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Real-time wellbore stability monitoring.

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Real-time wellbore stability monitoring.

Preferred Lesson Type: Drilling

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Drilling Briefing Lesson Title * Market Segment * Real-time wellbore stability monitoring. Conventional oil and gas Markets; Deepwater Markets; Geothermal Energy Markets; Other Markets; Unconventional Gas; Unconventional Oil Borehole Imaging; ECD Management; Wellbore Integrity Management; Wellbore Strengthening ARAMCO SAUDI ARABIA Yes Field Status Ghazal Under SME Review Discipline *

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Hole Cleaning Hydraulics; drilling efficiency; operating parameter control and optimization; Borehole Stresses; Failure Modes; Stress Coordinates Borehole Instability - Fractured Rock

Applications Client * Country * Confidential

Problem Diagnosis

Job Reference SAP Sales Order Number Job Reference - D & E Run No in MaPs MAPS/JDS Location 4 Al Khobar (KSA) MAPS/JDS Reference 5013580

Well & Rig Information Well Name Onshore/Offshore Spud Date Rig Name Water Depth Well Class - D&E Location Specific Well Type Downhole Environment Description Definition GHZL_42_1 Onshore 10/29/2012 DPS-43 m Latitude Longitude Well Depth Remote Onshore (Y/N) N E 24 48 7' 9' 58.790 " 59.120 "

4244.99 m



Real-time wellbore stability monitoring.

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Azimuth any In Out 319 322

Drilling Fluid Density 1.19 sg 1.19 sg Sandstone

Pore Pressure (EMW) sg sg

Over Balance

Inclination 71.96 79.4 Hole Diameter

Depth MD 4245.26 m 4347.97 m 149.09 mm

Depth,TVD 4091.94 m 4118.76 m

Lithology Summary

Additional Information

Drilling System Information Bit Name Bit Diameter Max DLS Non steel pipe components String/Tubular Editor Grade Casing Liner Drill Pipe Drill Collar Coiled Tubing Tubing Measurement & Data Fields String/Tubular Editor Measurements OD Casing Liner Drill Pipe Drill Collar Coiled Tubing Tubing 244.6 mm 177.8 mm 101.6 mm mm mm mm ID 214.12 mm 154.68 mm 84.83 mm mm mm mm Length 3585.06 m 814.73 m m mm m m kg/m Weight 26.48 kg/m 17.23 kg/m 7.1 kg/m kg/m Liner Top Depth Dominant Drill Pipe Diameter Dominant Drill Collar Diameter Coiled Tubing Wall Thickness Tubing Depth 3429.92 m 139.69 mm mm mm m VM95-HCS S-135 Connector Thread Type HCM407Z 149.09 mm 4 deg/30m Non-magnetic Part No Cutter Size 13 mm Links To

BHI Classification Well Classification Dominant Well Geometry Well Objective Horizontal Well Well; ; Directional 2D J J-Shap Shap e; Production Well Well; ; Downhole Environment Well Type Conventional Conventional; ; SideTracK SideTracK Well Well; ;



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Rig Classification Rig Type Drilling System Classification Conventional drilling equipment (non BHI) Generic IADC Bit Classification Generic BHA Configuration Rotary Steerable System System; ; Land Land rig (large); ; Rig Equipments & Systems Topdrive; ;

Problem Root Cause and Practices Classification Operating Procedures and Practices Product Segment and Family Classification Automated Drilling Systems Conventional Drilling Systems Coiled tubing & Re-entry Drilling Systems Casing / Liner / Tubular drilling systems Remote Drilling Operations Specialty Drilling Services MWD System LWD System BHI Software AutoTrak AutoTrak 4 4 3/4 3/4; ; Drilling Drilling Optimization Optimization; ; Remote Remote Drilling Drilling Operations Operations; ; Pressure Pressure / / ECD ECD; ; LithoTrak LithoTrak (Imaging); Advantage Advantage Engineering Engineering; Surface Systems Surface Logging Services Coring (Conventional) Diamond Bits Tricone Bits Hybrid Bits Vibration Sensing and Monitoring Hole Enlargement Tools Drilling fluid system Hole Hole Cleaning Cleaning Practices Practices; Monitor Cuttin Cuttin gs gs; ;

Lesson Learned


This well was required to drill in the direction of minimum horizontal stress, Sh min. As such, borehole stability was expected to be a problem and this was required to be actively monitored in real-time. This was accomplished with two Drilling Optimization Engineers proving 24/7 cover through remote access using WellLink.

Previous Performance

Action Taken

As well as the standard AutoTrak real-time data, it was required to add azimuthal caliper (min-max diameter, min-max diameter sector, 8 sector diameters) and short spacing density image.

Expected Performance



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Performance Achieved

After drilling the 8 3/8 section to casing point at 13928 ft and achieving 72 inclination, the 5 7/8 section was initiated with a AutoTrak GT4/LithoTrak BHA. The early stages of the run were affected by signal noise but when this was resolved the Short Spacing Density image showed indications of breakout for an interval of c.15ft, then stopped. Min-Max caliper readings confirmed this. The Saudi ARAMCO drilling supervisor was informed and advised of the situation. The decision was made that no action was necessary at this time but maybe in the future. Monitoring continued in anticipation of breakout returning. Unfortunately, the build rate was not sufficient and the first run was ended shortly after to examine the BHA. Image memory data was of excellent quality and showed the break out clearly. In additon to the interval observed in real-time, there was more break out above, which was not observed due to poor real-time data. In addition, azimuthal caliper data was plotted and showed the breakout direction to be on the axis of sector 3 to sector 5 (67.5 to 112.5 right of highside). This is consistent with BakerHughes (GMI) field studies. The azimuth caliper data had some missing data due to no return of signal, implying that the radius was large in that sector. The second run started but communication to the SDN was lost so no image or caliper data was available. ECD and T&D showed no issues however. Unfortunately, due to poor tool reliability and ROP, Baker Hughes involvement was ended after drilling 338 ft. Real-time wellbore stability monitoring was effective in identifying formation breakout and monitoring the consequences. LithoTrak borehole imaging combined with ECD and T&D monitoring is a powerful combination to identify and advise on wellbore stability issues.

Lesson Learned

Other Details General Info

Attachments & Resources Item Azimuthal Caliper Log Imaging WellLink format Telemetry WellLink mnemonics Author/Contributor Contributor Created By Wood, Christopher On 11/13/2012 1:46:18 AM Reviewed By Stewart, Jamie On 1/16/2013 8:06:44 AM View View View View

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