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# Total No.

of Questions : 12]

P1584

## [3762]-31 S.E. (Mechanical S/W)

STRENGTH OF MACHINE ELEMENTS
(202061) (2003 Course)

## [Max. Marks : 100

Answer 3 questions from Section-I and 3 questions from Section-II. Answers to the two sections should be written in separate books. Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary.

## Assume suitable data, if necessary.

SECTION - I UNIT - I

## Take Esteel = 2 Ecopper.

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Q1) a) Two Copper rods and one steel rod together supports a load P as shown in Figure No. 1. If the stresses in the copper and are not to exceed 75 MPa and 150 MPa resptly. Find the safe load that can be supported. [8]

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Use of logarithmic tables, slide rule, Mollier charts, electronic pocket calculator and steam tables is allowed.

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b) Direct stresses of 160 N/mm2 tensile and 120 N/mm2 compressive exists on two mutually perpendicular planes at a certain point in a body. They are also accompanied by shear stresses on the planes. The greatest principal stress at the point due to these is 200 N/mm2. i) What will be the magnitude of shearing stresses on the two planes? ii) What will be the magnitude of maximum shearing stress at the point? [6]

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## Esteel = 200 GPa

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c) Explain the procedure to draw Mohrs circle when the member is subjected to tensile stresses on two mutually perpendicular planes along with shear stresses. [4]
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b) At a point in a strained material, the stresses on two mutually perpendicular planes are as shown in Figure No. 2 Find. [6] i) The resultant stress on plane AB. ii) The Principal Stresses and Planes. iii) The Maximum shear stress.

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Q2) a) The steel tube of 50 mm outer diameter and 10 mm thick is fitted into a copper tube of inner diameter 50 mm and 10 mm thick. They are connected rigidly at the ends and the compound bar is free of stresses at normal temperature. If the length of compound bar is 600 mm. Find the stresses developed in the tubes when the temperature is raised by 25C. [8] Take steel = 12 106/ C, copper = 17.5 106/ C Ecopper = 120 GPa

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c) Draw and Explain Stress-Strain diagram for low carbon steel with all salient points. [4]

UNIT - II Q3) a) A curved link of the mechanism made from round steel bar is shown in Figure No. 3. The material of the link is plain carbon steel 30C8 (Syt = 400 N/mm 2) and the factor of safety is 3.5. Determine the diameter rod of the link. [8]

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b) The I section is as shown in Figure No. 4, is simply supported over a span of 10 Meters. If the maximum permissible bending stress is 80 N/mm2. What concentrated load can be carried at a distance of 3.5 meter from one support? [8]

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OR Q4) a) Derive the equation for shear stress induced at a distance y from the neutral axis in the cross section of a beam subjected to shear force.[6] b) A steel beam of hollow square section of 60 mm outer side and 50 mm inner side is simply supported on a span of 4 meters. Find the maximum concentrated load the beam can carry at the middle of the span if the bending stress is not to exceed 120 N/mm2. [6] c) Explain: i) Torsional Shear Stress. ii) iv) UNIT - III iii) Fluctuating loads. Impact loads. [4] Bending Stresses in beams.

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b) The diagram shown in Figure No. 6 is the shear force diagram for the beam which rests on two supports one being at left end. Draw the loading and bending moment diagram from it with all important points. [8]

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Q5) a) A beam ABCD is fixed at A and D and has hinges at B and C as shown in Figure No. 5. Draw S.F.D. and B.M.D. indicating all important points. [8]

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OR Q6) a) Draw the Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagrams for the beam shown in Figure No. 7 with all important points. [12]

b) Draw the Shear Force Diagram for the beam shown in Figure No. 8. [4]

## Q7) a) Derive the following relation for torsion.

T G = = J R L

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SECTION - II UNIT - IV

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[8]

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b) Find the slope and deflection at free end of cantilever beam shown in Fig. 9. If the cross-section of beam is 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep. Take modulus of elasticity for beams material E = 11 GPa. [10]

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OR Q8) a) A solid shaft in a rolling mill transmits 20 kW at 2 Hz. Determine the diameter of the shaft. If the shear stress is not to exceed 40 MPa and the angle of twist is limited to 6 in a length of 3 m. Take G = 83 GPa. [8] b) Calculate the maximum deflection of the beam AB shown in Fig. 10. [10] Take E = 200 GPa and I = 1.2 109 mm4.

## Q9) a) Write short note on the following: i) ii)

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UNIT - V

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[6] Maximum Principal Stress Theory. Maximum Distortion Energy Theory. i) ii) Fe350 50C4

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## iii) FG300 iv) 20Cr16Ni2 v) 40C10S18 vi) 20MnCr5

c) State the advantages and drawbacks of cast iron as an engineering material. [4]

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## b) Give the meaning of the following designation of material.

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OR Q10) a) A solid circular shaft subjected to a bending moment of 60 kN.m and a torque of 15 kN.m. Design the diameter of shaft by using i) ii) Maximum principal stress theory. Maximum shear stress theory.

## iii) Maximum strain energy theory.

b) Select the suitable material for the following components and justify.[4] i) ii) V-belt Gasket

## iii) Toughness iv) Brittleness

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Q11) a) Derive a relation for the Eulers crippling load for a column having one end fixed and other end free. [6] b) A thin spherical vessel of 200 mm radius is to be designed for internal pressure of 20 MPa with factor of safety 2.5. Determine minimum wall thickness required if normal strain is not to exceed 1.2 103. Assume yield strength in tension and shear to be 940 MPa and 450 MPa respectively. Assume E = 200 GPa and = 0.28. [6] c) Show that in a bar subjected to an axial load; the instantaneous stress due to sudden application of a load is twice the stress caused by the gradual application of load. [4]
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## c) Define the following properties of material.

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[4] UNIT - VI

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Assume = 0.28. Yield strength of shaft is 225 MPa and factor of safety = 2.5. [8]

OR Q12) a) Find Eulers critical load for a hollow cylindrical Cast Iron column 200 mm external diameter and 25 mm thick if it is 6 meter long and hinged at both ends. Take E = 8 104 N/mm2. Compare Eulers critical load with Rankines critical load taking C = 550 N/mm2 and
1 . 1600 For what length of column would the critical load by Eulers and Rankines formula be equal? [8] =

b) Determine the maximum stress and elongation of a bar 2.5 m long and 20 mm diameter when an axial pull of 60 kN is applied on it the modulus of Elasticity is E = 200 GPa. [4] c) An open cylindrical tank has 20 m diameter and is to be used to store an oil upto 6 m height find the thickness of tank necessary for factor of safety 3 in yielding. Assume Yield = 250 MPa, (Rho) for oil = 850 kg/m3. rrr

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[4]