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AE451- AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN (Study 6) Instructor: Prof.Dr.

Serkan ZGEN Section: 01 Group: 02 Group members:


FERHAT DENZ (1679729) MISAGH HAJI AMIRI (1527886) GRZAP SMAL DEMREL (1679711) TARIK AKAY (1679620) ARAZ CABBARLI (1646843)

Submission Date: 12.12.2013

Introduction:
The aim of this study is to build an image about the Geometry sizing and Configuration of desired aircraft. First we start by the calculation of fuel amount which is needed for missions, next is the length of fuselage and after that we will consider the wing and Tail geometry and their aerodynamics parameters (such as AR, mean chord, aerodynamic centre, etc) and finally we will select the Engine which will satisfy desired P/W .

6.1 Fuel Volume:


In order to calculate the amount of the fuel this is need for satisfying requirements, one shall consider the volume of fuel not the mass. The reason for that is the density of the fuel will change with respect to temperature as a result it is best to calculate the volume of the fuel to prevent any unexpected situations. However calculating the density is not that much easy and we need to use the reference values for this (Raymer.Table 10.5) Note that we assumed all the fuel will store in the wing integral fuel tanks.

(According to range mission and requirements) MIL-SPEC desity of JP-8 jet is equal to 6.7 lb/gallon (According to Raymer. Table.10.5) So the amount of fuel required is:

f =

6.2 Length of fuselage:


In order to find the length of fuselage, there are two approaches; Statistical data and Competitor data. I. Statistical Data : Length= a* According to Table6.3 from Raymer for general aviation single engine the values for a and c are given as 4.37 and 0.23 respectively and also from pervious calculations we know that . So; {

=a*

= 31.6 ft
II. Average of Competitors: Fuselage lengths for our competitors were given in previous studies. the average value for those aircrafts is as follow : I took average of our 5 competitor with the vlasue given as Length overall ,I think this is same as what the teacher done for fuselage ( I didnt want to search for new numbers in net since our numbers were close enough)
37 ft 5.75 in 33 ft 3 in 33 ft 3 in 33 ft 8 in 23 ft 3.5 in

Length overall

ft 4.65 inch

Both methods give almost same value, however since the current aircraft is lighter than the competitors, the lower value which is found from statistical data will be use: = 31.6 ft

6.3 Wing and planform shape:


From the previous studies we have already calculated that:

lb, W0/S = 38.9553 lb/ft2 S

Also we had already calculated the value for aspect ratio and Taper ratio;

AR=6.46,

, =0.45

By using these values, one may calculate the geometry characteristic of the wing such as span, root and tip chord and mean chord values. Calculation for span of the wing: AR= 6.4= b=29.89 ft (span of the wing) Calculation for root Chord: ( ( ) ) (Root chord) Calculation for tip Chord:

(Tip chord) Calculation for Mean Chord:


4.89 ft (Mean chord)

Calculation for moment arm location from root of the wing: ( )

(Moment arm location from root of the wing)

6.4 Tail sizing and planform:


In this design Conventional Tail is chosen. The shape of conventional tail is shown below. Conventional tails consist of Horizontal and Vertical tail which must be sized separately.

6.4.1 Horizontal Tail:


For front mounted propeller engines, the length of Horizantal tail is 0.6 of fuselage length. (bana gore biraz sacma ama hocca oyle yapti )