Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-3

1.
1.1

MAINTENANCE
Maintenance period It is recommended that products supplied by AREVA T&D receive periodic monitoring after installation. As with all products some deterioration with time is inevitable. In view of the critical nature of protective relays and their infrequent operation, it is desirable to confirm that they are operating correctly at regular intervals. AREVA T&D protective relays are designed for life in excess of 20 years. MiCOM P34x generator relays are self-supervising and so require less maintenance than earlier designs of relay. Most problems will result in an alarm so that remedial action can be taken. However, some periodic tests should be done to ensure that the relay is functioning correctly and the external wiring is intact. If a Preventative Maintenance Policy exists within the customers organization then the recommended product checks should be included in the regular program. Maintenance periods will depend on many factors, such as: The operating environment The accessibility of the site The amount of available manpower The importance of the installation in the power system The consequences of failure

1.2

Maintenance checks Although some functionality checks can be performed from a remote location by utilizing the communications ability of the relays, these are predominantly restricted to checking that the relay is measuring the applied currents and voltages accurately, and checking the circuit breaker maintenance counters. Therefore it is recommended that maintenance checks are performed locally (that is at the substation itself). Before carrying out any work on the equipment, the user should be familiar with the contents of the Safety and technical data sections and the ratings on the equipments rating label. Before carrying out any work on the equipment the user should be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section/Safety Guide SFTY/4LM/G11 or later issue and the ratings on the equipments rating label. If a MiCOM P391 is used the user should additionally be familiar with the ratings and warning statements in the MiCOM P391 technical manual sections.

MT

1.2.1

Alarms The alarm status LED should first be checked to identify if any alarm conditions exist. If so, press the read key [] repeatedly to step through the alarms. Clear the alarms to extinguish the LED.

1.2.2

Opto-isolators The opto-isolated inputs can be checked to ensure that the relay responds to their energization by repeating the commissioning test detailed in section 5.2.6 of P34x/EN CM.

1.2.3

Output relays The output relays can be checked to ensure that they operate by repeating the commissioning test detailed in section 5.2.7 of P34x/EN CM.

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-4 1.2.4 Measurement accuracy

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391

If the power system is energized, the values measured by the relay can be compared with known system values to check that they are in the approximate range that is expected. If they are then the analog/digital conversion and calculations are being performed correctly by the relay. Suitable test methods can be found in sections 7.1 and 7.2 of P34x/EN CM. Alternatively, the values measured by the relay can be checked against known values injected into the relay via the test block, if fitted, or injected directly into the relay terminals. Suitable test methods can be found in sections 5.2.13 and 5.2.14 of P34x/EN CM. These tests will prove the calibration accuracy is being maintained. 1.3 MiCOM P34x method of repair If the relay should develop a fault whilst in service, depending on the nature of the fault, the watchdog contacts will change state and an alarm condition will be flagged. Due to the extensive use of surface-mount components faulty PCBs should be replaced as it is not possible to perform repairs on damaged circuits. Therefore either the complete relay or just the faulty PCB, identified by the in-built diagnostic software, can be replaced. Advice about identifying the faulty PCB can be found in the Troublshooting chapter P34x/EN TS. The preferred method is to replace the complete relay as it ensures that the internal circuitry is protected against electrostatic discharge and physical damage at all times and overcomes the possibility of incompatibility between replacement PCBs. However, it may be difficult to remove an installed relay due to limited access in the back of the cubicle and rigidity of the scheme wiring. Replacing PCBs can reduce transport costs but requires clean, dry conditions on site and higher skills from the person performing the repair. However, if the repair is not performed by an approved service center, the warranty will be invalidated. Before carrying out any work on the equipment the user should be familiar with the contents of the Safety Section/Safety Guide SFTY/4LM/G11 or later issue and the ratings on the equipments rating label. This should ensure that no damage is caused by incorrect handling of the electronic components. 1.3.1 Replacing the complete relay The case and rear terminal blocks have been designed to facilitate removal of the complete relay should replacement or repair become necessary without having to disconnect the scheme wiring.

MT

Before working at the rear of the relay, isolate all voltage and current supplies to the relay. Note: The MiCOM range of relays have integral current transformer shorting switches which will close when the heavy duty terminal block is removed.

Disconnect the relay earth connection from the rear of the relay.

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

RTD input terminal blocks

Heavy duty terminal block

Medium duty terminal block


P2017ENA

Figure 1:

Location of securing screws for terminal blocks

There are three types of terminal block used on the relay, RTD/CLIO input, heavy duty and medium duty, which are fastened to the rear panel using screws (crosshead on the heavy and medium duty blocks, slotted on RTD/CLIO input blocks), as in Figure 1. Note: The use of a magnetic bladed screwdriver is recommended to minimize the risk of the screws being left in the terminal block or lost.

Without exerting excessive force or damaging the scheme wiring, pull the terminal blocks away from their internal connectors. Remove the screws used to fasten the relay to the panel, rack, etc. These are the screws with the larger diameter heads that are accessible with the access covers are fitted and open. If the top and bottom access covers have been removed, do not remove the screws with the smaller diameter heads which are accessible. These screws hold the front panel on the relay. Withdraw the relay from the panel, rack, etc. carefully because it will be heavy due to the internal transformers, particularly in the case of a P343/4/5 relay. To reinstall the repaired or replacement relay follow the above instructions in reverse, ensuring that each terminal block is relocated in the correct position and the case earth, IRIG-B and fiber optic connections are replaced. To facilitate easy identification of each terminal block, they are labeled alphabetically with A on the left hand side when viewed from the rear. Once reinstallation is complete the relay should be recommissioned using the instructions in the Commissioning chapter P34x/EN CM.

MT

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-6 1.3.2 Replacing a PCB

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391

Replacing printed circuit boards and other internal components of protective relays must be undertaken only by Service Centers approved by AREVA T&D. Failure to obtain the authorization of AREVA T&D After Sales Engineers prior to commencing work may invalidate the product warranty. AREVA T&D Automation Support teams are available world-wide, and it is strongly recommended that any repairs be entrusted to those trained personnel. If the relay fails to operate correctly refer to the P34x/EN TS, to help determine which PCB has become faulty. Troublshooting chapter

To replace any of the relays PCBs it is necessary to first remove the front panel. Before removing the front panel to replace a PCB the auxiliary supply must be removed. It is also strongly recommended that the voltage and current transformer connections and trip circuit are isolated. Open the top and bottom access covers. With size 60TE/80TE cases the access covers have two hinge-assistance T-pieces which clear the front panel molding when the access covers are opened by more than 90, therefore allowing their removal. If fitted, remove the transparent secondary front cover. A description of how to do this is given in document Introduction. By applying outward pressure to the middle of the access covers, they can be bowed sufficiently so as to disengage the hinge lug allowing the access cover to be removed. The screws that fasten the front panel to the case are now accessible. The size 40TE case has four crosshead screws fastening the front panel to the case, one in each corner, in recessed holes. The size 60TE/80TE case has an additional two screws, one midway along each of the top and bottom edges of the front plate. Undo and remove the screws. Do not remove the screws with the larger diameter heads which are accessible when the access covers are fitted and open. These screws hold the relay in its mounting (panel or cubicle). When the screws have been removed, the complete front panel can be pulled forward and separated from the metal case.

MT

Caution should be observed at this stage because the front panel is connected to the rest of the relay circuitry by a 64-way ribbon cable. Additionally, from here on, the internal circuitry of the relay is exposed and not protected against electrostatic discharges, dust ingress, etc. Therefore ESD precautions and clean working conditions should be maintained at all times. The ribbon cable is fastened to the front panel using an IDC connector; a socket on the cable itself and a plug with locking latches on the front panel. Gently push the two locking latches outwards which will eject the connector socket slightly. Remove the socket from the plug to disconnect the front panel. The PCBs within the relay are now accessible. Figures 63 to 73 in chapter P34x/EN IN show the PCB locations for the generator relays in the size 40TE case (P342), size 60TE case (P342 and P343) and size 80TE case (P343/4/5) respectively. Note: The numbers above the case outline identify the guide slot reference for each printed circuit board. Each printed circuit board has a label stating the corresponding guide slot number to ensure correct re-location after removal. To serve as a reminder of the slot numbering there is a label on the rear of the front panel metallic screen.

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-7

The 64-way ribbon cable to the front panel also provides the electrical connections between PCBs with the connections being via IDC connectors. The slots inside the case to hold the PCBs securely in place each correspond to a rear terminal block. Looking from the front of the relay these terminal blocks are labeled from right to left. Note: To ensure compatibility, always replace a faulty PCB with one of an identical part number. Table 1 lists the part numbers of each PCB type. Part number ZN0006 001 ZN0026 001 P345 only (24/48V dc) (48/125V dc) (110/250V dc) Power supply board (24/48V dc) (48/125V dc) (110/250V dc) Relay board Relay board Relay board Relay board Opto board Opto board Dual char. opto board Dual input/output board Dual char. input/output board IRIG-B board (comms. assy.) 7 Relay contacts 7 Relay contacts 8 Relay contacts 4 high break contacts 8 Opto inputs 8 Opto inputs 8 Opto inputs 4 Opto inputs + 4 relay contacts 4 Opto inputs + 4 relay contacts (IRIG-B modulated input only) (Fiber optic port only) (IRIG-B input modulated with fiber optic port) RTD board RTD board 2nd rear comms. board 2nd rear comms. board Ethernet board 10 RTDs 10 RTDs (2 rear comms with IRIG-B modulated) (2nd rear comms port only) (Ethernet port only) (Ethernet with IRIG-B modulated) (Ethernet with IRIG-B de-modulated)
nd

PCB Main processor board Main processor board Main processor board Power supply board

Design suffix A/B/C J K A/B A/B A/B C/J/K C/J/K C/J/K A B/C/J B/C/J/K J/K A B/C J/K B/C J A/B/C/J/K A/B/C/J/K A/B/C/J/K A/B/C/J J/K C/J/K C/J/K J/K J/K J/K

ZN0041 001 ZN0001 001 ZN0001 002 ZN0001 003 ZN0021 001 ZN0021 002 ZN0021 003 ZN0002 001 ZN0031 001 ZN0019 001 ZN0042 001 ZN0005 002 ZN0017 002 ZN0017 012 ZN0028 002 ZN0028 011 ZN0007 001 ZN0007 002 ZN0007 003 ZN0010 001 ZN0044 001 ZN0025 001 ZN0025 002 ZN0049 001 ZN0049 002 ZN0049 003

MT

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-8 PCB (IRIG-B de-modulated input only) CLIO board Transformer board Auxiliary transformer board Auxiliary transformer board Input board Input board Dual char. input board Dual char. input board Input module (transformer + auxiliary transformer + input board) P345 only 8 Opto inputs 8 Opto inputs 8 Opto inputs 8 Opto inputs (P345 only) P341 Vn = 100/120V P341 Vn = 380/480V P342 Vn = 100/120V P342 Vn = 380/480V P343 Vn = 100/120V P343 Vn = 380/480V P341 Vn = 100/120V P341 Vn = 380/480V P342 Vn = 100/120V P342 Vn = 380/480V P343 Vn = 100/120V P343 Vn = 380/480V 4 inputs + 4 outputs

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391 Part number ZN0049 004 ZN0018 001 ZN0004 001 ZN0011 001 ZN0052 001 ZN0005 001 ZN0017 001 ZN0017 011 ZN0051 001/2 Design suffix J/K C/J/K A/B/C/J/K A/B/C/J K A B/C J K

GN0010 004 GN0010 008 GN0010 009 GN0010 010 GN0012 002 GN0012 003 GN0010 024 GN0010 028 GN0010 029 GN0010 030 GN0012 009 GN0012 010 GN0010 078 GN0010 079 GN0010 080 GN0010 081 GN0012 024 GN0012 025 GN0012 026 GN0012 027 GN0407 001/2 GN0407 003/4 ZN0066 001 ZN0064 001

A A A A A A B/C B/C B/C B/C B/C B/C J J J J J J J J K K A A

MT

P341 Vn = 100/120V P341 Vn = 380/480V P342 Vn = 100/120V P342 Vn = 380/480V P343 Vn = 100/120V P343 Vn = 380/480V P344 Vn = 380/480V P344 Vn = 380/480V P345 Vn = 100/120V P345 Vn = 380/480V Measurement board Coupling resistor board Table 1: P391 P391

PCB part numbers

Maintenance MiCOM P342, P343, P344, P345 & P391 1.3.2.1 Replacement of the main processor board

P34x/EN MT/I76 (MT) 11-9

The main processor board is located in the front panel, not within the case as with all the other PCBs. Place the front panel with the user interface face-down and remove the six screws from the metallic screen, as shown in Figure 2. Remove the metal plate. There are two further screws, one each side of the rear of the battery compartment recess, that hold the main processor PCB in position. Remove these screws. The user interface keypad is connected to the main processor board via a flex-strip ribbon cable. Carefully disconnect the ribbon cable at the PCB-mounted connector as it could easily be damaged by excessive twisting.

P2020ENA

Figure 2:

Front panel assembly

The front panel can then be re-assembled with a replacement PCB using the reverse procedure. Ensure that the ribbon cable is reconnected to the main processor board and all eight screws are re-fitted. Refit the front panel using the reverse procedure to that given in section 1.3.2. After refitting and closing the access covers on size 60TE cases, press at the location of the hinge-assistance T-pieces so that they click back into the front panel molding. After replacement of the main processor board, all the settings required for the application will need to be re-entered. Therefore, it is useful if an electronic copy of the application-specific settings is available on disk. Although this is not essential, it can reduce the time taken to re-enter the settings and hence the time the protection is out of service. Once the relay has been reassembled after repair, it should be recommissioned in accordance with the instructions in sections 1 to 7 of this chapter.

MT