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PROJECT : CLIENT : JOB NO.

DATE :

PAGE : DESIGN BY : REVIEW BY :

Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-02


INPUT DATA
CONCRETE STRENGTH REBAR YIELD STRESS FACTORED AXIAL LOAD FACTORED MOMENT LOAD FACTORED SHEAR LOAD LENGTH OF SHEAR WALL THICKNESS OF WALL DEPTH AT FLANGE WIDTH AT FLANGE TOTAL WALL HEIGHT TO TOP REINF. BARS AT BULB WALL DIST. HORIZ. REINF. WALL DIST. VERT. REINF. HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR. HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR. fc' fy Pu Mu Vu L t D B Hw 4 2 2 legs of legs of = = = = = = = = = = # # # # # 4 60 ksi ksi

DESIGN SUMMARY
SHEAR WALL LENGTH SHEAR WALL THICKNESS BULB END WIDTH BULB END DEPTH BULB REINFORCING WALL HORIZ. REINF WALL VERT. REINF HOOP REINF - WIDTH, B, DIR. HOOP REINF - LENGTH DIR. L t B D # # # # # = = = = 7 4 4 4 4 10.00 12.00 12.00 12.00 @ @ @ @ ft in in in 13 13 3 3 in o.c. in o.c. in o.c. in o.c.

58.8 k 2318 ft-k 144.5 k 10 12 12 12 28 7 4 4 4 4 ft in in in ft @ 13 @ 13

4 2 2 2 2

THE WALL DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.

L
in. o.c. in. o.c.

D t B

2 2

ANALYSIS
3000 2500 2000

f Pn (k)

1500 1000 500 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000

f Mn (ft-k)

CHECK SHEAR CAPACITY


THE MINIMUM REINFORCEMENT RATIOS ARE GIVEN BY ACI 318-02 SECTION 21.7.2.1 AND SECTION 14.3 AS 0.5 (rV )min. = 0.0025 [ for Acv (fc') = 91.07 kips < Vu ] 0.5 (rn )min. = 0.0025 [ for Acv (fc') = 91.07 kips < Vu , and bar size #4 ] where Acv = 1440 in2 (gross area of concrete section bounded by web thickness and length in the shear direction) THE PROVIDED REINFORCEMENT RATIOS ARE rV = 0.0026 > (rV )min. [Satisfactory]

rn =

0.0026

>

(rn )min.

[Satisfactory] Vu

The proposed spacing is less than the maximum permissible value of 18 in and is satisfactory. Since wall one curtain reinforcement required. (ACI 318-02, Sec.21.7.2.2) THE DESIGN SHEAR FORCE IS GIVEN BY ACI 318-02 SECTION 21.7.4.1 & 21.7.4.4 AS fVn =MIN [ f Acv (ac (fc')0.5 + rn fy), 8 Acv (fc')0.5 ] = where f 242.21 kips 2.80 >2)

<

2 Acv (fc')0.5 ,

>

Vu

[Satisfactory]

In accordance with ACI 318-02 Sec. 21.7.4.3, if the ratio Hw / L does not exceed 2.0, the rV shall not less than rn, and this is satisfactory.

ac =

0.6 2.0 ( for Hw / L =

CHECK FLEXURAL & AXIAL CAPACITY


THE MAXIMUN DESIGN AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH, ACI 318-02, Sec. 21.7.5.1 & Eq.(10-2), IS f Pmax =0.8 f [ 0.85 fc' (Ag + Ast) + fy Ast] = 2786 kips. f = 0.65 (ACI 318-02, Sec.9.3.2.2) 2 Ag = 1440 in . Ast = 8.15 in2. THE DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY AT MAXIMUM AXIAL LOAD STRENGTH ARE FROM 0 TO 3063 ft-kips. where FOR THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION UNDER COMBINED FLEXURE AND AXIAL LOAD, THE MAXIMUM STRAIN IN THE CONCRETE AND IN THE TENSION REINFORCEMENT MUST SIMULTANEOUSLY REACH THE VALUES SPECIFIED IN ACI 318-02 SEC. 10.3.2 AS c = 0.003 AND s = fy / Es = 0.002069 . THE DEPTH TO THE NEUTRAL AXIS AND EQUIVALENT RECTANGULAR CONCRETE STRESS BLOCK ARE GIVEN BY Cb = d c / ( c + s ) =

e e e

67.47 in

a = Cb b1 = 57.35 in

where d = (L-0.5D) = 114 in

b1 =

0.85

( ACI 318-02, Sec. 10.2.7.3 )

THE DESIGN AXIAL AND MOMENT CAPACITIES AT THE BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION ARE 1650 kips AND 5355 ft-kips. IN ACCORDANCE WITH ACI SEC. 9.3.2 THE DESIGN MOMENT CAPACITY WITHOUT AXIAL LOAD IS MOMENT CAPACITY 3776 ft-kips. SUMMARY OF LOAD VERSUS MOMENT CAPACITIES ARE SHOWN IN THE TABLE BELOW, AND THEY ARE PLOTTED ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM ABOVE. f Pn (kips) f Mn (ft-kips) AT AXIAL LOAD ONLY = 2786 0 AT MAXIMUM LOAD = 2786 3063 AT 0 % TENSION = 2786 3063 AT 25 % TENSION = 2505 4345 AT 50 % TENSION = 2159 4919 AT BALANCED STRAIN CONDITION = 1650 5355 AT AXIAL LOAD OF( 0.1 fc' Ag ) = 576 3776 AT FLEXURE ONLY = 0 2115 THE DESIGN FORCES Pu & Mu ARE ALSO PLOTTED ON THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM. FROM THE INTERACTION DIAGRAM, THE ALLOWABLE FACTORED MOMENT AT AN AXIAL LOAD P u IS f Mn = 2372 kips. > Mu [Satisfactory]

f Mn = 0.9 Mn =

2115

kips.

AT AN AXIAL LOAD OF (0.1 fc' Ag ) THE STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTOR f REDUCES TO 0.7 AND USING THIS VALUES GIVES A DESIGN

CHECK BOUNDARY ZONE REQUIREMENTS


AN EXEMPTION FROM THE PROVISION OF BOUNDARY ZONE CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT IS GIVEN BY ACI SECTION 21.7.6.2, 21.7.6.3, and 21.7.6.5(a) PROVIDED THAT c < (L Hw) / (600 du) and fc < 0.2 fc' [Unsatisfactory] where c = 10 in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mu loads. ) = 0.963 ksi. ( the maximun extreme fiber compressive stress at Pu & Mu loads. )

du = 2.4 in. ( design displacement, assume 0.007Hw as a conservative short cut, see ACI 318-02 Sec. 21.7.6.2a. )
fc = (Pu / A) + (Mu y / I ) y = A = I = 60 in. ( distance from the extreme compression fiber to neutral axis at Pu & Mu loads. ) in2. ( area of transformed section. ) 1506 4 1806711 in . ( moment of inertia of transformed section. ) = 0.017

The longitudinal reinforcement ratio at the wall end

>

400 / fy [Unsatisfactory]

HENCE SPECIAL BOUNDARY ZONE DETAILING REQUIRED ! The boundary element length = MAX( c-0.1L, 0.5c ) = 5.02 in. ( ACI 318-02, Sec. 21.7.6.4 ) The maximum hoop spacing = 3 in.o.c. ( ACI 318-02, Sec. 21.4.4.2 ) 2 Ash, B DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh = 0.128 in . The required hoop reinforcement < # 4 provided 2 in . Ash, L DIR = (0.09 s hc fc' ) / fyh = 0.155 ( ACI 318-02, Eq.21-4 ) < # 4 provided
V V ( ( u u , , L T

[Satisfactory] [Satisfactory]

) )

M M A A X X

= =

2 2

f f

B L d d

f f

' ' c c