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DISCUSSION

Energy is stored in the chemical structure of the complex molecules of the food materials. The energy needs of fish are supplied by fats, carbohydrates and proteins. The energy expended increases with increasing feeding level (Brooby, 19 !". #or rearing $a%or &ndian carp fingerlings in ponds 'a(shmana et al., (19)*" suggested that the feed to be provided in the first month be e+uivalent to be body weight, and in the second and the third month twice those initial weight of the fry stoc(ed. ,en and -ha(rabarthy (19.9" provided feeding e+uivalent to the initial body weight of the fry stoc(ed for three months. /hingran (19.9", reported characteristics of the successful fish feed include palatability, high conversion value abundant availability and low cost. The choice of the food items for the experiments was based on these considerations. The items are also valuable as there nutritive value is as close as possible to natural food. &t should be noted that in the present investigation of the * plant and animal feed, the Catla catla is having the food maximum preference Amaranthus spinosus (*.!0 1 2.22. gm dry wt" , -hic(en s(in (*.30 1 2.22. gm dry wt" and minimum preference towards Raphanus Sativus ( .3* 1 2.22 gm dry wt" 4oat liver (0.39 1 2.220 gm dry wt".

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,everal authors have reported variations in energy budget of fish , due to +uality (5andian and 6auramab,19.3" and +uality of food (5andian and $adhavan , 19.)"7 8ive(andandan et al ., 19.. 7 9aniffa and 8en(atachalam, 19*2 . &n the present investigation also, variation in energy budget of -atla catla was noticed as a function of +uality food. $aximum feeding rate was (2.2*9 1 2.22* mg : gm :day" and (2.2* 1 2.22* mg : gm :day" -atla catla plant and animal feeds Amaranthus spinosus and chic(en s(in. #eeding rate of -atla catla reported in the present investigation is much lesser in the comparable with the previous authors. #or instance, (5andian and 6raguraman, 19.3" reported (!* mg:gm:day" feeding rate for Tilapia mossambica. ;ccording to 8ive(andan et al., (19..", the feeding rate of Anabas sandens ranged from ().3 to 39.3 mg:gm:day" ,ebastian 19*3, reported 0. to !.. mg:gm:day feeding rate for Cirrhiinus mirgala fed on different typed of Molluscan flesh and labeo calbasu ranged from (1*..). to 121.! mg:gm:day". 9anifa and 8en(atachalam (3221" reported absorption efficiency ranging from )!<*! for plant food, (*!<9! =for animal food, and .)<9* = for food combination. &n most cases (except in A.spinosus" animal food supplementation increased the conversion efficiency. 5atnai( #leming, ,elvanayagam (3223" reported the maximum absorption efficiency (*9 =" was noted in L.rohita fed on Daucus carrota. The minimum conversion efficiency (19=" was noted in L.rohita fed on Brassica oleracea. ;mong the animal food the maximum absorption
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efficiency (9* =" L.rohita fed on 4oat liver and minimum conversion efficiency (! >" fed on egg white. 8en(atesh and ,hetty (19.*", reported )2<)!> of absorption efficiency for the Catla catla fed on !drilla and Ceratoph!lam. ;ccording to 9aniffa and ven(atachalam (19*2", the absorption was more in plant diet (* >" when compared with the animal diet (.!>". &n the present investigation, the maximum and minimum efficiency (...03>, !.)3>" and (...29, ..30>" for the test fish fed on Amaranthus spinosus, Raphanus sativus, Chic"en s"in, #oat liver, and were noticed. ;ccording to 6ic(lefs (19.0", absorption efficiency is largely determined by the +uality of this diet. 9aniffa to ?rupaucer (19).", there was no growth for the Catla catla fed on plant food and he drew a conclusion that exclusively plant food must lead to death of fish. &t is clear that not only feeding rate is 0<) times greater in combination of plant and animal food when compared with separate plant and animal food. The present investigation stressed that the maximum conversion rate 2.22..,2.2!19 mg:gm:day" for Catla catla fed on Amaranthus spinosus -hic(en s(in, #eeding rare, absorption rate metabolic rate higher in fingerlings. This emphatic trend is (eeping with observation made by 5andian (19).", who reported the digestion rate varied inversely with si@e.
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&n the present study, the experimental fish were fed with plant and animal diets. The same methods of feeding have been reported by Brinda and ;ravindan (199 ". The maximum absorption efficiency was found to be (9*..3>" and 91.9)>" when the common crap was fed with feed and dry feed respectively. The present study investigation, the maximum feeding rate ( 2.2*912.22* mg:g:day" for the fish Catla catla fed on Amaranthus spinosus , -hic(en s(in, 5atni(, #leming,,elvanayagam (3223" observed the maximum food consumed (11.*!)12.21* gm dry wt" the test fish Ctenophar!ngodon idella fed on Daucus carrota. The minimum food consumed (9. 12.223) gm dry wt" fed on $rassica oleracea.

The present wor( showed maximum food consumption and the food converted (*.!0 1 2.22. gm dry wt" and (2...12.221 gm dry wt" respectively that the fish fed on Amaranthus spinosus and -hic(en s(in. $erlin Aayana, #leming, shanthi, Birmala observed the maximum consumption rate (2.222)3 1 2.2222. mg:gm:day", absorption rate (2.22112.2220 mg:gm:day" the test Ctenophar!ngodon idella fed %ichoniacrassipes. The present investigation showed them maximum absorption efficiency (...03, ...29>" and maximum conversion efficiency (9.!., *.9.>" the test fish Catla catla fed on Amaranthus spinosus and -hic(en s(in.

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