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Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); V3.0.0 (1999-02) General UMTS Architecture Technical Specification TD (UMTS 23.

01 version 3.0.0)

UMTS 23.01

UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System

UMTS 23.01 version 3.0.0

UMTS 23.01 3.0.0 (1!!!"02)

DTS SM!-122301U (00000i03."D#)

Reference

Keywords Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) Architecture

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(ontents
+ontents&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&, Intellectual ro#erty Ri'hts&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&.oreword&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&Introduction&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&) Sco#e&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/ 0 References&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/
0&) Informative references&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/

, 1efinitions2 symbols and abbreviations&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/


,&) 1efinitions&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/ ,&0 Symbols&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/ ,&, Abbreviations&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&/

- 3eneral&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&4 / 1omains in UMTS&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&4


/&) 1omain s#lit&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&5 /&0 User e6ui#ment 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&5 /&0&) Mobile e6ui#ment 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&5 /&0&0 USIM 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&5 /&, Infrastructure 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&5 /&,&) Access "etwor7 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8 /&,&0 +ore "etwor7 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8 /&,&0&) Servin' "etwor7 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8 /&,&0&0 9ome "etwor7 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8 /&,&0&, Transit "etwor7 1omain&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8

4 .unctional +ommunication between UMTS domains &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&8


4&) Trans#ort stratum&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&): 4&0 Access Stratum &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&): 4&, Servin' Stratum &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&)) 4&- 9ome Stratum &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&)) 4&/ A##lication Stratum&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&))

9istory&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&),

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<ntellectual "ro%erty +i8&ts


I Rs essential or #otentially essential to the #resent document may have been declared to ETSI& The information #ertainin' to these essential I Rs2 if any2 is #ublicly available for ETSI members and non-members2 and can be found in SR ::: ,)-; "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in respect of ETSI standards"2 which is available free of charge from the ETSI Secretariat& <atest u#dates are available on the ETSI =eb server (htt#;>>www&etsi&fr>i#r or htt#;>>www&etsi&or'>i#r)& ursuant to the ETSI I R olicy2 no investi'ation2 includin' I R searches2 has been carried out by ETSI& "o 'uarantee can be 'iven as to the e$istence of other I Rs not referenced in SR ::: ,)- (or the u#dates on the ETSI =eb server) which are2 or may be2 or may become2 essential to the #resent document&

#ore;or)
This draft Technical S#ecification has been #roduced by the S#ecial Mobile 3rou# (SM3) Technical +ommittee of the Euro#ean Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)& The contents of this TS is sub?ect to continuin' wor7 within SM3 and may chan'e followin' formal SM3 a##roval& Should SM3 modify the contents of this TS2 it will be re@released by SM3 with an identifyin' chan'e of release date and an increase in version number as follows; Aersion $&y&% where; $ the first di'it; ) #resented to SM3 for informationB 0 #resented to SM3 for a##rovalB , indicates UMTS s#ecification a##roved by ETSI SM3B y the second di'it is incremented for all other ty#es of chan'es2 i&e& technical enhancements2 corrections2 u#dates2 etc& % the third di'it is incremented when editorial only chan'es have been incor#orated in the s#ecificationB

<ntro)uction
UMTS will su##ort a wide ran'e of a##lications with different 6uality of service #rofiles& At #resent many of these a##lications are not #ossible to #redict& Also the usa'e of the different a##lications are difficult to #redict i&e& it is not #ossible to o#timise UMTS to only one set of a##lications& !ne conclusion of this is that UMTS must be built in such a way that it is fle$ible and #ossible to evolve so it will have a lon' technical lifetime& Therefore a modular a##roach is recommended when definin' the networ7 #arts of UMTS& This is in line with the recommendation from 3MM& In this conte$t a module re#resents a #art of a UMTS networ7 i&e& one or several #hysical networ7 nodes that to'ether im#lements some functionality& The modular a##roach should also ma7e UMTS #ossible to im#lement efficiently in different environments&

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Sco%e

This TS defines the basic #hysical and functional se#aration of UMTS& The contents of this s#ecification is limited to those features that are common to all UMTS networ7s inde#endent of their ori'in . It identifies and names the reference #oints and functional 'rou#in's a##earin' at this level&

+e7erences
References are either s#ecific (identified by date of #ublication2 edition number2 version number2 etc&) or non@s#ecific& .or a s#ecific reference2 subse6uent revisions do not a##ly& .or a non@s#ecific reference2 the latest version a##lies& A non@s#ecific reference to an ETS shall also be ta7en to refer to later versions #ublished as an E" with the same number&

The followin' documents contain #rovisions which2 throu'h reference in this te$t2 constitute #rovisions of the #resent document&

2.1 <n7ormative re7erences


C)D C0D ETSI 3lobal Multimedia Mobility (3MM) re#ort UMTS 00&:); EUniversal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Service as#ectsB Service #rinci#lesE&

De7initions= symbols an) abbreviations

3.1 De7initions
Terms introduced in this document; Domain: The hi'hest@level 'rou# of #hysical entities& Reference #oints are defined between domains& Stratum: 3rou#in' of #rotocols related to one as#ect of the services #rovided by one or several domains&

3.2 Symbols
.or the #ur#oses of the #resent document2 the followin' symbols a##ly; +u Iu Uu CFuD CGuD Reference #oint between USIM and ME Reference #oint between Access and Servin' "etwor7 domains Reference #oint between User E6ui#ment and Infrastructure domains2 UMTS radio interface Reference #oint between Servin' and Transit "etwor7 domains Reference #oint between Servin' and 9ome "etwor7 domains

3.3 'bbreviations
.or the #ur#oses of the #resent document2 the followin' abbreviations a##ly; USIM ME User Services Identity Module Mobile E6ui#ment

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MT ME$E TE

Mobile Termination Mobile Station A##lication E$ecution Environment Terminal E6ui#ment

!eneral

The 'eneral UMTS architecture is modelled2 at a hi'h level2 from both #hysical and functional view#oints& The #hysical as#ects are modelled usin' the domain conce#t and the functional as#ects are modelled usin' the strata conce#t& The two views are introduced se#arately and then the ma##in' between the views is discussed& This s#ecification shows at a basic level #hysical and functional se#arations to allow a UMTS networ7 to fit within the conte$t of the IMT@0::: family of networ7s& It does not attem#t to develo# as#ects of a UMTS networ7 that are hi'hly s#ecific to that im#lementation&

Domains in UMTS
@ome ,et;or? Domain CGuD (u Uu <u CFuD

The followin' fi'ure shows the basic domains in UMTS as described in this section&

Servin8 ,et;or? Domain US<M Domain Mobile ->ui%ment Domain User ->ui%ment Domain 'ccess ,et;or? Domain (ore ,et;or? Domain <n7rastructure Domain

Transit ,et;or? Domain

,AT- 0

T&e )omains i)enti7ie) in t&e 7i8ure ;ill 8enerally result 7rom an evolution o7 e*istin8 net;or? in7rastructures. T&e core net;or? )omain may result 7rom evolutions o7 e*istin8 net;or? in7rastructures= e.8.= a !SM in7rastructure= a ,-<SD, in7rastructure= a B-<SD, in7rastructure or a "D, in7rastructure. T&e evolution o7 t&ese in7rastructures may be %er7orme) via t&e use o7 <CUs= &i))en ;it&in t&e )omains s&o;n in t&e 7i8ure.

%i&ure 1' UMTS (omains an( re)erence *oints +u Iu Uu CFuD CGuD H Reference #oint between USIM and ME H Reference #oint between Access and Servin' "etwor7 domains H Reference #oint between User E6ui#ment and Infrastructure domains2 UMTS radio interface H Reference #oint between Servin' and Transit "etwor7 domains H Reference #oint between Servin' and 9ome "etwor7 domains

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..1 Domain s%lit


A basic architectural s#lit is between the user e6ui#ment (terminals) and the infrastructure& This results in two domains; the User Equipment Domain and the Infrastructure domain& User e6ui#ment is the e6ui#ment used by the user to access UMTS services& User e6ui#ment has a radio interface to the infrastructure& The infrastructure consists of the #hysical nodes which #erform the various functions re6uired to terminate the radio interface and to su##ort the telecommunication services re6uirements of the users& The infrastructure is a shared resource that #rovides services to all authorised end users within its covera'e area& The reference #oint between the user e6ui#ment domain and the infrastructure domain is termed the IUuJ reference #oint (UMTS radio interface)& "!TE; The descri#tion assumes an access interface based on UTRA& 9owever2 the #hysical and functional se#aration described in this document is 'eneral and is a##licable also if other access technolo'ies are used&

..2 User e>ui%ment Domain


This domain encom#asses a variety of e6ui#ment ty#es with different levels of functionality& These e6ui#ment ty#es are referred to as user e6ui#ment (terminals)2 and they may also be com#atible with one or more e$istin' access (fi$ed or radio) interfaces e&'& dual mode UMTS@3SM user e6ui#ment& The user e6ui#ment may include a removable smart card that may be used in different user e6ui#ment ty#es& The user e6ui#ment is further sub@divided in to the Mobile Equipment Domain (ME) and the User Services Identity Module Domain (USIM)& The reference #oint between the ME and the USIM is termed the I+uJ reference #oint&

..2.1 Mobile e>ui%ment Domain


The Mobile E6ui#ment #erforms radio transmission and contains a##lications& The mobile e6ui#ment may be further sub@divided into several entities2 e&'& the one which #erforms the radio transmission and related functions2 Mobile Termination MT2 and the one which contains the end@to@end a##lication or (e&'& la#to# connected to a mobile #hone)2 Terminal Equipment! TE& This se#aration is used in the descri#tion of the functional communication in fi'ure , but no reference #oint is defined in this s#ecification&

..2.2 US<M Domain


The USIM contains data and #rocedures which unambi'uously and securely identify itself& These functions are ty#ically embedded in a stand alone smart card& This device is associated to a 'iven user2 and as such allows to identify this user re'ardless of the ME he uses&

..3 <n7rastructure Domain


The Infrastructure domain is further s#lit into the "ccess #et$or% Domain2 which is characterised by bein' in direct contact with the User E6ui#ment and the &ore #et$or% Domain! This s#lit is intended to sim#lify>assist the #rocess of de@cou#lin' access related functionality from non@access related functionality and is in line with the modular #rinci#le ado#ted for the UMTS& The Access "etwor7 1omain com#rises rou'hly the functions s#ecific to the access techni6ue2 while the functions in the +ore networ7 domain may #otentially be used with information flows usin' any access techni6ue& This s#lit allows for different a##roaches for the +ore "etwor7 1omain2 each a##roach s#ecifyin' distinct ty#es of +ore "etwor7s connectable to the Access "etwor7 1omain2 as well as different access techni6ues2 each ty#e of Access "etwor7 connectable to the +ore "etwor7 1omain& The reference #oint between the access networ7 domain and the core networ7 domain is termed the IIuJ reference #oint& "!TE; The s#lit into the User E6ui#ment 1omain2 the Access "etwor7 1omain and the +ore "etwor7 1omain is consistent with the 3MM re#ort&

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..3.1 'ccess ,et;or? Domain


The Access "etwor7 1omain consists of the #hysical entities which mana'e the resources of the access networ7 and #rovides the user with a mechanism to access the core networ7 domain& Additional reference #oints within the access domain may be identified in other s#ecifications&

..3.2 (ore ,et;or? Domain


The +ore "etwor7 1omain consists of the #hysical entities which #rovide su##ort for the networ7 features and telecommunication services& The su##ort #rovided includes functionality such as the mana'ement of user location information2 control of networ7 features and services2 the transfer (switchin' and transmission) mechanisms for si'nallin' and for user 'enerated information& C"ote; Much more could>should be written about the reference #oints between the core networ7 and other networ7sD& The core networ7 domain is sub@divided into the Serving #et$or% Domain2 the 'ome #et$or% Domain and the Transit #et$or% Domain& The reference #oint between the servin' networ7 domain and the home networ7 domain is termed the CGuD reference #oint& The reference #oint between the servin' networ7 domain and the transit networ7 domain is termed the CFuD reference #oint& Additional sub@divisions and reference #oints within the core networ7 domain may be identified in other s#ecifications&

..3.2.1

Servin8 ,et;or? Domain

The servin' networ7 domain is the #art of the core networ7 domain to which the access networ7 domain that #rovides the userKs access is connected& It re#resents the core networ7 functions that are local to the userKs access #oint and thus their location chan'es when the user moves& The servin' networ7 domain is res#onsible for routin' calls and trans#ort user data>information from source to destination& It has the ability to interact with the home domain to cater for user s#ecific data>services and with the transit domain for non user s#ecific data>services #ur#oses&

..3.2.2

@ome ,et;or? Domain

The home networ7 domain re#resents the core networ7 functions that are conducted at a #ermanent location re'ardless of the location of the userKs access #oint& The USIM is related by subscri#tion to the home networ7 domain& The home networ7 domain therefore contains at least #ermanently user s#ecific data and is res#onsible for mana'ement of subscri#tion information& It may also handle home s#ecific services2 #otentially not offered by the servin' networ7 domain& "!TE; Most of the functionality associated with the service #rovider role accordin' to the UMTS role model (ref UMTS 00&:))2 is normally contained within the home networ7 domain&

..3.2.3

Transit ,et;or? Domain

The transit networ7 domain is the core networ7 #art located on the communication #ath between the servin' networ7 domain and the remote #arty& If2 for a 'iven call2 the remote #arty is located inside the same networ7 as the ori'inatin' UE2 then no #articular instance of the transit domain is activated&

#unctional (ommunication bet;een UMTS )omains


A##lication stratumB

The followin' strata have been identified within UMTS;

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9ome stratumB Servin' stratum and Trans#ort stratum The followin' fi'ures show the interactions between the UMTS domains& Two fi'ures are used to reflect the #ath diversion between the flows e$chan'ed between servin' and home domains on one side and between servin' and transit on the other side& .i'ure 0 below shows the interactions between the USIM2 MT>ME2 Access "etwor72 Servin' "etwor7 and 9ome "etwor7 domains& .i'ure , shows the interactions between TE2 MT2 Access "etwor72 Servin' "etwor72 Transit "etwor7 domains and the Remote arty & The 9ome Stratum only involves domains from fi'ure 02 the A##lication Stratum only involves domains from fi'ure ,& The Servin' and Trans#ort Strata involve domains from fi'ures 0 and ,2 so #art of them are du#licated in the two fi'ures The direct flows between non@conti'uous domains (i&e& between domains non directly interconnected) are trans#arently trans#orted across all the domains and interfaces located on the communication #ath between these end domains& E&'& the USIM@9ome "etwor7 flows are trans#arently trans#orted throu'h USIM@MT2 MT@Access "etwor72 Access "etwor7@Servin' "etwor7 and Servin' "etwor7@9ome "etwor7 interfaces2 and relayed without inter#retation by MT2 Access "etwor7 and Servin' "etwor7 domains& The dotted lines indicates that the #rotocol used is not s#ecific to UMTS2 in some cases different #rotocols are #ossible& 9owever2 to #rovide easy roamin' ca#abilities2 it is desirable to a'ree u#on the #rotocols used& The definition of these #rotocols is outside the sco#e of the UMTS s#ecifications&
D@ome StratumE US<M - @, US<M - MT MT - S, S, - @,

DServin8 StratumE US<M - MT MT - S,

DTrans%ort StratumE D'ccess StratumE MT - ', ', - S, Servin8 ,et;or? Domain @ome ,et;or? Domain

US<M

MT M-

'ccess ,et;or? Domain

%i&ure 2' %unctional )lo.s bet.een the US/M0 MT1M20 Access 3et.or40 Servin& 3et.or4 an( 5ome 3et.or4 (omains.

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'%%lication Stratum '%%lication

DServin8 StratumE T- - MT MT - S,

DTrans%ort StratumE D'ccess StratumE MT - ', TMobile ->ui%ment Domain MT 'ccess ,et;or? Domain Servin8 ,et;or? Domain Transit ,et;or? Domain +emote "arty ', - S,

%i&ure 3' %unctional )lo. bet.een T20 MT0 Access 3et.or40 Servin& 3et.or40 Transit 3et.or4 (omains an( the 6emote 7arty The IRemote artyJ re#resents the remote end entity (user or machine) and is included in the fi'ure to show the end@ to@end character of the communication2 the s#ecification of the remote #arty is outside the sco#e of the UMTS s#ecifications&

$.1 Trans%ort stratum


This stratum su##orts the trans#ort of user data and networ7 control si'nallin' from other strata throu'h UMTS& The trans#ort stratum includes consideration of the #hysical transmission format used for transmission and also; mechanisms for error correction and recoveryB mechanisms to encry#t data over the radio interface and in the infrastructure #art if re6uiredB mechanisms for ada#tation of data to use the su##orted #hysical format (if re6uired)B and mechanisms to ItranscodeJ data to ma7e efficient use of2 e&'&2 the radio interface (if re6uired)& It may also include resource allocation and routin' local to the different interfaces& The "ccess Stratum which is s#ecific to UMTS2 is the #art of the trans#ort stratum located between the ed'e node of the servin' core networ7 domain and the MT (LMT@Access "etwor7K and LAccess "etwor7@Servin' "etwor7K arrows in fi'ure 0 and ,)&

$.2 'ccess Stratum


This is the functional 'rou#in's consistin' of the #arts in the infrastructure and in the user e6ui#ment and the #rotocols between these #arts bein' s#ecific to the access techni6ue (i&e& the way the s#ecific #hysical media between the User E6ui#ment and the Infrastructure is used to carry information)& The access stratum #rovides services related to the transmission of data over the radio interface and the mana'ement of the radio interface to the other #arts of UMTS&

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The access stratum includes the followin' #rotocols; Mobile Termination @ Access "etwor7 This #rotocol su##orts transfer of detailed radio@related information to co@ordinate the use of radio resources bbetween the MT and the access networ7& Access "etwor7 @ Servin' "etwor7 This #rotocol su##orts the access from the servin' networ7 to the resources #rovided by the access networ7& It is inde#endent of the s#ecific radio structure of the access networ7&

$.3 Servin8 Stratum


This stratum consists of #rotocols and functions to route and transmit data>information2 user or networ7 'enerated2 from source to destination& The source and destination may be within the same or different networ7s& .unctions related to telecommunication services and are located in this stratum& The servin' stratum includes the followin' #rotocols; USIM @ Mobile Termination This #rotocol su##orts access to subscriber@s#ecific information for su##ort of functions in the user e6ui#ment domain& Mobile Termination @ Servin' "etwor7 This #rotocol su##orts access from the MT to the services #rovided by the servin' networ7 domain& Terminal E6ui#ment@ Mobile Termination This #rotocol su##ort e$chan'e of control information between the TE and the MT&

$.2 @ome Stratum


This stratum contains the #rotocols and functions related to the handlin' and stora'e of subscri#tion data and #ossibly home networ7 s#ecific services& It also includes functions to allow domains other than the home networ7 domain to act on behalf of the home networ7& .unctions related to subscri#tion data mana'ement2 customer care2 includin' billin' and char'in'2 mobility mana'ement and authentication are located in this stratum& The home stratum includes the followin' #rotocols; USIM @ 9ome "etwor7 This #rotocol su##orts co@ordination of subscriber@s#ecific information between the USIM and the home networ7& USIM @ MT This #rotocol #rovides the MT with access to user s#ecific data and resources necessary to #erform actions on behalf of the home networ7& MT @ Servin' "etwor7 This #rotocol su##orts user s#ecific data e$chan'es between the MT and the Servin' "etwor7& Servin' "etwor7 @ 9ome "etwor7 This #rotocol #rovides the servin' networ7 with access to home networ7 data and resources necessary to #erform its actions on behalf of the home networ72 e&'&2 to su##ort the users communications2 services and features (includin' A9E)&

$.. '%%lication Stratum


This stratum re#resents the a##lication #rocess itself2 #rovided to the end@user& It includes end@to@end #rotocols and functions which ma7e use of services #rovided by the home2 servin' and trans#ort strata and infrastructure to su##ort services and>or value added services& The functions and #rotocols within the a##lication stratum may adhere to 3SM>UMTS standards such as ME$E or may be outside the sco#e of the UMTS standards& 9owever2 the definition of the services #rovided by the other strata2 and the interfaces to them2 is within the sco#e of the standards

ETSI

UMTS 23.01 version 3.0.0

12

UMTS 23.01 3.0.0 (1!!!"02)

End@to@end functions are a##lications which are consumed by users at the ed'e of>outside the overall networ7& The a##lications may be accessed by authenticated users who are authorised to access such a##lications& The users may access the a##lications by usin' any of the variety of available user e6ui#ment&

ETSI

UMTS 23.01 version 3.0.0

13

UMTS 23.01 3.0.0 (1!!!"02)

@istory
Document history
MAersionN :&:&) :&:&0 :&:&, :&:&:&:&/ :&:&4 :&:&5 :&)&: :&0&: :&,&: :&-&: :&/&: :&4&: :&5&: :&5&) M1ateN A#ril )**5 May )**5 May )**5 May )**5 Oune )**5 Ouly )**5 Ouly )**5 Se#t )**5 "ov )**5 March )**8 March )**8 A#ril )**8 A#ril )**8 Ouly )**8 Au'ust )**8 MMilestoneN +reated at SM3,>SA Revised2 new terminolo'y2 in#ut to SM3@SA Tdoc SM3, *5S):4 Revised durin' the meetin'2 Tdoc SM3, *5S)0) Revised durin' the meetin'2 Tdoc SM3, *5S)0Revised by editor2 in#ut to SM3,@SA Tdoc SM3, *5S )-0 Revised by the SA meetin'2 Tdoc SM3, *5S0:, Revised by the SA meetin' based on Tdoc SM3, *5S0:5 Revised by the SA meetin'2 Au' *52 Tdoc SM3, *5S0,, and 0-: Revised by the SA meetin'2 "ov )**52 Tdoc SM3, *5S,54 (sli'htly modified) Revised by the SA meetin'2 Oan *82 Tdocs SM3, *8S:4, (rev) and *8S:5- (rev)& +han'es to fi'ure ) not correctly included2 version withdrawn +han'es from SA meetin' in Oan *82 includin' fi'ure )2 see above2 chan'es relative to :&0&: indicated Revised by SM3)0 meetin' in March *82 Tdoc SM3, SA )-/ Revised by SM3)0 meetin' in A#ril *82 based on Tdocs SM3)0 *8 0:5 and 04* Revised by SM3)0 meetin' in Oune *82 Tdoc SM3)0 *8S,/0 Acce#ted as the base for further wor7 on the SM3 )0 meetin' Au'ust *8& 9idden information2 which a##ered in the #rinted 0,&0:v:&5&: on the SM3 )0 Au'ust *8 meetin'2 is removed& )&:&: 0&:&: ,&:&: Se#tember )**8 .ebruary )*** )***@:0 Aersion )&:&: for #resentation for information to SM3P05 Aersion 0&:&: for #resentation for a##roval to SM3P08 A##roved at SM3P08& 1ocument for Transfer to TS3@SA

ETSI