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F

Fc

DISC SPRINGS

s/ho

ho
Di
De

lo

DISC SPRINGS
Disc Springs are conically-shaped, washer-type components designed to be
axially loaded. What makes Disc Springs unique is that based on the standardized
calculations of DIN 2092, the deflection for a given load is predictable and the
minimum life cycle can be determined. Disc Springs can be statically loaded
either continuously or intermittently, or dynamically subjected to continuous load
cycling. They can be used singly or in multiples, stacked parallel, in series or in a
combination thereof.

The advantages of Disc Springs compared to other types of springs


include the following:
A wide range of load/deflection characteristics

High load capacity with small deflection

Space savings high load to size ratio


Consistent performance under design loads
Longer fatigue life
Inherent dampening especially with parallel stacking
Flexibility in stack arrangement to meet your application
requirements
DIMENSIONAL DESIGNATIONS
De = External Diameter of Disc
Di = Internal Diameter of Disc
t
lo = Free Height of Disc
t = Material Thickness of Disc
ho = Free Cone Height of Disc

Di

De

SYMBOLS AND UNITS USED IN


THE APPLICATION OF DISC SPRINGS
F
s
s
E

= Force or Load Applied


= Deflection of Disc Resulting from an Applied Force
= Stress
= Modulus of Elasticity
= Poissons Ratio

lo

ho

N
mm
N/mm2
N/mm2

DISC SPRINGS
STANDARD PRODUCT RANGE
DIN 2093 RANGE

SPIROL offers the full range of DIN 2093 Group 1 and 2 Discs in
Series A, B, and C.

SPIROL
STANDARD RANGE

In addition to the DIN specified sizes, SPIROL stocks its own standard size range
in outside diameters from 8mm to 200mm in order to meet the diverse needs of
its customers. SPIROL Standard Disc Springs meet all material, dimensional
tolerance, and quality specifications as laid out in DIN 2093 but in diameter and
thickness combinations that are not included in the DIN standard.

STANDARD
PRODUCT
DEFINITIONS

PROPERTY

GROUP 1

GROUP 2

THICKNESS

<1.25mm

1.25mm up to 6mm

MATERIAL

Code B Carbon Steel

Code W Alloy Steel

C67S (1.1231) / UNS G10700

51CrV4 (1.8159) / UNS G61500

HARDNESS

HV 425-510 (HRC 43-50)

HRC 42-52 (HV 412-544)

FINISH

Code R Zinc Phosphate and Oil

Within each Group there are three Series A, B, and C. These series are
differentiated by material thicknesses and the corresponding force/deflection curves
they generate (see page 2). DIN 2093 categorizes the three series by the following
approximate ratios:
SERIES A
SERIES B
SERIES C

/
/
/

De t 18
De t 28
De t 48

/
/
/

ho t 0.4
ho t 0.75
ho t 1.3

See pages 9-13 for SPIROLs standard offering.


In addition to the standard offerings, SPIROL offers a line of austenitic Stainless
Steel Disc Springs.
MATERIAL

Code D SAE 301 Stainless Steel Full Hard


(X10CrNi18-8 No 1.4310 / UNS 30100)

FINISH

Code K Plain finish, not oiled.

See page 14 for SPIROLs standard offering.

SPECIALS

SPIROL will work with the customer to develop special Disc Springs to meet the
requirements of the application. Factors to take into consideration are forces,
working parameters, environment, duty cycle, and required life. SPIROL can
provide special dimensions, materials, finishes, and packaging to suit the application.

TO ORDER: Product / De x Di x t / material code / finish code


EXAMPLE: DSC 25 x 12.2 x 0.7 BR

DEFLECTION AND LOAD


CHARACTERISTICS
THEORETICAL VERSUS MEASURED DEFLECTION
8000

At the lower range, the actual measured curve departs


slightly from the theoretical due to residual stresses.

In the mid range the usual working range the actual


measured deflection very closely coincides with the
theoretical.

Measured Characteristic

6000

2000

As the deflection increases, the force moment arm


shortens and the force required increases sharply.
When the s/ho ratio exceeds 0.75, the deviation from
the theoretical increases sharply. Accordingly, force/
deflection predictability is limited to 75% of total
deflection (ho).

FLAT CONDITION

4000

s = 0.75 ho

LOAD F

Theoretical Characteristic

The graph demonstrates the characteristic of a DIN


2093 Disc Spring, Group 2, Series B 50 x 25.4 x 2.
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

mm

1.4

DEFLECTION s

LOAD/DEFLECTION RELATIONSHIP
1.4
1.3

/t
ho

1.2

1.75

1.1

1.3

1.5

1
0.9
0.7

s
rie
se

es

se
ri

0.6

g
rin

se

Up to a ratio of 1.5, discs may safely be taken to the


flat position.

0.7

93
20
93
20
IN

N
DI

Sp

0.4

9
20

es

ri

s
Sp
rin
g

0.5

N
DI

0.3

0.

At a ratio of 1.5 the curve is flat for a considerable


range of deflection. This is a useful consideration for
wear compensation.

0
Testing Limit

Sp
rin
g

0.8

F
Fc

The load/deflection curve of a single disc is not linear.


Its shape depends on the ratio of cone height (ho) to the
thickness (t) (ho/t). If the ratio is small, 0.4 (DIN Series
A), the characteristic is virtually a straight line. The load
deflection becomes increasingly curved as the ratio ho/t
increases.

=2

Above 1.5 the disc exhibits increasingly regressive


characteristics and is capable of push-through and
therefore needs to be fully supported.

0.2

At ratios over 2, the discs may invert when taken


towards the flat position.

0.1
0

0.25

0.5
s/ho

0.75

Fc is the design force of the disc in the


flattened position.

LOADING STRESSES
CRITICAL STRESS
POINTS

When the disc is loaded, compressive stresses result at Points I and IV. Compressive
stresses typically act on the upper surface of the disc.
At the theoretical Point (O) between Points I and IV, the stress must not exceed the
yield strength of the disc material (1400 1600 N/mm2 for the DIN 2093 specified
materials) to ensure that there will be no set.
Tensile stresses at Points II and III are the basis for fatigue life calculations. Tensile
stresses typically act on the lower surface of the disc.

IV

I
II

ho

lo

III

STATIC LOADING

Static loading is defined as carrying a constant load or an occasionally changing


load at relatively long time intervals not exceeding ten thousand cycles per design
life. In these cases the highest calculated stress at Point O is most critical and
should not exceed 1400 1600 N/mm2 in the flat (s = ho) position for the DIN 2093
specified materials.
The standard range of Disc Springs may be used in static loading conditions without
the need to perform theoretical stress calculations. Under these conditions, spring
set is not a factor with stresses up to F = 0.75 ho.

DYNAMIC LOADING

Residual manufacturing tensile stresses occur at the upper inside diameter edge
Point I. These revert to compressive stresses when the disc is deflected by 15%
to 20% of the total cone height (ho). Fatigue life will be drastically reduced by
stress reversals and therefore discs in dynamic applications must be preloaded by
a minimum of 15% to 20%.
The maximum deflection limit of 75% of total deflection (s = 0.75 ho) must be
observed.
To increase fatigue life 1) reduce maximum stress, 2) increase pre-stress, or
3) both.
Dynamically loaded Disc Springs are generally divided into two categories:
1. Limited Life Discs which should achieve 2 x 106 cycles without failure.
2. Practically Unlimited Life Discs which should exceed 2 x 106 cycles without
failure.
Detailed design calculations can be provided by SPIROL to determine estimated
fatigue life. At a minimum, the following information is required:
1. Mounting space available
2. Maximum load
3. Type of load static, intermittent, dynamic
4. Cycle life expected
5. Operating conditions temperature, corrosion

FATIGUE LIFE
When determining fatigue life of a Disc Spring, it is necessary to know the forces
and deflections of the disc at both points of its cycle. Tensile stresses are always
the determining factor in causing failure due to fatigue, so evaluating the stresses
at points II and III is required.
The charts below represent typical expected life of discs tested under laboratory
conditions. To use these charts properly, it is necessary to determine the maximum
stresses at both minimum and maximum deflection points of the disc. Because
either point II or III may be the highest loaded, it is recommended that both be
evaluated and the worst case used.
These values are based on laboratory testing using fatigue testing equipment
producing sinusoidal loading cycles and resulting in a 99% probability of fatigue
life. These figures are valid for single discs and stacks in series of 10 discs or
fewer utilizing a 15%-20% preload. Cycling was performed at room temperature
and at a rate not to induce significant heating utilizing hardened and highly polished
surfaces and guidance.
Stacking discs in parallel greatly reduces fatigue life as individual disc deflections
may be attenuated due to the mating disc, resulting in localized higher stresses.
These values only apply to DIN standard materials that are not shot peened. Shot
peening discs can extend the fatigue life of certain discs, but testing is required to
determine the exact benefit.

GROUP 1 t < 1.25 mm


N = 105

N = 5 x 105

N 2 x 106

1200
1000
800
600
400
200

200

400

600

800

1000 1200 1400

Minimum tensile stress, N/mm

N = 105

1400

Maximum differential stress, N/mm2

Maximum differential stress, N/mm2

1400

GROUP 2 1.25 mm t 6.0 mm


N = 5 x 105

N 2 x 106

1200
1000
800
600
400
200

200

400

600

800

1000 1200 1400

Minimum tensile stress, N/mm2

DESIGN GUIDELINES
SIZING AND
SELECTION

l Select the disc with the largest outside diameter (De). This reduces the stresses at a given force (F)/
deflection (s) ratio and thus enhances fatigue life. An outside (De) to inside diameter (Di) of 1.7 to 2.2
also enhances performance and longevity.
l Select a disc that achieves the maximum force required at less than 75% of its deflection. Deflection
of 75% of cone height (ho) should be the design maximum. Reducing deflection increases fatigue
life.
l Force/deflection curves can be changed by varying the cone height (ho) to thickness (t) ratio. Curves
for discs may be plotted with the force/deflection data provided on pages 9-14 at 25%, 50%, 75% and
100% of deflection.
l Thicker discs have greater damping (hysteresis) characteristics.

ORIENTATION

l Shorter stacks are more efficient. This is particularly important under dynamic loading. Discs at the
moving end of the stack are overdeflected whereas discs at the opposite end are underdeflected.
This results from the friction between the individual discs as well as the discs and the guiding mandrel
or sleeve. Use of the largest practical outside diameter discs will reduce the number of individual
discs and total stack height. It is recommended that total stack height not exceed three times the
external disc diameter (De) or ten total discs.
l When discs are used in parallel, the following factors should be considered:
1. In dynamic applications, the generation of heat;
2. The relationship between loading and unloading forces due to friction;
3. Hysteresis, the increased damping resulting from friction between the discs; and
4. Lubrication A must in parallel disc applications.
l Lubrication is required for the efficient use and extended life of discs. In moderate applications, a solid
lubricant such as molybdenum disulfide will generally suffice. In severe and corrosive applications,
an oil or grease lubricant housed in a chamber may be required.
l Hardened thrust washers will alleviate surface damage/indentation when discs are used in conjunction
with soft materials.

FATIGUE LIFE

l Fatigue life can be improved by increasing preload and reducing maximum deflection. This will likely
require additional discs in series, but will extend life.
l Shot peening induces favorable compressive stresses on the disc surface. This reduces the likelihood
of fatigue failure due to tensile stresses which generally start on the surface.
l Presetting is defined as a single or repeated compression of a heat treated disc to the flat condition.
The strains induced give rise to plastic deformation, the spring thereby loses height. The remaining
free conical height (ho) results from the residual stresses being at an equilibrium of forces and
moments. The disc will no longer plastically deform during subsequent loading. This allows for
higher load stresses and longer fatigue life.

l High carbon and alloy steel materials provide excellent strength and endurance life in most
MATERIALS
applications. The standard coating of zinc phosphate and oil provides adequate protection from
AND FINISHES

humidity and occasional moisture. More effective protective finishes are available, but these tend to
wear off in dynamic applications.

l Electroplated finishes should always be avoided. Hydrogen embrittlement poses too great of a risk in
highly loaded discs having a hardness over HRC 40.
l Austenitic stainless steel is a very good choice for static and low cycle applications. It provides high
forces and excellent corrosion resistance. This material will continue to work harden with use so cycle
life is limited, but creep resistance is good.
l For dynamic applications where corrosion protection is required, precipitation hardening stainless
steels are recommended. These steels are nearly as strong as the standard DIN materials and very
corrosion resistant.
l At temperatures over approximately 200F (100C), standard DIN materials can begin to creep, or
take a set. Between 300F and 400F (150C to 200C) the materials lose their strength and are no
longer considered viable. Stainless steels are a bit more temperature resistant, but only up to 575F
(300C).

es
siv
e
gr

lin

pr
og

re
s

ra

st

t
gh

siv

re

Stacking individual Disc Springs provides the


designer with:
A wide range of possible force/deflection
combinations;
The ability to design application specific
load curves both progressive and
regressive; and
The opportunity to design a range of
dampening characteristics into the
design.

LOAD

STACKING

DISC SPRINGS STACKING

DEFLECTION s

METHODS OF
STACKING

IN PARALLEL

IN SERIES

IN
COMBINATION

Deflection: Same as single


disc

Deflection: Single disc


multiplied by the number of
discs

Deflection: Single disc


multiplied by the number of
discs in series

Force: Same as single disc

Force: Single disc multiplied


by the number of parallel
discs in a set

Force: Single disc multiplied


by the number of discs

Consideration needs to be given to the friction between the parallel disc surfaces.
A reasonable allowance is 2 - 3% of the force for each sliding surface a greater
force for loading and a lesser force for unloading. Discs in parallel should be well
lubricated and it is suggested that the number of discs in a parallel set be limited to a
maximum of 4 to reduce the deviation from calculated to measured characteristics.
Discs in parallel have increased self-dampening (hysteresis) characteristics.

STACK
CONSTRUCTION

EVEN NUMBER OF DISCS

RIGHT

WRONG

ODD NUMBER OF DISCS

RIGHT

WRONG

It is normally desirable to have both ends rest on the larger outer edge of the disc.
With an uneven number of pairs in a stack, this is not possible. In this case, the end
resting on the outer edge should be arranged to be on the end on which the force
is applied the moving end of the stack.

DISC SPRINGS STACKING


STACK GUIDANCE

Stacks need to be guided to keep the discs in position. The preferred method is
internal, such as a rod through the inside diameter. In case of external guidance,
a sleeve is suggested. In either case, the guiding component should be casehardened to a depth of not less than 0.6 mm and a hardness of 58 HRC. A surface
finish of 4 microns is also recommended.
Since the diameter of the discs change when compressed, the following
clearance values are recommended:
De or Di
(mm)

CLEARANCE
(mm)

Up
to
16
Over
16
to
20
Over 20 to 26
Over 26 to 31.5
Over 31.5 to 50
Over 50 to 80
Over 80 to 140
Over 140 to 250

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.6

The stability of a disc with a thickness


of 1 mm or less can present a problem
at the bearing surfaces. In such cases,
the use of intermediate flat discs is
recommended with outside diameter
contact.
RIGHT

WRONG

PROGRESSIVE LOAD Progressive loading can be obtained by assembling stacks in which discs will
deflect consecutively when loaded. Generally, this is done by 1) stacking single,
CURVES

double and triple parallel sets in series, or 2) stacking discs of various thickness
in series. It is, however, necessary to provide a means to limit the compression of
the weaker disc to avoid overstressing while the stronger discs are still in process
of compression.

DISC STACKS WITH PROGRESSIVE


CHARACTERISTIC LOAD CURVES
AND STROKE LIMITERS TO AVOID
OVERLOAD

WASHERS
AND
RINGS

SLEEVE
AND
STOP

DIMENSIONAL TOLERANCES
DIAMETER TOLERANCE
Outside Diameter:
Inside Diameter:

De
h12
Di H12

De or Di RANGE
mm

Concentricity:
De 50 mm 2 IT 11
De > 50 mm 2 IT 12

De TOLERANCE Di TOLERANCE
MINUS mm

PLUS mm

0.12
0.15
0.18
0.21
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.46

0.12
0.15
0.18
0.21
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.46


3 to 6
Over
6
to 10
Over 10 to 18
Over 18 to 30
Over 30 to 50
Over 50 to 80
Over 80 to 120
Over 120 to 180
Over 180 to 250

CONCENTRICITY
TOLERANCE 1
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.26
0.32
0.60
0.70
0.80
0.92

1) In reference to Outside Diameter De

THICKNESS TOLERANCE (t)


THICKNESS RANGE

TOLERANCE mm

mm

From 0.2
to
Over 0.6
to under
From 1.25
to
Over 3.8
to

PLUS
0.6
1.25
3.8
6

MINUS

0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05

0.06
0.09
0.12
0.15

FREE OVER-ALL HEIGHT (lo) TOLERANCE


THICKNESS RANGE (t)
mm

TOLERANCE mm
PLUS

Less than 1.25


From
1.25
to
2
Over
2
to
3
Over 3 to 6

MINUS

0.10
0.15
0.20
0.30

0.05
0.08
0.10
0.15

SPRING FORCE TOLERANCE

The following deviations apply for normal applications:

The static load (F) of a single disc


shall be determined for a disc in the
loaded state using a suitable lubricant.
The pressure plates between which
the disc is compressed must be
hardened, ground and polished.

THICKNESS (t)
mm

Less than 1.25


From

1.25

to

Over 3 to 6

PERMISSIBLE DEVIATION
in load F at s = 0.75 ho
as a percentage





+ 25 %
- 7.5 %
+ 15 %
- 7.5 %
+ 10 %
- 5 %

DIN

C
B
A

C
B
A

Series

Cone Height
ho
Inside
Dia.
Di

8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
12

De

3.2
3.2
3.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
3.2
3.2
4.2
4.2
4.2
5.2
5.2
5.2
4.2
4.2
5.2
5.2
6.2
6.2

Di

0.3
0.4
0.5
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.25
0.4
0.5
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.6

0.55
0.60
0.70
0.45
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.85
0.70
0.75
0.85
0.55
0.70
0.75
0.80
0.90
0.90
0.95
0.85
0.95

lo

Dimensions

0.25
0.20
0.20
0.25
0.25
0.20
0.35
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.25
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.35
0.35
0.35

ho
0.83
0.50
0.40
1.25
0.83
0.50
1.17
0.70
0.75
0.50
0.42
1.20
0.75
0.50
1.00
0.80
0.80
0.58
0.70
0.58

ho/t
0.04
0.03
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.51
0.57
0.67
0.41
0.51
0.57
0.60
0.80
0.65
0.71
0.81
0.50
0.65
0.71
0.74
0.84
0.84
0.90
0.80
0.90

lt
31
43
79
15
35
48
32
99
55
72
118
22
61
80
55
91
96
116
80
127

F
sIII
263
214
249
269
328
268
223
289
275
235
266
260
330
283
238
266
303
266
278
310

sII
122
212
299
-6
107
198
36
240
151
222
296
4
139
212
76
158
137
202
132
194

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
s

II

Test Height
lt

III
Overall Height
lo

IV

t 1.25 mm and thicker


A l l oy S teel


W

Phosphate coated, oiled

HV 412 - 544
HRC 42 - 52

HV 425 - 510
HRC 43 - 50

0.06
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.06
0.06
0.08
0.08
0.06
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.09

s
0.49
0.55
0.65
0.39
0.49
0.55
0.56
0.76
0.62
0.69
0.79
0.47
0.62
0.69
0.70
0.80
0.80
0.86
0.76
0.86

lt
44
69
128
21
50
78
52
169
84
106
175
32
93
117
85
143
150
201
137
219

F
197
365
511
6
175
343
95
461
260
343
453
26
242
328
149
285
251
384
257
369

sII

s = 0.25 ho
386
350
408
394
482
439
388
506
430
348
394
403
516
418
385
432
493
467
487
545

sIII

0.13
0.10
0.10
0.13
0.13
0.10
0.18
0.18
0.15
0.13
0.13
0.15
0.15
0.13
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.18
0.18
0.18

0.42
0.50
0.60
0.32
0.42
0.50
0.47
0.67
0.55
0.62
0.72
0.40
0.55
0.62
0.60
0.70
0.70
0.77
0.67
0.77

81
130
246
34
92
147
83
303
140
214
360
48
155
236
141
249
263
370
245
403

540
792
1083
127
493
749
324
1057
570
815
1053
133
539
784
411
683
611
856
604
829

sII

s = 0.5 ho
lt

775
666
782
778
971
837
714
948
760
713
813
702
912
858
714
809
923
884
917
1033

sIII

0.19
0.15
0.15
0.19
0.19
0.15
0.26
0.26
0.23
0.19
0.19
0.23
0.23
0.19
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.26
0.26
0.26

0.36
0.45
0.55
0.26
0.36
0.45
0.39
0.59
0.47
0.56
0.66
0.32
0.47
0.56
0.50
0.60
0.60
0.69
0.59
0.69

lt

105
186
357
39
119
210
98
401
192
297
508
58
213
329
178
331
350
502
324
547

930
1281
1717
329
865
1218
640
1700
1019
1280
1629
352
974
1238
786
1193
1080
1350
988
1313

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1057
949
1123
1044
1325
1194
951
1290
1084
992
1138
980
1303
1195
988
1130
1291
1213
1249
1417

sIII

0.25
0.20
0.20
0.25
0.25
0.20
0.35
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.25
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.35
0.35
0.35

126
238
465
42
142
269
108
500
232
377
652
63
257
418
206
402
424
641
404
699

s = ho

Refer to page 14 for SPIROL Stainless Steel


Disc Springs.

STANDARD FINISH

t less than 1.25 mm


High Carbon Steel

STANDARD MATERIALS

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 206 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

TO ORDER: Product / De x Di x t / material code / finish code


EXAMPLE: DSC 25 x 12.2 x 0.7 BR

Deflection s in mm
Force F in N
Stress s in N/mm2
Values calculated in accordance with DIN 2092

Thickness
t

OM

Outside
Dia.
De

DISC SPRINGS TO DIN 2093

-1332
-1421
-1776
-1003
-1505
-1605
-1147
-1911
-1384
-1441
-1730
-957
-1531
-1595
-1228
-1535
-1619
-1700
-1544
-1853

s0M

DIN

A
C
B
A

C
B

C
B
A

C
B
A

C
B
A
C
B
A

Series

Di

6.2
6.2
6.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
5.2
5.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
6.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
9.2
9.2
9.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
11.2
11.2
11.2

De

12.5
12.5
12.5
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
22.5
22.5
22.5

0.35
0.5
0.7
0.35
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.7
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.9
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.7
0.8
1
0.45
0.7
1
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
0.6
0.8
1.25

0.80
0.85
1.00
0.80
0.90
1.10
0.95
1.25
1.00
1.05
1.10
1.10
1.20
0.90
1.05
1.25
1.00
1.10
1.20
1.40
1.50
1.25
1.30
1.50
1.05
1.20
1.40
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.50
1.15
1.35
1.45
1.55
1.55
1.40
1.45
1.75

lo

Dimensions

0.45
0.35
0.30
0.45
0.40
0.30
0.55
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.50
0.45
0.35
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.70
0.70
0.55
0.50
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.70
0.65
0.60
0.60
0.65
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.45
0.80
0.65
0.50

ho
1.29
0.70
0.43
1.29
0.80
0.38
1.38
0.79
1.00
0.75
0.57
0.57
0.50
1.25
0.75
0.39
1.50
1.20
1.00
1.00
0.88
0.79
0.63
0.50
1.33
0.71
0.40
1.17
0.93
0.75
0.67
1.30
0.69
0.61
0.55
0.41
1.33
0.81
0.40

ho/t
0.07
0.05
0.05
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06
0.08
0.07
0.05
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.11
0.11
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.09
0.08
0.06
0.11
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.10
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.12
0.10
0.08

s
0.73
0.80
0.95
0.73
0.84
1.05
0.87
1.17
0.92
0.98
1.04
1.04
1.14
0.82
0.98
1.20
0.91
1.01
1.11
1.29
1.39
1.17
1.22
1.42
0.96
1.12
1.34
1.19
1.25
1.31
1.41
1.05
1.27
1.37
1.47
1.48
1.28
1.35
1.67

lt
sII
-14
122
263
-12
94
255
-15
194
70
141
189
178
226
-5
114
215
-32
23
78
112
179
114
178
268
-22
129
223
25
87
136
177
-15
125
161
197
230
-23
96
239

F
57
72
162
46
76
192
66
210
95
116
138
159
226
58
112
211
57
85
124
239
320
157
205
367
80
156
276
146
172
199
265
96
186
249
327
347
160
199
451
325
246
287
268
258
261
242
314
278
255
228
293
320
262
267
227
198
217
236
335
358
259
268
309
272
275
240
279
263
245
262
268
251
269
287
251
302
260
249

sIII

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
0.11
0.09
0.08
0.11
0.10
0.08
0.14
0.14
0.13
0.11
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.18
0.18
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.15
0.13
0.10
0.18
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.11
0.20
0.16
0.13

s
0.69
0.76
0.92
0.69
0.80
1.02
0.81
1.11
0.87
0.94
1.00
1.00
1.10
0.77
0.94
1.16
0.85
0.95
1.05
1.22
1.32
1.11
1.17
1.37
0.90
1.07
1.30
1.12
1.19
1.25
1.35
0.99
1.21
1.31
1.41
1.44
1.20
1.29
1.62

lt
82
123
255
67
120
302
103
346
143
174
222
256
367
86
169
372
85
130
191
362
491
259
320
580
121
242
451
219
258
315
423
140
309
419
553
537
240
302
720

F
1
238
432
-2
173
418
4
370
137
236
328
311
391
12
192
398
-30
61
152
215
324
220
306
451
-14
226
382
66
158
244
313
-5
235
298
361
370
-14
168
399

sII

s = 0.25 ho
496
431
452
409
419
411
408
535
439
392
373
479
523
413
411
401
319
350
382
533
571
442
427
493
440
436
394
443
410
398
427
416
428
460
492
388
488
406
398

sIII
0.23
0.18
0.15
0.23
0.20
0.15
0.28
0.28
0.25
0.23
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.25
0.23
0.18
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.35
0.35
0.28
0.25
0.25
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.35
0.33
0.30
0.30
0.33
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.23
0.40
0.33
0.25

s
0.57
0.67
0.85
0.57
0.70
0.95
0.67
0.97
0.75
0.82
0.90
0.90
1.00
0.65
0.82
1.07
0.70
0.80
0.90
1.05
1.15
0.97
1.05
1.25
0.75
0.95
1.20
0.95
1.02
1.10
1.20
0.82
1.07
1.17
1.27
1.32
1.00
1.12
1.50

lt
sII
142
559
864
109
428
826
149
882
368
591
727
694
856
117
488
846
52
234
416
567
779
536
660
939
83
509
814
246
436
576
715
102
548
674
800
830
98
434
815

F
131
220
457
107
210
547
156
605
229
320
411
474
689
131
309
716
126
206
317
588
822
452
564
1051
186
417
865
342
447
557
765
221
555
765
1026
1072
370
539
1330

s = 0.5 ho
949
811
814
784
787
743
746
1000
787
766
707
909
997
735
805
771
583
646
708
964
1037
827
777
904
809
792
757
797
785
748
804
786
806
870
934
776
897
782
737

sIII
0.34
0.26
0.23
0.34
0.30
0.23
0.41
0.41
0.38
0.34
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.38
0.34
0.26
0.45
0.45
0.45
0.53
0.53
0.41
0.38
0.38
0.45
0.38
0.30
0.53
0.49
0.45
0.45
0.49
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.34
0.60
0.49
0.38

s
0.46
0.59
0.77
0.46
0.60
0.87
0.54
0.84
0.62
0.71
0.80
0.80
0.90
0.52
0.71
0.99
0.55
0.65
0.75
0.87
0.97
0.84
0.92
1.12
0.60
0.82
1.10
0.77
0.86
0.95
1.05
0.66
0.94
1.04
1.14
1.21
0.80
0.96
1.37

lt
152
291
673
123
279
813
175
793
291
426
578
666
982
155
412
1004
139
245
400
745
1078
594
791
1514
214
572
1254
413
570
751
1051
254
745
1045
1418
1531
425
710
1952

F
401
913
1419
315
764
1341
411
1483
732
1005
1195
1150
1392
332
838
1287
247
520
794
1097
1419
914
1124
1547
291
895
1295
560
802
998
1205
309
909
1094
1278
1301
336
768
1316

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1284
1105
1189
1061
1101
1092
998
1370
1100
1060
1002
1291
1423
1018
1115
1071
791
885
980
1343
1454
1135
1110
1303
1106
1126
1088
1103
1080
1048
1133
1067
1112
1206
1300
1100
1227
1083
1071

sIII

0.45
0.35
0.30
0.45
0.40
0.30
0.55
0.55
0.50
0.45
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.50
0.45
0.35
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.70
0.70
0.55
0.50
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.70
0.65
0.60
0.60
0.65
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.45
0.80
0.65
0.50

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 206 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

DISC SPRINGS TO DIN 2093

10
160
363
855
131
338
1040
181
969
334
519
733
844
1261
165
503
1319
137
267
462
855
1277
725
984
1921
223
699
1631
453
668
921
1311
268
929
1323
1815
1976
444
855
2509

s = ho
-1250
-1388
-1666
-1018
-1293
-1551
-1079
-1888
-1275
-1377
-1428
-1646
-1881
-988
-1333
-1555
-816
-1021
-1225
-1667
-1905
-1412
-1468
-1834
-1052
-1363
-1558
-1202
-1302
-1373
-1545
-1024
-1386
-1560
-1733
-1560
-1178
-1276
-1534

s0M

DIN

C
B
A

A
C
B

C
B

C
B
A

Series

Di

8.2
8.2
8.2
10.2
10.2
12.2
12.2
12.2
12.2
12.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
12.2
12.2
12.2
14.2
14.2
14.2
14.2
16.3
16.3
16.3
16.3
16.3
12.3
12.3
12.3
14.3
14.3
16.3
16.3
18.3
18.3
18.3
14.3
14.3
14.3

De

23
23
23
23
23
23
23
25
25
25
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
28
31.5
31.5
31.5
31.5
31.5
34
34
34
34
34
34
34
35.5
35.5
35.5
40
40
40

0.7
0.8
0.9
0.9
1
1.25
1.5
0.7
0.9
1.5
0.8
1
1.25
1.5
1
1.25
1.5
0.8
1
1.25
1.5
0.8
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
1
1.25
1.5
1.25
1.5
1.5
2
0.9
1.25
2
1.25
1.5
2

1.50
1.55
1.70
1.65
1.70
1.85
2.10
1.60
1.60
2.05
1.75
2.00
2.25
2.20
1.95
2.10
2.25
1.80
1.80
2.10
2.15
1.85
2.15
2.40
2.45
2.75
2.20
2.45
2.70
2.40
2.55
2.55
2.85
2.05
2.25
2.80
2.65
2.80
3.05

lo

Dimensions

0.80
0.75
0.80
0.75
0.70
0.60
0.60
0.90
0.70
0.55
0.95
1.00
1.00
0.70
0.95
0.85
0.75
1.00
0.80
0.85
0.65
1.05
0.90
0.90
0.70
0.75
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.15
1.05
1.05
0.85
1.15
1.00
0.80
1.40
1.30
1.05

ho
1.14
0.94
0.89
0.83
0.70
0.48
0.40
1.29
0.78
0.37
1.19
1.00
0.80
0.47
0.95
0.68
0.50
1.25
0.80
0.68
0.43
1.31
0.72
0.60
0.40
0.38
1.20
0.96
0.80
0.92
0.70
0.70
0.43
1.28
0.80
0.40
1.12
0.87
0.53

ho/t
0.12
0.11
0.12
0.11
0.11
0.09
0.09
0.14
0.11
0.08
0.14
0.15
0.15
0.11
0.14
0.13
0.11
0.15
0.12
0.13
0.10
0.16
0.14
0.14
0.11
0.11
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.17
0.16
0.16
0.13
0.17
0.15
0.12
0.21
0.20
0.16

s
1.38
1.44
1.58
1.54
1.59
1.76
2.01
1.46
1.49
1.97
1.61
1.85
2.10
2.09
1.81
1.97
2.14
1.65
1.68
1.97
2.05
1.69
2.01
2.26
2.34
2.64
2.02
2.27
2.52
2.23
2.39
2.39
2.72
1.88
2.10
2.68
2.44
2.60
2.89

lt
sII
37
90
125
113
167
231
308
-13
105
242
23
84
176
259
78
173
230
-7
94
165
222
-19
130
193
235
276
22
98
173
91
170
161
265
-12
91
230
44
122
231

F
183
209
311
289
353
532
875
226
243
615
225
398
654
645
374
539
694
287
303
580
649
258
515
812
890
1313
386
610
919
579
781
824
1309
299
464
1139
591
777
1129
245
232
277
282
290
304
344
320
250
232
228
278
312
221
283
282
255
319
254
321
252
282
285
318
255
286
249
276
304
280
279
309
279
261
251
249
251
251
217

sIII

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
0.20
0.19
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.15
0.15
0.23
0.18
0.14
0.24
0.25
0.25
0.18
0.24
0.21
0.19
0.25
0.20
0.21
0.16
0.26
0.23
0.23
0.18
0.19
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.29
0.26
0.26
0.21
0.29
0.25
0.20
0.35
0.33
0.26

s
1.30
1.36
1.50
1.46
1.52
1.70
1.95
1.37
1.42
1.91
1.51
1.75
2.00
2.02
1.71
1.89
2.06
1.55
1.60
1.89
1.99
1.59
1.92
2.17
2.27
2.56
1.90
2.15
2.40
2.11
2.29
2.29
2.64
1.76
2.00
2.60
2.30
2.47
2.79

lt
279
336
486
468
552
863
1432
337
376
1058
351
615
1030
1030
595
835
1163
435
476
898
1018
382
806
1286
1429
2227
587
946
1447
919
1213
1280
2073
461
731
1864
904
1204
1784

F
87
178
233
217
291
399
527
5
187
433
63
165
319
437
158
296
412
13
174
283
365
-9
230
334
394
488
63
188
313
179
294
280
439
2
168
393
98
222
389

sII

s = 0.25 ho
397
389
449
475
463
497
565
509
400
400
379
451
507
356
472
446
432
515
414
508
397
444
458
512
410
486
403
448
493
464
443
491
444
430
409
409
406
404
346

sIII
0.40
0.38
0.40
0.38
0.35
0.30
0.30
0.45
0.35
0.28
0.48
0.50
0.50
0.35
0.48
0.43
0.38
0.50
0.40
0.43
0.33
0.53
0.45
0.45
0.35
0.38
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.58
0.53
0.53
0.43
0.58
0.50
0.40
0.70
0.65
0.53

s
1.10
1.17
1.30
1.27
1.35
1.55
1.80
1.15
1.25
1.77
1.27
1.50
1.75
1.85
1.47
1.67
1.87
1.30
1.40
1.67
1.82
1.32
1.70
1.95
2.10
2.37
1.60
1.85
2.10
1.82
2.02
2.02
2.42
1.47
1.75
2.40
1.95
2.15
2.52

lt
sII
295
466
589
541
655
868
1124
136
440
916
244
459
765
911
432
701
897
154
429
677
809
97
530
734
814
1035
250
500
750
472
696
668
964
111
416
837
319
542
865

F
448
565
829
810
964
1630
2748
515
644
2041
556
1022
1799
1899
999
1534
2185
681
832
1649
1997
597
1409
2314
2669
4292
930
1587
2527
1555
2209
2330
4046
716
1277
3576
1459
2040
3391

s = 0.5 ho
733
722
837
887
849
949
1085
919
730
769
698
837
949
660
878
858
822
950
776
978
783
831
844
950
766
935
742
833
923
865
848
941
870
792
766
785
750
743
669

sIII
0.60
0.56
0.60
0.56
0.53
0.45
0.45
0.68
0.53
0.41
0.71
0.75
0.75
0.53
0.71
0.64
0.56
0.75
0.60
0.64
0.49
0.79
0.68
0.68
0.53
0.56
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.86
0.79
0.79
0.64
0.86
0.75
0.60
1.05
0.98
0.79

s
0.90
0.99
1.10
1.09
1.17
1.40
1.65
0.92
1.07
1.64
1.04
1.25
1.50
1.67
1.24
1.46
1.69
1.05
1.20
1.46
1.66
1.06
1.47
1.72
1.92
2.19
1.30
1.55
1.80
1.54
1.76
1.76
2.21
1.19
1.50
2.20
1.60
1.82
2.26

lt
544
717
1078
1055
1325
2331
3986
601
868
2910
661
1289
2394
2745
1266
2089
3065
801
1107
2246
2854
687
1923
3249
3905
6148
1110
2024
3363
1990
2997
3163
5803
831
1699
5187
1780
2677
4781

F
626
840
1066
947
1133
1404
1788
403
787
1410
528
880
1340
1478
802
1178
1423
422
765
1144
1281
310
927
1235
1310
1607
563
938
1313
864
1177
1136
1527
318
743
1332
664
981
1392

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1007
988
1164
1221
1204
1356
1560
1265
1031
1085
947
1158
1326
950
1204
1200
1153
1304
1086
1369
1111
1132
1194
1354
1111
1326
1018
1154
1290
1190
1186
1316
1238
1076
1073
1128
1033
1038
946

sIII

0.80
0.75
0.80
0.75
0.70
0.60
0.60
0.90
0.70
0.55
0.95
1.00
1.00
0.70
0.95
0.85
0.75
1.00
0.80
0.85
0.65
1.05
0.90
0.90
0.70
0.75
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.15
1.05
1.05
0.85
1.15
1.00
0.80
1.40
1.30
1.05

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 206 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

DISC SPRINGS TO DIN 2093

11

602
842
1279
1273
1629
3000
5184
635
1050
3821
723
1486
2902
3511
1482
2590
3949
859
1342
2785
3680
722
2359
4077
5036
8054
1208
2359
4076
2347
3704
3908
7498
884
2059
6747
1984
3184
6096

s = ho
-1173
-1257
-1508
-1500
-1556
-1834
-2200
-1238
-1238
-1622
-1078
-1419
-1774
-1490
-1415
-1583
-1676
-1282
-1282
-1702
-1562
-1077
-1442
-1730
-1570
-1923
-1153
-1442
-1730
-1435
-1572
-1658
-1790
-1042
-1258
-1611
-1213
-1351
-1455

s0M

DIN

C
B

A
C
B
A

C
B
A

C
B

Series

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
45
45
45
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
56
56
56
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
63
63
63
63
70

De

16.3
16.3
18.3
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
20.4
22.4
22.4
22.4
18.4
18.4
18.4
20.4
20.4
22.4
22.4
25.4
25.4
25.4
25.4
25.4
25.4
28.5
28.5
28.5
20.5
20.5
25.5
25.5
30.5
30.5
30.5
31
31
31
31
30.5

Di

1.5
2
2
1
1.5
2
2.25
2.5
1.25
1.75
2.5
1.5
2
2.5
2
2.5
2
2.5
1.25
1.5
2
2.25
2.5
3
1.5
2
3
2
2.5
2.5
3
2.5
3
3.5
1.8
2.5
3
3.5
2.5

2.80
3.10
3.15
2.30
2.65
3.10
3.15
3.45
2.85
3.05
3.50
3.15
3.65
4.15
3.50
3.85
3.60
3.90
2.85
3.10
3.40
3.75
3.90
4.10
3.45
3.60
4.30
4.20
4.70
4.40
4.65
4.50
4.70
5.00
4.15
4.25
4.70
4.90
4.90

lo

Dimensions

1.30
1.10
1.15
1.30
1.15
1.10
0.90
0.95
1.60
1.30
1.00
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.50
1.35
1.60
1.40
1.60
1.60
1.40
1.50
1.40
1.10
1.95
1.60
1.30
2.20
2.20
1.90
1.65
2.00
1.70
1.50
2.35
1.75
1.70
1.40
2.40

ho
0.87
0.55
0.58
1.30
0.77
0.55
0.40
0.38
1.28
0.74
0.40
1.10
0.83
0.66
0.75
0.54
0.80
0.56
1.28
1.07
0.70
0.67
0.56
0.37
1.30
0.80
0.43
1.10
0.88
0.76
0.55
0.80
0.57
0.43
1.31
0.70
0.57
0.40
0.96

ho/t
0.20
0.17
0.17
0.20
0.17
0.17
0.14
0.14
0.24
0.20
0.15
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.23
0.20
0.24
0.21
0.24
0.24
0.21
0.23
0.21
0.17
0.29
0.24
0.20
0.33
0.33
0.29
0.25
0.30
0.26
0.23
0.35
0.26
0.26
0.21
0.36

s
2.60
2.93
2.98
2.10
2.48
2.93
3.01
3.31
2.61
2.85
3.35
2.90
3.40
3.90
3.27
3.65
3.36
3.69
2.61
2.86
3.19
3.52
3.69
3.93
3.16
3.36
4.10
3.87
4.37
4.11
4.40
4.20
4.44
4.77
3.80
3.99
4.44
4.69
4.54

lt
sII
110
223
206
-15
106
210
238
270
-13
122
224
43
139
235
139
212
125
209
-11
32
128
169
204
257
-17
94
222
58
149
146
215
128
208
261
-19
126
190
224
78

F
801
1257
1337
383
693
1386
1479
2010
689
985
1695
768
1432
2447
1268
1840
1427
2023
565
808
1226
1859
2154
2671
959
1213
2602
1650
2657
2216
2812
2578
3213
4126
1557
1834
2860
3301
2421
271
254
281
268
261
305
255
279
307
273
234
231
266
301
249
238
286
270
254
276
264
318
302
256
297
255
253
272
303
282
256
347
313
294
330
250
275
231
293

sIII

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
0.33
0.28
0.29
0.33
0.29
0.28
0.23
0.24
0.40
0.33
0.25
0.41
0.41
0.41
0.38
0.34
0.40
0.35
0.40
0.40
0.35
0.38
0.35
0.28
0.49
0.40
0.33
0.55
0.55
0.48
0.41
0.50
0.43
0.38
0.59
0.44
0.43
0.35
0.60

s
2.47
2.82
2.86
1.97
2.36
2.82
2.92
3.21
2.45
2.72
3.25
2.74
3.24
3.74
3.12
3.51
3.20
3.55
2.45
2.70
3.05
3.37
3.55
3.82
2.96
3.20
3.97
3.65
4.15
3.92
4.24
4.00
4.27
4.62
3.56
3.81
4.27
4.55
4.30

lt
1240
2005
2199
572
1117
2211
2385
3385
1041
1544
2773
1161
2218
3849
1989
3028
2247
3261
854
1242
1949
2940
3473
4329
1464
1910
4203
2528
4151
3478
4470
4059
5137
6674
2371
2957
4573
5399
3755

F
203
383
368
-3
198
361
401
475
4
218
383
92
249
406
248
376
228
364
2
74
230
297
355
432
-4
173
377
125
276
262
367
236
361
443
-4
229
329
383
153

sII

s = 0.25 ho
436
409
469
428
435
492
412
471
497
440
384
368
426
483
402
396
466
442
410
447
430
515
494
416
485
415
410
440
491
456
412
564
508
478
538
412
446
380
475

sIII
0.65
0.55
0.58
0.65
0.58
0.55
0.45
0.48
0.80
0.65
0.50
0.83
0.83
0.83
0.75
0.68
0.80
0.70
0.80
0.80
0.70
0.75
0.70
0.55
0.98
0.80
0.65
1.10
1.10
0.95
0.83
1.00
0.85
0.75
1.18
0.88
0.85
0.70
1.20

2.15 2102
2.55 3663
2.57 4060
876
1.65
2.07 1966
2.55 4041
2.70 4481
2.97 6516
2.05 1620
2.40 2701
3.00 5320
2.32 1897
2.82 3885
3.32 7037
2.75 3478
3.17 5637
2.80 3924
3.20 6044
2.05 1328
2.30 2028
2.70 3491
3.00 5249
3.20 6437
3.55 8214
2.47 2265
2.80 3335
3.65 7895
3.10 4097
3.60 7102
3.45 6081
3.82 8396
3.50 7088
3.85 9407
4.25 12574
2.97 3665
3.37 5294
3.85 8373
4.20 10359
3.70 6297

lt
503
825
819
98
480
783
835
1008
134
512
815
297
615
933
578
825
556
806
106
250
537
675
789
897
114
428
795
386
688
616
818
583
793
937
132
535
721
815
422

sII

s = 0.5 ho
802
764
890
776
816
920
774
905
914
814
737
687
804
921
745
751
872
838
755
828
810
959
938
787
893
778
775
812
916
847
791
1058
953
905
990
777
838
729
883

sIII
0.98
0.83
0.86
0.98
0.86
0.83
0.68
0.71
1.20
0.98
0.75
1.24
1.24
1.24
1.13
1.01
1.20
1.05
1.20
1.20
1.05
1.13
1.05
0.83
1.46
1.20
0.98
1.65
1.65
1.43
1.24
1.50
1.28
1.13
1.76
1.31
1.28
1.05
1.80

s
1.82
2.27
2.29
1.32
1.79
2.27
2.47
2.74
1.65
2.07
2.75
1.91
2.41
2.91
2.37
2.84
2.40
2.85
1.65
1.90
2.35
2.62
2.85
3.27
1.99
2.40
3.32
2.55
3.05
2.97
3.41
3.00
3.42
3.87
2.39
2.94
3.42
3.85
3.10

lt
2758
5195
5642
1018
2616
5730
6544
9359
1891
3659
7716
2321
5121
9658
4702
7902
5222
8510
1550
2512
4762
7241
9063
12044
2621
4438
11441
5026
9255
8195
11803
9432
13269
18225
4237
7179
11810
15025
8031

F
918
1359
1333
309
831
1298
1339
1573
389
898
1296
607
1082
1557
1006
1330
985
1324
312
528
923
1154
1301
1428
348
765
1281
784
1237
1078
1334
1041
1316
1507
400
909
1196
1296
806

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1122
1090
1249
1067
1134
1314
1120
1286
1253
1148
1059
943
1118
1293
1048
1058
1220
1190
1035
1145
1140
1358
1332
1141
1217
1090
1115
1119
1273
1190
1119
1481
1358
1302
1349
1086
1193
1047
1225

sIII

1.30
1.10
1.15
1.30
1.15
1.10
0.90
0.95
1.60
1.30
1.00
1.65
1.65
1.65
1.50
1.35
1.60
1.40
1.60
1.60
1.40
1.50
1.40
1.10
1.95
1.60
1.30
2.20
2.20
1.90
1.65
2.00
1.70
1.50
2.35
1.75
1.70
1.40
2.40

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 206 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

DISC SPRINGS TO DIN 2093

12
3281
6580
7171
1072
3201
7258
8456
12243
2007
4475
10037
2600
6163
12038
5745
10098
6329
10817
1646
2844
5898
8997
11519
15640
2766
5379
14752
5636
11008
9997
15002
11433
16792
23528
4463
8904
14946
19545
9360

s = ho
-1392
-1571
-1712
-1024
-1359
-1733
-1595
-1871
-1227
-1396
-1534
-1104
-1471
-1839
-1371
-1543
-1511
-1653
-1006
-1207
-1408
-1697
-1760
-1659
-1174
-1284
-1565
-1346
-1682
-1527
-1592
-1747
-1782
-1834
-1315
-1360
-1586
-1524
-1430

s0M

DIN

A
C
B
A
C
B
C
B
C
B
C
B
C

C
B

A
C
B
A

C
B
A
C
B

Series

Di

30.5
35.5
35.5
36
36
36
41
41
41
41
46
46
46
41
41
51
51
51
51
51
57
57
57
64
64
72
72
82
82
92
92
102

De

70
70
70
71
71
71
80
80
80
80
90
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
112
112
112
125
125
140
140
160
160
180
180
200

3
3
4
2
2.5
4
2.25
3
4
5
2.5
3.5
5
4
5
2.7
3.5
4
5
6
3
4
6
3.5
5
3.8
5
4.3
6
4.8
6
5.5

5.10
5.10
5.80
4.60
4.50
5.60
5.20
5.30
6.20
6.70
5.70
6.00
7.00
7.20
7.75
6.20
6.30
7.00
7.80
8.20
6.90
7.20
8.50
8.00
8.50
8.70
9.00
9.90
10.50
11.00
11.10
12.50

lo

Dimensions
ho/t
0.70
0.70
0.45
1.30
0.80
0.40
1.31
0.77
0.55
0.34
1.28
0.71
0.40
0.80
0.55
1.30
0.80
0.75
0.56
0.37
1.30
0.80
0.42
1.29
0.70
1.29
0.80
1.30
0.75
1.29
0.85
1.27

ho

2.10
2.10
1.80
2.60
2.00
1.60
2.95
2.30
2.20
1.70
3.20
2.50
2.00
3.20
2.75
3.50
2.80
3.00
2.80
2.20
3.90
3.20
2.50
4.50
3.50
4.90
4.00
5.60
4.50
6.20
5.10
7.00

lt
F

0.32 4.78 2984


0.32 4.78 3209
0.27 5.53 5376
0.39 4.21 1895
0.30 4.20 1838
0.24 5.36 4511
0.44 4.76 2440
0.35 4.95 2854
0.33 5.87 5407
0.26 6.44 7330
0.48 5.22 2800
0.38 5.62 3721
0.30 6.70 6888
0.48 6.72 5535
0.41 7.34 7606
0.53 5.67 3191
0.42 5.88 3572
0.45 6.55 5482
0.42 7.38 8637
0.33 7.87 10401
0.59 6.31 3893
0.48 6.72 4852
0.38 8.12 9797
0.68 7.32 5671
0.53 7.97 7765
0.74 7.96 6335
0.60 8.40 7631
0.84 9.06 8058
0.68 9.82 10947
0.93 10.07 9698
0.77 10.33 10631
1.05 11.45 13104

s
158
150
250
-19
92
230
-22
109
203
263
-14
122
223
131
214
-17
91
124
204
249
-17
94
215
-16
130
-16
94
-18
110
-15
77
-12

sII
270
307
294
330
247
245
335
270
298
253
315
262
240
269
246
306
246
292
303
250
302
255
237
325
268
308
258
304
260
295
246
306

sIII

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
lt

0.53 4.57
0.53 4.57
0.45 5.35
0.65 3.95
0.50 4.00
0.40 5.20
0.74 4.46
0.58 4.72
0.55 5.65
0.43 6.27
0.80 4.90
0.63 5.37
0.50 6.50
0.80 6.40
0.69 7.06
0.88 5.32
0.70 5.60
0.75 6.25
0.70 7.10
0.55 7.65
0.98 5.92
0.80 6.40
0.63 7.87
1.13 6.87
0.88 7.62
1.23 7.47
1.00 8.00
1.40 8.50
1.13 9.37
1.55 9.45
1.28 9.82
1.75 10.75

s
4715
5070
8757
2861
2894
7379
3707
4483
8726
11956
4232
5877
11267
8714
12386
4800
5624
8673
13924
17061
5856
7639
15920
8542
12300
9543
12014
12162
17270
14646
16613
19817

F
279
267
430
-5
169
393
-9
198
354
445
2
218
382
238
376
-3
167
225
355
424
-4
173
367
0
231
-2
173
-6
199
-2
145
5

sII

s = 0.25 ho
436
497
482
532
402
402
545
437
486
412
509
424
394
437
405
492
399
476
496
411
485
415
387
524
436
497
419
491
422
476
398
494

sIII

lt
4.05
4.05
4.90
3.30
3.50
4.80
3.72
4.15
5.10
5.85
4.10
4.75
6.00
5.60
6.37
4.45
4.90
5.50
6.40
7.10
4.95
5.60
7.25
5.75
6.75
6.25
7.00
7.10
8.25
7.90
8.55
9.00

s
1.05
1.05
0.90
1.30
1.00
0.80
1.48
1.15
1.10
0.85
1.60
1.25
1.00
1.60
1.38
1.75
1.40
1.50
1.40
1.10
1.95
1.60
1.25
2.25
1.75
2.45
2.00
2.80
2.25
3.10
2.55
3.50
8376
9007
16634
4432
5054
14157
5724
7838
16213
22928
6585
10416
21617
15219
23009
7410
9823
15341
25810
32937
9038
13341
30215
13231
21924
14773
20982
18832
30431
22731
28552
30882

F
640
617
925
125
417
837
118
474
783
924
130
509
814
577
827
116
411
540
789
897
112
428
777
129
537
119
428
111
474
115
368
131

sII

s = 0.5 ho
814
928
921
980
754
772
1003
814
924
786
938
792
757
818
769
902
749
894
942
790
889
778
737
961
816
911
787
904
790
877
742
910

sIII

s
1.58
1.58
1.35
1.95
1.50
1.20
2.21
1.73
1.65
1.28
2.40
1.88
1.50
2.40
2.06
2.63
2.10
2.25
2.10
1.65
2.93
2.40
1.88
3.38
2.63
3.68
3.00
4.20
3.38
4.65
3.83
5.25
3.52
3.52
4.45
2.65
3.00
4.40
2.99
3.57
4.55
5.42
3.30
4.12
5.50
4.80
5.69
3.57
4.20
4.75
5.70
6.55
3.97
4.80
6.62
4.62
5.87
5.02
6.00
5.70
7.12
6.35
7.27
7.25

lt
11453
12316
23923
5144
6725
20535
6611
10539
22874
33682
7684
14189
31354
20251
32328
8613
13070
20674
36339
48022
10493
17752
43812
15422
29950
17201
27920
21843
41051
26442
37533
36111

1097
1065
1486
388
744
1332
378
838
1288
1460
385
882
1295
1017
1344
359
734
944
1301
1418
352
765
1243
390
925
364
764
350
831
350
674
381

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1148
1310
1319
1342
1055
1109
1369
1145
1314
1139
1286
1116
1088
1144
1088
1237
1049
1255
1337
1139
1220
1090
1061
1319
1151
1250
1101
1238
1110
1201
1036
1247

sIII

2.10
2.10
1.80
2.60
2.00
1.60
2.95
2.30
2.20
1.70
3.20
2.50
2.00
3.20
2.75
3.50
2.80
3.00
2.80
2.20
3.90
3.20
2.50
4.50
3.50
4.90
4.00
5.60
4.50
6.20
5.10
7.00

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 206 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

DISC SPRINGS TO DIN 2093

13

14152
15218
30919
5426
8152
26712
6950
12844
29122
43952
8157
17487
40786
24547
41201
9091
15843
25338
46189
62711
11064
21518
56737
16335
37041
18199
33843
23022
50260
27966
44930
38423

s = ho
-1502
-1615
-1845
-1295
-1246
-1594
-1311
-1363
-1738
-1679
-1246
-1363
-1558
-1465
-1574
-1191
-1235
-1512
-1764
-1663
-1174
-1284
-1505
-1273
-1415
-1203
-1293
-1189
-1333
-1159
-1192
-1213

s0M

DIN

A
B
A
B
A
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
A
C
B
C
B
C
B
C
C
C
C
C

Series

Di

4.2
5.2
5.2
6.2
6.2
7.2
7.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
9.2
9.2
9.2
10.2
10.2
10.2
11.2
11.2
11.2
12.2
12.2
12.2
14.2
14.2
14.2
16.3
16.3
18.3
18.3
20.4
20.4
22.4
25.4
28.5
31
36

De

8
10
10
12.5
12.5
14
14
16
16
16
18
18
18
20
20
20
22.5
22.5
22.5
25
25
25
28
28
28
31.5
31.5
35.5
35.5
40
40
45
50
56
63
71

0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.9
0.45
0.7
1
0.5
0.8
1.1
0.6
0.8
1.25
0.7
0.9
1.5
0.8
1
1.5
0.8
1.25
0.9
1.25
1
1.5
1.25
1.25
1.5
1.8
2

0.60
0.70
0.75
0.85
1.00
0.90
1.10
0.90
1.05
1.25
1.05
1.20
1.40
1.15
1.35
1.55
1.40
1.45
1.75
1.60
1.60
2.05
1.80
1.80
2.15
1.85
2.15
2.05
2.25
2.30
2.65
2.85
2.85
3.45
4.15
4.60

lo

Dimensions

0.20
0.30
0.25
0.35
0.30
0.40
0.30
0.50
0.45
0.35
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.65
0.55
0.45
0.80
0.65
0.50
0.90
0.70
0.55
1.00
0.80
0.65
1.05
0.90
1.15
1.00
1.30
1.15
1.60
1.60
1.95
2.35
2.60

ho
0.500
0.750
0.500
0.700
0.429
0.800
0.375
1.250
0.750
0.389
1.333
0.714
0.400
1.300
0.688
0.409
1.333
0.813
0.400
1.286
0.778
0.367
1.250
0.800
0.433
1.313
0.720
1.278
0.800
1.300
0.767
1.280
1.280
1.300
1.306
1.300

ho/t

lt
0.57
0.65
0.71
0.80
0.95
0.84
1.05
0.82
0.98
1.20
0.96
1.12
1.34
1.05
1.27
1.48
1.28
1.35
1.67
1.46
1.49
1.97
1.65
1.68
2.05
1.69
2.01
1.88
2.10
2.10
2.48
2.61
2.61
3.16
3.80
4.21

0.03
0.05
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.06
0.05
0.08
0.07
0.05
0.09
0.08
0.06
0.10
0.08
0.07
0.12
0.10
0.08
0.14
0.11
0.08
0.15
0.12
0.10
0.16
0.14
0.17
0.15
0.20
0.17
0.24
0.24
0.29
0.35
0.39
45
56
74
67
150
70
177
54
104
195
74
144
254
88
171
320
147
184
416
209
224
567
265
279
599
238
475
276
428
353
639
635
521
885
1436
1748

F
183
129
196
113
242
87
235
-5
105
198
-20
119
206
-14
115
212
-21
88
221
-12
97
223
-7
87
205
-17
120
-11
84
-14
98
-12
-10
-16
-18
-17

sII
247
304
261
227
265
238
241
242
247
209
251
254
222
247
231
231
279
239
230
295
231
214
294
235
232
260
263
240
232
247
241
284
234
274
304
304

sIII

Preload, s = 0.15 ho
s

K Plain

0.05
0.08
0.06
0.09
0.08
0.10
0.08
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.15
0.13
0.10
0.16
0.14
0.11
0.20
0.16
0.13
0.23
0.18
0.14
0.25
0.20
0.16
0.26
0.23
0.29
0.25
0.33
0.29
0.40
0.40
0.49
0.59
0.65

s
0.55
0.62
0.69
0.76
0.92
0.80
1.02
0.77
0.94
1.16
0.90
1.07
1.30
0.99
1.21
1.44
1.20
1.29
1.62
1.37
1.42
1.91
1.55
1.60
1.99
1.59
1.92
1.76
2.00
1.97
2.36
2.45
2.45
2.96
3.56
3.95

lt
72
86
108
114
235
111
279
80
156
344
111
223
416
129
285
495
222
279
664
311
347
976
401
439
939
352
743
425
674
527
1031
961
787
1350
2187
2639

F
317
223
303
220
399
160
385
11
177
367
-13
209
353
-4
217
342
-13
155
368
5
173
400
12
160
336
-9
212
2
155
-3
182
4
2
-4
-3
-4

sII

s = 0.25 ho
405
476
386
398
417
387
379
381
379
370
406
403
363
383
395
358
450
374
368
470
369
369
475
382
366
410
422
397
377
395
401
458
378
448
496
491

sIII
0.10
0.15
0.13
0.18
0.15
0.20
0.15
0.25
0.23
0.18
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.33
0.28
0.23
0.40
0.33
0.25
0.45
0.35
0.28
0.50
0.40
0.33
0.53
0.45
0.58
0.50
0.65
0.58
0.80
0.80
0.98
1.18
1.30

s
0.50
0.55
0.62
0.67
0.85
0.70
0.95
0.65
0.82
1.07
0.75
0.95
1.20
0.82
1.07
1.32
1.00
1.12
1.50
1.15
1.25
1.77
1.30
1.40
1.82
1.32
1.70
1.47
1.75
1.65
2.07
2.05
2.05
2.47
2.97
3.30

lt
136
143
218
203
421
194
505
121
285
660
171
384
798
203
512
988
341
498
1227
475
594
1882
628
767
1842
550
1300
660
1177
808
1814
1495
1225
2089
3380
4088

F
691
497
723
516
797
395
762
108
450
780
77
469
751
94
506
765
91
401
751
125
406
845
142
395
746
89
488
103
383
90
442
123
98
105
121
115

sII

s = 0.5 ho
772
841
792
748
750
725
686
678
743
711
746
730
698
725
743
716
827
721
679
847
674
710
876
715
722
767
779
730
707
716
753
843
697
824
913
904

sIII
0.15
0.23
0.19
0.26
0.23
0.30
0.23
0.38
0.34
0.26
0.45
0.38
0.30
0.49
0.41
0.34
0.60
0.49
0.38
0.68
0.53
0.41
0.75
0.60
0.49
0.79
0.68
0.86
0.75
0.98
0.86
1.20
1.20
1.46
1.76
1.95

s
0.45
0.47
0.56
0.59
0.77
0.60
0.87
0.52
0.71
0.99
0.60
0.82
1.10
0.66
0.94
1.21
0.80
0.96
1.37
0.92
1.07
1.64
1.05
1.20
1.66
1.06
1.47
1.19
1.50
1.32
1.79
1.65
1.65
1.99
2.39
2.65

lt

193
196
304
269
620
258
750
143
380
926
197
528
1157
235
687
1412
392
655
1801
554
801
2684
739
1021
2632
634
1774
767
1567
939
2413
1744
1430
2418
3908
4744

1124
898
1142
842
1308
705
1237
306
773
1187
269
826
1195
285
839
1200
310
708
1214
372
726
1300
389
706
1182
286
855
293
685
285
767
359
288
321
369
358

sII

s = 0.75 ho
1102
1202
1103
1019
1097
1016
1007
939
1029
988
1020
1039
1003
984
1026
1015
1132
999
988
1167
951
1000
1203
1001
1025
1044
1102
992
990
984
1046
1156
955
1122
1245
1238

sIII

0.20
0.30
0.25
0.35
0.30
0.40
0.30
0.50
0.45
0.35
0.60
0.50
0.40
0.65
0.55
0.45
0.80
0.65
0.50
0.90
0.70
0.55
1.00
0.80
0.65
1.05
0.90
1.15
1.00
1.30
1.15
1.60
1.60
1.95
2.35
2.60

248
237
385
335
789
312
959
153
464
1217
206
645
1505
247
857
1823
410
789
2314
586
969
3524
792
1238
3394
666
2176
815
1899
989
2953
1851
1518
2551
4116
5004

s = ho

STANDARD FINISH

-1480
-1412
-1471
-1281
-1537
-1192
-1431
-911
-1230
-1435
-970
-1257
-1437
-944
-1279
-1438
-1086
-1177
-1414
-1142
-1142
-1496
-1182
-1182
-1441
-993
-1330
-961
-1161
-944
-1253
-1132
-928
-1083
-1213
-1195

s0M

D Au s t e n i t i c Sta i n l e s s Ste e l

STANDARD MATERIAL

Design Force, Deflection and Stresses Based on E = 190 kN/mm2 and = 0.3

TO ORDER: Product / De x Di x t / material code / finish code


EXAMPLE: DSC 25 x 12.2 x 0.9 DK

STAINLESS STEEL DISC SPRINGS

14

BALL BEARING DISC SPRINGS


Di
t

lo

ho
De

Axial preloading of bearings with SPIROL bearing


Disc Springs extends the bearing life and eliminates
excessive running noise.
One or more Disc Springs can be used. In most
cases the outer race of the ball bearing is preloaded
with the Disc Spring. In some cases it is desirable
to preload the inner race. Accordingly, Disc Springs
designed for the outer race of one bearing will also
fit the inner race of another bearing.
The recommended preload is achieved when the
disc is deflected to 75% of the free cone heights
(ho). The ho/t ratio is designed so that the spring
load remains nearly constant for a large deflection
range. Tolerance build up and variations resulting
from expansion can be accommodated without a
significant change in preload.

STANDARD MATERIALS

B

t less than 1.25 mm


High Carbon Steel

t 1.25 mm and thicker


Alloy Steel
Austempered to HRC 42 - 52 / HV 412 - 544

STANDARD FINISH
R

Phosphate coated, oiled

Ball Bearing
Size
623
624
625
626
607
608
609
600
6001

634
635
627
629

6002

6200
6201

6003

6202

6004
6005
6006
6007
6008
6009

6203

6300
6301

6204
6205

6302
6303
6304

6206

6305

6207

6010

6208
6209

6011
6012

6210

6013

6211

6014
6015

6212

6016

EL3
EL4
EL5
EL6
EL7
EL8
EL9

6213
6214

6306
6307
6308
6309
6310
6311

Dimensions

s = 0.75 ho

De Di t lo ho
9.8
12.8
15.8
18.8
18.8
21.8
23.7
25.7
27.7
29.7
31.7
34.6
34.6
36.6
39.6
41.6
46.5
51.5
54.5
61.5
67.5
71.5
71.5
74.5
79.5
79.5
84.5
89.5
89.5
94.5
99
99
109
109
114
119
119
124

6.2
7.2
8.2
9.2
10.2
12.3
14.3
14.3
17.3
17.4
20.4
20.4
22.4
20.4
25.5
25.5
30.5
35.5
40.5
40.5
50.5
45.5
50.5
55.5
50.5
55.5
60.5
60.5
65.5
75.5
65.5
70.5
70.5
75.5
90.5
75.5
85.5
90.5

0.2
0.25
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.35
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
1
1
1
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.25

0.4
0.5
0.55
0.65
0.7
0.75
0.9
0.9
1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.8
1.7
2.1
2.1
1.9
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.6
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.45
2.8
2.8
3

0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.35
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
0.8
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
1.1
1
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.2
1.6
1.6
1.45
1.45
1.2
1.55
1.55
1.75

s,mm F (N)
0.15
0.188
0.225
0.263
0.263
0.3
0.375
0.375
0.45
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.525
0.6
0.6
0.675
0.675
0.675
0.675
0.825
0.75
1.05
1.05
0.825
1.125
1.125
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.9
1.2
1.2
1.088
1.088
0.9
1.163
1.163
1.313

23.2
29.3
23
31.3
50.7
46.3
80.6
63.5
80
82.8
81
61.4
118.4
110.2
109.9
113.3
153.5
135.5
141.3
175.6
161.3
184.9
218.3
211.3
227.5
263.4
358.7
287.8
335.3
324.7
292.3
332.3
357.1
397.9
398.2
319.9
392.6
444.8

TO ORDER: Product / De x Di x t / material code / finish code


EXAMPLE: BRG 41.6 x 25.5 x 0.5 BR

Note: All Ball Bearing Disc Springs are made to order.

Di

De

Predictable preloading of bearings results in quiet


running and long life. Disc Springs may also be
used to preload seals, packings, clutches and other
machine elements.

15

DISC SPRING APPLICATIONS


Mechanical Braking System
Application:
Braking systems for off-highway equipment are commonly designed to be
hydraulically actuated. In most cases, braking occurs when pressurized
fluid compresses stationary friction discs against plates that rotate with
the drive shaft. The amount of friction between each set of plates controls
the deceleration of the vehicle. Without an additional fail safe system, this
design alone has limited reliability. If a hydraulic seal is compromised, or
the hydraulic cylinder loses pressure for any reason, the brakes fail.

Solution:
The mechanical back-up design uses SPIROL Disc Springs. Under normal
circumstances, the hydraulic system holds a constant pressure on Disc Springs
stacked in series. If pressure fails to be maintained, the stack of Disc Springs
decompresses to actuate the braking mechanism. A compression spring or wave
spring is not capable of providing the force required (in the space available) to
actuate the brakes. The reliability of this safety system is dependent on the
consistent performance of Disc Springs. In this critical application, the Disc Springs
performance and level of predictability improves product quality and ensures overall
safety.
SPIROL Disc Springs have a consistently high
capacity to store potential mechanical energy. The
conical design of SPIROL Disc Springs makes
their spring characteristics and performance more
predictable than traditional compression springs.
Disc Springs are also capable of providing more force
in less space than a compression spring or wave
spring. They are commonly stacked in multiples to
achieve application specific spring rates: a stack in
series provides less force over more travel; a stack
in parallel provides more force over less travel. The
precise tolerances of each individual Disc Spring
provides unparalleled performance predictability
when they are stacked (either in series or in parallel).
SPIROL Disc Springs also allow fatigue endurance to be predicted. Stress
analysis enables the minimum cycle life of Disc Springs (singularly or stacked) to
be calculated as a part of the applications design.

16

DISC SPRING APPLICATIONS


Pick-Off Unit for CNC Machines
Application:
Pick-off spindles in CNC screw machines are designed to hold a part as it
is cut to length and then finished. The spindle uses a collet to release the
part when it is complete and then clinch a new part.
When the machine is setup, the clamping force required to hold each part
in the collet must be precisely calibrated to prevent the finished product
from slipping (if the force is too low) or being crushed (if the force is too
high). This calibration is dependent on the geometry and material of the
final product. After calibration, the quality of the finished product relies on
a consistent clamping force for thousands of cycles at a time.

Solution:
Left: Disc Springs are compressed,
collet is open.
Right: Disc Springs are
uncompressed, collet is closed, work
piece is clinched.

This high degree of reliability is provided by SPIROL Disc Springs. When


the collet is opened, 16 SPIROL Disc Springs stacked in series are
compressed by a hydraulic cylinder. Each time the force from the cylinder
is released, SPIROL Disc Springs provide a consistent force to close the
collet on the part.

Pipe Supports for Industrial Pipe Systems


Application:
As mandated by the ASME code for pressure piping, proper design and
installation is critical for the performance and safety of piping systems.
Industrial pipe systems are primarily supported by rod hangers, base line or
base elbow supports. While these static supports are used to carry weight,
dynamic supports are necessary to control loads on the pipe system.

Solution:
For example, in heat exchanger applications, SPIROL Disc Springs are used
to accept thermal dynamics. As the temperature of the fluid within the pipe
changes, the pipe will expand (when hot) and contract (when cold) accordingly.
SPIROL Disc Springs support the system by maintaining a constant pressure
at any temperature. This consistency is transmitted to the pipe joint and is
essential for maintaining a proper seal. A well sealed gasket prevents fluids
from escaping and reduces costly maintenance.
SPIROL Disc Springs offer an advantage to coil springs by providing an
equivalent displacement in a fraction of the space. In many instances, such
as under a heat exchangers bottom flange, this space savings is required.
SPIROL Disc Springs are the solution to providing a robust, maintenance free
support system for industrial pipe systems.

Disc Spring

Coil Spring

A coil spring cannot provide the proper support given


the limited space in this example. Only a Disc Spring
stack is able to package the required load and travel
in the restricted space.

17

Innovative fastening solutions.


Lower assembly costs.

Solid Pins & Drive


Studs
Ground Hollow
Dowels

Rolled Tubular
Components

Dowel Bushings /
Spring Dowels

Compression
Limiters
Spacers

Americas

Spirol International Corporation


30 Rock Avenue
Danielson, Connecticut 06239 U.S.A.
Tel. +1 860 774 8571
Fax. +1 860 774 2048
Spirol Shim Division
321 Remington Road
Stow, Ohio 44224 U.S.A.
Tel. +1 330 920 3655
Fax. +1 330 920 3659

Slotted Spring Pins

Coiled Spring Pins

Technical Centers

Inserts for Plastics

Spirol West
1950 Compton Avenue, Unit 111
Corona, California 92881 U.S.A.
Tel. +1 951 273 5900
Fax. +1 951 273 5907
Spirol Canada
3103 St. Etienne Boulevard
Windsor, Ontario N8W 5B1 Canada
Tel. +1 519 974 3334
Fax. +1 519 974 6550
Spirol Mexico
Carretera a Laredo KM 16.5 Interior E
Col. Moiss Saenz
Apodaca, N.L. 66613 Mexico
Tel. +52 81 8385 4390
Fax. +52 81 8385 4391
Spirol Brazil
Av. Vitria Rossi Martini
1441, SL 1 - Distrito Industrial
CEP 13347-650 Indaiatuba, SP, Brazil
Tel. +55 19 3936 2701
Fax. +55 19 3936 7121

Europe Spirol France

Precision Washers
Precision Machined
Nuts

Precision Shims &


Thin Metal Stampings

Disc Springs

Cit de lAutomobile ZAC Croix Blandin


18 Rue Lna Bernstein
51100 Reims, France
Tel. +33 3 26 36 31 42
Fax. +33 3 26 09 19 76
Spirol United Kingdom
17 Princewood Road
Corby, Northants
NN17 4ET United Kingdom
Tel. +44 1536 444800
Fax. +44 1536 203415
Spirol Germany
Brienner Strasse 9
80333 Munich, Germany
Tel. +49 931 454 670 74
Fax. +49 931 454 670 75
Spirol Spain
08940 Cornell de Llobregat
Barcelona, Spain
Tel. +34 93 193 05 32
Fax. +34 93 193 25 43

Pin Installation
Technology

Insert Installation
Technology

Parts Feeding
Technology

Spirol Czech Republic


Sokola Tmy 743/16
Ostrava-Marinsk Hory 70900
Czech Republic
Tel/Fax. +420 417 537 979

Asia Pacific Spirol Asia Headquarters

SPIROL Application Engineers will review your application needs and work with
your design team to recommend the best solution. One way to start the process
is to visit our Optimal Application Engineering portal at www.SPIROL.com.
ISO/TS 16949 Certified
ISO 9001 Certified

4
2013 Spirol International Corporation 05/13

1st Floor, Building 22, Plot D9, District D


No. 122 HeDan Road
Wai Gao Qiao Free Trade Zone
Shanghai, China 200131
Tel. +86 21 5046 1451/1452
Fax. +86 21 5046 1540