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A STUDENT’S SYNCHRONOLOGICAL CHART OF THE RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

“THE REAL HISTORY OF MAN, IS THE HISTORY OF RELIGION, HIS ATTEMPTS TO KNOW, TO SERVE, AND TO LOVE HIS GOD”
THERE HAS BEEN NO ENTIRELY NEW RELIGION FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD

Accompaniment to
RIVERS OF LIFE OR FAITHS OF MAN IN ALL LANDS . EXPLANATION OF COLOURS.
BY TREE GREEN SUN PINK

MAJOR GENERAL FORLONG, F.R.G.S. F.R.S.E. M.A.I. &c. &c. PHALLIC


SERPENT
YELLOW
GREY
ANCESTOR
THEISM
SEPIA
RED
FIRE CARMINE BIBLES BLUE

YEARS PRINCIPAL CHARACTERS, CITIES, AND LEADING RELIGIOUS PRINCIPAL MATTERS IN BIBLES, THEOLOGICAL WORKS, DOGMAS, MISSIONS, YEARS
B.C. EVENTS, HISTORICAL AND MYTHICAL.
OBJECTS OF WORSHIP, DEITIES, INCARNATIONS, AND FAITH STREAMS LANUGAGES, &c. B.C.
10,000 10,000

Flourishing Communities and Remains of Man (Dates and Data, p. 4 to 27). Fetish-like objects, with fossil man, long anterior to this (Dates and Data.)

9300 ZOROASTER’S Birth, says Plato, after a Flood which buried the great Island of Atlantis Beginning of reigns of 350 Babylonian kings, which Sargon's tablet of 700 B.C. says preceded him.
and its Cities.
Legendary Rise of SHEMITES or Sun-Worshippers, not the “Semetics” of Philology. 9085 Kings of Egypt traced back to this by Bunsen.
9000 9000
8570 Annals of SAIS go back to this (Dates and Data).
[Koothites or Cuthites thought to have preceded Shemites, 12,000 B.C., driven by a cyclical change WORSHIP OF FETISHES & CHARMS EVERYWHERE
and deluge from North.—Egyptians claim 14,000 to Hephestus, and 10,000 from Menes to
Sethon. The DESATIR OF MEHABIAN (Zoroastrian sect) say that a cyclical deluge took place every 10,000
t o 12 , 0 0 0 y e a r s . E g y p t c l a i m s 13 , 0 0 0 B . C . s a y s H e r o d o t u s , w h o w a s s h o w n
effigies of Priests going back 34 3 generations from Sethos, Priest of Vulcan, 713 B.C.] TREE WORSHIP DATA TOWARDS CALCULATING THE AGE OF THE WORLD, FROM NATURAL PHENOMENA, &c.
8300 Priests of SAIS give this as date of Memphic Kings (Plato).. LINGAM & YONI SERPENT Accumulation of Sand and Mud, Memphis (Lyell), . . . . . . Years required, 14,000
A Complete Revolution of Zodiac, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 25,810
8150 Human remains in Coral, Florida (Professor Agassis).
Aryans mostly residing in a common Fatherland, called in Zend ARYANA-VAEDJO, in or Age of Egyptian Zodiac, calculated by position of signs, .
,, ,, with Capricorn in zenith, . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
. ,, ,,
,, ,,
15,000
13,083
Sanskrit UTURU-KURU, or table-land of Pamir (Upa-Meru).. ,, Indian ,, ,, Virgo ,, . . . . . . ,, ,, 22,575
8000 28,000 8000
PHALLIC FAITHS
,, Pottery under Second Cypress Forest, New Orleans, . . . . . ,, ,,
Highlands of Northern Hemisphere becoming habitable. ,, Human Bones under Fourth do.. do.,. . . . . . ,, ,, 57,600
,, Upper Stalagmite Floor of Kent Cavern, . . . . . . ,, ,, 720,000
Cutting back of Niagara Rock, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 37,000
7500 Burnt Brick and Pottery at Memphis (Dates and Data). Cutting back of such channels as Great Canyon of the Colerado of California, 500 miles long, with
vertical side from 1000 to 5000 feet high, . . . . . . } ,, ,, Millions.

7300 Date of INDIAN ZODIAC (Dupuis). To beginning of Glacia Period (J. Croll), . . . . . . . ,, ,, 240,000
WORSHIP OF FERTILITY For the continuance of do., . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 80,000
Do. do. (Lyell), . . . . . . . ,, ,, 200,000
EGYPT a lax confederation of provinces (Bunsen). Some say MANETHO I., King of Egyptians gave Herodotus a List of 330 Kings going back . . . . . ,, ,, 17,000
Progression of Perihelion (Phillips, 979),. . . . . . . ,, ,, 20,937
7000 Egypt, and ALORUS I., King of Kaldia lived. ASHER and ISTAR Revolution of Poles, . . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 2,700,000 7000
Probable RHEMATIC Age, when a language existed, out of which came Turanian, Aryan, Growth of Coral Reefs of Florida, . . . . . . . . ,, ,, 135,000
,, Tenth Cypress Forest, New Orleans, . . . . . . ,, ,, 158,400
and Shemtic tongues.
FIRE ISWAR & ISA Earth's Cycle of Eccentricity of Orbit round Sun, . . .
If Aryans of Bacria saw Southern Cross in latitude 40°, them .
.
.
.
.
.
.
,, ,,
. ,, ,,
515,610
30,000
6521 Date of Egyptian Zodiac of Esne, says Drummond, but others 6450 and 4639.
. MAHA- DEVA “ The Earth’s past hisotry extends over hundreds of thousands, perhaps millions of years.” (STRACHEY, Brit. Assoc.)
For the Geological History of Earth. (J. CROLL, “Climate and Time.”) . . . . ,, ,, 100,000,000
IZDOOBAR.
SIVA & SIVI
6200 The Zodiacal Year beginning Aquarius (Mill. of Facts).
AM ON
SUN
Age of flint implements (Dates and Data).

6000
Social Organization of Iberians, &c. (Strabo). CREATIVE VIGOR
OSIR & ISHA 6000
5800 CREATION, according to MANETHO. 5688 CREATION (Josephus). Beginning of most ancient kings, as Alorus of Kaldia, taking Berosus’ 318 kings at an average of 24 years from Sargon of Asyria.
5641 MENES I. reigned in Egypt (M. Dufeu); Abydos or Abu-this his capital. HELIOS WARMTH CREATION, “several thousand years before Moses,” says Pliny. 5872, according to Septuagint (Mill. of Facts); but 5900,
5600 Perihelion crossed Equator N. to S. (Phillips.) OSIRIS & ISIS says Syncellus.
5550 Date of SYENE well being under the Tropic.
WHEEL ASH HESIRI MENAPIS 5700 The so-called FLOOD of Berosus, at the close of the reign of his 10 early kings.
5509 CREATION ERA fixed by Ecunemical Council of Constantinople in 381 A.C. 5508 Third month and twenty-fifth day is the very exact date of CREATION given by Julius Africanus, the Greek Churches and
5493 Abysinian and Alexandrian Era of Creation. (Com. Alex, 362 A.C.) OF LIFE AISH FIRE of GOD ALA & ALITA many early Fathers, and called the ERA OF CONSTANTINOPLE. Many say that at 9 A.M. marked “the fall
5344 CREATION, say Hales, Poole, and Talmud. 5390 Era adopted by Sept. Translators. of Adam,” and 1 P.M, the promise of Christ.
5150 Babylonian Historical Era—a Tablet of 2280. (Sir H. Rawlinson, following Berossus.) ALPHA OMEGA 5369 History carried up to this by Indians whom Alexander met.
Probable rise of MANETHO’s Egyptian Kings (Mariette Bey.) THINIS Capital of Egypt.
BELUS ESH FIRE of the SUN 5040
5000 AL & OM Beginning of Native Kings of Egypt (Diod. Sic.)
5000
4862 Foundation of Great PYRAMID. (M. Dufeu.) Some ARYANS probably moving south to India and Western Asia.
4790 .Supposed age of the existing great cypress tree of Oaxaca, Mexico (Lyell). [3 cycles begin. MENVES AGNI AR or RA & ATHOR ALORUS, the Civilising Chief of Central Asia; from him possibly the Jewish ADAM. Josephus says he was 4053 years before
4750 IS, Egyptian Capital of Second Dynasty. 4714 Era from which Julian period is reckoned. the Exodus, but his figures taken in detail give 5759 B.C. as CREATION.
4658 CREATION, say Samaritans. 4682 Spring Equinoctial colure enters Taurus. [Meydoon. BEL BAL BA - AL MITRA & MYLITA N.B.—The names given in the body to these PRIME ROOTS or BASES of faiths are not here placed chronologically. This
4450 Memphis, Capital of 3d Dynasty. Union of Upper and Lower Kingdoms. 1st Pyramid-. occurs lower down, as history permits us to trace these ROOTS. This horizontal band, here dividing the downward
4347 Egyptian Fourth Dynasty begins. A TETI succeeds MENES. Great Development of Art. THE SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS streams, represents a break in the continuity of the streams, and places the objects standing at the head of the streams in a far
4235
HEPHESTUS I., King of Egypt. (Diog. Laertius, Phillips.) IL or EL ELOHIM remote and unknown period, with names that gradually developed in all lands and amongst all peoples.
4235
Memphis, Capital of Fourth Dynasty. King CEPHRENE builds Twelfth Gizeh Pyramid.
Stepped Pyramid of Sakara completed. Pestilence and many supernatural events (Manetho).
MITRA TEMPLE OF OSIRIS at Abu-this, from which came the “table of Abydos” and Oracular Temple to Ptah, “the Revealer” and
4004 CREATION, say Usher and Vulgate. Bovine Worship exists. SOURCE of ALL ADÃM & ADÃMA Fecundator, Memphis. Medical Works and a regular Ritual for the Dead in Egypt.
4000 4000
3950 IS, Capital of Fifth Dynasty. ADMI EVA Pelusium and Isthmus drying.
Northern Hemisphere dry. (Phillips.) FERTILITY CREATIVE HEAT
3890 MEMPHIS said by some to be founded by MENES. (Osburn.) EGYPTIAN A & N The year 4714 is 1st year of Solar Cycle, or the BEGINNING OF REIGN OF MENES OF EGYPT.
3870 SETH’S birth. Elephantine or Sixth Egyptian Dynasty. DOMINICAL letter; of the Meteoric or Moon Cycle, Maritte-Bey says . . . . 5004
3712 HEPHESTUS I., King of Egypt. (Dikæarchus, Phillips.) SACRED the GOLDEN number; and the Cycle of Indication or Brugsch ,, . . . . 4455
Roman taxation period, lasting 15 years. These three Lepsius ,, . . . . 3896
3690 Fifth Dynasty and use of IRON in Egypt. (Col. Vyse).
ETHIOPIANS ruling world—great in Religion and Art, especially in Egypt. TAURUS - APIS RITUAL NER, NAR, NIN
cannot again occur together till 3266 a.c. Bunsen ,, . . . . 3623
3500 3500
3400 Some writers place this as age of Great Pyramid.
Memphis, a Capital of Seventh Dynasty. AGNUS-DEI 3369 Date of the Chinese Patriarch TAE-HAOU, “the Resplendent One,” “Adam, or Great Male.”
BET ELS SERPENS
3426 FLOOD of Septuagint. (Phillips.) IS, a Capital of Eighth Dynasty, 3043. Worship of Mountains, Rivers, Wells, and Caves.
HEPHAISTUS or the
3400 Some Writers here put Foundation of Egyptian Monrachy.
or FORM or ABODE The sum of all MANETHONIAN DYNASTIES shows a
difference of 364 years, varying from 4655 to 5049. There were
In Egypt Phthah, or Vulcan, or Hephestus. Fire-Worship. (Mill. of Facts). ILIOUN 26 dynasties of 172 years each. Christian O.T. CHRONOLOGY
OF EL
Egyptians call themselves RUT-TUMMU, “the Race of Men,” par excellence. ANCESTOR WORSHIP varies as much as 2115 years.
3300 SERAPHIM 3300
Probable period of Wars of SOORAS and ASOORAS, India.
3290 Herakleopolis Capital of Ninth Dynasty.
ILUS SCORPIO
3258 DELUGE. (Syncellus and Julius Africanus.)
MOUNTAIN WORSHIP EVERYWHERE GENERATIVE WILL
ASSYRIAN
Jemsheed (Bailly); if so Persepolis invents cycle of 1440 years. PASSION Jewish Flood, say Hales, Jackson, &c.
3200 SACRED 3200
HELIOS AND OURANOS WORSHIP. An Inscription in Soosiana by Koothites. (Baldwin.) TABLET
3180 KRONOS, a predecessor of early Menes, King of Egypt. (Mill. of Facts.) HINDOOS had determined mean motions of Saturn and Jupiter (Mill. of Facts.)3100
3179 IS, a Capital of Tenth Dynasty.
FERTILE FORCE PYTHON
3160 DAGON invents Plough. Sothic Cycle.
3146 Flood. (Josephus.) OSIRIS—TATUS or TOTH.
ANIMAL WORSHIP EVERYWHERE Krishna, King of Dwaraka in Goozerat, said to have died. (William’s Indian Epics.)3100

3130 Planets named—Hieroglyphs—Priests—Arts. Jupiter, Son of KRONOS, reigns in Crete,


and his brother BELUS in Babylon. CREATIVE FORCE ARYANS in Southern India. (Strange’s Legends of Old Testament.)3000
3101 HINDOO ERA of Kaliyoog begins—Hephestus or Fire. Egypt.
3100 3100
The Southern Cross hid to Northern Europe. OURANUS TYPHON
Hindoo Tables, very accurate and ancient. (Strange.) & Greeks give Leaders of the Wars of Gods and Titans
mostly thus:—
3064 Egyptian Pictures of Asiatics and Negroes. Ben-Hasan’s tomb built.
GE Kronos (Sun). Astarte and Family, wife of

BABYLON built. (Philo Byblius.) Egyptian Dynasty of D. Siculus begins.


HOA or HEA ARYANS crossing Indus. (J. Fergusson.)
His Son, Jupiter.
,, Apollo.
Kronos and mother of
Titans (Darkness).
3000 His Nephew, Neptune. Pontus the Titan. 3000
Time of AUTEFAA, King of Egypt, who, along with dogs, appears on Tomb of 10th or 11th 2990 Giants or Nephelim, says Old Testament. Half-brother, Mars. Belus of Babylon.
Some say Wars of PANDOOS and KOOROOS in Upper India. Son of Mars, Hercules. Typhon or Winder
century B.C. Probable time of Zoroaster (Bunsen). Brother, Osiris. Son of Kronos.
2950 NOAH’S birth. (Usher.) Tot or Ta-autus.
2998 FLOOD (Samaritan Bible.) 2994, THEBES, a Capital of Eleventh Dynasty. WARS OF JOVEVITES & TITANITES OF SOLAR AND LUNAR WORSHIPPERS Rama, the Sun chief, worships the Lingam. (Wheeler’s Hist. of India, ii. 353.)
Typhon generally shown as victorious, driving Gods out
2950 First Chinese Emperor FOHEE. Established worship at Tombs and in Temples, and TITANS or Aleti, probably study husbandmen. (Phillips.) of Egypt and killing Osiris.
himself as God’s Vicegerent Serpent-worshipping races ruling over most of world.
About this time, say some, Kronos divided Europe and Western Asia between The Greeks gave to
Empire of OURANOS and GE. (Phillips.) Iron in China. PANDOOS & KOOROOS Astarte . . . . Phenicia and Syria.
LINGAITES & YONITES his children. He founded Etruria. Belus . . . . Mesopotamia and Kaldia.
2900 Dodus, the Dodonian Jove Crete. 2900
Athene . . . . Atika.
2872 Zodiacal Year beginning with Aquarius. Mars . . . . Thrace.

2850 War of Titans, or Gods and Men, Lingamites and Yonites.


Dagon, or Ahsi-Eretz, or
OSIRIS . . . }
Lower Egypt.

2834 Jewish Writers say “Sons of God marry Daughters of Men.” 2850 CHINESE Worship of TORTOISE. Toth or Ta-autus . . Upper Egypt
Poseidon or Neptune . Barytus.
Kaldians call ANAT, Queen of Heaven, Mâya; Belat, wife of Bel, Mother
2830 Eclipses recorded in CHINA—KRONOS and JUPITER versus ASTARTE and TYPHON
NAGA or SERPENT
and BELUS.
BAITULIA of the Gods, and ISHTAR, the eldest Daughter of Heaven The above signififies Faiths and Races, Light and
Darkness, Summer and Winter, Osiris and Nox.
and Earth, Passion and Love. Kaldia has two accounts of
BELUS accused of scaling Heaven. ATLAS, Son of Ouranos and Ge.
or ATMÁN or SPIRIT OF LIFE Creation.
2800 SUN-STONES 2800
2782 Kaldians teach that from TAUTHE (male) and APASON (female)—the two great principles of nature—proceeded gods and men.
MENES begins to reign. (Phillips, agreeing with Champollion.) everywhere
2750 A Menes, say many writers. Obelisk at ON. KRONUS They produce Moymis, “the only-begotten Son,” but who has no progeny. Chaos is presided over by Ti-saiat and
common. Ti-amut, the SEA—a female power called Thalat-th by Berosus. Elu is father of the gods whom Zu, a wintry god,
Egypt’s Twelfth Dynasty ruling at IS.—OSIRTASEN say some. insults. Fabled Oanes. The Dragon of the Sea is called Karkar-Tiamat, Karkar being a sea-coast city.
2722 CHINESE Cycle.
THE DODONIAN (Though a writer’s name is often shown after a statement, it is
not to be assumed that he made such dogmatically or without
PYRAMIDS, say some writers.. reserve.)
2700 2700
Egyptian Labyrinth
DYAUS DYUSKY
HWANGTI, Emperor of China, said to be first historical. THE TWELVE GREAT GODS OF
2650 Rise of Thirteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Capital ABYDOS, some say IS. 2605 ABRAM’S birth, according to Samartian Bible and the Septuagint (Phillips.)

2640 CHINESE Cycle and Zodiac fixed. KALDIA EVERYWHERE IN ONE FORM or ANOTHER
ADAM is worshipped. (Gregorie.)
ARYANS rising over TURANIANS, probably Cuthites or Aithiopians. THE INDRA SKY, BRIGHTNESS
2600 2600
2576 ABRAM. (Josephus, from Mill. of Facts.).
SELF-EXISTENT
2554 Nimrod is Belus, says Hales, and probably Asher, the Lingam.
AFGHANS, known as the KOFES on Kooba River, Zohoks or Doozok’s Country.
VAROON or WATERS
ANAT BELTIS ISHTÁR NÃTS or SPIRITS Kaldians call the angels of heaven IGEGE, and earthly angels ANUN-Naki. They say earth is peopled with genii, of which Sedu,
CHINA, an Empire with Animal Worship. Babylonian authentic history beings. Following
ABOVE AND ON EARTH Gallu, &c., are prominent.)
great cities known with a complete Theogony and Thelogy: UR or EREK, Akad,
Kootha, Kalneh, Larsa, Borsipa, Babel, Nipoor, Sipara, Kisu, Asher, Nineveh, Eridu,
SANSKRIT ARYANS to INDIA. INDRA is Soora-Pater, or Theön-hupatos—Sun, Father, or Ruler of Gods.
Resen, Kala, Reho-Bothair, Gangana, Harish-Kalama, Amarda, &c.
HOMA SOMA
2500 2500
Kaldians call Sin, the Moon God of Ur, Brightness; Merodak of Babylon, Prince of Gods—Lord of Briths; Shamas of Larsa
2460 Some SKYTHIC Races expel Kooths, probably other Skooths, from Babylon. INDRA
KNEF PHTA MITHRA-SUN and Sipara, Judge of Heaven and Earth ; Nirgal of Kootha, God of War ; Ninip of Nippor, Destroyer of the Wicked.
PHRE VRITRA is the Rainccloud and then Darkness. Serpent Worship all over Kabool Valley. Birth of Zohak, Serpent King.
2450 Birth of SHEM, says Usher. Elamites overrun Babylon. (Geo. Smith.) AMON Period of Rishis, as Manoo (not the lawgiver), Brigoo, Angeras, Atarvan, &c., “Gods” and “Friends of God,” and “Sons of God.”
or AGNI ATMAN ATMOS or ATMOSPHERE Indra overcomes the Rakshasas, as does a later Jove the TITANS.
2440 Egypt’s Dynasty of Elephantites rise. Worship of Elephas. or KEM “The Key-note of all Religions” now struck. (Müller’s A.S. Lit., 538.) Date of RIG-VEDA. (Haug.)
HAMON THE HOLY SPIRIT OR BREATH
Dravidian Indians, probably pushed south by Aryans, drive out aboriginal tribes. Both Dravidians and Central Indians
EGYPT and PHENICIA mentioned in ancient histories. HEAVEN called SWERGA supposed to be of Central Asian extraction, but of a very remote date.
2400 2400
The Two King SOOPHI reigning in Egypt.
2367 Chinese Astronomers. YAHO, Emperor. A free written language and metal coinage.
ANOO
The Trinity of Kaldia is Anoo, Bel, and Hea—Sky, Sun, and Fire—Water. [There is now springing up east and west a BELIEF IN ONE
G OD , I MMORTALITY , R EVELATIONS from God, M E -
2348 FLOOD of Ogyges. ASHER founds Asyria. KNEF is a Universal Creator. (Eusebius.)
TEMPSYCHOSIS, and PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY to God.
Do. Genesis. (Usher and Vulgate.) MAYA, Primeval Mother, same as Anat, Beltis, or Ishtar. It is taught that God hates sin and loves righteousness, and
Chinese Annals of the Tortiose said to be 1000 years old.—Cuniform writing. that self-denial, ascetiicism, and sacrifice please him.
CHINA has a Board of Astronomers under Emperor YAO. Emperor YAO receives a Long-robed People from South. Some say future bliss is final ABSORPTION INTO HIS
THEBES built by King OSMANOYAS. Pharoahs in Memphis (Josephus.) KALDIAN Phallic Faith SPIRIT, or acceptance by him.]

2300 2300
KUDUR NANHUNDI King. Elam ravages Erek—takes Gods.
2286 Jacob goes to Egypt. Fourteenth Dynasty. XIOS Capital of HYKSOS kings. BEL - SUN ASHER ORMAZD SUN and PHALLIC Worship everywhere.
2280 Asyrian Historical Era. Date of a Table stating Babylon to have been conquered by Medes RIGVEDA.—Merchant Ships of a hundred oars crowd the Eastern seas.
(Kuths?) NEITH APIS REMBA AUM Rise of AVATARS or Incarnations of God. 2259 Prayers for Dead in Egypt. (Bunsen.) The DEVAS or Gods of
the Vedas
2250 BABYLON flourishes.* Tower of BABEL. Izdubar or Nimrod restores Kaldian Kingdom. A Hell for eternal punishment unknown. (Sanskrit Texts, v. 302.) The Creator cures and accepts
2234 Astronomical Observations for 1903 years—KALISTHENES to ALEXANDER. [(Smith)
AMON NEU OR NUMIS, THE RAMHEADED his children and is their friend. PUT a place of punishment.
SOORYA Sun.
NINEVEH built by ASHER.
OM Berosus puts ZOROASTER here.
SOMA Moon.

From AMON-OUPHIS springs FIRE or PHTA, with a descendant HORUS.


DAGON CHNOPHIS PÁVANA or BÁVANA Aryans again descending on India.
AGNI
VACH
Fire.
Speech.
2200 AMON MOUT CHONS ZOROASTER USIIAS Dawn.
MAROOTS Storm. 2200
An Egyptian Inscription of time of SESOURTESEN III. SHEMITES of Arabia moving North-East and West. PRITHVI Earth.
ST
2188 City of MEMPHIS. NINUS, King of Nineveh. THE MÀTCH or FISH 1 AVATÁR The SOLARITES in Mesopotamia trying to destroy DRAGONITES.
VAYOO Wind.
Egyptian PYRAMIDS by Kings SOOFIS and JOOESOOFIS. SAN or ZOAN, Capital of THEMI AP or AB Water.
Fifteenth Dynasty. Great inroads of Arabian Shemites.
SIVAIK RA HAKE or Diospolites rise. (Usher.) Also Herakleopolites of Fourth and Fifth Egyptian Dynasties. NADY Stream,
2134 .BABYLON begins Astronomical Tables, which extend to 331 B.C. SATURN PHRE worshipped in Egypt, as RA the Rising and ATMOU the Setting Sun. VRITRA Darkness.
AHI Clouds.
2124 ,, conquered by BELUS, Son of NINUS. Koothites settling in Ireland. NISROCH ASHTAROTH YÁMA YIMA 13th October 2127, the Chinese record an Eclipse. ASVINS The Twins.
HERAKLES and DIONYSUS conquer India, says Metasthenes. NEBO DYAUS and PRITHVI—Heaven and Earth—OURANOS and GAIA, Parents of the Gods. PURJUNYA Rain.
BACCHUS and OSIRIS wear tiger-skins and have their cars drawn by tigers. TVASHRTI or VULCAN SIKYONIA established. The cow Timou worshipped as Venus.
2100 Kingdoms of Subartu and Martu (in Syria). Gutim or Goim mentioned.
BAAL-ZEBUB ATHYR or VENUS ARYANS call Indians Dasyus.
2100
2080 Egypt’s Dynasties of Xoites and Shepherd Kings prominent.—Memphite Dyn. falls TMOU THE SACRED COW BRÀHM A SOLAR GOD Egypt teaches of a Hell or Hades—Amentes. This or ealier, probable age of Babylonian Flood legends as read on tablets.
Chinese Creed becomes Monotheistic. (Rev. C. Gutzlaff.) [Geo. Smith.
2059 NINUS takes Babylon. Asyrian Empire. FIRST PYRAMID.
HERAKLES perished in Spain. (Sallust.)—TAAUTANUS writes Ten Books of Religious Laws.
AMENTES or HADES BRAHMA VISHNOO GREEKS say Dionysus now conquers Ethiopia and India, going by water.
ARYANS abounding all over Northern India. Sami-Rãmeses of India, the possible SEMIRAMIS of Asia Minor.
2017 Queen SEMIRAMIS, wife of Ninus, invades India. (Sir R. Phillips and others.) Her army
said to be two millions strong.—Probable time of ZOROASTER. (Haug.)
RUDRA or SIVA SIVA is Egyptian Khem, his symbol the Lingam. Anoo of Babylon has a Sacred Grove and TREE OF LIFE.
NEBO RIMMON AGNI ,, Phta. Kaldia speaks of a god NER who dwells in Hades.
Sankuniathon, the Historian. (Manetho.) ABRAM. (Vulgate.) UREK, a King of Kaldia, NINUP BRAHMA ,, Knef. ARYANS move down from Panjab among Central Indian and Dravidian Races of South India. Sumir
capital Ur, and which remained so to 1850. Very many tablets relate events beyond and Akad form one Babylonian empire. Babylonian Bel is also called Elu, who has as Sakti (Queen) Ishtar. She is also
this period. Southern Kaldia called SUMIR. NEPTE called wife of Dumuzi or Tamuz (Sun) King of Erek. (Geo. Smith.)
2000 2000
WATER
TYRE celebrated for its dyes. (Phillips.) FIRE EARTH
VISVA-DEVAS, certain Gods or Genii.
OSIRIS as Judge of Dead is shown as PLUTO or HADES or the SHADES—Winter. KOORMA or TURTLE SECOND AVATÁR
1913 KEDERLAOMER, King of ELAM, according to Jews, but unknown to Tablets. BELUS URANIA ADONIS All ARYANS worshipping their Ancestors, and offering sacrifices, food, and oblations at their shrines or graves.
Knef, Neith, and Snake-worship at Esne.
EGYPT conquers Asyria and holds to 14th century.
VENUS NEITH Do. burning the dead and putting ashes in urns. Sacred wood used for the pyres; black cows and goats are sacrificed.

1900 Tuoth-de-Danaans settle in Ireland. (Keane and others.) HEAVEN EARTH LOVE VIAKUNTA A HEAVEN of VISHNOO HASTINAPOOR, capital of a powerful ARYAN Kingdom. (Upham.)
1900
ABRAM circumcised. (Usher.) Rise of Phenicians. SAKTIS or Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed. (Usher.) Babylonian Festival of SAKEA, in which masters serve their servants.
1856 ARGOS built by Inakus. ASYRIAN MYLITA. ARABIAN ALITA.
ISMA-DAGON, First King of Asyria, 1850-1820. (Tablets.)
MYLITA MITRA ALITTA CONSORTS OF GODS Egyptians say the dead go to AMENTI, where OSIRIS now presides.
1822 MEMNON of Egypt invents Letters. Karak, capital of Kaldia. DAGON BUBASTIS VARÁHA
EGYPT—First King of Fifth Theban Dynasty—history becomes accurate. or VISHOO and SIVA both worship the Lingam and Yoni. Anoo and Anat, Bel and Beltis, everywhere prominent.
or FISH
DA

SAMSI VOOL I., Asyria, 1820-1800. Builds temple at Asher to Anoo and Vool. THIRD AVATÁR
BOAR
VE

JEWISH EXODUS. (Josephus.) King TOTHMOSIS. ABRAM (Usher); but no such OSIRIS ISIS, HORUS, VEDIC or KANDAS Era ends. MANTRA Era begins, with Moral, Social, and Ecclesiastical Laws.
name found in Talbets till 677 B.C. (Smith).
1800 SAMSI VOOL II., Asyria. Kuthites or Aithiopians moving everywhere. or ORUS (II.) YAGUR-VEDA—Hymns for Sacrifices. The SAMA-VEDA (III.)
1800
1796 OGYGES, King of Atika. VEDAS in their present form, according to Prof. Whitney.
1778 EXODUS. (Mill. of Facts.) AYOODYA, a great city. Probable time of Ramâyana scenes, also of wars at Hastinapoor, mentioned in Mahâbhârâta.
1768 Flood of Ogyges of Atika. ATARVA-VEDA—for Bishops—also for Prayers and Sacrifices.
ILU-BA, King of Asyria (Tablets) builds a “House of Salvation.”
Great Festivals at Winter Solstice common, Parents Worshipped by Children; all Superiors by Inferiors; cattle and tools
1740 Egyptian Tombs with Doric Pillars. Beni-hassan. Egypt shuts up all her land.
adorned and honoured.
THOTHMES, King of Egypt. Abysinians from Sind. THEBES and KARNAK.
End of Hyksos—Seventeenth Dynasty. NÁRASIMVA the FOURTH AVATÁR Great Festivals at Vernal Solstice common. Devoted to rejoicings and lasciviousness.
ZOROSTRIANS settling in IRAN. AITHIOPIANS pressing hard on lower Egypt. RIVERS are adored as Gods, and people go to be purified by bathing in or being sprinkled by their waters. They are female,

1700
BEL-KAP-KAPU, King of Asyria. Larsa becomes capital of Babylonia. HALF MAN and HALF LION and denote fertility.
1700
Temple at Edfou to APOLLO. Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty. Amen-Ophis or Ahmes. Babylonian inscriptions now become much bolder and clearer.
Pelasgi worship DOHEUS, VULCAN, &c.
NYSA or NUSA IS HEAVEN THE LINGA in ARGA REMBA is the Venus of INDRA’S Heaven, same as ISIS, [Note.—For Julian Year add or
ADASI or BEL-BANI, King of Asyria. ASTARTE ISHTÁR or SRI-LINGA D SKANDA is the God of War. PAVANA is Pan. subtract 4174 from Christian.
1640 A BELUS ruling over Babylon MAHA-DEVA ZEN TA KOOVERA, Wealth. A.U.C., or Year of Rome, is
753 B.C. First Olympiad was
ASHÉRA ASTORETH S
KABOORA is in Egypt ANUBIS, and in Greece KERBEROS. AVE MEROO is the Hill of God—Heaven. Sargon found in a cradle of bulrushes on Euphrates. 776 B.C., and one occurs every four
SIVA, commonly called ISWARA or ESWARA, the Supreme God, same as OSIRIS. years.]
1634 CHINA—Reign of TOIWOO. Seventy-six Kingdoms send Embassy. JANUS SABAOTH LINGAM HOMA, called Painless Tree of Life and Knowledge.
KERKOPS founds ATHENS. Minos’ Laws. SARGINA or SARGON, King of Akad.
1600 JUPITER AM-ON ESWÁRA AND ISA Akadian ceases to be a spoken language in Babylonia: Records being translated into Shemitic. (Sayce.)
1600
1574 – 1622 THOTHMES III. (Brugsch.) Babylon ruled from this till 1300 by foreigners, usually called Arabs, and Kings of Sumir and Akad, or Lower and Upper Baby-
Zoroastrianism called Magianism in Persia. Date of Arundel Tables. HERA AGATHODEMON KAILÁSA the HINDOO lonia. Capitals still Ur, Karak, Larsa, and Akad. Only in this century is Shemitic language in use. (Sayce.)
1550 ISHMA-EL, son of Abuha, is name of a witness in Babylon. (Geo. Smith.)
TYRE built. TATARY has Arts and Commerical Laws.
IO- DIONYSUS HEAVEN The ZENDAVASTA, containing the YASNA, VESPERED, VINDIDAD. Zohok or Dozook of Kabool Valley mentioned.
IRIHA VOOL or ASHER-NADIN-AHI, King of Asyria. Hamurabi conquers Babylon and holds JUNO
1532 ARES and POSEIDON reign in Greece. (Parian Chron.) [for 250 years. ADONIS THEBES and MEMPHIS not mentioned in Zendavesta ; neither Persis nor Persians.
1529 ARYANS all over Persia. FLOOD of Deukalion. Stories of Moses.
MILKOM
TOTH or MERCURY Egypt uses the civil year of 365 days, called Tho-this, or Dog-star.
1510 AMOON-MAI RAMESES—HELLEN King of Greece, meaning rule of Solarites. MOLEK or ASMODEUS
CADMUS builds THEBES and gives letters. SESOSTRIS or TOTHMES. Abydos Tablet shows offerings made to ancestors.
1500 ASHER NIRARI I, or ABU-DAN, King of Asyria. MELKARTH RA or RAM of Z. AVESTA AESH is MADEVA
1480 Danaus at ARGOS. Merepthah, King of Egypt. MOSES. Nineteenth Dynasty, Egypt.
1500
Hebrews said to leave Egypt. Hellenes of Greece believe in One Universal Deity. (Pritchard, Egyptian Mythology, 36.)
1460 RAMESES’ Conquests. Oracle of THEMIS. EDUTH (“Testimony”), symbol of Deity in JAVHEH, EDUTH or THE “TESTIMONY”
1450 UTICA and CADIZ built by Phenicians. IS, Capital of Egypt. [Jewish Ark. 1434 Death of 24th Jain Tirtankâra. Vindidad says ARYAN King Jamshed built his city in a land of six months light and six
DORIANS. ASHER-BEL-NISISU, King of Asyria, 1450-1430. ALEIM or a SYMBOL of months darkness. Deu-kal-ion called father of Greek Hellenes.
1430 AMENOPHIS II., King of Egypt. ELOHIM YAHVEH
1426 JARASANDA, King of Magada. AYOODYA of Rama destroyed. WAMÁNA FIFTH AVATÁR UPANISHADS. Some writers place VEDAS in their present form as low as this.
BUZUR-ASHER, King of Asyria, 1420-1400. the CERES, SIDI (THE DWARF) Pandoo and Kooroo War. (Cunningham.)
CERES to Greece. PERSIANS sacrifice to VENUS and URANIA.
SAHA-DEVA, King of Behar or Magada during War of Pandoos and Kooroos.
MALE & FEMALE VENUS, BACCHUS BRAHMÂNAS. THEBES and its Religions in full vigour from 1600 to 1100. (Gladstone.) 18th and 19th Dynasties.
1400 1400
ASHER-UBALID, King of Asyria, 1400-1370. DYAUS Some place Wars of PANDOOS and KOOROOS described in Mahâbhârata of 3d century.
KITA attacking Egypt. (Gladstone.)
1355 MARIS or MÈNOPHERES, King of Egypt. Rameses II., 1394-1328 or 1407-1341.
LOGOS OPS or RHEA An Egyptian poem likens a chief to the great Asyrian hunter Kazartu. (Smith.)
SKY Pandoo and Kooroo War. (Professor Wilson.)
SIDON, the flourishing capital of Phenicians. BEL-NIRARI, King of Aysria, 1370-1350. CHEMOSH [Note.—The same events, books, or persons, often
Ethiopia conquered by Egypt. BUDIL, King of Asyria, 1350-1330. CHIUN or KIUN. JEWISH EXODUS. MEREPTHAH, the Egyptian King. (Gladstone.) appear several times and at wide intervals,
which merely shows that some good reasons
1320 Lybians and Akaians attacking Egypt. (Gladstone.) Trojan War. VOOL NIRARI I., POOROOSHOO-RAM SIXTH AVATÁR Sanskrit ARYANS to EUROPE and Lunar to India. have been advanced by different authors. This
BABYLON now under Asyria. [1330 -1300. ZEUS VULCAN BRAHMANISIM proselytising East Coast of India. An oppressive Phallic faith.
is especially the case as to the Indian Epics,
HERAKLES. Temples to VULCAN. Medinel Abou of Egypt. Abram, the Flood, &c.]
SHALMANESER I., King of Asyria, 1300-1270, builds a palace. Nineveh. HERAKLES or HERCULES Mahâbhârata or Wars of Lunar ARYANS. ELEUSINIAN MYSTERIES at Athens.
1300 1300
1300 –1250. RAMESES II, according to many authors. SHADAI “THE SHEDDER” or the HINDOO INDRA Fervent worship of Asher all over Euphrates and Tigris Valleys. His temple is called “The Mountain of the World,” and is
Rama-ites putting down Dravidians. Dominance of Solar Faiths. enriched by Shalmaneser.
Oracle of APOLLO in Greece. Phenicians flourish. Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty. THE SAKOTH BENOTH
1260
THE TRINITY or TRIMOORTI Probable time of Conquest of Lanka or Ceylon by RAMA or SOLARITES.
THESEUS reigns in Athens. Pythian Games instituted. RO-T-AMENTI GANESA is now the God of Wisdom—the Eastern JANUS—a Male Sophia, son of Parvati, the Hindoo Isis.
TIGULTI-NINIP I., 1270-1240. Asyria conquers Egypt. Accurate Egyptian history. OSIRIS or
1234 Athens dedicated to Athene. ASER, or Egypt, Greece, and all Asia burning SACRED FIRE.
Lunar Zodiac—INDIA. HELEN carried to TROY. BEL-KUDUR-UZUR, 1240-1220. OSER
1218 TROJAN WAR. (Parian Chron.) Gladstone says 1285 to 1345. Ninip-bal Asher.
A-ESH OSIRIS, called Ro-t-amenti, Judge of Dead and Hell; the Greek Radamanthus.
SHANG Dynasty destroyed—King of China to Korea. SETHOS I. of Egypt. ADAM RAMA the SEVENTH AVATÁR RAMAYANA Epic. Vindidad anterior to this. (Haug.)
1200 1200
1300 1300
1300 –1250. RAMESES II, according to many authors. Fervent worship of Asher all over Euphrates and Tigris Valleys. His temple is called “The Mountain of the World,” and is
Rama-ites putting down Dravidians. Dominance of Solar Faiths.
SHADAI “THE SHEDDER” or the HINDOO INDRA enriched by Shalmaneser.
Oracle of APOLLO in Greece. Phenicians flourish. Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty. THE SAKOTH BENOTH Probable time of Conquest of Lanka or Ceylon by RAMA or SOLARITES.
1260
THE TRINITY or TRIMOORTI
THESEUS reigns in Athens. Pythian Games instituted. RO-T-AMENTI GANESA is now the God of Wisdom—the Eastern JANUS—a Male Sophia, son of Parvati, the Hindoo Isis.
TIGULTI-NINIP I., 1270-1240. Asyria conquers Egypt. Accurate Egyptian history. OSIRIS or
1234 Athens dedicated to Athene. ASER, or Egypt, Greece, and all Asia burning SACRED FIRE.
Lunar Zodiac—INDIA. HELEN carried to TROY. BEL-KUDUR-UZUR, 1240-1220. OSER OSIRIS, called Ro-t-amenti, Judge of Dead and Hell; the Greek Radamanthus.
1218 TROJAN WAR. (Parian Chron.) Gladstone says 1285 to 1345. Ninip-bal Asher.
A-ESH
SHANG Dynasty destroyed—King of China to Korea. SETHOS I. of Egypt. ADAM RAMA the SEVENTH AVATÁR RAMAYANA Epic. Vindidad anterior to this. (Haug.)
1200 1200
Egypt building Temples and Monuments at Abydos.
ASHERDAN I., 1200-1170. Hittites attacking Asyria.
GAROODA, an Eagle-headed Deity—the Vehicle of Vishnoo.
1184 TROY captured. Similar War in every Aryan land. (Cox.)
SIDON fallen. (Gladstone). MUTAGIL-NUSKU, King of Asyria, 1170-1150. SET or SETH Egyptian THEBES still flourishing (Gladstone).
AYODYA, Capital in Oud.—“The Blessed.” ASHER-RISILIM, 1150-1120. Human Sacrifice everywhere. EOLIAN Colonies migrating. Temple of Anoo and Vool restored at Asher.
HINDOOS give Astronomical Calculations. King DAVID rising.
Worship of OAKS. Western ARYANS use only Oak to burn their dead.
1107 THSIN Dynasty begins in Shansi (China); ends 677 B.C. TIGLATH-PILESER I., 1120-1100.
CHINESE under King TCHEOU observe obliquity of Ecliptic. 1110 “The Long-Robed People” again send Embassy to China. Return of Heraklidæ.
1100 1100
Fo formed present Chinese Alphabet, and book of Y or Transformation. Abbott’s Theban Papyrus of 16th Year of RAMESES IX mentions King ANTEFAA and his dogs as on a tomb about 3000 B.C.
Kymri invade Asia. (Eusebius.) DEMETER
Chinese write Work on Trigonometry. Great grammarian Paout-she. SARASWATI THE HOLY RIVER or CONSORT OF BRAHMA Many Egyptians called after Nimrod. (Smith.)
1070 DELHI as INDRAPRESTA. KODRUS, King of Athens, dies. ASHERA CERES
Kingdom of Lacedemon. The NITA-SASTRAS, or Hindoo Works on Morals, &c.
SAMSI VOOL III., 1080-1060. YONI PYTHON DEVA-MATRI OR THE HEAVENLY MOTHER
SAMUEL, the Hebrew Judge and Priest. DAVID, King of Israel, according to Jews. SERPAIS, or the Sun of Taurus, now presides over AMENTI or HADES—Sanskrit Adhas.
1022 CHING Dynasty rules in Honan, and on to 477 B.C. ASHER-RUBER, King of Asyria. PRIAPUS KÂMA, LOVE
HESIOD, says Herodotus. Some IONIANS leave Greece for Asia Minor. EVE ATARKANDA of Ramâyâna possibly about this time.
HOMER. Solomon’s Temple finished. ASHER NIMATI, King of Asyria.
ADÁMA LAKSMI or SRI MAHABÁRATA, by Vyasa, speaks of NIHILISM. TUMULI with Urns of Ashes of Dead, first mentioned by HOMER.
1000 Asyrians carving the Sacred Tree Legends. AITHEROS PHANES-CHAOS
KRISHNA THE EIGHTH AVATÁR 1000
Persia mentioned for first time on Asyrian monuments. SERAPIS THE SOORYA-APIS No Jewish Records of this or a prior age, though David and Solomon are supposed to have existed.
ARYAN Language and People in Valleys of Indus and Ganges. RAMA. (Bentley.) Woods and Groves called Bâns and Up-bâns.
986 TAURUS KÁLIYA or NÁGA
SAMOS built. Some PSALMS of the HEBREWS. THE VERNAL HINDOOS colonising Pegu, and calling places after Râma.
CHINA—Emperor MOOWANG of Chen Dynasty, 1001, 946. Visits West. TYPHON or
Troica Poems ascribed to Homer. ASHERDAN, King of Asyria, 930-913. THAMMUZ BACCHUS
JAMSHID, King of Persia, married a Daughter of MOOWANG, Emperor of China. Wars with Serpent Races.
NAKA KALIYA, the Great Serpent, slain by KRISHNA, or a triumph of Solar Faith.
SPARTA has Laws by LYKURGUS.
PUT, the Hindoo Place of Tormet, from which the PUTRA, or Son, can alone release a parent.
VOOL NIRARI II., King of Asyria, 913-891.
Asyrian Empire tottering.
Samen Breach, a Keltic Chief, settles in Ireland (Samen = Sun). HEKATE HERCULES
900 900
City of Kalah rises to greater importance. CODE OF MANOO describes Hindoo Society of this century, and therefore held to have been written.
PHIDON, King of Argos, coins Money and gives Weights and Measures.
India has intercourse with Kathay or Western China. SANSKRIT Language waning. (Muir.)
886 CARTHAGE founded by DIDO. Phenecians. ASHERDAIN PAL rules Asyria.
AHSER NAZIR PAL, 885. SHALMANESER II., 860-825. HERMES ARTEMIS DIANA Poem of HARI-VANSA or Pedigree of KRISHNA. Jonah. Great Temple to Ishtar, Nineveh.
820 NINEVEH destroyed by Arbakes. King SARDANAPALUS. Greeks say the Good go to Elysian Fields of Bliss. Mecedonia a Kingdom. Damascus real Capital of Western Asyria.
Manoo says nothing of India south of Narbada. SAMSI VOOL IV., 825-812. THEMIS MINERVA NEITH Chinese King HWANSTENG. Stone Pillars carved at Dibou, now in Confucian Temple, Pekin ; their age between 827 and 782.
Praswanath, 23d Tirtankar of Jains.
KAPILA’S PHILOSOPHY. Bull and Wheel common Images. Lydia a Kingdom.
PUL, King of Asyria. [ramis”
IVALOOSH or VOOL NIRARI III., 812-783. His wife “Samaramat” thought to be “Semi- Temple to NINIP built at Kalah, and called BIT-SIDA after that at Borsipa.
800 800
783 SHALMANESER III. ASHERDAN III., 773-755. RHEA
765 15th June—Total Solar Eclipse—Nineveh. ROMULUS, 753 A.U.C. THE MONAD THE DUAD AND TRIAD
750 TEARKON, King of Ethiopia. ASHER NIRARI II., 755-745. ISAIAH writes.
IAO JAH Great Temple to MERODAK built at Nineveh. FIRST GREEK OLYMPIAD, 776.
TILGATH PILESER II, takes Damascus; reigns 745-727. SHALAMESER TO 722. HELIOS LIKENG
Babylonian Lunar Cycle of 1805 years and 712.
The Penates of Etruscans are a Trinity—Pales, Ceres, and Fortuna. (Servius.)
SENAKERIB, King of Asyria. SARGON, 722-705. Egyptian Sethos, Priest of Vulcan.
Katan, Founder of South Arabia. “Hittites” or Syrians captured.
Egyptians told Herodotus that 345 generations of men had existed between 713 B.C. and ZEUS HADES Moozazir, Capital of Ararat. Great God HALDI on high rocky hill ; his Goddess is Bag-masti.
first Egyptian King.
700 700
SENAKERIB makes great sacrifices to Hea on sea-coast. POSEIDON VESTA--FIRE BOODHA THE 9th AVATÁR Continued interchanging of tribes by Asyrian monarchs to destroy nationalities.
Olam-Fodla, Keltic King, settles in Ireland; re-establishes Taltine Games at Tara. Asyria possesses a great Imperial Library.
680 ESARHADON invades Judea; reigns 681-668, and marches to Thebes; annexes Egypt. PLUTO THE

TR
ESARHADON restores Babylon and great Temples, and returns all her Gods from Asyria.
670 SKYTHIANS moving South, West, and East, overrun all Asia Minor. Egyptian ports open.

IPI
JHAVH destroys Asyrian Army, say Jews. Indians say their RIGVEDA has 1028 Hymns, only readable by the priests.

B
664 Egyptian History very correct, begins with 26th Dynasty. ASHERBANIPAL, 673-626. SELENE, IO, TAO

TA
668 Date of an Asyrian Tablet going back to 1600 B.C. Sema Tsien’s History of China begins.

KA
PSAMETIKUS ruling Egypt ; restores Ancient Laws and Religion. Elam conquered.
IUNA

O
607 NINEVEH destroyed by Medes and Babylonians. ASHEREBILILI, last king. The First Fourteen BOOKS of Jewish OLD TESTAMENT. Media, Babylon, and Egypt uniting against Asyria.
603 PEGU—Monarchy. Nineveh IMPERIAL LIBRARY is now a debris of some 10,000 Tablets. PHEBE JAIN Preceptor, 24 Tirtankár. SYRIA all Phallic Worshippers. BOODHA’S birth, 623; death, 543.
JEREMIAH—NEBUKADNEZAR—TARQUIN I. of Rome.

O
Egypt adopts the Demotic or Enkorial Alphabet.
600 ATHENA 600
589 Solar Eclipse. 586 JERUSALEM—Temple destroyed. SOLON. BOODHA preaching at GYA. LAOTSEE born, 604. All Europe burning Sacred Fire. JOEL written (Dr. Oort).

D
LINGAM and LARES, with DIANA Worship at ROME.
585 ASYRIAN Cuniform Edicts. ARYANS going south of NARBADA. AJATASATROO builds PATNA.
Solar Eclipse of THALES. Earth, he says, is a sphere—636, 546.
573 Fall of Tyre. 568 Zedikia killed. Jews in Babylon. 560 Obelisk of Dura worshipped. 560 KANOJ, Capital of Brahmanism. TAO-TSE Bible promulgated. OOJEIN embraces Boodhism, and so do most Turanians.
538 CYRUS destroys BABYLON, makes Pesargadi his capital. AMASES, King of Egypt. IAW

H
551 CONFUCIUS born; died, 478: wrote “Spring and Autumn,” and a History embracing from 721 to 480.
528 EZRA.—CAMBYSES II., 529-522, conquers Egypt.—THEBES destroyed.

J
AJATASATRU, King of Magada, 35th. Boodhist Faiths spread West. 543 BOODHIST Sacred ERA: his death. TRIPITAKA compiled by 1st Council. SINHALA’S Son conquers Sinhala or Ceylon.
523 Cambyses stabs Apis; Phallic worshippers roused all over Western Asia; King killed. DARIUS I. carves Behistan inscription ; coins gold and silver. Magiphonia or slaughter of Magi of Ekbatâna.

A
PYTHAGORAS teaches Transmigation and Theism. DARIUS I., 521-486, King of Persia,

I
YASKA VEDAS written. Sanchi and Satdar Cahityas, 480. CONFUCIUS’ Lykeng.
500 Titanic Keltæ crossing Alps to Armorika. Belgæ on move west. 493 League of Thirty Latin 500
2d King Mahâvânsoo Dynasty rules Ceylon from Vigitapoora, near Damhool. No pre-Bood. inscriptions found in Ceylon (Gold-

I
490 HERODOTUS.—NEHEMIAH and Ezra. 2nd Temple of Jerusalem. ARISTIDES.

S M
[Cities.
478 Solar Eclipse, GREECE.—Walls of JERUSALEM rebuilt. XERXES, K. of Persia, 485-465. BELL & DRAGON Cuniform writing ceasing. 495 Athens dedicates a Temple to Mercury. 496 First Temple to Ceres at Rome. [schmidt.)
465 -25 ARTA-XERXES I. (Long.) King of Persia succeeds. Ezra says he went to Jerusalem in Cyrus.—Behistan Inscription. ANAXAGORAS teaches ONE GOD, 500-428. Marathon, 490.

N S
seventh year of Arta-Xerxes. Magada ceases to be an independent kingdom. GREEKS win Battles of Platea and Mykale, 22d September 479. CTESIAS writes of Persia and India in Ionic dialect.
450 Meton, Greek Astronomer.—PHIDIAS. Athenian fleet destroys Phenician.
TARQUIN II. puts SYBILLINE Books in Capitol. XERXES draws troops from India. (Herod.)
NUMA’S Religious Laws : no Idols allowed.—SOKRATES.—ANAXAGORAS. DELPHIC ORACLE
450 Ezra writes Old Test., which his followers continue doing to 292. “Simon the Just.” 453 Vaisala, Second BOODHIST Synod.—Jain KALPA SOOTRA written ; part of SOOTRAS or JAIN Bible.
GRECIAN Temple to THESEUS.—PROTAGORAS. DARIUS NOTHUS reigns at Soosa, APOLLO & PYTHON 425 NANDA, First of Ten Nanda Kings of Magada. PATNA finished by UDAYA. Ramayana current.
ARTA-XERXES II. Mnemon, 405-359. [424-405.
Andrasimoondoo, Capital of Ceylon.—PLATO. HOMER of present ILIAD. (Paley.) GROVE Worship everywhere. Mahâbârata current. Peepal Tree planted in Ceylon by King DUGDHA CAMINI.
400 ODIN THOR FRIGA 400

SO
385 NANDAS Dynasty.—ROME taken by Gauls, 390. Probable date of Barahut. Boodhist Sculptures quoting words of Tripitaka. Greek Alphabet gets its 24 letters.

OT
371 THEBANS defeat SPARTA at LEUKTRA.—KOOSAI seizes the Kaba of Meka. FREYIA

RA
BOODHIST Images dressed. YEMEN sacrificing to Sun, Moon, Stars, and all Arabia kissing the Black Stone of MEKA.
335 THEBES of Egypt destroyed by ALEXANDER. ARTAXERXES III., Oleus, 359-338.
338 ARISTOTLE writes that MAGI are more ancient than Egyptians. NEPTUNE MOON SEA JAIN Images naked. BOODHA called JAIN ESA. 360 MENCIUS preaching Confucianism.
331 -7 ARSES, Kg. of Persia. 336-331 DARIUS III., Codomanus. 333 Darius loses battle of Issus. One Siceitus writes from Alexander’s Army. DRUIDS firm believers in a Supreme Being. (Higgins, C. D., 283.)
ARBELA. End of Aka-Menidæ. 326 ALEXANDER in India—blots out Asyria. MANETHO, Egyptian Priest, names Egyptian Dynasties 5000 years back. 340 Siamese Era of T’A-KOODAM or Descent of Boodha.
Seleukus Niktator. 317 GREEKS expelled India, Patna capital. PTOLMEY PHIL. has Vulgate translated. PYRRHO, Sceptic. 330 Hebrew CHRONICLES written.

ASH
Megasthenes, ambassador of Seleukos, gives list of 150 Indian Kings. GOD & MATTER called CO-ETERNAL

cretiAoNGAS
325 CHANDRAGOOPTA’S succession to throne of Magada is 1st of Mauryan Dynasty, and 49th from Pandoo War.
312 Seleukidan Era begins. 309 Final rescension of TRIPITAKA. 3d Boodhist Council.
Boodhist’s Trinity. ZENDAVESTA into Greek. THATOON, in Pegu, falls.

DURM
300

n)
300 Berosus, Kaldian Priest, writes, 330-260. 292 or 283 Simon the Just and others complete O.T. 291 CHANDRAGOOPTA dies; succeeded by his son BINDOOSAN.

d) SH
.
G’T
SEP WISH

284 PALMYRA flourishes under Odenatus, and Queen ZENOBIA is now destroyed by Rome.

S
BOODHISM dominant in India. Ataka written in Pali. Palmyra under ZENOBIA has a great SUN Temple.

ter)
in DA
PARIAN Chronicle, date of.—Mencius of China writes 4th. SHOO.
TUA

ZENO teaches STOICISM. EUCLID writes. 274 ASOKA, Viceroy OUJAIN; and 263, King of Magada.

BU
250
. JE

ASOKA, 52d from Pandoo and Kooroo War.—241 Third BOODHIST Council at Patna.

r Con
(Mat
Kingdom of Parthia. 247-214 TIRIDATES I. of Arsakidæ. 250 Rock Inscriptions ; Pillars, 236. 242 BOODHIST 3d Synod. 241 BOODHISTS in Thatoon. 250 ARSAKES, 1st of Arsakidæ.
O.T

(M
245 to 221 CHINESE conquering TATARS.—Topes in Ceylon.—PTOLMEY of Egypt conquers Various POORANANS, and some say, Parts of RAMÁYANA and later MAHÁBÁRATA written. 240 Epic of Lunar Race.

(Thei
242 MAHENDRA, son of Asoka, to Ceylon. [Bactria.
BOODHIST Mission to China and Pegu. Asoka’s Fourth Son, Rahanman, to Ava. 242 Boodhist 3d Synod.
ASOKA dies.—LATS erected. 216 HANNIBAL.
CHINESE annex YOONAN and advance to Oxus.—Great Wall. OLD TESTAMENT into Greek SEPTUAGINT. DHAMAPADA, Boodhist Ethics. ASOKA’S Son—SOOJASAS, reigns in Patna.
200 200
214 -196 ARTABANES I. PRIAPATIUS, 196-181. PHRAATES I., to 174. 174-136 MITHRIDATES I. Asoka’s Hindoo Son, JALAKA, reigns in Kashmeer ; his other Son, KOONALA, in Panjab. 180 ECCLESIASTICUS written.
PHRAATES II. to 128. Belgæ of Britain now called Keltæ. 140 to 186 China under Emperor HIASWATY, Hun Dynasty. Second Sanchi Tope. Book of ISAIAH known in Egypt.
Chinese first learn of INDIA or YINTOO.—Emperor WOOTE of Han Dynasty.
PUCHACA MAE VIVASWAT or VIVANVAT BO TREE Worship, Ceylon and Gaia. In Britain Druids retire to Wales, Mona, and Islands.
181 NUMA’S Laws resuscitated at Rome.
169
SON OF SOMA 157 Nagas of East Coast, India, gathering Boodhist Relics. JUDAS MAKABEUS. PALI ceasing to be spoken.
166
Jerusalem Temple plundered by Antiochus Epiphanes and Statue of Jupiter Olympus set up. the
Makabees restore Jerusalem Temple. 122 China tries to reach India, but fails. Menander rules Panjab, Kabol, and Sind, 165 to 130. (Sooráshtra.)
147 ROME destroys PHENICIA.—Hipparchus and Zodiacal Astronomy. GOD OF PERU YÁMA the SON Religion being still hereditary, so is Property ; hence wills unknown, those performing funeral rites inheriting.
ATRABANES II., 128-124.
Firdusis’ JEMSHED or YIMA. Firidoon has GURSHAP for Kersapa. Athwya and Thraetona are Sons of Soma.
120 BACTRIAN Kingdom overthrown by SKYTHIANS. OF YIMA
100 ROME worships MITHRA. MITHRADATES II., 124. MITHRA Some UPA-POORÁNAS inculating Brahmanism. KÁLIDÁSA writes the Sakoontâla.
100
92 KATAK, BOODHIST Caves.—Saka seizes Sistan and Korasan. 92 Ceylon Boodhist Bible written. 76 The LALITA-VISTARA, (Páli) Pita Katya, and Commentaries. Atakáta by Mahendra.
CICERO.—SALLUST.—JULIUS CÆSAR invades South Britain; assassinated, 44. 76-65 SANATROCES, King of Arsakidæ. PHRAATES III., 66-60. MITHRADATES III., to 56. ORODES I., to 37.
56 OUJEIN, Boohist Buildings.—LIVY.—HINDOO Era of Samvat or Vikram-Aditya, 56-58. King KADAFISES, a SKYTHIAN Boodhist, builds Kanikpoor, Kashmeer ; rules Western India.
VIRGIL.—HORACE.—GAUL conquered. Serpent worship very Languid.
KRISAVA KERBAS KANISHKA succeeds KADFISES, who ruled to 33 B.C.
21 The Third Jewish Temple, called Herod’s, built. DIODORUS. OVID. 59 China conquers all Eartern Toorkestan. Vikramaditya, King of Oujain. 52 Consul Crassus plunders Syrian Temples.
The original copies of NUMA’S Laws unreadable. BOODHISM in Gobi. Parthia holds for a time Syria and Asia Minor.
PHRA-ATES IV., 37 to ? Phra-atakes, ORODES II. VONONES I. AUGUSTUS is Emperor. NAGER JOONA converts King of East Panjab, MILINDOO, to Boodhism. Dagoba, Wheel and Tree Worship vigorous.
4 CHRIST, Year of Birth and Death uncertain.—HEROD died, 2. B.C Thousands of Indian Boodhists to China, Java, Siam, Anam, &c. 15 B.C., China makes Taoism a State Faith.
A

O O
TY

14 TIBERIAS succeeds AUGUSTUS. 16 ARTABANUS III., King of Parthian Empire; dies, 42. 33 Some Jews commit atrocities in Babylonia, and many are therefore murdered.
YA
AP

27 -35 Pontius Pilate Procurator. L. Vitellius, Consul of Syria. CALIGULA, 37. CLAUDIUS, 41.
37 ARTABANUS, King of Parthia, throws incense on Sacred Fire, and images of Roman Army on Euphrates.
47
HW

ROMANS finally wipe out PHENICIANS.—PLINY elder. VARDANES I. of Parthia.


54 -69 Nero. 50 Claudius Cesar conquers Britain and Kelts to the Forth. JESUS CHRIST 40 50,000 Jews massacred in Babylonia.
AT

65 STRABO.—FOISM, with CONFUCIANISM and TAOISM, State Religions. 25 B.C. to 50 A.C., PHILO. 44 Apollonius visits India. Roman London founded.
69 VESPASIAN.—TITUS destroys JERUSALEM, 70; VOOLASGES I. sends him a crown of gold. SANCHI Tope of Bilsa Group. Boodhism Bhopal. 74 JAVANESE Era Boodhistical. Alani Skyths descending on Asia Minor.
73 Samoondri—Prome Era established. 78, Alaric invades Europe, the ALANI having been so
DAWN OF CHRISTIANITY
VESPASIAN, Emperor of Rome, from 69 to 79. TITUS, to 81. DOMITIAN, 81 to 96. NERVA, 98. TRAJAN, Jan. 98 to Aug. 117.
successful. Boodhist Era, SAKA established. PAKORUS II., 78-107.
93 KARLI—Boodhist CAVE.—JOSEPHUS dies.—SALIVAHANA, King of Paitan-Godavain. Polycarp said to be Bishop of Smyrna. SANSKRIT understood only by a learned few. Clemens Romanus, Bishop of Rome.
100 PLINY younger.—AYOODYA said to be rebuilt. Some say Ezra’s IV. Book written. China conquering up to East of Caspian, and sends an officer to Rome. Aryans rising over Parthian Turanians.
107 SAMOODA reigns at Pagan, Capital of Barma. MITHRADATES IV., to 113. 115 Great Earthquake at Antioch.
100
IA

109 IGNATIUS, Bishop of Antioch, martyred.—Egisippus, Ecclesiastical Historian. 130 TEMPLE of JERUSALEM rebuilt to JUPITER. Arrian the Historian. Papius, Bishop of Hierapolis.
ON

116 TRAJAN overrunning Mesopotamia. 130-149 VOLOGASES II. ; VOLOGASES III to 191. JAIN Faith in full vigour. 133 Skythic Alani again descending on Asia Minor.
FATHER AND SON HOLY GHOST SATAN 150 PTOLMEY’S Geography.
AET

135 JUDEANS banished and 580,000 destroyed.—ADRIAN, Emperor, 117-138. Yields up Meso-
166 FIRDUSI’S ZOHAD-AZHI-LAKA-AHI, or Serpent Races, conquering Thraeton or more ancient Trita.
China examining Rome’s Astronomical Writings. Kosroes, 113-130 [potamia.
164 Roman Army brings first Pestilence to Europe from Babylon. JUSTIN MARTYR.
THR

BRAHMANS rule in Telingana.—ANTONINUS PIUS, Emp, 138-161. M. AURELIUS succeeds. CHRIST IS WORSHIPPED 166 ROME sends Embassy to China. Marcus Aurelius, 161-180. CHRISTIANS preaching in Europe.
CELSUS, a Roman Philosopher, and PAUSANIAS, a Greek Historian, writing. Emperors D. JULIANUS and S. SEVERUS, 193-211. CLEMENS of Alexandria finds Brahmans worshipping Herakles and Pan,
180 -192 COMMODUS, Emp.—Ireneus, Bishop of Lyons. and Boodhists “Pyramids, in which are bones of a God.” 170 Bishop of Sardis mentions Canonical Gospels.
MITHRAS Worship dies out at Rome.—HEERA of Irak founded by Arabians. THEOS LOGOS DOVE SPOUSE AHI SERPENT AZHI LAKA MAHABHARTA written. (Cunningham.) TERTULLIAN. VOLOGASES V. to 215.
200 200
211 Emperor SEVERUS dies at York. ARTABANUS IV. 215-225 Battle of Hormazd. [nidæ. 201 Emperor SEVERUS overruns Babylonia ; removes 100,000 captives from Ctesiphon; annexes Adiabene.
Boodhagosa’s works on History, Grammar, &c. 216 Caracalla destroys Sacred Tombs at Arbela, where Seth is entombed.
222 China receives Coloured Glass from West. Hans Dynasty begins. 226 ARDASHIR I. of Sasa-
240 SHAPOOR I., founder of Sasanian Dynasty of Perisa, which ends 650; HORMAZD I. succeds, KROM DE BEL 217 Carcalla murdered when visiting a Temple of the Moon. Battle of Nisibis. Rome pays 1 ½ million pounds.
222 INDO-SKYTHIAN Power declines. ANTONINUS HELIOGABALUS Emperor, 221-224. ORIGEN. St. Gregory.
254 -55 Emperor DECIUS.—Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage. VARARAN I. to II., 294. [273. 224 SKANDA GOOPTA reigning from Goojerat to Ganges.
260 Temple of DIANA of Ephesus destroyed. Persia captures Roman Emperor; rules all Meso- 227 Roman Embassy to Cochin China and those parts. ROME pays Tribute to GOTHS.
270 Emperors VALERIANUS and GALLIENUS, 256-271; CLAUDIUS, 271-273. [potamia. ODIN THOR CHRISTIANS in Bactria. ZOROASTRIANISM revives in Persia.
272 SENA.—Boodhist Buildings, Ceylon.—Christians are persecuted. Serpent Worship driven from Persepolis by Fire Worship.
284 ROME sends a second Embassy to China. NARSES of Persia, 294-303. Julius Africanus’ History. Manikeus martyred in Persia ; calls himself the promised Paraklete. Lucian, Presbyter of Antioch.
Dionysus’ Bassarica.—EUSEBIUS writing history of Christianity. FRIG FREY Porphyry in India describes Boodhist Faith. Peter, Bishop of Alexandria. Hesychius’ New Greek Bible, Alexandria.
300 FREYIA 300
303 -310 HORMAZD. SHAPOOR II. to 381. Zoroastrians destroy the Images of Sun and Moon, and deified Kings and Seers of Armenia.
307 DIOCLETIAN Emperor to 287. Dahta Vansa written. Ceylon receives Boodha’s Tooth. PRI-APUS IS STILL EVERYWHERE WORSHIPPED 319 First GOOPTA Era begins. He rules from Nepal to Western Ghâts. Last Boodhist Emperor. His Inscriptions on Rock
321 Emperor CONSTANTINE. 325 NICENE COUNCIL.—DIKAN.—DANISHWER. CHRISTIAN
329
CHRISTIANS 334 CHRISTIAN See in Bactria and Khorasan. DIPA-VANSOO written. (Müller.) [Oodagir.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Capital of Empire. Revival of Serpent-Worship. NEW TEST Shapoor II. shuts up Christian Churches because the sect opresses others. 341 Council of Ephesus.
330 Balk under Persian Sasinidæ. 342 TIRIDATES King of Armenia, embraces Christianity when NOW SEPARATING Bandehesh and Minokhired written, and MAHA-BANSO and present edition of MANOO.
AFGHANISTAN TOPES, and great collecting of Boodhist Records. [very old. TUISKO
360 CHANDRAGOOPTA, the last Boodhist Emperor. Lotus and Lingam emblems of Buddha.
FROM OLD FAITHS One Theophilus Indicus from Sekotra speaks of Christian Churches in India. (Neander.)
363 Emperor JULIAN advances against Persia ; next year Rome yields up all Mesopotamia.
CHRISTIANS divide into EASTERN and WESTERN CHURCHES, Collect Writings. 378 Visigoths destroy Roman Army under Valens. AMRAVATI built. BRAHMANS from Matoora to Panjab.
PALLADIUS, Hermit and Christian Bishop.—SCHOLASTIKOS goes to India. CHRIST’S DIVINITY PELEVI language and PALI . Boodhagôsa to Ceylon ; translates Atakâta into Pâli. ARDASHIR II. 381-385. SHAPOOR III.

400
THEODISIUS’ Final Decree abolishing “Heathenism.”—Empire divided.
THE CHRISTIAN
DENIED & MAINTAINED Council of Carthage declares the two Books of Esdras Canonical.
400
Emperor Chao sends Embassy to Boodhist King of Magada. FAHIAN, China to India, 399 to 413. 398-410 Normans and Goths overrunning Europe and sack Rome.
Christians are now of importance in Persian Empire. 420 Do. begin to persecute; burn a BIBLE OF OLD BELUS SERAPIS AND KRONOS 404 VARARAN IV. or KERMANSHAH succeeded by YEZDIGIRID I. 420. YEZDIGIRID II. 448. 407 Alans conquer Central Europe.
Chinese Vessels numerous in Persian Gulf; NANKIN the Capital. [Zoroastrian Capital. & NEW TEST. 409 Vandals and Sueves invade Italy; and 429, Vandals pass into Africa. 419 Visigoths settle in Spain.
PANDOO Invasion from Kashmeer.—LEO, Pope of Rome. The Boohist MAHA VANSOO.
The DHAMAPADA. A Copperplate mentions Wars of Bârata. 411 A Kalpa Sootra by Badrabahoo.
BOODHISM declares the World Round and Solid, and says there are millions of other worlds.
451 -455 Invasion of Europe by Atala’s Huns and their return. Coinage Common. [Bards. SOPHIA or VIRGIN WITH A GENERAL CHAOS CHANDRAGOOPTA II., the Great Boodhist King.—400 to 430— calls himself Vikram-Aditya of Samvat Era, 57 B.C.
453 Ostro-Goths invade Italy; and in 455 Vandals through Africa. Many Keltic and Welsh Translation of ZENDAVESTA. Moses of Khorene writes. 458 HORMAZD III. and FIRUZ.
560 Romans leave Britain; and 448, Saxons invade. 468 Council of Laodicea settles Christian OF BELIEFS 450 Babylonian GEMARA—TALMUD. SANSHIN preaches a Reformed Faith in China. 484-488 PALASH ; KOBAD to 498.
476 ROMAN EMPIRE (Western) ends; ODOACEE, King of Italy. [Canonical Books. BRAHMANISM again becomes dominant in India. KOOMARA, 430. SKANDAGOOPTA, 440 to 452.
Nonas writes his Dionysiaca.—Hesychios lives. 499 Boodhist Priest discovers America. CLOVIS, King of Franks, becomes CHRISTIAN. Boodhagosa’s Commentaries on Tripitaka.
500 BOODHA GOOPTA, a Boodhist King of Magada, sends Embassy to China. [(Leland). MITHRAS VIRAF & ZARVAN GREEK CHURCH now wholly separates from ROMISH. JAMASP, 498 to 531. Temple of Zeus at Olympia burned.
500
Keltic Bards, Taliesen, Merddin. The Triads, Llywarch. A Copper-plate mentions the Jerusalem GEMARA. 502 SOONG-YOON, Chinese Boodhist, to India. A CHRISTIAN Era spoken of.
Mahâ-Bhârata. Tatars, Turanians, and Skythians Boodhists. FIRE SUN TOTH TOT TA TAO 518 HOEISENG to India, collects Boodhist Literature. 531-579 KOSROE I. or NUSHERWAN.
539 Boodhist Comm. Era begins, and sacred line, “Om manipadmi hum,” or, “Oh the Jewel in
the Lotus,” common. Mazdak, communist and athiest, and sect destroyed in Persia by LATIN still commonly spoken. BOODHISM, with Fire Worship, at Balk.
Kosree Noosherwan. He has Plato and Aristotle translated from Greek, and Hitopadesa I-ER I-AR or I-AL ALLAH 530-550 Cosmas writes his Cosmos that earth is flat and the Sky is Heaven. 573 Pegu built by Emigrants from Thatoon.
from Indian languages. 568 LOMBARDS destroy GEPIDÆ. 573 70,000 Parthians move to Crete.
547 Angles invade Britain.
569 MAHOMED born ; died 644. FIEDNEIMD THAO
587 Sitang or Tsit-toung built by King of Pegu. Athanasian Creed must have now existed.
596 ST. PAUL’S, LONDON, building on a Temple of DIANA. HEGIRA, 16th JULY 622. SILADITYA of Balabi protects JAINS.
SAMARKAND, the Athens of the East. Saganian Sculptures often in Pelevi. King of Byzantium, MAURICE. THEOPHYLACHUS, Historian. 579-591 HORMAZD IV. 600
600
607 Harsha B. Era. 591-628 KOSROE II. succeeds as King of Perisa. Magada Empire overthrown by Sil-Aditya, who dies 645.
615 KOSROE II. ravages Syria and Egypt; vows he “will put down the worship of a crucified God.” 629 Emperor HERACLIUS restores Holy Cross to Jerusalem. Is commanded by Mahomed to renounce Christianity.
Receives letter from Mahomed to “worship one God,” and not the Sun. 635 NESTORIAN Church in China. HWEN-TSANG to India, 629-645. Droovasena reigns, 632-650.
628 -632 KOHAB II. 636 Omar Kalif enters Jerusalem as conqueror. 638 Boodhism introduced into Siam (Crawford.)
HARSHA VARDHANA, King of Northern India, rules as a Boodhist King at Kanoj. 643 His Great Procession to Kanoj; Dies, 648.
638 Saracens driving out last Sasanian King. 632-641 YEZDIGIRID III. falls—last of Sasanidæ. AJANTA built. MAHOMEDANS conquer Persia under General KALEB. ABOO BEKR, Kalif.
640 Egypt, Syria, and Persia are ISLAMITES—Orisa BRAHMANICAL. BENARES has 100 Siva Temples to 30 Boodhist Monasteries. Kalinga has few Boodhists. MAHOMEDANS preaching in China.
SIL-ADITYA, King of Malwa, conquers Magada ; dies 648—a Boodhist. Tolteks occupy Ana- SARNAT, Boodhist Stoopa Benares.
650 Chinese Emperor, YUAN TSANG, seeks aid of MAHOMEDANS. [huak. 680 Council of Constantinople, last of six Ecumenical.
MAHOMEDANS settle in Yoonan.—King of Kabol a Turk.—Ganzi a Boodhist. India—PRAKRIT Languages only current. BEDE, 672-735, writing Eclesiastical History.
700 700
704 ALFRED resists a Papal Mandate. 707 Mahomedans masters of Africa. Debal, Chief Port of Sind. SUN Worshipped over all Western India.
712 Saracens and Moors extirpate Visigoths from Spain.
KO

YAH
Z O R O A S T R I A N I S M

715 Winifred, a monk of Wessex, under the name of Boniface, goes on his first mission to Germany. 730 Fifty-six CHINESE MONKS to INDIA, and write Itineraries. BOODHIST triumphs in Barma.
RA

721 Egbert, abbot of Iona, translates the Four Gospels into Anglo-Saxon. 749 Africa has now rejected Christianity and become Mahomedan.
N

732 CHARLES MARTEL DEFEATS SARACENS in Valley of Loire.


Arabs and Persians in Chinese Ports.—Arabs invade Sind.
IAH 757 Brahmanabad, Sind, destroyed by Earthquake. SIVAISM greatly revives in India by Preaching of Sankara-Acharya.
746 A Brahman King of Pegu builds Rangoon or Kama’s City. GOD 770 The First Boodhist King of BARMA. CHRISTIANITY preached to Germans.
H

748 CHRISTIAN ERA first used in books. 755 Temporal Dominion of the Pope commences.
M

774 Lombards overthrown. 786 HAROON AL RASHID, Kalif. ALLAH 771-784 CHARLEMAGNE Christianising Europe ; checks Normans, who are now settling in France and Germany.
TOPES at SARANAT, near Benares. ODEN WODEN TA-AL Zoroastrian Poet, DAKIKI. BENARES gives Brahman King to Central India.
800
800 Many POORANAS said to have been written. Thuringian Germany burned their dead up to this, when a law of Charlemagne
C

CHARLEMAGNE crowned Emperor of the West by Pope Leo at Rome.


S

827 stopped it
Almagest of Ptolmey translated into Arabic. DI GOTH
842 The Lia-fail, or “Stone of the King,” removed by Kenneth II. to Scone. China proscribes NESTORIANS.
DEVA
R

862
S

Establishment of Novogorod by Ruric the Pirate. Beginning of Russian Empire.


TOOTLE
I

DIE 850 BRAHMAN Dynasty begins to reign in Kábol.


M

CAVES at ELORA, called India Sooba.


M

ALPHONSO the Great. Europe priest-ridden—THE DARK AGES. Various TANTRAS reviving Phallic Ideas and Faiths in India.
TLOQE
N
U

ALFRED of England has established Saxon Dominion ; reigns 872-901. DIETH GOT
S

Jain Priest Jaina Siva.


900 900
S
S

939 JAINISM revived under AMOGAVERSHA, King of Konjeveram.


S

Bible translated into Saxon.


DEUS
O
M

950
E

No town in or about Persia without its Fire Shrine. (Ibn Hankal.)


H

Christianity strives to keep Europe in darkness, and shut out all learning. TATARS ravage China, 9th to 11th centuries.
958
I

Law issued in England for Prayer on Saturdays.


A

970 King of Kashgar embraces MAHOMEDANISM.


I

Arab Geographers write of Western India. Modern Arabic invented by Maläk.


GUD
O
I
S
E
C

Many Normans becoming Christians. Eric “the Red” settles with Northmen in W. Greenland.
N

976 JAIPAL, Hindoo King of Lahore, conquered by SOOBOOKTOOGREEN of Gazni.


H
E

977 964 CHINIE, from China to India, with 300 Pilgrims.


C

MAHMOOD of Gazni succeeds. KODA


D
I
N

Date of Present Oldest Hebrew MSS. of OLD TESTAMENT. Paper long known to Chinese—made from Cotton.
I

1000 1000
E

Northmen discover America to Hope Bay..


K

1001 India invaded by Mahomed of Gazni ; its authentic and continued history begins.
U

1007
O

Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres, establishes a School of Theology.


PAZEND Language.
A
N
O

CAVES at AJANTA.—CANUTE, King of England.


1025 JAIN Temple of Samnat destroyed by MAHMOOD. Toorkistan tries for Empire.
H

1032 FIRDUSI’S SHA-NAME. Aboo-Rihan’s History.


E

JAIN Temple, ABOO of Vimalasa.—HILDEBRAND Pope. BOOG


F
A

1033 “Truce of God,” for Regulation of the Seasons, &c., published in France. 1074 BOODHISM in Java, and Fall of First Java Kingdom.
J
I
O

1051 Anahuak abandoned by Tolteks. TURKS take BAGDAD. King of Bohemia obliged to pay tribute to the Holy See.
1066 HAROLD, King of Saxons, conquered by WILLIAM the Norman.
S

1080 ANAURATA, Barmese King of Pagán, destroys Pegu—Capital, Thátoon—In subjection 200 years.
E

1092 BOK
N

Death of MALEK SHAH; Fall of Toorkestan Empire.


H
T

KIVA or Khorasim a great kingdom. First CRUSADES. Basein, great port for Ceylon.
1100 1100
S

1110 Learning revived at Cambridge. 1118 The Order of Knights-Templars instituted. Siberians said to be Remnants of European Aborigines. (Lubbock.)
C H
R

1125 MEXICO founded.—CHARLES IV. of France.


O

1133 Popular respresentation in Arragon and in 1169 in Castille.


1139 TANJORE Temple—Chola Dynasty.—Portugal a Monarchy.
1153 MONGOLS invade China through Yoonan. 1144 Hemachandra, a Jain Writer of Goojerat.
EDRISA, Arabian Philosopher, says Earth is 27,000 miles in circumference.
G

1147 Second CRUSADE.


C

1170 Chichemecas take Anahuak.


1172 IRELAND conquered. 1187 JERUSALEM taken by SALADEEN. Kanoj Patan Kingdom falling.
C H U R

GHENGIS KHAN, 1163 to 1226. His movements force Siberians into North America. JAPAN heard of through Marco Polo. MOSELMS conquer Bengal ; Nadya the Capital.
1200 MARCO POLO travelling. The great Tschu in China. 1200
1203 FOURTH CRUSADE. Law issued in Scotland for Prayer on Saturdays. 1215 Magna Charta. Laterna Council at Rome affirms CHRIST’S Divinity.
1204 Inquisition established.—JOHN, King of England, offers aid to Saracens. 1220 Khiva and Persia conquered by MONGOLS.
1238 Russia conquered by Tatars.—MOSLEMS now supreme in India. Sriharsha writes NAISHADA. ALTAMASH, Emperor of India. Arabian Abdoolfeda writes Universal History.
1258 KABLAI KHAN rules in Yoonan. Pekin new capital. [land. ROGER BACON. Telescope. Alphonso, King of Castile, spends £ 80,000 on Astronomical Tables.
BAGDAD and KALIFAT destroyed by MONGOLS. 1264 Popular Representation in Eng- 1263 First Church built in Nazareth.
1280 Pagan destroyed by KABLAI KHAN.—CHINA again conquered by MONGOLS. 1290 The JOOTAKAS of Boodhism translated from Pali into Ceylonese.
Martaban made Capital of Pegu, which, with Pagan Capital of Barma is destroyed. 1300-1307 Rashi Doodeen, Vizier of Persia, writes.
1300 1300
EDWARD I. removes the Lia-fail, or “Stone of the King,” to Westminister. 1316-1330 Travels of Friar and Oderic to India and China. DANTE writing La Divina Commedia ; b. 1265; d. 1321.
1302 Pope excommunicates PHILIP, King of France. 1325 MEXICO built.—Gunpowder. 1330 Bengal annexed to Delhi by Mahomed Tooklook. Paper from Rags.
1345 Ibn Batula to China.—Mahd. Toglak conquers Bengal and the Karnatik.
BOODHISM supplanting OPHIOLATRY in Anam.
N

1364 AVA, the Capital of Barma.—MAHMEDANS in Rangoon.


&c.

1370 Kambodia conquered by SIAM.—Cannon used.—TIMOOR, 1335-1405. 1330-1340 Pigolotti writes regarding Routes to Kathay. Hafiz the Poet flourishing.
Siberians reach West Greenland, driven on by Red Indians. 1338-1353 John de Marignotti travels. The Golden Bull. 1361 TURKS take Adrianople.
M A

1378 Schism of Double Popes, which continues 38 years.


ZENDAVESTA translated into Sanskrit. CHAUCER. WYCLIFFE. BOCCACIO.
1398 Kathay sends Embassy to TIMOOR.
TREE, SERPENT and FIRE Worship, with CHRISTIANITY in Europe.
S,

Second JAVA Empire falls.


1400 1400
1401 Statute for Burning of Heretics passed. Henry IV. GOORU Spread of Protestant principles in England.
1405 Pegu rules Arakan, and Prome employs Europeans. VEDAS translated by Sayna. JOHN HUSS, in 1407, interdicted by France.
R O

JAIN Temple of Sad rebuilt by Kamboo Rana of Ooderpore. NANUK Joan of Arc. Europe hearing of Pegu. Samarkand—Emperor ALAK BEG studies Astronomy.
1439 JAIN Tower, Chitore, built by Kamboo Rana.
W

1449 Portuguese Mission to JAPAN.—PRINTING in Europe. 1452 Guinea discovered by Portuguses. TURKS take Constantinople, which has 450 Christian Churches.
The Bible is printed by Gutenberg at Mayence, 1450-56. Gaur, the Capital of Bengal. King of Herat sends Embassy to China. 1453 Vatican Library.
1460 THOMAS-A-KEMPIS, COLUMBUS, CAXTON, THE MEDICIS. “FEASTS OF LIGHTS” very Holy in China, in February and March.
1474 Verd Islands discovered by Portuguese. 1486 Cape of Good Hope discovered by B. Diaz.
PROTESTT. GRANTH 1489 Maps of American Coast. 1492 West Indies discovered. 1497 Vasco de Gama to East Indies.
E

1497 Cabot finds Esquimaux in Labrador.


COPERNICUS.—Saracens out of Spain.—MACHIAVELLI. BIBLE CHRISTIANS denouncing Serpent Worship in Europe. 1499 Amerigo Vespucci discovers South America.
1500 1500
1515 Copernicus observes the Vernal Equinox. JAIN Temples of Satroonjáya and Pàlitána. 1526 WILLIAM TYNDALE translates New Testament—Put to death.
Tatars driven out of Kiva.—UZBEG’S Rule.—Portuguese Settlements in Malaka. THE GRANTH
J

One POORANA said to have been written. BABER, Emperor of India, 1526 .
P R O T E S T N AT S

1521 MEXICO plundered.—Portuguese visit China.


1525 Socinians deny TRINITY.—Spanish Conquest of Peru.
or XAVIER dies, Makao, 1552. CALVIN burns Servetus. 1531 England abolishes Papal Authority. 1545 COUNCIL OF TRENT.
1536 Portuguese get Makao.—Kabol independent. SEIK Demand for Open Bibles. AKBAR, 1556-1605. Celebes worship Sun. 1568 MAHOMEDANS conquer Bengal and Orissa
French Voyage to India and China.—ERASMUS.—LUTHER.—TASSO. BIBLE 1570 Spaniards discover Angkor, Boodhist Capital, of Kamboia. Bartholemew Massacre, 1572.
1565 Spaniards to Phillipines.—MARY, Queen of Scots.
1575 ROME sends Priests to China.
1592 JAPAN conquers Korea and holds it six years.—CALVIN. Newspapers.
1662-1667 [sic.] Benedict goes from Agra to Kathay. Holland seizes Portuguese Eastern Settlements.
1600
Dutch to China.—CHRISTIANITY now introduced into Japan and expelled in 1638. GOORU GOVIND
1600
1605 Discovery of Australia by the Portuguese. 1619 Act to Burn Witches passed (Bacon). CATHERINE DE MEDICI.
1607 A New Translation of the Bible begun. Cochin China massacres English and Dutch Traders. English Settlement at Madras.
SHAKESPEARE.—LORD BACON.—Logarithms.—DESCARTES.—KEPLER. 1622 Pope GREGORY XV, institutes Laws for Propagation of CHRISTIANITY.
1644 CHINA: Mings fall, Manchoos succeed. GALILEO.—HAMPDEN.—Barometers.
1667 Royal Society of London. Bayle, Historian. Judge Hale condemning Witches.
1649 CHARLES I. beheaded.—HARVEY.—BUNYAN.—CARDINAL MAZARIN.
Khiva, Bokhara, and Khokan become Khanates. 1678 Habeas Corpus.
1658 Kingdom of Kiva falls.—CROMWELL dies.—MILTON, 1608-1674.
1667 Earthquake at Pekin, 300,000 killed.—East India Company as “Tea-Traders,” 1680. 1685 Revocation of Edict of Nantes. 1688 English Revolution.
Russia aids Kiva.—JAMES II. dies.—AURANGAZEB, Emperor, 1618-1707. ROME sends Missions everywhere.
1700 1700
LOCKE, KANT, GIBBON, BURNS, HUME, ISAAC NEWTON, VOLTAIRE. CHARLES XII. of Sweden.
1704 Beginning of Protestant Missions to India.
1724 China expels Jesuits.—Pekin Earthquake, 1731, loss, 180,000 persons. 1728 Academy of St. Petersburg.
1725 PETER the Great dies.—ABDOOL WAHAB. SWEDENBORG.
1750 ALOMPRA, King of Barma, conquers Pegu, 1757-58.—BUFFON. 1736 Naweb of Arcot wipes out Southern Hindoo Kingdoms.—Göttingen Universty.
1770 AMERICAN War. Population 2,000,000 whites, and half-a-million blacks. 1730 KOULI KHAN, King of Persia, conquers Moguls.
1782 Independence recognized.
1753 British Museum. Birth of real and accurate Astronomy in Europe.
1793 Macarthy received by Emperor at Pekin.—French Revolution ; Louis XVI. beheaded.
BONAPARTE conquers at Marengo.—CUVIER.—FICHTE. T H E O S B R A H M 1774-9 Oxygen and Hydrogen discovered. 1788 Galvanism.—J. Bryant’s Mythological History. 1798 Vaccination.
1800 1800
1812 CHINESE Edict against CHRISTIANITY. 1812 KOREANS massacre CHRISTIANS. MIRACLES AND REVELATIONS BECOMING DISCREDITED. 1804 BONAPARTE Emperor. Moscow burned, 1812. Steamers, 1813. [Bill.
HONG-KONG taken : Emperor closes China. 1841 Canton ransomed. Champollion.
A TE SCIENCES AND
GREAT RENAISSANCE OF LEARNING.
U R E, PHYSICAL AND MOR 1815 BONAPARTE defeated at Waterloo. 1829 Catholic Disabilities removed. 1830 George IV. dies. 1832 English Reform
Taylor urges THEISM.—COMPTE. 1842 Shanghai taken; Five Cities opened.
CU R TRUE AT A L. 1837 Queen Victoria Crowned.
1826 1854 A C R F N W I T H O L D F
First American Railroad. O AITH
M, SECUL ARISM APPRE
Japan treats with Europe.
1840 STRAUSS, RENAN. 1860 Capture of Peking. I S H E N S ION S M, S 1851 Rise of TA-PINGS, who preach Doctrines of Christianity ten years—Leader, Tien-le. 1833 Slaves Emancipated—Railways.
1858 DE , M E I BRAHMO SOMAJES or THEIST Churches springing up all over India.
Treaty of Tien-sin; Toleration of Christianity. 1861 Canton given back. ATE H
1873 Kiva a Tributary to Russia. RI ALIS M, T ALL REVELATIONS being called in question, and ACCURATE HISTORICAL CRITICISM insisted on by the educated.
1900 AND SUPERSTITIONS 1900
Accompaniment to General Forlong’s “Rivers of Life.” All Rights reserved. Entered at Stationers’ Hall.

SCOTT & FERGUSON, ENGRAVERS & LITHOGRAPHERS.


EDINBURGH.