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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)

Fill in the two charts below using the STI and Birth Control Methods info found on the class website. 2 marks each 60 marks


How is it Contacted It can be contacted through sex, small cuts, blood, kissing herpes.

Signs, Symptoms & Consequences May experience mild flu like symptoms that last a few weeks then disappear. Frequent fever or sweats, joint or muscle pain. Most people dont even realize they might have hepatitis a until they experience jaundice, a yellowing of the skin. In up to 50% of people there are no outward signs of infections. Tiredness, nausea and vomiting, decreased appetite.

Treatment A blood test to check for hiv antibodies is the only way to detect hiv infection.

Hepatitis A

Person-to-person by ingestion of contaminated food or water or through direct contact with an infectious person. Through anal, vaginal or oral sex with an infected person. Through exposure of infected blood or blood products. Transmitted through sex and blood exposure with other people.

No specific treatment. Your body will clear the hepatitis virus on its own.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

All sexual household contacts of people with hepatitis b should be advised to be vaccinated to prevent infections. Liver inflammation, liver disease, liver Can take up to a year of cancer. Can also be caused by other therapy and involve weekly types of hepatitis viruses, as well as injections of a drug that by alcohol, and medications. causes flu-like side effects. Painful urination Vaginal discharge Itchy urethra Testicular pain Skin irritation and inflammation accompanied by itchiness and redness. Small blue spots in skin where lice have bitten. Chlamydia infection can be cured with antibiotics, usually with a single dose. A fine-toothed comb or the finger nails can be used to scrape the eggs off the hairs.


Bacteria that infects male or females Fluids being discharged from penis and vagina. Occurs primarily during intimate sexual and non-sexual contact.



Can be spread through unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex an infected partner. Through direct vaginal, oral or anal sexual contact with an infected partner. By receiving oral sex from a partner with a history of cold sores. Through direct sexual contactprimarily vaginal and anal sex, but oral sex is also a risk. Passed along through anal, vaginal or oral sex. And infected pregnant woman can also pass along the infection to her unborn child.

Thick yellowish-green discharge from penis. Painful urination, rectal pain, and painful urination. Painful sores Inflammation and redness Fever, muscular pain.

Oral antibiotics can usually cure a gonorrhea infection with just one dose. Pay attention to personal hygiene to avoid fomite transmission.


Human Papilloma virus (HPV) Syphilis

Many individuals infected with lowrisk types have no symptoms.

Specialist referral is required for typical and / or non-healing warts.

Three days to three months after exposure. Develop a small painless sore called a chancre sore appears when bacteria enters the body.

Birth Control Methods

2 marks each 42 marks Type Abstinence How it Works Means choosing to abstain from different levels of sexual activity. Positive Features Minimal risk of misuse Freedom from threat of STI and HIV infection, if no exchange of body fluids occurs. Permanent protection against pregnancy. No lasting side effects. Does not affect sexual pleasure. Negative Features No disadvantages.


It is a permanent method of birth control involves some procedures.

Sterilization is a permanent, surgical procedure that often cannot be reversed.

Birth Control Pill

A simple pill that changes in Prevents pregnancy. hormones. Too prevent pregnancy. It stops ovaries from releasing an egg every month (ovulation). It also thins the lining of the uterus. The patch prevents pregnancy primarily by stopping ovaries from releasing an egg. Is a latex sheath that is rolled over a males penis to prevent semen from entering the vagina By inserting spermicide in front of the cervix, in the vagina it destroys sperm contact. A deep silicone cap that fits the cervix and prevents sperm and bacteria from entering. Is polyurethane sheath in the shape of a round upside-down baggie inserted into the vagina before sex. Change the movement of the egg and sperm, by slowing it down, so fertilization and implantation may not occur. With this method of birth control, you only have to think about it 4 times a year you do not have to remember to take it. Includes a regular, lighter period often with less pms and cramping. Are 97% effective when used properly and consistently. Protection from pregnancy, spermicide also protects against bacterial infections and pelvic inflammatory disease. It provides a woman with privacy and control, because she can insert it before sex. Its the only thing controlled by females that protects them from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Prevents pregnancy good method for preventing.

The most common side effect while taking this pill is breakthrough, bleeding or spotting. Decreases your bone mineral density.

Depo-Provera Injections

Ortho Evra Patch

The patch does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. Some males complain about the lack of sensitivity. The condom may slip off during sex. Spermicide can be messy It may irritate the entrance of the vagina or the tip of the penis. It doesnt protect against sexually transmitted infections, and it must be used with spermicide, which kills sperm. Some women may have trouble inserting it correctly, and can be expensive around 3$ each



Cervical Cap

Female Condom

Emergency Contraception

Women may have light bleeding in the next few days after taking the pills.


During intercourse, the man pulls out his penis just before ejaculations.

No need for condoms, great pleasure.

Need good experience to be good at it and not to fail. Very risky.