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Running Head: REVIEW OF REFERENCES

Review of References: A Cool Advancement in Medicine Derek Sibley Ferris State University

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to look over a previous research article to see if I had used quality journals as references, or if they had their own agenda they were trying to pursue. Three articles are broken down, reviewed, and reflected upon. They all involved application of cold therapy during attacks of acute ischemia and its damaging effects. The articles used for this previous research all are unique, but I believe they pass standards for quality research articles.

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

Review of References: A Cool Advancement in Medicine Articles used for previous personal research are being reviewed for quality and usefulness. This exercise helps when doing research in the future, and allows us to pick out good quality articles from which to base our opinions. Review Quality research is done by operationalizing the goal or other parts of the research, so you know exactly what you are looking for in articles. Therefore, some key definitions are going to be operationalized for the purpose of research and this paper. A refereed journal is an article that is reviewed by subject experts, and also chosen by the journals staff (Nieswiadomy, 2012). This includes a peer review, which is defined as the evaluation of manuscripts by professional colleagues who are content and methodological experts (Nieswiadomy, 2012). It is important to know the definitions of these because a peer reviewed journal is usually of higher quality, especially the expert peer reviewed journals. They also usually include an abundance of references backing up their facts. But you should look at those references for quality before evaluating the article itself, because a tricky writer can make their article look credible if you arent careful. Credentials are also an important aspect of the credibility of the article. There are two main types of research, qualitative and quantitative. According to Nieswiadomy, qualitative research is more concerned with the meaning of different experiences, like hospital visits, based on subjective information, including surveys and other means of gathering required information. On the other hand, quantitative studies are more concerned with operalization or definitions and objectivity (Nieswiadomy, 2012). This makes the study more concrete and easier to replicate of build from.

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

Article 1 The first reference article is titled The small chill: mild hypothermia for cardioprotection?. This article is a quantitative study of the effects of mild hypothermia as an immediate treatment for ischemic damage in the heart. These studies include a lot of animal testing statistics, which showed different aspects of the cooling process and its effects, using various timing techniques for application of cooling devices, to see the differences in effectiveness of the treatment. This particular treatment used rabbits. This article is characterized as a quantitative type because of the majority of numbers and concrete specifics of how the research and experiments were performed. It also includes an extensive reference list with many esteemed researchers. There are numbers in almost every sentence of the article, and many statements are made from a scientific stance. This is more of a cardiology article, but it is very useful as borrowed information, as this treatment is mostly performed by nurses, but EMTs can begin the cold pack application on site, because the more quickly the body is cooled, the better the outcome. The article was retrieved from Oxford Journals, which seems like quality journal for information and article research. Article 2 This article was titled Rapid implementation of therapeutic hypothermia in comatose outof-hospital cardiac arrest survivors (Busch, 2006). This article was about the implementation on actual human patients that had experienced an out of hospital cardiac arrest. They had normalized the patients that received this treatment into tables of useful information and numbers, with proper explanations of the tables, as well as other information from randomized control studies to formulate this research of evidence based practice. They used a university

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

hospital to carry out the treatment and record information of its effects on patients of various ages. This article was not written by RNs, but uses much of their information in the research article. It was originally published in Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, but I referenced it from Wiley Online Library. It also includes a large list of references that seem to be of high quality. It is useful to nurses because these researchers put together all of the information and nurses get to use the information to save lives or improve the quality of patient lives after an ischemic event. Article 3 This article titles, Induced Hypothermia for Patients with Cardiac Arrest: Role of a clinical nurse specialist, is actually written by an RN, and is more of a traditional case study research type. It shows the individual experience of a patient that suffered form an ischemic attack and received cold therapy. It also has some quantitative research in the background of cardiac arrest and ischemia. It is a valuable article for nurses because it actually shows an individual and how much the cold therapy helped her in her extreme circumstances. I found this article in the journal CriticalCareNurse, and still has a healthy amount of references from other respected journals. The information is concrete and effectively conveys the point of evidence based practice in this particular trial. Reflection After reviewing the articles, I believe that all are credible as references. They are all of high quality writing and research design, as well as being published in respected journals. They all have a reference list with other articles that pass the same criteria. This is important to nursing because we cant be trying to research best methods of treatment and evidence based practice

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

without knowing what a quality, unbiased article looks like. And if we use incorrect or unaccepted information, that hasnt been peer reviewed, then we arent providing best possible care due to our own ignorance, which is unacceptable.

REVIEW OF REFERENCES

References Busch, M., Soreide, E., Lossius, H.M., Lexow, K., Dickstein, K. (2006). Rapid implementation of therapeutic hypothermia in comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors. PubMed. PMID:17067329. Kozik, T. M. (2007). Induced Hypothermia for patients with cardiac arrest: Role of a clinical nurse specialist. Critical Care Nurse. Vol. 27-5 pg 36-48. Nieswiadomy, R. (2012). Foundations of nursing research. (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc. Tissier, R., Chenoue, M., Ghaleh, B., Conan, M.V., Downey, J. M., Berdeaux, A. (2010). The small chill: mild hypothermia for cardioprotection?. Oxford Journals. doi:10.1093/cvr/cvq227.