Training Program on Composting of biodegradable waste

Gangtok 18th & 19th November 2013

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A two day training program was conducted on Composting of Bio-Degradable waste under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan. It was organized by Department of Rural Management & Development Department and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Government of Sikkim. The departments invited Clover Organic Pvt. Ltd., to give the training as they had been working on composting of solid waste in many parts of India with various organizations. The participation was excellent as as many as 31 participants came for the same and in addition the Indian army, headed by Colonel Jose also came from the program as the army wished to carry out the same within their campus and all battalions spread over Sikkim and neighbouring areas.

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This training program took place mainly due to the efforts put in by Mrs. Yishey Yongda (Joint Secretary), who has made it a personal mission to ensure that Sikkim becomes the cleanest State in the Country. Mr. Satyen Pradhan (Joint Secretary) handled all the logistics and ensured the smooth running of the program against all odds. The program was conducted so that all stakeholders (NGOs & Government staff) get acquainted with the science of composting well and are able to ensure that bio-degradable waste does not contaminate the environment in their respective areas. 1. Course content: The following topics were discussed and explained by Mr. Sanjay Aggarwal (CEO, Clover Organic Pvt. Ltd.)
On 18th November 2013 TIME 10:00-10:20 10:20-10:45 10:45-11:15 11:15-12:00 12:00-13:00 13:00-13:30 13:30-14:00 14:00-14:15 14:15-14:30 14:30-15:00 15:00-15:30 15:30-16:15 16:15-17:00 Introduction of the participants and Clover Organic Pvt. Ltd. Introduction of the Course and what can be expected to learned What is compost? Why is it necessary that solid waste should be composted? What re the different types of compost and their pluses and minuses? LUNCH What are Bulking Agents and Energy Material and their role in composting? Factors that decide the composting area How to judge the quality of compost? Method of carrying out Heap composting Method of carrying out Enclosed composting & Energy Pillars Method of carrying out Bio-Cap composting Brief test of the participants

On 19th November 2013 TIME 10:00-13:00 13:00-13:30 13:30-15:30 15:30-16:00 Practical session of Bio-Cap, Heap, Enclosed composting & Energy Pillars LUNCH Practical session of Bio-Cap, Heap, Enclosed composting & Energy Pillars Valedictory

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The department had displayed various products made from waste in an attempt to enthuse the participants to follow suit. These included pens made with waste paper and bags made from waste sacks.

It was ensured that the training was conducted in an interactive manner so that all participants were able to understand each topic properly. The participants were divided into 2 teams and points were given against the correct answers, that had to be derived through group discussions. The winning team received chocolates for their efforts. A competitive environment was created as a result. The participants rose to the occasion and were enthusiastic about their questions and responses. At the end of the training program, a test was carried out for each team to ensure that proper learning had taken place. 2. Composting Models: Though Clover has come up with about 42 modes of carrying out composting, 3 methods were taught to the participants in keeping with their requirements and keeping in mind the logistics. These were: A. Heap Composting. B. Enclosed Composting. C. Bio-Cap Composting. The merits and de-merits of carrying out composting with each of these methods was explained. The participants carried out hands on training on these methods thereafter.
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3. NatureVel - SW: Clover is manufacturing the most advanced organic certified composting agent called NatureVel - SW. This agent contains about 10 different microbes & herbal extracts that assists in composting. It has a shelf life of 12 months and does not need to be multiplied or activated unlike other microbial products. Samples of the same were distributed to all the participants. They were also introduced to Clover’s supplier in Sikkim for any further demand. 4. Suggestions: At the end of the training program, suggestions were taken from all the participants. These suggestions along with suggestions from Clover have been consolidated below: a. A small room could be provided at the Block level to stock all the recyclable waste so that marketable volumes can be created and sold to the vendors. b. Vendors for various recyclable products like bottles (except beer bottles that can be sold to the breweries), cardboard, cans, plastic (of various types) can be identified to ease the process of marketing to them. c. NatureVel - SW be made available at the Block level by the department so that purchasing can take place easily. d. Composting instructions could be made available in Nepali language by the department. e. The compost made should have a local market. Agreements with Departments of Agriculture and Horticulture could be made for the same. This shall add value to Sikkim becoming an organic State. f. There is more waste generated in the urban and peri-urban areas. If a tie could take place with UD&HD department along with GMC so that entire waste is addressed, then it could make the whole process more economical and efficient. g. An action plan with a SWM policy for Sikkim should be created so that there is clarity and accountability of different stakeholders.

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