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8esL racuces for

SCL erformance
alau Lconomlc Symposlum
november 21, 2013
CuLllne of resenLauon
uo Lhe prlnclples of Lransparency and
accounLablllLy apply Lo SCLs?
WhaL ls belng done Lo reform SCLs ln Lhe
aclc, and whaL are Lhe resulLs?
WhaL sLeps ls alau Laklng Lo lmprove SCL
performance?
ConLexL
Why do CovernmenLs creaLe SCLs?
1o dellver core lnfrasLrucLure and relaLed servlces . . .
! LransporL
! power
! waLer/sanlLauon
! Lelecommunlcauons

. . .where Lhe prlvaLe secLor does noL have Lhe capaclLy or
wllllngness Lo provlde Lhe servlces, or

where Lhe governmenL belleves LhaL conLrol over Lhe
dellvery of servlces ls besL exerclsed Lhrough ownershlp
of Lhe asseLs
WhaL are Lhe dlerenL modallues for dellverlng
lnfrasLrucLure servlces?
Degree of
management
independence
and
accountability
Efficiency incentives
CovernmenL
ueparLmenL
SLaLuLory AuLhorlLy
Corporauzed SCL
Commerclallzed
SCL
rlvaLe companles
WhaL do CovernmenLs expecL of SCLs?
1he dellvery of goods and servlces aL an aordable
prlce"
Wlde geographlc coverage
1he execuuon of governmenL pro[ecLs
1he provlslon of employmenL
ln some cases, a reLurn on lnvesLmenL
WhaL has been Lhe resulL?

1oLal CovernmenL Lransfers neL of SCL proLs l?02-10
- 23 30 73 100 123
!"#$%
'()(
*"+","# -.+%#/.
012
*%,"%
34-
4(++("#. 5*6
SCLs acL as a drag on economlc growLh ln Lhe
aclc

SCL conLrlbuuon Lo Cu
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
3.0
6.0
7.0
Samoa 1onga ll[l 8Ml nC
(2010)
Solomons
(09)
SCL lnvesLmenL has opporLunlLy cosLs

1oLal CovernmenL Lransfers Lo SCLs as a of LoLal healLh
expendlLure l?2002 - 2008
0
10
20
30
40
30
60
Samoa 1onga Solomon
lslands
8Ml nC ll[l
7

"
8

!
"
9
%
+

:
;
%
+
9
<

=
>
?
;
#
/
(
9
@
A
;

Why are SCLs performlng poorly?
Lack of commerclal prlnclples!
" Confused MandaLes
" Absence of erformance lncenuves
" Absence of Pard 8udgeL ConsLralnLs /
1ransparency / AccounLablllLy
" Weak Covernance ArrangemenLs

Successful SCL secLors have a sLrong
commerclal focus
8obusL legal and regulaLory framework
ClarlLy of mlsslon for Lhe SCLs

SLrong governance arrangemenLs
rofesslonal boards
8obusL monlLorlng pracuces
CommunlLy servlce obllgauon frameworks
1ransparency and accounLablllLy for resulLs
Pard budgeL consLralnLs
Lxposure Lo compeuuon
aclc counLrles are now acuvely reformlng Lhelr
SCL secLors
# new or amended SCL leglslauon has been enacLed ln slx aclc
counLrles slnce 2007, wlLh one more under preparauon
! Samoa
! Solomon lslands
! 1onga
! apua new Culnea
! 1uvalu
! klrlbau
! Marshall lslands
olluclans and clvll servanLs are sLepplng
down from SCL boards
Samoa Solomon
lslands
1onga
0
10
20
30
40
30
-
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Samoa Solomon
lslands
1onga
olluclans / ubllc ServanLs on SCL
8oards
number of SCLs wlLh olluclans /ubllc
ServanLs as Chalr
2010
2012
SCL reforms ln Lhe aclc are leadlng Lo
reduced scal Lransfers
And remarkable lmprovemenLs ln selecLed
poruollos
Sl SCL oruollo erformance 2003 - 2012
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
2003 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
8CL
8CA
Pow does alau compare?
# 3 SCLs operaLe under Lhelr consuLuenL leglslauon
" Lack of clarlLy re full cosL recovery
" no CSC rules
" no responslble MlnlsLer

# Covernance arrangemenLs need sLrengLhenlng
" ulrecLor appolnLmenLs made w/o robusL skllls screenlng
process
" Weak corporaLe plannlng and accounLablllLy mechanlsms

# Low reLurns on SCL lnvesLmenL
CovernmenL has prepared a new SCL ollcy as
blueprlnL for fuLure SCL AcL, key prlnclples:
# 1he prlmary ob[ecuve of all SCLs ls Lo operaLe as successful
buslnesses (full cosL recovery, lncludlng cosL of caplLal)
" CommunlLy servlce obllgauons Lo be conLracLed on a commerclal
basls
# 1he MlnlsLer of llnance shall be responslble for safeguardlng
Lhe sLaLe's lnvesLmenL ln Lhe SCLs
" SupporLed by an SCL monlLorlng unlL

# SCLs wlll adopL a robusL dlrecLor selecuon, appolnLmenL and
performance evaluauon process
" no elecLed omclals and llmlLed clvll servanLs on SCL boards
" Culdellnes deLalllng dlrecLor roles, duues and responslblllues

# 8obusL corporaLe plannlng and dlsclosure requlremenLs

lmproved SCL performance wlll supporL prlvaLe
secLor developmenL and economlc growLh
# LmclenL , commerclally-run SCLs make Lhe prlvaLe
secLor more compeuuve,
" lmproved access Lo and lower cosL of essenual lnpuLs
(power, waLer, communlcauons)

# . . .creaLe markeL opporLunlues for prlvaLe rms,
" CuLsourclng

# . . . and free up scare publlc funds for healLh,
educauon, dlsasLer rellef, eLc
1hank you.

More lnformauon conLacL :



aclc Llalson and Coordlnauon Cmce
www.adb.org/omces/paclc/maln
psdl[adb.org