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Elissa Hawkins Where in the World Do I Live?

1st Grade Geography Unit Lesson 2 (45 min) Essential Question/s Themes What is the purpose of maps and globes? When do people use maps and globes? Why are maps an important tool? How do you read a map? Specific How are land, water, cities, and roads shown on a map? What are the cardinal directions Where is the United States located on the map and globe? Where is Virginia located on the map? What can information can be learned from a map? What information can be learned from a map legend? NCSS THEME People, Places, and Environments VA Standards of learning Geography 1.4 The student will develop map skills by a) recognizing basic map symbols, including references to land, water, cities, and roads; b) using cardinal directions on maps; c) identifying the shapes of the United States and Virginia on maps and globes; d) locating Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, and Richmond, the capital of Virginia, on a United States map.

Fine Arts- Music 1.8 The student will respond to music with movement, including 1. using locomotor and nonlocomotor movements; 2. demonstrating high and low pitches; 3. demonstrating expressive qualities of music, including changes in dynamics and tempo; 4. performing line and circle dances; Math 1.13 The student will construct, model, and describe objects in the environment as geometric shapes (triangle, rectangle, square, and circle) and explain the reasonableness of each choice.

Objectives SWBAT recognized basic map symbols including, land, water, capitals and cities, on a map. SWBAT locate the United States of America on a map of North America. SWBAT locate Virginia on a map of the United States of America. SWBAT operate a compass rose to determine the location of Washington D.C. on a map of the United States of America. SWBAT operate a compass rose to determine the location of Richmond on a map of Virginia. SWBAT explain the purpose for the reading a map. SWBAT compare the shape of the United States of America and Virginia with a familiar geometric shape.

Materials for Learning Activities Teacher Unit PowerPoint Small white boards White board markers Erasers Map of North America Maps of United States of America and Virginia Map Labels for accommodations Map sentences for accommodations Students Social Studies Notebook Pencils Crayons/color pencils/markers Scissors Glue Technology Smart Board Personal Computer Google Earth downloaded on the computer Procedures for Learning Activities Introduction-(10 min) Teacher will set up the Smart Board and PowerPoint before the lesson begins. Students will stand by their desk and follow the movements of the Compass Slide. (ENGAGE) (Slide 12) o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nw07DjfQ48g

Teacher will review with the students by asking the following questions: (LINK to previous lesson) o What is the purpose of a map? o What were the features of a map we discussed yesterday? How do we show that on a map? o Show four pictures on the PowerPoint (Slide 13) Which one of these pictures is a picture is a globe? Which one of the pictures is a world map? Which one of the pictures is a map of North America Students will have a white board. Each picture will be numbered. When the teacher asks the questions, the students will respond by writing the correct number on the white board and sharing it to the teacher. (see assessments below) Ask the students to draw a compass rose on their white board with the correct placement of the cardinal directions. Student may write the first letter of each direction on their compass rose. (Formative assessment) Students will show to the teacher when they have completed their compass rose. Students will share their compass rose with their table partner to confirm the correct directions. Tell the students to put the white boards and markers away so we can begin to learn more about maps. Instructional strategies (30 min) Ask students to sit at the front of the classroom. Tell the students, last lesson we looked at the Earth, then zoomed into North America. (LINK to previous lesson) o As we are zooming in we are going closer and closer to specific areas on the map. We are discovering more details, symbols and other map concepts that will helps us become great cartographers. Today we are going to zoom in again, to view the United States and our state, Virginia. (PURPOSE) Teacher will tell the students to turn their cartographer minds. Teacher will click on the short cut to Google earth on the computer desktop. The teacher will show the Earth o Google has a satellite in space that had taken real pictures of the Earth for us to view it like we are astronauts Ask the students if they remember which cardinal direction North America is located on a map of the Earth? (LINK to previous lesson) o Tell the student they may look in their Social Studies notebook if they are having trouble remembering The teacher will show the students that North America is to the West o Zoom into North America on Google Earth using the + symbol. Tell the students that the compass rose can help them determine the location of our continent and help them remember its name.

Tell the students that North America is made up of 23 countries, but there are 3 countries in North America that make up a large chunk of it. Do you know what they are? o Ask the student if they know what those countries are. Anticipated response: The United States and Canada o Call 3 students Teacher will go back to the PowerPoint (Slide 14) Teacher will show Canada, United States and Mexico using a drawn map. o Highlight the United States. Tell the students, this is the country we live in. o Also highlight that Alaska, a state with in the United States, is located up to the west of Canada, but is still a part of our country, the United States of America. Teacher will ask the students, using our knowledge of the compass rose is the United State located north, south, east or west from Canada? o South Is the United States located north, south, east or west from Mexico? o North Ask the students, what are some features on this map that we have not seen on our maps of the world? o Capital- circle with a star on the inside o Cites-colored in circle A city is a large area in which people live in. Tell the students the definition of capital. o The capital city, usually called the capital, is a location where the government of a country does their work. All of the important offices are in the capital. All leaders and officials work in the capital city. The capital city also has homes of all the important leaders. Ask the student if they know what the capital of the United States is? o Tell the students it is Washington DC. Ask anyone if they have been to Washington D.C. Washington D.C. is where the President lives as well as where many monuments and museums are located. Point to the map of North America show how, we know that Washington D.C. is the Capital of the United States because it labeled on the map with a circled star. When we look at the legend on this map, it tells us that it is the country capital. (Slide 14) Tell the students they are going to add a map of the United States to their cartographer collection of maps in their Social Studies Notebook. Tell students to go back to their desks. Tell the students to take out their Social Studies Notebook. o Paper passers will distribute the United States map. Tell the students, now as cartographers, and the new knowledge they just gained, they need to color in their map, showing where the United States is located. Also draw the Capital Symbol for Washington D.C.

o Remind the students while making a map we need to remember the features needed for someone to be able to read a map and locate where places are: Land is green Water is blue Symbols Legend Compass Rose While students are working, the teacher will say, sometimes using connections can help us remember the location of the United States. Does anyone see a connection to a shape, or ideas that could help us remember what the United States looks like on the map? o Chose three students Tell students to use these ideas or come up with one on your own and write/draw it down next to your map so that you can remember later. Ask the student to come back to the carpet with their notebook and a pencil. Tell the students that the United States is made up of 50 states. Yet, the one that is the most important to us is the one that we live in. (Slide 15) Can anyone recall the state that we live in? Can anyone locate it on our map of the 50 states of the United States? o Call on students until one has located Virginia o If more than 5 students have tried, teacher will show students where Virginia is located (Slide 16) Using you hand as a compass rose and your fingers as the cardinal directions, which direction is Virginia on the map of the United States? (Slide 16) o Answer: East o Yes, we live on the East of the United States How can we remember what Virginia looks like on a map? Does it look like a certain shape that will help us remember? o Suggest the shape of a triangle might help us remember what Virginia looks like on the map of the United States. Tell the students, just like the United States has a national capital; Washington D.C., Virginia has a capital as well. It is our state capital. (Slide 17) o Does anyone know what is called? o Answer: Richmond o Tell the students, according to this map legend, the Nations Capital is shown by the symbol of a star and the State Capital is show by a black dot with a red circle around it. I can use this to help me find the state capital of Virginia, Richmond. o First find Virginia, then locate the black dot and circle around it, here is the location of our state capital, Richmond. Pull up a map of Virginia with cities (Slide 18) This is a closer look at our state, Virginia Teacher will locate Richmond on the map.

Ask the students, using your hand and fingers a compass rose and cardinal directions, where is the state capital, Richmond, located in Virginia? (see formative assessment below) What symbol is used to locate Washington D.C.? o Star and circle What symbol is used to locate Richmond, Virginia? o Red circle And what about these black dots all over Virginia? What might those be? o Tell the student that the black dot can be a symbol on a map that shows the location of cities, such as the city of Reston, where the school is located. Tell the students that maps can show many different symbols and features that may represent or show the same location For Ms. Hawkins class of cartographers however, we are going to only use the star and circle for a capital, and a black dot for a city. Tell the student they have another map to add to their map collection. Show the paper to the students. One is the picture of the United States, color the state of Virginia. The one right next to it is the map of Virginia. Determine where the location of the city of Richmond should be and label it with the symbol for the capital. o Tell the students that this is just like any other map and as cartographers they need to add a title, legend and a compass rose to their maps. Student will go back to their seats, glue in their maps and draw the symbols. o Students will also write the following sentences at the bottom of their page. (Slide 19) o Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. o Richmond is located _________ in Virginia o Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America. Slide 19 will stay visible for the students for support during their mapping task. Summary (5 min) Today we learned about more features and symbols that are represented on a map. Turn to your neighbor and try and see if you can remember all of the features so far? o Call on partners to share one feature until all the features are listed o Teacher will make a list on the Smart Board of the features and their corresponding symbols. Tell the students that tomorrow we are going to zoom even closer in our maps, looking at our city and community of Reston, Virginia. Tell students to close their notebooks, put them in a pile by the teachers desk, and gather their things for lunch. Extensions Students individually or if the whole class finishes early, they may take a virtual field trip to Washington D.C.. The students will have to use their knowledge

about maps, compass rose and cardinal directions to explore through Washington D.C. and discover interesting facts about the monuments. Access to a computer with Internet is required for this extension. http://hawkinsvtf.weebly.com/ Student can look through atlases (provided by the school library) of maps of the world, North America, the United States of America and Virginia. After looking at the different types of maps, students will explain their predictions for the purpose of each map. Read, Maps and Globes

Connections This lesson connects to the Kindergarten SOL: K.4 The student will use simple maps and globes to a) develop awareness that a map is a drawing of a place to show where things are located and that a globe is a round model of the Earth; b) describe places referenced in stories and real-life situations; c) locate land and water features. This lesson connects to the previous lessons SOLs and objectives: 1.4 The student will develop map skills by a) recognizing basic map symbols, including references to land, water, cities, and roads; b) using cardinal directions on maps; o SWBAT describe the purpose of a map. o SWBAT to recognize basic map symbols, including references to land and water on a map. o SWBAT recall and locate a compass rose and a legend on a map including, North, South, East and West.

Assessment The teacher will formatively assess the students by observations, discussion questions, and the work completed in the Social Studies Notebook. Questions are continuously asked throughout the lesson to ensure understanding. The same can be said for observations. The teacher will be formatively assessing students as she observes their work whether Smart Board discussions or individual work in their Social Studies Notebooks. Within these notebooks the teacher will also be able to assess students understanding. The maps of North America, the United States of America, and Virginia will be assessed for knowledge of color symbols, capital symbols, a compass rose and a legend as features on a map. Each one of these formative assessments will be used for immediate reflection and lesson changes if necessary as well as instruction for the following lessons within the unit. A summative assessment will be conducted at the end of the unit. This will be a twopart assessment. Part one is the creation of a simple map. Part two is a quiz of basic map concepts learned throughout the unit. The summative assessment and rubric is attached below.

Differentiation PowerPoint, pictures, whiteboards, and maps of North America, the United States of America, and Virginia will benefit visual learners. The Compass Slide song and dance will benefit kinesthetic learners and auditorymusical learners and provide a recollection tool. Using hand motions to represent the compass rose and cardinal directions will benefit kinesthetic learners. ELLs or students with reading accommodations will receive map pre-typed map labels, including: United States of America, Virginia, Washington D.C., Richmond and direction sentences. This will allow the student to focus on the task, locating countries, states, or capitals on a map, rather than focusing on the writing the words correctly.

LABLES FOR STUDENT ACCOMODATIONS North America North America North America

North America

North America

North America

United States of America

United States of America

United States of America

United States of America

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Virginia

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

Richmond

SENTENCES FOR SOCIAL STUDIES NOTEBOOK FOR STUDENTS WILL ACCOMODTAIONS

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Washington is located ___________ of Virginia. Richmond is located _________ in Virginia Virginia is located __________ in the United States of America.

Map Unit Assessment Name: _______________________________________________ Date:_______________________________

1. Color in the state of Virginia

a.

b.

c.

d.

2. Color the United States of America

a.

b.

c.

d.

3. Circle the symbol that we use to show the capital a. b. c. d.

4. Circle the symbol that we use to show cities a. # b. c. d.

5. Color the box with the color that shows land on a map:

6. Color the box with the color that shows water on a map:

Use the map of Hunters Woods Elementary School and the compass rose to circle the correct answers: 7. Fill in the compass rose (on the blue lines) next to the map below. (3pts each) 8. To get from the Cafeteria to the Gym, you need to walk: a. North b. South c. East d. West 9. To get from the Black Box Theater to the Gym, you need to walk: a. North b. South c. East d. West

10. What is the name of the nations capital?

11. What is the name of our state capital?

Create A Map!
Directions: Time to be a Cartographer! Create a map of
your own Community or Country. It can be any shape and theme related. You may use paper, pencils, markers, crayons, computer, etc.

Include the following:


Compass rose (4 pts.) Key / Legend (4 pts.) Title (Includes name of country) (1 pt.) A Capital city (1 pt.) 4 cities (1 pt. Each) 3 bodies of water (ex. Ocean, lake, and river) (1 pt. Each) Explain how this map could be used. (3 pts.)

Total Point Value: 20 points

Created by http://tales-of-a-first-grade-teacher.blogspot.com Adapted by Elissa Hawkins