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Fan Static Pressure

The Fan Static Pressure is expressed as the Fan Total Pressure minus the velocity pressure at the fan discharge, or:

P s fan = P t loss + P v system


- P v discharge

Where P v discharge = Velocity Pressure at the Fan Discharge For Exhaust Systems !ith resistance only on the inlet side, the fan static pressure is:

P s fan = P t loss
For exhaust system: P v system outlet = P v discharge For Supply Systems !ith resistance on the outlet side, the fan static pressure is:

P s fan = P t loss - P v discharge

P v system outlet can "e assumed to "e #

The diagram "elo! illustrates the difference "et!een exhaust and supply systems

Pressure Calculations
Brea the system into sections! $ ne! section occurs at: %& 'hanges in duct si(e )& 'hange in air volume Calculate losses for each section! *egin at the section farthest from the fan and !or+ to!ards the fan For each section: "! #rite do$n or calculate all no$n varia%les! $ir Flo! ,ate -.& Duct 'ross/Sectional $rea of the section -$& 'enter/0ine 0ength of the section -0& $ir Velocity through the section -V=.1$& Velocity Pressure -Pv = -V12##3&)& #rite do$n or calculate all pressure losses in the section! a' List the Component Losses/Gains! 4ncurred "y hoods, 5SPs, filters, dampers, etc %' Calculate the Dynamic Losses/Gains! 6ccur through el"o!s, transitions, tees, or any other type of fitting 7se the $S8,$5 Fitting Diagrams to find Dynamic 0oss 'oefficients for fittings Be sure to factor in System Effect( c' Calculate Frictional Losses/Gains! 7se the $S8,$5 Friction 'hart for 9standard: galvani(ed duct!or+ 7se the Darcy/Weis"ach 5;uation for 9non/standard: duct such as flex duct Sum up the Component* +ynamic* and Frictional Pressure for the section! Sum up the pressure losses for all of the sections!


)! ,!

-ssumptions and Corrections

Standard -ir +ensity* !./0 l%1cu ft* is used for most 23-C applications! Frictional losses %ased on galvani4ed metal duct $ith ,. 5oints per ".. ft! Correction for 67on-Standard6 +uct Material 4f material other than galvani(ed metal is used in parts of the system, you !ill have to ad<ust for the difference in the material=s roughness factor This means the Friction Chart typically used to determine frictional losses cannot "e used and you must use a variation of the +arcy-#eis%ach E8uation See the section titled E8uations for more information on this e;uation Correction for +ensity >ot needed if the temperature is "et!een 2# ?F to %## ?F and elevations are "et!een %### ft to %### ft Correction for Moisture >ot needed if air temperature @ %## ?F