,

Mae.

UomaH.-^.~nn. cud
third .supplement in

has

l,ee

s,.ei.

hy the Society.

It

is

taken from the

M.

Mo.'ii.s'

Catahigue.

Issue
ic

bottom of the card


aiul
till'

VH

1888.

"

One ruluK
i^tanip IS
direction.-.,

cards

aro

u of

the

silk's

of tlio

Improased upon light Lull' caid, like the previous issue; hut the similar in type to that found upon the wrapiiers of Issue
III.

The

line of

"TiiK Ani.iiKss to

v.v.

wiiitte.v
1

,..v

{I II Ml ml Ion 48.) '

,,,/,, c, Mile

this sidk," measures only 2? inches


V

(shnilcs),

a'

CAXADA.

s
,..
1

varictTorurot

z^ 7 ^c:::
,;
..s

7\

''T\
'..

"'

''"

""'""''''

"'"""'''

'^^"-'-'^

-"thev

"^ ^^^ ^^^"

^^ t.. t.,,, of '" I'lii "f " IAN-ADA POSTAGE." Tlip rci)Iv fimi

:;t %t''^^'-

u. ...

of tla.o canls

known

to the Society, an.l their exi.sten<:c l.as .i... l.eel. .lenie.l.

REPLY PAID CARDS.


Issue
I.

December 20th, 1882.

Precisely sin.ilnr to the sinj-lo card of Lssuo V, except that the con half ha. the wonl "nKP.v" in block letters heneath the . r. 11 .. are fohlcd alon. the to,, and the design i. in,,re..e,l upon the f.r.t and third

Oue

vaJne.

'x

^..

c.

c, slate-blue.

Issue

II.

1885.

1 c.

c, slato-bluc.

Issue in.

1888.

06 te

Cori-esponding in

all

respects to Issue VII. of t!ie single cards.

''"''

th'd

lis

""

'"''

"''
1

^''^'

'''^'^'" '^

""P--^^ "1-

tl.e lir.t

and

1 c.

c, greenish-black.

OFFICIAL CARD.
""^

r.JJ"\^ .?.m the amval

'"',

^''''""" ^""''^' ^''''^ O^/^'-" f"i' "! "'" "otifyi-'S to the of a package liable to duty. notice fonn is prh.ted at

Id

Jiand.

i-- '^'' ^- "- 1-ticulars l^lt^f ;";^''"''\r"^ The face of the card has nothing whatever upon it.
Without expressed
value.

to

inserted

"

Black on

buff.

i?,-^-,s..-The cards of Issue

oPncA.

or

V. are met with, with the stan.p surcharged


but, as stated in the ren.arks after
official.

Knv.CE," Ac. &c.

he envelopes, the surcharges are in no way

^ssluTr

rart/.i
t

(Icpcrilipil

another
slam})

tho toi)

of

tlie

STAnu."
II

Tli(>

reply uanl
Ni^itlier

ill

Uie stninp.

has .since iieen deniuil.

NEW BRUNSWICK.
sue v., except that tlio

h the scriilh
ho
first

The cardy
thinl pages.

and

PRELIMINARY NOTES.
BY
E. D.

BACON.
45'.')'

re iniprosseil in

the left

IST^^-o -L^ 67

^'^^ '^''''^^'^*^^^
5.3'

''"

"''"'''''^'^

between

and 48"

5'

N.

lat.,

and

G3'47','in.l

W.

long.

it.q

area

is

about 27,105 s-piare


Brunswick, in
tlie

milo.s.

It is

Nova
1763

connected with

Scotia

by a low isthmus.

Xew

early part of the last century

I.

of the single cards

ers

beneath the

scnili.

sed

upon the

first

and

M-as called by them \ew France. At the peace of lirunswiek, with the rest of Canada, was ceded by Franco to tJreat Britain, and was annexed to Nova Scotia until 1785, when it ^ras erected into a separate colony. It was first colonized liy IJritish sulyccts in 1701, and in 1783 by disbanded troops from Now England.

belonged to the French, and

New

Wo

learn from the following notice, wliiuh appeared in The Itoi/al Ocao/fr,

published at Frcdericton,
introduction of
of that year
for

New

Brunswick, on Septomber

10th,

1851,

that

the

postage stamps into this colony took

place

on September 6lh

notifying to the
is

"NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.


SUPPLY of POSTAGE STAMPS lias been received from England, and will lie on sale at this ollice on and after Friday next, the Gth Septemlwr. Tlicy are of the respective colours and values as under viz.
'^""'e*
.

form
!ars

printed at the

"A

to

be inserted by

yellow the

stamp surcharged

i'i"'(

... ...
; . . .

Three Pence.
Six Pence.

One

Shilling.

rks after Issue 111. of

"Supplies will be innncdiately forwarded to all Postmasters throughnut the Province, and through them to the Way Ollice Keepers, from whoni the
Public will he able to obtain
re(iuire.

them

at cost prices in

any quantities they may


/cice,

"N.B. The

postage stamps should be adixed to the

or direction

Bide of the Letter, at the right

hand upper corner.


J.
is/

"(Signeil)

Howe,

Postiimster-llenend.

"General Post

OFriei:, Sr.

John,

SVplcmhn;

IS.'il.''

interesting as proving

Besides giving us the exact day the stamps came into use, the above notice is which shade of the One Shilling was first issued. One
rail

stamp.'* of this value j,hil,; as ollieially designate.l, Imt pinkish-mauve; ami these were undoubtedly the stamps referred to in the notice, while the darker shades of mauve, or dull vhdct, are those

wouhl hardly

any of the
a

the majority of tliem are

of later printings.

26
Tl,,.

iVA'ir

JiiirxswicK,
(;,, ]!ritain for
f, 'irn'

R.port of

,1,,.

]-nsl,nnstr,..(;,.,H.ral f
r,,t,.s

Mill, a
'1

l,s(

f Ih. Postal
It

U'u imm<

of ||.(;lv in

at

iMislai^c staiii)is.

the time of the introduction

say.-

''In

l-'^-J^

an,!

LS51

measures wore-

.sucvo...siv.Iy

inlrn,he,l

I'^tabhsliiiaait ol a

lr

low

the

rate of iiostaj^e.
. . "

On
And
..0

r.ell(TS

Above
on,

not exceclin- oz. A oz. and not exceeding'

, '
'

;j,|

t,z.

J;,|'

3.1. bcin,L;

char-od

lor

every additional

i oz.

"There
^

is

,,n

;M,ve,.ed a.

M.

are cnijiloyed.

additional el,ar,'e of M. (li currency each on Lelter.s () ,rhn and iMvderieton, the only places where let.er carriers

"Newsiiaptrs are conveyed


"

free.
i.

On

Books, &c., the charge

as follows,

prepayment

bein,^

con.pnlsory
7J,1

For a

sin-le volume, not exceeding i lb. in wei"lit


lb.

Above 4 Above 1

lb.

and not e.xceedin},' 1 and not exceeding 2

lb. "
lbs.
.

[^

"

j,
." _'

g,,'

gs.'

ea.'

And

.so

on, according to the English scale of weight."

Mr. John Howe lield (he position of Postmaster-General until May 3011. IS.IG Md,on an Act eamo into force which made the ollice a political one. Mr. Franci^ ll.ehm was then appointed in his place, and Mr. Howe became Postmaster of
,s.,
]
,

<m June Ml,


res.gne,

.nd was succeeded by


IS.',,-^,

.Mr.

John Mercer Johnson,

on

jun.

The
Mr.

latter

--^''vend.er Jnd,

vs..ned on
1 hn.r

May

19.1,,

was the

w],en Mr. Charles Connell to,.k olli.;.. Mr. Connell 18,i0, and was suc^ceeded by Mr. Jan.e.s Stea.ln.an.

Po.stn,aster of f.-rederieton during these

AS

and

a c

J K.ng ,s the present Inspector of Post-oliices, and Mr. E. Willis the mster at St. John As many eolleetor.s are aware, all three stan,ps of the iirst
(Stephen

.several future years.

Mr
Posti.ssue

found cut

Ihree lence

and tho

S^
T

conjunction witl, a whole Si.x Penn to nuak^ rae of 7^1. I have been unable to hn.l any olbeial' notice in a,a.,e autl.or,z,ng the use of any of y these n.utilatod stau.p. l,ut ... n.terestn.gart,ch, pubhshed in ri,c PlulaHic R,.-or,l for October, 1880 eiearly shows the rea,son for th.. bisection of the Three Pence. As the article points out no half ,spee,n,en of this value is known used by it.self, but, tho variety .s always found obht.Maled in connection with otl.r Three Pennies or a Six P..nnv stan,p n,,. |,ape,Mhen goes on lo say the ],alf s.an.p was used to n.ake up the h.tter rale to Lngland, which was (id. ste.ling the ounce, eoual to T-d <M.rren,.y, or for letters forwanh.! an the United States Jnd

u ed as a

and ,,ed for half their original values. Tho cut in half, parallel to one of the sides of the stamp; 1 enco ex.sts divided into four cp.al triangular pieces, each part hei,-: ree Halfpenny s,an,p, in
is

two,

d.agonally,

also

known

up tb

postal

Lo,

>-

liritish

I'acket,

.^te..l,g,

e,p,al

to

lOd. currency.
''^'

have found out

(hat

the f,.,aer rate was in


-'"^' """' l"'"vi'ms to

will,

rate came ii,to opcalion on January ls(, 1S57 l!esid..s the England, we learn from the following notice', published in Th. J^a/ Oa,,ie for September Ifitl,, IS.";;, that two f the new rates on Pamphl.'ts ...<'..tu,ned theren,, could only be made up by using half (he Three Pennv stanm
letter rates to

irf?!" that (latr. "'^.i^^'^ The latter

''"'- '""^

'^ '""' '""'"''''>

'"^" '"

"-

some

of the other values.

'

.v/;ir
ill

isiiUNswnjK.
I'L'libU'.

27

for LS;")? fiiniislifs iis

tinii'

of the iiitroduutioii

"XOTU'K To TIIK
"On
a,l after
tli,.

first

,lay r Octol.er

on lamphL^ts sunt ln,m


iiilniiliiifil

New

next the Inilowin- will be the rates


t,j

Bruiiswiuk

tJreat liritain, viA llalilii.x


;j,l.

vi^.

for

tliu

For a
For a

I'a.ket, not e.veeedin;,' 4 oiniccs in wei-lif,


I'a.'ket e.\cecilin-

Sterling, iA. Currency.

bterbn;,', 7*,!.
.

4 ounces au,l not exceedin- half a pound, Ud Currency.


an.l not

(i.l.

For a I'acket e.xceclin- half a pound


hterlnij,'. Is. ;id.

exceedin- one pound

Is

Currency.
not exceedin- one pouiul and a Currency.
an,! an,l

For a Packet exccclin- one jHjund


tMcli

on LotU-rs

hall, is.

(l. Stcrlin.i;,

Is.

liij.d.

liore lotlur carriers

For a Packet excce.lin- one pouu,l and a half pounds, is. Slerlin.L,', is. (i,l. Currency.
An,l
.so

nut excce.lin- two

ha
bDing comimlsiirj-

on increasiuf. seven pence hallpenny Currency lor every additional pouml or Iracl.en of half pound. From the same ,lale printcl or

lieyulations of the Colonial iJook Post.

"(Si-ncl)
.

Is. 3,1.

.1.

Jr.

Johnson,

.Ir.,

I'o.lmader-Gciicml.

2s. 6(1.

"r;N|.:i!Ai,

I'.isT

OrncK, F'roN,

Uf/i

^pL, 1857."

until :\riiy 3011,, ]85G,


iciil

one.

"Sir.

Francis

Ijocanio
'Plic'lini

Postmaster of
ri'sii-ncl oWU-,:

Tin.re is no stipulation that th.. ab.v.. rates must n.^cessarily be pr,.pai,l an,l have no ,ubt fron. the Cdlowin, notice, which was published in th /y J,.lal Ln,.l. for October 1st, 18.59, that eorrespon,l,mce between the Unite,! K.n,do,u an, all th,. North An.rican Cd.mies was fre,p,e,dly forwar.led ei wholly or oidy partly prepai.l from both si,les.

iliiison, jini.

Tlu; latter
yir. Coniu'll
Jfr.
year.s.

"NOVA
"Lettkus
u
ot
.pa..l,
(id.

SCOTIA, N1-:W BRUNSWICIv,


for

xk

AND NEWFOUNULANU
if

oili.T.

Nova

Scotia,

New

liruuswick, and Newlmnllan,l,

Stoadinaii.

A. S.
Jfr.

or n,su luaently prepaid, are

p,.te,l
I

oral future

each

m a.lditi.ju
""

now charged on

,leliverv '

,h a

t,i

the posta.-e."

ne

Mr. K. -Willis the Post-

tamps of the
ho

lirst

issue

similar noti,.e ha.l pr,.viously appeare.l in

th,.

/'./,,/

,;,i,l,

with reference
l'""'-

original values.
siikvs

Tlio

'""

'"''''"'""'

of the stani]);

KlwanfMam;
This
a,l,lition

'"'" "" "'

""""""""

"''"' '"^""'^ ^"^

liecos,
Ic

each part being

Si.x

Penny,

to

make
in

any

oflieial

notice

uitilatud

.stamps;

hut

unpai.l or insuiliciently pr,.pai,I letters wol,l naturally cans.. sen,.rs to be anxious to see their ..orr,.s,,on!lem.o pre I s an,pe,l, an,l eonse,,uently a ,,oo,l n,any n.or.. cut stan,ps wouhl be r,.,p,ir,.,l .f,,,^ the appearance of tln.s notice, which no ,l,a,bt was

of a

lin,.

,d'

Cnl.

upon

publish,.,!

in

Octolier, 1880, clearly

he same as ,n th.s
of
l.,.lf

counf^

We

New

Prunswick

sh,ud,l ,herefre exp,.ct to


(),.t,d.r
1st,
18.-,!),

,in,l

As
self,

the

ai'ticle

point.i
.late.

Three Ponnys postmarlaM after

a ,r,.ater

nund.r

but the variety


or a Si.x ]'i>nny
to

As

regar,ls the bisection of the ,Six


;

.-,.

no

-'iniies

he san,e rai.on .IVfro


th..se

as

useil

make up
to
7,1,1.

ounce,
1

ecjual

Pritisli

Piicket,
rat,'

8,1.

former

was

in

ioiiie
t,

time previous to
Desiiles the
T/ii> li'ii/aJ

1857.

blishcd in
rates

on

Pamphlet.s,

Tliri'e

Penny stamp

olliee, th,.y
I

th,. two other .stamps nnVht b,. similarly by tl.m tlu.y r..,pdr..,l ^t the m.u f mi mnufa, ur,.. ,t out of e,th,.r the .Six Pen..c or On.. Shilli,, (,,) Or it may l.'. thi ..U -nan. Post-o,li..os fell sh.a^t of Thr,.,. P,.nny au,l Six Pe m- stamp , '> th,. halv..s .,f the two bio,,,,, ,,,, ,,,,i,.^. ,., ^^ ^;,^,, JJ.ue.l U e,u,n..l val,. was ,ain..d. AM,a.v..r was the true cause of these vJinies wh,.ther they emanat,.,l fr,iiu tl lulili.. or wi.r,. issu,.,l in this state by the I'ost-

causes: () The useil se, in this his way, wamay have ..onchule.l

both of

than pr,.vi,M,sly t,. that P..ncc an,l On,. Shilling values there but the varieties an- p,.,d,ably ,lue to one .r jl.rhaps ' public .se..ing the Three P,.neo was allow... t
.

'

em ...ph.c,l, ami nt bavin,

th,.

value

an
.M.,

a,l.l

were ,.|.rtainly allowe, 1 by tl ii. postal ollicials to frank con.c,sponili.nce. no further inforination about the half Thre.. P, my stamp sur(.harj;e.l \oinl that found in the articlie in 7V' Philatrllr
U.conl,
I
hi

ive a Ireaily

28
...enUonnl,

.VA'ir

umwswicK.
(1,.

an.l th. p,,na.ks in . sMpplu-.H.Mtary pniHT in journal fo. January, 1887. I entir.ly a,.... with ,1,,.

,,n,1,er

of

llmt

,.ndusion. the writer

'

all

i,rl,alMl,ty th.

vanoty

...

altn...tl.er

"

l,oj-u,s."

At

tl,..

.san.o tin,.,

wc must hear .n nnnd that this is probaldy Id. sterling (all the other quoted n. tns way), wlneh would therefore e,,ual 1^1. curreney,
most hkely he given

and not It is true tlm I>o.tn.aster.Gencrars report for that year .speaks of Id. as the\'urchar'ed h
oa.Ii,

.s,u|rl.,.s.erroru.l.on he says tho charge for delivering .e,loruton anil St. John 18.^,7 was

[ho author

letler.s

in

the towns of

Id.

Ud

ratts beh.g
Id.

as the nearest e.juivalent for IJd. curreney. A-ain "tha wh., the cents i.ssue took place in 1860 no stan.p was is;., any heu. approadnng to the value of ]|.l." i. cpmlly applicable to the value Id., "'"' """''''"^' '" "'" "'""'"^'"'^^' ' ""^ '-"-I "! ,uit ' the em n 1 f'"f. (it tnc I the year tr.r 1803.
list

and

would

the

--rk

The annexed

notice

is

fcund

in

The Royal aa::dh

for

August

3rd,

1859

"Post Office DEi'AnT.MENT,


Fi;iiiii:i:icTOx, Gil, Jnhj, 1859.

.'ulo'led"'

Sf

"

^'

"''

^'"' "''' K'="'"ti"

i^

q'^iiled,

and

tl,

following

"Printed Bo,jks, Periodical Publications or Paiaphlct-s, .m.lor sixteen ounces , wc,gl,t, can be forwarded by P.t in New ]lrun.-ick at the rate ot one ball penny ))cr oniice.
' IVinted M.,ic will be allowed to
pa,ss

under the

through Post in

New

Brunswick
posted

.-.anic

Itegulatioiis as Paiaphlels.

"Pnnted Circulars, Catalogues, Hand Bills, and Prices Current New runswck will be liable to a rate of one half
lollowmg Rcgiilat,ons

to the

penny ea
j

viz.

rbt

,i>.v-t

"The
si.1e s>de

Postage niast be prepaid.

.".^'"'' ".^'"'",' ""'''"'' "' " ^''^'"1. open nt the end or '"."frv" '/' the word 'Ccula,-,' 'Ca.abge,"IIad Bill,' or P.ice Current,' as the case n,ay be, n,ust be written or printed on the face of the Cover ; and each Package must weigh under half an ounce.
; '

"'""'""'- '""'^^^f' '=<""'"i^' into New P,-u,swick the f"':' L,ted .States, Canada, Nova Scotia, or Piincc Edwa,xl be subject to one half penny PosU.ge, to be collected on delivery ^"*'-'y, and must be taxed accordingly.
?' bv Post P,vt"tV by f o.n

Island, w.

"(Signed)

Charles Cornell,

i-.m.g."

postage on the abo^c ntu.st, I think, have been pr..paid in ,onev until th .sstto of the One Cent stan.p in May, 18C0; f.,r it is dillicult to see'h.,w a halfpenny yah.e could have been i,p,.ovise.l .,ut of the three st.unps then current iMyn, tl,.. f,>d,,w,,,gM..,tice, take,, f,.on. /.V,,/./ ^Vav7/. f.,r Ja,u,,.ry 19lh, 18,'^^

The

nc

'^""^-'"^

'"'-

1:; a

-"- -'

;;r:;:'i>;;r
"

'- '-'

'-'"'"^

'- -^^-^ --^.

PARCELS BY POST IN

NEW

BlirX.SWICK.

the 1st F..bra,ary next a Parckt,, not weighing over Two Poun.ls, by ,a,l between any of the Post-ollices in New Brunswick They must be prepal at the following rates by P.,stage Stan.ps only For any weight not cxcecling 1 lb,
II

"From
be

CO, v..yl

For any weight over


" (Signed)
"(!exi.:ai,

.
'.

Is

,3.1
(J.I.'

1 lb.,

and not

exc....ding 2 lbs.

2s!

Charles Cosnell,
F,!,.:ii|.;ie,0N,

]'i>.'<tmusUr-(!ciurut.
IS.Ii)."

Post 0,-f,ck,

.;,nnmn/

VM,

ii-.

NEW
in
till'

URUNSWICK.
new information
I

20
iiave

minilior of
tlio

tlmt

have now exhausted

L'hisioiis

all

the

writoi' cdiiicsi

colletted concerning

to yiiivc iloubt,

uml tlmt
imtlior

thn siimc time

tlic

K h-iU-m
iH't IS

in

tliu is

towns of
truu
tllG

l^il.

It

thp Postage Stamps of New Iiruu.^wick, and I have no further particulars to give youaboutthe8tan.ps i.ssue.l in 18G0, beyond what we (ind mentioned further on in the Soei(!ty's list neithe:- can 1 add anything to the liistory of the Five Cents "Connell" st^mp so carefully related in the paper rei.roduccd from The
;

IMifax

tho mini clinrgoil, but


till.'

(nil

other rato boiii^


Id.

rinhttdist. Th(. stamps of this Colony became obsolete on the 27th of May, 1867, upon the formation of the Dominion of Canada.

cmTCMicy, and
r

would
Again,

IJd. curreiiiiy.

CO no stamp was issued


lilicablu to
s,

REFERENCE LIST OF THE PHILATELIC SOCIETY, LONDON.


Issue

the value Id.,

not i.ssuod until (^uito

September

6th, 1851.

August 3rd,
MENT,
N-,

859

61/'

Jiihj, 1S59.
tl)3

and

following

Engraved and printed in iaille-douce by Messrs. Perkins, Bacon, nnd Co., of London, on stoutish blue wove paper, varying in colour from deep to pale blue yellowish gum, imperforate, De.'iign In the centre, in an octagonalshaped carimtcho, with engine-turned border, is the Royal Crown. Above, below, and on either side, is an eight-rayed star, containing the
;
:

Three values.

heraldic tlowers of the

K'tS

under

.-iLxUrn

ui;;wi(.k at

the rate

in

New

Brunswick

United Kingdom. The upper and lower have the rose, tliat on the left the shamrock, and that on the right the thistle, the rose in the lower star being inverted. A curved white line surrounds the stars, the angles formed by which arc filled in with floral or.iaments engine-turned background. ; Reticulated
side labels,

:iM

Current

i)o,sted

enny each, subject


I

Roman capitals; "postage" in plain block and the value in various type. That on the Three Pence is in plain Roman capitals, and in block letters on the other two values. In the Six Pence both the word "POSTAGE" and the value .show a line of colour down
letters,
letter.

inscribed with n"-ue of Colony in plain

pen at
ice
e

tlie end or Current,' as the


;

value.

tlie centre of each Plain lozenge in each corner of the stamp, with coloured Arabic numeral of Shape, lozenge. {lUiuitraHons 49, 50, 51.)

Cover

and ouch

Upper left border, "new;" upjier right, "DnirNswicK ;" lower left "THREE PENCE," " SIX PEKCi:," ONE SHILLING;" loWcr right, "POSTAGE."
3d.,

border,

New

Urunswick

vermilion

(shades).
(
(

3r

Prince Edwaixl

6d., yellow,
Is.,

orange yellow

).

lecteil

on delivery,
r.M.o."

lilac-maavo, violet
exists

).

OXNEH,

Vandiiin.Thc Three Pence


due

upon white paper,


is

luit

the variety

is

only

to the discharge of the blue colouring .natter ii'om the paper, as the

repaid in
dillicult
i:

money until to .see how a


1 Dill,

never printed upon white.


half the value of the .stamp
foi.

Each

of the values

met with cut

in

stamp was two, and used as

stamp.s then current,

for
<

January

1859,

.so mutilated. The Six Pence is also known divid(;d triangular pieces, each (juarter being used, in conjunction with a whole Six Pence, to make up the postal rate of These bisected stamps were used to 7-Jd.

into

the earliest colony, to

ICK.
lev

Two Pounds, New Brunswick.


only
Is.
:

n])9

;}d.

prepay the postage rate to the United Kingdom, which in 1857 was reduced to 7-^d. and as there was no stamp of this value in use, recourse haa to be made to these varieties. The Three Pence has b( en seen divided obliquely, and surcharged in red " L]-." The same surcharge is also said to exist in black. Neither of the.se two stamps has come under the notice of tlie Society ; but from curtain remarks contained in two articles, which may be found in Tho Pliilatelie Record, vol. viii. pp. 165 and 219, there can be little doubt that the su;charge is "bogus."
;

2s.

Cd.

masUr-dcHtml,

Issue

II.

May

15th, 1860.

Five values.

Company,

of

Engraved and printed in /nille-'/nce by the Am(!rieiin Dank Note New York, on white wove paper; brownish gum; machine

IC

30
IK'rforatcil
ill

.\E\V JJja'.WSUfcK.
IJ,

Thr

;^;|ti'v

sluM-t

,..,.1,

v.ha.

ton rows of ten.

a.nfmn. 100

.stun.,,.,

ammgc.l

Xota Co., x\ew Vo-k

"on tV^

l'

/n

" ^""'

''"'

"American liunk

w
.

]' 1 Aal,,.. nunu.ral of value.

"'''"'' '""' ''""^''

"l'""'toval.s in the

lower

con.er.s

Curve.! octagonal label helow,

with

with

vt"

;;::

':rixii
f
(

tr;;:: ei.;j
i

fiill-fncc nortr.it

v- /

,"

tf
'

"'

iJ' ^

''"

r"

^i^^-w J>mden.ecl, nearly

":?',

'-r^

lieneatli

'"""^S conta.n.ng Arabic


the ov.l

iinmeraLs of value in white.

Mte,.l with.hite Kon,an capita.,

"sli' ^1:
;,,^::;f^'^
'

^Ul^t:^ i::^^^ S!
"^''
';
^^'^>;

^or.er:f;::;o;;;e
Mn,l

'

,,^'i.r'^?
P,
'

''^tchin, an.i

Twelve and a H,] values. (Illudmtwn a Tr.

"i

''""^' m:tansnlar for the One .^" ':'-!"':' '"l'>''''^ rectangnlar for the other three ">3, 51. >>, .^fl.)
'

MiW

URUXSSVICK PObTAGE."

Ij.

"ONK

CE.VT," "l-IVE," "TEN-,"

"TWKI.VE A.NU a HALl'," " SEVEXTEEX OEXTS."


1
T)
.'.,

lilac-l>rown, reddirth-niauve (slia.k's).


( )

c, br()n/c--n.cn, -reen
c.,
('.,

11'

soarli't-vonailiiin
(

12?,

Prussian
l.lack

Muu

"
"
If

\'

17

f.,

Remarlcs,

Tit.

t...

stan,p

was never

,s.ue,.

the public.

In design,

it

is

almost sin.iL

TZ

.\/:]\IS

niiuxswicK.
is

31

100

.stiiiiii)s,

arranged

on
ts

Ten
l^ype.

Ccnt-s,

tlio inurgins of tlio has "AmiTiciin ]Jank

Charles Connell, and the nunnuais

aliiu

and

tlio

Fivo Cents

The

s:

One Cent. Railway


Konian capitals. lower coniorB, with
with "uunt" in with
lino

\ork, printed
ImiH.rforate

replaced by a full face portrait of iu the span.jivls are Arabic, instead of Ron.an in .stamp was pro.bieed by the Aiue,i,,,n l!ank X,.te C pany, of \,.w
in

but the head nf

Her Majesty

Vandyke-brown npo white wov..


exist,

paper,

an,l

perforated
,,

IJ

eopi,.s

^^llit(>
I

but

these

can

be

look,.,l

,.n

oly

proofs.

llic

{Ill list rut inn bi.)

lielow,
'd

in

hatchod
nearly

"A PlIILATKLIC CHAPTKll IX


"Thi.s .stamp has
ser,es of stan.p.s, that

TlllC

IHSTOHV OF
ST.\M1'.

NEW BRUNSWICK.

NTS. 1

)i;id('nn!d,

"TIIK CONNKI.I,

miu
ner.s,

horizontal lines,

npitals.

Small

.slantin-

:iSNT.s"

with white Arabic in white Ronnin


line.s

arnved at as

to

and two onter

of

at .small .slanting oval.s

m
ie

cornor.s of the .stamp

nnnierals of

vahio.

ransvcrso oval, lettered


the
rals
uj)i)or,

was this: Mr. Connell, then I'o.stmaster-Oeneral by a Minute of Council in Decendjcr, 18.59 to procure a new set of postage stamps, which the eh.ug,. in currency renleml nece,s.sary. liel.evu.g that this Minute gave him full po^'er and discretion as t des,gn.s, etc he ordered the plates for the values wan'ted-Oue, F v Ten, an Twelve and a Half Cents; and for the Five Cents had his oun por rait. The
of

T y\v The ay the

^'"

probably been di.seu.s.scl more than any other stami. or have ever been i.ssued, and still a decision has nem''be whether they are ..says or whether any have ever done po a
t'^

^"'".'''' "1"".'"!' *"'"'^

'"^

l''^'t

"">

"-ere in use,

.stamp ongniated

but only for a dav.

Xew

l.rnn.swick,

was

author,.se,l

and larger

of value in white.

I' 've Cents, spok.i to some of his friends about " ". then?, ^nt nt ntu n n of gonig d<,wn to posterity thereon. This eame to
i

and of his the knowledge of the

TS" in
outer

white
line.s of

Roman
colour

ntrait of the Prince of

coloured
'
il

ujiright oval

in

each corner, with

IS.SUO oefore it wa.s .sent out to postmasters for public use. As a matter of they disapproved of Mr. Conuell's design for the Fiv,. Cents, and 1 wa " instructed by he Counc 1 to .lestroy them, and order a new lot with t em'-v the (,)ueen. lli.s Jr. Connell would not do, and therefore rcvsigued. The Five Cents, brown, were destroyed, and .miy the other three values issiunl.

the

cour-so

lid)el

below the
hatching,

oval,

n with

and

tangular for the


r

One

for the

other three

IVE," " TE.V,"


s."

''*'M''''ti'Ji'. !'<- wrote a letter to the Hon. J "'^'ff'./^^''- <r'"""''"'' T AT Manner.s.button, the Lieutenant-Governor of the Proviii.:e, giving his reasons esigning his olhce. He, however, .says that he ,lid not resig:;, on account of the stamp affair, but becau.se he could not agree with the Government evliciuliturc of public moneys, and because he said that his colleagues did not have conh.lence enough in him t,o back him n,. on a small matter that i.s, the is.snin-' ot the iMvo Cents, brown. Through the kindness of a fri.md I have been enabled to see the coinplete olheial correspondence, etc., belwc'eu Connell, the Governor, an,l Conned in reference to this bnsines.s, and am giving them here. Several of the letters contain a large amount of matter irrelevant to the subject in .niestion, and dealing oiily with the political rea.soiis of Mr. Conuell's resignation, ami hese parts not being interesting to the philatelic reader are hdt out.

for

"The

correspondonce

.starts

Governor after they had had the


the .same time
a.s

with the letter of the Conn.il to the Lieutenant^"-uanant


.lesigns submil(..,| to tli,.m.

the

"(Coi'Y Xo.

1.)

Charles Coniiel],
il

who

"Memorandum

his

own

of the E.\ccutive Council iu Conmiittee.


J. IF. T. Ma)nier.-<-SHltoii, !Aent.-llw.,

portrait to

"To
the

iris

E.'a'knqi

the

Hon.

'sting

correspondence
'

dc,

etc.

August, 1888, which and refused to allow

same time
ijcsty.

to obtain

and order t,.' be distributed, OnoV-^nf'T ^"''^'^ '""^ " "''" f-''"' r-'^'^'n"' f"mi> procure, 1 t? Po.stma.stcr.General, P f ?'V?"*' ,"'"' by the au,l we farther a.lvise Your Kv"ell,..ncy to' order a l'?f''^',^''""l',t ';^' ^'"'^^k, bearing tlie likcue.s.s ot the (^een, instcu.l nf the ? iive i;" ot Cent stamp already procured
by Ur. Postmaster-General.
"'(.Signed)

y"'' ENcellenoy to ai,],rove of,

The Connell

red for use, notwitlr

TiLLKY. A. T. S.MiTH.
S. L.

u Jlr. King's article

R Mitch kll. Charles Waiters.


OaVIUWaRK.

haost similar to the

,A ,r "'Approved May , 12,


1

W.
18G0.
J. II. T.

II.

STKEVE.S.

"
'

(Sgd.)

Max.neus-Sutton.'

'

II'

33

^'l:]\

BiwxtiWWK.
2.)
tliu

'"(Copy No.
"Letter from Mr. C. Cnnnell to

U.nt.-dovomor
'"'^

Jiaa the

Your

honor of l.ei,,.- oi. ExcellLiicy.

ur I'-xedluncy Fx [1 v

""' '''"'1 '""" ^'"" T s lulvi.^eis, iil.af lue to

'

iiihlrm,

a
I

the recent net of n.v o,l e,^ ,es crisis, iho want o [ik^ 'ul,.

n
,

M
/,

>H'.-n- on
>

me,

..laye.l

action; Imt
inntler.
'

was anthonzea in

e a'

,''.,''"'

<'"V"""'>'t ""

I.'.'"

l'Vo"Kht
'","1'''''
''^

to

I'-li-Vfl

ninntosof connci,(Decen:;,:r:';.!,^i;t::;s;::,.:t^llj'!'''""'

".r'''^'"^'

""

''""-"

Twelve

IK IIal7SnU-

' "''""" ""^"^ '"^'"'-' ^"""1'^ '

"ne, Five, Ten, and

TTtc

"'No. I. TELEcinAriiic DKsrATCH. Hon. Clmrlca Conndl, JFooihtod-

i..nea'nnt!i'Sl:ri:r
I'i.n.

a::^^:!:^

Ilecan mtallriKht.

'^---'r'-r -nnot t cni"";r s


'"
'''"

he

in'''''^'

l-'-K'^'l'li

"li'"',

"

'

The Hon.

^'

L. Tilky,I-

TELK.RArnic Despatch.

" Woodstock,
'

^'"*'""-'''^'

28<A ^;,n7, 18C0.'

Charles 6'onnkl SELL.

"'No.

3.

Telegraphic De.spatch,

" 'Hon. Charles Coimell, JFooihlock,

can

:;Sr:J

^n^'KSSr!:7in^!^ir'-^-"--^ '"'(Signed),
S. L.

""'

TiLLEY.'

" No. 4. Telegraphic Despatch. ' , , " Vftmcs Hale, Esq., FraJericton " See Mr. TiUey. Let issue of stamp., he stayed till Wc,lnes<lay next.

'

" W00D.STOCK,

28ih April,

iSflO.

^^''^>'

Charles Connell.

"'No.
"

5.

TELEGRAPniC DESPATCH.

Tlie

Hon.

L. Tillcy, Frederidon,-

^
"
'

.nade.

Thought order
28.A

.^Z^^^ ?^ a.i^^&'l "r^


'"
^'

Woodstock.

'"''"^'^^ ^'"'"^="-

A.nl, iscoV'
6.

"'No.
"
'

Telegraphic Despatch.
>""'''

The Hon. Charles Connell,


"'''*

possible!"'
'

'^"^"'^ ""^' ""

"^-^

''\
''

John by Thursday

next, if

Fredericton. 28<A April,

I860.'

"

^^ ^- '^"'''^'

"'No,

7.

" The Hon. Charles Connell, Woodstock '

TELEQRAPnic Despatch.

until'Si 'onS
" FREDEmcTON.

'""'"
28?;,

"^

''^"''"^''' ""'>.l>P''tieB
*''"'^ ^'
^

April, 1800.'

onlered to retain ohl ones ^^""^^ "^^'''

i!^'-^

-VA'II

JIIIIW.SUJCK,
Dkhpatik.

33

"'No.
"'The Hon.
rriiKc to
'It

H.

Ti;lk<iiiaimii(

Chorlen

Cmmlt,

;ro,/,,/c/._
riill

the ftdminisI

lime that
nil!

Ijuve

. ,n" necessary
'

iiliicu

to iidcln

Council to consider claims. 1 hursday evening t furthest. (Si.,a}, " 'St. John, Ma,j -Ud, 1800.'

'^'"''!,"='-"'''*

'^'c l>roniise,l

S.

Voitr nreqcnco L Tm i.n

Midftt

till"

sniiio tiiiio
;

ililiiywl
lii<iiif,'lit

action Ijut nmttcrs to


I

'I'e' "J, fVnd' '^"""""l Cents, T'' brown; and the loll.nvinf,'

W'ls

agreed upon, and disapproved of Mr. Connell'o Five is their re, onnacndVtion to the Lieut -Uoveruor:
"
'

in wliich
11-

Ijclifvi'il

(Coi-y.)

liy

tlif

lolldwiiif,'

" 'fo

//,.,

ExctUmnj

thi

Hon.

J.

A. T. Mmiwa-.^ultoH, Licut-aovernnr-the

One, Five, Ten, and

Cent

,,OHt^H.e Stan,,, to struck, hea.ing tl. likeness of the (.^.tln I ive Cent tan,p ali'eady procured by the I'ostnnuster-Ueneral.

^'1"" *" ''I'l'iove f and order to he distributed n ^\'''4''''''n '^'^;;;''"V"'>' One f Cent, leu Cent, and Twelve and a Half C.Vnt postage stan.ps, ,'.," he Postmaster-CJenera and we further advis,. your 10x,:cllencv o r h'r a
' ;

Fi
1

v
e

i,

hd'

"'(Sigucd),
lal
I

S. L. Tirjjcv.

stamp rannot
S. L. Tii.hKv.

lie

A.

J.

Smith.
^''^''''''-

Hale.

P. JIiTciiErr,. Cii.mu.kh Watteiw

Tilrj-iapli

"

-J/,,;/

m, mo.'
"
'

^^'-

"

'^'""^

\^'^'^-

(Copy.)

'"Letter
.

to

Hon. Charles Council from the Provincial Secretary.

dny
.11

now will nmke staniiw calle<l in.


CoNNKLL.

Uil.eS

directed by His Excellency the Lieut.-Oovernor to reouest von v".' ^"!'~:,' "'A' o dist,.,bute the One, Ten, and Twelve an.l a Ifalf Cent postage stamps 'cui by yo,,, and o direct yoj, to take the necessary steps to'l.ave"stn> k' ol[ a Five Cent stamp, bearing the likeness of the Queen, for future distribution

"'Ilmve.&c&c,
^'"""""'^'

'neITon.C.ConncU,,.c."
'

S. L,

Tillky.

(Cory).

neral Iiere.
S. L.

Hale
1 lesired

TiLLEY.'

"m'^V^"'" ''''''''r' by ls Exce^lc.cy tl,e


i','

leflday

next. RLES C'oNNELIi.

he One, fen, and Twelve to bvke stens to procuie a Five Cent sUuup Ibrlutu.e list',. I, nform his Excellency that I was autlioiiaed, by .Minuter of c'ou last to procure a One, Five. Ten, an,l Twcdv,^,,,ll ,^[
for distribution c'd^s^i^bi^^ir

Mai/, ISOO. "/ y"""' ''"'"'" i'llorming n,e that von have l'e,t Licut.-Oon.raor to re,p,est tl,at I w m d lis ril, ,te and a Half Cent postage tau.ps proc re b ,ue , ,1
,
,

'"Post Oiticr Drpartment, VMh

V,
in I),
,

'wi
,,
1

,i

"^"""-""" "- "0-

iy

^ii-'iii- ^^
"'(Signed},
'

cv r, o<^^a /e sU this oe :j::;;entt::?;?


f

''

''

"

r/ic JTon. S. I. Tilley.

Charles CoNSELi,.

"'(Copy).
'ednesday.
ipli

may
'"''^
'''";':

"'Secretarv'.s Office,
''''

17(/i

Mar/, 1800.

nie as soon as kI to procure new


Sa

CoNNELt.

'7^ ,"! the Lieut.-Governnr you'r letter of *) i-.fl''f the 15tl, mst rohative to the distribution of postage stamps, and I am directed '" to mlorm you that ne has referred it for the consideration of his Council. " I have, &c., &c.,
'

Excellency

'mnon.

C.

ConncU. ^r. ,,,.."-'

^^'"'""'^'

S. L.

TiLLEV.

rimrsday next, S. L. TlLLE?.

if

Nn it}J 7 ha'
retain old ones

MLri,^ Jot!;?c!iSed\oP""""
James Hale.
it is

'"/"l''y.^.^"frk.'"'-ever, that I cannot discover by that correspondence>t was the intention to withdraw from me that supnort in '""^ '"''''' ^''^'' ""thoriJiT'LTt,;;:

';:^^z^:^ u LS^is^sr-"
*'"*"

'^

'''''' '"^ '''''-'

-^

will 'Cli'in"''il'".'}^ wall be reduee<l by the recent action of the Government, as I

With certainty that the revenues of the Department

made

arnu^ei"

:it

mithority

l.,.|.in

tu

ilu.

lii.f

,,

^,i,t

""-"'1
,

mt Ihc l.-tlinmt.

iK.
'-

dn.m":;;;,:n wii'v'

'"'

llie l)..p,.iH,u.iit.

ti;;''!;;?::;!;;,;,;:"^'imtinimna.
-^

:'"

""""'-

,.l|.,.

^^'"t, wi,M net W- lien.liHal

-"'" ""

n.Mtim,e
sul.nit
t..
,

^-.v

to

a,
'

oil

*
'

"'y '^""^"""'"^ ""1 the


,,,1
i '

iM.I>liV,

V nr

K^X^

"1

''

'^

''">;

'

'

"''l'"''^

.opodfully

h.-^-'to

foiiiifcteil tliiTcwilli.
1
llllVl',

&c., &c.,

"(Copy No,
" Momorn,liim
ol
ti.e

a.)

Lieut.-U.neinor to Mr. Connell.


is.io.

'"OovRiiNMKNr H..rHK, Fi.KMKnK-n.N, M!/ 19,

"'(>K"e'l),

J.
,i.f_-

II.

T.

"'

Mannkhs-Hltton.

-^li:

VhurliH Vimnrll,

M.V.p

"(t'orv No.
" Monioraiiihini

4.)

lui tlie E.xeciitive Cniiiicil

""'
.I/,,,,

,,

'

U- T.

!....

'

M..-S,,.

" (Copy

No.

.'i.)

"Memoraiuluni

,.f

the Executive Cnincil in Committee.

"To His Excdlenaj


"
'

tkc iron. J. //. T.

Mauna-.-Sulton, Lieut. .il.oernor, dr.

May

it

plense ynur Excellency,

>.r

:: s,,''s,;;;;:'

:,s':ST,;.'r.c;:r'ir ?' r'. "s""'!

-VAir /uiL'xauicK.
liic
iiiiil

as
rea.soti:f

Wav-iillicc
Icj,'iliiimtn

Hint
iill

llii.
111'

liiuiltd

nr

ftlruady |,rociiri.a liy the Piistiiiaier-llciicral. in, iiotwitlistimd liii>; the other UKsiKiKil liy him, tliu rual kt mnd of his iusij,'iiati(iii.

i'

leliarlineiil.s,

iiiiiltcr, iimlci' all

il

iKit lie lieiiclifini

Without filtering into thr diHcns-jon nf ihc powers of tin illelc'llt lle,ld,-< of we .,l.,,erve thai wi; have im lU-Mtv to limit Imil or liri iimseiilM' Ihi! e^jitimate a.itliorily of the I'o.stma.ter-aeneral, or of the head of any otlier
'

"

imhlie

h
flli'iicy,
Ih
I
I'r.'I

!"',;, ",";'

"VVV""."
111

>'""'

'-^^"''"v
la

"l-n

tl.i'<

Mm'Htio;we have ot
of I'oslaKe Slnuii.H.

tlint

iippioval ol the (loveriior

and 111,, i.iililic, your Kxcclli.ncv'H

Council

re.iuiivd to the

i.-aiie

if^lit'ciriillv Ijc^j'to

i)stiiiaHlcr-(iciu'nil,

your K.MuIUiiiy'H
lie

curreHiHiiiiloiici'

iBLEH CONN'ELL,

lear the likeiicsH of

Her

Maje.sty.

the Ifevtnue of the Po.st Olllce Deonrtment will li,. airected l.v 'n,n of the (Joverniuent that must .lejiend u,,o tl e e.vl' ,t f ..dividual eorre|io..d,n,e, aud we .1,. uot heliuve that thete will be a sin-e letter " leas written iii ceiisuiiueiiee of such action.
;

Wu

rpnnol the a

disc'rii

how

lull.

"'AsM!'
re.sij,'niilioii
i>(

Coniiell

lia.i

uy
I'h
111

obtained your Kxeelleiicy'rt iiermiHsion to

ruihlisli

hl,s

W//i, IStiO.

lie
iif

accfili-s

to
(if

"'(Signed;,

CiiAULKS Ttsnta,
.S.

lis

his (lath

JaMKS BllOWN,

ImH
ilo

L. Tii.i.KY,

ti'iiilcrcil

Ilia

W.
D.

II.

Stkevk.s,

A. T. S.Mrni,
tn
C'li.vfi.

Wauk,

Ills Coiiiii

Watikiw,

P. MlXCllELL.'

s (late,

kiis-Slttox,

"(Cov\ No.
"
"
'

6.)

Memomnduui

for the j<:xecntivc Council.

J'jxecutiye

observi'tiona

Hia K.xcellency the Lieut.-Govenior Iiiui received the nienioraudurn of Hie Council in Comuiittee, in which they submit tu his l^cell.ncv their on Mr. CoiiiieirH letter to lii.s Excellency of the tilth instant.

mt delay
1 Ilia

'""'"
to

to lay Kxcelleiicy

ptlwSuid^doclit;"'
" -May
-llna. I860.'

" ""

"''"^' "' '"^ ^"""^'' '"


^^

''^

'--"^'i

"

'

^"'"""'^

"'

'''

JI'^>'-^^S^"o^

10

oflice of Post-

iioruin;,' liy

Mr.

"(Copy No.

7.)

una-SoTToN.

" Meinoraiiduni for the E.xecutive Council.

copy
30.

the Lieut.-(5ovenior lays before the Executive Council n May lidlh, \m\ which his Excellency has ivceive.l Charles Connell respectiu- his ivcent resiguatiou of his seat at the Council Board, and the ollne of Postmaster-General.
ol a

"'His Excellency

communication dated

l.'om

Mr

iweriior, ite.

'"^"'"""'^
"/,...
2rf.

'

18C0.'

"

'^-

'^I'^>-^-"^'^-^lN.

)ur Excellency
iiaster-deneral, le has aasif,Mied

"(C'i)i'v

No.

.)

"Letter from Mr. C. Connell to the Lieut.-Oovernor.

"'To IIU Excdknaj


as jireparcd to
^VAi

the

Hun.

J. II. T. Manners-Sulto,,,
tliii

Limt.- Governor, cVc

d-c.

the stamps e head of the ite of Council


of,

istage

and order Stamps


Stjimp

'ofltage

e Cent

stamp

23i'l instant appears a ineinoran<la ^^!"i"'' .i"'i^"J'r^"without date, signed by your Excellency's a.lvisers, and addressed to your hxcelleucy in which is reviewed a correspondence, which I had the honour to submit to your Excellency on the liJth instant. The subject-matter of that correspondence must be discussed ut the proper time in another place but as there are several points urged in the memoranda of your advisers calculated to create a lalso impression with reference to my reasons for resi.'nin" mv place at the Council Board, I am induced to trouble your Excellency with this rejoinder
^'"^,
;

f?'"c "t

96

.VMM-

Kx.rlNn.y

, i.,i,,

KivutVnl

St

"'^,

".*'"'-""""l

t,.

ilvi.

Mr. Walk, l, ucTf i-.v-cnt at a ?,.,!,


I

!'<

'*'.""''

"''.Mry, ami

t|,.

|I.

8lat ^-1 .l.at "

nn.l,l no, it

with

l^a

wC nd^l':;:';!';':,;:!:;/

""'^" '""''

P^^'

.imlKiMout.

*'

"^ J'"uuc
'

wui

bu ublo to arrivu ut a correct

"

I Iiiivc,

&c. &c.,

"

'

WouasiocK, aOM

'^'""^'^'^
M,i!/, 1S60.'
'

CUAllLKS CONNKLL.

"((^'orv

No.

f).)

"Mcmorand,,,,,

.,f

the Executive Com.cil i C.m.mittce


J.

'-To II, E.eellency,he Hon.

H.

T.

May

It i.lease

your Kxcellemy,

Manncn-Huito,,, LiaU.- Governor. '

Jic.

rostnm.ster-tJ>.m.ral, intc.uled "I the 2;}nl ultin,,..

n"a

r.
'

'^

""""' '*-'"''' '^'"" '''t . '" '""^ comnuin.cHtion to your Excellency


',

""

" yr"^^Z.XyirA^lir^\J::TT'^ the .licu,s.Mon


tla-

of t1,e r .iKu.iro his policy ,uul act. of hi. l.tte " ea!.

,?''''';','

v'i
i

"o vJ

'";" '>-rPe--.bn,itte.l.o """'*= ''^ " ''-'^ '" "vohl " '^''''^""' ""'"'"'^'y r
"/en

;- In our

for,er n>e,oran,lun,

we

Cent .t.n,. until

after iul'y

^;^

t^Z^ '^^^Z!^:^, cJl^fe,"''"" ^"" ^'a


will

,atod to your Excellency Ihat l;.on.re Decinml l'otl StaJ;,,.,

Mr. Connell

our

rej.ly.

i-xtellLin.>

authorue

the

imUication o/

this

'" (Signed)

CiiAnLEs Fi.sHEK,
JaJIES JillOWN,
S. L.

A. T. Smith,

W.
" 'CouM-ii CiiAMBKii,

II.

TlLLKV, SlEEVtS,

David Wauk, C'lunLEs Watters, Peieu Mitchell.

5lh June, I860.'

"

(Copy No.
for the

lo.)

"Me.noranduni
the

Executive Council,
"' "n.nran.lun,, dated
"'

5u/!;^UnMlrZ*^^m!ve'r?"'T''''?/'''^^''

their re,e.t

.-an^t^rJuhl^ri'ol-'.f^^'lSl^-'l
'"('^'o'"'-^'')

"-nlance

witll

"'Jiou;

m, \m:

J.

n. t. MANNEns-SunoN.

A'A'ir
II'

liitrsswiuK.

it

rcnl

roonnn of
U) iiilviwi
I

riii'iit

llCIIICllt

IllllHt

"(Cdl'Y No,
".MiiiiiiiiiMdiim
liir

II.)

K
',

l<>

priivi!
(lie

tli

ami

the Executivi' Omiicll.

lloii.

lli(^

liMli Ajiril, Alll

"'TIir< ExiiUciii V the M.-{iMVcnini I.ivk 1tnrc llie Kxiiiilivi'


"'

leru

took

pluci',

a 'iiitlHT
DiNird,

iiimiiuili

ri'cclvi'd

liom Ml. V. Cuiniill,

Loumil
incil
'

mid

ot

may cnmo
"'June
If./;,,

ih.'

fonnril n ropy wlii.h His ICxcfllni.v ha.t liin neat at the olllic of I'uslmaMter-Uineral.
lalr.l

.Inn,.

I.Mh.

iHdii,

ri'H|Mr,liii;,f

his leniit resif^imtioii of

Tli Sliimte
iMiiO.'"
riillillcil
1

"'(%!)

.1.

11.

T. Mannkiw-Suttox.

oriicv-CIciieinl,

vu
I

my
that
"(t'ol'Y No.

fviiilH

have
li)
to the

iidiiiittcd

"Lcttif ftum Mr. C. Coiinell

Lt.-aovonior.

nd of the year ot a correct

"T"
ii!(

//in

KmlUncii n,:
-

Ifmi. J.

II.
I

T.

M,inii,rH-Siilton, /J.-dm., .te., cCc

CONNKLL.

III' (illi ill-.!, ciiiil.unx a mi'moraiidiim iiilendcd nil. In vmir Kvicllniiv, in whicli vour iniinrv on Ihf mind of Vnnr Kxridlrniy'lliiit the only iim-r of my iv>i.,'niilinn of the olliiu of l'ii-.tma.il(i-(ii'niTid w/n the rclnsil of llic(!,,nniil toiiilvi.-.f your Kxi'idlciicy toorder tin- irtMiic of the Five (Vnt. Nlam|i.s. I have in my ]irevioiis leiliis to your Kxrellemy slale.1 s e of the many nasoiis foniiin;; the ha-Mi-; uf my coiiilnsion to ri'si^;'ii, mid to rejieat that

"'Sill,

Tlir
;i

lioviil (lii/.clli'of

a rrply to advi.icrs I'xiiilit

my

IiIUt of

ih.'

iimli

t;rialiin,\iiMv In

Wii.s iiiit inllni'iiced in 1 ciniise alto^rlhei- hy tlir Htaiiip i|ni'Hlioii I consiilcr lliimcc.HNiry, that matler liieivly haviiij; luid the illecl of linii^;inn JTevioin to ilH fiiHilmciit, foi'wKimr or later ie-<ij,'nalioii must 1iave lieeii teiiileiid. will howivir say, that the nsa:,'e 1 did receive at the handn of 1

my

my

iiitiiilioii

my

my

overnor, ttc.

<ollviij,'nef(,

in releiiiiie to the Htanqw,

would have

lieeii

.sulliiieiit

to caime

HUch

autiou a

took upon the

preiui.seH.

Excullency'rt

from till) Into ir Excellency


submitted to
jsire to avoiil

'"The cnrrespondiiiiMi Iielween myself and the Provincial SeiTelarv, with n'fereiiee to the issue of the I'nsta^^e Siamps, laid liefrnv your Exeellcnry, either has mil hail a earefiil pnusal, or el.so tliey are iu ixuoiance of the iiieauiiiK
conveyed by such coriespoiidenco.

nt accurately

'"I wiLi first nulhorized to procure the slam)is, ami stated on the lloor of House in Mairh liLst that 'I had (M'dered, and would receive in time for on the 1st of May, stamps of the ilcnomination of One, Fiye, Ten, mid Twelve and n Half Cent, in view of the introdiiclion of the decimal system ol currency.' They arrived, and iireparalions for their issue at the apiminled time Were made hy the Department, supjiusini; that any further orders were nmiecesthe
ilistrilnition

Mr. Connell
iiid

Bary, until
iiiterlcreiice

received the tele;,'iam Irom

ilie

rrovineial Secrelary, and snlisci|iient

we

a},'aiu
l'"ivo

)ou the

:t!leiicy,

e
tills

iuu ol
rii,

what was a mere matter of detail, Five Cent staniiis wan made, thus conduct even a minor arraiif^emenl of the l)epartment. After Iiaviii},' procured, liy the knowledge and conaeiit of the tiovernnieiil, staniiis of various denomimiiion.s, my position as head of a department was i^'iiored. Even if this wa.s the only cireumst;iiiee inlluenciiig me, my course was tlie only honouralde one to pursue,
iiarts

on the

of

your

advisers, in
all

Iiecanie a]inareiit.

An

order to

i.ssiie

Init

setting; aside

my

power and

ri^;ht

to

"'
UK,

have the Iioiiour


"
'

to

lie,

Vonr

E.xcelleiicy'.s

moat obedient servant,

Vattkbs,
CULL.
"Tliis
history of
flnislics this

"Charles Connell.'
most roinarkalile eonespnmlenee ami chnpter
in the postal

New

I'ninswiek.

Iiim, (luted

dunce with

careful reading ami consideration of tlie letters lierc given will .show the inipossiliility of there ever linying been any of the Connell stamps iiseil to pay the. jiostage of a letter, altliougli an inference to the eonlrary may be drawn from \iis. h and 9, being tlie letters uf the Kxeentive Council,' but "this is due 1 think to louse writing, or probably moaning that they were in the hands of the

"A

IITON.

Post Ofllce Department for distribution. Against this we .see the telegrams to Connell forbiiMing the issue, three days before they were to start sending them to postmas'ters, and liis telegram to Hale, the Secretary of the Tost Olhee bepartnient of N.J!., at Frederieton, forbidding him to send out any of the stamps. In

" "

38

^VA'ir

JUiUNSWICK.

."akin, of tho Cent iSu. of A^.w

'""'""* "f
SI,!!;:;;- 'i;:'"'

^''''

"->'

1-'' ^'

tl'"

NAME.

PAlmcuI.AliH.

AMOUNT.
25
25
s.
il.

AMOUNT.

,
,1.

12 15
En^rraviiifr plate for

()

37 15

Vtihtmn 2000

" Ten Cent

31

15

56 15
37 10
(1

.sheets

Bngriui,,,"; plftte for

"

I'rmtinj; 4000 sheets hngraviiiK phite for " Seventeen Prnitniff looo .sheets

Twelw & """ Ilulf Cent ^'"^ "*


Cent
"

" "
'

25
12 10

25 25 25
(i

50
31

hngravinf; plate for " Five Cent I'ruitnif,' 5000 sliects

5 5

5 5

25
31

56

208 15

"BONAM)
Issue III.

A. KlNO."

May(?), 1863.
hy the American Bank Xuto Co of Vc.w
u
.

One mluc
ue c,,,,.of
.

].:nMravc.l

an,l

,,rinte,l

one hundred stanu-s, arranged in ten row.s of ten; and the n of the engravers appears , the margins of tlio sheet ])e.i.m Tl n
i,. ,. . Q, pi.ghl oolo.d ov.l. ,

,, o..;,
c,|,

.,t;;
,j,,|^,

j;:t;,

J
-

;,::::;' l.

* .::n;;L;:r i^r
T.

e,, ,,|i,
-'"

"-B.

- -S:

"new miUNSWICK

POSTAGE."

"TWO

CENTS."

2 c, orange

(shade,*).

AMOUNT.

>.
ii.

37 15 56 15 37 10

NEWFOUNDLAND.
PRELIMINARY NOTES.
/?!

E. D.

BACO^f.
between 4G' 37' and r,V 39' X.
side of the
fliilf
hit.,

"VTEWFOUXDLAN]

is

nn

isliiud situatcl

and

IN

rri"

35' and 59 25'

W.

lonj,'.,

on

tlie ncivth-east
is

of St. Lawrence.
;

The
its
is

greatest length fnini north to soutli


i.s

350 miles, and average hreadth about 130

estimated area

40,200 square miles.

The

coast of Labrador, on the Continent,

now

inehided in the Colony.

It comprises about

120,000 sciuare miles, but


.lolni

has only 4211 inhabitants.

The island was discovered by


others,

Cabot in 1497.

It

was as early
fisheries.

a.s

1500 frequented by the Portuguese, Spanish, and French, Walter Raleigh and
thi.s island,

for its

Sir

in

the

reign

of

Queen

Elizabeth,

attempted to colonize

but were not successful.

In 1623, Sir G. Calvert,

afterwards Lord lialtimore, established himself in the south-ea.st part of the island,

and appointed his son Governor. In 1G34, a party of Ireland, and twenty years after some English colonists

colonists were .sent over

from

arrived, having emigrated liy

means
ratilied

of a Parliamentary grant.

At

the peace of Utrecht, in 1713, sul)se(piently

by the Treaty of
between the two

Paris, the exclusive sovereignty of

Newfoundland was ceded


still

to

Great Pritain, subject to certain rights reserved to France, which are


nations.

in

(juestion

As already mentioned, Newfoundland

is

now (1889)

the only North American Colony not included within the Dominion of Canada.

Newfoundland has never possessed an


a|)pcar in the

Gllicial (iazette,

newspaper

T/ie Ihiijul Gazette

but Government notices awl Newfoundland Advertiser, published

at St. John's. The earliest file of two odd numbers, I have foimd in
I

this newspaper, with the exception of this country

one or
so

commences with the year 1875,

have been iniable to gain any

jiarticulars

about the stamps of this Colony from

that source.

The Report

of the Postmaster-General of Great liritain for

1857 1

have before quoted from

tells

us

" Inland Posts were established in 1852.


rate of postage for Letters was establislu'd,

On

Letters not exceeding J oz. Exceeding \ oz. anil not exceeding


1 oz.

....
and
oz.
1
1
.

In

ISS."?

a reduced and \niiform

anollier for liuoks.

3d.

Cd.
i)d.

Above

J oz.

And

so on in proportion.

" Newspapers are conveye<l free. " On Books the postage is about weight,
;)cl.

2(1.

per

oz.

up

to

ozs.,

exceeding that
1)0

per

oz.

up

to IG ozs.,

beyond

wliicli

weight they cannot

trans-

mitted through the

po.sf."

Postage stamiis are not mentioned, so they had evidently not been introduced
into the Colony at the time the above pnrtic\dars were sent over; but

1857

is

the

40
year usually givoii as
tliut
:

NEWyi)UNDLAND.

of postage are as follows In St. John's


Williin Col(iny
Euroiie,

....
.
.

in wliiili

tho

lirst

Issuo took placo.


Lpttrrs.
I'lT ;../..

Tlic inesent rates


N'l'wsunpers
I'lei'.
... ... ...

1 CUlll
.

3 cents
5 cents

Free.
1

United

States, anil St. Pierre, Miijuelon


. , .

cent.

South Ainei lea and West Indies

Scents
the

2 cents.
in

Mr. John Dclanoy was Postmastev-Gcnoral

of

Colony

1879,

and

Mr.
the
I

J. O.

Krasor liohls that


a-i

ollice at the

present time.

I regret,
oflieial

in the case of Canada, I

am

unable to give you

copic.i of

any of and be

notices of the issue of tho stamps of this Colony.

I hope,

however,

may

shortly be followed

by other

writers,

who may have

gieiiter faeilili(>s,

more

successful in obtaining the desired informatiou than I have been.

REFERENCE LIST OF THE

PlIILATl'XIC SOCIETY,

LONDOX.

Issue

I.

1857.

Seven

valuei^.

Engraveil and printeil in iailhi-douco, by Messrs. Perkins, Dacon,

and
the

Co., of
:

Designs
first

London, on sloutish white wove paper; yellowish gum, im|ierforate. of the O.ne Penny and Five Pence closely resembles that of issue of New Brunswick, e.\cci)t that the crown in tho centre is printed

The design

straight instead of obli(juely,

and that there

is

a small oblong white label above

that containing the value, inscribed "rosTAGii" in small coloured block letters.

Numerals

of value

on white squares

in each corner.

Heraldic
capitals.

Shape,

s(piare.

Tiiuee Pence.

flowers on a trilobed cartimehe in centre, on reticulated background.

left, right, and at the bottom, inscribed in white Roman Lozenge-shaped blocks in the three corners, with coloured Arabic numeral of value in small white circles. Shape, triangular. The Two Pence, Four Pence,

Labels of solid colour at

Six Pence, and

One

Silii.MNd are very similar in design, which consists of a

bunch

of heraldic llowers in a central circle on the


Shilling,

Two

Pence, Four Pence, .and


is

One

and

in

an oval on the Six Pence.

Tho

central circle, or oval,

enframed

in a larger engine-turned oval, inscribed above with

name

of Colony in a curve of

white block
but
all h.ave

letters.

The remainder

of tho design varies in detail for each value

the value in full in the bottom label, ami Arabic numerals of value

in the

corners.

Shape, upright rectangular.


Id., clincolate-brown,

(Illustrations

.59,

GO, Gl, G2, G3, G4.)

lake-brown (shades).

2d.,

orange (shades),

3d., green, yellow-green (shades).

4d., orange (shades).


.Id.,

chocolate-brown, lake-brown, verging on bistre (shades).


Is.,

Gd., orange.
Is.

Varidij.

The

divided in half horizontally, has done duty for 6d.

BfiiiarJc'i.

A
sets

specimen of tho One Penny in the Vice-President's collection

is

))in-perforated,

but no information

is

available as to the authenticity of

this

stamp.

Two

may

be

ma lo

of tho

One Penny, Three Pence, and Five Pence.


show that the two One Penny and

The
is

lirst is

fomid on

fairly thick

white wove paper, and tho second on paper which

thinner and more transparent.


(piite

close e -.amination will al.so

papers are

ilillerent

in

texture.

The pahr shades

of the

NEWFOUNDLAND.
Five Ponce, which npponrcd in 1803, aio
values arc apprceiahly smaller in
sizi'

41
tlip

immA

on

tliiinior paper.

All three
i)aper, liut

than those printed on the thieker

whether
is

this

is

due

to shrinka,;,'!' of thc^ paper, or to the cn^i^raviny of a ni'w jila(e,


sliaile

doubtful.

The same
two

of

,'re(>n

M. Jloeus
BJiado of

catalo{,'nes the Si.K I'onee llalfiienny

was used for the Threes Pence in botli S'>ts. and Eiyht Ponce as issued with this
to the Society as oxistinj,' in the early

sot; but these

values are not

known

orange.
set,

the next
black.

arc

The stamps of this series iirinted in orange, and those of frequently met with with the colour changed to brown or even
sini}ily

These varieties are

dui'

to oxidation.

Issue

II.

1860

(?).

Six

valuf.1.

Consisting of the

Two

Penee, Four Pence, Six Pence, and the

One

Shilling of the preceding issue, with

and Eight Penee added.


is

The

central designs of the-;e


details vary.

two new values of Six Pence Halfpenny two latter are similar to those

of the other stamps, but the

minor

The

colour of the four

first

stamps

elianged from orange to scarlet-vermilion. {Ilhistrntions 00, 02, 03, 64, 05, 00.)
2il.,

Bcark't-vermilion (slight similes).


(

6i(I., scarlet
''
l-^..
>.

vermilion (slight
>,

sliaucs).

4'1
'l-

).
).

(
(

'


-td.

). ).

is

,.

Varkly.

The

8(1.

fouuil cut in halt obliipiely,

ami used

as

Issue III.

1862.

.%

viilacK.

Siuiilav to those of the last issue, liut


O.'),

with the colour changed to

a dull lake. (Illuxfrafumx 00, 02, 03, 01,


2(1.,

06.)
6^(1., (lull
''

dull lake (shades).

lake (shades).

( (
,, ,,

4'1.
6'-

.,

.,

).
).

).

is

).

TJpjHacfo.

The Eight
the public.

Pence

of this set, although printed,

said not to have

been issued

to

Several of

the values are scarce

used,
favour.

but

f(jrgcd

obliterations are not imcouimon, as well as copies jiostmarkcd

by

Issue IV.

January, 1866.

in fnille-ihiwc hy the American Bank Note Co., of New York, on yellowish and white wove paptu' machine-perforated. The sheet of the Two Cents (the only one seen by the Society) contains one hundred stamps in ton rows of ten. Designs
calnen.
;
:

Six

Engraved and printed

Two
within
ri,

Cents.

Cod-fish swinnuing to left on shad^I

ground of horizontal
white

lines

transver.se oval

band of

solid colour,

inscrilied in

Koman

capitals

"NEWFOUNDLAND"
mental
circles

abovc, "TWO CENTS " bclow, and "two" at either side. Urnabreak the oval at each corner, and contain the Arabic numeral of

vahie on coloiired ground.

Five Cents.
witli

coloured labels above

Two curved "five Fivi;," with an oval at each end Arabic numeral of value; and the second, " NEwi'ouxnr.Axn " in white Koniiui
ico-floo,

Seal on

with icebergs in the background.


.')

the

first in.scribed

capitals.

Straight
capitals

laliel

at the

bottom of the stamp, with viduc


at either end.

in

full in

white

Koman

and Arabic numeral

Ten Cents.
frame.

uniforui looking to

Nearly full-faced portrait of the Prince of Wales in military rigiit, on ground of horizontal lines, within a fancy ornameutal Curved label above inscribed "Newfoundland," and a similar one below
in full, all in

with vahu'

white

Roman

capitals.

42

NFAVFiHWDI.AXI).
Twelve Cents.
iJiailciiicil

prolilc
t,'art('r

of

giiccu Victovin to

left,

on gromiil of
the Colony and

lioi'izoiital linns,

within an oval

insciiboil

with tho

nniiio of

value in

full in

white

Roman

capitals.
ri;,'ht.

TiiiHTKEX Cents.
<if

S;,lioonei' sailing to

Curved

lahcl

ahove with the name

the Coliiiiy, ami straight label liehiw with value in full in white
at si.les liroken

Komau eapitak
Victoria

Ornaments

hy eoloured
Fiill-faeed

ciicles,

with white Araliie numerals of value.


jiortrait

TwENTV-Kouit Cents.

diademed

uf

(^)ueen

on

f-round of cro.ss-hatehed lines, within a white oetagonal frame.

Scroll above with


capitals.

name
uf

of

Cohmy and
(jf

lalud

lielo v

with "oents" in white


is

Human

On

either side

the word
f,'i'ound

"cents"

a white-bordered oval with

Arabic )unuerals

value

on

eomi)lete the desi-n.

uf hori/oiital lines. Side borders and a few ornaments Shapes: Oblong rectangular for the Two, Five, ami Thirteen

Cents

upright rectangular for the other values.


(a)

{lHustmt!<m.t G7, 68, 09, 70, 71, 72.)


Perforated 12,

Uh ycUoKifh

).
).

paper.

2 c, green
.'.

(shades).
( (

12

c.,

red

(shailes).
( (

c,

brown

13 c, orange

). ).

lo c, black

(d)

21 c, Prussian-blue
n-hil,'

Oil

jiapcr.
I

J'erfuratcd 12.

2 c, green.
1(1

12 c, red.

c, black.
(e)

24 c, Prussian-blue.
'

Uouletfed.

5 c, brown.

I}i'mar/:i>.T:hc 'atter variety

is

taken from T/ie Halifax Philafclint for July,

1888,

i)agv,

8:1.

The
1 1,

seen ncrforateil
aijpear.-'

b..it

to over'".'a]g

Cents of this and also of i.ssue.s V. and VII. has l)e('ii no explanation is forthcoming of a kind of mystery which tuese specimens. There is .some doubt as to thc'r authenticity.
'<"ive

Issue V.

1868-70.

Engraved and printed in taillc-iloua: hy the American Lank Notfi Co., of New York, on white wove paper machine perforated. Di-signs
;

Four cahm.
Cent,

One

Printe of AVale.s in Highland costnme, looking to the right, on ground of wavy lines, within a shaded oval
portrait

Threo-^uartor-facc

of

the

frame inscribed below "Newfoundland" in white Koni.an with the letters " n. f." (Jver the npper portion of the oval
in
full

capitals,
is

and above

a scroll with value

in

white

Roman

capitals,

Araliic

numeral of value

corner.s.

Three and Six

Cent.s.

Prolile bust p(U'trait of

in the two bottom Queen Victoria to right

in

widow's weeds, on shaded background of horizontal

lines

within an arched
("si.x")

frame.

Two

ou'ved labels above, inscribed

respectively

"TimEE"

and

Curved label below with value in full, all in white Roman ornaments in each corner, the upper ones containing Arabic numerals of valui! and the lower ones small tive-rayed stars. Shape Upright
capitals.

"NEWFOUNDLAND."
Scroll

rectangular.

The Five Cents

is

the .same design as that of the preceding

i.s.sue,

with the colour changed.

(Ilhi^lratiuns 73, 71, 08.)


(a)

Perforated 12.
I

c, purplo-br(]\vn (shades).
(

En<l 18G8.

,')

c, black
c.,

(sliades).
(

End

18G8.

3 c, vermilion
(II)

).

July, 1H70.

(i

dull lake

),

July, 1870.

Perforated
f>

l(i| (?).

(c) Itnuktted.
fl

c, black.
I

c, black.
is

Iit'mctr/iS.'\K' variety of the

Five Cents, rouletted,

taken fnmi the .same

paper as that of the lU'evious


notice of the
.Siicietv.

i.s.sue.

Neitlier of these stamps has

come under the

II

\1

yKWFoUMH.AMK
It
is

43
stiiiiiii

soinowliiit

juMnilinr

that

iif'tci'

iss\iiii,n

ii

in

l.sdil

wilh

|iiirlniit

of

tliij

I'riiicu uf

Wales

arrived at

iiiaiilic]i|,

aiiuthor sIkiuKI liavc

)wa'\\ issu^'il

nearly

three yciirs later

reiireseiitiiij,'

him

as a little lioy.

Issue VI.

1871-1873.
die

Tmi vaJms.
The
of
letters

In

ISfay,

1871,

a.

new

was engraved

fur the

One Cent

of 1S(;8.

chief alteratioii.s noticeable are in the face df the Prince uf Wales,

and Ihc

"x.

f.,"

which

arc^

closer to the scroll.

On

Ajiril

1st,

1873, the Three (Jeiils


perforation of IkjUi

th(! last i.ssue

appenreil with its colonr chani,'ed to hlue.


7.'),

The

stiuiips is 12.
1

{Illmtr-MiDiiK

74.)
;j
|

c, lilnc-browii (shades).

c.,

Ijhio (shades).

Issue VII.

1876-1879.
lait

Four
is

valm:.i.

Similar to the preceding values as regards designs,


also has
its

the stamjis

are ronletted.

The Five Cents

colonr changed to hhie.


{lllaxirfitims
7.'),

The One Cent

printed from the phite of the


1
c.,

last issue,

67, 7t, OS.)

lilac-lirown (shades).
(

2 c, green
:i

,,

).
),
).

c.,
I'.,

blue

(
(

f>

End End End End

1877.
187!.

1877. 187G.

Issue VIII.

Early in 1880.
lailliHhnici
ly

Fonr

ndiies.

Engraved and printed in

the Ih'itish-.Vnierican
ll'.

Dank Xotc Company, of Montieal, on white wove paper; machine -perforated The entire sheet of each value contains 100 stamps, arranged in ten rows of
Thcsj stamps are
;

ten.

coar.sc imitations of those printed Ijy the American IJank Note Company. Dcsign.s Oxe Cent. Three-quarter face portrait of the Prince of Wales in Highland costnnic looking to right, on ground of horizontal linos, within inscribed oval. Ornamented circles in the upper corners, lettered respectively "n" and "f;" ornamental numerals of value below. Two Crxts. Cod fish on background of horizontal lines curved i]iscribed labels idiove and below
;

ornamental
Portrait
of

scrolls

in lower corners with numerals of


in

value.

Tiiiiee

Cext,s.

Queen

widow's weeds to
laliel

right,

on grouiul of

horizontal

lines;

curved label above, and straight

below, inscribed with white

Roman

capitals.

Circles in upper corners with numerals of value; side ornaments, resembling thigh bones. Vive Cents. Seal on ice-floe; curved label above, and straight label below,

inscribed

in white

Roman

capitals.

Cindcs

in

lower corners wilh numerals of

value;

ornamental border.

Shapes, upright rectangular for the

One and Three


"TWO,"

Cents, oblong rectangular for the other two values.


T.

1 1 hi

it

rat lorn 70, 77, 78, 70.


1).

"ONE

CENT."

13.

"NEWFOUNULANU."
c.,

T.

"NEWFOUNDLAND."

1
2

madder-brown, grey-brown (shades).


( ( (

c, yellow-green
l,lue
..

).

3 c, >
^.

).
).

Remarks. T\w Two Cents was


other values.

not issued until two or three years after the

Issue IX.

Early in 1888.
in
taitte-'Iuuce
;

Six values.

Engraved and
of

[jrinted

by the Uritish -American


yellowish
fifty

Bank Note

Co.,

Montreal, on white wove paper


entire sheet of the

gum

niachinc-

perforatod 12.

The

Ten Cents contains

stamps, arranged

44
ill

NK\\FiiUM>l.AM).
livi:

vcilital Riws uf ton


stiuiiiis

wliilu

tlio.-ic

of the otlu;r live viiluos aro cdinposoil of


ton.

uiu!

huiidiud

um;li,
Liroiniil

in ton

rows of

Dosi^rns: IIalk

Cent. A
;

plain

upi'iglit sliioM,

with

of liorizonliil linos, slimloil at eitlior


do,!,'

contrc,
)i,v

tli(!

lioailof M Xi'wfouMillnnil

boars in tho onclosod within a poarlod oirolo, surnmni'.oil


.sido

a circular liand of solid colour, inscriliod in wliite

Roman

capitals with the iianiu

of tho

Colony
hoinj,'

at tho top,
l.y a

and the vahio "ii.m.f cknt"


small
uprij,'lit tablet,

at tho luilton), tho

two

last

words

separated

containing' " A " in white Arabic^ nuniorals.

Tun

wiMi nnnid.Ml top and pearl border, Ce.n-ts. Urij,' in full Siiil, to rij,'lit

curved label uf solid colour above, inscribed with tho name of tho Colony; similar
straight label below with the vahu! in full, both in-soriptions
capitals; small scroll-like
beinj,' in

white Konian

orn.aments at either end of tho bottom label; circle of Arabic numerals of value at each side of tho stamp. .Scroll-like ornanionts complete th(! design, which is evidently copied to .some extent from tho
solid colour, with

Thirteen Cents of Issue IV. Tho One Cent, Two, Throe, and Five Cents same designs as the preceding issue, but with the colours changed. Shapes
sipiarc for tho

are llio
;

Small Half Cent, upright rectangular for the One and Throe Cents, oblong rectangular for the other three values. {Illudralium 80, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81.)
4
1

c.,

rose-red.

3
Ill

e.,

brown.

c, bright green.

5 c, dark blue.

2 c, orange.

c, black.

POST CARDS.
Issue
Otic
I.

April
l)y

1st,

1873.

raliw.

Designed and printed

the American ]Jank Xoto Co., of

Xow

York, upon niediuni white card; size, 4/^x2^ inches. The left upper corner contains an irregular ui)right fancy label, with pendant. The label bears a large capital coloured Koman letter " N " upon ground of coloured horizontal linos.

Tho
an

pendant

is

broken in tho centre by an ornamental

circle,

containing tho word " to "


is

in coloured early Knglish characters.

At
is

the top of tho card, in the centre,

ornamental

scroll,

the loft end of which

just described.

Tho

scroll
is

bears

"

wound round the right side of ewfoundlaxd " in coloured fancy


linos.

tho label
capitals.

Kelow the
white fancy
is

scroll there

a straight ornamental label, inscribed " post cahu " in

capitals, >ipon

ground of coloured horizontal

IJoneatli tho label

"the aduress
lini;
;

o.nlv to ue wuitten-

on this

side," in coloured .slanting cupitaks,

iu a straight
is

lower

down

tiiroo
it.

ruled linos for the address, etch one of which


right upper corner of tho
issue 1871.
circles,

shorter than the one above

card,

and

is

of the
is

same type as
lilled iu

Tho stamp is in the the One Cent adhesive,

The ground-

and crossiu" these aro a number of straight lines which converge towards tho loft bottom corner. The design of the card is completed by an ornamental border, with rounded corners. The border is broken at the Ijottom, in the centre, by a small labial with rounded ends inscribed "amehican bank note co., n.y.," in white Roman cajiitals, and the corners
contain large fancy white crosses.
1

work

of tho card

with innumerable intevlacod

Size of border, i\ x 2^ inches. {Illuxfrafiun 82.)


c, groeli (.shades).

Issue
OiiB vahi".

II.

June, 1879.

Designed and printed by the American Bank Note Co., of New York, upon thick white card. Size, 5^^^ x 3/(y inches. At tho top of tho card is
the inscription in three lines
1st, Uitioursal Postal Union in coloured fancy lottei's, the word Ui'lcersal being curved, with ornamental linos above and below; 2nd,
:

NFAVFOUNDLAND.
"newf()UM)i,.\m).
tuuiiu-nkuvu,"
ill

40
l)lui;k

cdlc.mod

.sliintiiig

luUurri;

:?iil,

"imiht
wliicli

CAUU,"
is

ill

whiUi
in
iif

fiiiicy oiipituls

on a

culoiiroil oniiiinriit.'!

lalicl, tlui f,'r<)iiml (if

fillod
(.111^

witli liorizoiital lines.


wliicli
is

Luwiir

(Iciwii

tiircc

nilud lines for


it.

tlu;

addicss,

each
is

sH^liliy Ioh-ct than tlic


liie

one aluive
(Lssiie

The

.stamp, wliioli
tlio

similar in type to

Tliivo

Cnits adiiesivu
with

July, 1870), but with

valiio
is

changed

to

Two

Ciiiits, is

in tlio ri^'lit-npi)or corner.


liirf,'o

The design
card,

of

tlio

cards
Size,

completed by a fancy
X
-i"(j

hord('r,

ornaments at the four corners.


bottcjin of
t]i(^

;'i"iy

inches.

Outside the border, at the

and

in the centre,

is

the

name

of the

makeio

in small coloured

Roman

capitals.

{1 11 usl ration 83.)

2 c, vcrniilion-red.

Issue III.
Oiia value.

January

(?),

1880.

Dusi.;ned and printed by the LritisliAmerican I'.ank Note Co.,


light buff card.
is

of Jfontreal,

upon mwlium

Size,
:

which

is

at the, top of the card,

in three lines

4^^ x 3 .^'^ inches. Tlio inscription, 1st, " Uidmrsul PoHfal Uuiou," in
in

a curved line in coloured fancy letters; 2nd,

"Newfoundland thuue neuve,"


3rd,

coloured slanting block


ciij)itids

letteiv,

nlao

curved;

on a coloured ornamental
Ijelow
tlio

lal)el,

"post cakd," in white fancy with gronndwork composed of horizontal


in the right to left, in

linos.

label

there aro three dotted lines for the address, each on<! of

which is shorter than the one above it. The stamp is Design: Three-quarter face portrait of t^ueen Victoria
resting ber bead
circular band,

upper corner.
within a plain
.an
is

widow's weeds,

upon

lier right
is

band, on ground of horizontal

lines,

which

Idled in with fine linos.


filled

The

circle is

surrounded by

ornamental frame, principally


capitals.

in with vertical lines.

At

the bott(5m there

straight label of solid colour, bearing the vahu^

"two

cents," in white

Koman

4i X 24 inches.

name

of the card is completed by a fancy border, measuring Inside the frame, at the bottom of the card, in the centre, is the of the designers, in small coloured letters. (Illustration 84.)
'

The design

2 c, orange-vermilion (shades).

Issue IV.

July, 1880.

One

value.

Designed

and

printed

by

the

IJriti.sh-Ainerican

Conii)any, of Montreal,

upon medium

light buff card; size, i'lx-i'a inehes.

Bank Note The

design is a somewhat poor copy of the first issued card. The scroll at the top with the name of the Colony is a littlo altered, and tho word " to " is in different type, upon a groundwork formed of diagonal lines. The stamp is replaced by the typo of the One Cent, adhesive, issue 1880, and the groundwork of
the' card

consists of interlaced circles

and ovals

only.

Tho frame

is

altogether different,
it

and
on a

the

name

of
;

the

makew

is

placed outside tho bottom of

in the centre

narrow label

size of

frame, 4i x 2iJ inches.


1

(Illmtration 85.)

c, green

(aliadcs).

Issue V.

May

(?),

1889.

Issued provisionally, iiending a fresh 8upi)ly of Two Cents cards. It consists of tho One Cent card of the preceding issue, with tlio stamp surcharged across the centre in black " 2 cents," with Arabic numeral and Roman
value.
capitals, two straight bars at the top obliterating tho original value, ami an Arabic numeral " 2 " over the figure " 1 " at each bottom corner of the stamp.

One

2 c, black surcharge, on

c, green.

NOVA

SCOTIA.

IMiELIMINARY
hv
e.
d.

I,

JTES.
OP
W.

liAcoN.
hit.,

"VrnVA
is

SC(.)TIA

is a

|K.iiiiisiilii

l.ctwcuii 43' .10' X.


liy
lui

niul

f^T

loiif.-.,

connected with
iilxiut

Xew
miles,

Dniiiswick

isthmus

alidiit

11 miles

wiilc.

Its

100 at its widest, with nnieli island of Cape Hieton, sejiarated hy the tint of Caii.so, forms [lart of the provinee. It contains an area of 20,907 .scpiare miles, iihont oiie-lifth part of whieh consists of lakes, rivers, and inlets of the .sea.
its

lenj,'th

300

and

hreailth alMnit

variation.

The

Nova
French

Scotia was discovered

l.y

John Cahot

in

1497

it

was colonized hy the

who gave it the name eif Acndvi. It was taken hy tiie English, and a grant of it made to Sir "\V. Alexander liy James 1. in 10:27; and it was this monarch who altered the name to Xova Scotia. In 1032 it was restored to Franco,
in 1598,

hnt a.gain ceded to England at After the Peace of Aixda-Chapiaie, in 1748, a settlement of dishanded troops was formed there hy Lord Halifax, and the city
the Peace of Utrecht, in

with

(^liiehec,

hy

tlie

Treaty of

Ht. Gennniii-cn-Laije,

1714.

which now hears


finally

his

name

is

the cajiital of the province.

Ca|)c IJreton
it

was not

taken from the French until 1758.

From 1784

to

1819

formed

a separate

Colon}'.

to Mr. Donald A. King's persevering assiduity in hunting up official and other particulars connected with the stamps of this Colony, we have from liim what may he considered almost a complete history of their introduction and use. His papers are most interesting and valnahle, as they elucidate many

Thanks

notices,

previously ohscure jioints in regard to the.se stamps, and I think the Society has acted wisely
rhilatdist.
in

repulilishing

them

as

they originally appeared in

The

llitli/ax

Amongst other information Mr. King

gives from the Report of the

Postmaster-General of Xova Scotia for the year 1852 occurs this .sentence: "Postage stamps valued at One Shilling, Six Pence, and Three Pence have heen procured from Trclayney Saiuiders, Esi]., stationer, of London." Trelawney (as the name
should be spelt) Saunders
is

given in Kelly's /'w/

Office

London
was
0,

Direv.tonj of 1851

as a " mapseller, publisher, antl stationer, agent

by appointment

maps and admiralty


it

charts,"

i%c.

&c.

and

his aihlress

for the ordnance Charing Cross. Ho

was who evidently received the order from tlie Colony for a supply of postage stamps, which he must have entrusted to Messrs. Perkins, liacon, and Co. to carry
it was this latter firm who engraved the stamps. Mr. King gives an extract from one of the Reports, which authorizes the bi.section of the Three Pence to allow the prepayment of the 7^d. rate to England'; but the Report states distinctly the Three Penny stamp was alone to be used for

out, as

ynVA
tli:it

SCOT/A.
Ilimiswick,
liiilli

piirposn.

Ah

in tlip case of .\,.w


liiscctcil.
I

llip
lire

Six

r
11,1^-

nnd
iliii'

liic

Sliilliiii'

nio fdunil

Tlii'

Novii SInilia viinctii'M


funiicv Colmiv. (livut

prnliolily
fi

In tlin

Hiuiic" ciiiiscH lis

tliiw

liuve -ivi'ii
tli,.

fni' tlir

Tlif

piirliculiirs
ill

found

in the Kc]Miit of
lis

I'ostmiistci'-Gciii'r.il of

l!ril lin,

iiiMiii>liPil

\f<'u,

will yivc

the oiirly postiil rates of Novii Scotia


'ftl,

"In 18J2

'53, '54,

ftiiil

'50 nicamiroB
]M)sta.:,'i'.

were sncccssivfly

uiloptiil loi

estalilishment nf a

hw

Dn

rate of

On

Lettern not cxcwdiiij^


nz.

\ oz.
I

Aliovf J

Above

I oz.

nnd not and not

excci'diiif^

oz.

excoodiii;,' l.H oz.

And

... ... ...


Id.
tlie

:id.

(id.
!)d.

so on in proportion.

"Letters posted and delivered in


'

tlie

same town are cliarf^ed

only per Joz

New iimpers
On

are loiiveyei 1

fri

printed Cirenlars,

I'rices

Current, IlaieHiills, &c.,

postaj^e is

Id. jier

Books,
in
weit,'lit
;

&,c., are allowed to ]iass free of charge when not exceedinR 2 ozs. but above that weiyhl, and up to 18 o/s. (to which weij^ht the

liook privilege
Till! rates

is

limited), the postage

is

Ad. per oz

to Eiif,dand on

May

1st,

ISriti, wi're-

Hitto,

Ditto,

Not above J oz. " direct" by I'liitid Slates and Rrilish by I'liited States Packet
Iiis]

7}d.
I'ackct

lOd.
Is. O.'d.

Tlie

present

tor
.Mr.

of

I'ost-ollieoi

is

Jfr.

C.

,T.

:Maeiloiialil,
(if

and Ih
lieiaiih

rostmaster at Halifax
obsolete on .May
-.'rih,

H.

W.

lilaekade,-.

Tlio st limps
'.f

this

Colony

\X(\7, the dale of

the formation

tir

of Ci

liefore
it

j,'ivin,i,'

a detailed

list

of the stamps of

Nova

Scotia, the Society thinks


of
in

would be advisable to reproiluce here the excellent articles upon the stamps this Cohiny from the jien of I\rr. Donald A. Kin;,', which were published
T/if

Ilitllfax

I'lillatcliiit

for

December,

1887,

January

and

Deceiuljer,

1888.

:Most of
traces

the information Mr. Kiiif,- f,'ives is entirely new to eolleetora, and he hack the date of the fir.st issue from 1857, the year it has previously been
at in the
catalo,;,'ue.s,

put

down

to

Seittomber

1st,

1851.

"ISSUING or THE
"In looking over any

FlIiST

POSTAOE STAMPS IN NOVA SCOTIA.

of the .standard stamp cutalogm.s, the reader will see that till! date for the issue of postage stamps in Nova Scotia is 1857, and New I'.runswick in 1851. alivays It seemed to me as very peculi.ar, coiisiileriiig the nearness of tlii'

two enuntries and


he so long beliind

tlui

New

resemlilance in their (Jovernments, that Urunswick in issuing stamps.

Xova

Scoti,.

should
see if

"I determined

to turn the matter

up on

the

first

possible occasion,

and

the dates were in reality correct.

enquiring at the Provincial Secretary's oni('e in Halifax, 1 found that all records of the Nova Scotian Post Ollice Department had, at the confeileratiou of tht! Ih'iti.sh North American provinces, been transferred to Ottawa. However, through the kindness of the ll.m. W. S. Fiidding, the Provincial Secretary, 1 foniKl in the legislative library the yearly reports of the Postmaster-General of the province for the years previous to confederation. Starting with 1857 the siippo.sed
dat(!

"On

of issue 1 found that postage stamps were regularly mentioned in the Departmental accounts.

all

parts of

48
"It waa
"Ill
tlio
tlic

NOVA
snmc
in

SCOTIA.

1850, 1855, nml 1854.


liii'ii

porfon would

iiii,'if,'inr

from the

wiy tlui iiccnuiits n'iul tlmt Htiuii[w liml


Ucportfl
iliitc'i!

iiscil

for twi'iity yciiiH p.i'viimM.

an

iU'in of inforiiuilion wliiuli is

.Imiimry 7lli, 1854 (bciiif,' tlic woik fur 185;i) 1 found not ^iviMi iji luiy ciitiilot,'ii('. It i.s a.n follows

jiiit

"'Onk I'r.NNY pnstiij,'i'ptiini)isliaviiif,'rrr('iitly lii'rn rci'civid from Loud. nml inlo circuliiliou Mv. now to 1h' liad in nearly cvfry I'osl-ollii'c in Nova Sculiu.

"'Tliero arc at prcsiMit stamps for

One

SliiMiie,',

Six Pence,

'I'lirec I'l'iiee,

and

One Ponny and


;

tlic>

iimIjIIc Ijave tlnis

letters to
liavin},'at
liy

any place
it

His Kxcellency's (i(]veiriment consideralile (jutlay lit mil need into the cinmtry llie system of prepayment
to wliiili

every stamps tan free


i

liuility all'oriled tlieiii to pri'pay tlieir

lliem.

stamps,

iMasnliji,,; of

i^'ial

illation

tliat,

the pulilical

laij^i!

are

lie^^iiinin^,'

to feel

ami appreciate

and advanta^'cs, a iiiiicli larj,'er amoimt having; during the past than the |iievioiis yi'ar, lieiiij^ an increase of over 25 pur cent., a.s will be seen by reference to Keiiurl I.'
their convenience

been issued from

my

ollice

"ThuH finding,' that the Oiio I'oiniy had not been issued till .some time after values were, I then turned to the Report dated January i*nd, 1853 (bein^' the re|iort for tlio year 185:!), in which lie s.iys
tlip (itlier

"'Po8lftr;o stamns valued at One Sliilling, Six Pence, and Three Pence liavo been jirocured from Trelayiiey Saumlers, Ksi|., stationer, of fjondiin, and siipjilied to postmasters, merchant.s, iind others at a discount of 5 per cent, allowed on sums of h and upwards. During! the jiast year there have been issued tVom my ollice postage stamps to the value of ';i,')5 2s. Cd. This is a much smaller circulation than was antici]ialeil at the lime of their iiitrodiiCL....i into the
fliationer.s,

piovinccti, the public ^^eni'ially,


u.se,

apiirehend, not yet clearly understanding' their

nor

appreciatin;,' their advaiitai^es.


keciiiiif;,
lx,'en

"'Tliey are deposited with the Receiver-Oeneral for safe I procure them when a siijiply is needed. Application has Penny stamps, which are expected to arrive sluirtly.'

from

whom
One

made

for

of

"Tlion takino tlio Report for January 5th, 1852, I find the Post (Mlico Dopartiuent foi' the ijuartor ending the the foUowiiii' issues

amon^
5tli

the accounts January, 1852,

"'By amount of postage stamps on hand By amount due Heceiver-Ocneral for postage stamps
,

100
100

Consisting of 3 penny to value ot

,52

I.

6
1

shilling

24 24'

"Also

in sanies

Report aecounts for quarter


.

endiiif;

'"By amount

of postage stamps Ca.sh paid to Hon. Jos. Howe, being amount remitted by liim to Trclayney Saunders, Em(|., for poatjige stamps for

...
.

5th October, 1851.

100

Nova

Scotia

221 Hs.

8d.'

"Those extracts from Postmaster General's Reports and from Post (Xrico Department Aceount.s will positively decide the question as to date of issue, "The Three Penny, Six Penny, and One Shilling wore, I should think, issued to tin' ]niblic in the second quarter of 1851 and the One Penny were probaldy put
;

out about the last part of 1853.


"Ill the
'

same Reports

I also

found the following:

" To remedy to some extent the serious inconvenience said to be experienced by merchants ami others in consequence of there being no Seven and One Halfpenny currency postage staiiqi, by which parties who feel desirous could thus jirepay their letters to Kngland, and not wishing to put the province to any liiither expense in having ancilher 'die' prepared, I considered it expedient to allow half stamps to be used with those now in vise, to obvinto the want of iKH'oiiiiiiiKlatioii comidained of; and a circular was iu;cordi ugly forwarded to my diqiiilies, and a notice issuetl to the public, to the effect that letters could be prepaid to England by stamps by parties using a Six Pence or two Three Penny stamps together with halt a Three Penny stamp. The Three Penny stamp to be cut diagonally, and the Half to bo equivalent to l^d. The Three Penny stamp

alone to be used for that purpose.'

.\()V.\

SCOTIA.

40
iiscil

"Tlio Tlirno Ppniiy


Tliin (irilcr
1

staniji

Inivc

wwr

seen cut mul

in

tlmt

iiimiuh'I'.

wim issunl
"J
|M'11I'I',

iiftcr tln'

rciluctidii

df lln' imckct

[loHtii;;!'

to Kiiyliiml

Irmii

sllillillj,'

to

"Miijiir

JCviiiiH

in

liin

Catnln^MU)

niciitinnx

Un:

TIii'imi
I

I'l'imy
laii

.H\ir('liiir;,'(Ml
lii^

'paid
an
thi!

UUNIH,'

iiml

also

ovcrininti'il

'5
;

KNTh.'

This
(I

tliiuk

ciisiiy

cxpliiini'il, us will lie


at,'n'(^niiMit

SIMM

liy

the fiilluwinK
<ixchaiii,'(!

Ahoiit 1851

think, hut
(if

iiiii

ncit siiiv)

was

cntcivil intu lictwcrn the rustniastrisdcniMal

JJuva .Scotia anil


theii'

United

Ktati's
It

fur tliu
a^'rci'd
sliiiiip

of corivsiionilenec

hctwecn
Im

resiu'itivc

iiinnti'ics.

was

Scotian Throe IVnny

niinn tliat Iho poHtaj,'!' sliimlil to lie equal to that value.

5 rents,

the

Nova

"All
on
to the

letters

goiuH

to the I'niteil Slates

fnmi N'ova Scotia, west, to he

staniiieil

whether they wcu'e paiil or not, liy the olliee which ilespaleheil the mail United States. The staniii which was used for that purjiose I'orresponds in all particulars with the suiiposed surcharf,'es. This stiuii|iinj,' I have no doulil has occasionally lieen done on the postaj,'(! stamps, and thus those .so-talKid surcharges have lieconie known.
th(! faee,

"All the eHort.s tlmt I made to find out who first propo.sed the introduction of po.stago stamps in Xova Scotia wore in vain. lUit I presume, juilging from the accounts of tho Post Ollicu Department, that the Hon. Joseph llowi' was instrumental in doing sc. This indeed was an net worthy of the lilieral and enlightened mind of one of Nuva Si'otia's greatest sons. DoNAr.n A. Kixo."

"NOVA SCOTIA STAMPS.


the Dcc(!nil)Li innnhor of this paper I had an article on the proper dntn of issue of thi^ Pence stamps of Xova Scotia. In it I ventured to assert that they \V('r(! issui^l in tlu' middle of 1S51. Since then, on further investigation, 1 have discovennl the exact date of issuo. Tho proof is obtained in th:' foli.iwim;' extract from tho Chronicle of the ,30th of August, IS.Jl
:

"In

"

'

N'lTK.'E

TO THE

I'UUI.IC.

"Postage stanijis having liecn received from Knglatid, notice is hereliy given that stamps of Three Pence, Six Pence, and One Shilling can lie purclia,scif at this olliee on and after Mamhoj, ike \sl (/// nf Stpkmkr next. "' NoTK. Postage stanijis before being used kIioiiM bo examiued to ascertain that they will firmly adhere (as in the event of their falling <ill' the letters become charged with postage), they should then be placed on the front of tin' letter, lottl upon tlie right hand aimer of the, Ujiper .sii/e. Should this direction not be attended to, from the rapidity with which the duty nuist be perlbrmeil, letters which bear stamps will frcipicntly be taxed, while tint parlies receiving them will be put to ninch trouble in obtaining n n'.Uun of the postaj;e inipio]ierly charged. "'In all cases of complaint, whether of any irregularitv, the covers of the letters (and contents in all practicable ciuses) must invariably be kejit and sent lo the post-olHoc as alfording the only means of investigating tlie complaint.

"'A. WOODOATE, U.P.M.G.


"'Geni-;ral Post Office, IlAi.rFAX,
^Imijiim^ 2ith,

1851.'

"This

will, I think, .settle

tho matter as to tho [jroper date of issue.

"While on this subject it would bo as well to give tho same information in regard to the Cent issuo of Xova Scotia, although tliero is no error in rc'gard to the date of those as thoro is to tho lirst issuo. Tho extriR't following is taken frmn tho Report of tho I'ostmaster-Gonoral of Nova Scotia for 18G0. He says " Postage stamps of a new design, and adapted to the decimal system, were obtained, with the consent of the Uovernor in Cimncil, from the New York American Bank Note Co., and circulated on the 1st of October last (I8(i0). The desi^;n, colour, and value of the stamps arc as follows One Cent, black Five Ciait, blue Eight and a Half Cent, green Ten Cent, scarlet anil Twelve and a Half Cent, black. "'A supply of 19,000 sheets, or 1,000,000 stamps, equal in value to l.'52,ll(K) dollars, h.is been obtained from the above firm, costing for their manufacture and incideuUds 901.50 dollars.'
:

'

Y^

flO

N<n\\ sciiriA.
'

It will

Im MOPii Hint
nil
iihi'

licrc in

11(1

iiK'iiiinii imikI,.
t|
I'

of

tlic

Twd
liiiil
I

('cut Htniiip,
II,

valiio

wan

Tl im
ri'iiNiiii
'

lint iHMucrl

till N(iiiii< liiiii'

iifii.i^

iillliT st:illl|iM

foi' il II'

tlmt
iitii

tlic'ic
fii

was

fur

it

imM

at

was lailnl
||i<.

tin' '(.'iiiiiily

l'i,Mla;;ii

Art
iii't

ralllll

Till'

fniiilUill

fxtrart fnini

l'ciMtiiiaHt(!r-( irlli'ml H

Hi'

i.H

cxiilaiiiitiiry
lialili'
lilt'

Hcusiim,
jiiwlril

ill

ii'firi'iii'L'

liiriy (nit that jmit nf tlic Art, liiwcl to llir I'ost-nlliii' rciliiciii" tl ic |iiilaH 111 twii
til

iliiiiii-,'

tlii'

last

c'l'iits nil

li'lter

ill

a nullity

I'lii;

ililivi'iy williiii llif saiil <'iiiiiily, il

was

m'ii.siii'v

tni'll

imlil

i''>'li''t'

" 'laiap
."jiiiNi

I'lii'

llic

|iii'|jayiiu'iit

nf

lliis

Id

ITS.
(',),

A|iiiliialiip|i
I
.

was aiMnnlin;;ly wm'w.


iiiiil
I.
1

In prin'iiro |iarlii!iilar ilass nf


I'ii'iiii

to tlic

Nnl,.

New V'mk Am
Mav
ami

Itiiiik
III.

a sii|i|ily,
.i.ii> nt iiis
,

Nlii.f's wi'ii' iii'iiciiri'il

.1'

iliclllilill;,' llic,

at a un^t tn the Dc'iiarl 1

at.

il<

"
'

Tlic
lii'sl

ii'iliiicil

rate laiiic into


ciiili'il

o]H'riitii)ii

nn

ilir

itli

last,
I

lias

vicMcl
ciiaMcl

Inr Ilic

live iiiniillis,

;)(it|,
i '

Sc|it('iiilicr last

(as lar as

liavi; licuii

tn

..1

lean IVoiii (lie rctiiiiis in

in iiiy niiiiiinn,,tl than wniilil


liellnil

my have

'Sinn) a rcvcnin! nf -iriO iln lais, a less iininiiiii, liceu mili/.t'il iiinlui' tlie lii^liei niK' loi' Illie saiiiu

The

followiiin list will


ill.

;,'ivo
j,'ivi'

Of

it

can

no

niiiie

tliaii

UH the precise ilate of all except the due I ciinv. the year, ami ahoiit Hie proluihlc lime, ju.lyii'ig
Tlie
list is

fruiii

the l'oslnia.Mtcr-( encral's Jicport.


;l '

as follow

pence
>,

Issued 1st Seplenilicr, IHJI.

shilling

penny
cent

aliniii :iiil ipiarter, lH5;i.

Issiieil Isl
Ill

Octnlicr,

l.s(l(l.

mil Mav,
'Those extracts
Sciitia.

1803.

will,

Ihii ink,

linally settle

the .lale of the "

staiiiji-

of Xovi

DoXAMi

Kixij."

"THE SURCIIARGEI)
"The
titlfi

AXl) PUOVISIONAL STAMPS OF iNOVA SCOTIA.

no .louht stnrlliiif,', but it is true nevertheless. It i.s a. I'liilatdy that nearly every country has sonio .stamps, prnvisiomil are not foiiml in calalo-ncs, hut whieii ai" ncveitliele.s.s known to .'.'Cist, us the St. I'lerre .Mii|uelon I'.D., the liromen Afarkcn error, nn.l so in .Nova .Seotia we have the so-calleil surchar-es. In Fehruarv of this year I icceive.l a parcel of ^ova Scotia stamps from a fricml 'in Port Hastiin's Cape I.roton, and anionn them 1 found three' Three Penny stamiis with .'To' in an oval printed on tliein. They had all been cut out of the envelopes' IiaviiiK il part of the paper as a mar-in, and as I had in writin- for tlimn
of this
is

well-known

fact

or

I'rror, tliat

oM

speeitieil tlie dates hetween which the Pence issues would he found nil tho stamps had the respective dates of tho letters i.eueiltcl on tho hacks of them Immediately takni'; the three surcliar;,'cd stamps I returned tlioin, and asked if the envelopes from which they were cut could Ije sent luc, and I was lucky eiimi'-h to Kct them. I thou thouj,'ht 1 had a bonanza, a re^'ular surcharged stamp of Nova Scotia, overlooking the fact that theri^ wore no other cancellation marks on thoni The three letters had all been mailed from the same ollice, IJaildeck, within mouth January l.'Uh, 20tli, the third the day of Hie month docs not show, lt<t;0--anil all addressed to tho same person. To make me i.miv sure of the fact of their beiiiK really n surcharge, I saw in No. 304 of Lc T.ndn; Pusi,, .an illustration of one which was in the eollection of y\. do Ferrari, and which was precisely tlie .same as the three I had. liciiig informed that the postmaster who is now at IJaddeck, was the same as was there in 1 800, I decided to write him for information on the subject
i

.VmI'.I
iilM

xdiia.
.iiirliiir
liiia-iiii'

01

liihl ..III
I

li,.w

III,.,-,.

s(aiii|,,-.,,iiii,.

I,,

|.

Wlli'll

my

iccivi.,!

,Iis;i|.|H,iiitMiriit

Ill,'

f,,l|,,Hii|.^ illlHUVI-;

'""VI'I'I.K, N'.iVA.Si.lllA, J,,W/ltlM, INS^


I

III

,1

.,.,, n..

tl,t

,,|.,.a,s

.MV,l,.|,..,s ..,i,:l,.,e.l,

\Vill,!.i,|

,u,y

..i,l,.r

'

"
'

(Sl(rMCll)

itdllKlir

Kl.Msl.Y.'

"Til,.

Mli.iiips

n.|Vn.,.,l

ti,

in

tlu,

li.tlcr
til,.

w,Mr

iiii|.ivs,siMs
,,a|.|

M,UMi
n
.St
...

fr,,,,,

Ml

lH

.,|li..

To
Imt
it

tj,,,

,l,.,.Ktm>,l

lall,.,.

f
|,

,l,is l,.u,.r

,1

,,,,,
l),.,,;,.i

|,;i !"
,',,

u,l,.r..t,l

was

n,!,.

||,

mil iH n,.wof tim (Jana,|ia) that nkoi. w,th .lat,. .sl,i,,, l,t with a
oir th.,
h,.

x,,,!, s,.tia IN.st (,l


,.i
,a,.,.||,.,|

staii,,, ,sl.l,l
s., tliat

will,',.,.
.1
,

,.an,.,.ll,.r,

l-slmaik
Ihis

in .as,, th,. slam,. hI.,i


.,f

w,.i,l,|
..f

1.,.

,.

,|, ,.v,.l|., an.l

th,. ..ri;-!,, th,.

f,l

th,. l,.tl,.,. ..oi,i,l

il ,

..,n.s..

,.,il,|

t
th..

,.

if

postmark was on

th,.

sti

1.

is

r "'f otln, _f

'"''
,.,.,s,.,

"''"^

|'';'Vt,<""l'l
i.|,.a

,.x|,l,.,|,.,l

" 'l,.aM,.,l, a,l th,. sla us,.,l .ai f a simlia,.,,, \t Im^- afti.f this
1'"

wV
ij?..,

Y'Tl "'T''
sm.ha,^^.,l
.I,.,n

'"''

""
;

i'"V"l"I"'

Im.l,

whi,h
..as,.,

was

niiiil,.,!

f,.,.M.

,.n

an.M.
tn
.lul

,.n

tli..i

ars an,

,.,.nts

<nly 10 c tha th.. i,sl,ast..r at Why..,,al, put it ,11, tlic Six IVnnv stamps t Hhw hat !,,. sl,l tliLii, fr ,hat pri.../ If' this was th.. si 1,1 think n,r., w,.,iM 1. fun,l, a,l until th,.,, I will ,.,.ntini,e to hLJiov., tha .snirlmw, wa.s ..nly an a..,.i,h.ntal cani.i.llali.ai, althoii^'h in sunn,.,' .,f M,. Vruu^'n ....'niiii.Mt I,,.,.,. ,H a liKnr.. liv,al,.,-si,i f n,y own Th,-,... 1',! I>,.,.'uy stuap, ilinsli.

was n,. ,.lh,.,. M,. Cmiils th,.,.ry is, that as th,i c,nT,.n,y was chai th,, l.,,-nig f l,s,;o, an,l lliat as G.|. wus th.., "a't
th,.ni
.,

,.a..h

l.iit,

as

in

n.y

own

.J\
..

s,.,.iiis,

howvv..,., a s,.,'ula,' ,m,1,.,.,. that his an,l


llM.s,.

shoiil.I

nil,.,l

nm.... , whi,.h
thur.!

;;

"i anil

ihii In was a ,.w postal t,..,ity iTaf,'..,l l,..tw..n th- Tnil,.,! Stat.Ns a,l Nova .S,utia !' '";;'"' '";"; "f ^^''f''"' was that tl,,. ,at.. shol.l h ;,,1. p.r ? o that all ,vpal |,.tt,.,.s s,.t hy Xova S,.t.,a t,. Il. Unit,.,l Stat...
is
: , ,

stampH a,v likely

to h. ih,,. oierprint.M

U^
,0

si

,.11 1,

ntk',.. tii,tk
II
.;.,

,1 th,.
'",'

stanip
l.y

a..,.,.i..ntally,
',"

-T"

''""'"
u
an,l

''"
w,.<ii,l
,.,1,.,.

'1''"''

""^pai.l

''''^'^

'-"

occasionali;
I

thus ,ako
of
th..

surcha,-.;.

havi.

TuZ^vT
iluuht

'"";'"'"
in

"'"'''

the

l.;..o

stamp

sta.iip l,a.s,ni.ssc.l
,'. harg,.,s

tho
,,0

,.ly a

hiiu

1.v..,ltli.

Son.o uf

tho

<.,,.;inatc.l

tins

inannc.

have

hi.s ,-.po.t

i.,.nvisi..al stanips of Xv, S,.tia a.'o th. split ones, of whi,!, only value, the Ihiy.. IVnny, was anth.ui/.e.l t,. he so ns.'l, n,l that W imrpos.,; v,z l,,all,,w the rat,. ,>f posta,,,. to (:,...at Ihutai,',, 71,1, t., he laL , i ns ej^ Thive l'..,i,y was atl.,.i....l l.y the JWma^ter-tiener u

"Tho

om

u7l~

oU.e
l,S,..i

for

h,i

says,
''^

se'.J'i'orjr";;'
''

'To ,,.,i.,ly to some extent '"""''""^ ^""' """"'^ "


1""^^''""^

th.-

se,.io,s

i,.onve .'m

'^"'-i-"''.V

"^ there
parti..s

n^;,
who
feel
th.s ile

.tsi es ,, HIS ,1 .,, 1 ,oul,l thus . pn.pay

\';'"''''',''y
tli,.,r

^'""1'"'

whieh

l,.tler.

to

E,,r|a,l,

province to any further expense in having another ",//e" prepar...!, 1 co,


''<.'".m,o,lat,on
e,.iiiplaii,e,l

a.l

not wishing to put

Three Penny s an.p.. ree Penny sta,p to be ..,,1 Tho Throe Penny sta,p alon..

n eireular was uce.,nli.rly ,rw., orwar.le.l to ,i,y .l,.put,.,s, an.l a notice issiie.l to the pul.lie to the ..fleet hat couhl he prepa,. to Knglan.l hy stamps, l.y parties using a 8 ! x 1' ,,ce a two
an.l

of;

t..gether

with

M/

.liagonally, to be use.l

an.l the half to


f,.r

a Tin;. Penn,, bo e.i,; valcnt

Ma2

Ih^
o

lU

that puri.osc'

"Of

the

auth,_is.3,l

split

stamps
as

leiiny out

d,ag..iially,

ami

nse.l

thrc..

have met with live varieties. Th,. .Six pence; als., six Penny, but cut per-

52

A'OVA SCOTIA.

l)uii(lieularly, an oxtreniuly rare variety, which i.s the only one I have ever seen eut in tjjis manner. 1 liavc also seen three other varieties ; they are the Ten Cents, eut iliagonaily and used as Fivi; Cents, also cut jicrpendieularly and used for same; and tiie Five Cents, cut diagonally and usid for tlic county [jostagc of

two

cents.

" Another variety I have found is an oddity ; it is a Six Penny cut, and used Under it is writtiin in red jicucil '5 cTS.' I have two almost the same; the other has, however, only the figure 5 in red under the half stamji. The stamps have undoubtedly prepaid tlie letter, as tiie colour in which the 5 CTS.' is written siiows it, red lieing the paid colour. Tlicy probably originated at some small jmstollice out of stanijis, and who marked them in red us paid letters, and sent them
for wliat?
'

iuul the

money

for

stamps U)

tlie

)ie.\t post-ollice

on the road
])repay tiiem,

to a mail courier (as

was the and he marked them in red

jiractice

as prepaid,

or they were given by some one then as now), with the money to and had them stamped at the

nearest

jiost-ollice.

split stamps of Xc ,Scotia arc very rare, and should bo greatly valued liy coUcctcns. Oil' tlio original envelope they arc valueless, and I have been sorely disapiiointed more than once on receiving them in that condition. Whilo in Nova Scotia we have not got those varieties of types in stamps which some other

"All the

countries have; still, wo can make up a number of interesting varieties whicii are iniknow-n to most collectors, and in nearly every case have never been mentioned in catalogues.

"Donald A. King."
1854.

POSTAGE RATES FROM NOVA SCOTIA IN TIIE YEAR


I.I.MIT
it.

OF WEIGHT I OUNCE.
.

To Alexandria
Al^;eria

2
1

3
10

To France
Oihraltar

Austria

8
2 3

Holland
India

.23 .21 .22


.

s.

it.

i.

if.

To Portugal
Prussia

i 2

Russia

2
2
.

6
2 2

Bavaria
]!c'l^;iuiii

2 2

Hong Kong.
.
.

2 10 2 10

Spain
Swuilen

China

2 10

Norway
LIJIIT

.27
J
. .

Turkey

OF WElOnT
.

OUNCE.
d.

s.
'i
i

it.

To

Adelaide
Aiiti;,'ua

2
1

To
8
1

Australia

3 !) Cape Verd,,. 2 10 Cape of Good Hope 2


Brazil
.

To

Chili

Cuba Denmark

1
1

3
10

Bernuula

Tlie following figures s low the increase in the sale of postage stam] )S in

Nova

Scotia in the
1852

lirsl

four

yc^ars.

after their introduction, viz.

Amount

sold
* * .
.

s.

ii.

1853 1854 1855

325 473
8!)8

ii

6
3

11

1656 16
vol.
ii.,

An

increase of fivc hundred

|ier

cent.

'J'/ie

Halifax Pin latvU.it,

page

REFEKENCK LIST UF THE PHILATELIC


Issue
Tliive values.
I.

.SOCIErY,

LONDON.

September

1st,

1851.

Engraved and printed

in tai/lc-doucc

by

Slessrs. Perkins,

Bacon,

and

Co., of
:

Design

London, upon stoutish blue wove paper; yellowish gum, imperforate. Tiie design is almost exactly similar to that of the first issue of New

Urunswick, but the lower star contains a mayflower, the heraldic emblem of tlio Colony, insteail of a rose inverted. The name of the Colony is in block type on

NOVA
all

SCOTIA.

53
cm Uic Three rence,
" sixi'EXCE " has a
(I/huftraliuns
8fi,

thrnc Viihms;
letters

"postaok"

uiul tlic value in Kniiiiin capitals


.Shilling.

and Mock
P". 88.)

on the Six Pence ami Uue

The wurd

coloured lino

down

the centre of each letter.

Sliaiie, lozenge.

Ui)i)er left hurdcr,


I'liXCB,"

"nova;"
"

ujiper right,
;

"scotia;" lower

left border,

"lUHBE PKNUE," "six

ONE

SlllLLI.NO

"

luWer right, "I'OBTAOE."


(shades).
( (

3il., lilue,

dark Miie
dull viulut

Cd.,
Is.,

dark green, yellow-green


liliic-iiiiiuve,

).

).

for half the dthough, as we see from Mr. King's paper, the Three Toncc wa.s alone luithorizcd to be mutilated in this manner.

Varic/ies.values,

All

three stamps arc found cut in

two and used

nnminal

liemurh.
almost
wliito.

The

colour of

the

[)ai)cr

varies considerably,

from deep blue to


be put

All the surcharges catalogued on the


oljliteratlons, or as

stiimi)s of

tl

issue
is.)

may

down

to

due

to fraud.

{Vi'h

Iilr.

King's pai

Issue

II.

May

lst(?), 1853.
tail/e-ilonce

One
and
Co.,

value.

Engraved and printed in ujron stoutish blue wove paper;


full-face

by Messrs. Perkins, Bacon,


gum, imperforate.
to
left,

yellowi.-!i

Design:
within a

Diademed almost
single

portrait of

Quoon Victoria looking

plain-lined
filled

lozenge -shaped
in

spandrels are
stars, that are

frame with engine-turned background. The with arabesque ornamentation, in which four eight-rayed

cut in half l)y the lozenge-shapod frame, figure prominently. At the bottom, and two sides there are narrow coloured bands, composed of diagonal crcsscd linos, containing inscrijitions in plain Koman capitals. Plain scptarc blocks in the four corners, with coloured Romnu numeral of value. Shape, square. ijllmtration 89.)
top,
5.
rf.

T.

"NOVA."

B.

"SCOTIA."
jj.^

R.

" POSTACIE."

L.

" ONE PENNY

"both

tllC lattor

1 1
1

reading downwards.

3
lU

reddish-brown

(si ..des).

Remarks.

Specimens of
New

this

Three Pence of

Prunswick, the variety

stamp are known upon white paper, but, like the is only due to the discharge of the
I^fr.

blue colouring matter from the paper. This is the oidy stamp of Nova Scotia

King

is

unable to give

tliv

exact

day of
first

issue of.

note in IVie Philatelic Reconl, vol.


tlie

x.

page 48, states that the

supply was sent over to


;

Colony by

JFcssrs.

Perkins, Paeon, and Co. in

April, 1853

so the issue

most

likely took place

on or about

May

1st in that year.

Issue III

October
liy

1st,

1860.

Hank Xote Co., of Xow York, on yellowish or white wove paper; yellowish gum, machine-|ierforaled, 12. Designs: One Cent and Five Cents. Diademed profile of (^fiieen Victoria to left,
upon a backgrouiul
within a
diagonal
circle
lines,

Five mines.

Engrave<l ami printeil

the American

of horizontal lines, crossed by diagonal lines behind the head, composed of a plain white and a fine coloured liiu', arched .scrolls <if cros.sed above and Ijclow, following the shape of the circle curved
;

labels of solid colour in the centre of the scrolls

The

scrolls of the
caiiitals,

Roman

One Cent and with the name of


is

The remaimler

of the design

on the Five Cents value only. Five Cents are inscrilied, in while the Colony above and the value in words bidow. completed by arabe.sciues and foliate iiiiiaiiicntation,
labels of the

ii

64
wliith
iiiul

A'Ol'A
ciRomiiasscs
..

SCOT/A.
I'lrck".

tlic

two

.scrolls

mid the

Eiciirr

an'd

Half, Ten,
iiin'iglit

Twelve and
l),ii!k};roim(l

Haw

Cents. Dindoiiii'tl
and
diii-onid

fiill-fute

imrtniit of C,iucoii Victoiiii


-.vitlr'n

on

of liorizontiil

ci'dssimI

lines,

an

oviil.

Vcrticallydined arched scrolls above and lielow, for the two lower values, inscribed with the name of the Colony abov(^ and the value in words bolow in white Roninii capitals. The Twelve and a Half Cents has the upper inscription upon a curved
label of .solid colour, placeil in the centre of the scroll.

block

letters,

upon

a strai.^ht octagonal label of solid colour.

The lower inscription is in The reuiaiiuler of the

designs are

tilled in

of the thi-eo values.

with arabcstpics and foliate ornauu-ntation, which dill'er for each Shape, upright rectangidur. {UhtstralioHs <J0, 91, 92, 93, 94.)

'nova hcotia.

'one cent," "five," "eight &

J,"

"TEN," AND

"twelve &
(a)
1

CENTS."
(li)

On

ijdtowifh piqtcr.

On

v:hite }iaper,

c, black.

5 c, dark blue. 8J c, yellow-green, dark yellow-green


1(1

1 c, black. 5 c, dark blue.

8.\

c, yellow-green.

c, vermilion.

U) c, vermilion,
12,J

12jc., black.

c, black.

Vane/i(S.{A) The
the

Fivi^

Cents
2

is

known

oit in two diagonally, and used for

County Postage

of

Two

Cents.
c.

(half 5 c), dark blue.

'

(h)

The Ten Cents

exists cut; diagonally,

and

is

also

IM

found cut perpendicularly,

each half serving as Five Cents.


5
c,

(half 10 c), vermilion.


:>re

Rvmarlif.

The

bisected varieties
'Sh:

unknown

to the Society, but they

may

be found described in

King's

last paper.

Issue

IV.

May

11th,

1863.

Engraved and printed by the American Bank Note Co., on white wove paper; yellowish gum, machine-perforated 12. The design is exactly the same as that of the One Cent of the last issue, excepting mo value. Shape,
value.
til)right

One

rectangular. {Illustration 95.)


T.

la'

"nova

.scotia."

b.

"two

cents."

2 c, lilac, brownish-lilac (shades).

Remar]is.^omc very dangerous and wcU-executei' '.'orgerics of this and the They are quite as well ei.graved as the real stamps, and wore it not that the designs are of somewhat smallc dimensions, they would
previous set of stamps exist.

be most

difficult to detect.

\,

rPtlNCE

EDWARD

ISLAND.

PRELIMINARY NOTES.
nv
mills
island
is

E.

I).

11

A COM.
lat.,

situated bctwoou IG" and 47 N.

loHK.

Its aroa is about 1,;!,S0,000

awes;

it is

aliout

and liptwcnn G2 and 04" W. 140 miles lony, and 34 its

greatest breadth.

by the

Frcncli, but

inyC3, but, liyanAct 1770.


tlie

was discovered by Sebastian Cabot, 1497; it was first settled was taken from them in 7r)8. It was annexed to Xova Scotia on the petition of its ! ',: mts, was constituted a sej.arate colony in
It
1

passed in 1798,

ame

into operation 1st February, 1799,

island received its present

muv

.'rince

Edward, Duke of Kent.


Colony took place on January 1st

Tlie introduction of postage stami)s iiito

tJK^

following notice from Tlw Roijal Charlottetown, proves


tlie
:

18G1, as

GazHh

of that date, published

:.t

"

POSTAGE STAMPS.

"The

and Packets
follows
;

Public are horel)y informed that stamps lor the i)repaymcnt of Letters to be sent by the Post will, on the 1st January, 1801, be ready

for circulation.

The

decign, colour,

and value of each

class of

stamps are as

The Queen's Head,

j>
))

profile ijreen. Six .'ence

II

I,

Whc, Three Pence.


ra\,

Two

Ponce.
of h.df the

"

The

hlue.

or ral stamp will

lie

received for

payment

sum

it

indicates,

if

eut in two diagonally.

" These stamps can be

had

at the

Qeneral
L. C.

Po.t Olfice,

Charlottetown,

and of

all

Postmasters on the island.

"(Signed)

Owen, Postmaater-fknenU.

"Grneuai. Post Oitick, Vcnmber

20t!i,

18G0."

Wo

see from this notice the tirst

values with

the, two provisionals. Three Ponce, and Six Pence, perforated 9, as they are tlie only values found with this large perforation. With regard to the two provisionals, Jlr. T.

consisted of three stamps, forming five Those first issued were evidently the Two Pernio,
i.ssue

K.

Tapling's collection contains a .speeimon of the Three Halfpenny, but I iiave never seen the bisected Two Pence. The latter probalily could only be employed for tho prepayment of book.s, S:v.., and conse(|uently the stamps woidd get destroyed. It may be also this provisional was soon replace.l by the One Penny,

orange-yellow,
of

when

there would

bi'

no further

call for its u.se.

The disappearance
of
for

the variety, although in this case the suggestions


I

we know

tho stamp was so U8e<l, naturally


.as

strengtliens

have thrown out

regards the bisi'ction


of
CritLsh

the

Two Pence

Halfpeiniy

and Three

Penny

.stamps

Cohuidiia

the

propnymout of newspaiiers.

r.fi

PinXCK KDWAllI) ISLAND.


1

mil uimlilc to f;ivr llic djitc of issue of Uic On,'


fdlllul
IK)
llli'lili.ni
til

I'eimy

iiiid

Nine
;

I'ciicc,
||i,.

us I
fi||.

IlilVC

iif

llicsi'

(,\V(l

imps
mic,

ill

T/k' linljitl (lirrttr

lm(,

liavc hull iiciTHs


friiill

is

11

very

ilii'oiiiplclc

si'VI'I'mI

yiMis

ln'iiij,'

iiiissiiif,'

iiltcij^'rtliri'

(hi-

si'i'ii's.

Till'

Niiii'

I'imut

ninviiry
h'llei's

sliiiiip,

i;\\v.\\

\n

(id.
.',

sli'iiiii;,',

was
for

cviilnit-ly

issued

Un-

the invpayiiii'iit of

to

Kii.ulaiid,

as the

oz.

rate

the two coiinlrieH at. tiint time was (id. slerliiifr. ](,.|(. let mi. remark that the eiineiiey of the island was apparently more depieeiateil than tJiat of tlio other Nnitli Ameiican Colonies, where we have seen 7,',d. eiirreney was eipial
letteis

lielweeii

to

Oil. sterliiif,'.

The next

notice, taUeii

from
of

7'//e

Iti'ijal

dwxlli' for Oetolier 'JUnd, IS(iS, shiiws


slaniii,

us the reason for the

i.ssiie

the

Four

'eiiiiy

whii'li

came

into use at

this date or shortly afterwiinlH.

"

NOTIOK.
has heeii
iileasi'il

"Ills llouortl"'
of the
I'lilliiwiii;^'

T,ieiit('iiaiil-{!ovcninr in ('oiincil

to apin-ove
llie I'liiled

iiiiiililicaliniis in llie I'ostal Arraiit,'emeiit


;

hetween

Stales and this I.daiid

vi/.

"On

unci al'ler llu' liisl ilay of Novoiiilier next, ilio (lostn^'e


lie

Letter shall
(he

lAniu I'kni'K,
shall
for

it'

prepaid at the mailiiiK

ollieo,

cm a single and Ten Dents

(iipial to Si.\
.siiilU!

Teiiee) it posted

unpaid; and
for

eliai-Hci

he

made

for other than sint,de Letters each additional half oinic'e, or fiacticiii

(hereof.
Si.\

Letters

liritish

Celninliia,

California,

and Oivj^on
()\vi:n,

.shall

he

I'enec', if jirepaid, jirr

half ounce.
"(Sij,'ned)

Thomas
I8(i8."

"CKNKiiAi, I'dsr Okfic^k,

r,>.lmnl(r-anicml.
Isi.ANMi,
(ktulicr iXsl,

"Ch'town,

p.

K.

Mr. Thomas
\i
'

Owen

heeunie I'ostinaster-Ceiieral on April ;!Oth,

IcSfl",
.loliii

in ])laco

of Mr. IVter Dos

Ihisay,

who
to

.suec^eede.l otlice

Mr. L, C. Owen.
.laiuiary
l.'idi,

Mr.
in

Andrew
Mr.

McDonald was appointed Thomas (wen, deceased.


(

the

on

18fi9,

-dace of

Till

Riiijiil

dwytli' for

May

-iTth,

1870, contains the following:

"REDUCTION OK POST AGE TO (iREAT


"On
and
alter the
lie

15RITAIN.

Britain will
sterliiij,',

,)nne next, the postage on paid Letters for Oroftt Tliroo IViiee slerlliiH per half oniicc, iiiatuad of Six I'unce
lirst

as at ]ireseiit,

"(Signed)
"tlrsi-.iiAi,

John A. McDonat.d,
Cn'rowN, Maij
Qici'tti'
'lOlli,

Pontma.ster-Cleneral.

I'osr Offic

!:,

1870."

And
found
:

in

the issue of

Tin: Jini/al

of

.hiiie

10th,

1870, this

luitico

ia

"MAILS,

1>S70.

ARRANGEMENTS.

"r(istaf,'e

on Letters

for the
:

Dominion

of Canada, 3d. cy. each


Ijd. ey.

mto

for Hie

I'iiKed S(ates, 4d. cy,

for (ireat

liritiiiii,

" Newspapers
Australia,

for Newfoiiiidland iind


stg.

We.st Indies,

Id.

Rt;,'.

each

lor

New

Zealand, ke., 2d.

each.

Newspap,ei-s for Great Untaiii,


free.

United

Stales,

and the Dominion of Canncla forwarded


"(Signed)

John A. Macdonald,
1870."

Postmaster aeneral

"Ueneiiai. Post Officb, CiiAitLoriF.TowN,

"30M

Miiy,

PIUNCK EDWARD ISLAND.


Till' (irst

r<7

of llirsc

t.\Vi>

linlins -/wv!* us the

,ip|inixilii;il.' diid' ;inil ciiusc

of issue

of the Tliiw IVlUT

sliM'liiiK

(\M. cuiTciwy), limwii


.Iiiiii'

sliiinp.

It is

possiMi'

tl! sl;iiiip

w;is not iviuly for issun on


till-

1st,

im Mr. TapliM;,''s cnllccMon containii a wijiy of


us
I.Jd.

Nine I'lMUT cut


oir a

in

lialf

ami used
in

This vancly
it is

is

said to

liavii

Imcn

taken

letter sent to

Knglaud

1,h70, so
llu^

possilili'

tliu

Nine

IViiee

was

liiseclod

was so, no doul.t took


eii^'raved
Iiy

and UHod provisionally proviotis to and tlio iie.w stamp was not ready
))laee

issui!

of tlie lirown stamp.

If this

at

(he alteration of the rale, the issue

shortly afterwards.

This Four I'enee llalfpenuy .siamp was


N'ole
Co.,
,,(

(he

ISritish
tlii!

Auieriiau

liaidi

.\!,,ul'c,d

,'ind

Ollawa:
of

the

earlii'r

.stamps of

Iteaufort irou,se, Strand, London.


es.siiys

Colony Immm- pmdii.ed hy Charles WhiliuIt was this Mr. Whiting who sent
(

printer,

in so

many

and

.sn-^'estions to the

ioveiiimenl jirevions to

thi'

inlrodnelion of postage
(h'si^,'ns

stamps

in (Ireat IJrilain.

As
i)ric<'

e.ilhrtors

know, many of these


cnKraviii^'
..f

are lieantiful

works of
had a

art

compared with the mean


tlii!

tja;
al

stamps of
ti

I'rince

Kdward

Island, hut perhaps


},'ood

oll'cred

for the .stamps

l|ii>

they were ordered

deal to do with their poor workmanship.

l.sland,

in
if

pii.s.sed to eslahlish a decimal system of currency in the which came into operation on .lanuary Uh, 1S72. I nave found no notice T/w (!a::>'/fi! of the i.s.sue of the sil of stamps with tln^ values in cents, Imt they were not issued on tlu,' .sanii! diy as the al)ove Act lu^came law, they

In 1.S71 an Act was

canui

into

u.se

shortly afterwards.
1st,

from u.seon.Iuly
of Canada.

The stamps of this Colony wero withdiawn lS7:i-the date the Island w.'is admitted int<, the Dominion

KKL'KKKNCK

LI.ST

OK TlfK
L

]'Il[L.\TKr,H:
Ist,

SOCIKTY, T.OXDON.

Issue

January

1861.
Vv'hiting, of

Five valucx. Litho-rajihed

(!)

ami printed

l.y .Mr. Cha.s.

London, upon

nwdium

yellowish in tone);

white wove nnwatcrmarked pajn'r (that used for the stamps fir.st issued hein;; white ,L;um. The I'ntire sheet of each value contains thirty
five, (ixci'ptin;,' tht^
:

.stamps arranf,'ed in six horizontal rows of


si.xty in six

Two

I'enee,

which

lia.t

horizontal rows of ten.


all

Di'si^ns

The same diadiuimd

prollle of Ijluoen
ail in whiter

Victoria to left do^rs duty for

live .stamps,
lia,s

and the inscriptions an;

Mock
and
is

h'ttcrs.

The O.sk

I'k.nnv
.solid

tlio

head niion a naiculaled hack^round,

enclosed within a hand of


side with the

colour, whii'h touches the f.mr .sides of the stamp,

curved at the four corners.

name

of

The hand is in.scrihcd at the left top and ri^dit the Colony and the word " ro.siAiiH," and at tiie hottoin

with the value in word.s. Tlu! four corners of the stamp contain small conventional ornaments, and an outer line of eoh)ur completes tlu' desi-.i. Two I'unxh. The head of Her Majesty rests upon a reticulated liackground of a dill'erent ])atterii
to that of the

inscrihed with the

One Penny, and is endo.sed within a circular hand of .soli<l colour, name of the Colony aliove and "rosTACiP" helow. Straight
hottom of the standi, with the value
out(>r

lahid of .solid colour at the

spandreks are

filled
is

in with reticulations of

the .same palt(;rn as the


coloured line.
(j!uecn'.s

and
is

th(!

design

completed hy a single

full. The One I'ei.ny The Thpee Penck

in

precisely similar to the

Two

Pence, hut the


is

head

is

contained within

an upright oval hand.


that the hcml
is

The Six 1'ence

also similar to the

Two

Pence, oxci^pting

has Her Majesty's head npon a similar haekground to the One Penny, hut endo.sed within a rihhon-Iike haml of .solid colour, inscrihed with the nan f the Colony and the

enclose<l within an

octagonal hand.

The Xine Pence

58

PRINCK KDWAnn ISLAND.


" posTAOE."
Till'
liiiiiil

word
STO.,"

is

imiiin^'cd iipdii at tlio liottom Iiy a hroa.l straight label


liiu.'s

of solid colour, iiia(uil)ed in tlireu


till!

" nine pence

cuRnENfv equal to sixpence


in
tlii'

first

lino Iwinj,' curved.

Conventional ornanionta
(lesif,Mi.

niipcr corners,

and a plain outer

line of colour conipletea tlio

Slia|)e, uprij,'lit i'ectanj,'ular.

The One Penny ami Xine Pence were not


and
98, 99, 100.)
(a) Perforated
2d.,
0.

issued

with the

otlier

three

values,
97,'

probal.ly did not eoine int.. use until the year 18G5.

(Illustrations 9G,

(Janrary

1st, 18(51).

3d.,

dark rose dark blue

(sliade.*).
(

), ).

6d., yellow-jjreen

run'efe, Divided

in two, iliaxonally,

and used

for half the values.

Id, (half 2d.), didl rose.

Ud.

(half 3d.), .lark lihie.


(n) Itoukttal.
2d., dull rose.

(c)

and compound. (1HC5 brownish-yellow, oranye-yellow (shades). 2d., dull rose, canuine ). ( ^, 3d., dark blue ( ), 6d., yellow-green, hluish-greon ( ).
Perforated 11, ll.i, 12,
Id.,
(

()

<Jd., lihic

).

T\meties.~(A) Divide' in
;

tw,

igonally,

and used

for half the vali.j.

,iialf 6d.),

yellow-green.

4,Jd.

(half 9d.), lilac.

(b) Imperforate, horizontally.


3d.,

dark blue.

(c) Imperforate, vertically.

9d., lilac.

(d) Imperforate.
Id.,

orange-yellow.

3<l.,

<lark blue.

gd., lilac.

2d.,

dark

rose.
|

Gd., bluish-green.
|

IiemarJM.Th(i
is descrii)ed in Tlie

Two

Pence, roulettod,
for

is

unknown

to the Socief

v.

Halifax Philatelist

November, 1888, page 129.

The variety The writer

.says

tine

III

the specimen seen was u.sed, and on part of the original envelope "it has a wide margin, and shows the roulette cuts plaiidy."

The

imi)erforate

stamps arc believed

to

in this state.

be proofs, and not to have been

issue.l

paper on the nunor

arieties

found

in The Halifax Philatelist for Soptomlior, 1888. and the article a very interesting one. The following
"

stamps was publish.ed The author is Mr. David Lang,


in those
is

a repr

luction of

it

VARIETIES OF PRINCE

EDWARD ISLAND

STAMPS.

propose to give a short

examniing thorn closely there are a number of varieties in the stamps of which list of the most conspicuous. In the
Penny, printed in sheets of thirty; six rows of five stamps each. " Second rou; Jifth ^tamp: White Hue above '.\' in 'island' broken, tilled lor ibout one-eighth inch. " Second row, sec, '? stamp : Full atop above ' L in island.' "Sixth row, fifth stamp : No cross-bar to ' a in ' island.'
' ' '

" This province has the reputation of issuing the worst-looking series of stamps design and e.Kooution of any of the Pritish North American provinces. On
I

"One

With solid cohair

PIUNCE EDWAUD ISLAM).


"Three Pence, printed in sheets of thirty; six rows of five stamps "Fird row, second. itamp: V.-liito circle and coloured dot in
rniNc'E.
in each.
'l-'

59

HI

centre before

" Second row, fifth dqi


it

Full

.stop

between

'

'

and

'

'

in

'

edwauu
'"'

'

lool'bi^'i;;:^,^;;:'

""""'" ''

"

''''*"'''

""

"'""^ ''"' "'


'

""''"'"

"Same

.-itump:
''""''

Full stop at the top bur of the last

e' in

'three pence.'
in
ft

^"'"'"' """'^''

^'""

top o^'d""''
"/'(/(/(

"''' "f**"^

'="^^AP".'
'

't Ij^i";?

line

with

row, i/tird stamp

Full stop between

'

au('

'

o in
'

'

rosTAOE.'

"Nine Pence,

printed in sheets of thirty; six

rows

of five stamps in each.


after
'

"Second row, fourth stamp:


>

Two

full stops,
'"'''"'-'

one above the other,

sk;

'

^"'^ "'"!' inste'wfTl;T'\vf "f-"\'\ instead ot alter ' src!,,' winch 1ms none.

'"' '" '8''' nrra''-'"tly

put there

"Two

Pence, printed

in

sheets of one hundred

ten

rows of ten stamps


oft',

in each.

"Third row
inverted
i.

tenth stump: Part of 't' in Full stop before 't' in 'two.'

'wo'

niakin"

it

look like

"In the rl,l,,.r printing of the One IViiny a peculiarity exists wliicli sonic ot our reivlers may liave in a eoiiiplete form tliat is, an outor line all around the stamp. 1 have four siieeimeus willi this line in tju^ golden yellow and yellowbrown shades, perftirated 12. Specimen No. 1 was the last .stamp in tlie row, and has tile mai-inal part of the she.a attached to it. Tlie line is the full lengtli of the riglit Jiaiid side of the slamj), the perforation goiii^ ilircetly tlirough it. No. 2 has tlie line on left hand side and bottom, the full length and Avidth of stamis with traces of it showing on perforation at tcp and right hand side. No. 3 has lino sliowing ,n parts at left hand side and a;, bottom. No, 4 shows only at bottom. Ihe last two are of the yellow-brown shade.
;

"This peculiarity may also be found in the Four I'cncc, but parts of the lino only sliowmg. A peculiarity of the Foui Pence is that in the dianioiul, on each sun ot the stani]) there is a small oval ornament, which h.xs in the diamond on the right Imiul side of the stamp a .small line to it at top and bottom, but on the oval at the lett l)anu side none at all in any. The Cent issue with one exception is frco trom those errors or secret marks, or whatever they may be. The one is in the ilireo Cents, which are printed in sheets of one hundred, ten rows of ten stamiis in eadi. The seventh .stamp of the fir.st, third, liftli, seventh, and ninth rows ha:i a tuil stop between 'riiixcE' and 'euwahu,' thus 'prixce. edwahi).' The varieti.'s in the 1 once is.suo mentioned above are, I think, .some kind of secret marks, altliougli they are not found in a regular rotation as in the Three Cent, beiii-' ai'lutrarily scattered hero and there over each sheet, the varieties of each stamp when they occur being precisely the .same, so that it is hardly in.ssible that such a series of erroivs could be made unintentionally; but of this sonic one with more knowloclge of the stamps may be able to speak.

"David Lang."
Issue
< \

II.

1st

November, 1868 (7j.

One value. Vm ^\. and printed by Mr. Charles Whiting upon medium /i-Ftiiyt^''^^'( ( white wove nnwatermarked paper :)aper " white gum. Tlic entire sheet consists of thirty
; ;

live. Design; The same diademed Queen Victoria to left, as in the preceding issue, upon baskground of Curved scrolls of solid colour at top and bottom of the stamp the upper inscribed ^vith the name of the Colony, and the lower with the value

stamps arranged in six horizontal rows of


profile of

horizontal lines.

ill

words.
^^

"POSTAGE."
tlie

IJeneath the top scroll a small curved label of solid colour inscribed All the inscriptions are in white block letters.

Fancy ornaments

at

sides of

the stamp and a single outer line of

colour eomnlete the desi-n.

60 Rlmpo:
Upii-ht

PIUNUK EDWARD LSLAND.


rwtiin-uliir,
luiifliinu-i.orfcratc.l
,,
,

11,

Hi,

12,

and

compound.

{I /1 (ulnd ion 10 1.)


Vnrktij.

Imperforate.

I'roljuljly prouf.

4d,, blnck.

Issue

III.

1st

June 1870(7).

Engraved and printed l)y tlic I'.ritiHh-Amcrican liank Note Co., of Moiitrcid and Ottawa, upon niedimn white wove unwaterniarhcd pa|)er; yelluwinli gum, niiiehineperforated 12. Design: Diademed, nearly full face, portviit of
value.
(Jueeii

Our

Victoria

looking

to

left,

upon background
label

of

horizontal

lines,

enclosed

within an upright oval.


oval at the
left, top,

Curved

of solid colour following the shape of the

and riglit side, inscribed with the name of the Colony and the word "post.voe" in white Roman capitals. Araljesqucs in the lower cornerH, surrounding a backgnnuul of cross-hatched lines. Tiu! left contains " 3d. hto.," and
the right "cv. 4|d." in white numerals and letters.

The upper

corners also contain

arabesques.

Sliuiic, upriglit rectangular.


4Jil,,

(Dlunlmlinn 102.)

yellowish-brown (shades).

Issue IV.
Sij- valiien.

January 4th

(?),

1872.

and printed by Mr. Charles Whiting, of London, upon medium white wove unwatermarked paper; yellowish or brown gum, nuichine(?)

Lithographed

pi.'rforated 12, 12J.

The

entire sheet of each value consists of one


ten.

hundred stamps,

The same diademed profile of Queen Victoria to left is found upon all the stamps. One Cent. The head rests upon a background of horizontal linos, surrounded by a circular band of solid colour, inscribed with the name of the Colony above and the word " postage," below.
Designs
:

arranged in ten rows of

Straight label of solid colo\ir at the bottom of the stamp, witli value in

full.

Small

upright rectangular blocks of solid colour in


value.

tlic

four corners, containing numeral of

Spandrels

filled

in

wit'.i

reticulations,

completes the

ilesign.

Two

Cents.

The

head

and a plain outer lino of colour is upon a background of solid


reticulations.
I'lain label of

colour, enclosed within a

narrow upright oval l)and of

solid colour surrounding the

upper part of the oval, inscribed with the name of


Straight label of solid colour at the bottom of the

the Colony and "rosTAOE."

stamp, with value

in

full.
<if

Square blocks of
value,

solid

colour in the four corners,


is (lllod

containing Arabic numeral


reticulations, with a border

Tlie remainder of the design


of a plain coloured line.

in with

formed

Three Cento.

The

head of Her Majesty


inscribed with the

is

upon a background of horizontal


it

lines,

enclosed within a

fancy trilobed band of reticulations, having over

a curved label of solid colour

name

of

tlio

Colony.

Straiglit labels of solid colour at the top

t]ie stamp, the lower one extending (juito across. The ujipor bears "i'ostaoe" and the Iwttom one the value in full. Small upright rectangular blocks in the epp ;i cf ,iiei s, containing Arabic numeral of value, The rest of the design consists of rijti^.iiations and a border of a plain coloured line. Four Cents. The head rests upon a liackground of solid colo\ir, enclosed within a fancy-shaped

and bottom of

octagonal band of reticulations.

of the stamp, the upper inscribed in

Straight labels of solid colour at top and bottom two lines " postage prince edward island,"

and the lower with the value in words. Square bhicks of solid colour corners, containing Arabic numeral of value. The sides of the stamp

in the four

are filled in

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND.


with rotioulations, mid
n plain
is

61

milor

c..|(,iiro(l

-Tim
fit

lino cninplotns thn (lu.sign.

Six Cents
within a
colour

Qoni,'.s

hoa,!

a l,,wkKn.UM,l f
of ,rli,n,lalinMs.

Imrizoiilal

linon,

oncl.o,l

faiicy-sli,MMl
tlio top,

h.xa^oiml

l.Mn.l

Two

stn,i-ht laljuln of

snlj,!

'I

mul similar on. at tl,o hntl of M. stamp. TIm, i.ppor are inscrilKMl posTAOE-niiNct: UDWArii. island," aiul the hotton. hears tlio value in words
.soli<l

Siiuaro blocks of

<'ulour in

ones

in

tho

lower,
at

.contain
.siiles

the

retieulationa

tho

of

tho upper cornprs, ami similar upriyht rmtan-ular Arable numeral of value. Straight han(rs of tho stamp ami a border of a plain eoloureil line

of Queen on l)aek-TOund .,f solid colour, enclosed within a band of reticulations forming a twelve-sided figure. Curved plain label of solid colour above, and a similar straight label extending tho whole width of the stamp below. Tlu' upper is inscrihcd\vith tho name of the Colony and "postage," and tho lower with tho value in words.
S,,uare blocks of

complete the design.

Twelve CENia-IIead

upper corners, with Araliic numerals of value. Tlie rest of the composed oi" reticulations and a border of a plain coloured line, Tho inscriptions on all the stamps are in white block letters, excepting the values' in the bottom labels of tho Two, Four, Six, and Twelve Cents, which are in Roman capitals. Shape, upright rcctangidar. {lllwtmUon^ 103, 101, 105, 10(>, 107, 108.)
design
is
1

solid colour in tho

c, orange-yellow (shades).
(

2 c, ultramarine

).

3
4

c.,
e.,

rose

). ).

yellow-green

(
(

c, black
12 c, bright

).
).

mauve

Varieties. (a) All the values


stained the paper

and given it but they are probably only proofs, each half serving as Three Cents

be found with dark brown gum, which has a brownish hue. (ji) All tho values exist imperforate
(c)

may

The Six Cents

is

known divided

in two,

Rciiiad'.t.A large stock of the stamps of each issue remained in the hands of tho postal authoritie.s at the time the Island boeamo incorporated in tho Dominion
of

Canada.

Tho

slock was disposal of

in

1871- to a speculator,

who

has since

supiilied the principal

stamp dealers throughout the world.


K. Taplin-o, M.P.-In The Stamp
a

Note by Md.
p.

T.

Collector's

Magazine,

vol. x.

105, will bo found an


issue.

above

amended notice Among thom is catalogued

relating to the
Timi

values constituting tho


of'"'

Cents on tho authority

The

to have boon Ts\. l^loens from what ho considered a thoroughly satisfactory source, doubt has been thrown upon tho stamp by iMiglish writers but a few weeks since I was shown a specinien in Jlr. Pearson Hill's collection, which he told

ritihdchj. Some discussion arose subsaiuently as to the authenticity of this value, but the mystery attaching to it sooms never to have boon wholly cleared up. Very few specimens were seen, and these ajipear

American Journal of

obtained by
l^rueh

me

had been there over seventeen


Office enabled

years.

him

to get nearly all

Mr. Hill's connection with our fionoral Post his stamps direct from Foreign and Colonial

Governments, and
a cojiy,
is

It is similar in design to the

stamp reached him in the same way. Three Pence of tho lirst issue, tjf which it is apparently though the details are rather larger and the general a])poarance rougher. It
it is

his impression is that this

a companion in style and execution to the issue of which


is

supposed to form
is

a part, and the perforation (machine 12)

identical.

Tho

colour

dull mauve.

63

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND.


was
pi'r|)ai'(>il

It is posrtibli- lliat tlio Htiimii

mul

iii^viT

issuiMl, tliouirh I'voii


iiiiii
ii

in thin
l>y

case Mr.
Pl'iiU'u

Ilili mif,'lit i|iiitt^

well Imvt^
;

liiul

a specimen sunt
if it

with

tlio

othnn
siiec

the
it i

I'Mwiml IsIihkI
Htran^e that
>

(iovcniiiii'iit

but

was merely

fraudulent

iilatimi

sooiiiH

opies are,

ami always have been, exeeedingly

imeduiiiinn.

venture no delinite opinion either one

way

or the otlior, and liope this short note

may

ilriv an answer from

some nue

i|Malilied to

speak with eertainty.

ADJ)Ex\DA.

^I^'CK

tho CiitaloKUd wus priiilrd,


liiivc
liiid

tlic

mrniljcrs
(

(if

the Cdiniiiittcc ciiIiiisIimI with


Tliv

its iMililiciitioii

tlic (iiiiMiiUuiity i.f

uiisultiiif,'

Halifax I'lnlaliHd

for the current year (18S9), the


liy thi'iii.

mimbers of
a
I'oiiy

\vhii:h

hiul

licit

previously been seen

Tlie
iiotiic,

Afiiy

nuiulier

coiitiiiiis

of

a recontly-imlilisheil Ciiimdiiin
.^'e.;

postiil

referriiif;

to eertain alterations in the rates,

mil

in

Ui,.

minihers for

.laniiary

and Kclirnary
Seolia
;

of

Xova

"Sh: Donald A. Kin;,' has (wo fmllier papers upon the stamps while the April number eontains a I'tter from a corrcspoiulent upon

tho bisected stamp of

New

IJrunswick.

Tho Coiumittoo consider

it

advisiible

to

reproduce here

tho four articles mentioned, feeling sure their contents will Ik^ of interest to philatelists, and help tu add further to the cunipletcness of tho iiostal
all

history of each of

tiie

provinces.

CANADA.
"The Canada Two Cent
Tho following
"
'

Keiiistralion

Stamp

will .soon
it

be

a thinj; of the past.

is

the

olliiial

order in connection with

"NOTICE TO THE
Changes
in

PL:15LIC.

Postage Rates uxdeh AuTHoniiy of Post Office Act, 1889.

'"The rate of postage upon Letters posted in Canada, addressed to plai'es within the iJoniiniiin or in the United States, will he three cents per ounce instead of three cents per half ounce as heretofore. "'Upon drop Letters posted at an ollice from which Letters are delivered liy letter carrier, tlie postage rate will be two cents per ounce instead of one cent per half ounce. The rate of ^jostage up(,;i drop Letters, except in the cities, where free delivery by letter carrier has been established, will lie one cent per ounce. "'The fee for the registration of a Letter or other article of mail matter will be five cents upon all lasses of corresiiondeiice passing within the Dominion. For the present, and until further instructed, the registration fee may be prepaid by using the two cent registration stamps and postage stamps to make up the
c

amount.
"'Letters insutliciently prepaid will be charged double the deliciency as heretofore, provided at least u jiartial preiiayment has been made.

"'Letters posted wholly unpaid will be sent to the Dead LettiT Ollice for return to the writer. ,< , j,. q_ HAaaART, Postmidcr-Gm^al.

"'Post OKFiri; DErAnTMKNj, Ottawa, "'8'/ May, 1880.'"

NEW BlIUNSWICK. "COMMENTS ON THE SPLIT STAMPS OF NEW BRUNSWICK.


"(To
tite

Editor of

The Halifax

Philatclis!.')

Scotia split stamps and oddities, I wouhl like to mention a few notes on the split or provincial stamps of New Jirunswick. In tho catalogue list of tho Nova Scotia I'liilatolic Association I find that there arc but two of those split or provisional stamps oll'erod, both Nova Scotia Six Ponce cut dii^onally and used as Throe Pence, and not one split Ni^w I'.runswick.
'I

Having oxamincd your

plate of

Nova

" To

all

appearances, and from what I can learn, I think there were very few of

04
tlii'siI
I

AnnF.NiM,
in'oviHiiiiml
-liimiiM of
liiil

Ni.\v

ItiiiiiHwick
tlit^

\\m>A,

mul
I

lliorofoiv
'

tl Hi.y lire

iiivc

never seen

Very nire.
liiil

tliive nr
,

fmir on
tl

nri ;iMal

my
ilrt

ii\
,

pi'M,
i,,

mill lm\(

e,>ll..eli,.i.

-II Ten

l\
,i....,l

(,'.

vemiili

New
tJ,

linmswi.k,
eiivelci|ie,
I

,.(

|,lf veiiieMlly,

uml

IV

I'lve tlelit hIiuii|


iHCiit;

rif^iniil

ami

is |inMliiiiiikei|
lliii

K in.sl..M,
,/,iiiiliiinilhi

'SI, .Inlm,

\,,v.

IHOO.'

liave iilso lieahl of


li.ive

vevniilidn,

Ten CenI,
nueil.
i

lieiii'' cni,

iiis(eail

of verlieiilly, Iml
liisl,

\s the seeond
tlic

isMii.

of
III

New
iii|w

not seen any ho

Illiniswiek
sliort,

eaiiie into

use in iHfiO,

|ireHlllilil
tl

Miipply
Cleiit,
I

(if

Imv(. (Jeiil

ran

Ten

ami llms
staiiilis

sii;,'t,'e.sle(l

the Hiijiitin- of
holli

vermilion, siam|
I'eiiiiy
heiiij;
eiil
I

iiave also liearil_of the Six

d ia^'omtlly ami
Ninj,'le

iii>ri/.oiiliill y, aiiil iiseil

'Can any
(louh

would like to know if any of the reaih'rs ever seen any of the liij,'li vahii's thus'comhii
lid
ill

an envelope wliieli had lieeii sent out to M elhonrne, ,.. Australia, in lH(iO It was mailed iil Kiii-slun, N.li., in May, IMOO, and wvnl' London. On the envelope, whieli is yellow, are a One Shilli UK, violet, and one half of u Six \inee, yelli ", ml in half (lia,','onally, ami presiiiiialily 1 used as Three I'einn\ makiiij{ IV total of lift ei'ii pence, ipiile ii lii;,'h rate I'cjr ii single etler, as such presume it to 1u Tli^ l'( liny stamp is very liri^'ht, Imt the One SI iillnii,' IS so whiil faded.
I

New Unmswiek

as Three I'eniiv, lull Imve not en lint Useil, hrotlier olleetors tell what rale was eliarKeil for etters to Australia in iNliO? I in the Dili of tl lis all I
of

my

or

reeeiveil

fn

.if

7V,e

Hal

ij'ii.i'

i'/ii/aMM havi!

iccupy a proiiiinent

place

tl

le

all cullect

I tl ink they are very rar and rcpreM'Utalion of New Mr iinswic k sti nipH

lumiuur,

J'lirf

Jcr-iit,

N.y.

r/iilalelM.]

stamps of Xew liruiiswiek an d(m)>t hut t ley are not iiioiv so than any of the other I!. .\. A. I'mvi Canada seems to ho thi! only lie which did not do tlii s, as split stamps from her e mv verv scarci The rate on Jitter from Nova Scotiiv to Victoria w IS one shilliiij^r and threepence. we presuini) it wiva the siiiiiu from Now llrunswick. DiTcju of Thv llalifd.
split
I

"[The

1'

From
the issue of

the ahove letter, wc imh therefore add the fi May 15tli, 1800, on piv-.^ 31) of the Catalo-ue
ii

llowiiij; at

the holtom of

Varic/y.Thii Tun Cents


c.

known

cut in two dia','oimlly, and also vertically.

(half 10 c), soarlet-vuniiiliun.

NOVA SCOTIA.
i

"SOME OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS UELATING TO THE FlUST

NOVA SCOTIA

IS.SUE

OF

STAMP.S.

"TllK postal service of the liritish-Aiuerican i)roviiices, until the year \m\, was directly "inder the control of the K,ifr|ish I'ost Ollice Departii.eiil. This, with the liiKh rate of posta-e, llie insiillicieiit mail accoiiiiiio,l,itioii, and the striic'eiit laws against a private person carryin.i,' or delivering a Letter

on

tlii^

iiost voacj,

cause of innumerable .omplaints on the part of the Colonic, and gave the Eiifedish 1 ost Oliice ollicials the IrouMi' of senilin^' out lont,' despatclios. "The Colonics cuinplaincd that the ICiit,'lish Post Otlic; took a lai^e aimaint of revenue .h^rived from the postal service, which the Colonies were not ahle l,i loso out of the country. The Kn-lish olli,.iaIs said that there was an annual deli.'it in Nova Scotia aloiu! of iiJ.OOO per aniuim. This state of tliin-s existed for yoar,s and every annual ivjiort of the I'ost OMice Commissioners which sx.xh laid on the tabic of th(- local Legis iture was full of complaitits under this head. To "ive ii spi.cimen from one of the reports of these Post Ollice Coniiiiissions, the followin.' is e.xtracted from their annual report for the year 1814 in Xova Hcotia. After speaking in favour of ,t large reduction in postal rates, they say: 'This, with tho use of no.st stamps trom dies authorized by the proper authorities, would render the transit of l.etters_aiu 1 apers ss complicated, and give the relief rcpiired by the people.'
)

was

tlio

no answer was returned till some time in 1H4.'), when was received from the I'ostiiiaster-Geiieiul of Ureat Britain, Lord
this

'To

a Ion" despatcli
Loiis"lalu,

who

St

ADDKNDA.

,,5

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A.\,

.Sn.tii
ll,,.,,

IS

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,;

wl,i,.||
.,f

nii.iml
s,.li)
.'

liilU'Mi.l,
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Ouvniinr
..I.:

\v
,
,

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t 'MM'II.IMI, ..,,(,.11, in

y.Mir
I 1

lnWiii,
,.,,,". raillKll
,. hilt

(V,.,,,,,,,!

IIH

1^1. 1,,.

,1.1.,

('(lllhHCr

I'liih'.!

Kin..,ln,

Tl

'

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will

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II'"

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tli.H.
, ,

41 ,riii|linn
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|1.

|,|,,vii,n.

tlii.
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I.'.

K,

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was

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w.iv not

allw,.,| to .Irlivrr

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,

f'liiia,

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I

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to taki

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Sculia,

ami as

pcnvivc

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''i'pii';"'Ho.usn,,;i;,::;r;i;:,.!^';:j;^-':;i!';^f;,,-::^^^^^^
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,

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l->r.lM,.Uu Lrtturs, or ^'""^'V i-'

LVf tirnf.''ll',l,r',r''

'''!"'>'.,"'""'l

Uaters
"f

..,c....,lii|.-

l^tn;:ll;:'!nU,:i;;;i"!i;:,

s,:,;''^""""

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ti,..

.ven;i

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n-^
maa;:'i:;.];i:;,:inj;;;;'i;!'::,,^:i';''-''^

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<..i..--

a,nK.a,.ents

ti.: ;'l;t oili^^'ii^t;;;:,;;;;';:;;';:::;::^

"
;,i;i,^;;r'

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-"

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f tlu. .Icsi^-n nirntinn,.,l in

tliis

hlU-r

is

tl.

niai-iii f

t!i..

HI...

;:;iv Jiiko
,,
I

,1

!" -^ :r:a:'i?M:;;s,^'':!:;,;:;,;;::'f;:;jt;' '"""> '-^"l''"';? lliat tliLTiMs not Tin-. ; 1

111,

SK-.'.;:;f !::};:. crown iir wivatli

..ini,(,.,i
i

Lim''
"of
:^^i

i;;"!!;!,,;'''
'

St.

,'',,?;'

"r7'f' '^'''''"-

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was vo,y

,iid.

liko

u,

"'^"'" l"-* "

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'li-'"''^""'

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U,,,

66

ADDENDA.

of, iind ordered the Postnmster-Oeneml. At the same he apparently had th<^ power to ileeide <m the desi-u of the Xew lirunswick stamps, as may b,. inf.'ircd from the foUowiii;,' memorandum; or perhaps the stamps ol holli Co (.nies were boii-ht tcetli,.r for the sake of eecmomy. The memorandum

previous, liad (lo.-i-ns [Wn siiliiiiitlod to him mid approved neuessnry stiun) witlioul Ww, kiuiu-lud-o of tile
tinu'

IS

tlatod .hiiy 8th, 1851,

and

is

copivd from

tlie

same

letter-book

"'memo.
the ap].h'(ation for stamps, it was proposed that, anive.l, llie i^latus could have been sent out, and en-raveis in Halifax. As Mr. Saunders, liowevcr, seems to rqiort against tne iiii)osili(in, I Haild Ikto suf,'f,'est, for the consideration of tlie Oovernment, that 10,000 H-ortli of stamps for Nova Scotia, and a similar amount tor Ivew Brunswick; viz.
'

"

Wheii Mr.
Inst

Howe made
had
oil

nller the

siii.ply

impressions taken

l,y

3d.
.

'.'),0()()

6(1.

.
'.

2,50(1

Is.

.
\

2,500
k.

be

rnrnislieil tor inime'liate

to dcjulile the

above numbers.

use; or, should this iiiuuuiit be consiJercil too

'"I would also recommend that 200 half-pound canisters be also provided 1011 for the use of this province, and 100 for
aiid directions lor its use.

of oblileratiii" ink

New LrunswrckA

"Mv.

II.

kkatin-o,

ks.|.,

juhjm, ma.'

"'(Si.-n.d) '
^

"

of stamps was ordered couM not be found out, nor can any trace of fnrtlicr orders be found until 18.")7, wlieii an application-letter was .sent to the Proviueial Secretary, and which will be copied later on.

"What amount

"It was mentioned in above letter tliat a proposal was made that the plate.s should be sent out, and stamps wanted could be printed from here. T'lis seems to be the opinion anion- Knnli.sh iihilalelists, as Mr. W. A. S. Westoby says in a letter to me of February (jtli, 1888, that h.^ was informed by the makers of tlio and Co. tliat the plates of the Xova Scotia and P.runswKdv stamps wen^ sent out liere on the .same day Auj,'ust 6tli, IS-^l receipt of this, I wrote :\fr. F. M. Passow, wlio was cliief clerk of tlio Aova Scotiaii Post Ollicc^ Departinent, to en(|uire whether the plates ever came here. He .said, '1 doubt if the plates were ever sent out to Halifax I never saw them.' To make this positive, we find, in the letter to the Provincial Secretary above referred, indisputable evidence that the plates were in England in 1857. The
,,late.s--:Messrs. Perkins, IJacoii,

Xew

"On

letter is as follows

"'General Post Office, Halifax,


"'Jnbj2iid, 1857.
stock of pasta^je stamps procured from England some time a"o nearly e.\liausted, I have the b.oiiour to reiiuest that yon will be "ood enough to issue the necessary directions to Jlr. Stanford, No. 6, Charint! Cross. London, lor a further demand ; viz.
belli";

"'Sin, The

10,1)00 sheets of 3d. postage stamiis 2,'100 ',, G.I.


i.2''<i

value 20,000

10,000
i;io,ooo

Is.

I'll

'f

8 respectively, and to be those alli.xed on the iiiargin. '"The last supply of stamps was furni.shed by Mr. Trelawney Saunders, who lias traiislerred his business to Mr. Stanford. In applying for these posta-e labels, theretore, it will be neces-sary you .should furnish Mr. SUinford with your authority to produce the key for opening th bo,\ containing the dies, which are now ill the possession of the engravers, Messrs. Perkins, Bacon, and Petch, who also are in possession of a key fur the safe custody of the dies. " It is particularly reipiestcd tliat the stamps ' mav be forwarded at as early a period as possible, those remaining on liaiu' iiig not only nearly expended but much injuicd. AVheii making the re(piisitioii, it would lie as well to caution the engravers not to pack the parcels toe; close for when they are strictly confined they ailhere, and become useless, as was the case with orae of the iiackiu'es in the " last supply furnished. ' 1 have, &c. &c.
the colour
ol
'
,

Kach sheet to contain IGO stamp,s, making each sliei't

labels of Tliree Penny, Si.K of the value of 2, 4, and

Pemiv,

,.ud

One

Sliilling

ixm "'Tho

11 ^ ,. n, Ho.v. C. U. TurrKi!, M,D., ii.P.P., Ualifaic.'

"'(Signed)

A.

Woodgate.

ADDENDA.
lsr.-w"V"'
ve'io sent
>'?1"'.^'t''^'>^f' <>1
(tl.o.^n

67
of July
8tl>,

18M,

anil

July

2iul,

"

'""

"

"'"''

"'"""'"'' "" ''""^'^ ""^'''

'1'^'"

l"'" '*"l'Plis

ight Ono .Sh.lh,,^., ar. thr carli.r issu.. After ..xa>ninatio,. of a arge of spt'cuuciis of tli(^ t\V(j lower values es on the tl ori-nud cover, a dark blue Three Pence or yellow-gri^en Six Peiu:. is sc'ldom fiamd after Xovembcr, 1857. From that date the li.ulit blue Three Pence and irk 1,'reen Si.\- Pence is the rule. At the time tlie last supiilies were sent tail, in 18:)7" soi ue sheets of the Three Pence and Six Penee were -..- I.....VV.,. printed ,... on u an intensely luLi-useiy b'hu oiue paoer, iper, as 1 ,. I Imvi^ ,,. 7, lavi^ in mv ,, collection a Six Pence on this blue paper split aial used as Three Pence on original cover, postmarked I unenburg, Dec. 7, 1859,' and an entire one on envelope pi from same place, 'l>eb. (date indistinct), 18G0/ The Three ]'ence is on a much liliier pai)er than the ordinary dark shades of _. same on .. lilue ,,., paper of the earlier issue. Of tli(> Six Pence on blue jiaper 1 have only seen f. our specimens, and [ have examined a large number of that value ''"'; l"''"""o'"f.tl>e Three Peiic was on a white paper, which was tintej'Tl," tmteil blu(! on lace by the ink, m' msulliciently-cleaned plates
-shade

of the

number

IS

on

a iiaper

which shows

somewhat

The Six Pence

bluish shade in

it.

"D. A. Kixn.'

"DATE OF ISSUE OF THE ONE PENNY NOVA SCOTTA.


" WiiRE the exact date of issue <,f the Throe Pence, Six Pence, and One Shilli,,. Xova Scotia stamps has been discovered, that of the One Penny has only been guessed at Having lately been fortunate enough to procure access to the letter"'"' '" J'q'artmenf, I have l,een enabled to make the ^^"t;i'l^^''^t nt. almost nb date exact, as will be seen by the following letter of th., Postnu.ster-Oeneral of .Nova feeotia, and copied from the lotterJ.ook of that Department:

'"Halifax,
nf *9n(f!l!:.;;^ ^T'A "",;'"'"""r '"
^
>'^"l'W'<t

M,ii/

I2th, 1853.

that

Office"^
"

tfPiti?:

"""'^;:
'"'l^'^

(amoun,i,
'^^

limy l,e furiiislicd with a RUiiply t .00), for the use of the

'pU

Itece!.e,:Gen.ral of Nor^a

S^Jh!!^'^

^^ '''"^^' P'>'(''''><^r.General.

'' f'f "' <" l'""y stamps in the IctterJiook, and the .Ut. "o?i' ";f I"T"?" date of issue ^Y shoiil.l think, be taken from that application. In the le terJ.ook containing copies of letters to deputies, the
1.-.

from the Postmaster of Amlierst, the answer

(h.t re,|uisitio for One Penny to which, here given, is;

stamps '

to the

"'Halifax, /h/)c 30//i, 1H53. '"Sin, I beg to enclose herewith, agreeably to your request, iiosta.'e stamns amount of 2 5s. viz., one sheet of Throe Peiu'e an. six y lul els of One Penny .lamps. A so a supply of the proper priatcl
;

will thank

you

applications,

to tdl

up

,.' ul

au.l

return to this

oliice

"lam.&c&c,
"'Postm/ster, Amherst.'

with the ackiiowleagmeiit


.(,si,) '
^

"

"c. ^-

H H Ji.
^i.

"Amherst was then one


;'"'
i
.

of tlie
'."."

largc'sl
l'''""->-

towns of
'"l"i''^"l

"" "r",:V""""l;'f vTnn e outsid.. Halifax. he re.piisitions


I

this Province, outside of the

'"'" '"

^'"^11

One lenny stamps asked


StillClLV,

h.r,

being used as they were for

show that this was the usual number of sometmn.s a little more, mid very oft,.n less ;n,l n merely town or drop postage, .accounts for'
their

"se of this

"D. A.

Ki.N-G,"

The shoot of tho Ono Penny thorcforo contair.al 120 stamps, while those of the Tliree Pence, Six Pence, and One .Shilliag, as wo see from Mr. a. Woo.lgato's letter of >iuiy July inu, 2nd is.)/. 18W wore each oniposed of 100 stamps.

yi'!^s/:i^2^ji^>^i>.^

Sir

wft

'mMs^ms2m^zs?:s^,s?m^mmzmmszm

iC

TQSs0*wf^w*^
*C*iT yClAlt II I
T5>
-1/

""^^^ ,, urn uuHtKss Hv/j-ru un wkittkX v tbis swk J,


.

-4.

^mi

^
I

1 ?H 'M"

C VV 1 >

9^