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Document 1 - "Kill the foreign devils! . . Kill! Kill! Kill!

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Luella Miner was among the foreigners besieged by the Boxers in
Peking. She was a professor at the American College at Tungchau,
China located at the outskirts of Peking. She was held captive for over
a year, with very little food and only a book and pencil to make the day
go by.
June 15: About ten o'clock the most horrible noise began in the southern city, just on the
opposite side of the city wall. It was a horde of Boxers going through their rites, burning
incense, crying, "Kill the foreign devils! Kill the secondary foreign devils! (Christians).
Kill! Kill! Kill!" They called other things, but I could only distinguish the "kill!" There
may have been from twenty to fifty thousand voices, not all Boxers, but they definitely
were all Chinese welling that mad tumult. After two or three hours the noise suddenly
ceased. The Boxers in their indiscriminate pillaging had looted a British bank. The
British soldiers gathered there were all killed instantly.
September 5: I overheard two Chinese Boxers talking today. One soldier stated the
Boxers have now stolen from over 50 banks belonging to the devils. I also overheard,
although I dont believe it, the soldiers saying the Boxers were responsible for over
100,000 missionaries deaths, and the killing of many Chinese people who sympathized
with the foreigners. In another two months, China will be reclaimed the soldier said.
What will become of me? Until tomorrow.
September 7: I watched from my window as I saw the Boxers train. They only used their
fists. They kicked hard as they let out a ferocious sound. They punched like they could
take the soul from the body they hit. They were very focused. Not even the nearby bird
chirping could draw their attention away from their drive.
1) Based on Luella Miners testimony, how were the Boxers
planning to free China and remove foreign influence? Do you
think their plan will work? Why or why not?
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Document 2 - Chinas Hardships and the Boxer Rebellion


(Adapted from Robert Kraske: Crystals of Life)
Defeated and embarrassed by westerners, the Chinese looked for
ways to return China to its days of glory. In 1894, the Chinese began to
send officials to England to study western technology and medicine.
By 1896, using their new knowledge, China began setting up factories
to make items quicker, and make modern (present-day) weapons.
They developed steam-powered ships, built railroads, and began
work in Chinese mines to search for coal. Additionally, the Chinese
translated Western European literature, science, medicine, and laws.
They wanted to learn Western technology, science, and medicine.
They made the laws more simpler, so all people, educated or not,
could understand it. They got rid of corrupt government officials, and
replaced them. The new government built schools that were free for all
children to attend. Military training camps was set up to teach soldiers
how to fight, use new weapons like machine guns, and how to
perform first aid. Most Chinese however didnt want to replace
Chinese traditions with those of the British So by 1899, five years later,
the Chinese thought they were educated, powerful, and ready to
remove the British from the Europe; or so they thought.

2) According to Kraska, how did China attempt to get rid of Westerners


in China? Will this plan work? Why or why not?
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Anti-European feelings finally exploded in the Boxer Uprising. In
1899, a group of Chinese had formed a secret society, the Righteous
Harmonious Fists. Westerners watching them train with their fists
in martial arts gave them the title of Boxers. Their goals was to
remove the European devils who was ruining China, by bringing
with them their strange culture, machines, weapons, outfits, religion,
and language. The Boxers attacked the Europeans in China. In
response to the Boxer Rebellion, seven European imperialists and
the United States united together, and crushed the Boxers. Against a
united Europe and U.S., the Boxers did not stand a chance. China
once again had to admit defeat to Europeans. However, it was a
wakeup call. If the Chinese wanted to compete with the Europeans,

they would have to westernize, at least temporarily. Although the


Boxer Rebellion failed, the flames of Chinese nationalism spread.
Reformers wanted to continue to strengthen China. The Chinese held
onto the belief that one day in the near future, China would have
enough resources and power to remove the Western devils, and
reclaim (take back) Chinas glory.
3) What was the goal of the Boxer rebellion? Were the Boxers
successful? Why or why not? Could the Boxer rebellion succeeded?
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Part 2 Directions Read the following questions, and choose the best
answer choice for each question.
1) Both the Sepoy Mutiny in India and the Boxer Rebellion in China
attempted to
A) end European domination
B) stop the trading of illegal drugs and goods
C) promote imperialism
D) resist Mongol control
2) Western imperialists nations tried to modernize lands they
conquered in Asia and Africa by
A) adopting the cultural traditions of its people
B) imposing western culture on the people they ruled
C) encouraging subject people to keep their own traditions
D) showing no interest in the cultures of subject people
3) The Boxer rebellion in China resulted in
A) the economic isolation of China
B) an increase in Chinese influence in Asia
C) the beginning of democratic governments in China and Japan
D) an increase in Western trade and influence in Asia
4) The Sepoy Mutiny is to India as the Boxer Rebellion is to
A) China
B) Iran
C) Japan
D) Italy
5) One similarity between the Sepoy Mutiny and the Boxer rebellion is

that they
A) opposed European imperialism
B) ended an established dynasty
C) resulted in the redistribution of land
D) instituted communist governments

Part 3 - Extra Credit if done with Part 1 and 2 ONLY. Answer one or
all questions below for EXTRA CREDIT. Be specific, use evidence, and

explain yourself.
4) The Chinese refused to become westernized. If you have been
living in China in the 1800s, would you want to become
westernized? Why or why not?
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5) The Chinese began modernizing their country in 1896. They rebelled
only three years after that. If the Chinese and Boxers waited another

20 years, would they have been more successful? Or would they have
suffered the same fate? Explain!

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