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# CBSE TEST PAPER-02 CLASS - XII PHYSICS (Communication System) [ANSWERS]

Ans1:

## d = 2 Rh = 2 6400 1000 300

d = 62km.

Ans2:

Ground waves are not suitable for propagation high frequencies because signals having frequency more than 1500 KHz are greatly absorbed by the surface of the earth and cannot be transmitted.

Ans3:

Amplitude Modulation.

Ans4:

F2 is the topmost layer of ionosphere. Its height is upto 400km and is called as a reflecting layer for high frequency radio wave.

Ans5:

Am Ac

Am = Ac Am = 75 12 100

Am = 9V

Ans6:

Basic communication system consist of an information source, a transmitter, a link and a receiver.

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Ans7: Analog communication (1) Digital communication In digital communication digital signal is used which has only two levels i.e. high and low. (2)

In analog communication analog (1) signal is used which continuous varies with time.

(2)

Ans8:

(a) Ground wave propagation Radio travel along the surface of the earth and are called ground waves and the propagation along the surface of the earth is called ground wave propagation. It is limited to a frequency below 1.5 MHz

(b) Space wave propagation The radio waves which are reflected back to the earth by ionosphere are known as sky waves and this mode of propagation of sky waves is known as sky wave propagation.

(c) Space wave propagation High frequency waves which cannot be reflected back to the earth by transmitting antenna to receiving antenna by the mode called line of sight communication. It is also called as space wave propagation.

Ans9: Satellite communication and line of sight (LOS) communication make use of space waves. Now d1 = 2 Rh1 d 2 = 2 Rh2 For maximum range

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d m = 2 Rh1 + 2 Rh2 d m = d1 + d 2 = d

## Given h1 + h2 = h Let h1 = x then h2 = h x

d m = 2 Rx + 2 R(h x )
Differentiating wr.t x

dd m R = dx 2x

R 1 1 = 0i.e. = 2( h x ) 2 x 2(h x )

x = h 2 h1 = h2 = h 2

Ans10: Given e = 10 sin ( 5 108 + +6sin1000t ) Compare if with general equation e = E sin (wct + mf sin wmt) Carries frequency c =
wc 5 108 = 2 2 3.14

c = 79.62 MHz
Modulating signal frequency

m =

## Wm 100 = = 15.92 Hz 2 2 3.14

Power dissipated

( Erms ) P=
R

( ) =
10 2

100

= 0.5 Watts

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