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Tanji 1 Works Cited Primary Sources: "African Americans protest Jim Crow laws." Image. Library of Congress.

American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. Jim Crow laws separated whites and blacks in public life until the mid-1950s. This image shows African-American men marching with a casket representing the death of these laws. "African-American school." Image. Library of Congress. American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. The U.S. Supreme Court legalized segregation among public schools in Plessy v. Ferguson. This picture depicts the condition of all-black schools. "Black Students Arrive at South Boston High School in 1974." Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Adrienne Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 271-274. Global Issues In Context. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. This image shows that the effects of the Brown v. Board of Education case did have some positive effects with the integration of white and black students in high school. Brown v. Board of Education (1954). American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. This was the initial ruling of the five cases that involved inequality between white and black students. It overturned the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, and stated that the separate and equal facilities were not constitutional. Brown v. Board of Education (1955). American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Tanji 2 This plan clarified the process of desegregating public schools. It called for desegregation to move with deliberate speed. "Draft of decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1955)." Image. Library of Congress. American Government.ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. This image provides a visual for the Brown v. Board of Education plan that encouraged faster progress of desegregating schools. "Earl Warren: quote on equality in education." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. This quote explains the importance of education and its affect on children who have been deprived of education. The opportunity to have a proper education is an important right for black students to have. Executive Order 10730, September 23, 1957 (Little Rock Crisis); General Records of the United States Government; Record Group 11; National Archives. This Executive Order protected the Little Rock Nine and to make justice prevail over the corruption in Arkansas. "Freedom schools." Image. AP/Wide World Photos. American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. This picture shows a freedom school, where civil rights groups held classes and taught African American students about their rights. Since this was in 1964, this followed the enactment of the Voting Rights Act. This shows the improvement in equality since the Brown v. Board of Education lawsuit. "James Meredith attends University of Mississippi." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

Tanji 3 This picture shows the strong emotions people had against African-Americans attending integrated universities. Garrow, David J. "Brown, Linda." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. Linda Browns father was one of the plaintiffs in the Brown v. Board of Education 1954 case. Her background story was important in proving that segregated schools were disadvantageous to black students. "Little Rock Desegregation Crisis." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. Even after Brown v. Board of Education was issued, protests against desegregation continued. Some whites believed so strongly in white supremacy that they went to extremes to prevent black students from entering Little Rock High School. This proved that the social issues regarding racism could not be stopped with laws integrating whites and blacks. Marchers. We Shall Not Be Moved. Rec. 1 Jan. 1965. Folkways Records, 2004. MP3. This song represents the determination of the blacks in gaining equal rights and not straying from their beliefs. They would not be discouraged by whites who tried to demote them. McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education (1950). American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 20 Nov. 2013. George McLaurins case proved that the segregated treatment at the University of Texas Law School was depriving him of receiving a substantial education. "Mississippi Riot." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. The actions taken against James Meredith attending University of Mississippi were the effect of the Mississippi governor Ross Barnetts negative view on desegregation. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Tanji 4 This case created the separate but equal doctrine that would be applied to many areas of society, not only in transportation, but also in bathrooms, in restaurants, and in schools. Sochen, June. "Fourteenth Amendment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. The equal protection of the laws stated in the Fourteenth Amendment was challenged in the Brown v. Board of Education case. The plaintiffs did not feel they were receiving equal treatment with their inferior facilities. Staples, Mavis. "We Shall Not Be Moved." We'll Never Turn Back. Anti, Inc., 2007. MP3. This is a more upbeat version of We Shall Not Be Moved. It portrays the same message except with a more accomplished and joyful tone. This represents the hardships that the blacks went through in order to receive equal rights. "Sweatt v. Painter (1950)." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. This document provided the Supreme Courts decision on the inequality between the two law schools of the University of Texas. It declared that the separate law schools for whites and blacks were not equal. This case was also included in the Brown v. Board of Education lawsuit. "University of Mississippi desegregation incident." Image. Library of Congress. American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 2 Dec. 2013.

Secondary Sources: Tackach, James. Brown v. Board of Education. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1998. Print. This provided information on the events leading up to the Brown v. Board of Education case and the other areas of life that affected blacks.