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We lack the wherewithal to catch and punish the corrupt Many of us believe that corruption is the biggest problem

in India and if we could punish the corrupt by catching them, it would solve a lot of our problems. I would like to take a look at some of the root causes of corruption in India. The basic cause is that the government is not designed for accountability and delivering services to its citizens. This is a larger problem, which can be resolved if adequa-te effort is made to streamline administrative processes. There is some truth in the idea that we lack the wherewithal to catch the corrupt. The anti-corruption bureau (ACB) in Maharashtra registered 654 cases during 2011. The instances of corruption each day must be in the thousands, and if only 654 cases are registered in a year by the ACB, it is only tokenism. There is a need to find a way of raising this figure by at least 20 times, if the ACB is to have any meaningful impact. Similarly, a look at the performance of the Lokayukta in Maharashtra shows that, with a staff of over 80 people, it received 11,153 allegations during the 25-year period between 1981 and 2006, and could find only 57 instances where it recommended any action by the government. If this is

the performance of two of our institutions in one state, can they have any impact on corruption? However, I would submit that there is another, more fundamental cause of corruption: Our inability to punish the few corrupt persons our investigative agencies identify. To illustrate, I am presenting data published in the Indian Police Journal in April-June 2010. A study was done of the performance of an anti-corruption branch of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for the period 1980-84 (mean year 1982) in the year 2008, that is, after 26 years. I would first like to present the raw data.

Corruption is a global phenomenon; it is omnipresent. In India corruption is a major problem and one of the key deterrents of development. Corruption in India has been present in India right from the Independence days. Typically, corruption on India is closely associated with the money laundering and bribery, which means utilizing the money for some illegal activities. Corruption has become an integral part of the Indian society; it has become so common that it has almost become Corruption in India is a major issue and adversely affects its economy. A study conducted by Transparency International in year 2005 found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully.[2][3] In

its study conducted in year 2008, Transparency International reports about 40% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or using a contact to get a job done in public office. Most of the largest sources of corruption in India are entitlement programmes and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government. Other daily sources of corruption include India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on its interstate highways. , "in the bad old days, particularly pre-1991, when the License Raj held sway, and by design, all kinds of free market mechanisms were hobbled or stymied, and corruption emerged almost as an illegitimate price mechanism, a shadowy quasi-market, such that scarce resources could still be allocated within the economy, and decisions could get made. One of the major problems and obstacles to development in India has been endemic corruption and political inertia to change . As of December 2008, 120 of India's 523 parliament members were accused of crimes, under India's First Information Report procedure wherein anyone can allege another of committing a crime.[22] Many of the biggest scandals since 2010 have involved very high levels of government, including Cabinet Ministers and Chief Ministers, such as in the 2G spectrum scam, the 2010 Commonwealth Games scam and the Adarsh Housing Society scam, Coal Mining Scam, mining scandal in Karnataka and cash for vote scam. Government regulators and police share in bribe money, each to the tune of 43% and 45% respectively. The en route stoppages including those at

checkpoints and entry-points take up to 11 hours in a day. About 60% of these (forced) stoppages on road by concerned authorities such as government regulators, police, forest, sales and excise, octroi, weighing and measuring department are for extorting money. Corruption has not only contributed its efforts in all above mentioned fields but also has contributed efforts in medicine . In Government Hospitals, corruption is associated with non availability/duplication of medicines, getting admission, consultations with doctors and availing diagnostic services.[3] National Rural Health Mission is another health care-related government programme that has been subject to large scale corruption allegations. This social spending and entitlement programme hoped to improve health care delivery across rural India. The programme has been managed since 2005 by the Ministry of Health of the Indian government. IAS officers who have worked on to put up a stronghold against the illegal mining mafia have faced severe backlashes from the government in direct and indirect ways in the past. Most recent and glaring example of this is the suspension of the IAS officer Durga Shakti Nagpal in UP after her strong response to illegal sand mining mafia in the corruption riddled state.

Anti-corruption laws in India[edit] Public servants in India can be penalised for corruption under the

Indian Penal Code, 1860 Prosecution section of Income Tax Act,1961 The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, 1988 to prohibit benami transactions.

Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002

India is also a signatory to the UN Convention against Corruption since 2005 (ratified 2011). The Convention covers a wide range of acts of corruption and also proposes certain preventive policies.[65]

The Lokpal Bill, 2011 is a bill pending before the Rajya Sabha. India's lower house of parliament, the Lok Sabha voted to pass The Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011. The bill is now pending in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house.[66]

At present there are no legal provisions to check graft in the private sector in India. Government has proposed amendments in existing acts and certain new bills for checking corruption in private sector.

Big-ticket corruption is mainly witnessed in the operations of large commercial or corporate entities. In order to prevent bribery on supply side, it is proposed that key managerial personnels of companys and also the company shall be held liable for offering bribes to gain undue benefits. The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 provides

that the properties of corrupt public servants shall be confiscated. However, the Government is considering incorporating provisions for confiscation or forfeiture of the property of corrupt public servant in the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 to make it more self-contained and comprehensive.

Anti-corruption police and courts[edit]

The Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation, Central Vigilance Commission and Central Bureau of Investigation all deal with anticorruption initiatives. Certain states such as Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Pradesh Anti-corruption Bureau) and Karnataka (Lokayukta) also have their own anti-corruption agencies and courts.[71][72] Andhra Pradesh's Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB) has launched a large scale investigation in the cash-for-bail scam.[73] CBI court judge Talluri Pattabhirama Rao was arrested on 19 June 2012 for taking a bribe to grant bail to former Karnataka Minister Gali Janardhan Reddy, who was allegedly amassing assets disproportionate to his known sources of income. Investigation revealed that India Cements one of India's largest cement had been investing in Reddy's businesses in return for government contracts.[74] A case has also been opened against seven other individuals under the Indian Penal Code and the Prevention of Corruption Act.[73] Civic anti-corruption organisations[edit]

A variety of organisations have been created in India to actively fight against corrupt government and business practices. Notable organisations include:

Bharat Swabhiman Trust established by well known Yog Guru Swami Ramdev running a large campaign against black money and corruption since last 10 years.

5th Pillar is most known for the creation of the zero rupee note, a valueless note designed to be given to corrupt officials when they request bribes.

India Against Corruption is a movement created by a citizens from a variety of professions and statuses to work against corruption in India. It is currently headed by Anna Hazare.[75] Jaago Re! One Billion Votes is an organisation originally founded by Tata Tea and Janaagraha to increase youth voter registration.[76] They have since expanded their work to include other social issues, including corruption.

One organisation, the Lok Satta Movement, has transformed itself from a civil organisation to a full-fledged political party, the Lok Satta Party. The party has fielded candidates in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Bangalore. In 2009, it obtained its first elected post, whenJayaprakash Narayan won the election for

the Kukatpally Assembly Constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Factors contributing to corruption in India

The reason why India should become corruption free is discussed below:

A large number of Indians, especially the people living in rural places suffer innumerable hardships and they are denied basic living amenities such as pure drinking water, drainage facilities and education. Although the Indian Public services has succumbed under the strain of the inefficient and corrupt bureaucratic set up. According to studies over 40% of the funds allotted by the government for the development of the rural places does not reach the people. A complete end to the corruption is the only way these people can lead a better life.

India has been facing the problems of unemployment and underemployment since long. The problems of unemployment are more prevalent in urban areas. While several people are finding it difficult to find job opportunities in the field of their choice, some other become victims of unemployment due to corrupt practices of the employers. This includes recruiting the candidates by taking bribe or donation. Also, in several companies, especially public sectors, the recruitment is based on caste of the person rather than based on merit. Owing to such corrupt a lot of deserving youngsters are denied work opportunities.

Owing to the corruption, one of the most adverse problems faced by Indias economy is the alarming growth of regional differences among Indian states, the drastic declining of per capita income, disparity in socioeconomic development, poverty and lack of good infrastructure facilities. The economic disparity is clearly reflected by the fact that nearly 40 to 50 percent people living in Orissa and other states live below the poverty line. While the rich are growing richer, the poor are becoming increasingly poor.

Corruption has a severe negative impact on the economy of the country. Besides, it maligns the image of the nation in the international world. The best example is the recent Commonwealth Games scam. The event is a global phenomenon and owing to the presence of International ambassadors and media, the event bought a disgrace to India. Only a corruption free state can prevent the nation from disgrace.

The corruption is so deeply rooted in India that it has not spared even the justice system of the country. Corrupt leaders and bureaucrats are spared from strict punishment for all their criminal activities. The criminals easily get away by paying large sums of bribes to the judicial authorities. The people too are tolerant of such activities, they fear raising their voice against such anti-social elements. A corruption Free State will surely lead to more development and justice will prevail.

A large scale awakening by masses for a anti corruption state will lead to safer and healthy community.

Without corruption India will experience tremendous progress in diverse fields and be a force to reckon with in the International arena.

ERDICATION OF CORUPTION Corruption hurts economies, people, and governments. Corruption is unethical, immoral, and illegal in many societies, religions, and countries. It needs to be stopped. Private organizations, United Nations, and some governments have attempted to stop corruption or at least have tried to prevent it. They have failed, however Eradication of corruption should be the nations number-one priority in view of the ever-increasing horizon of political and administrative corruption

and its baneful multifarious effects on the society-at-large. It needs to be understood by all that eradication of corruption is only possible if strong political commitment exists. Without strong political commitment, bureaucratic reorientation and a vibrant and effective civil society, checking corruption turns into a very difficult almost impossible task. Corruption is more in india only because even if they are caught they are coming out in minutes with money or power. so we should have a policy called rule is rule for everyone,even for politicians . Noting that India is presently ranked at 72nd place among 180 countries by the Transparency International in its latest Corruption Perception Index (CPI), the Centre said it has taken several measures and is "moving progressively" to eradicate the menace. Corruption is prevalent at all levels. Improving transparency and accountability could help reduce corruption substantially. However, this requires stricter laws and regulations. To eradicate corruption from india it's important to first eradicate corruption from within ourselves.. We should not keep blaming others for the growing rate of corruption in the country but rather see what we have or what we could do to eradicate corruption from india.. First thing to do is to make strict rules and if someone is caught with sth then punish them severely.

Corruption is a worldwide phenomenon which is fundamentally due to the lack of ethical behaviors. I think firmly that this problem is the most important factor that makes our country among the third world countries, given that most developed countries managed to eradicate corruption relatively. So, how can we root out such a serious problem that is still threatening our economy and society? First of all, I believe that making a reform starts by changing thoughts rather than behaviors, in other words: people in general and workers in particular should be sensitized about the seriousness of corruption, furthermore, I suggest including a subject of "good manners" or "ethical behaviors" in educational systems in order to prepare a honest workers for the future of our country, I should like to repeat again that making a

reform start by changing thoughts rather than behaviors, this is the first step to do. Secondly, there're various circumstances that provoke corruption, take for example the lack of anti-corruption associations which are the most important element that can participate in fighting corruption. So, such associations should be encouraged by the government in order to disclose the activities of criminal organizations and corrupt workers. Thirdly, there're several forms of corruption, the most spread one is bribery, and one could argue that bribery can be sometimes a necessity rather than a form of corruption, let me give you an example: in order to have my passport, I'll be obliged to bribe the functionary in order to obtain quickly my passport, because it takes several weeks even months to make a passport, this is what do we call bureaucracy which is the worst aspect of the administration. I'm sorry, I don't mean that we're allowed to bribe workers because we're obliged to do that, but I affirm that some practical resolutions must be taken in order to eradicate this problem that is causing bribery. In short, fighting bribery is not only the duty of government, nor is it only the duty of anti-corruption associations; it's also the duty of every honest citizen who wants to participate in building his country. Want to get some work done; take something in your pocket. These are the words which must be stuck round everywhere. Yes, truly speaking about the widespread corruption in India. Today corruption has become an inevitable issue. Corruption is seen in almost every part of Motherland. Viewing from working post regard almost each one has dipped himself into this sinful act. As you sow, so shall you reap is almost violated everywhere. Evil consideration of money as everything actually depraves oneself. Money pave as a way for all sorts of luxuries required in comfortable life. Be shameless and enjoy slogan has been encouraged in this world. No one realizes the suffering and pain of another. HONESTY is the best policy is an old and outdated saying today. It would be better to amend LIC, BIMA. A financially weak person can hardly think about producing vital governmental certificate comprising of nativity, etc. He better keeps himself away from this and thus deprive of facilities. This also makes

the country more and more regressed. India today has many other problems too which slows the rate of progress. Eradication of corruption will reduce the problem to great extent. Many of us are really patriotic. Love for country, destine of sacrificing for motherland can only syncope the corruption today. Many desire to try their useful hands to eradicate this, but are suggested or advised that the smaller wheels of a machine has to work as the bigger one do. A trash one will be crushed by the higher authorities. One is always suggested to stiff upper lips and gets the work done. But the whole system can be reversed if the material of smaller wheels is converted from trash to a powerful one which would posses such an ability to amend the organization. Yes, speaking to get into a position which can comatose the present thinking of corrupts. An individual can try aspiring for an IAS, IPS officer to fight against this. There include another good way to fulfill this aim, i.e to optimize politics. Dust is only removed when one becomes a part of it. But today, none are interested in politics. Moreover, the view towards politics is so extreme that none of the political leaders are considered good for anything. Theres a great example regarding this fact. Corruption is a scourge that has badly affected the quality of governance, state of the economy and social justice available to the people. Corruption is defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gains. It is of different types. It is petty, grand and political. The petty corruption is usually linked with the lower salary employees and generally considered as facilitating payments, whereas, the grand corruption is associated with the high level bureaucracy. However, the political corruption as name indicates is related to the politician. They usually involve in this type corruption in order to maintain their status quo. The corruption varies in the rate of its presence, therefore in this regard the incidence of corruption may be rare, widespread or systemic. The rare corruption is easy to identify and control than widespread. Whereas, the systemic corruption becomes a way of life and it is very difficult to overcome. The corruption is universal, however, its existence varies in rate of occurrence.

Since the inception of Pakistan, the country has witnessed of the rampant corruption. Many governments in general and the governments in decade of 1990 in particular has become the victim of the widespread corruption and corrupt practices. In a recent survey conducted by the Transparency International, Pakistan ranks lowered from 42th most corrupt country to 34th country in the world. Islam explicitly condemns the existence of corruption in every form. Hazart Muhammad (PBUH) declared that; "Damned is the bribe giver (or corruptor)-the bribe taker (the corrupted) and he who goes between them". Quaid-i- Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah has strongly condemned the presence of corruption. He avowed a strict action against such mal practices and their doer. The root causes of the rampant corruption in the country are lack of effective accountability, poor performance on the part of respective institutions, unchecked and unlimited power of feudal for vested interests. The presence of corruption and corrupt practices play a pivotal role to engender the deteriorate law and order, shackle the economy which leads to the inflation, unemployment and poverty in the country. Its presence distracts a man from ethics, humanely attitude, tradition and civic laws. The pervasive corruption in the country can be checked by applying certain measures. The government should ascertain the rule of law; it means equal application of law, equal protection by the law and equality before law, effective and impartial accountability, active role of media to eradicate the corruption are the few factors which can play an active to diminish the corruption.