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INSTRUCTIONS

1. This Test contains 20 pages and 75 questions.


2. This test has three sections that examine various abilities.
Section-I has 25 questions, Section-II has 15 questions and Section-III has 35 questions.
You will be given 150 minutes to complete the test.
In distributing the time over the sections, please bear in mind that you need to demonstrate your
competence in all three sections.
3. All questions carry 4 marks each. Each wrong answer will attract a penalty of 1 mark.
Online Mock CAT 5 - Unproctored
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Test Booklet Serial Number: 7 7 0 6 6 6
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SECTION - I SECTION - I SECTION - I SECTION - I SECTION - I
QUANTITATIVE ABILITY QUANTITATIVE ABILITY QUANTITATIVE ABILITY QUANTITATIVE ABILITY QUANTITATIVE ABILITY
DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 1 to 5: for Questions 1 to 5: for Questions 1 to 5: for Questions 1 to 5: for Questions 1 to 5: Each question is followed by two statements, A and B. Answer each
question using the following instructions:
Mark (1) if the question can be answered by using the statement A alone but not by using the statement B
alone.
Mark (2) if the question can be answered by using the statement B alone but not by using the statement A
alone.
Mark (3) if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone.
Mark (4) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by either of the
statements alone.
Mark (5) if the question cannot be answered on the basis of the two statements.
1. Is x > y?
A: (x y) (x y) > 0.
B:
j \
+ +
, (
( ,
1 1
(x y) 4
x y
2. If the two trains started simultaneously, then what is the distance between the two stations X and Y?
A: Both the trains were travelling from Y to X. The train travelling at 60 kmph arrived at X 50 min
before the train travelling at 50 kmph.
B: The trains were travelling in the opposite direction such that one is travelling from Y to X and the
other from X to Y. The difference between speeds is 15 km/hr. They take 20 min and 30 min to
reach their respective stations after they cross each other.
3. Tarun eats chicken only on Tuesdays, Saturdays and Sundays. Did he eat chicken today?
A: He ate chicken yesterday.
B: He ate chicken two days before yesterday.
4. A, B, C are positive integers such that A < B < C. Is (C A) even?
A: A B C is odd.
B: AB + BC + CA is even.
5. What is the area bounded by the two lines L and M and the coordinate axes in the first quadrant?
A: The lines L and M intersect at a point that also lies on both the lines, 3x 4y = 1 and
7x 8y = 5.
B: The lines L and M are perpendicular to each other and one of them intersects the y-axis at an
intercept of d.
6. Find the smallest natural number which when divided by 7, 8 and 9 leaves the remainders 2, 4 and 6
respectively.
(1) 492 (2) 436 (3) 212 (4) 380 (5) None of these
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7. The equations x
2
+ ax + b = 0 and x
2
+ bx + a = 0, where a b, have a common root. Then the equation
whose roots are the other two roots of the given equations is
(1) x
2
+ x + ab = 0 (2) x
2
x + ab = 0 (3) x
2
+ x ab = 0
(4) x
2
x ab = 0 (5) None of these
8. Sharat, Chandra and Mayank completed a job in 10 days in the following manner:-
They worked together for 3 days in which they completed 37% of the total work. But due to unavoidable
circumstances, Sharat quits the job at this point and Chandra and Mayank continued to work together to
complete the job. If the work done by Chandra in 4 days is equal to the work done by Mayank in 5
days, then what is the time required by the fastest worker amongst the three mentioned persons to
complete the whole work alone?
(1) 20 days (2) 25 days (3) 30 days (4) 15 days (5) None of these
9. The sum of the infinite series
j \ j \ j \ j \
+ , ( , ( , ( , (
, ( , ( , ( , (
( , ( , ( , ( ,
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
5 11 19 29
+ + + .....
1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5
is
(1)
3
2
(2)
7
4
(3)
9
4
(4)
5
2
(5) 2
10. Jerrys field is circular in shape. He has a long rod which he places in his field such that both the ends
of this rod just touch the fence of this field. Furthermore, he finds that the fence on one side of this rod
is 400% longer than that on the other side. Jerrys son Micky arrives in a while, takes a
200 m long iron coil and describes the smallest possible circle around that rod. He, then discards the
remaining 50 m of the coil. What is the area of the region outside Jerrys field but inside Mickys
circle?
(1)
j \

, (
, (
( ,
2 2
3
150 m
8 4
(2)
j \

+
, (
, (
( ,
2 2
3
150 m
3 2
(3)
j \

, (
, (
( ,
2 2
3
150 m
4 12
(4)
j \

, (
, (
( ,
2 2
3
150 m
4 24
(5) None of these
11. A dice is rolled three times. Find the probability of getting a number, which is at least 2 more than the
previous number each time.
(1)
1
54
(2)
1
108
(3)
1
36
(4)
5
216
(5)
7
216
12. Given that the product of a two-digit number AB and 74 is a three-digit number EEE, where A, B and
E are distinct non zero digits. What is the value of E?
(1) 9 (2) 7 (3) 6 (4) 8 (5) Cannot be determined
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13. In the figure below, ABCD is an isosceles trapezium such that AD = BC. P and Q are the points on the
side AD and BC respectively such that PQ || AB and AP:PD = DC:AB = 2:1. What is the value of
PQ:AB?
A B
C D
P Q
(1)
4
3
(2)
2
3
(3)
3
5
(4)
6
11
(5)
5
3
14. Given that f(0) = 0, f(1) = 1 and f(2) = 1. If f(n) = f(n+1) f(n1), then find the value of
+

f (8) f (7) f (5)
.
f (7) f (6) f (4)
(1)
13
5
(2
9
2
(3)
16
5
(4)
16
7
(5)
13
2
15. In the figure given below O, Q, P and R are respective centres of circles of different radii. It is further
given that the length of the line segments OP, OR, PR are 98, 92, and 170 units respectively. Find the
radius of the circle with centre at O.

P
Q
R
O
(1) 190 units (2) 200 units (3) 240 units (4) 180 units (5) 160 units
DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for Q QQ QQuestions 16 and 17: uestions 16 and 17: uestions 16 and 17: uestions 16 and 17: uestions 16 and 17: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A three-digit number less than 300 exists such that the sum of the digits of the number is a multiple of 5 and
the digit at the units place is thrice the digit at the hundreds place.
16. How many numerals cannot be the digit at the tens place of such a three-digit number?
(1) 4 (2) 3 (3) 6 (4) 5 (5) 7
17. Which of the following cannot be the remainder when such a three-digit number is divided by 17?
(1) 5 (2) 11 (3) 10 (4) 4 (5) 9
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DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for Q QQ QQuestions 18 and 19: uestions 18 and 19: uestions 18 and 19: uestions 18 and 19: uestions 18 and 19: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
In a bag there are 100 coins. The coins in the bag are either of denomination Re.1 or Rs.2 or Rs.5. There are
at least 10 coins and at most 60 coins of each denomination in the bag. Urvashi took out 40 coins from the bag
and found that total worth of coins with her is Rs.148. The total worth of coins that remain in the bag is Rs.
212.
18. Which of the following can be the total number of coins of denomination Re.1 that remain in the bag?
(1) 9 (2) 17 (3) 11 (4) 13 (5) 8
19. If the number of coins of denomination Rs. 5 that Urvashi took out is 26, then which of following can
be the total number of coins of denomination Rs.2 that remain in the bag?
(1) 8 (2) 12 (3) 16
(4) Either (1) or (2) (5) 10
20. If
, ] , ] , ]
+ +
, ] , ] , ]
] ] ]
s s s 31
s
2 3 5 30
, where[s] is the greatest integer less than or equal to s and
0 < s < 1000, then find the number of possible values of s.
(1) 48 (2) 999 (3) 11 (4) 33 (5) Cannot be determined
21. 1 unit of A is made by mixing 4 units of B and 5 units of C. 1 unit of B is made by mixing 1 unit of X
and 4 units of Y. 1 unit of C is made by mixing 2 units of X and 6 units of Y. The weight of 1 unit each
of X and Y is 5 kgs and 3 kgs respectively. What is the total weight of Y required to make 1040 kgs of
A?
(1) 630 kgs (2) 720 kgs (3) 690 kgs (4) 870 kgs (5) 570 kgs
22. A pond is inhabited by only four types of fishes, namely A, B, C and D. There are 25 percent more
fishes of type A than type C, 10 percent fewer fishes of type B than type A, and 20 percent of the fishes
are of type D. If there are 144 fishes of type B, then how many fishes are there in the pond?
(1) 407 (2) 540 (3) 532 (4) 601 (5) 600
23. In an isosceles right angled triangle ABC, it is given that AB = BC. DE and GF are drawn parallel to BC
and AB respectively such that DE as well as GF divide the triangle ABC into two equal parts. BO when
extended meets AC at the point H. Find the ratio BO:OH.
A
G
H
E
C
F B
D
O
(1) 1 : 1 (2) 1: 2 (3) 2 : 1 (4) 2 1: 2 (5) 2 : 2 1
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24. Gloria has 160 cellular phones with her. The cellular phones with her are either GSM or CDMA. The
ratio of number of GSM to CDMA cellular phones is 3 : 5. The number of cellular phones with
blue-tooth to those without a blue tooth is 1 : 4. The ratio of number of GSM cellular phones with
blue-tooth to CDMA cellular phones with blue-tooth is 3 : 1. Find the ratio of number of GSM cellular
phones without blue-tooth to CDMA cellular phones without blue-tooth.
(1) 9 : 23 (2) 11 : 21 (3) 1 : 3 (4) 5 : 11 (5) 7 : 25
25. What is the smallest possible positive integer such that the product of all its digits equals to 9!?
(1) 2578899 (2) 3567889 (3) 4566789 (4) 4457899 (5) None of these
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SECTIONS - II SECTIONS - II SECTIONS - II SECTIONS - II SECTIONS - II
DATA INTERPRETATION DATA INTERPRETATION DATA INTERPRETATION DATA INTERPRETATION DATA INTERPRETATION
DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 and 27: DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 and 27: DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 and 27: DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 and 27: DIRECTIONS for Questions 26 and 27: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
There are 5 employees A, B, C, D and E at various positions in a department of Ranboxy Pharmaceuticals Inc.
The HR department of Ranboxy prepared the following three pie-charts indicating the break up of their gross
salaries, the taxes they pay and their net salaries. Net salary = (Gross Salary - Tax paid)

Gross Salary
(100/3)%
10%
(50/3)%
(40/3)%
(80/3)%
A B C D E

Tax Paid
34%
32%
6%
20%
8%
A B C D E

Net Salary
16%
(54/5)%
(166/5)%
(128/5)%
(72/5)%
A B C D E
26. What is the gross salary of E, if A pays Rs. 2000 as tax?
(1) Rs. 25,000 (2) Rs. 50,000 (3) Rs. 41,500
(4) Rs. 34,500 (5) None of these
27. What is the ratio of the tax paid by B to the net salary of D?
(1) 1 : 2 (2) 16 : 27 (3) 8 : 11
(4) 3 : 14 (5) 1 : 4
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DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for DIRECTIONS for Q QQ QQuestions 28 to 32: uestions 28 to 32: uestions 28 to 32: uestions 28 to 32: uestions 28 to 32: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
The table given below provides information about the number of female and male professors in each of the
four universities A, B, C and D as a percentage of the total number of professors in that university.
A B C D
Percentage of male professors 90% 70% 80% 60%
Percentage of female professors 10% 30% 20% 40%
The number of female professors in the universities A, B, C and D is P, Q, R and S respectively. The following
bar-graph provides information about the values of P, Q, R and S.
4600
6100
500
3300
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
P + Q + R Q + R + S Q - R P + S
28. What is the number of female professors in university C?
(1) 1600 (2) 2100 (3) 1800 (4) 2400 (5) 900
29. What is the absolute difference between the number of male professors in university A and the number
of female professors in university D?
(1) 6700 (2) 6300 (3) 5700 (4) 7100 (5) None of these
30. What is the ratio of the total number of professors in university D to the number of male professors in
university C?
(1) 16:15 (2) 3:5 (3) 3:4 (4) 4:3 (5) 15:16
Additional Information for questions 31 and 32: Additional Information for questions 31 and 32: Additional Information for questions 31 and 32: Additional Information for questions 31 and 32: Additional Information for questions 31 and 32:
2000 professors are transferred to the universities A, B, C and D in the ratio 4:3:2:1.
31. In which of the mentioned universities, the number of male professors as a percentage of the total
number of professors in that university is the maximum?
(1) D (2) B (3) C (4) A (5) Cannot be determined
32. If the total number of female professors that have been transferred is equal to the number of female
professors in university A after the transfer, then the total number of male professors that have been
transferred cannot be less than
(1) 200 (2) 300 (3) 400 (4) 800 (5) 1100
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DIRECTIONS for Questions 33 to 37: DIRECTIONS for Questions 33 to 37: DIRECTIONS for Questions 33 to 37: DIRECTIONS for Questions 33 to 37: DIRECTIONS for Questions 33 to 37: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
The owner of a Chinese restaurant Red Dragon has hired four persons namely A, B, C and D to deliver food
at the door steps of the customers.
Additional Information Given: Additional Information Given: Additional Information Given: Additional Information Given: Additional Information Given:
1. The total distance covered by A on Monday is more than the distance covered by A on Wednesday as
well as that on Tuesday.
2. The total distance covered by A on Thursday is less than the distance covered by A on Saturday as well
as that on Sunday.
3. The aggregate distance covered by A on Thursday and Tuesday is less than the aggregate distance
covered by A on Monday and Wednesday.
4. The aggregate distance covered by A on Wednesday and Sunday is less than the aggregate distance
covered by A on Tuesday and Saturday.
5. The distance covered by A on Thursday is more than the distance covered by A on Monday.
The additional information given above holds true for each of the other mentioned persons. The following
table provides information about the distances covered(in kms) by each of the mentioned four persons on the
seven days of a particular week. (not necessarily in the order of the days)
A 33, 38, 43, 18, 21, 27, 25
B 5, 9, 7, 10, 18, 17, 24
C 14, 13, 19, 21, 17, 23, 28
D 31, 25, 36, 22, 26, 32, 30
Distances Covered
33. If the distance covered by A on Friday is 33 kms, then what is the difference between the distance
covered by A on Saturday and Monday?
(1) 14 kms (2) 17 kms (3) 22 kms (4) 18 kms (5) Cannot be determined
34. For how many of the mentioned persons, the distance covered by them on Tuesday is definitely the
least among the seven days?
(1) Four (2) Three (3) Two (4) One (5) Zero
35. What is the distance covered by D on Friday?
(1) 30 kms (2) 25 kms (3) 26 kms (4) 31 kms (5) Cannot be determined
36. On how many days in the week, the distance traveled by B is definitely less than the distance traveled
by him/her on Friday?
(1) Four (2) Two (3) Five (4) One (5) None of these
37. The difference between the distances covered by C on Monday and Friday is
(1) 6 kms (2) 5 kms (3) 2 kms
(4) Either (2) or (3) (5) Either (1) or (2)
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DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 38 to 40: for Questions 38 to 40: for Questions 38 to 40: for Questions 38 to 40: for Questions 38 to 40: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
The following table provides information about the marks alloted to various topics in a particular examination
called KAT in the last six years from 1998 to 2003. In each of these years, the questions were asked from the
given topics only. The KAT examination is conducted only once every year.
S. No. Topic 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
1 Algebra 11 12 8 7 9 13
2 Analogies 5 5 10 5 8 5
3 Analytical Reasoning 20 30 15 24 15 10
4 Arithmetic 5 11 9 8 5 12
5 Comprehension 30 25 20 15 15 25
6 Data Interpretation 30 20 15 15 35 25
7 Data Sufficiency 10 4 13 3 15 2
8 Fill in the blanks 10 8 7 10 10 5
9 Geometry 9 11 5 15 6 9
10 Mathematical Reasoning 25 15 30 16 10 10
11 Modern Maths 6 5 11 4 0 2
12 Number System 8 7 7 11 9 6
13 Parajumbles 8 7 0 10 5 20
14 Sentence Correction 8 5 15 7 8 6
38. In how many of these years, the number of marks alloted to Geometry is less than the number of marks
alloted to Analogies as well as Arithmetic?
(1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) 4 (5) 5
39. Which topic has been alloted the second lowest aggregate number of marks over the given period?
(1) Arithmetic (2) Parajumbles (3) Analogies
(4) Modern Maths (5) Number system
40. In how many of these years, the aggregate number of marks alloted to all the topics is less than the
aggregate number of marks alloted to all the topics in the year 1999 but more than aggregate number of
marks alloted to all the topics in the year 2001?
(1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) 3 (5) 4
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SECTION - III SECTION - III SECTION - III SECTION - III SECTION - III
VERBAL ABILITY VERBAL ABILITY VERBAL ABILITY VERBAL ABILITY VERBAL ABILITY
DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for for for for for Q QQ QQuestions 41 to 45: uestions 41 to 45: uestions 41 to 45: uestions 41 to 45: uestions 41 to 45: The questions present a sentence, where a part of it or the entire
sentence is underlined. Beneath the sentence you will find five ways of phrasing the underlined part. The
first of these repeats the original; the other four are different. If you think the original is best, choose the first
answer; otherwise choose one of the others. This question tests correctness and effectiveness of expression.
In choosing your answer, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar,
choice of words, and sentence construction. Choose the answer that produces the most effective sentence;
this answer should be clear and exact, without awkwardness, ambiguity, redundancy, or grammatical error.
41. Johnson, whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically
idealistic in his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted human
hearts and minds.
(1) whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically
idealistic in his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted
(2) who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic
with his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that have infused corruption
in
(3) whom according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically
idealistic in his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that has corrupted
(4) who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic
in his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that have corrupted
(5) who according to the local community is the twenty-first century Don Quixote, is fanatically idealistic
through his approach to correcting modern societys incorrigible wrongs that has corrupted
42. Scientists have developed a virtual reality treadmill which can trick people into believing that they
are moving more slowly than they actually are.
(1) which can trick people into believing that they are moving more slowly than they actually are.
(2) who can trick people into believing that they are moving more slowly than they actually are.
(3) which can trick people into believing that they are moving slowly than they actually are.
(4) which can trick people to believing that they are moving more slow than they actually are.
(5) which can trick people into believing that they are moving themselves more slowly than they
actually are.
43. The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the western
world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness the rise of financially
powerful and independent Asian countries.
(1) The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the
western world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness
(2) The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crises has gripped the
western world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness
(3) The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crisis has gripped the
western world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness
(4) The insecurities of the suburbia is heightened at a time when economic crises is gripping the
western world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to come together
and become a witness to
(5) The insecurities of the suburbia are heightened at a time when economic crisis have gripped the
western world and it is this state of affairs that is compelling the western nations to witness
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44. The success rates of recent open offers seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high
in January.
(1) seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
(2) seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from the high in January.
(3) seem to has gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
(4) seem to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high on January.
(5) seems to have gone up as the stock markets fell from their high in January.
45. Discarded human skin can be used to test new drugs and cosmetics, a researcher has found, sparing
animals much agony in test laboratories.
(1) a researcher has found, sparing animals much agony in test laboratories.
(2) a researcher had found, sparing animals much agony in test laboratories.
(3) sparing animals much agony in test laboratories, a researcher has found.
(4) researcher has found, sparing animals much agony in test laboratory.
(5) a researcher has found, spared animals much agony in test laboratories.
DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 46 to 50: for Questions 46 to 50: for Questions 46 to 50: for Questions 46 to 50: for Questions 46 to 50: Fill in the blanks, numbered __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__, __[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ up to __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__, in
the paragraph given below choosing the most appropriate word from the options given for each blank. Before
filling the blanks, you must first read the paragraph in order to understand the context.
With the darkening sky signaling the onset of a __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__ __[46]__ they decided to climb down the mouth of the narrow
__[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ __[47]__ as a last resort. Irwin decided to __[48]__ __[48]__ __[48]__ __[48]__ __[48]__ the rope on his waist, while Tyler grasped it near the other
end to begin his slow, __[49]__ __[49]__ __[49]__ __[49]__ __[49]__ descent. More than once his boots slipped on the ice and made the rope go
taut and cut deeply into Tylers waist. Tyler bore the agony with stoic __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__ __[50]__.
46. (1) hurricane (2) blizzard (3) cyclone (4) sunset (5) thunderstorm
47. (1) spindrift (2) avalanche (3) crevasse (4) glacier (5) crag
48. (1) stick (2) clasp (3) hold (4) release (5) belay
49. (1) gradual (2) tentative (3) delayed (4) careless (5) precarious
50. (1) turpitude (2) disposition (3) austerity (4) forbearance (5) recalcitrance
DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 51 to 55: for Questions 51 to 55: for Questions 51 to 55: for Questions 51 to 55: for Questions 51 to 55: Five alternative summaries are given below each text. Choose the
option that best captures the essence of the text.
51. Further, the state is by nature clearly prior to the family and to the individual, since the whole is of
necessity prior to the part; for example, if the whole body be destroyed, there will be no foot or hand,
except in an equivocal sense, as we might speak of a stone hand; for when destroyed the hand will be
no better than that. But things are defined by their working and power; and we ought not to say that they
are the same when they no longer have their proper quality, but only that they have the same name. The
proof that the state is a creation of nature and prior to the individual is that the individual, when isolated,
is not self-sufficing; and therefore he is like a part in relation to the whole.
(1) Nature is the most superior of all things since human beings are its creations. All other institutions
need nature to function and achieve their optimum efficiency.
(2) Man is a part in relation to the state, which can be considered as a whole. If the state is removed
then man will be unable to function and this makes the state prior and superior.
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(3) Utility of nature is dictated by who controls it. Human beings appear to control it, but in reality it is
the other way round.
(4) Human beings appear superior in their ability to mould nature according to their nature, but this is
possible only when they work in collaboration. This makes it possible for states to be created.
(5) One should always look at things in a holistic manner instead of looking at insignificant parts.
52. Herein lies an important lesson that I have learned in many years of paranormal investigations: What
people remember rarely corresponds to what actually happened. Case in point: A man named Guy
Savelli said that he had seen soldiers kill goats by staring at them, and that he himself had also done so.
But as the story unfolds I discovered that Savelli is recalling, years later, what he remembers about a
particular experiment with 30 numbered goats. Savelli randomly chose goat number 16 and gave it
his best death stare. But he couldnt concentrate that day, so he quit the experiment, only to be told later
that goat number 17 had died. End of story. No autopsy or explanation of the cause of death. No
information about how much time had elapsed; the conditions, like temperature, of the room into which
the 30 goats had been placed; how long they had been there, and so forth.
(1) Paranormal investigations are subjective and closely guarded.
(2) In paranormal investigations, people are seen to create versions that do not withstand questioning.
(3) People blank out paranormal events, thereby making paranormal investigations doubtful.
(4) In paranormal investigations, the issue of what is professed and what had happened are different
things.
(5) People take paranormal investigations lightly.
53. Counterfeiting is big business, but China needs to protect an even bigger one: Future investment in its
economy, both foreign and domestic. Always thinking ahead, Beijings leaders want state-of-the-art
investments from foreign companies to keep the countrys economy powering forward. And though
China seems to be getting its fair share of Western businesses willing to open research and development
centers and build factories producing high-tech goods, rampant piracy rightly gives many potential
investors pause. At the same time, a growing number of Chinese concerns are investing heavily in
R&D in an effort to become global brands. The last thing they need is massive rip-offs from domestic
counterfeiters. Foreign and Chinese investors alike should get together and step up the pressure on
Beijing to forcefully crack down or risk damaging the nations competitiveness.
(1) Although making fakes is a big business in Chinese economy it is likely to damage the countrys
future. The government needs to stop it so as to encourage more foreign investments and protect
the Chinese concerns against domestic counterfeiters.
(2) Although making fakes is a big business in Chinese economy it is likely to damage the countrys
future. At the same time, the presence of powerful companies which produce fake goods is putting
pressure on the government to discreetly encourage it.
(3) Chinese government is in a tough situation of trying to balance to the countrys foreign exchange
earnings with its brand image.
(4) Chinese government is likely to risk anti-populism if it seeks to make its economy counterfeits-
free.
(5) The Chinese government is really interested in increasing investment in its economy.
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54. Modernity comes from modo, meaning just now. Modernity is about novelty, the constant reworking
of nature into concepts, making, or as we say, creating, a thingless perceptual after-world. One of
these concepts is human equality, from which can come individualism the goal of the American
Constitution. The Constitution has a large-minded liberality of governance that sets limits so as to
contain humans, but sets them widely so as to give them space. The contrived newness or systematic
production of novelty characteristic of modernity elevates method over substance, and reason over
nature. It works well for us in politics, in procedural democracy, which is our political salvation, but
it leaves us vulnerable to eager beaver intellectuals and academics who want to reform us.
(1) Modernity puts an emphasis on consistently redefining concepts. In the context of the American
Constitution it makes sense in that this is appropriate in politics, but in other spheres it allows for
unnecessary redefinitions.
(2) Modernity means reworking old concepts into new. This makes sense in the American Constitution
but academics thereby get a reason to redefine the Constitution, which is uncalled for.
(3) Modernity is the means to an end but when the means become more important the ends become
vague. This is the case with American politics where academics have spoiled the concept of
procedural democracy.
(4) Academics are the upholders of modernity. This is due to the American Constitutions emphasis on
it and this leads to problems.
(5) The American constitution is based on the concepts of modernity. These concepts have been criticized
by the intellectuals.
55. It will be acknowledged, even by those that practise it not, that clear, and round dealing, is the honour
of mans nature; and that mixture of falsehoods, is like an alloy in the coin of gold and silver, which
may make the metal work better, but it embaseth it. For these winding, and crooked courses, are the
goings of the serpent; which goeth basely upon the belly, and not upon the feet. There is no vice, that
doth so cover a man with shame, as to be found false and perfidious. And therefore the reason why the
word of the lie should be such a disgrace, and such an odious charge is that if it be well weighed, to say
that a man lies, is as much to say, as that he is brave towards God, and a coward towards men. For a lie
faces God, and shrinks from man.
(1) Lies ruin a persons character in that they might be effective but the act of lying demeans the liar.
This shame is best expressed in terms of fear of God.
(2) Lies ruin a persons character in that they are effective but the act of lying demeans the liar. Lying is
a contradiction in that it means a person is more afraid of others, of his stature but less afraid of God,
a superior being who knows everything.
(3) Lies ruin a persons character in that he has to continuously think of ways to not get caught. But, in
the end God knows the truth and so his effort is redundant.
(4) Lies affect a person deeply both the liar and the one lied to. Eventually, God will persecute both of
them.
(5) Lies affect a persons character. The liar is constantly haunted by the fear of God and men.
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DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 56 to 60: for Questions 56 to 60: for Questions 56 to 60: for Questions 56 to 60: for Questions 56 to 60: Read the arguments given below and answer the questions that
follow.
56. The sands of Mars, which hold the biggest dunes in the solar system, could contain up to 50% snow and
ice, a US scientist told the British Association festival of science meeting in Dublin yesterday. The
discovery could be of enormous significance. President George Bush has named Mars as the destination
for a manned mission in the next 30 years. NASA and the European Space Agency both plan orbiter
missions and robot landings in the next decade. Researchers are also anxious to settle the dispute over
whether Mars was ever home to life, and whether microbial life could still endure beneath the soil.
Without water, there can be no life.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the view expressed in the passage?
(1) Sand dunes occur pretty much everywhere on planets.
(2) Years ago there were meteor showers at these locations on Mars; that indicates potential of finding
evidence of life in these sand dunes.
(3) Landmarks include huge alluvial fans in the sand, river-like drainage patterns, laminated sediments
of the kind found on Earth in the dry valleys of Antarctica.
(4) Mars periodically changes its tilt dramatically, increasing the severity and violence of its winters.
(5) None of the above.
57. Aromatherapy is a term coined by French chemist Ren Maurice Gattefoss in the 1920s to describe
the practice of using essential oils taken from plants, flowers, roots, seeds, etc., in healing. The term is
a bit misleading, since the aromas of oils, whether natural or synthetic, are generally not themselves
therapeutic. Aromas are used to identify the oils, to determine adulteration, and to stir the memory, but
not to directly bring about a cure or healing.
The above argument assumes that:
(1) The aroma of the oil gives it whatever therapeutic value it might have.
(2) Vapors are used in some but not all cases of aromatherapy.
(3) The oil is rubbed onto the skin or ingested in a tea or other liquid for healing.
(4) The healing power of essential oils is the main draw in aromatherapy.
(5) Herbs are also used in a type of aromatherapy.
58. In New York, advocates are pressing for passage of the Farmworkers Fair Labor Practices Act, which
would give these workers the rights that others have long taken for granted, as well as seek badly
needed improvements in safety and sanitary conditions in the fields. Domestic workers, meanwhile, are
seeking a Bill of Rights in Albany covering things like overtime pay, cost-of-living raises and health
benefits.
Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest support for the proposed legislations?
(1) These two classes are the worst sufferers of physical violence by their employers.
(2) The advocates will get an upper hand in the issues pertaining to human rights.
(3) The farm workers and the domestic workers have suffered long enough and they should be given
their dues by way of legislations.
(4) There is some ulterior motive behind the lawyers move.
(5) Certain rights should be given to everyone equally.
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59. No reports as yet of furious anti-bankers hurling bricks through business school windows. But business
schools the world over are licking their wounds after being as close as they probably ever will come to
being victims of a public witch-hunt. It is business schools, after all, which flooded the banking world
with graduates of their prestigious MBA courses. They then helped the economy to nosedive.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
(1) The current phase is a natural part of the cycle that economy goes through periodically.
(2) Something that goes up has to come down.
(3) Expensive MBA courses produce expensive management professionals.
(4) These MBAs are paid exorbitantly for their contribution to economy.
(5) The young MBA equipped with fancy degrees are responsible for the ills that are affecting the
economy.
60. The vast bulk of new public spending announced in global economic stimuli seems largely business
as usual, with major cash injections being directed towards banks and car companies rather than
renewable energy firms.
Which one of the following can be concluded from the statement given above?
(1) The new public spending will lead to decreased popularity of the government among masses.
(2) Announcement of global economic stimuli was a much awaited action.
(3) Car companies and banks are the biggest gainers in the process.
(4) The public spending has been expectedly biased towards certain industries.
(5) Other sectors required the cash injections equally.
DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS DIRECTIONS for Questions 61 to 75: for Questions 61 to 75: for Questions 61 to 75: for Questions 61 to 75: for Questions 61 to 75: The passages given below are followed by a set of questions. Choose
the most appropriate answer to each question.
PASSAGE - I PASSAGE - I PASSAGE - I PASSAGE - I PASSAGE - I
Isaiah Berlin argued in The Hedgehog and the Fox that some people were hedgehogs and knew only one
big thing, while others were foxes and knew many things. In this sense, for better or for worse, Americans are
hedgehogs and Europeans are foxes. Unlike in Europe, where, historically, there has been a viable mix of
competing ideologies, America has had only one ideology, derived from the political philosophy of Thomas
Hobbes. Although any political culture is highly intricate and nuanced, as a generalised argument it can be
safely posited that America is a Hobbesian nation. Further, since, for Americans, their essentially Hobbesian
gestalt is considered to be common sense, they are not really conscious of the role Hobbes plays in their
lives. Deeply, culturally grounded, American Hobbesianism affects all aspects of American life.
Essentially, Hobbes argues that human beings are autonomous, self-interested entities, always to be in
competition and collision with each other as they compete in a world of perpetual scarcity. Others are to be
used to get what one wants or else they are to be eliminated or bypassed as obstacles, particularly in the pre-
governmental state of nature. Any real, interpersonal, empathetic community is impossible. Since everyone
is out to get you, it is in your rational self-interest to create a government that will put a lid on interpersonal
warfare. This government will have the exclusive right to use physical force and establish the rules for daily
conflict, which, after the creation of the state, is now to be restricted essentially to socio-economic struggle.
Everyone will still be out to get you, but now, at least, they wont be able to kill you to get what you have at
least in theory. The catch was that this government (Leviathan) would have to be a dictatorship without any
limiting safeguards otherwise it would not be able to keep everybodys vicious warring egos in check.
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Locke (1632-1704)), did not believe that everyone was out to get you, but that there would always be some
people who would try to harm you. A government was still definitely needed to maintain order and protect
you, but since this government, as well as your neighbours, could also act to deprive you of your rights (life,
liberty, property), it would be best if this government were democratic so that the people could remove it if
it trampled their God-given freedom.
But Locke, one might say, is, in the end, only a nicer version of Hobbes. Like Hobbes, he also presumed
self-interest to be foundational. For Locke, as for Hobbes, the individual, not the community, is primal.
However, Locke assumed that most people would restrain their self-interest, submitting to the restricting
influence of church, family, neighbourhood, and so on. Should these institutions, however, no longer provide
such restraint, then Locke would really be left with Hobbes war of all against all. A Lockean socio-political
arrangement, then, is always perilously close to reverting to the Hobbesian roots of liberal social institutions
if self-restraint should weaken.
Although the American Founding Fathers knew their Hobbes well, as Hofstadter and others have made clear,
they adopted the more optimistic Locke as the principal theorist of their revolutionary democratic experiment;,
the founders established an America that is primarily Lockean in terms of its governmental structure.
However, unlike in Europe, Hobbesian-Lockean individualism, brought to America by the first British settlers,
never had to compete with countervailing socio-political paradigms
61. What are the interpretations of the author with reference to USA ?
(1) It is like a fox which is pretending to be a hedgehog and it follows questionable morals.
(2) It is like a hedgehog and the one idea which the country is obsessed with is Hobbesian-Lockean
scheme of things.
(3) Countries that get fixated on one idea do not survive in the long run.
(4) It follows Hobbesian principles but it is slowly changing under the influence of Europe.
(5) Despite the American Founding Fathers good knowledge of Hobbes they were forced to adopt the
Lockean idealism.
62. Which one of these is true regarding the differences between Locke and Hobbes in the way they
defined the dilemma of man and his relationship with the argument?
(1) Hobbes considered all men to be enemies of one another and Locke thought only the government
was the enemy.
(2) Hobbes considered the government to be checked by people and Locke believed in absolute power
for the government.
(3) Hobbes believed in a single source of threat for the individual whereas Locke considered this threat
to come from two sources.
(4) Hobbes was a believer in the eventual goodness of man whereas Locke believed in the innate evil
in all men.
(5) Hobbes believed in multiple sources of threat for the individual whereas Locke considered this
threat to come from a single source.
63. According to the passage, what scenario leads to a blurring of the boundary lines between Hobbes and
Lockes scheme of things?
(1) The application of Lockes thoughts in the USA has over decades created a Hobbesian system.
(2) Failure of community centers which lead to a dilution of the desire to promote self interest.
(3) Breakdown of the family which throws an individual into despair.
(4) A dictatorial execution of the Lockean tenets.
(5) The predominance of the joint-family structure in the American society.
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64. Why was Hobbes Leviathan a dictatorship?
(1) He believed in the freedom of the individual.
(2) Only such a government could fulfill its function properly.
(3) This would satisfy everyone involved.
(4) Those governed would not be able to do much in case of legal problems
(5) The key to happiness lies in the satisfaction of the individual component of the society.
PASSAGE - II PASSAGE - II PASSAGE - II PASSAGE - II PASSAGE - II
During the 1941-1942 tug of war for North Africa, the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra
information. Despite that Allied advantage, however, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier, more across-
the-board intelligence source. It was what Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, the legendary Desert Fox, called die
gute Quelle (the good source). It also was known as the little fellows or the little fellers, a play on the
name of its unwitting provider, Brevet Colonel Bonner Frank Fellers. Fellers, a 1918 West Point graduate who
previously had served in Americas embassy in Madrid, Spain, was the U.S. military attach in the Egyptian
capital of Cairo.
General Cesare Am, head of the Servizio Informazione Militari (SIM, Italys military intelligence), approved
a break-in of the still neutral American embassy in Rome in September 1941. The burglary team opened the
safe in the military attachs office.
Among the items inside were the Black Code (named after the color of its binding) and its super-encipherment
tables. The material, used by U.S. military attachs and ambassadors worldwide, was taken to SIM headquarters,
photographed and returned. The Italians now could read everything that the U.S. Ambassador telegraphed.
Although they were allied with Germany, the Italians only gave their Axis partner sanitized versions of the
American messages, not the code.
While the Nazis appreciated the Italian largess, they did not tell their ally that they had cracked the Black Code
in the meantime. By the fall of 1941, the German Chiffrierabteilung (military cipher branch) intercept stations
were snatching the dots and dashes of the Black Code from the airwaves.
Fellers was as dedicated as he was ambitious. Although it soon became apparent that he disliked the British,
they needed American support and went out of their way to give Fellers what he wanted.
Fellers composed long, usually pessimistic radiograms describing virtually everything he learned, encoded
them and filed them with the Egyptian Telegraph Company for transmission across the Atlantic to Washington.
Within an hour of their transmission from Cairo, the colonels Black Code messages found their way to
German cryptanalysts desks and into Rommels hands.
The British not only failed to frequently change their codes during this period but also displayed an unbelievable
lack of battlefield radio discipline. According to Rommels chief of staff, they were quite broad-minded in
making speeches during combat, and we had the possibility of making important conclusions from their
speeches.
Die gute Quelle kept pace with the advance of Rommels forces, now elevated to Panzerarmee status, along
Libyas northeastern shore. On January 29, for example, Rommel received a full summary of British armored
strength. With his 560 tanks (including 240 obsolete Italian ones) against his opponents 700, Rommel pre-
empted the Allies by unleashing a daring assault on May 26
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65. It can be inferred from the passage that the little fellers came to provide valuable information to the
Italians by
(1) aligning himself with the Germans for money
(2) playing a devious game with both the Germans and the Italians
(3) being deceived into doing so by his West Point classmate Rommel
(4) leaving the American code in his office
(5) falling prey to a counter-spy who made him believe the Nazis were fighting for a cause.
66. It can be inferred that the Germans came to use Fellers help by
(1) burglarizing the American attachs office and coming across the Black Code
(2) intercepting his telegraph signals since they were very detailed
(3) listening to his telegraph signals because they occurred at a higher frequency
(4) paying the Italians to hand over the code
(5) planting a mole in the American embassy.
67. The author has mentioned Fellers as an individual who
(1) Mistakenly played a big role in letting out his countrys secrets
(2) Was misled into giving out the code
(3) Was out of place in a brutal war
(4) Felt torn between his love for humanity and his loyalty to his country
(5) Deliberately gave his countrys secret to the enemy.
68. It can be inferred that the German offensive mainly utilized the information coming from
(1) The intercepted radio signals from Fellers
(2) The expertise of Rommel and his commanders
(3) The British armoured commanders
(4) General Rommel
(5) General Cesare Ame
69. Which of these best describes the authors tone in the passage?
(1) Anti-American
(2) Anti-war
(3) Narrative
(4) Nostalgic
(5) Anti-Fellers
PASSAGE - III PASSAGE - III PASSAGE - III PASSAGE - III PASSAGE - III
The first painting I ever bought was by Sheila Fell. I went to her studio in Redcliffe Square feeling uncomfortable
and even embarrassed, thinking how awful to be an artist, having to put up with prospective buyers coming to
gape, whereas writers never need to see anyone read their books. I kept wishing, all the way up the steep
flights of stairs, that I could go and look without Sheila being there. I imagined she must be feeling the same.
I was wrong. Sheila didnt care who looked at her paintings or what they thought of them or whether she sold
them. She was perfectly at ease, seemed to me to enjoy showing her work. There was a confidence about
how she propped up canvas after canvas that made me in turn relax. I dont know why Id been so apprehensive
after all, we had Cumberland in common, there was no need for me to explain why I was drawn to her work.
What I missed, exiled in London, she missed: the landscape of where we had both been born and brought up.
The painting was of a haystack in a field. The haystack had clearly just been made, it was golden and the field
flooded with a red-gold light, the whole atmosphere mellow and rich.
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It was a large painting and I realized as soon as it arrived at my home that however much I loved it I had no
wall and no room to do it justice. I put it on the largest wall we had in the biggest room and still I felt I was
insulting it the power of the picture was too huge to be contained in our ordinary house. And the light was
wrong. The painting couldnt glow, as it wanted to it needed a vast, empty room and a great distance in
front of it. One day, I hoped Id take it back to Cumberland and find a house there where it could settle
happily. But when, after thirty years, we found that house, the painting was failed again. The walls were no
bigger and neither were the rooms. So I sold the painting and bought another, smaller Sheila Fell.
It was a terrible mistake. The moment the painting had been taken away I realized how stupid Id been. So it
had been overwhelming, too large, too dramatic to contain in either house but I shouldnt have let that matter,
I should have found a way to keep it. I grieved for it and wished I could buy it back, marry it again after the
folly of a divorce. But it was too late. And then, in 1990, I went to the Sheila Fell Exhibition at the Royal
Academy and there, in pride of place, at the end of the longest room, the room it had always needed, was my
painting. Its beauty was stunning. People stopped and stared and admired and I wanted to shout that what
they were looking at was mine. I am not at all possessive by nature but suddenly I felt fiercely possessive.
This glorious painting had been part of my life for so very long and I didnt seem to be able to grasp that I had
willfully let it go.
I went back to the exhibition day after day and on the last became almost maudlin at saying my good-byes, I
dont know who own the painting now it merely said Private Collection in the catalog but I doubt if Ill
ever see it again. In a way, thats better than being able to go and look at it hanging in a public gallery Id
only go on torturing myself with wanting back. I can see every detail of it in my minds eye anyway. It lives
in my head. I can recite it like a poem, and so in a sense I can never lose it.
70. Which statement best summarizes the description of the hypothetical group of people in the first paragraph
compared with that of the actual group in the fifth paragraph?
(1) The first is uneducated, the second had professional training.
(2) The first slights the artist; the second is overly respectful.
(3) The first is somewhat intrusive; the second is apparently appreciative.
(4) The first rejects the artists methodology; the second praises it.
(5) The first adulates the artist; the second disdains her.
71. The central contrast between the first paragraph and the second is best described as:
(1) Idealism versus practicality
(2) Expectations versus reality
(3) Speculation versus investigation
(4) Anticipation versus disappointment
(5) None of the above
72. In the fifth paragraph, the metaphor describing folly suggests that paintings can
(1) bring back painful memories of what they depict
(2) reinforce misleading recollections of childhood places
(3) arouse strong emotions in their owners
(4) provoke artists to make premature decisions
(5) arouse contempt towards the viewers in their owners
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73. In the closing paragraphs, the narrator uses the language of human interaction in describing the painting
in order to emphasize the
(1) empathy she feels with its creator
(2) difficulty she encounters in maintaining it
(3) pressure she feels to divorce it
(4) extent to which she feels its loss
(5) All of the above
74. The passage serves mainly to
(1) discuss the influence of environment on artistic achievement
(2) defend the works of a controversial artist
(3) explore the emotional context of a particular series of events
(4) argue against placing undue emphasis on the economic value of art
(5) argue against being emotionally attached to a particular object
75. In the last paragraph, the word maudlin would come closest in meaning to
(1) contentious
(2) sentimental
(3) derisive
(4) critical
(5) nonchalant