Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 25

Types of Fire Pumps

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-1

Types of Fire Pumps


Positive displacement Centrifugal

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-2

Positive Displacement Pump

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-3

Centrifugal Pumps

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-4

Positive Displacement Pumps


Can pump air Has a small amount of slippage
Ability of water to pass through the inner workings of the pump, not allowing 100% discharge

Has a fixed displacement of water

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-5

Piston Pump

Rotary Gear

Rotary Vane

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-6

Types of Piston Pumps


Single action
Pumps in a forward stroke only

Double action
Pumps in both forward and reverse strokes

Examples
Backpack pump Foam injection pump Wells Bicycle pump
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-7

Piston Pumps
Cylinder Discharge Piston Floating Valves

Intake

Types of Rotary Pumps


Commonly used in the fire service as a primer pump Rotary gear
Two gears that rotate in a tightly meshed pattern forming pockets As each gear tooth reaches the discharge chamber, the air or water contained in that pocket is forced out of the pump
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-9

Intake

Discharge

Types of Rotary Pumps


Rotary vane
Movable vanes that automatically compensate for wear and maintain a tighter fit Vanes are forced against the outer housing by centrifugal force

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-11

Intake Rotor

Drive shaft Vanes

Discharge

Centrifugal Pumps
Can not pump air Capable of 100% slippage The main fire pump used on modern fire apparatus Classified as a nonpositive displacement pump Imparts velocity on water and converts it to pressure Single or multiple stage
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-13

Casing Discharge Hub Intake Shroud Impeller Vanes Eye Volute Cavity
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-14

Shaft

Vane s

Shrou d

Hub

Impeller

Centrifugal Pumps

Pump Wear Rings


Between the pump casing and the hub Seal is between the lower pressure of the intake side and the higher pressure in the volute Dirt/sediment can damage ring resulting in decreased pump effectiveness
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-17

Pump Packing
Located around the pump shaft, within the stuffing box Lubricates and seals pump shaft Too loose
Can result in drafting difficulties and pump efficiency

Too tight
Can result in damaging the pump shaft due to overheating
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-18

Principles Of Operation
Centrifugal force Based on the principle that a rapidly revolving impeller hurls the water from the impeller eye outward The faster the impeller is turned, the farther the water is thrown
Increasing the velocity
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-19

Principles Of Operation

Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-20

Influencing Factors
Amount of water being discharged Speed at which the impeller is turning
Doubling the speed results in four times the pressure

Pressure of water when it enters the pump from a pressurized source


Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-21

Pressure (Series) Setting

Pressure (Series) Setting


500 GPM @ 300 psi 500 GPM @150psi + 150psi

1st Stage
Transfer Valve

2nd Stage

Clapper Valve

Intake
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-23

Parallel (Volume) Setting

Volume (Parallel) Setting


1000 GPM @ 150 psi 500 GPM @150psi 500 GPM @150psi

1st Stage
Transfer Valve Clapper Valve

2nd Stage

Intake
Driver/Operator 1B
September 2003 Slide 2-1-25