0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001

0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Part I

Health-related Millennium
Development Goals

11

Summary of status and trends
2010. Although this rate of progress is close to the rate
required to meet the relevant MDG target,4 improvements have been unevenly distributed between and
within different regions.

It is now more than a decade since world leaders adopted the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and
their associated targets. In that time, substantial progress has been made in reducing child and maternal
mortality, improving nutrition, reducing morbidity and
mortality due to HIV infection, tuberculosis and malaria, and increasing access to improved drinking-water
sources. These current trends provide a firm basis for
the intensified collective actions and expansion of successful approaches now needed to overcome the challenges posed by multiple crises and large inequalities.
Although progress in settings with the highest rates of
mortality has been accelerated in recent years, large
variations in health status persist both between and
within countries.

Globally, significant progress has been made in reducing mortality rates among children under five years old.
Between 1990 and 2010, the under-five mortality rate
declined by 35% – from an estimated 88 deaths per
1000 live births to 57. The global rate of decline has
also accelerated in recent years – from 2.1% per annum during 1990–2010 to 2.6% during 2005–2010
(Figure 1). The annual rate of decline in the WHO African
Region – where almost half of all child deaths occur –
increased from 1.8% during 1990–2010 to 2.8% during
2005–2010. Despite this improvement, most countries
in the Region are unlikely to achieve the MDG target of
a two-thirds reduction in 1990 mortality levels by the

Childhood malnutrition is the underlying cause of an
estimated 35% of all deaths among children under five
years of age. The proportion of such children in developing countries who were underweight is estimated to
have declined from 29% to 18% between 1990 and

4.

MDG 1; Target 1.C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

Figure 1. Average annual rate of decline (%) in under-five mortality levels, 1990–2010 and 2005–2010

AFR

1990–2010
2005–2010
MDG target

AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR
Global
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0
(%)

12

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

year 2015. Globally, 37 out of 143 low- and middleincome countries will reach that target by 2015 if the
pace of progress achieved during the period 2005–
2010 is maintained.

Table 1. Average annual rate of decline (%) in
maternal mortality, 1990–2010
WHO region

In 2010, global measles immunization coverage was
85% among children aged 12–23 months. More countries are achieving high levels of measles immunization
coverage, with 65% of all countries either reaching or
maintaining at least 90% coverage in 2010. Between
2000 and 2010, the estimated number of measles
deaths decreased by 74%, accounting for about one
fifth of the overall reduction in child mortality.
Almost 20% of deaths in children under the age of five
– mostly those due to pneumonia and diarrhoeal diseases – are also preventable by vaccines. Efforts are
therefore being made to expand interventions. For example, a rapidly increasing number of countries in the
WHO African Region, the WHO Region of the Americas
and the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region have introduced pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in the past
year with support from the GAVI Alliance.

AFR

2.7

AMR

2.5

SEAR

5.2

EUR

3.8

EMR

2.6

WPR

5.2

Global

3.1

To reduce the number of maternal deaths, women
need access to good-quality reproductive-health care
and effective interventions. In 2008, 63% of women
aged 15–49 years who were married or in a consensual union were using some form of contraception,
while 11% wanted to stop or postpone childbearing
but were not using contraception. The proportion of
women receiving antenatal care at least once during
pregnancy was about 81% for the period 2005–2011,
but for the recommended minimum of four visits or
more the corresponding figure drops to around 55%.
The proportion of births attended by skilled personnel
– crucial for reducing perinatal, neonatal and maternal
deaths – is above 90% in three of the six WHO regions. However, increased coverage is needed in certain regions, such as Africa where the figure remains
less than 50% (Figure 2).

Despite a significant reduction in the number of maternal deaths – from an estimated 543 000 in 1990 to
287 000 in 2010 – the rate of decline is just over half
that needed to achieve the relevant MDG target.5 Between 1990 and 2010, the global rate of decline was
3.1% per annum, with lower rates in the WHO African
Region, WHO Region of the Americas and WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (Table 1). Approximately one
quarter of the countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio in 1990 (≥100 maternal deaths per 100 000
live births) have made insufficient or no progress.

5.

1990–2010

About half the world’s population is at risk of malaria,
and an estimated 216 million cases in 2010 led to approximately 655 000 deaths – 86% of these in children
under the age of five. In a total of eight countries and
one territory in the WHO African Region there was a
more than 50% reduction in either confirmed malaria
cases or malaria admissions and deaths. In other WHO
regions, the number of reported cases of confirmed
malaria decreased by more than 50% in 35 of the 53
countries with ongoing transmission between 2000 and

MDG 5; Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990
and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.

13

Contraceptive prevalence Antenatal care coverage:
(any method),
at least one visit,
2008
2005–2011

Births attended by
skilled health personnel,
2005–2011

Afr
Amr
Sear
Eur
Emr
Wpr
Global

100

Unmet need for
family planning,
2008

Afr
Amr
Sear
Eur
Emr
Wpr
Global

Figure 2. Coverage of reproductive-health services

80

(%)

60

40

20

Afr
Amr
Sear
Eur
Emr
Wpr
Global

Afr
Amr
Sear
Eur
Emr
Wpr
Global

0

Globally, the annual number of new cases of tuberculosis has been slowly falling since 2006. In 2010, there
were an estimated 8.8 million new cases – approximately 13% of which occurred in people living with HIV. In
2010, an estimated 1.1 million HIV-negative people died
from tuberculosis, while an additional 0.35 million died
from HIV-associated tuberculosis. Since 1990, mortality
due to tuberculosis has fallen by just over one third –
though regional variations persist (Figure 4). In 2009, the
treatment-success rate reached 87% worldwide, representing the third successive year that the target of 85%
(first set by the World Health Assembly in 1991) was
exceeded. Although all six WHO regions are on course
to achieve the relevant MDG target,6 multidrug-resistant
tuberculosis continues to present significant problems.

2010, while downward trends of 25–50% were seen in
four other countries. The estimated incidence of malaria fell globally by 1.8% per annum between 2000 and
2009 (Figure 3). The coverage of interventions such as
the distribution of insecticide-treated nets and indoor
residual spraying has greatly increased, and will need
to be sustained in order to prevent the resurgence of
disease and deaths caused by malaria.

Figure 3. Annual decline (%) in malaria incidence,
2000–2009
Afr
Amr
Sear
Eur
Emr
Wpr
Global

In 2010, an estimated total of 2.7 million people were
newly infected with HIV – 15% less than the 3.1 million
0

–10

–20

–30

–40

–50

6.

(%)

14

MDG 6; Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse
the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Figure 4. Trends in estimated tuberculosis mortality rates, 1990–2010 7
AFR

AMR

SEAR

per 100 000 population

50
40
30
20
10
0

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

1990

1995

EUR

2000

2005

2010

1990

1995

EMR

2000

2005

2010

2005

2010

WPR

per 100 000 population

50
40
30
20
10
0

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

1990

1995

2000

8.

For a list of the 17 neglected tropical diseases please see:
http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/en/

1990

1995

2000

8
7

People dying from AIDS-related causes
People receiving antiretroviral therapy

Millions of people

6

Neglected tropical diseases are a group of 17 diseases8
endemic in 149 countries and which affect more than
1000 million people. With the exception of dengue and
leishmaniasis, these diseases rarely cause outbreaks,
Estimated tuberculosis mortality excludes tuberculosis deaths
among HIV-positive people. Shaded areas represent margins
of uncertainty.

2010

Figure 5. Number of people with access to antiretroviral
therapy and the number of people dying from
AIDS-related causes in low- and middleincome countries, 2002–2010

people newly infected in 2001. In 22 countries in subSaharan Africa, a similar rate of decline has been observed over the past decade, but the number of cases in
this region still accounts for 70% of all those who acquire
HIV infection globally. At the end of 2010, there were an
estimated 34 million people living with HIV – an increase
on previous years. As access to antiretroviral therapy in
low- and middle-income countries expands (16 times
more people were treated in 2010 than in 2003), the
population living with HIV will continue to climb as fewer
individuals die from AIDS-related causes (Figure 5).7

7.

2005

5
4
3
2
1
0
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

15

and thrive in the poorest, most marginalized communities, causing severe pain, permanent disability and
death. Since 2007, a coordinated and integrated approach has enabled WHO to reach a turning point in
its efforts to overcome these diseases through the simultaneous use of multiple safe and high-quality donated medicines. In the case of dracunculiasis, fewer
than 1100 cases were reported in 2011 which would
indicate that this disease is on the verge of eradication
without the use of any medication or vaccine.

With regard to basic sanitation, current rates of progress are too slow for the MDG target to be met, both
globally (Figure 6) and within WHO regions – with the
exception of the WHO Western Pacific Region. In 2010,
2500 million people did not have access to improved
sanitation facilities, with 72% of these people living in
rural areas. The number of people living in urban areas
without access to improved sanitation is increasing because of rapid growth in the size of urban populations.
Although almost all countries publish an essential medicines list, the availability of medicines at public health
facilities is often poor. Surveys conducted in more than
70 mainly low- and middle-income countries indicate
that the average availability of selected generic medicines at health facilities was only 42% in the public
sector and 64% in the private sector. The availability of
medicines for the treatment of chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is particularly poor when compared with the availability of medicines for acute conditions. In a study of 40 countries, the mean public sector
availability of generic chronic NCD medicines was 36%,
while in the same facilities the availability of medicines
for acute conditions was 53.5%.10 A lack of medicines
in the public sector forces patients to purchase medicines from the private sector, where generic medicines
cost on average 610% more than their international
reference price. Such low public sector availability and
high private sector prices drive many families into catastrophic poverty, particularly those with a family member suffering from a chronic NCD.

The world has now met the MDG target relating to access to safe drinking-water.9 In 2010, 89% of the population used an improved source of drinking-water compared to 76% in 1990 (Figure 6). Progress has however
been uneven in different regions. While coverage is at
least 90% in four of the six WHO regions, it remains low
in the WHO African Region and WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region.
MDG 7; Target 7.C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and
basic sanitation.

9.

Figure 6. Global trends in the proportion of population
using safe drinking-water sources and
improved sanitation
100

Global water target
80

With less than four years to go before the end of 2015,
it is clear that much remains to be done if the healthrelated MDGs set out in 2000 are to be achieved. At
the same time, the world faces new challenges that will
need to be reflected in the ways in which progress is
measured after 2015.

Proportion of population (%)

Global sanitation target
60

40

Improved drinking-water source
Improved sanitation

20

10.

0

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

16

Cameron A et al. (2011). Differences in the availability of medicines for chronic and acute conditions in the public and private
sectors of developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health
Organization, 89:412–421. Doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.084327
(http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/89/6/10-084327/en/index.html).

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Regional and country charts
The following charts provide country-by-country summaries of progress and current regional averages for key MDG
indicators for which data are available. Depending on the availability of data for each indicator, there are two types
of chart:

Chart type I
For six indicators – under-five mortality rate; maternal mortality ratio; HIV prevalence; tuberculosis incidence rate;
population without access to improved drinking-water sources; and population without access to improved sanitation – the charts show the average annual rate of decline (AARD) since 1990 up to the latest available year (or for
the year range indicated), and the overall AARD required for the country to achieve the relevant MDG by 2015. The
country figures show data for the latest available year.

Chart type II
For seven indicators – measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds; births attended by skilled health personnel; antenatal care coverage; unmet need for family planning; antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with
advanced HIV infection; children aged <5 years sleeping under insecticide-treated nets; and children aged <5 years
with fever who received treatment with any antimalarial – the charts show only data for the latest available year with
a WHO target.
... indicates data not available or not applicable.
Further details can be found in the country tables shown in Part III as indicated below each chart.

17

18

1I

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

AARD 
AARD (%) in under-five mortality rate,
1990–2010

AFR

AMR

EUR

Madagascar

62

Peru

19

San Marino

2

Oman

9

Rwanda

64

El Salvador

16

Turkey

13

Egypt

22

Malawi

92

Saint Kitts and Nevis

8

Estonia

5

Tunisia

16

61

Antigua and Barbuda

8

Serbia

7

United Arab Emirates

7

Portugal

4

Libya

17

Saudi Arabia

18

Eritrea

Liberia 103

Brazil

19

Niger 143

Mexico

17

United Republic of Tanzania

Belize

76

17

Slovenia

3

Czech Republic

4

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

12

36

Ecuador

20

Greece

4

Senegal

75

Nicaragua

27

Hungary

6

Namibia

40

Guatemala

99

Honduras

Algeria

Uganda

Guinea 130

Gambia

98

Cape Verde

36

48

Seychelles

14

87

Iceland

2

Italy

4

Paraguay

25

Israel

5

Argentina

14

Norway

3

Croatia

6

Grenada

11

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Andorra

Regional average: 68

Afghanistan 149
Kuwait

11

Djibouti

91

Sudan 103
Iraq

39

Somalia 180

4

Ireland

4

18

Russian Federation

12

Costa Rica

10

Belgium

4

Mongolia

32

Suriname

31

Spain

5

Singapore

3

Panama

20

Austria

4

Malaysia

6

Jamaica

24

Bosnia and Herzegovina

8

Vanuatu

14

United States of America

8

Albania

18

Lao People's Democratic Republic

54

Finland

3

China

18

Sweden

3

Cambodia

51

Denmark

4

Viet Nam

23

Saint Lucia

16

WPR

Regional average: 19

Canada

6

Dominica

12

Montenegro

8

Cook Islands

9

Bahamas

16

France

4

Philippines

29

Trinidad and Tobago

27

Slovakia

8

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

21

Latvia

10

Barbados

20

Côte d'Ivoire 123
Botswana

77

Pakistan

9

74

78

Yemen

11

Burundi 142

93

14

Chile

Guinea-Bissau 150

Congo

10

Romania

Uruguay

86

Swaziland

Bahrain

7

Nigeria 143

Gabon

20

Lithuania

15

Mali 178

22

Armenia

30

19

Togo 103

Lebanon

Guyana

Angola 161

Comoros

6

3

Equatorial Guinea 121
Benin 115

22

Belarus

Luxembourg

Colombia

16

Jordan

54

Regional average: 14

36

6

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Sierra Leone 174

Morocco

4

6

74

26

Poland

Cuba

Mozambique 135

Mauritius

24

8

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Cyprus

27

Zambia 111
Ghana

32

Qatar

Syrian Arab Republic

Dominican Republic

Regional average: 18

Ethiopia 106

Regional average: 119

EMR

Haiti 165

SEAR

Chad 173

Georgia

22

Germany

4

Azerbaijan

46

Monaco

4

Republic of Moldova

19

Netherlands

4

Kyrgyzstan

38

Japan

3

Marshall Islands

26

Australia

5

New Zealand

6

Kiribati

49

Tuvalu

33

Palau

19

Fiji

17

Solomon Islands

27

Sao Tome and Principe

80

Maldives

15

Kenya

85

Timor-Leste

55

Burkina Faso 176

Bangladesh

48

Nepal

50

Bhutan

56

Turkmenistan

Thailand

13

Switzerland

5

Republic of Korea

5

Indonesia

35

Bulgaria

13

Papua New Guinea

61

Mauritania 111
Democratic Republic of the Congo 170
South Africa
Lesotho

57
85

Regional average: 57

Malta
Tajikistan

6
63
56

Brunei Darussalam

7

Tonga

16

Sri Lanka

17

Kazakhstan

33

Samoa

20

Central African Republic 159

India

63

United Kingdom

5

Micronesia (Federated States of)

42

Cameroon 136

Myanmar

66

Ukraine

13

Nauru

40

80

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

33

Uzbekistan

52

Niue

22

Zimbabwe

The under-five mortality rate is defined as the probability of dying by age 5 expressed as the total number of such deaths per 1000 live births. Within each WHO region, countries are
sorted in descending order based on the AARD in this rate.
In order to reach the MDG target of reducing by two thirds the under-five mortality rate between 1990 and 2015, an AARD of 4.3% is needed and this is denoted by the vertical line. The
numerical values show the estimated under-five mortality rate in each country in 2010. For countries with low levels of under-five mortality, the target AARD may not be applicable.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 1.

19

2I

Measles immunization coverage
among 1-year-olds (%)

AFR

AMR

EUR

Eritrea

Argentina

Albania

Bahrain

Mauritius

Brazil

Andorra

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Seychelles

Cuba

Belarus

Gambia

Dominica

Cape Verde

Honduras

Algeria

Nicaragua

Swaziland

Jordan

Hungary

Kuwait

Kazakhstan

Libya

Kyrgyzstan

Morocco

Monaco

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Burkina Faso

Qatar

Greece

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Botswana

Saudi Arabia

Turkmenistan

Antigua and Barbuda

Czech Republic

Oman

Belize

Finland

Tunisia

Angola
Ghana
Malawi
Burundi

Ecuador

Israel

Egypt

Grenada

Poland

United Arab Emirates

Guyana

Russian Federation

Uzbekistan

Saint Lucia

Zambia

Pakistan

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Panama

United Republic of Tanzania

Sudan

Slovakia

Mexico

Sao Tome and Principe

Djibouti
Regional average: 85

Syrian Arab Republic

Armenia

Uruguay

Bulgaria

Iraq

Republic of Moldova

Yemen

Turkey

Afghanistan

Germany

Lebanon

Kenya

Bahamas

Lesotho

Paraguay

Togo

Peru

Zimbabwe

Canada

Lithuania

Somalia

Rwanda

Chile

Luxembourg

Guatemala

Netherlands

Sierra Leone

Regional average: 76

EMR

Regional average: 93

Ethiopia

El Salvador

Cameroon

Trinidad and Tobago

Congo

United States of America

Namibia

Suriname

Croatia

Mozambique
Benin

Serbia

Regional average: 95

Viet Nam
Marshall Islands

Belgium
Georgia

Dominican Republic

Tajikistan

Regional average: 97

Ukraine
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Haiti

Iceland

Madagascar

SEAR

Mauritania

Republic of Korea

Spain

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Niue
Tonga

Slovenia

Costa Rica

Côte d'Ivoire

Nauru

Romania

Barbados

Nigeria

Cook Islands

Estonia

Jamaica

Niger

China

Sweden

Colombia

Comoros

WPR

Portugal

Latvia
Norway

Mongolia
Malaysia
Singapore
Australia

Brunei Darussalam
Fiji
Japan

South Africa

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Liberia

Sri Lanka

Mali

Thailand

Central African Republic

Maldives

Guinea-Bissau

Bhutan

Italy

Tuvalu

Senegal

Bangladesh

Montenegro

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Gabon

Indonesia

Uganda

Myanmar

Equatorial Guinea

Nepal

Guinea

Regional average: 79

Chad

San Marino
United Kingdom

Cambodia
New Zealand

France

Kiribati

Ireland

Philippines

Switzerland

Palau

Cyprus

Solomon Islands

Denmark

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Austria

Samoa

India

Malta

Papua New Guinea

Timor-Leste

Azerbaijan

Vanuatu

This chart shows the percentage of 1-year-olds fully immunized against measles. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the 2010 level.
The vertical line denotes the target of 90% coverage by 2015 set at the World Health Assembly (WHA) 2010.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 3.

20

3I

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

AARD (%) in maternal mortality ratio,
1990–2010

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Equatorial Guinea

240

Peru

67

Estonia

2

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

21

Eritrea

240

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

190

Belarus

4

Oman

32

Ethiopia

350

Barbados

51

Romania

27

Egypt

66

340

Chile

25

Lithuania

8

240

100

Poland

Madagascar

Honduras

5

56

20

450

Brazil

Turkey

Angola

Trinidad and Tobago

46

Italy

4

El Salvador

81

Austria

Saint Lucia

35

Slovakia

Mexico

50

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Rwanda

Cape Verde
Malawi
Burkina Faso

79
460
300

Algeria

97

Benin

350

Sao Tome and Principe

70

Niger

590

Togo

300

Mali

540

Guinea

610

Czech Republic

Syrian Arab Republic

70

Yemen

200

Morocco

100

Afghanistan

460

4

Tunisia

56

6

Qatar

7

8

Lebanon

25

5

Colombia

92

Greece

3

United Arab Emirates

12

Nicaragua

95

Russian Federation

34

Pakistan

260

Haiti

350

Bulgaria

11

Saudi Arabia

24

Ecuador

110

Uzbekistan

28

150

8

63

Dominican Republic

Portugal

Jordan

Grenada

24

Serbia

12

Guatemala

120

Regional average: 63

Regional average: 20

Kazakhstan

51

Netherlands

6

Regional average: 250

Libya

58

Djibouti

200

Iraq

63

Sudan

730

7

Bahrain

20

7

Somalia 1000

Gambia

360

Uruguay

29

Albania

Uganda

310

27

Belize

53

Israel

United Republic of Tanzania

460

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

48

Germany

Mozambique

490

Paraguay

99

Cyprus

10

Senegal

370

Panama

92

Malta

8

Côte d'Ivoire

400

Bahamas

47

Latvia

34

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

10

Viet Nam

59

Armenia

30

Lao People's Democratic Republic

470

540

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

92

Nigeria

630

Costa Rica

40

Ghana

350

Argentina

77

Cuba

73

Guyana

280

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Regional average: 480

Liberia

770

Comoros

280

Mauritania

510

Sierra Leone

890

Guinea-Bissau

790

Burundi

800

Gabon

230

Mauritius

60

Kenya

360

Zambia

440

Central African Republic

890

Namibia

200

Cameroon

690

Swaziland

320

Botswana

160

Chad 1100
Lesotho

8
32

Republic of Moldova

41

Sweden

4

Suriname

130

Tajikistan

65

United States of America

21

Iceland

5

Jamaica

110

Finland

5

Canada

12

Belgium

8

Antigua and Barbuda

...

Norway

7

Dominica

...

Azerbaijan

43

Saint Kitts and Nevis

...

Turkmenistan

67

Spain

6

Ireland

SEAR
Maldives
Bhutan
Nepal

Regional average: 200

620

France
Ukraine

6

Montenegro

8

60

Hungary

21

180

Kyrgyzstan

71

170

Denmark

12

Georgia
Slovenia

Timor-Leste

300

Bangladesh

240

India

200

Indonesia

220

Switzerland

Kuwait

14

WPR

Regional average: 49

China

37

Cambodia

250

Japan

5

Vanuatu

110

Mongolia

63

Malaysia

29

Philippines

99

Papua New Guinea

230

Singapore

3

Solomon Islands

93

Micronesia (Federated States of)

100

Australia

7

Fiji

26

Brunei Darussalam

24

New Zealand

15

Republic of Korea

16

67

Tonga

110

12

Cook Islands

...

8

Kiribati

...
...

12

Marshall Islands

Croatia

17

Nauru

...

Luxembourg

20

Niue

...

United Kingdom

South Africa

300

Myanmar

200

Zimbabwe

570

Sri Lanka

35

Andorra

...

Palau

...

Congo

560

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

81

Monaco

...

Samoa

...

Seychelles

...

Thailand

48

San Marino

...

Tuvalu

...

The maternal mortality ratio is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100 000 live births. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in descending order based on the AARD in
this ratio. Unrounded values have been used to calculate the AARD.
In order to reach the MDG target of reducing the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015, an AARD of 5.5% is needed and this is denoted by the vertical line.
The numerical values show the estimated maternal mortality ratio for 2010. For countries with low levels of maternal mortality, the target AARD may not be applicable.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 2.

21

4I

Births attended by
skilled health personnel (%)

AFR

AMR

EUR

Mauritius

Antigua and Barbuda

Lithuania

Qatar

Seychelles

Barbados

San Marino

Saudi Arabia

Algeria

Grenada

Switzerland

Cuba

Swaziland

Uruguay

Namibia

United States of America

Sao Tome and Principe

Slovenia

Jordan

Ireland

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Italy

Kuwait

Malta

Bahamas

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Libya

Belarus

Chile

Congo

United Arab Emirates

Turkmenistan

Saint Lucia

Botswana

Oman

Poland

Bahrain

Brazil

Serbia

Canada

Georgia

Syrian Arab Republic

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Russian Federation

Tunisia

Jamaica

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Iraq

Rwanda

Argentina

Croatia

Burkina Faso

Trinidad and Tobago

Czech Republic

Zimbabwe

Costa Rica

Cape Verde
Benin
Malawi

Senegal

Mexico

Cameroon

Colombia

Lesotho

Dominica

Burundi

Mauritania
Côte d'Ivoire
Mozambique
Ghana
Gambia

Armenia

Mali

Bulgaria
Kazakhstan

Guyana

Albania

Suriname

Estonia

El Salvador

Norway

Cook Islands

Latvia

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Honduras

Liberia

Guatemala

Guinea

Haiti

Niue

Austria

Palau

Regional average: 98

Australia
Mongolia

Kyrgyzstan

Malaysia

Turkey

Kiribati

Tajikistan

Tonga

Azerbaijan

Nauru

Andorra …

Thailand

China

Belgium …

Sri Lanka

New Zealand

Greece …

Maldives

Iceland …
Israel …

Myanmar

Luxembourg …

Comoros …

Bhutan

Monaco …

Equatorial Guinea …

India

Regional average: 59

Fiji
Singapore

France

Indonesia

Chad …

Japan

Denmark

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Ethiopia

Republic of Korea
Brunei Darussalam

Cyprus

SEAR

Niger

Ukraine

Romania

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) …

Sierra Leone

WPR

Germany

Saint Kitts and Nevis …

Nigeria

Lebanon …

Finland

Uganda
Central African Republic

Somalia

Belize

Zambia

Kenya

Sudan

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Panama

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Madagascar

Afghanistan

Slovakia

Ecuador

Nicaragua

Guinea-Bissau

Pakistan
Yemen

Republic of Moldova

Peru

United Republic of Tanzania

Morocco
Regional average: 59

Montenegro

Paraguay

Angola

Egypt
Djibouti

Hungary
Uzbekistan

Dominican Republic
Regional average: 93

Togo

Regional average: 48

EMR

Tuvalu

Regional average: 91

Marshall Islands
Viet Nam
Samoa
Vanuatu

Netherlands …

Cambodia

Portugal …

Solomon Islands

Eritrea …

Nepal

Spain …

Timor-Leste

Philippines

Gabon …

Sweden …

Papua New Guinea

South Africa …

Bangladesh

United Kingdom …

Lao People's Democratic Republic

This chart shows the percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2005.
The vertical line denotes the global target of 90% coverage by 2015 set by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD+5).
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

22

5I

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Antenatal care coverage (%):
at least one visit and at least four visits

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Burundi

Antigua and Barbuda

France

Rwanda

Barbados

Ireland

Sao Tome and Principe

Canada

Belarus

Swaziland

Cuba

Cyprus

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Malawi

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Namibia

Jordan

Uzbekistan

Saudi Arabia
Tunisia

Italy

Saint Lucia

Botswana

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ukraine

Dominican Republic

Zambia

Oman
Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Turkmenistan

Grenada

Cape Verde

Qatar
United Arab Emirates

Armenia

Dominica

Burkina Faso

Bahrain

Libya

Kazakhstan
Republic of Moldova

Kuwait

Jamaica

Serbia

Syrian Arab Republic

Bahamas

Czech Republic

Guinea-Bissau

Brazil

Montenegro

Lesotho

Colombia

Albania

Kenya

Uruguay

Latvia

Ghana

Paraguay

Zimbabwe

Mexico

Costa Rica

Uganda
Senegal

Algeria

Panama

Mozambique

Trinidad and Tobago

Guinea

Peru
Regional average: 95

United Republic of Tanzania
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Togo
Madagascar
Congo
Gambia

Regional average: 74

Georgia

Pakistan

Afghanistan

Turkey

Argentina

Bulgaria

Nicaragua

Croatia

Brunei Darussalam

Suriname

Denmark

Cook Islands

Estonia

Ecuador

Mali

United States of America

Angola

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Gabon


Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Israel

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta


Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Netherlands

Sri Lanka

Norway

Poland

Maldives

Comoros

Finland
Germany

Monaco

SEAR

Central African Republic

WPR

Fiji
Kiribati
Niue
Republic of Korea
Singapore
Mongolia
Australia
Tonga
China
Nauru
Tuvalu
Regional average: 93

Samoa
Philippines
Palau
Cambodia

Portugal

Romania

Indonesia

Russian Federation

Timor-Leste

San Marino

Marshall Islands

Myanmar

Slovakia

Solomon Islands

Slovenia

Papua New Guinea

Spain

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Thailand

Regional average: 76

Belgium

Mauritania

Ethiopia

Sudan

Austria

Belize

Niger

Chile

Sierra Leone

Lebanon

Andorra

Guatemala

Liberia

Chad

Somalia

Azerbaijan

El Salvador

Honduras

Nigeria

Yemen

Tajikistan

Haiti

Benin

Egypt
Regional average: 72

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Guyana

Cameroon

Morocco

Kyrgyzstan

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Côte d'Ivoire

Iraq
Djibouti

India

Viet Nam
Vanuatu
Malaysia

Mauritius

Bhutan

Sweden

Japan

Seychelles

Nepal

Switzerland

Micronesia (Federated States of)

South Africa

Bangladesh

United Kingdom

New Zealand

This chart shows the percentage of women who received antenatal care from skilled health personnel at least once and at least four times during pregnancy.
Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2005 for at least one visit. The regional averages refer to at least one visit.
The vertical line denotes the global target of 100% coverage by 2015 set by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD+5).
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

23

At least one visit
At least four visits

6I

Unmet need for
family planning (%)

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Zimbabwe

Paraguay

France

Egypt

Niger

Colombia

Turkey

Jordan

Cape Verde

Brazil

Republic of Moldova

Madagascar

United States of America

Azerbaijan

Dominican Republic

Namibia

Georgia

Mexico

Guinea

Swaziland

Iraq …
Kuwait …

Austria …

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Belarus …

Haiti

Belgium …

Lesotho

Djibouti …
Iran (Islamic Republic of) …

Andorra …

Honduras

United Republic of Tanzania

Bahrain …

Armenia

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Afghanistan …

Albania

Peru

Congo

Pakistan

Ukraine

Lebanon …
Libya …

Antigua and Barbuda …

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

Morocco …

Argentina …

Bulgaria …

Oman …
Qatar …

Kenya
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Bahamas …

Croatia …

Benin

Barbados …

Cyprus …

Saudi Arabia …

Zambia

Belize …

Czech Republic …

Somalia …

Mali

Canada …

Sierra Leone

Chile …

Senegal

Costa Rica …

Denmark …

Sudan …

Estonia …

Syrian Arab Republic …

Finland …
Germany …

Ethiopia

Cuba …

Ghana

Dominica …

Hungary …

Ecuador …

Iceland …

El Salvador …

Ireland …

Grenada …

Israel …

Liberia
Sao Tome and Principe
Uganda
Rwanda
Algeria …

Greece …

Guatemala …

Italy …

Guyana …

Kazakhstan …
Kyrgyzstan …

Jamaica …

Angola …

Latvia …

Panama …

Botswana …

Lithuania …

Saint Kitts and Nevis …

Burkina Faso …

Luxembourg …

Saint Lucia …

Burundi …

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines …

Cameroon …

Suriname …

Central African Republic …

Tunisia …
United Arab Emirates …

Malta …
Monaco …

Yemen …

WPR
Marshall Islands
Solomon Islands
Philippines
Tuvalu
Cambodia
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Samoa
Australia …
Brunei Darussalam …

Montenegro …

China …

Trinidad and Tobago …

Netherlands …

Cook Islands …

Chad …

Uruguay …

Norway …

Fiji …

Comoros …

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) …

Poland …

Japan …

Côte d'Ivoire …
Equatorial Guinea …
Eritrea …
Gabon …
Gambia …
Guinea-Bissau …
Malawi …
Mauritania …
Mauritius …
Mozambique …

Portugal …

Kiribati …

Romania …

Malaysia …

Thailand

Russian Federation …

Micronesia (Federated States of) …

Sri Lanka

San Marino …

SEAR

Slovakia …

India

Slovenia …

Bangladesh

Spain …

Nepal

Sweden …

Maldives

Switzerland …
Tajikistan …

Timor-Leste

Seychelles …

Bhutan …

South Africa …

Democratic People's Republic
of Korea …
Myanmar

Togo …

Serbia …

Indonesia

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia …

Mongolia …
Nauru …
New Zealand …
Niue …
Palau …
Papua New Guinea …
Republic of Korea …
Singapore …

Turkmenistan …

Tonga …

United Kingdom …

Vanuatu …

Uzbekistan …

Viet Nam …

This chart shows the percentage of women who are fecund and sexually active but want to stop or delay childbearing and are not using any method of contraception. Within each WHO
region, countries are sorted by the latest available data since 2005.
Achieving the MDG target of universal access to reproductive health by 2015 can be interpreted as 0% unmet need. The vertical line corresponds to 0% with the percentage of unmet
need shown to the left of this line with a range of 50%.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

24

7I

AARD (%) in HIV prevalence,
2000–2009

AFR

AMR

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

EUR

EMR

Liberia

  937

Colombia   342

Spain

294

Burkina Faso

  699

Panama   585

Hungary

30

Central African Republic  2 861

Guyana   771

Greece

79

Qatar

  8

Honduras   520

Italy

240

Morocco

  81

Côte d'Ivoire  2 124
Mali

Peru   256

Zimbabwe  9 518
Eritrea

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)   122

  490

United Republic of Tanzania  3 199
Malawi  6 059

  400

Regional average: 341

Ghana  1 099

338

Netherlands

135

France

246

Sweden

88

Norway

Uganda  3 645

Iran (Islamic Republic of)   125

Regional average: 123

83

Pakistan

  54

Oman

  39

Somalia   373
Egypt

  13

Tunisia

  24

Sudan   615

Bahamas  1 921

Israel

105

Poland

70

Afghanistan


Mexico   201

Portugal

390

Bahrain

Belize  1 554

Switzerland

240

Iraq

Paraguay   199

Ireland

152

Jordan

Ukraine

766

Kuwait

Malta

71

Libya

Germany

81

Saudi Arabia

Luxembourg

182

Syrian Arab Republic

Armenia

62

United Arab Emirates

Iceland

172

Yemen

425

Canada   200
Argentina   283

  674

  84

Djibouti  1 604

Suriname   717

United States of America   391

Regional average: 2 740

Benin

Republic of Moldova

Dominican Republic   568

Burundi  2 139

Niger

134

Ecuador   275

Rwanda  1 664

  789

74

Belgium

Jamaica  1 161

Kenya  3 664

Guinea

Romania

Haiti  1 226

  581

Lebanon

Congo  2 078

El Salvador   549

Zambia  7 557

Trinidad and Tobago  1 085

Nigeria  2 104

Uruguay   296

Czech Republic

19

Chile   238

Denmark

97

Guatemala   445

Finland

49

Cambodia

Nicaragua   121

Croatia

20

Singapore

72

Lithuania

37

Japan

United Kingdom

137

6.4

Tajikistan

131

Latvia

385

Slovakia

6.6

Togo  1 884
Namibia  8 163
Cameroon  3 107
Madagascar

Costa Rica   215

  123

Regional average: 257

Barbados   827

Botswana  16 354

Cuba

  64

Antigua and Barbuda

Brazil

Dominica

Chad  1 846

Grenada

South Africa  11 236

Saint Kitts and Nevis

  413

Lesotho  13 914
Angola  1 089
Gabon  3 118

Slovenia

26

WPR

Regional average: 72

Malaysia

369

New Zealand

58

Australia

94

Republic of Korea

20

Viet Nam

316

Bulgaria

50

Turkey

6.1

Papua New Guinea

507

Estonia

736

Fiji

67

Saint Lucia

Serbia

50

Mongolia

17

Swaziland  15 605

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Azerbaijan

41

Philippines

9.5

Guinea-Bissau  1 346

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Mauritania

Mozambique  5 985
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Comoros
Algeria
Mauritius

SEAR

  472
  860
  32
  50
  684

Equatorial Guinea  2 945

Georgia

81

China

Cook Islands

Kiribati

Marshall Islands

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Nauru

Niue

Palau

Samoa


696

Maldives

11

Kazakhstan

84

India

200

Kyrgyzstan

178

Myanmar

477

Uzbekistan

103

Albania

Andorra

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Regional average: 199

Sri Lanka

217
14

Bhutan

142

Ethiopia

Indonesia

133

Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Seychelles

Timor-Leste

Democratic Republic of the Congo

135

Brunei Darussalam

Russian Federation

3.9

Lao People's Democratic Republic

172

786

Bangladesh

Cape Verde

183

Thailand

Nepal

Gambia  1 047

Austria
Belarus

Cyprus
Monaco



Solomon Islands

San Marino

Tonga

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

Montenegro

Turkmenistan

This chart shows the AARD in the estimated prevalence of HIV infections per 100 000 population per year for the period 2000–2009. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in
descending order based on the AARD in this rate.
The MDG target to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS can be interpreted as any AARD greater than 0%. The vertical line corresponds to an AARD of 0% with cutoff points of ± 10% on either side. Lightly shaded bars indicate countries in which the AARD was less than -10%. The numerical values show estimated HIV prevalence per 100 000
population for 2009.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 2.

25

8I

Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people
with advanced HIV infection (%)

AFR

AMR

Regional average: 49

EUR

EMR

Comoros

Nicaragua

Croatia

Oman

Botswana

Cuba

Slovakia

Lebanon

Namibia

Chile

Romania

Rwanda
Swaziland

Argentina

Zambia

Mexico

Kenya

Dominican Republic

Poland

Zimbabwe

Uruguay

Serbia

Benin

Brazil

Azerbaijan

Guinea

Paraguay

Lesotho

Costa Rica

South Africa

Ecuador

Regional average: 63

Gabon

El Salvador

Senegal

Jamaica

Togo

Peru

Burkina Faso

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Guinea-Bissau

Belize

Uganda

Guatemala

Mali

Haiti

Cape Verde

Honduras

Congo
Eritrea
United Republic of Tanzania

Gambia
Ghana
Burundi

Algeria

Regional average: 39

Jordan …

Latvia

Kuwait …
Libya …

Ukraine

Qatar …

Kyrgyzstan

Saudi Arabia …

Russian Federation
Albania …

Syrian Arab Republic …

Andorra …

United Arab Emirates …

Suriname

Austria …

Yemen …

Panama

Belgium …

Colombia

Bosnia and Herzegovina …

WPR

Cyprus …

Cambodia

Czech Republic …

Papua New Guinea

Denmark …

Viet Nam

Estonia …

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Finland …
Regional average: 43

Philippines

Canada …

France …

Dominica …

Germany …

Fiji

Grenada …

Greece …

China

Iceland …

Mongolia

SEAR

Nigeria
Central African Republic

Iraq …

Bulgaria

Tajikistan

United States of America …

Liberia

Bahrain …

Republic of Moldova
Regional average: 23

Trinidad and Tobago …

Niger

Somalia

Lithuania

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines …

Sierra Leone

Sudan
Afghanistan

Uzbekistan

Saint Lucia …

Angola

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Kazakhstan

Saint Kitts and Nevis …

Sao Tome and Principe

Pakistan
Regional average: 8

Armenia

Barbados …

Côte d'Ivoire

Tunisia

Hungary

Bahamas …

Cameroon

Egypt

Belarus

Antigua and Barbuda …

Chad

Djibouti

Turkey

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Mozambique

Morocco

Georgia

Guyana

Malaysia

Ireland …

Australia …

Israel …

Brunei Darussalam …

Italy …

Cook Islands …

Luxembourg …

Japan …

Malta …

Kiribati …

Monaco …

Marshall Islands …

Montenegro …

Micronesia (Federated States of) …

Thailand

Netherlands …

Nauru …

Bangladesh

Norway …

New Zealand …

Equatorial Guinea

Bhutan

Portugal …

Niue …

Mauritania

Sri Lanka

San Marino …

Palau …

Indonesia

Slovenia …

Republic of Korea …

Myanmar

Spain …

Samoa …

Nepal

Sweden …

Singapore …

Switzerland …

Solomon Islands …

Mauritius
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Madagascar
Ethiopia …

Maldives
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea …

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia …

Tonga …

Malawi …

India …

Turkmenistan …

Tuvalu …

Seychelles …

Timor-Leste …

United Kingdom …

Vanuatu …

This chart shows estimated antiretroviral therapy coverage in 2010 based on the standards for treatment set out in the 2010 guidelines of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/
AIDS. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in descending order by the level of coverage achieved.
The vertical line denotes the target of universal access to antiretroviral therapy, defined as providing antiretroviral therapy to at least 80% of patients in need.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

26

9I

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Children aged <5 years sleeping under
insecticide-treated nets (%)

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Niger

Argentina

Tajikistan

Sao Tome and Principe

Belize

Armenia

Gambia

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Azerbaijan

Brazil

Georgia

Colombia

Kyrgyzstan

Costa Rica

Russian Federation

Dominican Republic

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Kenya
Equatorial Guinea
Zambia
Guinea-Bissau

Ecuador

El Salvador

Ethiopia

Guatemala

Senegal

Guyana

Ghana

Haiti

Mali

Honduras

Sierra Leone

Jamaica

Togo

Malawi
Rwanda
Benin
Regional average: 18

Angola

United Republic of Tanzania
Central African Republic

Regional average: 5

Djibouti
Pakistan
Egypt


Iraq

Morocco

Andorra

Oman

Austria

Saudi Arabia

Belarus

Syrian Arab Republic

Uzbekistan

Non-endemic
Albania

Belgium

Mexico


Panama

Croatia

Paraguay

Cyprus

Non-endemic

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bahrain

Bulgaria

Peru

Czech Republic

Suriname

Denmark

Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Qatar

Estonia

Non-endemic

Yemen
Afghanistan

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Nicaragua

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Cameroon

Sudan
Somalia

Tunisia

Finland

United Arab Emirates

Burkina Faso

Antigua and Barbuda

France

Uganda

Bahamas

Germany

Barbados

Greece

Canada

Hungary

Viet Nam

Chile

Iceland

Cambodia

Cuba

Ireland

China

Dominica

Israel

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Italy

Malaysia

Kazakhstan

Papua New Guinea

Latvia

Philippines

Lithuania

Republic of Korea

Luxembourg

Solomon Islands

Malta

Vanuatu

Burundi
Mozambique
Congo
Côte d'Ivoire
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Grenada

Nigeria

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Liberia

Saint Lucia

Zimbabwe

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Guinea

Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America

Algeria …

Monaco

Uruguay

Botswana …
Cape Verde …

SEAR

Chad …
Indonesia

Comoros …
Eritrea …
Gabon …

WPR

Non-endemic

Montenegro

Australia

Netherlands

Brunei Darussalam

Norway

Cook Islands

Poland

Fiji
Japan

Bangladesh

Portugal

Bhutan

Republic of Moldova

Kiribati

Romania

Marshall Islands

San Marino

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Serbia

Mongolia

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

India

Myanmar

Slovakia

Nauru

Namibia …

Nepal

Slovenia

New Zealand

South Africa …

Sri Lanka

Madagascar …
Mauritania …
Mauritius …

Swaziland …
Non-endemic
Lesotho
Seychelles

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Spain

Niue

Sweden

Palau

Switzerland

Samoa

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Singapore

Non-endemic
Maldives

Ukraine

Tonga

United Kingdom

Tuvalu

This chart shows the percentage of children under 5 years old that slept under an insecticide-treated net the night prior to the survey. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted by the
latest available data since 2005.
The vertical line denotes the target of 80% coverage set by WHO and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

27

10I

Children aged <5 years with fever who received
treatment with any antimalarial (%)

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Guinea

Haiti

Tajikistan

Liberia

Honduras

Armenia

Gambia

Argentina

Azerbaijan

Belize

Georgia

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania

Brazil

Cameroon

Colombia

Central African Republic

Costa Rica

Benin

Dominican Republic

Guinea-Bissau

Ecuador

Nigeria
Burkina Faso
Congo

Kyrgyzstan
Russian Federation

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Uzbekistan


El Salvador

Andorra

Guatemala

Austria

Guyana

Belarus

Jamaica

Belgium

Mexico

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ghana

Nicaragua

Bulgaria

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Panama

Croatia

Mozambique

Paraguay

Cyprus

Côte d'Ivoire

Peru

Czech Republic

Suriname

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Estonia
Finland
France

Antigua and Barbuda

Mali

Germany

Bahamas

Sierra Leone

Barbados

Angola
Zimbabwe

Afghanistan

Egypt

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Iraq

Morocco

Oman

Saudi Arabia

Syrian Arab Republic

Yemen

Non-endemic
Bahrain
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Qatar

Denmark

Non-endemic

Niger

Somalia
Pakistan

Albania

Togo

Zambia

Djibouti

Non-endemic

Malawi

Chad

Sudan








Tunisia
United Arab Emirates

WPR

Greece

Solomon Islands

Hungary

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Canada

Iceland

Viet Nam

Chile

Ireland

Cambodia
Philippines

Kenya

Cuba

Israel

Mauritania

Dominica

Italy

China

Namibia

Grenada

Kazakhstan

Malaysia

Madagascar

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Latvia

Papua New Guinea

Burundi

Saint Lucia

Lithuania

Republic of Korea

Eritrea

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Luxembourg

Vanuatu

Ethiopia

Trinidad and Tobago

Senegal

United States of America

Malta
Monaco
Montenegro

Uruguay

Sao Tome and Principe

Netherlands

SEAR

Rwanda
Swaziland

Norway
Poland

India

Portugal

Non-endemic
Australia
Brunei Darussalam
Cook Islands
Fiji
Japan

Algeria

Timor-Leste

Botswana

Indonesia

Romania

Cape Verde

Sri Lanka

San Marino

Comoros

Nepal

Serbia

Equatorial Guinea

Bangladesh

Slovakia

Nauru

Slovenia

New Zealand

Republic of Moldova

Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Mongolia

Gabon

Bhutan

Mauritius

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

South Africa

Myanmar

Switzerland

Samoa

Thailand

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Singapore

Non-endemic
Lesotho
Seychelles

Non-endemic
Maldives

Spain

Niue

Sweden

Palau

Ukraine

Tonga

United Kingdom

Tuvalu

This chart shows the percentage of children under 5 years old with fever in the two weeks prior to the survey who received any antimalarial medicine. Within each WHO region, countries
are sorted by the latest available data since 2005.
The vertical line denotes the target of 100% coverage set by WHO and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 4.

28

11I

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

AARD (%) in incidence of tuberculosis,
2000–2010

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

Rwanda

106

Bahamas

11

Serbia 18.0

Yemen

Malawi

219

Honduras

51

Austria

5.0

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

17

Uganda

209

Mexico

16

Slovakia

8.0

United Arab Emirates

3.1

Botswana

503

Costa Rica

13

Germany

4.8

Syrian Arab Republic

20

Andorra

7.4

Jordan

5.4

Estonia

25

Bahrain

23

Latvia

39

Czech Republic

6.8

Egypt

18

Qatar

38

Morocco

91

Oman

13

Mali

68

Namibia

603

Ghana

Peru

106

Ecuador

65

Saint Lucia

7.9

United States of America

4.1

Nicaragua

42

86

Zambia

462

Comoros

37

Côte d'Ivoire

139

Burundi

129

United Republic of Tanzania

177

Nigeria

133

Burkina Faso

55

Dominican Republic
Regional average: 29

Argentina

67
27

19

Denmark

6.0

Croatia

21

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

21

Israel

4.9

Iraq

64
17

Chile

43

Slovenia

11

Lebanon

19

Italy

4.9

Libya

40

Finland

6.7

Pakistan

231

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

135

96

Canada

4.7

El Salvador

28
34

Greece

4.6

Sudan

119

Albania

14

Djibouti

620

Turkey

28

Somalia

286

Portugal

29

Tunisia

25

Belgium

8.7

Kuwait

41

Ireland

8.1

Mauritius

22

Colombia

Cape Verde

147

Haiti

Democratic Republic of the Congo

327

Uruguay

21

Algeria

90

Guatemala

62

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

24

Spain

16

Dominica

13

Poland

23

Grenada

4.1

France

9.3

Paraguay

46

Turkmenistan

66

Saint Kitts and Nevis

7.6

Netherlands

7.3

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

33

298

Chad

276

Cameroon

177

Congo

372

Central African Republic

319

Mozambique

544

Benin
Ethiopia

189

9.3

31

Kenya

18

Afghanistan

Regional average: 109

1.7

Seychelles

Regional average: 276

Saudi Arabia

Cuba
Brazil

633

Montenegro

Barbados

Sao Tome and Principe
Zimbabwe

Hungary 15.0

49

230

Belize

40

94

Jamaica

6.6

261

Panama

48

Lesotho

633

Trinidad and Tobago

19

Romania 116

Kazakhstan 151
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lithuania

WPR
Niue

6.5

Cook Islands

3.5

Samoa

11

Japan

21

Solomon Islands

108

Tonga

17

50
69

Vanuatu

69
237

7.6

Tuvalu

Russian Federation 106

Brunei Darussalam

68

Bulgaria

40

New Zealand

7.6
35

Regional average: 47

Switzerland

Eritrea

100

Antigua and Barbuda

4.9

Luxembourg

8.8

Singapore

Liberia

293

Guyana

111

Belarus

70

China

78

Gambia

273

Suriname

145

Norway

6.0

Micronesia (Federated States of)

206

Guinea-Bissau

233

Palau

124

Senegal

288

Philippines

275

Angola

304

Togo

455

Mauritania

337

Niger
Madagascar
Equatorial Guinea

Azerbaijan 110

SEAR

Regional average: 193

185
266
135

Swaziland 1287

Georgia 107
Maldives

36

Bhutan

151

India

185

Myanmar

384

Bangladesh

225

Indonesia

189

Nepal

163

Uzbekistan 128
Cyprus

4.4

Armenia

73

Kyrgyzstan 159
United Kingdom 13.0
Iceland

5.0

Ukraine 101

Malaysia

82

Mongolia

224

Cambodia

437

Nauru

40

Fiji

27

Viet Nam

199

Kiribati

370

Republic of Moldova 182

Papua New Guinea

303

Tajikistan 206

Australia

6.3

Malta

12

Lao People's Democratic Republic

90

Sweden

66

Regional average: 93

6.8

Guinea

334

Sri Lanka

South Africa

981

Thailand

137

Sierra Leone

682

Timor-Leste

498

Monaco

...

Republic of Korea

97

Gabon

553

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

345

San Marino

...

Marshall Islands

502

This chart shows the AARD in the estimated incidence of tuberculosis per 100 000 population per year for the period 2000–2010. Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in
descending order based on the AARD in estimated tuberculosis incidence.
Achieving the MDG target of halting by 2015 and beginning to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases such as tuberculosis can be interpreted as any AARD greater
than 0%. The vertical line corresponds to an AARD of 0% with a range of -10% to the left of the line and +15% to the right. The numerical values show the estimated incidence of new
tuberculosis cases per 100 000 population for 2010.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 2.

29

12I

AARD (%) in proportion of population without access
to improved drinking water-sources

AFR

AMR

EUR

7

Barbados <2

Andorra <2

Malawi 17

Canada <2

Austria <2

Qatar <2

2

Belarus <2

United Arab Emirates <2

Namibia

Belize

Ghana 14

Burkina Faso 21
Comoros

5

Cameroon 23
Swaziland 29

2

Mexico

4

Panama

...

Cuba

6

8

Israel <2

Chile

4

Italy <2

El Salvador 12

Luxembourg <2

Costa Rica

Guinea-Bissau 36

Trinidad and Tobago

4

Nicaragua 15

Eritrea

...

Suriname

Mauritania 50
Senegal 28
Sierra Leone 45

Madagascar 54

8

Peru 15

Ethiopia 56

Switzerland <2

Colombia

8

Turkey <2

...

Armenia

2

Antigua and Barbuda

...

Bahamas

...

Jamaica

7

Saint Kitts and Nevis <2

Nigeria 42

United States of America <2

Chad 49

Dominican Republic 14
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Côte d'Ivoire 20

Romania

Zimbabwe 20
Regional average: 10

...

...

5

Portugal <2

Fiji

2

Bosnia and Herzegovina <2

Republic of Korea

2

Russian Federation

3

Tuvalu

2

Republic of Moldova

4
2

Montenegro

2

Turkmenistan

...

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 36

India

8

Croatia <2

Sri Lanka

9

Estonia

2

Latvia <2
Lithuania

...

Serbia <2
Kazakhstan

Nepal 11

Rwanda 35

Viet Nam

4

2

5

Uzbekistan 13

United Republic of Tanzania 47

Timor-Leste 31

Lesotho 22

Indonesia 18

Algeria 17

Bangladesh 19

Poland

...

2

San Marino

...

Seychelles

...

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Tonga <2
Malaysia <2

...

Azerbaijan 20

Myanmar 17

Mauritius <2

Niue <2
Singapore <2

4

Bhutan

Maldives

Japan <2
New Zealand <2

Kyrgyzstan 10

Regional average: 2

Thailand <2

Congo 29

Australia <2

Hungary <2
Tajikistan

SEAR

Burundi 28

WPR

Greece <2

Ukraine

Angola 49

Equatorial Guinea

...

Sweden <2

United Kingdom <2

Central African Republic 33

Democratic Republic of the Congo 55

...

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Niger 51

Mozambique 53

Bahrain
Saudi Arabia

4

...

...

Iraq 21

Spain <2

...

Grenada

Libya

Slovakia <2

2

Gabon 13

3

Kuwait <2

Sudan 42

Saint Lucia

...

Jordan

Yemen 45

Argentina

Dominica

Somalia 71

Regional average: 15

Norway <2

Georgia

Togo 39

Syrian Arab Republic 10

Netherlands <2

Haiti 31

Zambia 39

Oman 11
Morocco 17

Monaco <2

6

Botswana

8

Djibouti 12

Malta <2

3

Honduras 13

Benin 25

4

Pakistan

France <2

Guatemala
Regional average: 4

Afghanistan 50
Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Germany <2

Ireland <2

...

Egypt <2

Finland <2

Iceland <2

Liberia 27

Kenya 41

Denmark <2

6

Guinea 26

Tunisia

Cyprus <2
Czech Republic <2

Guyana

Cape Verde 12

9

Brazil

Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 12

Mali 36

South Africa

6

Bulgaria <2

Paraguay 14

Gambia 11

Uganda 28

Ecuador

Lebanon <2

Belgium <2

Uruguay <2

Sao Tome and Principe 11

Regional average: 37

EMR

Albania

5

Slovenia <2

Vanuatu 10
Regional average: 8

China

9

Mongolia 18
Samoa

4

Lao People's Democratic Republic 33
Micronesia (Federated States of)

...

Cambodia 36
Philippines

8

Kiribati

...

Palau 15
Cook Islands

...

Solomon Islands

...

Papua New Guinea 60
Marshall Islands

6

Nauru 12
Brunei Darussalam

...

The AARD in the proportion of the population without access to safe drinking-water sources was calculated using the complement of the estimated proportion using an improved drinkingwater source, for the period 1990–2010 (or any minimum period of five years since 1990). Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in descending order based on this rate of decline.
In order to reach the MDG target of halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water, an AARD of 2.7% will be required and is denoted by the vertical
line. Countries with sustained low levels of proportion of population without improved drinking-water sources (<2%) can be considered to have met the target and are shown with the maximum
AARD at the beginning of their respective regional listing. The numerical values show the estimated percentage of the population not using improved drinking-water sources in 2010.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 5.

30

13I

AARD (%) in proportion of population
without access to improved sanitation

AFR

AMR

EUR

EMR

5

Bahamas

<2

Andorra <2

Cape Verde 39

Barbados

<2

Austria <2

Qatar <2

Angola 42

Canada

<2

Belgium <2

Iran (Islamic Republic of) <2

Botswana 38

United States of America

<2

Cyprus <2

Oman <2

Algeria

<2

Ecuador

8

Chile

4

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

...

Mexico

15

Belize

10

Israel <2

Paraguay

29

Luxembourg <2

South Africa 21
Central African Republic 66
Gambia 32
Comoros 64
Senegal 48
Malawi 49

Honduras

Ethiopia 79
Swaziland 43
Democratic Republic of the Congo 76

22

Somalia 77

Slovakia <2

Lebanon

...

Slovenia <2

Libya

3

Dominican Republic

Regional average: 13

29
17

Burkina Faso 83

Colombia

Spain <2
Sweden <2

...

...

United Kingdom <2

Saudi Arabia

...

23

Uzbekistan <2

5
17

Albania

6

Saint Lucia

35

Tajikistan

4

Nicaragua

48

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

73

Antigua and Barbuda

...

Ghana 86

Argentina

...

Dominica

...

Madagascar 85

Grenada

3

...

Jamaica

20

Chad 87

Saint Kitts and Nevis

4

Côte d'Ivoire 76

Haiti

Niger 91
Zambia 52

Portugal <2

WPR
Australia <2
Japan <2

Azerbaijan 18
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

6

Bulgaria <2

Niue <2
Republic of Korea <2
Palau <2

Republic of Moldova 15
Turkey 10
Greece

Malaysia

2

4

3

Lao People's Democratic Republic 37

Armenia 10

Viet Nam 24

Kazakhstan
Regional average: 8

Cook Islands <2

Romania

...

Fiji 17

83

Belarus

7

China 36

Trinidad and Tobago

8

Bosnia and Herzegovina

5

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

...

Burundi 54

Vanuatu 43
Philippines 26

Ireland <2

3

Kyrgyzstan

7

Sri Lanka

8

Latvia

...

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

20

Lithuania

...

Myanmar

24

Indonesia

46

Bangladesh

44

Nepal

69

Russian Federation 30

Congo 82

Timor-Leste

53

Gabon 67

India

66

Nigeria 69

Bhutan

...

Thailand

...

Mauritius 11
Regional average: 57

Zimbabwe 60

Singapore <2

5

Maldives

United Republic of Tanzania 90

Regional average: 31

Croatia <2
Estonia

SEAR

Lesotho 74

Seychelles

Djibouti 50
Bahrain

Suriname

Mozambique 82

Sudan 74

Switzerland <2

Costa Rica

Kenya 68

Togo 87

2

Afghanistan 63

Panama

Equatorial Guinea

2

Norway <2

Sao Tome and Principe 74

Cameroon 51

Jordan
United Arab Emirates

Monaco <2

16

Sierra Leone 87

Pakistan 52

Netherlands <2

Liberia 82

Eritrea

Malta <2

Regional average: 34

Morocco 30

9

21

Mali 78

Yemen 47

Hungary <2

13

Brazil

Benin 87

...

Cuba

Peru

Guinea 82

5

Tunisia

Germany <2

Iceland <2

5

El Salvador
Guatemala

Uganda 66

Egypt
Syrian Arab Republic

France <2

23

Guyana

Namibia 68

Finland <2

Iraq 27

Mauritania 74
Guinea-Bissau 80

Kuwait <2

Denmark <2

Uruguay

Rwanda 45

Regional average: 66

01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010100110101010110010100101100101111010101001010100101010110001001
01010110001001101001101001011010101011000100110100110100101101010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101001011001011110101010010101010010110010111101010100101010100101
0010011010011001001101001100100110100110010011010011001001101001
0010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101100010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101100010011010010101001010101
0110001001101001101001011010100110001001101001101001011010100110001001
100101111010010101001010010111101001010100101001011110100101010010100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
00101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001101000101001
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
111010010101001010111010010111101001010100101011101001011110100101010010101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
100101111010101001011001011110101010010110010111101010100101100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001
010010110100001001011010000100101101000010010110100001001011010000100101
01101001100110100110011010011001101001100110100110011010011001101001

Montenegro 10
Poland

...

Serbia

8

Turkmenistan

2

Marshall Islands 25
Cambodia 69
Tuvalu 15
Kiribati

...

Solomon Islands

...

Mongolia 49
Tonga

4

Nauru 35
Papua New Guinea 55

Georgia

5

Ukraine

6

Micronesia (Federated States of)

Czech Republic

2

Samoa

2

56

Italy

...

Brunei Darussalam

...

12

San Marino

...

New Zealand

...

...

The AARD in the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation was calculated using the complement of the estimated proportion using improved sanitation, for the period
1990–2010 (or any minimum period of five years since 1990). Within each WHO region, countries are sorted in descending order based on this rate of decline.
In order to reach the MDG target of halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation, an AARD of 2.7% will be required and is denoted by
the vertical line. Countries with sustained low levels of proportion of population without improved sanitation (<2%) can be considered to have met the target and are shown with the
maximum AARD at the beginning of their respective regional listing. The numerical values show the estimated percentage of the population not using improved sanitation in 2010.
Further details may be found in Part III, Table 5.

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