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WORKSHOP 1

LINEAR AND NONLINEAR


ANALYSIS OF A CANTILEVER
BEAM

MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008


Copyright© 2009 MSC.Software Corporation WS1-1
● Problem Description
● In this exercise, a cantilever beam is subjected to a static load. The beam
is initially analyzed using small deformation theory. However, after
reviewing the results, it becomes apparent that small deformation theory is
not appropriate for this problem. Subsequently, a large deformation
analysis is performed and its results are compared to the small
deformation analysis.

Section A-A

(Data in next page)

MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008


Copyright© 2009 MSC.Software Corporation WS1-2
a

Section A-A

Length, L 100.0 in 2.54 m


a 1.0 in 25.4 mm
b 2.0 in 50.8 mm
Young’s Modulus 30.0 x 106 207 GPa
lb/in3
Poisson’s Ratio 0.3 0.3
P 6000 lb 27200 N

MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008


Copyright© 2009 MSC.Software Corporation WS1-3
● Problem Description (Cont.)
● The model is made using eight 2D plane stress, assumed strain, reduced
integration (type 114) elements. The elements are uniformly spaced along
the length of the beam (i.e. a mesh, eight elements wide and one element
deep). The assumed strain, reduced integration element is designed
specifically for in-plane bending and is well suited for this problem.

● Objectives:
● Small vs. large displacement analysis
● Linear elastic theory

● Required
● No Supporting file is required.

MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008


Copyright© 2009 MSC.Software Corporation WS1-4
● Suggested Exercise Steps:
1. Create a new database named tip_load
2. Create a 100 x 2 quad surface cantilever geometry
3. Create 8 x 1 quad mesh elements
4. Convert surfaces to elements
5. Create an isotropic material with Young’s modulus = 3e7, Poisson's ratio
= 0.3, and mass density = 0.00074
6. Create a 2D planar geometric property, set thickness = 1
7. Create boundary conditions, fix the left edge in the X and Y directions
8. Create a 6000 lb point load in the negative Y direction and apply to top
right node
9. Create a linear static loadcase, # steps = 1
10. Create a plane stress job
● Select linear elastic analysis
● Select assumed strain
● Select 114 as the element type
11. Submit model for analysis
12. View results by plotting the Y displacement
MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008
Copyright© 2009 MSC.Software Corporation WS1-5
● Suggested Exercise Steps:
13. Create a multi criteria loadcase for nonlinear analysis
14. Create a plane stress job for nonlinear analysis
● Deselect tip_load and fixed from initial loads
● Select large strain
● Submit for analysis
15. View results by plotting the Y displacement
16. Compare results

MAR101, Workshop 1, September 2008


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