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TEST 2 PART A

Surname

Name

American Academy Larnaca


Year 5 Physics
Semester 1

Test 2

Unit P2

Physics for your future

Topic 3
P2.16

Motions and forces


Stopping distances

Friday 13 December 2013


Part B

Time: 20 minutes

The total marks for this part is 20.


The total marks for the paper is 40.
The marks for each question are shown in square brackets.
Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.
Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication
will be assessed.
You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression,
on these questions.
Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
There may be more space than you need.

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART A
FORMULAE
You may find theses formulae useful
charge = current time

Q=It

potential difference = current resistance

V=IR

electrical power = current potential difference

P=IV

energy transferred = current potential difference time

E=IVt

force = mass acceleration

F=ma

weight = mass gravitational field strength

W=mg

momentum = mass velocity

p=mv

work done = force distance moved in the direction of the force

E=Fd

GPE = m g h

Do not forget to include units in all your answers.

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART A
1.

A rabbit runs across the road in front of a car.


The driver applies the brakes.

State three factors that affect the chance of the rabbit escaping without being hit.

.
3
.

[Total for Question 1 = 3 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Circle the vector quantities from the list below:

Acceleration

Force

Distance

Time

Air resistance

Displacement

[Total for Question 2 = 2 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________

(Turn over)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART A
3. A crane is lifting a heavy block from the ground to the top of a building.

This is the velocity/time graph for the block as it travels upwards.

a. i. For how many seconds is the block moving at a constant velocity?


N

(Turn over)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

(1)
.

TEST 2 PART A
This diagram shows one of the forces acting on the block.

ii. Draw an arrow on the diagram to represent the weight of the block.
(1)
iii. Complete the sentence by putting a cross in the box next to your answer.
When the block is moving upwards at constant velocity, the resultant force on the block is
(1)
A

upwards and equal to its weight

downwards and equal to its weight

upwards and more than its weight

zero

b. Explain why the upward force from the cable during the first 2 seconds is greater than the
upward force for the next 4 seconds.
(2)

[Total for Question 3 = 5 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
4.

: T
q
and opposite reaction.
Jose argues that, in that case, the resultant force on an object must always be zero and so it can
never be moved.
Explain what is wrong

(2)

[Total for Question 4 = 2 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS
5

TEST 2 PART A
5.

The Apollo 15 mission landed on the Moon in 1971.


The astronaut David Scott dropped a hammer and a feather.
They were released from rest at the same time and from the same height.
The hammer and the feather landed at the same time.

a.

The graph shows how the velocity of the hammer changed with time up to 1.26 seconds.

i. Use the graph to calculate the acceleration due to gravity on the Moon
(2)

A
YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

..

TEST 2 PART A
ii. Use the graph to calculate the height the hammer was dropped from.
(2)

H
*b.

If the same experiment is carried out on Earth, air resistance affects both objects.
The feather reaches the ground after the hammer, even though the force of air resistance is smaller
on the feather than on the hammer.
Explain why the feather reaches the ground after the hammer.

(4)

[Total for Question 5 = 8 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
TOTAL FOR PART A = 20 MARKS
_______________________________________________________________________________________
END
YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
Surname

Name

American Academy Larnaca


Year 5 Physics
Semester 1

Test 2

Unit P2

Physics for your future

Topic 3
P2.16

Motions and forces


Stopping distances

Friday 13 December 2013


Part B

Time: 20 minutes

The total marks for this part is 20.


The total marks for the paper is 40.
The marks for each question are shown in square brackets.
Use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question.
Questions labelled with an asterisk (*) are ones where the quality of your written communication
will be assessed.
You should take particular care with your spelling and grammar, as well as the clarity of expression,
on these questions.
Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
There may be more space than you need.

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
FORMULAE
You may find theses formulae useful
charge = current time

Q=It

potential difference = current resistance

V=IR

electrical power = current potential difference

P=IV

energy transferred = current potential difference time

E=IVt

force = mass acceleration

F=ma

weight = mass gravitational field strength

W=mg

momentum = mass velocity

p=mv

work done = force distance moved in the direction of the force

E=Fd

GPE = m g h

Do not forget to include units in all your answers.

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
1.

Figure 1 shows a rollercoaster train that is being accelerated when is pulled horizontally by a cable.

a. The train accelerates from rest to a speed of 58 ms-2 in 3.5 s.


Calculate the acceleration of the train.
(2)

.
b. The mass of the fully loaded train is 5800 kg.
Calculate the resultant force as the train is accelerated.
(2)

[Total for Question 1 = 4 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Dan, Ellie and Fleur are pushing a large crate.
The diagram shows the size and direction of the forces they are using.

Fleur 50N
Ellie 250N

crate
Dan 120N

What is the resultant of these forces on the crate?


A

420 N

420 N to the left

80 N

80 N to the right
[Total for Question 2 = 1 mark]

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
3.

Relief agencies send supplies to disaster areas.


When the area cannot be reached by road, the supplies are dropped in boxes attached to
parachutes.

The graph shows the vertical speed of a box of supplies as it falls towards the ground.
The time starts when the box leaves the plane.

a.

Explain, in terms of forces, why the speed of the box increases in the first 6 seconds.
(2)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
b.

i. One section of the graph shows when the forces on the box are balanced.
Suggest a time when the forces on the box are balanced.
(1)

ii. Explain why you chose this time.


(1)

[Total for Question 3 = 4 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
4.

The distance-time graphs shown represent different types of motion.

Graph A

Graph B

a. Label the axes of the graphs:


(1)
x axis:_____________________
y axis:_____________________

b. Four types of motion are listed:


acceleration

deceleration

constant speed

stationary

Label the two graphs from the four types of motion.


(2)
Graph A:____________________
Graph B:____________________
[Total for Question 4 = 3 marks]
_______________________________________________________________________________________

(Turn over)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
5.

Explain the difference between velocity and speed.


(2)

[Total for Question 5 = 2 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________

6.

The diagram shows the driving force on a sports car as it moves along a race track.

a. Name two forces that oppose the driving force.


(2)

..

(Turn over)

YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

TEST 2 PART B
*b. As the car travels further along the track, its acceleration changes as shown.

*b. The acceleration changes even though the driving force does not change.
Which feature of the graph shows that the acceleration changes?
Suggest possible reasons for this change in acceleration.
(4)

[Total for Question 6 = 6 marks]


_______________________________________________________________________________________
TOTAL FOR PART A = 20 MARKS
_______________________________________________________________________________________
END
YEAR 5 TRIPLE SCIENCE PHYSICS

Part A
1.
Any three from:

2.

acceleration force displacement air resistance


0.5 marks for each correct answer

3.

a.

b.

i. 16 s
ii. downward arrow starting at center of the block
iii. D (zero)
Any two:
- In first 2 seconds the block is accelerating or speeding up
- that requires a resultant force
- in next 4 seconds forces are balanced
- because velocity is constant

4.

- The forces act on different bodies (1)


- Therefore cannot cancel out / there is only one force acting on the body [consequent]

5.

a.

b.

- gradient of graph
- a = 2/1.26 = 1.6 ms-2 (if no unit -0.5marks)
ii.
- area under graph
- 0.5*1.26*2 = 1.26m (if no unit -0.5marks)
1-2 marks:
Refers to both objects having weight and air resistance acting on them.
3-4 marks:
Air resistance on hammer is small/negligible cf its weight so acceleration approx. g./large. For feather air
resistance is/becomes large/similar to weight. Accelaration << g etc.

Part B
1.
a.
b.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.

D
a.

- a=(v-u)/t
- a=17ms-2 (if no unit -0.5)
- F=ma
- F= 98600/99000 N (if no unit -0.5)

- idea that forces are unbalanced


- weight greater than air resistance
b.
i. anytime between 8 and 12 s / allow 7.8 -12 / (Allow for 4.2s)
ii. speed constant / no acceleration / no change in speed / terminal velocity / horizontal line
a.
x: time and y: distance (0.5 mark each)
b.
A: stationary and B: constant speed
- velocity is a vector
- speed is not/ scalar/ does not have direction/only size
a. any two: braking force / friction / air resistance or drag
b.
1-2 marks:
- gradient changes
- increase in air resistance
3-4 marks:
- decrease in resultant force
- road becomes steeper / goes uphill