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SECRET CSecond Session, Forty-first Parliament, 62 Elizabeth II, 2013

SECRET CDeuxime session, quarante et unime lgislature, 62 Elizabeth II, 2013

HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA

CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA

BILL CAn Act to amend the Canada Elections Act and the Parliament of Canada Act (reforms)

PROJET DE LOI CLoi modifiant la Loi lectorale du Canada et la Loi sur le Parlement du Canada (rformes)

FIRST READING,

, 2013

PREMIRE LECTURE LE

2013

Signature of Member / Date MR. CHONG 412100

Signature du dput / Date M. CHONG

SUMMARY
This enactment amends the Canada Elections Act to provide that (a) nomination contests are to be held by a partys electoral district association; (b) proof of the partys endorsement of a prospective candidate is to be provided by the nomination officer of the partys electoral district association; (c) a nomination officer is appointed by a majority vote of the electoral district association; and (d) an application for registration of a political party must include an extract of the party by-laws that sets out the process for leadership review. It also amends the Parliament of Canada Act to provide for the expulsion and readmission of a caucus member and for the election and removal of a caucus chair.

SOMMAIRE
Le texte modifie la Loi lectorale du Canada afin de prvoir ce qui suit : a) les courses linvestiture sont tenues par lassociation de circonscription du parti; b) lagent linvestiture de lassociation de circonscription du parti doit dmontrer quil soutient une personne qui dsire se porter candidat pour le parti; c) lagent linvestiture est nomm la majorit des voix de lassociation de circonscription; d) la demande denregistrement dun parti politique doit comporter les extraits des rglements administratifs du parti prvoyant le processus dexamen de la direction. Il modifie galement la Loi sur le Parlement du Canada afin de prvoir les modalits relatives lexpulsion et la radmission dun dput dun groupe parlementaire ainsi qu llection et la destitution du prsident dun groupe parlementaire.

2nd Session, 41st Parliament, 62 Elizabeth II, 2013

2e session, 41e lgislature, 62 Elizabeth II, 2013

HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA

CHAMBRE DES COMMUNES DU CANADA

BILL CAn Act to amend the Canada Elections Act and the Parliament of Canada Act (reforms)

PROJET DE LOI CLoi modifiant la Loi lectorale du Canada et la Loi sur le Parlement du Canada (rformes)

Preamble

Whereas Members of Parliament are elected by their constituents to represent them in the Parliament of Canada; Whereas the leadership of political parties must maintain the confidence of their caucuses; 5 And whereas, in Canada, the executive branch of government is accountable to the legislative branch in accordance with the concept of responsible government, which is the foundation of the Westminster system of 10 parliamentary democracy;

Attendu : que les dputs sont lus par les citoyens de leur circonscription afin quils les reprsentent au Parlement du Canada; que la direction dun parti politique doit 5 garder la confiance de son groupe parlementaire; quau Canada, le pouvoir excutif doit rendre des comptes au pouvoir lgislatif suivant le principe de la responsabilit gouvernemen- 10 tale, qui constitue le fondement de la dmocratie parlementaire de type Westminster, Sa Majest, sur lavis et avec le consentement du Snat et de la Chambre des communes du 15 Canada, dicte : TITRE ABRG 1. Loi de 2013 instituant des rformes. LOI LECTORALE DU CANADA 2. (1) Le paragraphe 2(1) de la Loi lectorale du Canada est modifi par adjonction, selon lordre alphabtique, de ce qui 20 suit :

Prambule

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows: SHORT TITLE
Short title

1. This Act may be cited as the Reform Act, 15 2013. CANADA ELECTIONS ACT 2. (1) Subsection 2(1) of the Canada Elections Act is amended by adding the following in alphabetical order:

Titre abrg

2000, c. 9

2000, ch. 9

leadership review examen de la direction

leadership review means a process to endorse 20 agent linvestiture Personne nomme par agent linvestiture or replace the leader of a registered party. lassociation de circonscription dun parti poli nomination tique afin de soutenir la personne qui dsire se officer porter candidat pour le parti dans cette circon- 25 scription conformment larticle 68.

412100

2
nomination officer agent linvestiture

Canada Elections and Parliament of Canada (reforms) examen de la direction Processus visant nomination officer means a person who is appointed by the electoral district association of soutenir ou remplacer le chef dun parti a political party to endorse the prospective enregistr. candidate for the party in that electoral district in accordance with section 68. 5 (2) The definition nomination contest in subsection 2(1) of the Act is replaced by the following: (2) La dfinition de course linvestiture , au paragraphe 2(1) de la mme loi, est 5 remplace par ce qui suit :

62 ELIZ. II
examen de la direction leadership review

nomination contest course linvestiture

course linvestiture Comptition visant nomination contest means a competition for course linvestiture the selection of a person to be proposed to the 10 choisir la personne dont la candidature dans une nomination contest circonscription sera propose lagent nomination officer of the electoral district association of a political party for his or her linvestiture de lassociation de circonscription 10 endorsement as the partys prospective candidun parti politique en vue de lobtention de son date in an electoral district. soutien. 3. The Act is amended by adding the 15 3. La mme loi est modifie par adjoncfollowing after the heading NOMINATION tion, aprs lintertitre CANDIDATURES 15 OF CANDIDATES before section 66: prcdant larticle 66, de ce qui suit : 65.1 (1) La course linvestiture est tenue 65.1 Nomination contests shall be held by Courses linvestiture the registered association for the electoral par lassociation enregistre de la circonscrip district to which the nomination relates at a 20 tion concerne la date et lheure quelle fixe time and date fixed by the association and in et en conformit avec les rgles quelle a accordance with the rules established by the tablies. 20 association. 4. Paragraph 67(4)(c) of the Act is re4. Lalina 67(4)c) de la mme loi est placed by the following: 25 remplac par ce qui suit : (c) if applicable, an instrument in writing, signed by the nomination officer of the political partys electoral district association for the electoral district that states that the prospective candidate is endorsed by the 30 party. 5. The Act is amended by adding the following after section 68: c) sil y a lieu, un acte crit, sign par lagent linvestiture de lassociation de circonscription du parti politique, nonant que la 25 personne qui dsire se porter candidat est soutenue par le parti. 5. La mme loi est modifie par adjonction, aprs larticle 68, de ce qui suit :

Nomination contests

Endorsement by nominating officer

Appointment of nominating officer

68.1 (1) La personne qui dsire se porter 30 Soutien de 68.1 (1) A prospective candidate for a lagent political party in an electoral district must be 35 candidat pour un parti politique dans une linvestiture endorsed by the nomination officer of the circonscription doit tre soutenue par lagent partys electoral district association of the party linvestiture de lassociation de circonscription concerne du parti. in that electoral district. (2) The nomination officer referred to in (2) Lagent linvestiture vis au paragraphe 35 Nomination de lagent subsection (1) shall be appointed by the 40 (1) est nomm par les membres de lassociation linvestiture members of the electoral district association by de circonscription, la majorit des voix. a majority vote.

2013

Loi lectorale du Canada et Parlement du Canada (rformes) 6. (1) Le paragraphe 366(2) de la mme 6. (1) Subsection 366(2) of the Act is loi est modifi par adjonction, aprs lalina amended by striking out and at the end j), de ce qui suit : of paragraph (i), by adding and at the end of paragraph (j) and by adding the following after paragraph (j): 5 (k) the extract of the party by-laws that k) les extraits des rglements administratifs provides that du parti prvoyant que : 5 (i) lexamen de la direction est dclench (i) a leadership review may be initiated by sur prsentation au prsident du groupe the submission of a written notice to the parlementaire dun avis crit sign par au caucus chair signed by at least 15% of the 10 moins 15 % des dputs du groupe parlemembers of the partys caucus, mentaire du parti, 10 (ii) a leadership review is to be conducted (ii) lexamen de la direction se fait au by secret ballot, with the result to be scrutin secret, la majorit des voix determined by a majority vote of the exprimes par les dputs du groupe caucus members present at a meeting of 15 parlementaire prsents la runion, the caucus, and (iii) dans le cas o la majorit des dputs 15 (iii) if a majority of caucus members du groupe parlementaire prsents la present at the meeting referred to in runion vise au sous-alina (ii) votent subparagraph (ii) vote to replace the leader pour le remplacement du chef du parti, un of the party, a second vote of the caucus 20 second vote au scrutin secret est tenu sans shall be conducted immediately by secret dlai afin de nommer la personne qui 20 ballot to appoint a person to serve as the occupera par intrim les fonctions de chef interim leader of the party until a new du parti jusqu llection en bonne et due leader has been duly elected by the party. forme du nouveau chef. (2) Section 366 of the Act is amended by 25 (2) Larticle 366 de la mme loi est modifi par adjonction, aprs le paragraphe (2), de ce 25 adding the following after subsection (2): qui suit : (2.1) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(k), (2.1) Pour lapplication de lalina (2)k), Dfinition de groupe caucus has the same meaning as in section groupe parlementaire sentend au sens de parlementaire 49.1 of the Parliament of Canada Act. larticle 49.1 de la Loi sur le Parlement du Canada. 30 7. (1) Subsection 369(2) of the Act is 30 7. (1) Le paragraphe 369(2) de la mme loi est modifi par adjonction, aprs lalina amended by striking out or at the end of d), de ce qui suit : paragraph (c), by adding or at the end of paragraph (d) and by adding the following after paragraph (d): e) les rglements administratifs du parti ne (e) the party by-laws do not provide for a 35 leadership review as set out in paragraph prvoient pas lexamen de la direction vis 35 lalina 366(2)k). 366(2)(k). (2) Section 369 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2): (2) Le paragraphe 369 de la mme loi est modifi par adjonction, aprs le paragraphe (2), de ce qui suit :

Definition of caucus

4
Leadership review

Canada Elections and Parliament of Canada (reforms) 62 ELIZ. II (3) A political party that is registered on the (3) Le parti politique dj enregistr la date Examen de la direction day this Act comes into force shall have 12 dentre en vigueur de la prsente loi doit, dans months to satisfy the Chief Electoral Officer that les douze mois suivants, convaincre le directeur the party by-laws provide for a leadership gnral des lections que ses rglements review as set out in paragraph 366(2)(k). 5 administratifs prvoient lexamen de la direction 5 vis lalina 366(2)k). 8. Subsection 383(2) of the Act is repealed. 9. Subsections 403.2(2) and (3) of the Act are replaced by the following: 8. Le paragraphe 383(2) de la mme loi est abrog. 9. Les paragraphes 403.2(2) et (3) de la mme loi sont remplacs par ce qui suit : 10
Exception

Exception

(2) Le paragraphe (1) ne sapplique pas (2) Subsection (1) does not apply during an election period in the electoral district of the 10 durant une priode lectorale dans la circonregistered association. scription de lassociation enregistre. 10. The portion of subsection 478.02(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following: 10. Le passage du paragraphe 478.02(1) de la mme loi prcdant lalina a) est 15 remplac par ce qui suit :

Notice of nomination contest

478.02 (1) When a nomination contest is 15 478.02 (1) Lorsquest tenue une course Notification de la course held, the registered association shall, within 60 linvestiture, lassociation enregistre dpose linvestiture auprs du directeur gnral des lections, dans days after the selection date, file with the Chief les soixante jours suivant la date de dsignation, 20 Electoral Officer a report setting out un rapport comportant : 11. The Act is amended by adding the 11. La mme loi est modifie par adjoncfollowing after section 553: 20 tion, aprs larticle 553, de ce qui suit : CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF REGISTERED CONSTITUTION ET RGLEMENTS ADMINISTRATIFS DES PARTIS ENREGISTRS PARTIES 553.1 In the event of a conflict or incon- 553.1 Les dispositions de la prsente loi Incompatibilit sistency between a provision of this Act and a lemportent sur toute disposition incompatible 25 constitution et rglements provision of the constitution or by-laws of a de la constitution ou des rglements adminisadministratifs registered party, the provision of this Act tratifs des partis enregistrs. prevails to the extent of the conflict or 25 inconsistency. PARLIAMENT OF CANADA ACT 12. The Parliament of Canada Act is amended by adding the following after section 49: LOI SUR LE PARLEMENT DU CANADA 12. La Loi sur le Parlement du Canada est modifie par adjonction, aprs larticle 49, de ce qui suit : 30
L.R., ch. P-1

Conflict with constitution and by-laws

R.S., c. P-1

Interpretation

caucus groupe parlementaire

DIVISION C.1 SECTION C.1 CAUCUSES GROUPES PARLEMENTAIRES 49.1 The following definition applies in this 30 49.1 La dfinition qui suit sapplique la Dfinition Division. prsente section. caucus means a group composed solely of groupe parlementaire Groupe compos ex groupe parlementaire members of the House of Commons who are clusivement des dputs qui adhrent un caucus members of the same recognized party. mme parti reconnu. 35

2013
Expulsion of caucus member

Readmission of member

Election of chair

Removal of caucus chair

Loi lectorale du Canada et Parlement du Canada (rformes) 5 49.2 A member of a caucus may only be 49.2 Un dput ne peut tre expuls dun Expulsion dun dput du expelled from it if groupe parlementaire que si, la fois : groupe parlementaire (a) the caucus chair has received a written a) le prsident du groupe parlementaire notice signed by at least 15% of the members reoit un avis crit, sign par au moins of the caucus requesting that the member s 5 15 % des dputs du groupe parlementaire, 5 membership be reviewed at a meeting of the demandant que ladhsion du dput soit caucus; and examine lors dune runion du groupe (b) the expulsion of the member is approved parlementaire; by a majority vote by secret ballot of the b) lexpulsion du dput est approuve, la caucus members present at that meeting. 10 majorit des voix exprimes au scrutin secret, 10 par les dputs du groupe parlementaire prsents la runion. 49.3 A member of the House of Commons 49.3 Le dput qui a t expuls du groupe Radmission dun dput who has been expelled from the caucus of a parlementaire dun parti ne peut y tre radmis party may only be readmitted to the caucus que dans lun ou lautre des cas suivants : 15 (a) if the member is re-elected to the House a) il est rlu la Chambre des communes of Commons as a candidate for that party; or 15 titre de candidat de ce parti; (b) if b) les conditions suivantes sont runies : (i) le prsident du groupe parlementaire (i) the caucus chair has received a written reoit un avis crit, sign par au moins 20 notice signed by at least 15% of the 15 % des dputs du groupe parlementaire, members of the caucus requesting that the demandant que la radmission du dput member s readmission to the caucus be 20 soit examine lors dune runion du groupe considered at a meeting of the caucus, and parlementaire, (ii) the readmission of the member is (ii) la radmission du dput est approu- 25 approved by a majority vote by secret ve, la majorit des voix exprimes au ballot of the caucus members present at scrutin secret, par les dputs du groupe that meeting. 25 parlementaire prsents la runion. 49.4 (1) After every general election or 49.4 (1) Aprs chaque lection gnrale ou lection du prsident following the death, incapacity, resignation or la suite du dcs, de lempchement, de la 30 removal of the chair of a caucus in accordance dmission ou de la destitution, conformment with subsection (2), a chair shall be elected by a au paragraphe (2), du prsident du groupe majority vote by secret ballot of the members of 30 parlementaire, un prsident est lu la majorit that caucus who are present at a meeting of the des voix exprimes au scrutin secret par les caucus. dputs prsents la runion du groupe 35 parlementaire. Destitution du (2) The chair of the caucus of a party may (2) Le prsident du groupe parlementaire dun parti ne peut tre destitu que si, la fois : prsident du only be removed if groupe parlementaire (a) the chair has received a written notice 35 a) il reoit un avis crit, sign par au moins signed by at least 15% of the caucus members 15 % des dputs du groupe parlementaire, 40 requesting that the occupancy of the chair be demandant que la prsidence soit examine reviewed at a meeting of the caucus; and lors dune runion du groupe parlementaire; (b) the removal of the chair is approved by a majority vote by secret ballot of the caucus 40 members present at that meeting.

Senior caucus member

Bar against judicial review

Conflict with constitution and by-laws

Canada Elections and Parliament of Canada (reforms) 62 ELIZ. II b) sa destitution est approuve, la majorit des voix exprimes au scrutin secret, par les dputs du groupe parlementaire prsents la runion. (3) Any vote that is taken under subsection (3) Le vote tenu au titre des paragraphes (1) 5 Dput comptant le plus dannes (1) or (2) shall be presided over by the caucus ou (2) est prsid par le dput du groupe de service member with the greatest number of years of parlementaire comptant le plus dannes de service la Chambre des communes. service in the House of Commons. 49.5 Any determination of a matter relating 5 49.5 Toute dcision relative au fonctionneInterdiction du to the internal operations of a party by the ment interne dun parti prise par le groupe 10 contrle judiciaire caucus, a committee of the caucus or the caucus parlementaire, un comit du groupe parlemen chair is final and not subject to judicial review. taire ou le prsident du groupe parlementaire est dfinitive et nest pas susceptible de contrle judiciaire. 49.6 In the event of a conflict or incon- 49.6 Les articles 49.1 49.5 de la prsente 15 Incompatibilit constitution sistency between a provision of sections 49.1 to 10 loi lemportent sur toute disposition incompa et rglements 49.5 and a provision of the constitution or by- tible de la constitution ou des rglements administratifs laws of a party, the provision of sections 49.1 to administratifs des partis. 49.5 prevails to the extent of the conflict or inconsistency. COMING INTO FORCE ENTRE EN VIGUEUR

Coming into force

13. This Act comes into force seven days 15 13. La prsente loi entre en vigueur sept Entre en jours aprs la date de la premire lection 20 vigueur after the day on which the next general gnrale suivant la date de la sanction de la election following the day on which this Act prsente loi. receives royal assent is held.