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Saeun PauiLne Meneien fi.m.m.


N S E GNEMENTS
S A I N T - l A II R E 1'4 T MAN ITO B A
i fed by
Blane
Horse Division
itoba
leur
s renseignerr.ents contenns dans ce livre
eleves
cation. , les
personnes de St-I,aurent
C1est pour me conformer a
The formation thi s book vas d as a
Bource of for t11e 18 of sellool.
Obla,ts
for publication. HOT/rever, the "whoal
of tile
desire
to see it
shed it.
e puis2 aux sources suivantes:
revue :illSS re des RR PP
de !hrie Immacu:U::e: L I Ami du Foyer, lLYle
d'octobre 1961, et l'autre, par Ivladame
/'
&"1nee
par I! edi teur,
Boutal,
Ie Journal du
du
de gr.!.erne11ts par des
de St -Laurent, qui ont voulu me ra.conter leurs souvenirs; et
mes personnels de cette
I "rish to thank
",ork: Reyerend Father
of the
Ludovic Chartrand, ,'rho
other formation; Mr.
memori e s me, ry
necessary corrected these
this 1;.)ok is
Mrs. Irene
to the
:ne \,ri t11 this
, l?astor; lviI'/> Len Conrad,
, 1'.';1'. Prank Ducharme and )\fl'.
me valuable docmnents and gave me
Connelly, I-[ho, besides sharing
read, commented on, 2.nd, 1-Then
Gabriel Girard, to Vlhose
Desj s,
generously of
, and all nUJnerOl1S tC)
of the
name, '\"rho helped
and encouraged me ll1 [t number of "my;}.
LJne mention. speciale: est J11e au.x: eJ.e'TeS ont
Inaln d.es gra"trures p01J.r ce Ii ; I\.le:x:cUldre
COlltll ..
A tous chac1LYJ. ,
"-
s cere
Soeur Pauline
Bt-Lav .. rent,
,
..::J '--
reprOuUl1;, .9-
et He2.vin
TABLES DES MATIERES
Remerciements
Legende de la Prairie du Cheval Blanc
Legende de la Prairie du Cheval Blanc
Carte geographique de St-Laurent
gravure
La foudre rappellent a la memoire lea souvenirs
centenaires de St-Laurent
Cette paroisse pas comme lea aut res
par lvlne Pauline Boutal CI ,. " 0 " tI It Q ... " (I 111 0 " 0' 4' \10 0 " 1\ O'P 1\ 11[1 C ..
Affaires Hunicipal
La premiere chapel
5
4
-1-
7
Carte de la premiere chapel . 7
La deuxieme eglise 0" e. 111 .. G ~ 0. tJ .., I> .. " II 4> t) 0 10 fI " .. \if c tt 111 $> .a 0 " " ... Q " ~ Q .a 0 0 'it 18
e co Ie It It q, .. (I 10; 0 ." .. ., 0 '1:1 " 111 " 0 ... to 'Ill Q. -8 Q " 1> " '" '" " q /II 0 G 11 " (I " " 6 ill " " ;) 1;1 e 4 " f!I ... Q " I) 24
L'arrive des religieuses .. OOOO.Q'*!t ... l).o tI aoootl.I$O." (I 25
Un voyage a 'rlinnipeg dens le bon vieux temps ..................... 35
Le noviciat des peres oblats
Evenement d'hivers - 1930 a 1974 37
1.4. LEGENDE DE LA PRAIRIE DU CHEVAL BLANC
A If
cheval blanc.
d&'1s la Prai
de notre eli ct se
Une a ffi che nous
Cheval
trouve une a.tue colossale d iun
que: !1Vous entrez maintenant
Q.uelle est l' origine de ce cheval blanc? 80mment ce nOl;} fut
donne a cette on?
Selon une
les vastes
legende
plaines
Or,
Le Cri
II y a t tres longtemps, vi vai t
sur B., un Chef Ass , qui avait une
belle a s deli:X: pretendents: un Cri, et
oux. fut , t 1m cadeau rare, un Chef
et de
issu d
prix; un cheval, blanc neige, ill1 Diablo
ll
,
race fameuse de chevaux Calns.
Au moment c.es noces, le Sioux,
une bande de chasseurs de sa tribu>
cherchant la ve:1geance, avec
et les Cris. Le
de la jeune ordonna au.;:: .]cunes de monter leurs chevaux
et de .sa tGrreur 1a p
r
5;tite
et poursuivit sa course au pas du cheval gris
a Wl endroi t , les
rent le coeur
Le cheval fut capture, Ie
suite on vit souvent Ie chev8.1 blanc
ne le J Les Ie
la jetL'1e fille etait entree d.ans Ie cheval, et
meme s I en approcher. C 1 que 1a
rie du Cheval
freina sa monture,
de son Finalement
du 3ioux
Dans 18.
, m8.lS on
IT de
i1s ne vou1urent Das
fut nom.1'lee 1a
1vleme aujourd t}mi, les
rode encore daDS :La plaine.
crCllent que 1e co
1- Church
St L:.lUrent-
orn th e d i r
December 22, 1969
4- Pre
Lou i s fZ i e I
)ltery
Industrial Park 3- ish hall
5- Convent of the Sisters
MUN. AU
PROVINCE OF MANITOBA
HIGHWAYS DEPARTMENT
DESI GN OFFICE
WINNIPEG JIU'IIUARY 1970
SCALE INCH = 3MILES
PROVINCIAL TRUNK HIGHWAY =====1
PROV/iNCIAL ROAD
RAILwAY
POINT'
SETTLEMENT
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COLDWELL
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MUN. OF WOOOl,uJOS
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U
te at urent
Une outre paroiss, St-Laurent, vient rJ'etre victime dufleou de I'ecloir. Cette poroisse, qui ovait eu
tont de peine a edifier ses institutions, a perdu son eglise, petit joyau produit des talents et des materiaux
locaux. Un demi-sit9c1e de tranquil lite s'etoit posse depuis les derniers grands efforts de construction. Ces
dernieres annees avaient vu fa construction d'une sollet d'un presbytere. On avait recemment fait toilette
neuve dans I'eglise de pierre et on s'appntait a feter centenoire, celui de I'arrivee du premier pnHre residant.
La foudre a transforme ce jubile projete en une sorte de deuil poroissial Au lieu de feter II faudra trovailler
et Se remettre a construire. Le merite de ceux qui en ant 10 tache ne sera pas mince si on en juge par les
constructions du posse. St-Laurent n'est pas une paroisse riche. D'outre port elle fut toujours ossez fortunee
en caracteres et en energie humaine pour surmonter les epreuves et progresser. Elle eut 10 bonne fortune d'a-
voir comme cureS une serie d'hommes trempes, energiques et ingenieux au materiel comme au spirituel. Elle
a aussi depuis au dela de 60 ons des services d'une communaute de religieuses remarquables en
devauement efface.
En quelques articles, no us vous presenterons cefte poroisse "pas comme les autres". Le premier con-
siste en notes historiques des premiers temps, notes redigees en bonne part par Mme Pouline Boutal qui donna
r"kemment une conference sur cette poroisse. N.D.L.R.
nom
La paroisse de St-Laurent mente
un peu :Ie nom qu'eHe porte. Cette
vieiHe paroisse, dont l'histoire se perd
dans 1a Jeg-ende, a droit an premier
nom de saint attribue a la geographic
canadienne. Qui lui a donne ce nom?
C'est encore mysterieux.
Un historien l'attribue au Pere
Camper. II semble pIutat que ce soit
Ie Pere Laurent Simonet, OJiLl., qui
y resida a partir de 186 L
Quel Gge I'll St-Laul'ent?
On. pourrait lui donner differents
ages seJon qu' on es't historien, mis-
sionnaire oucanoniste. Les premiers
auraient ete des Assiniboi-
nes, l'une des tribus siouses, it laquelk
Ies Saulteux et Cris, premiers habi-
tants de Ia region, amaient donne
vers 1650 Ie territoire entre ks lacs
Manitoba et Winnipeg. Un jesuire,
Ie Pere Coquart, compagnon de La
Verendrye dans ses expeditions, passa
quelques mois, en 1743-44, a Porta-
ge-la-Prairie et aurait eu des contacts
avec ces Indiens.
Eli 1824, un premier groupe de
Metis, obliges de quitter Pembina,
devenu territoire americain, s'y se-
raient fixes. En 1826, l'inondation
de Ja riviege Rouge expulsa un autre
groupe vers at endroit. Cette meme
annce, un pretre de St-Boniface, M.
Destroismaisons, alIa y faire Ie service
de Noel.
Abondonne durant 20 Cins
Pres d'une vingtaine d'annces s'c-
coulerent avant que d'autres mission-
naires reviennent a St-Laurent. Pour-
quoi cet abandon? C'est d'abord a
cause de )a penurie de pretres qui ne
sont que deux ou trois dans tout
1'0uest. C'est sans doute aussi paree
que 1a popUlation de ectte epa que
etait encore nomade, les chasses dans
1a prairie attirant les groupes d'un
endroLt al'autre. Et ,'est aussi parce
que les Indiens attiraient davantage
Ami du Foyer
l'interet du missionnaire assigne a
ces regions du nord et qui rravaillait
plutat dans la region de la Baie des
Canards (30 millt:s au nord de Win-
nipegosis) .
Tou{efois la population de St-
Laurent n'ctait pas complerement de-
laissee. Leur proximite de St-Fran-
desservi depuis 1823,
leur assurait certains secaurs religieux.
C'cst a par exem-
pIe, qu' on enterrait les morts.
Quand se forma St-lourent
Vers 1848, qudques annees avant
1854 en tous cas (G. Charette), St-
Laurent ctait devenu assez important
ct assez stable pour se meriter des
La defunte eglise de St-L.aurent avait un fier cloch.er. So construction
avait requis plusieurs onnees de trovoux et avait mis en vedette plusieurs
talents loeoax.
5
visites occasionnellcs de de
St-Laurent attlralt les
pour une raison bien naturelle.
La disparition graduelle des bisons
les Metis a cbercher un endroit
St-Laurent n'avait pas
mais C'CUil qu'and
meme un .:ndroit OU la nature etait
II y avait du bois, du pa-
tUTagc, un grand ,Jae rempli de pois-
sons, du gibier et des fruits sauvages,
En etc. on retournai! fain: 1a chasse
a ux bisons. a r ouest: certains se ren-
daient a \Vinnipcgosis faire du sel
aux sources d'eau salce.
Vel's rannee 1850. on complait
une dizaine de familles dont ceUes
de Charles Lambert et Norbert La-
renee. venues du Dakota-Nord. et
ccJle de Chartrand, originaire de la
Baie des Canards. Parmi les mission
naires qui s'y rendirent a diverses
on mcntionne les noms de
Provencbec de M. Thibault,
Gascon, du Perc Lestanc.
. Premiere chcpelle
En 1857, Ie Perc Lestanc, venu
hire sa visite habituelle a la mission,
Ja construction de la pre-
Ue'S de Celtt' l;l1 pet\[
soutenir cctte date comme fondation
officicIle de St-Laurent. La presence
d'un residant donna a la petite
une ame qui poussa
ce groupement a de rapid.:s progreso
document officiel date
de et r erection en paroisse se
fit en 1876.
_ ..... ...,., du Pere Camper
oetobre 1866, un autre mis-
sionnaire, Ie Perc Camper. venu de
devint son assistant ct vicaire.
20 annees, ete comme 11iv('r,
il visita deux fois ran lcs missions
dans un rayon de 250 milles.
Arrivee <:Iu frere Mulvihill
Lc: ., decembre 1867, une figurc
qui devait laisser une forte empreinrc
sur St-Laurent vint se joindre aux
Peres Simonetet Camper. C etaitlc
Jeremiat Mulvihill, venu d'Ir-
lande. en passant par l'Angleterrc.
II scrait trop long de relater les mille
ct un pctits details sur cett" vie en
COl11mun des trois missionnaires dans
ce COln isole et pauvre, mais il en est
un m'a fait sourire en Ie lisanr.
La coquette eglise n'a plus que !'Qspect d'un tombeau et a pris rong
parmi les defunts.
mler.: cbapeile. Tome petite, 30 par
20 pieds, son toir de chaume abritait
a la fois l'cglis.; et Ie presbytere. Un
petit cimetiere cxistait deja. mais
generalement les morts etaient tran5-
pones et inhumes a
vier au il y avait un pretre residant.
Cest en 1861 que St-Laurent eut
aussi son premier prctre residant. Ie
R. P. Laurent Simonet. O.MJ. Ce-
pendant, d'autres missions de Duck
\Vay, Salts Springs et Tatogan, lui
ctant assignees egalcment. il ne lui
fut pas possible de demeurer a St-
Laurent de permanente avant
1864.
Toutefois, comme "Ia mission"
etait Je cerveau et Ie coeur des centres
fi
Incapable de goulcr au pemmican a
son arrivee. Ie Frere dut se nourrir
uniquement de poisson pendant un
mois. En bon IrIandais. il reclamait
.. , des patates! 11 en fit planter une
bonne provision l"annce suivante.
Ii est probable qu'on essaya la
culture du grain a St-Laurent, car
il est note dans les archives que .. ,
"Ja farine. en provenance de mouIins
a vent dans la region. etait noire et
grossierc ... " II y en avait un, d'apres
ee qu'on disait en 1907, au nord du
"iJ:age, pas tres loin au lac,
Premiere ecole
Depuis l' arri vee d tl Pere Simonet
en 1862, il y eut une ecole a St-
urenL. (2 quo,:
1870 qu'on constrtllSlt une petite
ecole de 18 par 25 pieds au se reu-
nissaient 20 ou 25 cleves sous la
direction du Frere Mulvihill, devenu
premier insritutcur de l'endroit,
Cene meme annee, Ie Perc Simonet
quitta St-Laurent pour de\'enir cha-
du gouvcrnemem provincial a
Garry (aujourd'hui Winnipeg).
Restes stuls Ie Perc Camper et Ie Frere
Mulvihill, un Breton qui l1e parlait
.pas l'anglais et un Irlandais qui ne
pas Ie prirent charge
la mission.
Visite de Mgr Tache
Le 20 septembre 1872 date me-
morable dans l'histoirc de St-Laurent.
Ce fut Ia visite pastorale de Mgr
Tache. Une demonstration grandiose
l'y attendait. car il vcnait d'etre nom-
me archeveque. Le Pere Camper vint
a plusicurs milk., de la mission pour
Ie reneontrer, Canon, mousquers et
feu d'artifice se meIerent aux vivats
des fideJeset Ie magistrat de. l' endroir.
M, Louis de Latonde l'accueillit sous
un dais a sa dcscente de voiture. Par
une allee de sapins, erigee speciale-
ment pour l'occasion, Ie cortege se
J'cndit ensuitc a la petite eglise au
toie de chaume au le dimanche sui-
"ant. 22 septembre, Mgr Tache dle-
bra Ia messe pontificale. Apres la
messe, Ie Frere Mulvihill se rendit
a u pied l' a ute! et ses
dern iet's voeux devant son archeve-
que,
Deuxieme eglise
En 1873, une autre eglise devait
remplacerla petite chapelle. On fit
appeJ aux ames cbaritables de Win
nipeg et d'ailleurs. Une somme de
$500 fut recoltee par Ie Frere Mul-
vibill et Ie nouveau vicaire, 1" Perc
MacCarthv. De son cote, Ie Pere Cam-
per, verit;ble entralneur d'bommes,
organisa des equipes de bucherons
pour couper des arbres dans la foret
et Ies amener vers Ie chantier de cons-
truction. Non content de (la, il
partir vers Ie nord a la region d'autrcs
arbres afin d'en faire des planches.
11 en ramena un chargement tres im-
portant sur des bateaux.
Retraite memorable
au Pere lacombe
En 1875, Ie R. P. Lacombe.
O.M.L. vint precher une retraite.
Anneo? jubilaire. Les fidi:les venus
de 1a Pointe des Chenes et d' ailleurs
plantcrent leurs tentes auteur de
nglisc qui, durant une ne
put contenir la foule qui se pressait
.1 ses partes, si bien qu' on une
rente a l'entree principale pour per-
mean' a tout Ie monde d'assister aux
offices et d'entendre les sermons dll
Perc Lacombe,
Le cote materiel de cet evenement
y trouva aussi son profit, les deux
Scptem bre 1961
ou trois magasins generZiUX' des envi-
rons virent leur chiffre d'affaires
monter avec (ene affluence de clients
qui, hdasl engageaient parfois les
produits de 'leurs fu-tures chasses ou
pecbes.
Ecole nouvelle
Cette meme annce, une ecole nou-
velle fut batic un peu plus grande,
mais surtout plus solide et plus con-
forta ble que l' ancienne. Ce ne fut
pas une petite affaire que de trans-
Doner Ie bois necessaire a sa construc-
tion, de Winnipeg a St-Laurent. Un
agencement, assez ingenieux par sa
]cgerete et sa solidite, fut trouve dans
l'assemblagc de deux paires de roues
de cbarrette de la Riviere Rouge, fe-
liees par une ,longue perche, tiree par
des boeufs. 11 eut raison des pistes
bourbeuseset dHoncees du Lac Plat,
au Ie train bissa ]a marchandise, jus-
gu'a St-Laurent.
Apotre loique
Vingt ans apres 1a fondation de
lJ mission, aucun ordre religieux
feminin n'y rtait encore apparu,
Cependant, a la dema'l1de du Pere
Lacombe, quatre jeunes femmes ani-
veren t de Quebec en ! 875. Trois
d'entre elles n'y firent qu'un bref
BejoUI', mais Mlle Eliza Nay ton y
drmeura jusqu'en 1895, se devouant
aux soins menagers de la mission et
aux malades. Son bistoire est assez
(uricuse Ct, mieux connue, tenterait
surement plus d'un romancier.
Erection en munidpalite
En 1881, Ie gouvernement pro-
vincialerig,ea St-Laurent en munici-
palite Ie separant ainsi de celIe de
Woodlands dont la population an-
gIaise et protestante n'approuvait pas
du tout la decision des parkmentaires,
St-Laurent, a certe cpoque, ne comp-
tait que pen de Blanes, 1a population
etant surtout merisse er indienne,
Les "gros Anglais" de Woodlands
et des environs les consideraient com-
me une bande d'ignorants et de pa-
resseux. Ils se trompaient.
Prestige du Frere Mulvihi:ll
En 1888, un Anglais du nom de
]\.1. Alfred Hepswortb vin t ouvrir
un magasin general a St-Laurent. Il
d..:vint juge de palx, puis porta sa
candidature a 1a mairie contre Ie Frere
.I'v1ulvihill qui etait administrateur
civil depuis 1881, De Ii datait une
rivaIite impla<;abJe entre les deux
hommes; du meme coup cette maigre
population se divisa en deux dans:
les catholiques et les protestants.
le Frere se fait queteur
En 1892, Ie Frere Mulvihill se
Iibera- volontairement de ses
fouctions d'administrateur et se con-
sacra a larecherche de fonds pour
1a construction d'une nouvelle .eglise.
Ses frequents voyages a Chicago, ou
il comptait de nombreux amis, s'eten-
dirent sur un bon nombre de mois,
(M. Daniel Devlin fut son sucees-
seur qui, a son toUt, ceda 51'S fonctions
a 1'vL Alex. DeLaronde.)
Apres une longue absence, il revint
un jour a StLaurent avc la sommc
rondelette de $5,000. De son cote,
Ie Perl' Campr, delegw? au
de 1a Congregation des Oblats qm
eut lieu cette annee-la a Paris, profita
de son voyage pouressayer de recueil-
lir quelques fonds au profit de .la
nouvelle egliseet rapporta a la miS-
sion un millier de dollars,
Construction de IJeglise
On assista bientot aux premieres
pbases de la construction de l'eglise
actulle, Les Frhes Le Gac et Le Gall,
venus un peu plus tot au pays avec
Ie Perc Camper, se mirent a ,J'oeuvre.
On fit appcl aux paroissiens et des
equipes se formhent pour transporter
la pierre; d'enormes roches, tres dures,
en bordure du lac au dans la prairie,
furent bien tot cassees, taillees et triees
pour la construction des murs. Puis,
une autre pierre, moins clure, fut
apportee des environs de Posen a
quelques milles au nord-ouest. On
l'employa pour hire Ies cintres des
portes et fenetres.
En 1893, Ie Frere de By1e, Hollan-
dais, venu de France avec Je Pere
Campr, fut r architecteetle maitre
charpentier du chantier qui s'ouvrait.
Premiere pierre
En 1894, Ia premiere pierre de
I 'edifice fut beni par Mgr Pascal,
O.M.L. eveque de Prin<:e-Albert, ae-
compagne du R. P. Adelard Lange-
vin. Il y eut evidemment de grandes
ceremonies pour la circonstance. Une
bouteille contenant la date de cette
fete memorab1e, ains! que les noms
dela Reine, du Pape, de !'eveque et
des membres du c1erge presents, fut
s(ellee dansla ma<;onnerie.
En 1895, Mgr Langevin, main-
tenant archeveque de St-Boniface,
benitl Ie 20 juin. La petite
eglise au toit de chaume occupait,
parait-il, la place ou se dresse la sa-
cristie.
Construction du couvent
Le Pere Campef fit appel a ]'expe-
dence et au talent d'architecte du
Frere de By Ie une seconde fois. Ii
etait temps de construire un
et de confier l'education des enfants
a des religieuses, mais Ialoi Greenway
votee en 1890 ne facilitait pas pre-
(isement les choses.
En 1896. cependant. Mgr Lange-
vin, en voyage a Rome, fit deS arran
gements avec la Superieure genera Ie
des Franciscaines Missionnaires de
Marie et s'cmpressa d'en communi
quer 1a nouvelle au Perc Camper qui
la recut, on Ie devine, avec joie. Les
coffres de la mission mis complete.
ment a sec par la construction recente
de l'eglis(', Ies voyages a Chicago
du Frere Mulvihill recommencerent.
Arrivee des Soeurs
En 1897, six rcligieuses frands-
caines arriverent a St-Laurent. Catho
liques et bon nombre de protestants
leur firent une reception chaleureuse.
Mais bientot lIes durent demander
de l'aide, car ,Ia tache entrepriseetair
au-dessus de leurs forces. Le couvent
n'etant pas termine, elks durent S2
lager dans Ie grenier de l'ecoIe, tant
bien que mal se serrant un peu plus
pour faire place aux quatre nouvelles
compagnes qu'on leur envoya de
Quebec en 1898.
1898, cette meme annee. du-
rant une tempete, un incendie se de-
clare chez les Peres de ]a maison, qui
menaca de s\>tendre au toit de la
nouvelle cglise. Par bonheur il n' en
fut rien. mais la residence des Oblats
fut entierement rasee. II faIlut done
[ecommencer a batir; Ie Frere de Byle
se remit a ses plans qui furent accep-
tes par Mgr Langevin et .]e Pere Cam
per. Le prix tres eleve du transport
des matcriaux de Winnipeg etant
prohibitif, on se remit une t,roisieme
fcis a construire avec de la plerre.
Anciennes habitations
Des anciennes habitations de St-
Laurent, il n'existe presque plus de
traces, sauf quelques pierres qui f01'''
maient Jes fondations de la deuxieme
eglise au nord-est de l'eglise recem-
ment brulec. Mais il reste, de date
plus recente,]a maison de la mission
aujourd'hui le couvent des Fran-
ciscaines. J'ccole et l'ancien couvent
Autour de ces batiments de pierre vit
une population d' origine.s
indienne, irlandaise, anglalse, -ecossaI-
se et fran<;aise, dont plusieurs familles
bretonnes qui vinrent au pays dans
les annees 1905 a 1909 a la suite
d'un voyage en France du R. P. He.rve
Peran, nouveau cure de Ia parmsse
depuis 1902 au 1903,
(Le mois prochain: souvenirs de Mme
Boutol)
notre concours d' abonne nts (voir
-
rOI
\\
el a
avec une certaine liberte que
J evoquc les quelques impressions
suivant<:s. Ce sont, parmi mes sou-
venirs, ceux qui sont restes .Jes plus
precis dans rna memoir;; t qui me
revolent a 1'epoque lointaine ou je
commenc;;ai a m'initier a une vie nou-
velIe; la vie canadienne,
impression
Nous avions quitte Ia Franc Ie 30
septembreet arrivions a St-Laurent
Ie 29 au Ie 20 octobre 1907. Je ne
peux pas dire que rna premiere im-
pression fut des pI us agrea bles. J e
gens encore rna joie lorsque je vis pour
1a premiere fois ,les bards du Heuve
St-Laurent, dans toute leur splendeur
d'automne. avant d'arriver a Quebec.
Que! beau pays serait desormais Ie
notre! Helas! eet enthousiasme se mit
a fondre rapidement aussit6t depass
1a frontiere Quebec-Ontario. 11 n'en
restait plus rien a notre arrivee a St-
Laurent, Pour moi quelque chos\?
d'hostile se degageait de cette vague
agglomeration de maisonnettes blan-
Pendant 50 ems, c'est ce coup d'oeil qui frappait Ie visiteu. en orrivont a St-laurent.
Aujourd'hui, une route po"ee nous infroduit 01.1 coeur du villoge par un outre angle.
toutes petites, eparpiHces comme
1 hasard Ie long du chemin de fer,
de la route, dans Ie bois. Entre Ie bois
et de lac une immense plaine rousse
et quelques bosquets d'arbres maigres.
Ma deception fut profonde. J'essayai
de m' arracher a (ette immense tristesse
lorsque Ie train s' arnha. Je vis manter
au-dessusd'une maison. puis d'une
autre, une mi,n<:e fumee, vaporcuse
comme un haleiM, indice de vie. de
chaleur intime a ,I'interjeur de ees
murs, Ce pays avait done une ame,
un coeur? II devait faire bon vi"re
La aussi
a des
enfants?
dans ces petites habira tions?
tout comme cbez nous, il
famiIles, des parents, des
Silrement on doit pouvoir y
,. ?
S almer. ...
Mes reflexions en etaient la 10rs-
que je me rendis compte que j'e[ais
sur lcquai de la gare parmi Ics aut res,
NOlls formions un groupe important;
4 familles dont 20 enfants et quatre
jeunes gens celibataires.
Reeeption
A notre descente du train, accuei!
lis a bras ouverts par des compatriotes
deja installes au pays, les questions
et J.es reponses pleuvaient de tout cote.
Les accents rocailleux de Ia cote finis-
terienne que je quittais trois semaines
plus tot ranimerent ma confiance
d'autant plus que les propos etaient
encourageants. Gens de Plabennec. de
Plouguerneau, de Kernovez, de S uis-
La vieilla section de cet edifice servit autrefois de COIIVel1t, Puis les I' ocquerirel'lt,
y aiouterent I'aile de gouche et en firent Ie Noviciot. Eit 1950, les Socllr;; Frondscaines
tronsformcmt tout leur couvel'lt ell 10<:aUl( scola ires, cl!:heterent cat edifice et e, firent a
IlOuveou lellf couvellt.
sen y. de Ploudaniel. votre aeeueil et
plus tard votre ami tie nous ant prc-
cieusemenr servis et ma famdk: ct
moi-mihne nollS en avons garde une
infinie gratitude.
D'autres rencontres cordialcs et
bien sympathiquesnous attendaient.
St-Laurent ne se distinguait pas des
autres villages de son genre et, comme
dans {Out autre village, l'arrivee d'un
contingent d'une trentaine de nou-
veaux paroissiens dut piquer la curio-
site des gens. Mais eeei 11 'est qu'u.n
detail, qui n-e ternit en aueune
la cordialite des visites qu'on nous
fit. une fois installes dans notre petite
maison blanche, elle aussi.
Premiere visitel.!se
Si je me souviens bien la pr.,:miere
visiteuse fut une vieiIIe qui
embrassa rna mere en entran{ ...
"Ah! M. Le Goff, sa femme!" . ,
. 'Elle parlait a peine Ie ce
qui expliqu<, sans doute cetre conver-
sation bizarre faite de bribes de phra-
ses, de gestes rares et surtout de silen-
ces, dans un ininterrom-
pu, l\;lme Richard, c' etait Ie ,nom de
notre visiteuse, cclatait de nre sou-
dainement. sans raison apparente et
se couvl'ait la bouche d'u,ne main fine
moins foncer que son visage et dont
elIi? ramenait son chale sur des che-
veux lisses, bien peignes. Jela revols,
cet te chere vieille, assise deva n t m3
mere. que l'etonncment dominait er
qui faisait des efforts pour garder son
air nature!' Grand-mere encore plus
etonnce,M disait mot. En partant,
Mme Richard, avec insistance, in vita
mes parents a lui fairc une visite. Ce
qui fut promis et execute
jours plus tard. Deux ou trOIS Joms
apres. man pere revint a la
de son travail avee un magmflque
poisson blanc, tout pri't a mettre au
5
four, cadeau de IvL et Mme
Nous n'en avons jamais
bon depuis.
Esprit acci!.leillcmt des gens
IYautres visitellrs vinrenr ct. tou-
jams avec la meme courloisie, nous
tcmoigncrent leur desir d 'eta blir des
relations: iv1. et Mmc Trudel,
des Canadiens francais de la
de Quebec, et leurs enfanrs dom
qlles-uns des compagnons de
classe; M. Desrochers er sa
wnus de Quebec comme les
nos voisins, les Metis
mie Ducharme ct leurs qui
nOllS offrirent une de bois.
Enfin autour de nous, partont. nous
cumes 'lite la certitude que HOUS rtions
bien venus.
De notre cote. nous, les
nous trouvames la meme
a l'Ccole. Une bonne
s'etabEt, tous les enfants nous ac-
cepthent dans leurs
serVl:. Quant aux
garde un souvenir
gratitude, ainsi gu'au
qui no us pretait sa
L1 de catcchisme.
St-lCll.lrel1lt nit::! pas
beoucoup change
Le village de St-Laurent n'a pas
beaucoup change dpuis cc temps-la.
A chaque visite - une au deux fois
Llll --- je retrouvela petit car"
reI.' autour de l'cglisc telle elie ctait
en 1907. Elle n'a subi aucun
ment important depuis 10 ans 10rs-
qu'on a construit Ie nouveau pres-
bytere, tres discret dans son La
route s'ecartait deja de la et
des maiS0l15 voisines cntouraicnr
l'cglise. A peu pres durant la
scmaine, eUe ctait trcs anime.:: Ie di-
manche, encombree de de
Deux Soeurs franciscai ... es s'en reviennent
de leur (mcien couvent, cleve-nil ecole. Elies
continuent, comme elles Ie font depuis 65
ans, 0 sa saarifier pour I'education des jeu-
ne5.
lEn regardont vers Ie
nord-ouest on voir
I'eglise et Ie ,::ou-
vent.
buggis. de traineaux a chevaux au a
chiens.
Aujourd'hui. eIIe connalt une autre
sane d'animation, mais les klaxons
n'ont pas avantageusement rem place
Ie son clair et legcr des greIots, helas 1
Le couvent aetue! des Franeiseai-
nes ctait en 1907 la maison des Peres
Oblats, qui en firent leur noviciat
durant quelques annet's. Le superieur.
Ie Pere Herve Peran, ses dnix vicaires,
les Peres Dorais et Chaumont, ll:s
Freres Mulvihill et Le Gall. ains! que
trois religil'uses. chargees des sains
menagers de ia mission, y habitaient,
J e me sQuviens qu' un jour on fit
"boucherie" et pour faire plaisir au
Pere Superieur, Soeur Ignace s'initia
a 1a confeelion des andouilles a ]a
mode de Bretagne.
Du cote est: queJques maisons: Ie
CercIe paroissial ou 5e donnait les
soirees de paniers _. peu en vogue
aujourd'hui - lcs parties de cartes
et les "seances": un autre cercle le
remplace depuis plusieurs annres aussi
discl'et que Ie presbytere; ]a "bouti-
que" du Pere Peran. OU il forge-a la
balustrade de la table et la
grille du eimeriere qui n\:xiste plus.
Son ouvrier. Calixte Richard. fils des
vieux deja en ete, on
enrendait ies coups de marteau sur
r enclume et Ie ronflement de scie
mecanique action nee par un 111oteUl'
a peO"ok. Une autre petite maison
tOilt a cote etair .habitee un
ton, Jean Leost et sa
Le couverti'
Le couvent er sa buandene
daient la route au sud. Une douzaine
de religieuses et de 15 a 18
naires habitaie'J1t lao Cloltre.
rCfectoirc. chapelle et trois classes
s'entassaient de 1a cave au grenier ne
laissant perdrc aueun pouce
Nos classes etaient tres petites. Dans
la quand on ouvrait la porte,
il fallait d'abord deplacer Ie demier
pupitre. Le sysU;me de chauffage
etaiten avec les moyens de
I 'institution l'epoque. Un tuyau
de traversait la dasse dans toute
sa laissant tomber une cha-
leur ma1saine sur Ie cdme des .cleves
qui se directement ,sous .son
tandis les pleds
ceux en J' ai-
cctte classe son
La nouvelle ecole de 1908
Puisque nous parlons de l' ecole
quelques mots sur ceUe qU'on cons
truisit en 1908. Vous avez pu juger
qu'e ce n'etait pas sans besoin. Toute
en pierre et relire au couvent par un
corridor, t'l1e comprend cave, rez-de"
chaussee et deux etages dont l'un
mansardee servait de dortoir aux
pensionnaires. II y avail' de mon
temps trois classes comme au ,,-ouvent,
mais beaucoup plus vastes. mieux
confortables. }\ u rez-
une salle avec une petitt'
scene separee d'une ciasse par une
amovible permettait de trans-
crs deux pieces en audrtorium.
deux classes, rten dessous,
Ie soubassement avec sa chambre de
chaufferie et une grande salle de r.e-
creation avec tables qui sHvait en
meme temps de rHectoire aux t'xter-
nes.
services modernes
Nous rtions fiers de notre ecole
et cmerveillcs des nouveautes qu '<odie
nous apportait. L'eau courante venait
du puits creuse au milieu de la COUI'
et montait dans un reservoir. grace
Participe% au conCOLU'S d'abonnemenh
De nombreux prix seront donnes a ceux qui recuei! rent
Ie plus d'abonnes Voyez page 16
a un mouJin a vent construit par Jean
Velliez, de St-Bonifacc, L<.'s lavabos
Cf ]es toikw:s a (ert..: c;poquc etaienr
assez rares dans les campagnes et
intimidaient plus d'un ,;co1ier; alars
u,' l'eau hoide coulai! paisibl1?lllcnt
wbinets, l'eau chaue!': en ctair
cradlee en ptirs jets pcta-
rades ou abondammcnt avec de
vapl'ur, [antat tres tantc)[
111oin$ que tiede', Pour ma pan, je
n'v qU'JVCC une' ("naine
apprehension et Ie brUIt cascaciant de
tnure une mecaniquc par
k simple gestIO de tirer une chaine me
faisaH dcguerpir en \'itcssc
Inauguration solennelle
Pour l'inauguration de la nouvelie
0cole, tout un programme fut orga-
nise: bazar, soiree [cereativ,' ..:t
banqut. Le succCs fur complel par-
tout ct It:s organisatC'urs y trouvcrenr
un ailcgrement a leurs soucis finan-
ciers, Pour Ia premiere fois on reunie
Its d('ux salles du fez-de-chaussee er
l'assistance tres nombreust' put (ons-
later er apprccier It's progr0s du sieck
out St-Lament, l'v1eris er Blanes,
carholiqul's et protestants, appona sa
contribution aux (aisses du bazar,
I)"s villages voisins, on vint en grand
nombre se rejouir avec Jcs gens de
l'"ndroir de eet evcnemenr qui mar-
quail une ctape de cinquante ans dans
Ja vie de la paroisSl?, car c'est en 1858
lU;: M, rab!:,,; Lestalh: fit batir la
prt'miere petite chapdlc
La soiree recreative
La soiree recrea.ti\'e de
(bam, musique, declamation et deux
t)peno'tll's en un acu: fut unt verita-
ble rcussite, La scene cclair0e .1 i'acc
tili:nc e( a profusion offrait un
taell' jusqu'alors inconnu a St- u-
rent. /\ ]a de :.1 superieur.:
d<: couvent, Mere ?Vlarie-Anselma,
mon pere s'occupa de ja scene, de
cretr el ,1e peindrc des dccors spcciaux
pour les deux opcrctt..::" L 'unl' "L:s
Chaussons de la Reine }\nnc" sc pas-
sait dcvant un chateau br.:[on et Ies
roles furem joucs par ,"vIari" Trudel
(la rcine Anne), ws deux soeurs,
Amanda et Suzanne, AUJcstine ct
Josephine Hulin, l'vlarie t'r }\l1toine
Le Goff. La deuxieme ooerene TIe
comprtnair que deux r()les >i?t ,sapp".
lait "Le petit ramo!1eur", Suzanne
Trudel d mon frere, Anroine., y
('urent un succi:s particulier. En fai-
sant une pirouette, Ie ramont'Ur perdit
son sabOL qui s'envola, passa au-des-
sus de la rampe et vinr tomber aux
}ieds de Mgr Lange\'in, O'abord
mterdit, Ie Pere Peran eclata d" rin.',
prelude d'uneexplosion d'applaudis-
,ements lorsqu'on vit ,Irs deux j{'unes
artistes faife gentimem la n;verence,
l\ dix ans, c'etait du sang-froid, Les
:ostumes dont rna mere' avair la char-
se avec des reJigieuses
I\mi du Foyer
Le vieux COUYent de pierres tel que vu de 10 COllr por des generations d'etud'antes,
con tribuaicnl
I' epoq u,' a we
authcnricitc,
Les poules
a SHuer }'histolrc ':i.
un ocher d'absoiue
Pour Ie banquet. les
choisirent ct engraisscren t un vea u de
kur troupeau, Je n'y assistait pas
elan! trap J,"une, mais cc ful. parait-iJ.
magnifique et compln, patisserics "r
discours compris, On pourrail {("
Lonnn it'll d'interet qll'offrait .1
ue 1 des pouies dans
cent? 1\ part. ic'S rdigicllses
de Ja qui en gardaienl
q ues II nl's pour la propn: (OnS0111n1.1
tion d'(x'ufs, les ekveurs pill'
t<..it r.1n:$, Un voisin clu nom de- Pcra
ou Pier,'ns en un Oll deux
coupks quil scqllcstrait dam un HOll
de caw sallS sa maison Un .lour. J11.1
lC's lui Jcbeta au de cll1
"shl'llin pien:,
Le couvenl' redevient ecole
]'\OU5 nous de I'l;(Oj",
ava t ck passa J j(' vOlldral'
que l'anci"n COUV'2!H ,:Sl
reVl'llU en qudque Sortt a Ci? qu'i!
fut autrefois, La nouvelle: ecole deW-
nu:? HOp petite, on a rebit des classes
dans !'ancicn cc)uvent: i1 n'y a plus
d'auditorium dans l'ec()le meme, on
a converti tout J'espace disponibl" en
I 0 classes cr les 12 grades y son r
Mais cc n'est pas (out. Ii
q ul'srion de batir unl'
Decoration de
plus au nord,
y a cent ans .
qU fir (onstruirc it.' P0r,:
en ] 896 n'etait pas
cement tt'rmincc au debut: au
c't lc Pen.' Peran contribua bl'aucouo
J l'embeilir, aux traditions ele
$,)n pays, ii fit m,,[[r..' sur I" docbcr
un coc], girollcne 'il (onfcctionn.l
lui-l11,'mc dans sa ' et dont
II crair [res fief. En mon perc.
arrivant de France, 1a chandk
du Perc Cl. 1907, on lui confia
1.1 (h;corarillJ1 de j' Coquctre ('I:
a(cueillantc dans sa robe de pierrt>,
')on bianc et or. son chona
le cimetiere ayait parfois Vair d'ul1 pare argente et Ie <:oq du docbe,
toujolJrs 10 direction du vent.
L'interieur de I'cglisc. On remarque I'autel central elabore ail'i$i que les deux statues
d'cnges.
decore a la manien' des vieilles
de France. elle faisair l'admiration des
visiteurs. Au grand regn:t du Perc
Peran,une chose lui : des
\'itraux ...
Retraite onrmelie
Une fois l'an selon la coU'tumt"
on y faisait une grand.:: retraite. Pour
seconder les Peres dans cene tache de
purification paroissiak. quelques Pe
res Oblars yenaicnr dr l'extcrieur,
Cest ains; que j'ai tres bien conDU
Ie Pere Cam per qui et con-
f.;ssait en sauteux. langue qUl lui halt
devenue auss! familiere Ie fran-
Le Perl' Camper
de perilc taille au teint aux
traits rudes sous des rout
blancs, V u du bas de .J
ctair en chaire ct. Ie son de sa voix
aidant, il pOllvait facilement passer
pour un Metis. Devoue j sa diche
depuis tant d'annres. iJ avait fini par
ressembler .lUX hommes qu'iJ fralt
venu secourir et guidl'f.
Predkcticm poiyglotte
Le Perc Pcran C[ s.::s vicaircs
chaient en anglais et en car
il y avail depuis plusieurs annccs
quelqu.:s familks irlandaises il St
Lauri.'nt. De temps en temps, une
autre langue se faisair entendre dans
i'cglise. anit fait son
dans Ie village a i'arrivee des
triotes bretons de Pere Pcran
quelques coiffes blanches bretonnes
metraicnr un accent particulier a COle
des chales noires deS
Le bois
A rest de l'rg!ist:, ectall h: bois,
Le train du Canadien Narional
n:nair a St-Laurenr trois fois par
Si:maine en dcbouchait a un demi
mille de la gare, Comme aujourd'hui
d'ailkurs a\'ec eette difference que la
grand-roure venant de \Vinnipeg et
suivant 1a voie ferree presque canti-
n uellemen t a en Jeve a u bois tout son
mysterc Amon arrivee, .i'ai vaine-
ment 'flerch"; a sa lisiere- je ne m'y
aventurais pas trop -- Ies cbaraigners.
les platanes, les ehenes que j' ai111ais
rant. Cependant. au pied des trem
bles et des chenes maigres, je decou-
vris nne compensation: merisiers,
framboisiers. petites poires. pembinas
et plus bas sur Ie salles tentacules
des fraisiers avaientun petit air
chant pour un jeune appetit amatt'ur
de fruits sauvages comme Ie mien.
Si .ie manquais de bravoure, j'avoue
que .l'r!:ais un tantinet gourmand.
le bois mysferieux
Mais ne nous cgarons pas crop
dans It' bois, OU il se passaic no us
disait-on, de vilaincs choses. Nos
jeunes oreilles en recolraient quelques
echos he dimanche quand k Pen: ton
nair du baur de la chain: ct mmac,air
lcs coupables de routes Ies punitions
eterncIles ima9inables. Parfois aussi
quelques de commercs
notre curiositc cr notre
imagination echafaudait des sd,ncs
diabaliq ues. Halas et {on n ues. Un
tour pendabk dont Ie Perc Peran et
ie chcrif furem les victimes rcmplit
le village d'md1gnalion et fourni( aux
bavards un nouveau sujet a exploiter.
Je rai dir souvent cc village ne
ressemble a aueun amre au Manitoba.
Les habitations s'ctendent sur une
distance d'cnviron 6 ou 7 milks le
de Ia ronte du nord au sud, j\
res!. l'a,ncicnn..:: proprihc du due de
Blacas aux mains du corote
de Leussc ct, plus lard. en partir a
1a famill.: Kcrouanton est siiuee a
pres de 4 milles du village. Au sud,
je crois qu{' la ferme de M. VieL nc:-
taire normand emigre vel'S 1892, Crall
la Dlus eloignce, Dircctement au nord
V<2;$ la Pointe des Chenes, d'autres'
fermes s'echclonnaientdont certain""
existent encor;: au iourd'hui. Puis
pres dE' ]a mission, Jes maisoDs se
rapprochaienr Jes unes d"s autres. f\
cote de la gare, J'htmj de M. Akxan
Coutu rtait tout nouvellement
(Onst ru i t. Un peu pI us loin, le rna
aasin general de M, Alfred Hepworth,
politique irrcconciliable dt]
Frerc Mulvihill. faisait face a 1.1 rOu
te qui se rend il la mission. En sui,
vant la route vcrs ]e sud. on
dc\'ant un.:: longu,:: matson .
avant appartcnu a un Fran"als,
Bonnet, qui y tenait un magaSln
generaL Elle rappelait par son appa-
renee des maisons quebecoises. Lors ..
que je 1'ai connuc, d1e etait la
priet" de M, Ernest T q,ll1. Y,
vivai! ,w('e sa famdle. L extremac
nord de la matson servaiL je crois,
de laiteric et j'y ai vu en
d'enormes mcuJes de fromage pun.:.
Magas!n de M. Kerr
Presque en faCe de cette maison.
iI y avait une petire boutique, un\,
boucherie que appartenait 11 M. Des-
rochers. Encore un peu plus lOin et
toujours vas Ie 'tll; a?tre
sin general ",",,-. aUJourd hU! en fUlnt;,
ou nOllS venions nous approvl'
sionner Ie pIns souvent, etant
mains eloignc de notre maison. C,,
tair chez M. Kerr, Ecossais et pro-
[estant.
Je n' oublierai jamais rna premiere
v'isite du magasin de M. Kerr. Un
vied employe, IvI. h<?m1-r:e
de eonfiance du patron 111 Jlltngualt
bea ucon p. i I macbait sans arrer, len
tement. Que pouvale-iI ainsi
en servant s<?s clients? Plus tard, mOl
aussl. connu la gomme d'epine\:-
tc Ie sans-gene de deux hom-
mi.'S assis du poele, croquant des
pommC'$ dans un baril
dt: leurs mains sous Ie regard mcl1ffe-
rem de M. Hun ton? Que! toupet!
Un autre M. Boudreau,
Metis descendant d' acadien, disait-on,
servait mes parents. II Jeur remit un
sac de farine et d'amres den,rees parmi
lesq uelies un bidon de petrole don t
il boucha Ie awe une petite pa-
rat", Je n'avais iamais vu de maga-
sin semblable, '
Les rtoff"'$, lcs rubans voisinai-en t
avec Jes hOlIes dt' conserves, 1 jam-
bon. iE'S parfums. les chaussures d
routes sartes. Ie tabac en feuille. etc.,
etc. Par tern: des seauxdu bois 0"
en metal contenant de la graisse, deS
clous. des bon bons, des biscuits sem-
blaient s'offrir au premier venu, Aux
murs des filets de pche, des hacbes.
martea tlX, scics, pocks a frire, cass!?
l'interieut de I'eglise, 011 !'cutel central elabore oinsi que les deux statues
d'onges,
de(Ore it la manierc des vieiHes
de France, elle faisait l'admirarion des
visitcurs. Au grand rcgrC't du Pere
Peran, line chose lui manquait: des
\-ilraux ,
Retraite ol'muelle
Une fois ran scIon la (Outumc,
on y faisair une grande r('traite. Pour
seconder Ies Peres dans eene tache de
purification paroissiale, quelques Pe
res Oblats wnaienr de l'exterieur.
erst ainsi que j'ai tres bien connu
1c Perc Camper qui pn'cbait ('t con
fessait en sauteux, langue qui lui etait
devenue aussi familiere que Ie fran-
Le Pete Camper ctait un homme
de petitc taille au teint basane, aux
traits rudes sous des chewux rout
blanes. Vu du bas de ,j
ctait en chain:, et, Ie son d" sa voix
aidant, il pouvait facilement pas.ser
pour un Metis_ Devou.? a sa Lache
depui" tant d'annees, il avail fini par
r.;;ssembler aux hommes qu';1 crair
v('nu secourir et guider.
Predication !,olyglotte
Le Perc Pcran cr VlcaHCS
chaient en anglais er. en f car
il y avait plusieurs annces
que!qu<?s tamilks irlandais<,s a St
Laurent. Dc temps une
autre langue se faisait
reglis(', Elle avait fail son
dans Ie village it l' arri,'ce des
triott's bretons de Pere Peran dont
quelques coiffes blanches bretonnes
mettaient un aCcc-Dt COle
des chales noires
le bois
A rest de c hail
I.e train du Canadi.en
yenair a St-Laurent trois 10i$ par
semaine en debouchait it un demi-
mille de 1a gare. aujourd'hui
d'ailleurs a\rec cette difference que 1a
grand-route vmant Winnipeg et
suinnt la voie ferree presque conti-
nueilement a enkve au bois tout son
mystere, Amon arrivee, j'ai vaine-
ment cherche a sa je ne m'y
aventurais pas trop - Ies chataigners,
les platanes, Jes (heMS que j'aimais
rant. Cependanr. au pied des trem-
bles et des chenes maigres, je decou-
vris une compensation: merisiers,
framboisiers, petites poires, pembinas
et plus bas sur Ie sol Ies tentact:les
des fraisiers avaientun petit air
chant pour un jeune appeti-t amateur
de fruits sauvages comme It> mien.
Si je manquais de bravoure, .i'avoue
qne j'ctais un tantinet gourmand.
Le bois mysterieux
Mais ne nous egarons trop
dans le bois, OU il se DOUS
disait-on, de viIaincs ehoses. Nos
jeunes oreilles en recoltaient
echos le dimamhe guand k
nair du haut de la chaire et
ll.'s coupables de routes Ies punitions
ctemelles imaginablcs. Parfols aussi
qudques bavardagcs de commcres
notfe curiositc c\ naue
imagination cchafaudait des scenes
diaboliques, noire'S er connues. Un
tour p::ndabie dam Ie Perl' Pcran
Ie ch,frif fUrcD[ Ies victimes rempht
Ie village d'indignJtion et fOllrnit aux
ba\'ards UD nouveau sujet a .
i.e village
Je rai dit souv..:-nr cc
ressembJe a aueun autre au
Les habitations s'etendent sur une
distance d'cnviron 6 ou 7 mi'llrs Ie
long de la route- au nord au sud, }\
'est, l'ilncienn,,: proprictc au due de
Biacas passee aux mains du comte
de Lcussc et, pJ us tard, en a
1a famille Kerouamon est situee a
de 4 milks du village. Au sud,
erais que 1.1 ferme de M. \Tid. no
taire normand emigre vel'S 1892, rtait
la plus Dire-ctement au nord
vcrs 1a Pomte des Chen-es, d'autres'
fermes s'echelonnail1t dont certaines
<?xistent encore 3ujourd'hui. Puis pius
de la mission, les maisons se
rapprachaient les un"s des aut:-es, A
cote de 1a gare, 1'hotel de M. Alexan-
dre COUtU ctait tout nouveHemen
construit. Un p-eu plus loin, Ie ma
general de M. Alfred Hepworth,
politique irrcconciliabl du
Frere Mulvihill. faisait face a L. rou-
te qui renel a la mission. En sui-
vane 13 route vers le sud, on passalt
devant une longue maison blanche
ayant appartcnu it un Fran<;ais, M
Bonnet. qui y tenair un magaSIn
general. Elle .rappelait, p,ar ,son appa-
rence des malsons quebecoises, Lors-
que je rai connue, eLIe crait la pro-
prictr de M, q,Ul,
vivait avec sa tamdk L exnemlte
nord de la maison servalt, je (rois,
de laiterie et j'y ai vu en passant
d' enormes meules de fromage jauJ1(;'.
de M. Kerr
Presque en face de c-ette maison,
il v a\'ait une petite boutique. une
que appartenait a M, ,Des,
rochers. Encore un peu plus 10m ('t
toujours wrs Ie md, Ul; a?tre
sin general - aUJourd hu! en
au nOllS venions nous approv1
sionner le plus souven-t, hant k
mains eloignc de notre maison. C'e-
tair chez M. Kerr. Ecossais et pro-
testan r.
Je n'oublierai jamais ma premierr
visit" du magasi.n de M. Kerr, Un
vieil employe, M. Hunton, hom me
de confiance du patron m'intriguait
beaucoup. il machait sans arret, len-
tement. Que pouvait-il ainsi manger
en servant ses clients? Plus tard, mOl
aussi, i'ai connu 1a gomme d'",pinet-
te ,"Et Ie sans-gene de deux horn
mes assis pres du poele, croquant des
pomrnes prises dans un bari! a
de leurs mains sous Ie regard
rent de 0v1. Hunton? Que!
Un commis, M. Boudreau.
Metis descendant d'acadien, disait-on,
servait mrs parents. I1 leur remit
sac de farinc et d'autres dendes parmI
lesq ue lIes un bidon de petrok don t
il boucha lc bee awc une petite pa-
tate. Jc n'avais iamais vu de maga-
sin sembJabJe. .
Les croffes. les rubans voisinaienr.
aWL les hoites de cOl1serves,le
bon, Ies parfums.les chaussures d
toun's sortes, Ie tabac 1m feuille. etc.,
<?tc. Par Lerre d<,s seaux ,du bois 0
1
.'
en con tenant de la graisse, des
clous, des bonbons, des biscuits sem-
blaient s'offrir au premier venu, Aux
mUrs des filets de peche, des hache"
martea llX, seil's, poeks a frire, (asse
roles, Jampes a de tome care-
gorie faisaient aux etageres d<.:r-
riere Ie comptoir. Au plafond quan
tit de rubans de papier rue-mouche
ctaient noires de b('stioles. Curieux!
""" .... Mon regardreven u vers les seaux
de bonbons. je me dis: "La-bas a
Lanhouarneau. Marie - Yvonne ne
laisserait pas trainer ses bonbons
ainsi a a -ph:ins seaux a la portee de
tout le monde:. Ma mere pour nous
fain: plaisir fit ajourer a sa comman
de un petit sac de ces ra vissants bon-
bans colores, f1euris. dont certains,
ceux qui etaient en forme de coeur.
portaient des inscriptions en anglais
que j'essayais de comprendre. ivler-
veilleux: Notre gout pour Ies bon-
bans en seau en resta lao Decidement
ils n'avaient pas la finesse des bon-
bons de Marie-Yvonne.
Un autre villoge
A pres de trois milles de la mission.
dcpasse recole Simonet - un autre
magasin general appartenant 0 a M.
Chartrand approvisionnait les "gens
du sud": 1('s Devin, Char-
trand. Flamand, Lavallee, Landry.
Cyr. Calvez. Combat. Mougin, Mer-
cier. Vie], Labous, Hulin. Palud, etc.
C'etait encore un autre village.
En remuant les souvenirs du Sr-
Laurent de mon il en est
un que j'ai ere maintes f01s J mes
oatents. mais pergonne ne scmbla
,Jartager mon impression a (c mo-
ment-Ii! ou tout au mains on D'y
preta pas grande attention, Nous
avions un voisin a Brest qui s'appe-
lair M. Croeq. comptable au chemin
de fer et vivant en Bretagne depuis
nombte d'annees: il avait garde son
accent normand. En ecoutant parler
les Peres, reJigieuses, les Canadiens
fran<;ais de rendroit. je fus frappee
de certaine ressemblance avec ]' ac-
cent de M. Crocq. J'ai constate depuis
au cours de mes voyages en France
que j' a vais un peu raison.
Souvent dans mes promenades a
St-Laurent, j'ai visitele cimetiere.
Des gens que j 'ai bien conn us y re-
posent, des Chartrand. Chaboycr,
La croix du eimetiere reluisoit d'un eclat
de resurrection aux jeurs de verglas.
Le Rev. P. Paul lebel, VleOtre et mis-
siennoi,e, et Ie Rev. P. Lucien Brossard,
cure, sont ici devant leur presbytere. La vue
des ruines de I'eglise en foce d'eu,," n'est
guere egayante.
Carriert:, CoutU. Bouer. Trudel. Con-
nelly, Ward, Calvez, Combot,. Ri-
chard. Colliou, Kerbrat, Kerouantol'!,
Leost. Sanderson, Kline, Labous,
Beauchamp, Campbell et combien
d'autres, Une des deux Franciscaines
q Ile je voyais passer en voirure devan t
la maison tous oles jours en rourt: vers
l'CcoJe Simonet. Mere Marie-du-Roc
y repose 6galemen L
Cimetiere de campagne, rustique,
faisant face a J'6glise et, comme elIe.
avant deja largement depasse Ia cin-
qllantaine, tous deux temoins d'une
cpoque Oll rayonnaient les artisans,
leur savoir, leur talent de dHricheurs,
tout kur coeur et lenr mis a I'oeuvrc
un demi-siede plus
te,l par les tout
res et Ies quelques famtlles qUI constl-
tuaient Ie noyau de la paroisse ac-
tuelle.
St-laurent Clujourd'hui
St-Laurent, aujourd'hui eclaire J.
l' 0lectricite. but promenades. cen-
ttc de villcgiature pour de nombreux
ciradins, relie a Winnipeg par une
route magnifique, beneficie des avan-
tages de la ville sous bien des rapports
sans trop alterer ]' aspect primitif de
son visage grace aux batisses en pier-
res qUI en son t Ie coeur et l' espri [,
J e remetCle Ie Seigneur d' avo! r
cpargne ces vcncrables maisons, (Ceci
fut eerit avant l'incendie de mai. II
ne suf fi t pas que chaq ue genera tion
produis..: un type special d'individus
dont Ie principal soud semble devoir
etre de boule verser la paix du 1110n&z,
raser. aneantir, effacer irrevocable-
menr tout vestige du passe; trop sou-
vent helas: les flammes arrivent ,lUX
memes resultats desaslreux. L'igno-
ranee. l'indifference, l'appat de l'ar-
gent, les soucis pratiques qui taillent
a tort et 11 travers, construisent et
demolissent sans aueun
condamnent a l' abandon au a la
destruction Ies plus beaux temoigna-
ges de notre histoire. Nous en avons
si peu notre pays est sl jeune!
conservons au mains ce peu que nos
devanciers nous ont laisse!
!.es nombreusEl$ pierres de St-lourent devaient un jour
inspirer qllelqu'un Q batif une g.otte_ Ce rut Ie R. P. A.
Veilleux, lup;6rieur du Naviciat, qui 10 fit cOllstruire en 1947
Pl:lt 1ll.Wlltes,
St-laurent s'appelflit autrefois Ie icc Manitoba. Le
'VoisinQge du grcnd lae Clssure non s",ulement quantite de
poissons mais Clu5si des scenes de beaut' serll'ine comme
ceUe photo 1'lIlusty!!.
En 1878, Hoodlands fut
premiere reunion du
La Pointe-des-Chenes,
ouest 5 la commune ,rangs
faisaient partie.
incorpore comme municipalite, et 1a
fut tenue en janvier 1879. .St-Laurent,
que les communes 16 et rang 4
2 et 3, a l'ouest de Shoal Lake en
M. Charles Howard de Lac Francis representait Ifarrondissement
mentionne ci-dessus, ne put faire grand-chose, ayant cinq
conseillers lui. A ce moment la ces terres avaient une
evaluation assez haute et le revenu qui allait a 1a municipalite
l'aidait cacement. Ce1a continua pendant deux ans, apres
quai 1es Laurentiens au Gouvernement Norquay de
deto.cher St-Laurent de Woodlands, et d'en former une municipalite
On 'comme limites: 1a commune 16, rang 2,
avec 1es de St-Laurent et la Pointe-des-Chenes. En 1895,
quand Ie Frere 11 son journal, ces 1imi tes
existaient encore. En les limites de la de
St-Laurent sont: les 16 et 17, rangs 2,3,4, et la moitie
ouest de la commune ,rru1g 2. (Renseignements donnes par le bureau
de la muni )
La demande fut ee par M. Lipsek, depute pour St-Laurent,
et appuyee par l'Honorable M. Lariviere, membre du Gouvernement
Norquay. Elle fut et votee, et la municipalite de St-Laurent
fut incorporee Ie mars, 1882.
La premiere on du Conseil se tint Ie 17 janvier 1882, et
le premier statut vote le 21 du meme mois.
A part des
St-Laurent a ce moment
des Metis et des
, il nly avait que 2 ou 3 blanca a
La majorite de la popUlation etant
En novembre, se reunit pour elir les officiers
municipaux. On Mulvihill a cette assemblee, et
il fut , a 1 f , comme President du Conseil. Le
les gens de cette marque de confiance, mais refusa
la position, a cause de ses nombreuses occupations. II savait que
les ants du n'avaient pas l'experience necessaire
pour mener les cipalite, et que la plus grande
partie cles travaux tomberait sur les epaules. II etai t dej a
en charge de l'ecole, et de bien d'autres choses dans lamission,
et il s qui nf pas Ie temps de s'occuper de la
municipalite. s les Laurentiens, sachant qu IiI etait la
personne la capable de remplir cet office, envoyerent une
demande a . Tache, Archeveque de St-Boniface, lui demandant de
persuader Ie d'accepter la position. Mgr. Tache, qui
connaissai t bien les gens d.e St-Laurent, et comprenait leurs
difficultes, donna l'ordre au Frere de se laisser faire. Le
Frere et il ftrt elu par acclamation, en decembre 1881.
- 1 -
Les Conseillers pour cette aDnee la furent: Messieurs Daniel
Devlin, Pierre Chartrand Jean-Hoise Ducharme, Damase Boyer,
Pierre Chaboyer, (fils), et Pierre Lr:werdure.
o w ~ e on 1'.'1 deja dit, la premiere reunion se tint le 17
janvier, S8ns un sou en caisse. Tcmtefois, pendant l'ete, la
municipalite regut un octroi de $hOO.OO du gouvernement
provincial, c o w ~ e toutes les municipeJ..ites d'qilleurs. Du reste
le gouvernement de M. Norquay a toujours ete favorable a
St-Laurent.
Plusieurs ameliorations rurent fai tes, meme la premiere annee II
sur le chemin public, entre la mission et la Pointe-des-Chenes,
Le Conseil donna aux entrepreneurs des billets a ordres, pay-
abIes en decembre de 1'1 meme annee. Ces billets furent remis
au gerant du magasin de la Baie d' Hudson, a la Pointe-des-Chenes,
qui les paya aux hommes en nature. Par 1.'1 suite, Ie Conseil eut
toujours assez de fonds pour subvenir a ses depenses n
D' aut res anJ.eliorations furent faites, non seulement sur le
chemin public, mais sur celui qui partait de ce chemin et qui
conduisait au lac, au nord et au sud du village; et aussi sur
Ie chemin de I' est, jusqu I a un mille plus loin que les lots de la
paroisse. Cc:la faisai t sept milles et demi de bon chemin, dont
cinq milles passaient dans le bois, et il avait vingt-deux pieds
de large. Non seulement c'6tait un bon chemin, mais il etait un
bon coupe -feu, qui pouvai t sauve I' le village en cas de feu de
prairie.
II faut crolre, que pendant ce temps le Frere Mulvihill
s'acquitt.'1it bien de ses fonctions, car il fut reelu par
acclamation pendant les huit premieres annees de l! existence
de la m'J11icipalite.
En 1888, un A.'1g1ais, 1',10 Alfred Hepworth, arri va a St-Laurent,
et ouvrit un magasin generaL 11 reussit tres bien et plus tard
devint juge de paix. Hais il n' aimai t pas la manierc que les
autorites municipales menaient leur affrdre. II slopposa, en
particulier, et tres fortement au Frere MulvihilL Selon lui,
l'influence de "l'Eglise:! n'avait pas de place da.'1s les affaires
civiles. Elleetait nne influence nefaste, dont tout homme
intelligent se dev,<cit de se dc-barrasser, au plus tot. Done, en
novembre 1889, il pasa sa ca.'1didature contre celle du Frere pour
la position de President du Conseil. II travailla fort, et fut
bien etonne gU&'1d. il echouao Le vote etai t ouvert, et oraL
Bien que plusieurs de ses .?Jl1is voterent pour lui, il cru
t
, et le
dit bien haut, que si le vote avai t cte secret, il eut certainement
gagne.
Dans le cours de lYannce, l'acte municipal fut amende, et
dans la suite le vote fut secret. Cette annee, egalement, la
municipalite St-Laurent fut amalgam.ee avec celle de Posen, au
- 2 -
nord de St-Laurent, et plu;" de
terrain, qu'une Les
habita..l1ts , Proteste .... '1ts, et,
a cause de sur leur vote dans les
elections futures. Ce nouvel de chases n 1 pas a_
I' avant age de St-Laurent, ear il n!y maintenftnt CLu lun
conseiller a..l1t Ie , dl'U1S Ie conseil
et un pour Shoal. Lake et deux pour Posen.
L 1 Acte d' education de 1890, t
priv.<lnt les CLues de secours
done ee
passe par
financ
ant.
il Y eut trois ca.'1didats pour l'offiee c.e President,
Ray, et Clark, tous s stants. On se
sa ca.ndidature. On
en 6tait pas cert
en court, par des
que Ie Frere,
, car, dsns Ie cours de 11 il fut
sans autorisat ent
de de
que
fois
Don c, on n i et
mal s Monseigneur
Ie peuple
On fit la campagne
....
a
a vl'tin ere ,1
pas certain s'il so
crut preferable qui
QU!
et nui t, pour ne pas manquer, aut ant
personnes susceptibles de voter. Un
retira en faveur de M. HepvTorth, ce
des pos:i slil
Ce
r
trihunaux, lTIalS
qu 'on dit
fut
enterait aux ctions;
, et que
cident.
se
dit-on,
Beaucoup de gens de Posen et de Sho!:?l Lal\:.e voterent en faveur
du Frere; d 1 aut res disaient que c 1 etai t ai t
Cathr.;liQue, s'il ne I' t pas etc, en sa
faveur. ?ar contre llun M. ':rom Seaman, non seulement
lui donna son vote, mais de plus t lla pOUT
leurs efforts Ie fut victorieux pa,r un v0te de
sonnne de ceux de ses deux a/tvers IV(. Seaman, qu_i
a Posen et M. Devlin de St fut tresorier,
dans Ie nouveau Cons
A la fin de 11 et
) Ie fut en core une
Shoal Lalte vat a pour lui.
En fin d
1
restaurer la St-Laurcnt
mOI'1ent aUG s i, Ie
, et it pour Chi
fonds pour la construction de la nouvelle
Ie remplagao
- 3 -
les
'llout
au gouvernement
ccmxae ell ; 6tai t auparav.nt.
G].onna eor:mle
de r des
Ivl. Dan Devlin
Le
moment-
de 18,
de M.
ctions et redevint
cembre 1893. p,_ Ce
financi
Au moment des
de sen
volontiers, au
gggna encIJre 1es
A 11 autornne de 1896, lir. lUeX911dre DeLarond,::; fut
C0l11.I!18 canclidat pour 1a !vl, DeLaronde
"wait fait un bri11ant COUl'S class
de St-Boni face. Il aVf.ii t re du 1? 8.nnee
preccclenTe. 11 fut
Messieurs: 1. Atkinsr:m et
Les Conseil1ers pour 1 f
Victor Coutu pour St-Laurent,
pour Shoal Lake. DeLaxonde <luitta 1a murri
furent:
la fin de 1 f 1897 pour 011 il
Comme les pas dens les
Au dias affaires municipales, ils
aux reunions du conseil. Les affai:res un peu embrouillees,
toute 10. nuit, i1s dem8.l'1derent au
aux affaires
resta personne
d! aut res
suivante. On ici, la
,
Ie rec18J11aient p.il1eurs.
En 1890, comme n ous 11 aVOD s eli t
r1ani tobain passa un Acte 7 Education <lUl
Ie gouvernement
pri vai t les Catholi<lues
les enfants Catc de leurs s Ce <lui
d 1 o.ller a des s que leurs , avec
raison de Hspns Dieu
ll
0 Ceci
formo.i t pas du progra .. 'l1'J1:'lJ3
aussi avec ce 3ujet est
ets profanes
s
ctest
ne 11
plus
Pour soutenir les de
de $200,00 et un:; aut re
progra'TIme
fut passe, on ne donna
pas.
a une taxe
les
11
sur les 20 sectlOD::J
5e conformeti t pas
0.::: terro.in entourant
de 1 r 1\.cte
par la
user de
de 1890,
octroi.
Pour l1ann6e 1892, et moit de 1893, l10
fut 1e aux deQx de
St-Laurent; LeB ecoles du
4 -
a fonctionner com_me elles l' avaient toujours
re coltnne des s catholiques, cela,
pour les de 1893, et pour toute
l'annee 1894 et celIe de
En septembre 1897, les Missionn-ai-
-.. res de Marie, se Ch'3Tgerent Les s
promirent aux s , $300.00, a condition que la
cipalite les Ce la fut L! oct roi du
gouvernement pour 11 automne de 1897, et 1e printemps de 1898
fut Or:. donna trois octrois de $21fLOO, COnLme s I
ecoles.
l'opposition a toute ne
se conformait pas aux 1'oct
toujours e
contraire aux ordres du
pouvai t s 'y attendre d I , une de la
part des de Shoal L:".ke. Ceu.x de
St-Laurent aussi deux:, Done, au vote, cela 6tait
toujours deux pour, et deux contre. Janc, Ie President 1e
vote if, Cormne ,(1e 11), deSt-Laurent,
le vote et ai t touj ours en faveur du C 1 est ClU I on
disait Clue et difficile a vaincrel!. C:l,uant au Frere,
il qu I il ne voulait que la justice, surtout envers les
Soeurs, dont Ie salaire ait l'Qi1ique gagne-pain. A l'automn0 de
1897, l'Archeveque donna $100,00 aux pour 1es aider
a boucler leur budget.
En fevrier 1898, l'octroi cipa1 fut donne au.x ecoles
conLme d 'habi tude. Les Conseil1ers de Shoal Lake protesterent
encore. On leur qulon s'en occuperait. Rien ne fut fait.
A10rs ils de f0ycer les l1ers Laurentiens de
rembourser de leur propre ; Trlais i1s n 'y
". . .
reUSSlrem:; pas.
A l!automne de 1898, 1es 1
1
octroi
de $200.00 u.n aui:; re, 3p Un.:: bonne part
de 1a somme fut recueil1ie, pas toute, narce Clue
,
villageois G.e passage et autres ne pas leurs
impots. Qua.'1d 1es 8.ient PI1S 'Pays, Ie terrain ait
en vente; et si per80nne ne llachetait, il tala
municipalite de 11acheter. En prix d!achat, elle devait
payer $30,00 pour en l' 1e
'l'outefois, les contre-temps, ,st-Laurent demeura uno
autonome avec sonpropre jusClu! en 1929. Le
2 j envier de cette rmnee- on fit la e1e
Les elus alors furent: iVl.ILvL ,ident du
Conseil; Consei11ers: Messieurs Fred A'lderson, Ludovic Chart ra-nd ,
Angus chard, Hamon 5 Fred Olson et J0hn Emms.
Au mois de JUll1 de 1ft , l' ctat des finances n I eta.nt
pas s , on demancla u.n aentant au Ut
- 5 -
, de examiner les comptes. Le resultat fut que
St-Laurent passa SOllS 1 f e de ce et H.
Hunt0I', qui etait l,renu voir les liv:res, fut nOmlnc
Adrninistrateur. Cet de choses dura jusquien 1972, quand un
conseil consu1tatif fut pour aider notre
son Ceci
gens, 11occasion,
munJ. , du
ce qUl concerne 1e bien
dans
aux
Le Cons 1 Ylllli'1
compose (ie;
lear les Laurentiens,
en 1881, r1u 2.vi hi 11 , dent, elu par
acclarnation; Cons 11ers :
Jean-Mois Ducharme; De..rnase Boyer,
Pierre Laverdure.
Le
rye
dl] Conseil
Chartrand,
) et
d.e
St-Laurent pendent trei ze ans. 11 fut par acclamation huit
, et
Les noms des
haut 0 Le
Len ConrfHl,
conseil elus furent
John Dyck, Leo
conseil furent
f fut en
en offi ce. Les
11ie Dmnont, Abe
, Alvin Ramsay et Lorne Jc)hnsono
- 6 -
plus
M.
membres (iu
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1858 . I
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N
I
LA PRE!lIERE CHAPE:i:;LE DE SAINT LAURENT
CONSTRUITE EN 1858
CONSTRU CT ION
Pendont ObI at
de
habi taient sur les bords
fonder
l\lrmj.t()ba,Q l'endroit au devait
Laurent. les
et les aut res travaux de son f.)
d I equarrir des troncs d! arbres dans
lIe; et IGS fit tnw.sp:)rter sur lo
a le nom de 13,
Vve. J-:B, Boudreau, en
reste debout. Le
printemps, arri va
1
7
0rdre de
et
....
C 8.
une lettre de
son travail,
ouvrir un novi
8eS
du cathechisme
il s t occupa
une petite
..
, al')res
sud de la
de
A fin du mois d 1, R on tour 11 abbe Zephirin
Gas con; i 1 n 1 ai t pas en core Oblat; mai s il le devint 1860.
Ne trouvant plus de s r,,1..tb,
n
our de 120 construction du Perc
LesttU1.C, s:)11ici fc)rtement prlr des Metis la
chapelle de chez tUX, et pour cl.
1
autres
nous mentionnerons tarc1 11 abbe Gas con
en transporta 1es morceaux a 11 OUest du
les 12 chaines de , sud c1u lot No.2>
a Jos Allard. II COmmf211C.", le travail d::ms
septembre, ai de
vel'S 112 et
retenu par de la terre.
de J.&,'Ulciens
mcsurait 30
DIVISION
avec
de
couvri'c la
Les murs
de la
par
actue1, sur
aujourh'l1ui
jours de
tourng la
gros :foin,
, a 1a mode
La
f1Y8nt. ard 8. 11 automn.e, 1 r abbe Gascon
ne put se faire nne
quitter Michel Chartrand,
chez ,il
s letablit
1112.
:-.ques qui
(Apres Ie
1859, on ajouta
sa
Les cleux
avant 1 'hi ver. s voulant
11 hospi t , et avoir un
11
10. gr8ncle pour 18.
ru1te pour 1es catholi-
assister 8. 18. 11l.eSSe,
G:1S con pour Ie
cote su.cl de la
ai t au missionnaire
, sans passer pAT 1 i ext
en mars
de
chacune un poele de la dt]Nuclson.
Ces 8nt comr!10ae s!) et
se reman.t trf:s f'J2 cilement ne
grand place dans les caxlOts ou les charrettes. TIs
Ie nom de ffCaron;l ,ctait-ce no>,n du
ou ce , Je no saurais Ie
II y ce et llans 12. , un
plancher fait avec des planehes, s par les gens
du pays. D:U1S la ch se trouv8,it banes guion rangeait
Ie long des murs pendant la , tendis que, pour les dimanches
et les jours de e;3,on les rEunenait verB Ie centre 0 Vautel fut
aVec des
mains bien, par des olous
en ees temps
ensemble, plus au
seuls quTon connut
Les fenctres rent D...11 m.r de luxe, en reCeVf'lnt dos rideFmx en
grosse mousseline de caton, COUSUS Dar Elizabeth dont nous
lL.'1 peu plus
On voyo.i t, pendu au mur, un catechisme en , devo.nt lequel
I' Gasc')n ensei 10. reli aT-LX ,-::nfants en leur mantrant
11 enfer, e des rouges, ot Ie cie1 avec des
d! anges, et de saints
bonheur. Naturellement 1 v
rmisque llabbe Gascon ne
partit pour le noviciat il
sauteuse, des
flu nord, et Ie
St-Laurent, en
II tenir les s constFunent
ses
l,quand il
pour ne :ras
. ,
l.J..
geler viv<mt,tout 0101J da.."ls la residence 'lue
car les murs etaient encore humi:ies et le
part out . D! les d'
clcms la chapelle,
mon trai t un peu
bien rudes
que les s . 8.ujourd!
bois ant disp2.ru en bien des
plus courts
le climat s 1 est
qu' autre s.
culture a 1a terre, les
, l?c;f:1u des lacs <.1. baisse,
01'6, et les sont devenus
si I' ameublement de ..L,co n I de 1a
ne I! pas davant age, Ie
comfort que le
de
un 8U i1 y aya,it q1.J.atre , un peu elevees,
mal joints, un matelas ,1e et d'
ques couyertes et tIDe .Deau de r:' 6tai t Ie lit du
.geux llli D'un temperament t nerveux, et tres
lllortifie par la vertu, l
l
s.bbc Gascon dormait l'8U. Les gens de
St-Laurent se fort bien, ' 8. son retour (les ons dtl
nord, des heures c1u r.latin et tard encore Ie soil's, on Ie
- 8 -
dans le j ardin, soutene relevee et les munches
, piochant sans En outre l)end3..nt les 20
de s a vie, s oi t pex :!1ort:i cat ion, soi t a cause de
il n 'a j amais pass e une dans un lit> il (IDrmai t sur un
01.2 une cha}.se, les jambes enveloppees dans 1.1.11e couverture.
Une table dc; 'bois, !:'a<;onn6e
"" ,
son SlC-:ge ec; scm bureau de travail. s fois
Pierre Chart
! Opishkwat! La
your la
onnaire sur cette t
recherches t
> Chartrand QU! on
'less de y''Jisson
ll
, et
des Canards)._ .. manger
Les mets n I pas
du poisson, t de la vi8)1de
ell
selon
table:
ou de chevreui 1 )
la saison, et clu Iltaure
quelques fois il nly en
fois -in lievre ou du canard,
La galc;tte etait du luxe sur la
pas, meme les jours de
verre
Un hassin
quelques
Oh! J'oubliais de
'eau
18. de s or'S i e 'U-Yl
lLl1e couple de tasses et
chesse de cette demeure.
crucifix pendu au mur, et 1m
au chevet du lit. L! Gas con
On Ie voyai t souvent
et se
ell
a Notre
pour rester dans
des presbyteres
gneur dans ce s
, et clest ce quO
enflpJnmes d' al"!lour pour
Parlons du terrqin (:;l1vironnant Ie. chal)E:lleo D!abord je
qu'elle alt batie sur un l"!lonticule, allant en pente douce
du est; ! ouest et vers le sud.
Vers le nord, i1 y avait un couple djarpents,
de s8-ules et d'herbes s.
Des arbr-es la fCl>ient coni.: rG vents de l' ouest
et de 1 lest. Vers le sud-ouest, il y avai,me eclarcie 1l travers
le
il
8...11t de voir jusqu'a.u lac ObfL Aujourd'hui
1)n seul arore sur les clDuze c:he,ll1es de terre
la cha}Jelle, depuis le gn'JJJ d tiusqu' au lac, soi t
2 brl1l6s j)i:n Ie", feux de sC:li t qu i ils aiE'mt
par c1iff(eren ts colons 0 et cUMlti
A l'ollest 1e bois niavit pets
nord. et
9
verge s de large. De
le sud, li:; terrain
lleurs Ui.u.j ourd 'hui
le vent jouait avec
son chernin a travers la pral
population devint plus dense, a2.Qrs c1ellX
eie Ie.
...
a
a 11 ouest 2, I! du
sur le cotS est; Ie
abrite par Ie vent et les
en ete, et
Ie chemin
d'hiver.
Ces deux chernins se
et se
a iln mille Gl1viron au sud de la
s environ au nord, gagncLl1t
actuelle et La
traces de ces chemias en c1i
On encore les
'3, surtout a louest du
chemin actuel, en face La:bous et des Ducharmes.
A environ 275 verGes au llord
etablit il...lJ.
Ie grand che::rrin
Chartr811d. 11
lot No.2.
actuel et
done
n'y
1e
sur les douzes
de
Mul vihi 11 CL'OtllS
les adultes aient t
pm.lT avoir les honneurs
fut demoli ," et t
11ement lefS corps.
ces
du
II dit Ie
que les enf2.nt8
de la s
sur Ie lot
Ils furent
inoir en
dans
2.ctucl, t d'etre ouvert,
1,e terrain eY811t etC: lab8ure et
ne voi t Ie. trace d.e 2.
premier
fois, on
c1u
Quand I' abbe Gas con cOl'll11ens;a la
il n 'y avait Clue lIes
on d.e la
doriS le[-3 a.lentours:
et
Sayer et Jean
Michel Chartrand
de II ,
un excellent
et ilio1ent
verges de , en
la de la construct ion
dans les j ours Ile
Marguerite
Sa son se t
vers le nord.
il :Lt pour Duck
novc::nbre
fut debout, il ne restai t done
- 10 -
et <Jean
bois son
fami11e
avec
que quatre
1. marie 2.vec M2.ry Short, et
ron au sud de la
3e trouve ourd'hui SlIr Ie lot No. 1.11 ne reste
2.
4.
trace de cette on, car 1e terrain en 2. e
fferentes epoques. Pierre
, vint demeurer
Chartr&'1d, au nord de
dans cett0 on; mais au
a a son tour pour aller habi tel'
vel'S Ie nord-ouest, sur llextremite o.U lot
b lac et venaient aborder 18.
venant du lac.
Guillaume
et
se
Dian. fA son tour il
porter le m&'1ger a sa
commence l'hi vel' avec
ta, pour se ba.tir Sl:tT les
2.nt o.e Ie. maison> Les
t soin du missionnair0,
idence, ,jasqu! au
s 1 en alla 8, St-]orbert.
C'est
avec Octave C'hart
A
qUl fut arret e et
fourrures2.ve c J_es
Baie d'Hudson.
ait a 1m
de Michel
la maison de
et Ie grand chemin
ci-dessus
pas (if aut res au
residents se t
d
1
Hudson, a la
la
POURQUOI UNE CHAPELLE POUR 81 PEU MOIJDE?
c'est
des chases,
acteurs
di o.e devinEr les
n 1 ant pas ete ecrites
Cepend3.nt en
sons
et Clue
/"
re
taro..
des
Chartre:ld,
bards c.u lac,
1)
en
ou l' abbe Gas con
aut our
ant un peu,
on peut
bonl1e:
qui est certainement la
L'
un point
allant
forets et
11 -
I' 8.J_ 5 pour
Sauteux du norc1 du le.c,
ent 1 f r leurs
la chasse Dour les fourrures; et
au, ils descend8,ient t sur de
de rames et de voiles, delis Ie but d! "',ller au
eha.s se aJlX buffalos d'llls Ie.
Ils
toute
rent
ar, et
sablonneuse, en face des
hotel de 1a MG:J.1i toba Beach
di:UlS 1 t anse
poneys, charrettes et
debarquer que1que dans
ce devai t re Ie
souvent,
t illl abri sur a
leurs embarcations. C'r.:;st cette anse au lac qu! on voulut
Creuser plus taro. pour en
D" l a ~ chez les Sayers, il 11 ~ y
-mille environ, la leurs tentes,
souvent Fwec des peaux de buffalos; et Ie SOlt', et
Ie jour, ils se rendaient au vi pour faire
Ils restaient 8.1.nS1 campes h, jours aVfllt de
qui lL'1
tes
pend&'1t
10. c["usette.
ne les press
dormir.
n' ,
"-
9 .. re qu'a fumer, causer et
enfin Clans :La direction Ol: leurs c ces Iss
, par leurs malgres
grincements dents revei
echos des b0is. lIs voyage par
charrettes a la fois de s I entr'
des oux et o.es qUl.
anies sur des charrettes,
fm loin taus les
groupes de dix a douze
en cas d'attaque de la
le p8.yS.
Au retour de If', pemican et de viandes
seches nos bien heureux voyageurs ent encore au meme endroit
passer dix, quinze jours, mel'le un mois avant de
rent reI' dans leurs On voyai t que
,j us qu l au cinquante tentE;s dress sur Ie bord du lac. Les repas
copieux. les danses, les jeux a la menotte 8, l' ordre du
Jour en ces d I 8.bondonce.
ses scenes dlhorreuI',
sanglantes.
Souvent la boisson y out
en des -batailles
AY?J:)t eu ccmnaissance de ces va:.iet-vient des 13>2ns du nord et de
leurs desardres, l'abbe Gascon n'hesita prow dialler 8e fixer en cet
endroit de rencontre, cher autant que les
desordres qui sly commett .. II voulut en meme temps leur
donner 11 occasion d
f
, assister aux offices
le
leurs
ne recuJ.a
11 reuss
"-
a se
et faire leurs
du nord.
pas <levant Ie
,
a
l'2ligiG1.L"{ avant de
saison fut
d 1-1111e
lc;s
S I enfoncer d8ns
, il
construct
commencerent
ELISABETH P.A.NGM[\i'J
11 est bon de dire i ci
" ~ . . . . ./'. t
a ete temOJ.H oculalre,
s mots sur la seule personne qui
donner les rense les
plus certains sur la de en 1858:
- 12 -
j e veux parle I' d t s abeth ?angman, ourd'hui (1935)
d'Edouard Guiboche, e11e de Beths, Jour
de sa e11e QU! el1e n I aim.ai t pas en
celui abeth. Elisabeth dans Ie courant
de ce <
sabeth t fille de
enfants. t
Bientot eEe
pour lui. Elle t souvent chez pour
et de couture, tout en apprenBl1t son
res taient a 100 verges au sud de la
formant ourd'hui Ie lot No.1,
Plusieurs enfants venaient aussi
11 leur enseigne5t 113. religion, la lecture
Elisabeth
que les aut res , fut bient de
des aptitudes surtout pour Ie cha."1t. Bient
I' a'lnee de c;
I! abbe Gascon.
veneration
des travaux de
Ses
sur Ie
chanter des canti;ues en langue crise, Ie Kyrie, Ie Gloria
Que les aut res de la messe de DLunont. Penda..l1t que son
chel se la messe, Elisabeth chan"cm. t.
a 1.! de ans, el1e se bien des
a appris dans sa jeunesse. et S8, voix est encore
...
a
entendre.
Drms le courant de It de 1858-59, son vint 113. chercher
pour 1 i e,mener a le.: des C;;mards, ou il s i (it
Toute en larmes, el1e saluqr le , et elle bien a
contre coeur. Elle ne le revoir que 20 ) alors Que
I' abbe Gascon revint de 8es mlSSlons du nord (1880).
BIle revint plusieurs encore, son
pere slen a11ant a la chasse: !l'!ais 11abbe Gascon n1et lao
C I et malgre:: tout, un grand de
elle avait fait sa communion des
Blle Ie bonheur d ly rencontrc.::r
Thibault de saint -Xavier, et une
Simonet, O.M.I.
Le feu de rie
, Ie bon monsieur
fois, Ie z Pere
L'abbe Gascon dut la dans les ,lours
de mars , car il
novi ci at Ie 9 de ce
de ce moment,
Simonet,
en allant et reven?J:1t de 1a
Epinettes dont et ait ell
n pas.
St Q l'Jorbe:rt et cOnlrnenga son
SOliS la direction du Pere Lestanc.
de
e, f3t. Boniface en 1860,
deS Canards et de la
, s 'y arreta chaque
Au d'octobre Ie.: etre detrl.lite par
un feu de e. t sec et le foin
mort a. cause
Ie vent
du manClue (1 t eau.
dtt sud, et
Un jour vel'S midi, Ie
nOire
r8.ble.
Les hommes et
u..ne avec S3.
dans la maison
partis 1a
fille agee de neuf
, elles ne
imminent.
Cheval Blanc. Seule,
: et Ie
sont couvertes en chau..me et de
I' autre.
chapelle
rTIoment a
faire en lIe occurence? BIles vel'S la
chapelle et secouent rudement la porte
resiste a leurs efforts s. SS3.11.t vitement
une piece de bois, casse un carre'1U de vi tre et parvient a soulever
un chassis. Here et :rille s! elancent par :a fenetre devenue ouverte,
et se di vel'S une boite fermee, Q elles savent que se trouvent les
ornements, Ie c ce, Ie missel et les autres ets pour dire la
messe, elles slen sai sent, les roulent dans un linge blanc, et
vont pre stell'-ent les enterrer dans un coin du petit j ardin que J. I
Gascon commence a cher avant de partir.
Aussi tot I' enterrement , elles se mettent une couverte sur
18. et courent vel'S Ie lac 0 Elles y arri vent a demi asphixi
et mortes de par Ie vent devenu violent, la vague de
feu passe comme un tl)rrent rugisS8Jl.t, soulevant jusqu f au ciel des
de fain
Grace a la du vent, les furent
II ne donna pas au feu le de s! 6tendre jusqu I a
elles o. II passa conlme un cheval a la course, en soulevant des
tourbillons de cendres et de , et ne s! arret a qu! a une petite
ance de la des
11 se fut eclairci, aus loin que l! oe pouvai t
porter. on ne t Ie long au lac. quI un linceuL." noir,
marCluant Ie pass age de la mort.
Les femmes furent Mais a
es ,,,,lIes furent a 1 'eau pour se preserver
de la chaleur les b Pour se prot les yeux contre
la , elles se couvrirent la tete avec leurs couvertes mouillees 0
dont
La
et
Cette fel'lme
"-
a
Marie CCh'1ada, se
de Callixte chard.
Que D.Jl,j ourd 'hui de L!
, eousine d! Elis abeth
la veuve de Charlot Canada.
a plus tFtrd avec un Richard,
?
II ne ;'este absolument aucun vestige de I! et
des malsons aient en 1858-59: tout a disparu. Les pieces
- 14 -
equarries de chapelle furent
sur Ie lot No. car elles et
servi que pendant quatre au
emportees en pour rebatir
encore trcs bonnes,
ans.
11 ne faut pas s i etonner de ne point VOlr les traces des
caves car il n 'yen eut j Les strop nomades et trop
paresseux, ne pas, pas meme les de terre.
Ils n 'avaient done aucun be de creuser des caves pour
conserver des legumes qu' n! avaient pas .. Quant au
Gascon, il n'eut pas le temps de rien faire, puisqu'
a peine l' espace des de l! automne et de I! hi vel'.
aux autres missionnaires, ils ne firent que passer, mais ne
residerent pas
la,
Quant
Depuis lors, 3, differentes epoques, Ie sud du lot
No. 2 a etc entierement che par Bretons: le Rey, vel'S
1903; Iifcdelec qui en 1903 fute sous sa voiture chargee;
Palud, qui, vel'S 1906, avoir construit sur Ie cote ouest
de la route, tr&'1sport a sa maison sur l' autre cote. Cette
maison est aU,jourd 'hui habi tee par Joseph Allard.
Ls arbres ont e
et les puits, Sl y en a jamais eu, ont
disparu. 11 ne reste que la terre couverte
pralrle.
" .-
ou brules; les caves
combles: tout a
de 1 'herbe de la
Seules deux caves se trouvent sur ce terrain; l'une est a
80 verges de l'ancienne chaDelle. E11e fut construite Dar Ie
Rey vel'S 1903 au 1904. Guiboche se d';voir bu du bon
vin dans cette cave. ::e Rey en e ffet ai t et vendai t de la
boisson.
l' autre cave est clans 100 meme direction, mais a 350 verges
de la chapelle. Elle se trouvai t dal1s la son de Michel
Chartral1d, de r1'e et frere de Napoleon et de J .B.
Chartrand.
Ces deux caves, etant de construction recente, n?ont rlen a
faire avec nos recherches sur la
POTEAUX DE FER
Apres avail' pris toutes les informations possibles aupres de
1. abeth Guiboche, P&"1gman, 1a seule personne vivante
qui puisse donner des rensei certains sur la chapelle,
puisqu I el1e 11 a 'rue et qu I el1e ze al1S enVlron en ce
temps-la: Ses souvenirs sont rs dans sa memoire.
2. Edouard Guiboche, son , qui pritend avoir un souverur de la
chapelle, et qui surtout a connu les personnages ci-dessus
mentionnes.
- 15 -
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3.
4.
Hi chel Lav<?,llee,
Vel 180 chapelle,
80pprendre Ie
vagues en son
La Veu-ve fU1toil1e Des,j !3, !lee
Paulette Chartrand, ourd 'hui
Les Is qu1elle a donne sont
ans, a non seulement
1a cha;pelle pour :I
ses souvenirs sont
(;11 art nmd, fille de
ans environ.
8nts.
5. Apres aVOll' questionne les s qui connaissent mieux les
traditions les plus s de:: 1::;. e: V.H. Jean
Baptiste Chartrand, de Roche,
JUexandre De Laronde 5 dont la memoire des fates et cles noms
est excellente.
Le Rev. P. Bousquet, O,?-'1.I, actuel1ement cure de Saint
Laurent, (19 en presence d I Edouard et de J.B.
Chartrand a un poteau en fer carre a l'endroit ,
fut In a Laurent. II est s
sur 1es c10uze chal'nes sud de lot No.2., a 50 pieds de la
fer
separant les lots No. 1 et No.2., a 65 verges du grfuld

Devant les , un tuy.tlU l de
.-'
C pour l'
I' ou se let maison, qu 'habi terent successi vement
Michel Ch.artnmd,
fut heberge I!
poteau indiqual1t
Ie nord.
C!1artrand et llaume , et ou
Gascon, II est si verges environ du
le site de l' ch , en gagnant vel'S
Genealogie des familles pres de :La chapelle en 1858.
1. Ambroise Chartrand marie a lme Sauteuse
1. Paul (Paulette) marie a <Tcsette Cadotte ,gr:.:"d-pere de
ce Chart rand.
2. Baptiste, (5 a LouiSe stevens, Duck
sous le nom d'Otchaln{e,
3. Michel, e a
)..j.
5.
6.
nom de Opishkwat.
. ... "-
) rnarle a e
J .B. Chartrand.
, is a LouisOl1 Chaboyer>
Chaboyer> ler de Elisabeth
Isabelle,
du Coteau
8" Pierrot
de Hoche.
chard"
, sous Ie
de &
de :0Torbert
<..
pere de Michel,
Famille de Pierre Pangman marie a Mary Short.
1. sabeth ee a Norbert r, et 2e a Edouard Guiboche.
2. Ivf.ichel, marie a Lucie Ducharme.
3.
-- '"
(:e a Guiboche.
4. "
a sa Duchar:rlle.
5. a Isabelle l\fadea.u ..
6. Rose, man a Pierre Chartrand.
7. Marie, illari a Brunette.
8. fille.
Famille de J -B Lavallee 6 a Louise Ducharme 0
1. J-B marie a Josette Ducharme.
2. Joseph, marie a Campbell s d'Arthur Lavallee).
3. ftntoine, a Isabelle
4. 8. sa Cha.boyer.
5. Michel, a
6. Marie habite chez les vie
(elle a eu une fille)
Famille de Guillaume
1. Guillaume.
, soeur d'Edouard.
de St-Boni face
re gargons et pas de
2. am, qui se noya au Lac Plat (Shoal Lake)
3.
4. Mo'ise.
lles.
Les dates dans le trav::;,il ci-dessus, ont prises
chez le Pere ce, (Histoire de l' e ... ) et chez M. D. Fremont,
(Monseigneur Provencher).
Note: Cet
Chartrand,
en 1935.
Saint -Laurent,
aecembre
G.
cle est la git
a la demande du R. P .. Bousq,uet,
- 17 -
toba.
, O.M.I.
par .M. Michel
de St-Laurent
En , on construisit U11e
du Pere devenue
des fonds necessaires 8, cette
se pour remplacer la
Un'" -bonne partie
de lA, chari te des
s des sons. L'eglise,
sur une fondation de pierre. Dans 1e
a la page 80, no us lisons: 111e 10
sera de bois,
St-Laurent)
souss (J. C. CPJnper O. M. 1.) en [11 a nous
face, avons
au Lac Hanitoba
Sa Grace. T:lchc,
pierre de I'
et des
A eette ePoque Ie,
eleves.
parml les
Cette fut
t
le de Blacas et le
Comte de Simoncourt. Ii
C! est dans cettc eGlise que fut
Lacombe. et dont on dut raettre Ulle tente dCIT$t
accommoder les gens venus si nombreux pour en
du R.P.
pour
exereices.
Les familles metis qui
devenues cent trente en 1893. De ce
St-Laur<,;nt en
I' ,
1866,
batie
en ne suffiss'it plus. Il done
chercher des fonds pour en batir une autre.
la on de sec3 superieurs de
de Chi cago et de St-Paul,
<'trateur (.:ivil de la mu-nicipalite, il ne
chez. ses
adminie-
s' absenter pour
rent
fideles de la-bas se mont""',,,,",,,,,,,,,,,!"
en decembre 1893, avec la
$5,000.00. Le Pere
Insti t ut, et Ie
IlrJ millieI'.
r, en
Gascon de
, ne POUVfult contribuer en
genere-ux et
pour
chapi tre
lli-
les sa en groupes, sous sa
Freres Mulvihill, le Gal et LeGac. On se
, ou i1 y avait d' de
boeufs de la mission.
Po us cassel' CeS , et les tr::D1Sporter
on les entoura de bois auquel on mit Ie feu. Apres une heure
ron, el1es se rent, et furent alors plus
1e de I' uchat et du transport de briques
on dDt chercher autre chose pour faire les cadres de
et
son
On songeFl a la pierre-a;;chaux. L8, mine de Posen ne
pas encore, mais on apprit qu'une grende quantite de
trouvait dans Ie bois au nord-est de la
H. Laurent Atkinson fut envoye en
fL'tvorable, on partit Ie lendemain, 4
- 18
de pioches et de leviers, Messieurs
Chaboyer et , Ie
6ta:i.t abondante, et assez facile a
recuperer, et on en U11e bonne quant ])! a.utre:: fut
trouvee 1 8. deux autres endroits, ce qlU en donna assez pour subvenir
a tous les besoins, 18 bois are a I! int6rieur fut procure
cette fois, sans trap de
Tous les matcriaux
Ie Frere , O.M.l.,
et dont les talents d'architecte
fit des plru1s pour une eglise de
de 2h pieds
fin de mars, on fi t
s, venu toba en 1893,
aient reconnu.s. Le
sur 44, avec vne sacristie
On se a 11oeu
1
Tre le 5 ,juin. On commengait a peine a
creuser les fondations, da.Ds la nuit du 12, une tempete de
vent epouv{,9ntable, , s! abati t
sur la paroisse. Des maisons furent des
Heureusement personne ne fut blesse. Quand les ouvriers
se rendirent au chantier, Ie lendemain mat ,i1s trouverent les
choses en un tel 6tat quI ils mirent plusieurs heures a r6parer
le dom.mage.
On travai1la ferme, et la construction manta. La
pierre fut pos Ie dimru1che ,juin, par Monseigneur Pascal,
evequ0 de PrinCe Albert. 11 fut par Ie R.P. Adelard
Langevin, )devenu face, benir la
nouvelle l'5l1nee Suiv2.nte. En effet, cette autre ceremonie
eut lieu 20 ,juin, 1895, Comme on 11 a di t , la s stie
de cette eglise et si tu6e sur l! emplacement de la chapelle
du Lestanc.
En novembre de cette
batie en
nnnoe!t on derrloli t 1 r de
Le terrain devant la nouvelle eglise fut en at pour
fut servir de Le cor:ps qui y fut
de J:.1. Louison DeLaronde> inhume Ie 3 mars 1893.
La de I' finie; mds on n0 put en
plus, fA.ute argent. Ce ne fut que petit a que l! interieur
put decore, et qu! elle devint Ie chef-d? oeuvre dont
les Laurentiens
Le Herve
St-Laurent, en 1902.
decoration de son
et M.
Ie comme cure de
artiste lui , stoccupa de la
M. Calixte de St-Laurent,
nouvellement arrive avec sa
famille de Bretagne, et artiste-peintre, 1e
l'oeuvre.
Perrill se mit a
11 de
trois autels furent
fut
de
en bleu et b18nc. Les
en bois
De e
+
v
18,
belles sta-sues 5
cette belle
cloche '"
et 11)"1 be8.u chemin de
Pour cOYllb1e, Ie
aclle
i
la
Peran
se procurA. l1..11e
Corrune il nly avait de clocheI' sur Ii
10, cloche sur 1L.'1e Borte (Ie .r.lonture en s, 118.ut
De la, so, voix appe Ie r
au..x ces
se, on
de douze pieds '"
les dEnes
On ne
s l'ins
cription:
sait pas au la date du bapteme de 10, cloche;
on '1u! e11e porte est dat de ci cette
8t-Laurent, 1898
a, Josepha, Adelarda, a.
80net vox tua in auribus
'hx tU<1 dulcis
! c,..,"'t )
\ ,ct..c' .
McSh8ne Bell Foundry,
A son , on donna 8. la cloche
Cl les noms:
M. et !YInte Cuthbert Ducharme
Ernest Trudel
John Connelly
et
Vel'S ou 1912, on ,jugea Je moment venu d1ajouter un clocheI'
lIOn en 8
1
a environs 110
audessus du soL Ducharme fut charge par Ie P. Peran de
de I' U.YJ. coq, de ons appropri , qui sera place sur le
haut de 10, croix, pour senrir de rouette. M. Ducharme fit son
modele en carton, et le fit mO"uler le coq en fer-blanc par
Calixte chard.
C!13l1d Ie elocher
des ouvertllres
"-
a
pouces de di
rouette
"-
a S011
q.Ul Y
, dans
SO!!lmet.
11..'1e boule
la
,
lr de al,
pour servir de
de de douze
qui port la
Ce fut a l! entrepreneur qu jon confia cette 11 monta
sous Ie re dune cent de , venus pour re
temoins du dernier acte cette entreprise qui corrnnence
huit ans auparavant. Une f()is en hant, salua de la main les
spectateurs, a 1a , et descendi t tranquil1ement, au: milieu
des applaudissements de la faule.
- 20 -
Elle
elle,
elle
eglisG
pignon
ravageur
T I

solide notre
, el1e 2,U881, dens sa niche, ell
elle entenctre pour
rre!
/'
csmpee sur 8es
qu.i tout;
Ie jour vint ou
notTc" et belle
La foud:L'e
('D qu.e
ce critic-:.. .....
sur Ie
:i Dstarrts Ie feu

il :.1Iy TJ.e11 a. faire ..
VoyaYJ.t I! i:mpoc;si bili te de SB.,uver 11 e
Ie feu de s! etendre et Cle 1)1"111er Ie
empecher
et Ie couvent
des
LI;.:: oeau.
A iJ.
tabernacle,
etc, "cout ::'ut
re c'leill i. rent .i2 fj
Ie s r elnorase::."oit >- son
a toutes lee bour
;) 18. rncrsure de fle::ilmes
C .. :.t;112 , fi 11 G.ans ce ftl t
et se ';50mSl"..:!la It;:mcement. La
et ne fut pas
3. et 11
ce nC::1errt-J_.a ..
:cest t de l'
hencs, cheLin de
e que ses ;'1U1:'8 , Autels;
La belle cJ.oche,
, tomba ct se
J.a rW1J.vel1.:: au elle
fut chez un dec:
encore en ce
La
deuil
en sIlence, le.
un morce au (:e fe:!.ro et, c, Dour Ie
Pour 2.8.
1
18..l.e,
d 'U.l.'1 nouy",8.U
des
des dons
En
un
g.nages de

- 21 -
de I!
Slens C()lrune lIn
les
une
a 10. st"clle
!a Ie. construction
8,la 3e;
c1
1
autel,
on la sur
des ornements, etc, S1 bien que Ie dima'1che
ma.nquait presque du cessalre,
avions avai t dans les f1ammes,
e t N os ami s de 1 a
a la , ont une col1ecte
pour notre cloche, qui,
lIs voulaient l'entendre
de sa
a annoncer la messe du
Pour 1a
bath une
fois, St-Lau.rent dut
se. On
de cartes, des etc. des
des
1 ne nous
des chalets
hatir un abri
Ie son
amis HOUS des dons, et avant deux a'1s, on ai t pret a
commencer Ie travail. II fa1lut d
t
abord deblayer les s de
1 v fice. Les murs
demolisseurs brisa deux
dut recourir iii Uc'1 b pm;,r avoir son du ce
fut fait, et Ie terrain Un SJIll fi t Ie
somme tres modi que , et, dant, tout
sauf un tas de gens, 58
la terrace de 18 nouvelle
Excellence, Ie
11 le
Crest
foncees, au toi t
ornees de ,jeunes s
I' on aperc;oi t un coquet . , .et
un petit sanctuairc e ,9. St-Laurent
(Notes du R. p. Brassard, Ll
La
exactement
par son
\Tu de
l'ancien.
rouges
se."
claire.
Son ameublement
le chemin de croix
sont des dons de bien
:L I ante 1, Ie t ri()srnacle,
et. bien d'autres choses encore
St-Laurent et d 1 ailleurs. Cette
se n I a pas de Un 1.UJ. sert de cloches.
Le Cluiwai t
de 11 eglise :ere en 1 ,A. au
fois vel'S 1937. O!1 Y ajoutrt un
ouest. Ceci fut fait sous directi on du
cure
R .. P ..
:La construction
deux 1'oi8, Une
de clu cot.e
J-B O.M.I.
De en a f811u songer ii un nouvel
du R.P. Ie Lemone, fit
des Acres de tracer un
fc exist ant fut
exhausse aux s requis.
:B'rangois Gratton, par S0
chaque fesse une dimension 4! X 9'.
Da.I1S ce nouveau
morts, et on
Los
cimetiere il y
exactement I'
de M. Fernand
y furent
dont I'
perirent dans l'incendie de leur maison le
furent dans Ie nouveau cimet
les restes des dans 1a meme fosse.
- 23 -
fut t par
donn ant a
pour enVlJ:'on 1000
de repos de
, furent ceux de la
re enfants
115
L'ECOLE
1862> le un8 te
n'est quten qu1une .flIt 011Verte ..
En
Elle ouvrit ses
Mulvihill O.H.I, arrive a St-Laurent en
professeur. Ils
Le Pere 5 vicaire de la
quelques
nlfJ..l s ce
f-ltt
1870.
1867, en
ans.
En 1875, une nouvelle ecole fut Le de canst
etre
des chemins
la mission,
t e Qe g en pHssant pe:-.r Shoal
qU8.si impracticables et il n Iy
On pri tIes charrettes de Ie.
Lake, par
a.
Rouge on y et transport
La construction me
son journal: !lel1e
di t dellS
et demi de haut, solidement
et bien finie. f!
En ,me aut re Eu's ouverte au sud d.e
Cl etait a rois milles Ceu Au
avai t pas de batisse et les classes
Dr abord chez M. COekr21lC un
No. 5 a 11 Ouest de qui est liu
tard cette son f'ut ve:::ldue et
de M. Lacha.l1ce, sur Ie lot
demeure de M. L60 J'llla.rd.
En 1890 Ie Gouvernerrent
les
81.01"8 qu!
autorites
l'uni
l'
SEe .. Celle-
n
des Jllf'visons
1
.'_..L LlS
de la
plaC$8nt toutes
d'
de
Tout secours
pas aux ordonnances de If/,ete de
se
Naturellement les
s refus aieLt cl' en\'cyer f8:'.tS ;0:, ces ecoles. L' ecole
de St-Laurent et.8.llt
financieTcs.
CE: no::n1)re ell(-: se tromra dfms des diffi
Un de deux cent.s dollars
dal1.s chaque municipalite pour Ie support des cc,les a
qu ! elle se conformassent aux s de 11 Acte. Un
par les Commiss d T ecoles se.i.on les
l)::"'C1 e"Jre
tion
indique
, sur les sections dc; t.erre autour de 1 f ecole.
l' Acte d!
Gouvernement
pour 1892 et
octrois
oYdonnances de
St-Laurent
res
les
L! llliRIVEE DES RELIGIEUSBS
se
Depuis plusieurs
ai t sentiy dans
Soeurs ,Llors qu! il n 'y
besoins! et cela surtout
les ecoles de tout
et le
ce d rune ccrnmunaute re
s CCrnllleUt "ItenlY des
d.? ion vait
absolue la Pro1ti ce L l de
de St-Boniface S8
'rres
Generale des Franciscaines
()btir::.t la
partirait pour St-Laurent
see" Vers It), fir! d t
les SlX
promesse fut
fut averti que
corrnllencement de
Clest avec un })artit 8. leur
rencontre. II n!;l peS de cOll'\lent pour 1(: s , mD ..J_S Dieu
II les tro"'JJra S [1.11 d.GS f30eurs Grises
deval.G
a 10. rencontre
es se virent
soit a cheval,
S d'une
1e groupe
tau
de St--Laurent 5 12
L(:;8 Laul"'E:nt.iens
la eu). vJ':?'.gon
foule de ge1:1S
les
voiture,
jUSQ1J t

Saints
t de
en
car 1e
1a de l'
En attendant
lerent avec leurs
Peres. On
Le
t:;t
})18,Utres se
note dans 3es
une
25
leu.t"
daXls Ie
Ie conf'or-L
son
S G. I! ecole,
tot
ill1 C()'.lVent elles s 1 aI-
de Ie. maison (1.8S
on y s
sseI' les
tournees Ie
couvent.
Tout
seulement
DeLLX heures
1 'holocauste.
f].\,)11tefois .le
pour
"-
ne se pas a
Dans une de ses
fonds pour bati:c "U:.'1
fu1'ent fai tes.
six mois
1'e en cenclres et consommer
Heureusement
Le peu, des

flal1unes,
10. s
fut
s,
..... ,
[-tu
de boites pour
lits. Les Soeurs
tine dame
chez aIle
cendres; en veri t
II nfy
dont on
1 nnit.
il y eut assez de
'.j.
se serVl v
rent de
a 1a me.ns arde .
nom aDena les
eu lien
cendres cette
pas Une des Soeur8 qui, tl'a.l1spor-
d! une f)deur de pro ehe d f ellG. Se tait des :Qaquets s 1
retournant ellc que la belle barbe cl.u Chaumont fumai. t.
Elle Sl a: br':JJ.ez!!1 Dne t tombee dedans
sans qu
1
il slen Se,crement etait expose
dans la au
cieux S3..11g Chaumont entra
pri t la Sainte erve dans 1e tabernacle et sortit l'
que l'Ostensoir etait encore sur llautel. La
tranquil1ement a son minutes
sans s!
resta
Ie passa
devant 113, de la la Soeul' encore 1a et lui a:
Z-VOllS en la on brule ,:I Sans s '6mouvoi l'
S1'"
montra du
1 'Ostensoi:r, ne
entra et emporta 1
1
0stensoir
,jusqu 1 3. 11 age de quatre-vingt
7 novembre
Doe jeLL'10
qUl
seeurite.
a Mere
valait
parler a e! Le Pere
de la Sr. Renee vccut
3..l1s> ,,,;t maurut a St-Laurent le
t son pour Ie ciat de
des Ii vres rencontra Ie
ballot et de Ie en
eli t: t1Je demander 1a
lui fit CJ.U I il
Le jeudi et Ie vendredi on fit a classe cornme on put. Le lundi
II y on alla J.es
en avait une centaine. On
cSt ai ent dos - a-dos . L ! une
Babel! !Y Tous les s
remett re la s
remettre le tout pour les
8 dal1s la s de If
classes
26 -
Les mattresses
la tour de
et
Apres le, messe;
Geei ne pouvai t
et des
re con st ruire
de mars.
]1101S, tout Ie s colaire f'ut trans-
Un des anciens d'2 St-Laurent
trois classes dans I'
Ie ,on coml!J.en<;;a la classe I!
M. Ludovic Chart::"8nd raconte CJ.U IiI Y
Soeur Ct, Sr. Stella et Sr.
Rene s I chacune dans
grande on pouv8.it s[ms
avaYltage fut Ie froid (on 5e
brUle en ) . Jeux
faisaient leur devoir
leurs efforts ils ne
96x44 Les enfal1ts port
aussi que possible des
aux mattresses elles
souveni;, les cent pas pour
un La biltisse ant
Un autre
avait
un immeuble de
et manteaux se preSs0nt
ant malgre tout. Quant
mie12.,{ 'possible" faisant
de geler.
temps
les
les
s
SSlens se a 1 t oeuvre POll.T t
a la construction de 2.a des
Le
qui
Slne
sol

<C six
les
29x29
de baut.
avec de la
43x33
et 12.11 sous-
la CU1Slne.
La malson fut Ie 23 noveml1re, dix mnis apres 11
Les ent leur nouvelle demeure) les Soeurs prirent
possession du avec leurs les retrou-
verent leur ecole, laissee a la Peres apres
I'
QuelCJ.ue temps Langevin vint I1ssister a lLl1 examen oral
et montra sa s
Soeurs plusieurs
sfaction. A son retour a 8t i1 envoya aux
de s pour l!ecole.
r[,RACf-B FINfJIJCIER8
Comme on 11 a d6j a di t 1! ecole obtint
Ie semestre de .j envier a juin 1898,
cent dollars
de trois ecoles.
a toute non
St-I,aurent paya toujours les oct
des
Les
s du gouvernement
es
octrois comrne s'il
gou'lernemen tale
d.e;
s de
I! bien que ce soit contraire a l! Acte c1' Educat ion. A 1 'occa-
dans 1a sion les deux cons ll.ers de Shoal Lake (cettf::
de St-Laurent) combattirent
decision et les deux consei11ers de St-Laurent
de sorte
bailli (
que 1e vote d6 fait deux contre
H,- '11'1- OWI) '.
",11.lVL1 __ . .l .. 1. avpJ. L
St-Laurent la cause de I! aj.t
deux.
mot.
leur cause
DpJls ce cas 1e
Etal1t de
QU! voulait la l C l ~ pour les maitresses dont Ie re et
Ie seul moyen de subsist al1ce.
AI! autormc de 1897 les
maitressc:s 13. Gom.me de .00 pour\lU. Que Ie Conseil Muni
accepte de la payer, ceci Durant bien des
s 6taient un en Que
1 'evaluation bass;:; et bien des gens ne payaient
pas leurs Heureusement avec 11'1, atlon des divisions scolaires
Ie lYcode de meilleur et les s a ~ montere!1t considera-
blement. La. penuri0 des salaires empecnait 1a sse d
t
des
professeurs competal1ts.
encore un bon groupe de
cela notre
qUl
tou,j ours eu, et a
ferIJ1e R, l'education
des enf"ants.
Comrniss
Laurent
'"
annce une
Ce fut couvent Dour 1es reli s et 6cole pour les
enfants. Une douzaine de a 18 pensionnaires y
t rouvaient s . Madame Bout 01.
cloitre, , t
grenier ne laiss2nt aUCQl1
tres petites, dans 11une
Hsouvenirs II clit Que
slentassaient 1a cave au
pouce d'espace. Les classes
d.'el1es pour ouvrir la il
d' abOI'd r Ie
tu,yau de pocHe passait Ie
les tetes des plus pres t
Comme cbaufTage un
de 18. cJasse jetant sa cha1.eur sur
que les plus gelaient.
En une l1':YLlvelle grande fut batie o.u sud
de l' autre. au couvent par illl
1 ! illl mans arde de
aux pensionnaires) belles classes vastes et
Au rez-de-chaussee une sall.e de :r-E' avec une arnovible
qui la de 1a classe VOlSlne. En ouvrant cette les
Les
deux formaient une gr8..nde sa2.1e pour les seances> les parties
de et autres activites sociales. 1e SOUf.-bassement avec la
salle de recreat ion avec t abIes servant de
externes. A de 1a salle
ite de salle aux
pensionnaires.
Dursnt ces eleves des villages environnants
a notre
Outre les
, Ashern, Pointe des Chenes et de
sujets et Ie chant
a l'honneur. Les couture, un peu de
cuisine, et les gargons s 'essayaient aux travaux de menms
SOU8 la ction de M. Joseph Daniel Coutu. Plus tard Sr. Pa:u.1ine
Mercier prit 1a et
s ; Ie martea:u., la 8
- 28 -
;:nIX cars;ons 1e m2niement des out
Ie rabot. (Sr. N.D. de bon Repos).
anees 6t l'evenement
1e m.:J)'lent fs.vorp,ble
t ell
onnel de l'ann6e.
qu I ::1102'S 1a peche
sa Le
Le
"-
a
Des
printemps
pres
de ees soi sse et 11 eCf)le I>
.-.Je progrF1...
T
;l1TtC=: des
duo, mettaient en veQette
1e choeur de chant a
encore des
de
voix 6tai t
II des "NO'IlS
solo,
On se
plusieu:cs (lorn;:;
en core. Des
6t tres
de de Ip, Po.:Lo:i.sse figuraient et bien d! aut res
ees en deux ct trois aetes tragiques et comiques
rendues par 1(':;8 grands et les its de l'ecole.
A 1 r ouverture de la I?:rande
preparee; banlpet, i ve . La ipale
"les ehallssons de la Duchesse ./\.nne fI, De beau.x costu.mes
par les religieuses aidees par f1adame ,
de Brf'tagne, et mere de Madame Pauline Boutal
Dire ee du Cercle Dramatique done I' aut.henti
costu.rnes 1ls ont bien servi
aUSSl au progrEmmle u.ne A.utre piece rar.'loneur
H
1e
Legoff', df'.llS I! ardeur de son role unG
que et scm sabot de bois s I envola,
passa 1a rallTpe et alIa
stupefiant!
de Langevin, Moment
de
Ie
Le curc 6clata de rire ce fut
d lune d' applaudissem0.nts les its
gentiment 1a reverence,
La culture !luGsi a 1 'honneur a I! On y
pos encore deux troplleCG , llune en 1926 et I' autre en
1931. ees ecussons fUrent donnes le Strathcona Trust. En 1926
M. 11 cteur Hall Jones en donna un pour la classe 10. meilleure en
gymnastique de son ct. En TIL I' D. S, 'iioods,
tard cteur de la Faculte d1Edueation l'Jniversite du
, donna I' autrE: pour un travail superieur dens cette
Les annees se et la gent augment
toujours. lune ecole de deux ou trois classes, e11e en
une de , dans 1a se meme, et de plus, trois autres dans
1a Salle ssiale, avec un ens de qUll1Ze
professeurs.
de laurentiens ant benefi de
I! t, jtlsqu' a ce que, devenue trop
a son tour, on dut l' abandonner un b3:.timent plus grand,
Done, en t la ionnelle lie cole St -Laurent 11
ses aUK enfBJ:lts pour les
a If
uu Pare Industriel louis
DUrant Ce
la sse,
L'ECOLE SIMONET
l? ecol,:; SilTlCrnet s
lars de son "wrerture
du b'JD travail au sud de
1a consid6ra cO)JI.:me
une succursale de ceJ.le (Iu village dont I'
fesseur au sud. Son nom If Simonet. H fut
e.nt etai t Ie pro-
en .lih0Dneur c1u
Laurent simonet. er pretre de St-Laurent Ie
M. Hennas ClleTtrand en le premier On cite aussi les
Boucher noms de Goulet et

On se souvient qu! au
Ie;:) prenlieres
cls,sses 5e dens de[., maisons
Une petite
I
t
on 6rigea Ie
deux classes
9
situce
avai t etc canst probablement au moment
scolaire en 1895. Cette batisse de
sur le lot No. 3 la son de M. Lachance
Inge les construction de 1 t
que petite elle , les eleves
ant il fallut songer a agrandir.
En 1945, la construite en
fut mise en vente. Grande et solide, 40x80
et la biitisse
carres, Ie
officiel M. A. MacDonald 11 ac:heta. On la tr811Sporta au et
elle fut rattachee a l! existantG. possedait une de
classes,
En 1897 les es avaient pris la
un peu plus tard elles prirent la
Marie lIT. D. du Roc y pend.ant
et le beau etc. I1
de l'ecole du
de celle du sud.
armees par 1a
tous les professeurs
n t est pas possible de nommer
les beneficiaires les
En
et tous
un an.
a l'
sur
sent et leur sont
1967 les res de la cipalite f'urent
les eleves vinrent a l' ecole c1u village. Le local etant
ger on loua ls, Salle Paroissiale ce qui donna trois classes.
a les classes; lcs des Grades I iii VI vinrent au
les Grades VII et VIII allerent iii Simonet. Ceci dura
1969 l'ecole fut fermee et les vinrent
Collegial. II est toujours pcnible de fermer une
un local dans on y a vecu 0. 'heureux On se
qu10n de cette batisse, s s'ennuyer
erte et silencieuse; s clle eut une
1,.1. Hector Allard ex-a,nbassadear de plus cl
'
u..l1
la fit t
nord de La
Saint Paul, et s
pour agral1dir sa
se dire: "une
a un elldroit t pittoresque
Assiniboine, deux a llEst du pont
au nord est d
'
Elie. II slen
Les anciens de ant par Iii
II
En 2.939, 1e
fit des demandes
Je de la
d
1
0btenir
pour notre Gcol_e. II y eut des pour et des
, , Ie cours cormnencfl.. Les
debuts I'urent bien modestes; ite classe et dix
Irene , Pierrette Boucher, Bruce, Dubois,
Rose Colliou, r,'lari e Dun stan
ctrice et
En les Religieuses
qUl avaient tra..l1sportc leur nrwicie:t::;
au couvent de s
a St-Norbert. L'211C
Oblats
couvent
des Soeurs servit a It
p':lur Ie coul's
y furent
grandeur
on
minuscule
table de
fiee de !llaboratoire H
Ce laboratoire
, place la grande
avait de que pour un
Que de souvenirs ce
de 13. IX 10.
culture. ant trop etroite pour y
culture, celle-ci fut
classe attenante.
remarqua qu 'un des
visage changeait.
voulut se rendre
culture ne res
sur ur1 ateau et mis en arriere de la
au c(')urs de 12.
pas trop a I!
onna et COlll-'ue il
L10deur
a celIe de la rose!
Un autre jour on un appareil de
La legon n' ant pas encore cloche de 1a r2creation sonna.
Tout Ie monde sortit et laissa ! ftppareil la
Ie d 'histoire et personne pensa a dcbr8l1cher I!
secondes,

merveilleux
Tout a coup il se a tapper, fonctionna quelques
s ! arreta. Les eleves se d.ans 1a
plus un son! Tout fut en oeuvre pour re
pelne L'urle des etudia..l1tes
: !!Je n! ai pu capter que Ie point ! II
"minil! t s eleves
et Victor Abgrall.
Chacun avait un pupitre
simple table en face de
:ma'ttresse cedai t sa
place
centralt':s remplacerent ,iLes
scolaires furent
ecoles rurales.
l'ecole
8. St-Laurent. Ce surcrolt
qu 'u..l1e nouvelle batisse devint
, et d'1dea1
remplit l'ecole
En , on 1a c0l1str1.1ic; bordure du chemin du
du e du 12.c. En septembre de 1a :meme on y installa Ie
la
CaUl's secondaire, avant 1a fin des trLwau..x. des choses
- 31 -
Sl
elle
Ie
QVGC ]Jeu de pel's
:; t-:;t Ie de
Les cl8.sses rent
113, nouyelle ecole, t111
, 1me pour lr:;s
Lee ent
au nOlnbre de ceYl.t, venu. s d? Poir::.t, de (rrac2
School au Lac et de St-Laurent. Soeur Magn.ile ait direc-
trice. 'rout Ie monde ait bir::n content, et les chases
bon 'I'outefois, 12 de septembre s!
que n I 6t ait pas assez I On fit du qu 1 on
au bout de deux ans, il fallut Donc) en 1964, on
tra'1sforma et on cn fie deux classes. On cuta deux
autres classes et un g'.rm112B2 (lu sud de la bat isse. fit
l' affaire, jusqu! en Ce-cce I ecole fut
f'ermee, et les cleves, ceux des VII et R
l'Inst Collegial. Pour les accommoder ajouta cle1.l.X classes
, encore <1u sud. En CG temps, on agral1ch::; Ie
1aboratoire et 113, bibliCltheq11e. La ion s re alors
d'environ
L'ccole etait sous Ie controle de la Division de a
pour
Adrien
et
du Cheval Blal1c I! atmee Les Cornmiss
St-Laurent furent ell abard Messieurs Napoleon
ChartY811d. furent par M. J"ames
M. Patrick
6crivons.
est encore en au. 1noment
Nous avons
trop petite.
rempli
LA NOUVELLE ECOLE ELEMEN'I'IuHE
que liecole element
,
et 3es divers !!coins",
al1S, et 1 enf811ts.
entreprit la construction
6tai t clevenue
1",
10nr;s
dp
de 1970
0
Q.u! on
1e s ,j eune s .
On 1a pla<;;a l'Institut aI, 811e est
par 1.h'1. couloir. L'immcuble est construi t en rect angle,
sur 100 II est e en douze classes;
""space au centre,
ou II centre d' Ie
terme moderne,
L'ecole est t s , ses tables
blanches et ses
et attrayant, Ii:lle est bien
Cependant e11e a un des ouverte.
C
f
est-3.-dire QlJ.8 les classes n' ant entre
par
fai t que Ie bruit,
Otl cha!1tent, se
lleurs, el
t
classe aI' Qu:tre ..
La bibliotheque, surtout, se ressent de cet e;t chases. En
effet, connnent faire des recherches serieuses, qu:and on entend le
brouha-ha d I une ecole en pleine activite, aut our de soi; Esperons
qu'avec Ie temps, cela sora change.
Les eleves prirent possession de leur nouvelle ecole Ie 8 septembre,
1970; mais comme la batisse n I etai t pas completement terminee) on
remit l'ouverture officiellc, au 20 decembre. Cette ccremonie fut
presidee par M. Lorenzo Tougas, qui devint de toute l' ecole
cette annce -Iii. Parmj. les invites on remarquait Ie R. P.
Lemoine) Cure de la Paroisse, Ie Reverend Peter Buhler, Pasteur de
nos Mennonites, M, Georges Beauregard, Surintcndent de la Division
Scolaire, 1es membres de 1a Comnission Scolaire, 1es parents des
enfa.YJ.ts et plusieurs aut res 8lnis et anciens cleves.
Apres une petite seance, ou fie;uraient chants, pocsles et
discours approprics, 1e ruban traditionnel fut coupe par Kelly
Bruce, Ie plus jeune cleve de 1'1 nl)uve11e classe maternel1e, qui
avai t atteint sa cinquiemc ennce quelques j ours auparavant. 11 ne
faut pas s' etonner qu I i1 eut un peu de clifficulte a m8xlier 1es
ciseaux!
IJa fete se termina jJar un Goutel', serVl aux invites dans 10,
nouvelle biblioth2que.
Un fait, auque1 personne ne songea alors, fut que 1a date
d'ouverture d.e la nouvelle ocole etait un centenaire: :b'n effct,
Ie premiere ecole de St-LD,urent fut ouverte le 8 septembre 1870,
par Ie Frere Mulvihill. A ce moment -la, il y avai t une classe, et
de 20 a 25 cleves. M. Tougas prenai t la charge d! lme ecole de
douze classes, avec 250 eleves, aux grades elementaires, et d'une
section secondaire, compr'3nant rEx autres classes, et un nombre
d'eleves presqu'aussi grand.
L 'ECOLE EN 1974
Au moment ou nous ecrivons, l'Eco1e St-Laurent, avec ses deux
sections, element aire et secondaire, est lrne ruche bourclonnante.
AU-deli), de quatre cents etudiants la frequentent, Son personnel
enseignru1t se compose de 23 professeurs, y compris Ie principal,
et un vice-principal pour chsque section. Les etudes academiques
forment 1a partie principale de son progr8.mrne; mais les sports et
1es activites sociales sont aussi en honneur.
Les eleves de l' elementaire publient un journal trois fois
l' an. Ce journal contient des extraits des travaux des enfants
des conntes-rendus des evcnements s co1aires, des dessins et meme
un concours. Oh! ce concours! (=2ue d'interet il eveil! Car il
y a des prix a gagner; et c 1 est un gra.YJ.d jour que celui ou ils
sont distribues! On en parle longtemps a I' avance, et si on n Ya
pas gagne, on se promet de faire mieux 1a prochaine fois!
- 33 -
Les
les photos, et
u..n J
, c1est qui est centre d'
et Tnoins heureu..x:, s
, gl au cours de I'
et
, et re-
souvenir pour
sants, au tout autre le posseder. On
en vend rement une cent ') au de $3 .. 00 11 eo
La , de 1.'1 jeunesse, et 1.'1 collecte des
SallS pour les PG;Ys sous--developpes a nos jeunes a
s j outlier pour der leurs mains fortun2s.
La participat
National de Toronto,
meritent aux
Trois fois
I' apres-oidi et
causer avec les
est tres apprGci
et qui
aux concours , COlnme l'Exposition
met en valeur les talents s et
des pri:{, cles (i;cussons et des trophees.
annee, a lieu la ,journee des parents. Pendant
des eleves peuvent venir
s de leurs enfa.nts. Ce
car dans Iteducn,tion, autant
la force.
i, au travail et au ,jeu, les j ours se passent et les
a.nnees aussi. Heme pour ceux trollvent Ie temps Ie plus long,
ce s
l
ecoule et amene Ie jour, par la
plupart, celui de la graduat Tous les ans p1usieurs de nos
nous quittent, pour des plus avancees, sait
prendre leur dans Ie monde du travail. Ils n loublient pas
pour autant leur Alma Mater, et reviennent volant ass
a ses fetes et prendre a s a vie Du reste, ils
savent bien que leur ecole s'interesse toujours a eux, et elle est
heureuse de 1es
- 34 -
UN VOYAGE !\. vlINIUPEG DA'm IE VIEUX TEMPSfl
On a 8, de 1a fromagerie
de 11. Ernest Trud.el, qui) toute qu ! elle 6t rendi t de
8l grands ces aux gens de St-Laurent. En effet aupal:'avant
le , pour employer le111' surplus de lai t, faire
du beurre, le en blocs d1une livre, et, slils ne pouvaient
en disposer sur place, le tra.l1sparter a pour le vendre.
Or, les voyages a
. ,,-
pas Wle Slnecure en
ce On y mett re Jours au moins, aVec les
toutes sOl:'tes. fatigues et les diffi
Le cherrQn nlet qulun sent ,dont se servaient taus les
voyageurs de \'Jinnipeg a Lundar. Pauss
trans formai t en orniere aux j ours de
en temps sec se
On pent encore en
voir la trace, ass de St-Laurent, reconnalS-
sable. a travers la , par ses trois rainures paralleles,
du centre fait par les chevaux, et les d.eu.x aut res par
les roues de la charrette.
Les voitures, tirees par deux chevaux, ou par un cheval et
un boeuf, n! pas Elles ent lour dement
chargees des produits
chaleurs des j ours d j
voyai t mordre par son
Done, on
en ville on fals
nombreuses
et
, a Is
de la
au des bol;;;. Souvent par les
-" -,
e, ..Le la et il se
compagnon d.! aV2..l1cer.
on 6t ; et
s pour longtemps. Les familles
-la, et non 1lexception,
en consequence, On des
ait facile de reconnaitre toutes les
la couleur et au d.e leurs robes.
Un j ou:r, deux fermicrs partirent :pour vJinnipeg, 1 '1.L11 emportant
une de, et l' PLutre, un voyage de bois de corde destine
a dl.l ell arb 011 CLe Cfetait l'hiver ..
Nos par une qui leur deroba Ie
Ne 5e, ils furent de chercher
La tempete dura trois jours. Ie beau temps
revint, ils durent retourner chez, euxo Les cheyaux cwaient mang6 le
foin, et les hOmTl1eS avaient pour empecher de geler.
Dne autre fois, deux yoyage a la
pour ventre les t fe) de leur ferms. Tls coucher, sur
Ie bord de la route, que le voyage leur prenait quatre jours,
aller et retour, et ils s'endormirent, berccs par Ie hurlement des
loups dans Ie bois, de ehaque e c1u er1
Avec Ie temps .Les s 1 a.meliorerent Vint Ie jour) ou Ie
a 50S jusqu la Raeburn, a 30 milles
mieux; il y enCOre des
- 35
convenients car qU&'1d transporter gens et
j usqu i a St.-Laurent, cnenins souvent cables.
En fin , en de fer, Ie cette
CllleJ-.!.L1C, d 1 abord, puis
a 8;20 et
, vint jusqu Ie. St-I,aurent 0 Deux
tous les jours, Ie
revenait a 4.00
jou:rnce. II y
aller et retour
coup de commissions tl'ain
en une
que It": voyage
on 3,ITait beau-
ell ville a
et repart a, 2.00 hrs.
Plus tard, un service d 1 a',ltobus fut plus
les facile encore les
annees de gens
se servaient d,", plus en Ie chemin de fer
cessa de a St-Laurent. Des se maintenant
du nord. de In. marchandise, et Ie cb d.e fer ne sert
LE NOVICIlI.T DES PERES OBLATS DE MARIE TMlv'lACULEE A ST-LAURENT
Le 28 j
Laurent. La mn.ison des
des ,jeunes gens
preparer leur
Oblcrts ouvrirent 1m novi at a St-
a existante fut agrandie, et
e re y vinrent
sous la conduite du H. P.
Pealapra, O. M. L Toutefoi,; ce ne fut pas que des novices qui
habitaient la gra.l1de de la
pn.roisse y demeuraient, et les 18. region en
aus
la ferme.
aient leur pied-a-terre. Quelques
soit pour re leur novi ou pour sloccuper de Le
noviciat oblat demeura Ii Gt-Laurent jusqu! en
"-
ou fu.t
tr&'1sfere, Ie ,luil1et, a 1).ne plus a st -Norbe rt
et sous I' de du R.P. /'1.rmand
Que de
se souvient. en
Pere Bonald 'lUJ. Y mourut
Leonerd, Et
Brassard, et
enCOre. C' est aussi dans co
Kerbrat
srrintes
et dont
exemple.
Son Excellence
novembre,
quelque
cipline au
retourna ensuit.e aux
demeu!'c d2Jls cette maison; On
clans ce livre, du
Bellemare,
, Paris,
et Lacasse, et bien cl!autres
ciat tlJle Ie Pere
Kerbrat, apprit a connaitre les
1'e, pour lui .le chemin de 18. Vie,
R.P. Clrmde Kerbrat, ctait un ViVa.l1t
dans l! 8ncienne eglise, par
des , en
Ste , 8, Il
8. 1 'Universite a Kansas,
"-
au
un en Psychologie. :;:1 est entement eur au
St.-Boniface.
1. 1924.
pretre, Ie Perc Guy de ,
St-Norbert>
Paul
Du.rnouchel
feu
Dumouchel.,
etai t aussi un
corrmleng a son
dc:vint cteur. par 1a
, il fit son noviciat a
sacerdotale des mains de
POB, Ie 6 juil1et 1968,1
CE: de St-Laurent. Le
Centre Don Bosco, de
Ce cent re fut
pour les 15000 Inctiens
de
rencontre et d'amusemer..t
habi tent la 11e de Aprea un second
bureau de l'Entr!aide
Centre,
Ie Pere devint
Montreal ou il t en ce moment. (1974)
Ce fut deux jours
ordinations sacerc10tales def,
eu plusieurs vocations
pretres avant Ie
Pere Guy, attirer d I aut res
perfection 6val1gelique.
Lorsque Ie novi
1952, LL'1 beau
Actuel1ement clest
. .
naJ.re non ,
Dame a Oal{ Point, a huH
Lebel.
St-Laurent,
Kerbrat et
que ceux de ees deux
Nous
euses par Ie passe, Tri.ais pas de
Puisse son exemple et celui du
genereuses da':ls 111 voie de la
de St-Laurent, on
les Peres de la
II est assiste par un
charge de la mission
de St-Laurent, Ie
en
Notre-
Paul
EVEllfEMENTS DIVERS 1930 A 1974
La secheresse en Saskatchewan, vers 1930, nous flit pro able
a St-Laurent, en ce sens que familIes emigrees se sont
fixees dans la Telles: Messieurs George Gratton, Alphonse
Perron, Cormier, Dubois, etc. Les deux premieres sont
mais les autres sont loin. Pend&'1t ce temps le
avait une belle et nos recoltes abondantes nous ont
pennis de partager avec nos freres mains fa rtlh'1eS .
l' annee 1939
D
1
abord, la deuxieme guerre
et plus tard celIe de
P1usieurs des not res
uns pour ne plus
d'un souvenir pour les laurentiens.
la premiere d'
son empreinte sur
combattre pour la patrie,
ailleurs dans ce livre Ie
tableau d. 'honneur de ces holocf:'l1stes.
Mais nos s de
en cette annee que Ie
(2) et que 1a
travail majeur
Mais ce metier
n' avaient pas
, ne sont pas taus tristes. C'est
a notre ecole
fut ouverte. Le
des annees fut la
hiv",:r. et les hommes qui
sans travail en Gte" II est
1. Dans la nouvelle se ssiale.
2. Voir l'article sur l'ccole.
vrai que a 10, des s au temps,
d' autres se chasse"w.rs, 01.1. pour d I aut res chasseurs,
d! aut res encore allerent trR.vailler en ville; mais on essayer
de trouver du travail stable sur Done, le R.P. J-B Methe,
rCll.l1it les hommes interesses,
et on forma 14"le Une bat 40x80 piecls fut
construi te sur le lot No. 20. charge de
11 avec deux asso M,IvL YVes et Calvez.
Cette indust fonctionna 1939, j usqu! en novcmb re
1945. Lorsque J_es
pour 1a vente de
d:Lit fermer ses
corn.mencerent a des contrats
au,'{ compagnies de la fromagerie
Connaissez-vous les Alladins? Peut etre pas! Elles
etaient (:LUe1'luechose, ees s! Elles ll.l1e tres belle
lumiere, el1es avaient de s '6teindre subitement,
au beau eu d
1
une : grand'messe,
partie de carteB, ou L! et ait a10rs
plongee dans l'obsc-llrite, jusQu
l
a ce qu'tm initie aille rallumer
10.. lampe. Ceci n I toujours le! son
de la ajouter ll.l1e cert8ine
quantite d
1
clef, sur la ba.se de la lampe,
permett d 'y introduire la bouehe d 'une pompe pour subvenir a
ce besoin. Or, comme il nly avait aucun moyen de controler d'air
a y mettre, on ne s jamais pour combien de el1e
eclairerai t. En lumi a travers deux
les Et Combien elles etaient
Une fois wise en place, t les embre.ser et les laisser
brruer jusqu'a ce qu'elles fussent reduites a une eendre blanche,
a.vant qu 1 elles fonct ionner, done, au moinclre choc elles
tombaient en soit faute d'air, 011 de poehettes,
notre le,mpe nous man quai t au moment le plus solennel d'lme belle
ceremonie, plongeant tout le monde dans l' obs curit6.
Loin de
malgre leurs
Cependal1t nous nous
dit que naus
Ce fait
conibien fut
outils pour la ferme, les
radio, et toutes .les aut res
Iifotre-Dame-Du Cap
les fameuses car
rendu d I irmnenses services.
ouis 'luand il nous fut
s (1' 1950, Inut de
suite vinrent leE machines-
cuisine, Ie telephone, la
modernes.
a St-Laurent
En novembre, de cette , St-Laurent eut un
be au coup
Cap-de-la
ses habitants. Ce fut la'lis des
lIs ent le Canada, portant avec eux
une replique de la st at:.re N-D au Cap, et donnant
des en l! Conception
de 1954. Sur 113. dema.nde du Chatelain, notre cure
les ance et G..i1arbonneau passer 15 jours dans
la paroisse, Nous eurnes des ceremonies religie:.rses magnif'iques,
et il en est resulte lLn grand -oien pour nos gens. Toutefois 1a
date de la mission, - Ie 6 au 20 novembre) - n I
aux pecheurs, car la saison de peche
ce On fit la remarque aux Peres, qui
la mission, et laissez }es poissons a la Mere de
vers
: ltVenez a
Dieu. II Ainsi fut
fait. Au grand etonnement de tous, 1a
lac que Ie 21 novemtre, Ie lendemain du des
forma sur Ie
C
I
est a 1a fin de cette que fut erigee la grande
croix du cimetiere. Elle fut te a 11 , et portee sur
les epaules de nos jusqu! au cimetiere. Apres la
derniere ceremonie , Ie dimanche, 20-1e R.P.
Plaisance fit une .ex.hortation __ ;:w-peuple au de
cette croix, et de la, les Peres pour St-Ambroise, suivis
de p1usieurs perscmnes de la les accompagm2rent
en aut.omobile.
eeg s qui eurent
mission fUrent: la procession aux flambeaux, la ceremonie
penitentiel1e, et la pour les def'unts de la
pendant de lLD petit
allume, les siens a la tombe de ses , au
de sa , pour y mediter durant minutes S i.1r la'mort,;
et prier pour ceux Ill.
La mission se clot'lra par Is.
,-formee par 155 enfants d
l

au pain et a 1 'eau, .(leur parents avait
jour pre ), se rendirent dans Ie san
tronait la statue de la du Cap, et
'cantique a Not re-Dame du Ros aire .
du rosyi vent,
U:1e journee de jeUne
,jelLne Ie
de l
l
eglise, au
ch&'1te: Ul1 clernier
Pour faire suite a la lon des du Cap-de-lc"-,."C;ou,,;:;.J-
on organisa des locwXK. On 5e procura une statue de
N-D du d I environ pouees de hRUt. Les membres de la Cr:Jis
Eucharistique la portaient chaCiue sair, au tous les deux
dans les qui en la clemande, et qui
prepare un trone pour la re Des brulaient devant-
_la erge, et on y reci t Ie ros re .
La j ournce mariale de 195)+
1e point culminant des fetes en l'hanneur
a St __ Laurent, pour cette fut 1a j
juin. Elle devait etre l' de la
centenaire du 'de I'
de la Sainte Vierge
mariale du 13
a pour le
clans
11
avec
Le
la
des
en
De.ris
proce,;sion elu Sacrement,
les divers titres de la
par Ie S"tlut 801enne1.
L'enthousiasme ele Chf-itelain, notre cure, se
siens, et on se 2i l'oeuvre avec entrain. Chague
se dlun char II y avait: Ie Calvaire,
N-D de Lourdes, de la Sa1ette, , 1a du
etc. Tout allai t bien quand Ie tourna a. 1a Bt Ie.
tombait, tombait, et tombait encore! On demanda au
Cnatelain on cesser les fs. n repondi t:
lINon, allez de l' avant! n N::ms donc, - a. 1a La
veille de la , il toujours! Jliors Ie
saVOlr aux a. heures 1e lendemain il
pleuvait, , et on I' annoncerait a 1a
, un pell avant de la messe, 1a cessa et Ie se
montra et chand.
Nous eU'11es la messe cumme prevu,
sees dans I' , pour la proces
radieuse a. St-Laurent, alors (lue dans
pleuvai t a. 'terse, II y deS
a co moment. la" ,;;;n 1
1
honneur riu
S au 8. cause
et les
La j ournee
,
assez
8
1
achevR.
inants
au Manitoba,
ant ete
nos
s 'exc:lamaient: nCe n I est pas
vous avez! II Nous Ie , et nOU8
ants 81'1VerS ":.a Sainte Vierge, d'autant plus
que la pluie reprit Ie dura. ,jours encore.
Un des (::nregistra su:r> un film ele couleur,
Gsa comme souvenlr.
E.P. Moore, de SC2.rboro.
,}To'us
de e. Nul c10ute que
valurent a. St-Laurent de grandes
e.utre statue
par le
ron une
manifestations
et CGS
La ouverte en du a nos hommes.
En 1966 on pens:'1 e. 'LYle entreprise pour Ie s dames. Plusieurs
d I ent1'! elles en, et t rouvA.ient t res de
voyager tous 1es jours. On se mit done en recherche encore une
fois. Comme bon nombr!') de ces dames ent bonnes couturi
on pensa a. un 8;telier dE:: couture. consul
s, -:-m en trouva w"18
a St-Laurent: Ri IvI.
No. , fut adapte, et sons
Sportswear II, atelier emp10ie
)10 -
de 20 a
. "
ouvrleres. quent des vestons de Ces dt32nes
Leur rendement est de
sont vendus par la
spar , lesquels
Compagn a vlinnipcg. de 1911,
on offri t un cours de couture a;ux ouvrieres et un fut
8, celles reussirent.
Notre nouveau if fut Ie et de la
communaute pour l' du Canada, 1967. Commence a
l' d f un octroi gouvernemer:.tal> et bat i sur une part ie du
lot 24, fut ouvert en 1968. il est devenu vraiment un
Il centre" , ont lieu reu..nions diverses: s
gingoes bazare, reunions poE tiques, assemblees de FRED et d I
et meme des ances. Le qu j il fut deux en cinq
, prouve son utilite.
Une autre act e de I' ann6e 1967, fut la
arbres res. 1e te, du en, et les
diverses ations de }_a paroisse en demanderent. 1e 16
tout le monde se reunit a l' Institut 0.1 ,aU. a eu 1 la
benediction des arbres. Notre , le R.P. Bross e"rd , et le
R.M. Duech, de nos Mennonites, derent la
ceremonie. Apres les dis cours rJespoesies de circonstance, on benit
les arbustes> et chaque se rendit au lieu qu' il avai t
pour la ation: Ie , au terrain de l'6g1ise, les enfants de
l'ecole au cimet , puisqu' n'avaient pas de
cour, ceux , leur cour de jeux, les
dans leur j ardin, et les adultes au terrain du futur centre.
Pendant l' annee, les du
concours de culture phys qUl leur
d i argent et de bronze.
des
d'or,
Un autre sui vi t de :pres; du Manitoba en 1971.
Le evenement de celui Gut lieu au commencement de janvier.
Denomme: "AlluIllez et chantez, II up aDd If il reuni t les
gens au nouveau Centre pour Ie feu de J e devai t ouvrir
le centenaire dans chaque 01,1 Con-line il ai t assez
d, le groupe ne resta dehors que pour r allumer le puis
il rentra dans 1a salle pour foBS a 1m concert de musique joue
par des artiste s locaux, pend.3nt que les enf::3l1ts se ouiss
en regardant les flanLrnes conSlLnJ.er leurs ar'bres de Noe'l.
Pendant 1 'hiver, on a un cp.rnaval, ou les
concours d! adresse meri terent des Ilrix aux habiles, Les
resses de l'eco1e element re confectionnerent u..Yl tres beau
bison, en papier , sur li..Yle forme en broche. 11 6tai t presque
grandeur naturelle, et se tenait dans un8 "prairie II , verte.
On en fit un char qui le carnav,91..
un marcheton, dont les recettes
a d6 d'un ou. lion des
d'antan.
- 41 -
U . ..I'1 eoncour8 de monuments de
tres en mai:tre8se fut un 6norme
centenaire, drapeau..x et de 100 "chande11es 11. On
donna aussi une ,lYon joua Uc'1e petite piece intitulee:
IlUne randonnce If , dont 1e et et la
marche de Je Lagimocliere, de la Rouge a
Montreal, pour Lord des 8 de 1a
du Nord-Ouest pour 1a colonie (1 Deux des gargon8
interpret&'1t les de cette 8 , sont des descendants
du fameu..x coureur de bois. Ce sout Larry Carriere et Donald
Allard. Un autre, .Alexandre f.J..lard, est aussi de la
Une parade de laquelle
les nation et les
eleves firent figurerent. le costume natione.l
de 8es al1cetres, chanta dal1s la langue de son pays" ou dansa une
de 8es dances s. Les costumes 6t authent , et
appartenaient aux parents ou grandsparents des eleves. Le chant
IIManitoba" harmonise pour quatre par M. Frangois Gratton fut
execute par Ie choeur de chant du College. Une autre
compos par 11 .. 11 des , IIMountain Madness!t
figurai t au progranme.
Le Comite du Centenaire du entendu de
cette vint y photos, et ales
eleves a prendre part au de Hinnipeg.
L! Uc'1 certificat de
parti , et un autre, grand
a l'ecole,
Au lUois cl' aout de cette , u.n 80uper f'Ll.t aux
ci toyens dId! or de not re vi Au COllI'S de la ,
(qui a eu lieu au Centre Recreatif , tous ceux de soixante-Qu.inze
al1S et plus, regurent des souvenirs du Notre doyen,
M. Toussaint Guiboche, n avai t pas a cause
de maladie, regut une charette de RoU[;;e. II
avait alors 96 &'1S. On racol1ta de lui 'In iil voyage de la
Pointe du a Posen, en trai:ne a , pour porter ses
fourrures au Poste de la d.'H1.l.dson, se trouvai t 11
avai t deux pour aller, l' autre p<my Ie retour,
Ainsi il , n I pas a. attendre pour laisser
reposer ses - On ne point de repos pour Ie
voyageur!
Deux reli ce In.
Ce furent Soeur et Soeur
Fideline, (ll.deline Cantin). La I:lvai t, ce moment
ans d'enseignement a St-Laurent, et la deuxieme, ans.
Sr. Pauline est encore a St-Laurent, et Sr. Adeline est 2i
dans une aut re de son
1. Cette piece a 6te par Sr. Pauline Mercier (Mere du Bon Repos)
de novembro de cette 8..l1n6e centenaire on
cenot sur Ie
soldats de St-i.,aurent
1939, et celIe de
monument fut l' oeuvre de
memoire de nos soldats
novembre.
Centre
Le Club Laurentien
, a la memoire des
des trois guerres de 1914,
des chefs des et Ie
de M. Hebert. On y
&1S dans une ceremonie Ie 11
Nos "citoyens!l dId lor eurent leur
entreprises dans la paroisse. En 1972,
part des a.meliorations
se reunirent pour
former Ie C:!..ub Laurentien. Cette organisation commenga
avec 25 membres. En 9 7 4 ~ s aient Inerribres res.
La premiere Presidente fut M.'11e Ernest Gaudry) et la premiere
Secretaire, )virue ce Verrier. Ces da.mes SO:!1t encore en fonction.
Le club se reuni_t toutes les semaines dans la salle paroissiale,
que Ie Lemoine met a leur disposition, pour passer une apres
ensemble a jouer au bingo, aux ca.rtes, etc. Une par
mois donnent une au profit de la Gse. Le Jour
anni versaire de chaque membre est par li.Yle reunion speciale,
ou Iton presente a la personne un beau gateau, 'li.11
cadeau en argent, fruit des <lons des merribres. Ceci pennet la
personne dont c I est la fete, de s I acheter quelque chose qu' elle
desire ou dont el1e a besoin.
En 1973, sur 1a recommendation du Centre Culturel de
St-Bonifa.ce, Ie club regut "un octroi de $7,000.00, de "Nouveaux
Horizons ", une organisation ablie a Ottawa, pour les
personnes agees. Avec cet grgent, Ie club renova la salle de reunion, y
installa I' eau courante et des facilit de cuisine. On CO!llmen'Sa
aussi un cours d 1 art et de bricolage. Un professeur de 11 exterieur
vient donner lLDe le90npnr quinzejours ,ct les membres peuvent continuer
leur travail dans leur temps libre. Dans Ie moment, Ie professeur
est Soeur Abgrall, native de St-Laurent, resident main-
tenant a St-Boniface. Ll octroi a permis au club d'acheter aussi
(luelques jeux. Des c1'etude ou de peuvent etre
organisees aux de tlHouveaux Horizons II.
Connne je 11 ai a dit en parlant de la , 1 'industrie
principaJ_e de St-Laurent, pendant bien des annees, fut la peche,
Autrefois on y travaillait dur8nt If e, avec des bateaux a
voiles et des rames. t 'lu'on pren des poissons soi-meme,
ou qu' on allai t aux villages environncmts pour les ramasser.
Dans les deux cas, on les apportait a u.n
- 43 -
us sur les bards dll. .l.ac, vers Ie sud du
. d . ,..
HerH.forth pass un ce ces
Iv!. Alfred
entrepot. Flus
tare., on se a la en , sous la le
encore auj ollrd 'hui) mais pas sur Ul1e aussi grande Le
poisson n fest. plus aussi abonda.l1t, et le cle ve:rJ.te :::;.
considerablement, beaucoup de ne gagnaient pas aSSeZ pour
leurs depenses. Far consequent les homInes allihent travailler
, et y :aenerent leurs s, ce sse
import ante d.e la que 1e revenu de St-Laurent
fut le pI-us bas de 1a les lacs. aient
de l'opinion que Ie etait sur Ie de disparaltre; mais
ses habitants ne I! pas alnSl.
Fortement encourage par notre , Ie R.P. ,0,M.r.
qui de I' dans ce genre d'entreprise, on a
un eminar
ll
d I ale essayer de trouver des
temps qu! 31)les a taus nos solutions
problemes.
faite par Ie
Ctt de ce fut; unc proposition
de la Feder2.tion des Metis) d!
une elle, pour trouver du t
pour nos
Ii. ce
Les chefs
loua des
un de pour
employes dans ill}
Apres un de
ouvrit ciellement
clisponible.
1971. On I! appela Ie
catif, au Pare Industriel Louis
de couper Ie ruban t , au de la ceremonie,
M. Sarn Uskio;v, re dIAgricultur(" Ie gouvernement du
scia une
porte, avec une scie
anche qui en travers de Is.
Depuis ce Jour, Ie Pare Industriel fonctionne avec un succes
de plus en pIllS grcU1d. En des eseabeaux est Ie travail
de base 0" y t des meUbles s , des jouets d t enfants,
et c. Un de ses proj ets de SpGC, fut 1 v &'neublement de
la j de Toulon, dont les gens de la-bas sont
t
Le su.ccs du Pare
Laurent iens qu! ils
la solution d! aut res
village.
La priori te fut donnee a la
des de revenus moyens.
entreprise, etait parti
- 44 -
Riel a mont
I' ava .. l1t, et
s s qUl
aux
const ruction
Ce qui 6tai t
des futurs
de demeures pour
n ouve au dans cet t e
locat d8ns les
de construct de leur propre
ass de consultation, on
lunsi pendant des
son opinion ou
ses en ce qui regardait le type de maison qulon VQulait,
lamethode de chauffage, etc. (On choisit des
riques) .
fut elabore pour la construction de
deux groupe s . Le r groupe de
3)+ demeures,
maisons fut
termine en l'autre groupe , en 1974.
ees maisons sont a l' ouest de la voie provinciale
No, 6. Co:mmE: 1e age n I a pas de systeme c1! egouts) on en
alla un, pour cet enseffible, est nouveau au Manitol;A., malS
gUl a 8es preuves dans les s cOill-munautes de la
Saskatche';ra.ll. en de 1 pouce - et-demi
et de 2 pouces gu tune porr.;pe et UXl. petit reservoir
septique vid2nt par la force de la pression
da.'18 1Jne fosse Ce systeme est tres economigue
a sa et son maintien.
d'experts venus eu
aiderent
d' culture de
les constructeurs
de ceo
Une [,utre idee nouvelle, et s significative, fut d.! employer
::La const , des de la comnn.maute qui et
8a,lS tn::.vc,iL Cette travailla sous la d lun
darlS
poss
par InterlELke Manpmrer Corps, et son travail
s faisant l')our les malsons.
clans ce
second groupe
choisi t Ie
du et.
proj et fut pre
de maisonnettes. Cette
et prit la
\TU de l! enselnble des maisons, de couleurs
co:nte ill1 que tout s
nouvelle salle fut ouverte en 1970. Elle est
a 1 fest du chemin age, face au nouveau iere.
Simple et , elle loge le bureau de [1, L! Administrateur,
de I! Orfi er du D6ve lopment Hurale, pour Ie region
Entre-lcs"Lacs, et la Cai.sse reo
Pendant 10ngtemps nos deploraient le peu de succS obtenu
par beaucoup de nos enfe.nts l' ecole. Au debut de 1971, le
comite local des ti..11 programme pre-scolaire
initierait nos its a la ecoliere, et les preparer te a
prendre leur place da.l1S les classes ti..l1e fois qu'
auraient atteint 1 f age requis. Avec}' aide des gouvernements
federal et provincial, em r6nov8. des locaux a ants et on
ouvrit une classe pour les cnfants de deux a quatre ans.
La premiere annee, il y avai t 29 enfants. En y en
18. dames de St-Laurent s
l
en occupent, et ce travail
colaire est tres apprecie par les parents aussi bien que par
les enfants.
Le dernier pro,j et realis e en 1973, fut 1 t abattoir. L! i
de le batir germa de la recherche du Comite (l'Industrie de
St-Laurent pour trouver du travail sur pour nos jeunes afin
qu!ils restent au village plus tot d'aller chercher illl gagne-pain
Le Comite voulait de preference un projet qui
exploiterait les resources de lA. region corrone matiere premiere4
De la est nee 1 'idee de li abatt
A 10. reunion du janvier , un sous-comite fut nomme pour
etudier la question. Sur sa recomJllandation on se mit a l'oeuvre.
Un groupe de vingt act recueillirent une somme de
$22,000.00. La batisse sleleva et l'equipment fut inst
L'ouverture cielle eut lieu le 13 decembre, presidee par
M. Bill Uruski, responsable du Departement de .1. T Assurance
Publique c1u Ma.l1itoba.
si tuee sur la voie publique No.6) cette indust est
appelee a rendre de grands services alL"\( fermiers de la region.
L'Abattoir a ceci de distinctif qutil est du a une initiative locale?
est la propriete des gens de la son materiel et ses
employes viennent de la localit6 meme.
II ente une ent 5e de la valeur de $100,000.00, et fut
aide financierement par ill} octroi d' ARDA-FRED, et cl 'un
pret de la Caisse pour le Developpement Economique des COmmQDautes,
(Communities ]conowic Development Fund). Le en a etc fe,it a
l'aide du Departement dllndustrie et L'
sert les habitants de d'Entre-les-Lacs, mais
et il veut aussi toute personne a besoin de ses services.
Le gerant-boucher, M. Klaus Geoerg,
qui regut son entrainement en Allemagne.
il fut employe par la Compagnie Slvift.
- 46 -
est un homme d T expe:dence
Venu au Canada e; 1956,
Vabattoir) benj amin de plusieurs entreprises de ce genre au
Manitoba, cinq personnes, y compris le gerant-boucher; il
y a deux apprentis loce:u:'{, lLl1 autre aide-boucher et un secretaire.
On y peut tuer betes-a-c0rnes, ou douze pores par heure. Deux
jours par sema:Lne sont employes a la , et les autres a
couper et a 10.. vi a.l1de, et a fll:.'11er le j al1lbon.
1$ consei1 d'Administrat au moment de l'ouverture de
11 abattoir rut compose COITune suit: M. Emmanuel Schon, President;
M. Klaus Geoerg, Vi ; M. Gratton, Secretaire;
le R.P. Aur!le O . .t-.LL et Ill. Gaudry, Membres.
11 n 'y a pas que 1e club Laurentien pour aider les personnes
agees de St-Laurent. une belle maison leur a ete construite
sur le chemin du village, du cote est, 'en face de 11
au centre du village, elle leur facilite la participation
a sa sociale" L l , Ie bureall de paste et les magasins
ne sont pas loin. le Centre Recreatif n'est pas trap eloigne.
y a 20 unites dans 1a rnaison. 12 doubles et 8 simples;
quoique les simples sont preSQU I assez grandes pour deux personnes.
La maison est construite en deux parties, reliees l'lLl1e a l'autre
par une salle de recreation vitree. L 'ensemble est tres joli, et
je crois que les gens qui l'habiteront seront tres satisfalts.
c' est encore les chefs des Metis du qui ont innove
ce et. II a aide financierement par le Manitoba Housing
and rene,.;ral Corporation. A.K. Penner & sont les entrepreneurs,
et selon eux, la maison sera prete a recevoir ses hates en fin de
juin.
Cette maison pour nos personnes agees pourrait bien etre le
dernier projet a etre complete en l'annee 1974; mais y en a
d'autres Qui 5e preparent. En particulieur l'arena, au plan
on travaille depuis assez longtemps.
Tout cela pour qne St-Laurent est vi v ant , et entre-
prenant. Bien des choses sly pas sent , et s 'y passeront pour Ie
bien de ses II a toujours ete lli1 centre pour les mis-
sionnaires de la region, et de nos jours il l'est encore. Ses
enfants qui le quittent trouvent moyen dry revenir de temps en
temps, et souvent pendant leur ; et pl usieurs d' ent r! eLL'C
y viennent dormir leur dernier C' est Que, Ie pet
village a un charrne qui attire et qui retient, et qui fait dire
a plus d'un, qui l'avait nOn airne bien revenir a
St-Laurent II
TF.l]l GENEALOGY OF THE LARENCE FAMILY - FISHER BRANCH, MANITOBA
" -_S DESCENT FROM NOEL LECOMPTE, SIEUR DE LA GlMAUDIERE
I. Noel Lecompte, Sieur de 1a Gimaudiere
From the Parish of st. George de Lo, Eroche de Cou1ances France)
1. Samuel Lecompte de la Gimaudiere
II. Samuel Lecompte de la Gimaudiere
He came to Canada in 1693
Married to anne Jeremie de la Montagne
1. Joseph de la
III. Joseph Lzcompte de la Gimaudiere
St. July 28,
Married to Madeleine Jacques, daughter of Louis Charlesbourg, February 20,
1. Lecompte de Gimaudiere, born in 17
i
fO
IV. Pierre Lecompte de 1a Gil:mudiere
Married to Chafde Vergue, of Louis Ch8.fde and de la Porte,
St. Antoine de Chambly, 21,
1. Jean Ba,ptiste de la Gimaudiere
v. Jean iste de la Gimaudiere
Married to Marie-Anne Gaboury, daughter of Charles Gaboury and Anne Tessier, in , April 21, 1807.
Reine
born at La Reine
January 6, 1808
married to
Joseph Lamere
Joseph
married to
Josette
Lupier
amJ.n
born at La married to
Prairie Angeline
married to Carriere
Harrison
Josette Julie
married to married to
Amable Nault Louis Riel
Pauline
married to
Thomas
Harrison
Romain
married to
1. Marie Gaudry
2. Julie s
VI. Romain Lagimodiere
Married to Marie in a second marraige to Julee Sieves
Marie-Anne Modeste Louis M. Cali'orine Romain Henri
married to marri.ed to married to married to married to married to
Joseph
married to
Euphosine
married to
Henri
Dagneau
Pierre Botoix Marie Henri
Cyr Ducharme Bruneau Coutu
VII. Louis Lagimodiere
Married to Marie Bruneau
Joseph
married to
Emma Martin
(no children)
Placide
Delia
Agnes
Ovide
Daniel
Eugene
Albertine
Mar;y Jane
Eleonore
married to
Didyme
Larence
Alvina
Amanda
Raphael
BernacIette
Malvina
Herve
Leoni de
Delima
Colin
Amedee
VIII. Eleonore Lagimodiere
married to Didyme Larence
Delia
Colin
married to
1. Cecile Boyer
(no children)
2. Marie La:rnbert
Eleonore
Theodore
Adelard
Wilfred
Leone
Eugene
Walter
Agnes
married to
Julie
Calder
Marguerite
married to
Phillip
Desjarlais
Euclide
Lea
Yvonne
Joseph
Jules
Alice
Ernes:t.
Emile.
Adrienne
Ovide Placide
married to
Dadie Condie
married to
Arcade Menard 1. Alfred Allard
2. Alfred Godard
Virginia
McDougald
1. Isabelle Cyr
2. Elise Dagneau
Alphonsie
married to
Jean
Larence
Daniel Eugene
married to
Sadie
Barrett
Oct 1921
Albertine
married to
Andrew Bruce
on November
28, 1916
M. Jane
X ~ Eugene Larence
married to Sadie Barrett) daughter of Hugh Barrett and Margaret Keogh on October 31, 1921.
X. Harold
married to
Lillian
Lepine
XI. Norma.
married to
Keith
Hallett
2. Stelle
married to
Walter
Thomas
XII. 1. Sean
Tracy
James
to
Lucie
Chartrand
1. Kenneth
married to
Shirley
Hlady
2. Doreen
married to
Alex
Allary
3. Brian
4. Barry
5. Dean
1. Shelley
Eugene
married to
Amy Good
1. Jlme
2. Darlene
3. Gail
4. Beverley
Irene Robert Noreen Sadie Genevi e eve
married to married to married to to
Dave Patri Gerald
Fraser Ives Dutiaume Olson
1. Linda 1. Judy 1. Randy 1. Snaron
2. 2. Donna 2. Roberta
3. Cindy 3. Douglas
4. Barbara 4. Teresa
5. Hughie
1. Kelly
Darlene
married to
Giasson
1. Sheila
2. Monique
IX.
x.
Albertine to An-drew Bruce, son of Pierre Bruce and Elizabeth
1. Ethel married to
a. Joseph Isbister
b. Don Agolini
4. Edgar to
a. Maria Chaboyer
7.
10. Brucy married to
a. Donalda Chartrand
1. married to
a. Don
b. Girard
2. Ella
3. 1. married to
a. Marry Storey
4. Anita married to
a. Desj
7. Shirley married to
a. Larry
10. Barbara to
a. Ed,,,ard Buors
13. Gary
(1) 4. 1. Bernice married to
a. Ray Rose
2. Doroty married to
a. Germain Cyrenne
5. to
a. Allard
Laura married to
a. Art Laker
11. Robert
2. Ward
2. Roland to
2. Ronald married to
a. . Gallagher
5. married to
a. Buors
8. Brian
11. ArmsJ1d
.
2. Marjorie married to
a. Gnart rnnd
3. Anita married to
a. John Euors
6. Roland to
a. Annette Boudreau
9. Lionel
12. Ella en 1961
3. Yvon
6. abeth to
a. Edward Birch
9. Fred
12.
3. Jr ma::ried to
a. Sl1irley
X. 5. 1. Donald married to
a. Terrie Lowery
4. Gerald married to
a. Sheila Appleyard
7. Roger
6. 1. June married to
a. Norman McKay
4. Joyce
7. 1. Ken
4. Debbie
7. Candice
8. 1. Marlene
4. Benny Jr.
7. Howard
10. Charlene
XI. 1. Rochelle 2. Blake
Michelle Chedy
Bridget
Mon i que
5. 1) Rose 6. 1) leslie
Jayson James
2) Cheryl Shelley
3) Yvonne 2) Cory
Sandra
Kevin

2. Marleen married to
a. Ron St-Cyr
5. Benita
8. Alvin
2. Jessie married to
a. Omer Coutu
5. Roland Jr.
2. Larry married to
a. Connie
5. Randy
2. Arlene
5. Conrad
8. Darryl
3. Darlene
3. Lina marri ed to
a. Rene Desj arlais
6. Carol
9. Barry
3. Earl
6. Joanne
3. Ricky
6. Melody
3. Juoy
6. Carl
4. 1) Robert
Beverley
Kerry
2) Keith
Dean
3) Shirlene
Roanna
III
4) Emile Jr.
Brucy
Caroline
6) Jason
Dianna
7) Darcy
DaJ.1iel
8) Lauren
Steve
10) Jennifer
er couvent des Religieuses e
ie en I S deux batisBes sont mainte
str;ei is Riele
first convent the school
buildings now house the louis Riel
Couvent
convent
L $ ane i ':!!ne
brul
The
! i se
en I
Blessed in 1895
ie en 1895
DW' ned I n 196 I
u! en 961
Premier pretre r i nt
Fir resident priest
OeM.I.
20 aos
Worked at Stq laurent for
over forty years
Fondateur de
roisse rle
La
Ldurent
c
vl1i10net,
PRESBYTERE
THE PRESBYTERW
PRESBYTERE
THE PRESBYTER
M , I
JUt. 61
l'EGLISE
C H1
THE CHURCH
ANn
THE CEMETERY
PeA.
CURE - PASTOR
1974
LA NOUVELLE EGLISE - BENlTE EN 1964
THE NEYli:91WRCH - L E S S E D ~ iN 1964
-.
--
LA SALLE PAROISSIALE
THE PARISH HALL
La cloche de I' cglise.
T'::e church
tombe du Frere :<ulvihill.
. .. ,
e Cenotaph
L8
St-lA IJRENT
S PORTSVlEAlt
lE CENTRE RECREATff
THE RECREATION CENTRE
LA SA L MU N i C r PA
THE MUNICI l II
l'
TH
NTRE
E CENTRE
l'ECOlE
THE SCHOOL
La classe de menuiserie - 1924
The carpentry class - 1924
l'OUVROIR DES DAMES -
E SEWING C B
De nauche a
drooi
sdames:
Wm Coutu
Pat 4 Chartrand
" Guiboche
Chles Cyro
Jos Perrauit
nest Delaronde
Mesdames: a n ~ Flammand-jos rrBult -
Delaronde-Jos Ducharme
sdames:
\vm Coutu
Charles Cyr
Touse Guiboche
Pierre I:avall
lin F I ammand
CHE E YIN 939-1946
, YYes Abgrall CalveJ
Joseph Prairie
HISTORI CAL NOTES
on the
PARISH OF ST-LAUREIIIT
Compiled By
Sr. Pauline Mercier f.m.m.
HHITE HORSE PLAIN SCHOOL DIVISION NO. 20
ELIE, IWJITOBA
1914
Tl\.BLE OF CONTEN'r8
Saint-Laurent. , Chrono1oljicFtl 1650-1970, , .
Centennial ons ....." '" :> c> "' ... <) '* ., " C '" II .. I> .. <> (I .. .. .. .. .. " .. .. <> " c.
Community
ivities at the Re on CentrE: ............... , ....
The School '" IJ C .... 1; '" .. b ........ () /J " e .... <) ................. ., .. ., ...... (I .. " tic D ......... " .. "
cipa1 Affairs and Corr,munity Projects
'The first chapel - research by Father O.M.I.
St-Laurent comes to fe - Manitoba No. I - Sun ....
THE LEGEND OF THE '\tillITE HORSE PLAIN
At the to our district stands a colossal statue of a
whi te horse. .An explanatory sign close to states: I!you are
now entering the area of the '(mite Horse Plain!!.
What is the origin of this vrhite horse? HO"T di.d
be called the ffWhi te Horse Plain 11?
area come to
According to the Indian legend: many, many moons there lived
on the vast Manitoba plains, an Assiniboine who had a beautiful
daughter. To his lodge there came two suitors, a Cree and a Sioux
Chief. The Cree vras preferred because he brought a rare ft. a
horse as white as snow) a ltBlanco Diablo II descended from a famed
Mexican breed.
At the moment of the wedding feast, the cted suitor, full
of revenge came with a hunting pa...rty to attack the Crees. The
f s father ordered the pair to take to horses and fly. In
spite of her fright, the girl held back her horse to pace
her husband f s grey. Finally, at a point just east of the village
of the Sioux's arrows the hearts of the
fleeing couple and killed them both.
The grey vTaS caught, but the white horse es For many years it
roamed the plains, but was never caught, because the Indians feared
They believed that the girl's soul had
and because of this, they would never go near the
hmr the name of the region came to be "villi te Horse
the horse,
That is
Even toda;y, many old residents believe that the "Blanco Diablo" still
haunts the plain.
(Manitoba , January 1961, p. 15)
1650
1733
The village of St-Laurent, s
cu...'Y'Ve of Lake Mani has
at latitude , its goes
that is di cult to ascertain its
historian of the Oblate Fathers of
on the southeastern
history. Located
back into legend, so
exact beginning. The
Immaculate) says: ?lIt
can be different ages according as one a missionary,
an historian
probably the
t.lI (1) Its rst inhabitants '\>Tere
donated the 18...11d beti,Teen
Crees, about 1650.
the
, \rho are said to have been
la,'ees, by the Saulteaux and the
In 1733-34, a Jesuit t
expedition, came in contact
the French Dis coverer of the "lest,
Manitoba on his way to Cedar Le':.;;:e.
are d to have e:Arplored the Interlake
of their father.
with La Verendrye1s
India'1s. It known that
the of Lake
sons, Pierre and Louis
negion after the death
In 1824, a group of f,1et ,obliged to lea.ve Pembina, which
had become American , settled at "That is now St-Laurent.
Another group, out by a Red. Hi ver f1ood, in 1826, also
settled. there. In t:le saH:e yee.r, st from St-Boniface,
Father Dest ons, "rent to the settlr:;ment to celebrate
Christmas"
Lack of
colony of spiritual
inhabitants,
nomadi c, and
time.
in the are'l, the Roman Catholic
for 2,bout years. Also, the
by 8.c'1d probably fishing, "(.rere
difficult to reach t1:em at any particular
Hm.rever) the St;ttlcm::lt \'1[,.'3 abandoned. The
s distant), where
1823, made it relatively
sters of that Parish
proximity of oic:-Xa.vier,
there had been a resident
easy for them to to ..
cant ain account s of 1)
and first
a,ges of St-Lo;:Jrent people;
\>,--::re bm.'ied in the cemetery there.
Seemingly, (2) the X!l'lJ'1. to settle at St-Laurent,
,{as the graallc.father of a llia:n D-acharme. (3) According
to the latter, his from E2Btern Canada, with
tyro brothers, \lhom he ::Left at St. Anne 1 s. He paddled his canoe,
alone, along the Assiniboine , into Lelce Ma..rlitoba, probably
portageing between the t,;-o He came ashore, near the
south end of (nov.T) 8...'1d started building a shack. It
was late fall, and a zard buried the building under four feet
1. du Foyer, p, 5 (Oct0bre)
2. Information furnished by Fernand Larnbert grandson of lim. Ducharme
3. in St-Laurent abo
'
].;:; 1930
- 3 -
1850
1863
1861
of snow, before he had to a roof on, two other
farnilies joined him, but they moved on, to become the
settlers of Shoal Lake.
Between the years of and 1854, the settlement 1I7as
visited oecas , by the priests from St-Boniface. More
settlers had come, attracted by the abundant fishing, also by
the ,waded land nearby, 1.rhich abounded game and fruit.
In SlL1l'lJUer, the 'I{ent 'I.rest to hUI).t i>rhat i.ras left of the
buffaJ.o. Others "Tent to Hinnipegos salt from the
water there.
About 1850, there 'I.ras about tl.rel ve at St-Laurent.
Among them, ,{ere those of Charles Lambert, and Norbert Larence,
from North Dakota; ~ n d a Chartrand from Duck
Some of the who sited the area during this
ad were: Bi Provencher, Founder of St-Boniface, and
Bishop of the We st; Fathers, Thibault, Gas can and Lest anc , The
latter belonged to the Congregation of the Obls,tes of
Immaculate, who are still the Guides of St-Laurent.
Father Lestfu'1C, during one of to the
settlement, began the of the first church. It was
si tuated on, or near the property of the brothers Chaboyer
( and Michel), nmT lot ,east of the c highway
(nOi{ the road) about one and one-haJ"f miles south of
the present church. (1) Father Lestanc left for St f c e ~
before he had time to fin the building. s successor,
Father Gascon, was advised, by some of the senior settlers,
to transfer the unfinished structure further south, to a
where Messers Pierre and Mi chel Chartrand had home.
Hm>lever, by 1863, severaJ. new lies had settled at
St-Laurent, about three miles north of the ,.here the
chapel had been transferred; so was decided to move it agmn;
and the Pastor, now Father Laurent Simonet, had the
moved to lot 20, on the site of the church.
This church, or , was a small, thatch-covered
structure, 30 x 20 feet, serving as church and He There
"({as aJ.re a small in the but, in general,
the dead were al.
In 1861, St-Laurent received a Father
Simonet, mentioned above, became its first , as far
as can be ascert ,lG to him that the Parish Oi-res its
name. A school, at the south end, ,.ras also nSllled "Simonet",
his honor. school functioned unt 1969, when it was
incorporated the Elementary School, in the North end,
near the church.
L Journal of Brother , p. 1
- 4 -
1866
Father Simonet also had of the mission stat of
Duck ,Salt Springs and ':'etogan. Thus it I,ras impossible
for him to remain at St-Laurent before 1864. How-
ever, as St-Laurent I,ras, 11 is) the centre for the
missions aroll-nd it, 1864 as its !!birth-date II. The
first cial document to St-Laurent dates from
1864, and 1876. (1)
In 1866, came to St-Laurent, one of its most zealous
missionaries b
assistant or
ardent
'winter, rain
fifty
Father
car of Father
visited the
or shine, Hi
i.Jas sent from France, to be the
For twenty years, this
mi , summer and
of t,m-hllldred and
Father CaJl1ner Has the heart of most, - if not all - of
the undert of the on during the 20 years that he
iras Pastor. v[ork is discussed in several articles in this
booklet, so there is no need to elaborate here. Suffice it to
say that he supervised and the iwrk for the building
of the stone church, the second rd school buildings, the
re-building of the Fathers' house after the of 1898, and
the installation of the sters in 1897.
In 1867 another zealous missionary Father
Camper, the person of Brother This burly
Oblate Brother left an indelible mark on the on of
St-Laurent. He 1vaS turn, aYld sO:r>letimes simult2neously,
gardener, farmer, cook, scheol principal ru1d teacher, and, for
thirteen years, Reeve of the iVIuni cipali ty. He the rst
school in 1870, aYld taught there, for t'vrenty years. He was a
stern disciplinarian, the terror of delinq,uent students; and
many a trouble-maker felt the vre of his h&'1d. He vras a
hard-headed, jovial IrishmaYl, vTho did not hesitate
to leave his occupations, to go on a tour to soli funds
from his friends for the needs of the the building of
the church, the convent and the school. He Has the despair of
the ituthori ties, \-rho had to t again R..i1d again that nJv1ul vihill
vras a hard case to beat! II bouts Mr. Hepworth are
legendary at St-Laurent. They Here contestants for the Reeveship
in more than one election, ch the Brother inevitably won. (2)
He lived in St-Laurent for years, and died there in
August 1913. He is buried In a quiet corner of the Parish
cemetery, 'l-There he
IwrkecL
among the people for ,,,hom he lived and
In
This lS
1870,
dealt
the
as has been said, the school YTas opened.
Hi th. in a subsequent cle, in order not to
cal order cf this history.
1. du FOyer, October 1961,
2. See de on rs
- 5 -
In 1872) Archibishop carne to visit St-La.urent. He vlas
recei ved in by the , headed by Magistrate,
Mr. Louison DeLaronde, (there "\Vas a reeve In the M'U...'1icipality
only after 188::..), Ivho read the address of T,relcome to the
after ,.rhich all proceeded to the little thatched chapel already
described, an avenue of green boughs that had been
erected shop celebrated .Mass, and received
Brother Mulvihill's VOi.S, at the end of the ceremony.
The chapel had its share of ups and dmms. Brother
Mulvihill relates the dent ell happened a short
time after his arrival. , as 1"e have seen, VTas covered
with a thatched roof. The cattle of the village found it very
tasty, and used it to supplement r regular diet.
Then, one ,on his morning visit to the church, Brother
discovered that one of the tallOT/l candles had disappeared from
the altar, the four \-!Ooden cks ,.ere knocked down, the
sanctuary was out, and its glass broken. It turned out
that a \-la.ndering had got into the church, and had eaten the
candle. On jumping on the altar to it, he had smashed the
lamp, which was on little shelf near the alt","r. Brother Mulvihill
vTai ted. for the dog on the folloving ni nnd. him! History
does not say hOH he him, but that dog d not eat any more
candles, or
In 1873, a church HeB built. It ivas a wooden structv.re
60 x feet. It served until the nel-! stone church was built in
1895.
In 1875, Reverend Father Lacombe, O.M.1., famous for his
relations ,vi th the prai Indians, and the builders of the CPR
came to St-Laurent to a retreat for the ;jubilee year.
The Catholics of Oak Point, joined those of St-Laurent to follmr
the sermons of Ars si-Rarpi, (the :M&'1 of the Good Heart,
the Inman name of Father Lacombe). material side of the
settlement also prospered from this The people of
Oak Point preferred c[ping around the church to home
every night; so the stores of the vi saH their finarlCes soar
as the new arrivals needed more food.
There ,.ere several establishments at St-Laurent by that time.
Mr. chel Chartra'1d had charge of Hudson Bay supply store at
the south end, About a and a half further north was Hr.
Blackwood! s store. It \Vas taken over later on, by Mr, Robert Kerr,
Sr, A,'10ther half-fflile tovTa.rds the north, on the main road
a Mr. Bonnet had 8l1other store. ]lIT. Ernest Trudel bought
this one, and converted part of into Ii -ring He operated
a small cheese in the remainder. His business flourished,
because cheese factory, small as it vms, i-;as a real boon to
the commu.,.'1i ty. \vi th He by the surrounding farmers
Hh0
5
before the s "factory", had to make their own
cut it into pound sell they
- 6 -
could, , Gnd haul the rest to Ihnn That vas a long,
are told about it. hazardous journey, and some fa::rtastic tales
Naturally, the \'lagons i-rere horse-d.ravm, al1d some C8.ses,
by a horse ched up 'ilith an ox. Somet s, In the heat of
the ,on the , t some the Fould be inclined
to lag back on traces, but \,ould be reminded by a
nibble on the should.er by his companlon. to on
On the return journey, the "lagon 'would be laden again, but
to a lesser
everyday living. Large
all the essentials required for
s \7ere the rule, those days, and
not the , and
were bought by the bolt, or the
easy to re the memeers 0
daughters, - the ident
their dresses, Very fevi indeed,
dresses bought
consequence. Dress goods
snd it vas fairly
espe ally the
and material of
ones who had
Hhile farm
, people bought
to VTinnipeg \,ere not
any oftener than '(-ras
returns then,
bulk, as those
to and Here not undert al{:en
:;ary.
'I'he I1road
1l
t() was, In those , only a t
and lms used by everyone, even as far as Lund2.r. It passed
about six east 0f St-Laurent, ond is, even
discernible, fOT long stretches
1
- three grooves on the prairie
ridges, parallel 1irrth Glleh other;che center one made by the
horse, or the ox, e.s the case might be" &'1d the tim outer ones,
by the "Theels of the cart, and a north-east or
south-vrest direction, vay the traveller "las
A story told, about h;o settle:cs f
1
lrther n8rth of St-
Laurent, who started out ei the::: StonevialJ, or , ]_n
mid-vTinter. One sle \,78,S loaded hay, and the other with
oak cord l.;rQod, to be made charcoal 0 Both loads "ere to be
sold to t.he meagre
they met snmrstorrn.
and compelled the men to take
story says that, Fhen the stOTE bIe\[
return home, because the four hO}:'ses
and they had burned the loe.d ivood
death!
of the farmers 0 On the way,
It the trail,
1"hereve:c they couldo The
tse1:f Oelt, had to
eaten -ehe load of hay,
from freezing to
il.l1otl1er
brother to
J_S told about
to sell farm
f2:xmer, who w'ent his
go aDd t"\-lO days to
to the i-rag on , but; on
could hear thevTolves
them!
"
7 -
It ook t'i10 days to
on the ground, close
the ,
vToods on both sides of
1881
Be sides Nr. Trudel's cheese factory, Mr. Desrocher had a
small meat shop opposit@ to Vrr. Trudel1s est
Arms Company milled a red-colored
which I,ras r'if:r. Kerr (Robert Sr.).
~ 1 r Blackwoodts store. The shed stood a track north
of the C.N.R. station. 'Ihe shed burned dmill, and after the
, the was sold, FUld the nev! O"H11er had moved to
a spot south of' EI'iksdale, and ,vest 0:[ No. 6 Highimy.
In 1881, the 11e.Ditcba Govermnent erected
of St-Laurent, sepe,rating from i,1oodlands.
there yTere not many TI/hi te people in the
the Municipality
At this ti.me,
, the maj ori ty
being or In 1888, an hman moved in from
Hoodlands, and opened a store.
who later became Justice of the Peace.
opponent of Brother Mulvihill for the
He ',ras 111'. Alfred Hep\.J'Orth ~
He became the greatest
ity. The story of their tical tussels
of the Munici"pal-
related in the article
on the Muni Affairs.
Tne Parish was , <,uld the second church "I-ras also
becoming t:)o small; so it ,ms decided that a st l' one
iras But .. , as usual.. ,{here \>I'ere the funds to come
from? The Oblate authorized Brother Mulvihill, to go
to Chicago, I-Ihere and numerous friends to
try to c01lect some money for the church. Brother
his position as Reeve, favor of r-1r. J. Devlin, and
left the in the fall. He was alva,V for ali'l1ost hio years.
During his absence, Mr. Devlin, anc then Mr. J.\:exandre
DeLaronde held t.he Brother returned in the
of 1894, having had a very successful t Thanks to his
generous efforts, the ,-ras able to consider for the
neyT church.
One of the Oblate Brothers, Brother de , 11as an
architect. He \ras called ,and he dreYJ up plans for a building
96 x 44 feet, for the church, and for a'J.other one, 24 feet SQuare,
for the sty. last construct on the same
as Father 1estanc! s Ii ttle that ched 1858.
The decided to build their ne;;'1 church stone. It
1-TaS very diffi cult, and to haul ylood from , and
there were stones for the t allover the The men
of the to Father I s call for help, Fl.nd
their ,,;agons, \lOrk in the fall of 1892,
a11d ston,':'s that season, &'1d the They did
the S8Jne during the t"i-10 seasons of the r:.ext year. They were
ed by Brothers Mulvihill, 1eGaJ.l and LeGac, Father
Camper not far awa,y. The stones "Jere hauled with t,VO yoke of
oxen. Some of the boulders '(vere so , that it took ght men
to slide one onto a bobsleigh. The men to cast about for a
method to break the stones. It. was thought that no could
- 8 -
&'1.d nei' tools EUld the vlork ruld t
necessary Hould be too ; so they
hi t upon an ingeni OUf3 method that "ms cheap, end very success fu.l.
\oTould set as 8. ruld a around it.
After all hour or so, the boulder split open and became easy to
handle, Many of these stones T,Tere shed off chisels and
used for corner stones.
They also wanted Btone for the arches of the church, as
vell as for the rounds of vlinc.Oifs alld doors. Bricks were out of
the Question as they vTere too There vas a limestone
Quarry at Posen, but the mine was not opened at that time. After
some inquiry, \'7as found out that there Ttras 1 on the
r,:llss property, northe.'ist of the Mr. Atkinson was
sent to have a look 8..t i and returned with a very favorable
The stone vras not too far from the surface, so it "ms
up and brought to the site of the building. More stan:: ,fas
found on the of the la1{e, three miles from St-Laurent, from
ioThich four door sills were cut, and one slab, \-Thich measured six
feet inches, \Tas found in the park in front of the church.
So they had enough stone for all their needs including lime.
Some of the stone ivas used for the out de t ,and made
an agreeable contrast to the As stone was ha"fldled
at $2. a cord, commercially, the parish saved a considerable
amount of money.
In the midst of the , one night 12th of May,
1894) a fic hurricane swept the village during the
For two hours , and furious tore through the
village, awakening the inhabit811ts and frightening everybody.
Here moved from their aces, 8.nd shingled roofs
mmy. Fa rt un ately, the const ruct ion was not damaged, and work
"Tent on as usual, the next day.
On JUDe 27, 189
1
+ l?ascaJ:": came to St-Laurent to bless
the corner stone of the new church. The stone was blessed Rt
3:00 P.M., on that Sunday, and the bottle it contained
the date of blessing, the n(;!Jlle of the Queen, the Pope, the Bi
and clergy
I-lork went on, and in spite Df the diffi , the church
1-TaS ready for opening. It was not finished inside. In fact, lack
of funds the to I-lark before much IoTas done
on the interior. HO'vrcver, it T,ras needed for as the
other church was much tot) small. So, of its being
bare, the cial Has set for June 20, 1895. Bishop
newly named Archbishop of St-Boniface CalUf, to bless the
building. He had acct)mpanied Bishop PascRl, of Pnnce Albert,
\-Then the latter came to bless the corner stone, the pre
year, a"fld now, as leader of the cese, it \-[I'lS his task
to open the nev7
The church
the st ! shouse I-ras
- 9 -
,fell. Hhen
of 1898;
the fathers 1,err> In the school, a house could be
built for them. The
and for a few months
the church on "leek days,
serv:; as school as \vell as
church. This not last
B-n.d sacrl Ive:t'e returned
, however, and soon the church
r -proper use,
Li ttle Ii ttle, as
church ,.,as furnished. Father
Ca.''nper as Pastor, and Mr.
Iv'1Y Ri ch ard for much of
of the
the .'11 tar,
....TOod c on
the crenellated
turrets on each
fine ,job on the
outer aXld tl,pper
side of the alt
, 8.3 also for the ature
of t11e
did a very
the church. The
1-Talls of the nave and the ceiling I,ere in blue and
The 1-1aIls "Tere 8,lso d ",ith a colored de
,,,ere the pillars. '1'116 St-Laurc.'nt church 'las noted, in the
Interlake as one of the most be auti ful in the area.
as
Father Peran had acquired a beautiful bell.
steeple at the , a 'wooden belfr;)r was built.
feet , arid stood, just outside of, and on the
As there ,fas no
It was ti>lelve
north-east
corner of the It. has not been find the
date of the christ the bell, but ion bears
the date: 1898. It reads a.8 follows:
St-Laurent, 1898
Maria, ,Jos a, a
Sonet vox tua auribus nostris
Vox tua clulcis. (Cant.)
McShane Bell F'ounclry.r, BaH , Maryland
At christen ,the bell
Mr. and Mrs 0; Cuthbert Ducharme
sponsors,
Ernest Trudel
John Connelly
the construction of the church l{aS on, other
important events occurred in St-Laurent. One of these Has the
erection of the of In
1881, I-Then it ,ms of Hoodlands. At the
there ,,,ere not in the , most of
the people 1888, ['t..n Englishman from
Hoodlands (1) moved In St-Laurent. He was a very enterprising
gentleman, and on 0 he opened another st0re. He took
quite a'1 st , and vrhen the elections
Cfuue aroQl1d, he for the
'I'his happened several t L'11eS; bU!; the Brother al'vmys ,fOn the
pos lon.
1, Error: Mr. h3.d lived a-: Lake Francis for two years
before conung to St-Laurent.
- 10 -
'The population was grmving, how'ever, a'1d the school, like
the church soon became too small. Tb,ere had been a need felt;
in the 811, for se"'reral :y-ears, for a cOlTi_"f11ll..Ylity of
to look after the school; and to help In the
The lack of means to
t to obtain nuns. of the
obstacles in the vray, in Rome made arrange-
ments the Foundress General of the Franc caD
.tvIissionaries of , to have a group sent to St-Laurent the
year.
THE ARRIVAL OF THE FRAHCISCJ\j'T MISSION.ARIES OF Ml'tRY
1896-97-
There was st no conv;;nt to receive the nuns, and no funds
to build one; but the Bishop. seconded by Fathel' Ca..'1lper, con-
sidered the good of the people aDd trusted in God for the rest,
As usual, the 1'1aster took a hand. 1m added
was the attitude of the Manitoba Government, ,{ho, Slnce the
passing of the Act of 1890, refused al aid to
c schools.
rrrue to her promise, Mother of the Passion sent of
her daughters to Manitoba, in the fall of 1897. They landed at ()
City, where the first convent of the "ras located, 1
and after a fel" rest, they undertook the long trip to the
then, "postage-stamp!! ceo The C.P.R. was as good to them
as could be expected but the nuns found the "reek. of travel
In the me Bishop
doing their best to prov-ide for
hesitated to leave a
House, to face
Father Call1per were
"rho had not
in their tv10ther
Canadian I'lest.
Grace called on Brother Mulvihill, the traditional
"fli.11d-raiser
rl
, to u;o on another 'begging tour. Brother, as usual,
accepted this charge, and left St-Laurent, on October 20, and
returned on the 20th of July the year. He i-lent to his
friends Chicago, who proved themselves. once, more, very good
to the mission. Brother returned "ri th a Good of the Sli.'11
The Sisters on September 3rd., at , and were
received Kith open arms by the Si.sters of St-Boniface.
}'ather Camper ,rent to meet them, and brought them to their future
home.
They came by t to Reyburn. les from St-Laurent.
The names of the Sisters of that first group were: Mother H.
Alphonse, Superior, M.M. de Tous les , F .. ssistant, Mother
i>1. Reparata, M.M. Stella, Sister M. iilenceslas, the Sister M.
Syrophorose. lUI I'Tere from Quebec.
1- in canada
-ll-
vJhen from the "Tere met by a
number of St -Lrmrent., Hl s and on horseback,
off salutes who escorted them to the t1ission, (iAnd
from from t il11e to time. It \-TI1S customl1ry for
the but when the Sisters sm" them,
n2Y'''"vOllS for t?k at The es
not
became more nel'VOUS than. tIle nuns! T11e
that the 111mG feared 'H'as that the
rid. of their s on the
Before at the proJ?cr, at a 8.nce of
about seven miles from the iviissj on, vTer'2 l1'.et many more
people also in ;rehicles and Otl and also carryinfs
Imd then , "Tere fired more fre-
quently, cy and volume, until the Mission
was reached. It took three hours for the little cavalcade to
travel from Raebu::r1'l! to St-Laurent, and that "ms
record
had been , arl.d arc112s er(::cted,
lniles frC)Il1 tbe missioIl, on the road and espe In the
HELCOi'l'iI5 and YOU ARE Iv""ELCOME could be read In
letters on the arches. fluttered from the houses al1Ci
ant s iv-ere not
cs.
On at the 0 they all went to the c:hurch) ,,;here
Gnd Be'1ec1ict of the Blessed Sacrament given,
for the safe val of the Sisters, and to asl{ C-od t s
ble on vrorl<:: in the Parish. 'I'he themsel ves i.,rere
overvrhelme;d. had never d such a. i.Jelcome ,wuld be
extended to them. It VS',C <:1- r future labors at
St-Laurent> It "[;,,,6 also a greerl; for the Parish. had
long "T&"lted the sters, and i-Tere very to have them
a'}':' lc1.st ..
The nuns v,ere there, but vrD<:::re vras the convent?
built: \fc.ere '\VOllJd the sters li vo in the me
It l.,as not
? In
form beds, and. sonG
1112LttY'esses"
They:::: ,\.JEtS no other
had to
As the
kn01'Ts \>Tho has tried it 5 one C:PJ'l very \;ell on strm.;r. '.1:'11e
to
of the Horlo, Son of Ch,jd, had no other bed ,.,hen he \-Tas born
'l'here Ilas also ct. st case, of 8. sort, J.e to
the "[8.5 ce of ladder and in mounting it, the
nuns he,d to t,c , lest one or the other of the "steps 11
in s
- J.2 -
Father Cilmper \'lE,S very 'J.l1comf'ortable, IThen he sa,; the
sters v 2l1ation! lie df:::C that? cost \rh,stt
he would, by hook or by eroo].::, do about
have the funds that had been collected by Brother
for the building of the convent, so he took some of them to
maJ;;:e the more Ii v8.ble . He to put in
second r,':1fters in the kitchen-garret, ace betlveen
the 2nd the rafters, vi th mud , then lathe
and the r:',q,fters 5 a.fter \rhich the ,.,Thole wa.s clapp-boarded.
All cost money, Emd llip..de a hole In the convent funds, but it
was neeessar:y, and Patller d.icl not it"
There \'[8.8 also a coY':'red st8.ircase in October, from
the porch betvreen the p.:.'esbytcry and the tchen (
the BchClol from the Fatlwrs r house)
in the pl'esbytery, so ti12.t
not have to face the \yinter cold, This
, and destined, with the
not to last :Longo
A bread-ov'en was also built out de "Thieh into the
kitchen, and 8, brick chim ... "le;y- led from oven to the of the
chen roof.
A farm of 203 a,erGS fldjoining the 7vjiss on the
north, lot.s 22 and 23; Has bought for the sters that they
could have a park, hay and fuel conveniently near the convent.
cost .00; [11so t from the money collected.
The SlX Sistors, ho'ving too much to do, asked for
and re ved 4 more Sisters from Quebec. at
St-Laurent on December 20th, 1897. v(,re: Mother
In
and Sr.
, Siste:c M. Vener:mde, Sl'. , Sr. Bernard.
bro "11ore Sisters came: Mother
carne on February 28th, and ,
Mother 1\1. Tous les , Sister M. Venerrulde and Sister Bernard
left for c.
On , Hiss. I'hrie Lacombe, of Rat Portage,
entered the convent at St-Laurent. She took the habit on
,1 ,t the M. fmd also
s. Veronique , d8xlghter of Norl\ert and
, entered as a ]Jostula'lt on Dece!!lber
She later becaIfle Sr. f'ol. She died the
1960's.
'rhe the school four da.ys after
that on 8th, \rith 8.l1 attendance of about 100. (1)
They also looked 3,fter the sacristy of the churcl1, the chen of
the Fathers and the church linen. They taught vi
the sick, p",l1d any other task three C[JJ1l0 r -vlay or that the
Fathers asked them to do :E'or the Good of the people.
L The I Journe,l Eotes at this date: !!32 boys 2nd
.. 13
II
NOTE: It ,'Tas the Siste!'s that looked. after the a'.lthor of the
journal from Hhich mcLCh of thc:se article are te};:en, i.e,
Brother his J.ast illness and at the hour of
his death. 1.8 11 O.t '\,rOYK, the
the
, (1973)
very much the se,me ,mr1\: that
" .. )
O.lG years of
their residence 3t-Laurent.
In 1898, on the 2 of, the es' re ce
c8.ught It ,..ras 1'8t noticed about 1,:00 P.M. Father
ChaU:'!lont had COT'le
He went back, after
the
the a.Ie,I'm
, v;chen he noticed the flames.
and took the Blessed
Sacrament to the church. tel' l..ras in prayer lJefore the
Monstrance, at the Father took the Gi barium from the
tabernacle, but did not notice the Monstrance. resol
1
Ted to
stay there, so [,s not to le8.Y(,; the Blessed Se.crament, (Ivhich vTas
also in the t.J:onstrELl1ce) alone. Father ,laS and going,
carrying out "rhat he one of his trips he noticed,
the d.oor, that th(2re, he called to her:
!fGet out! The hOUSE; She very to the
Monst ranee" S , (she di
chapel ! ) Father ivent to the alt ar toolt the Monstrance and
carried it out" follmled him; her done, she
it iH1.S time to look out for herself!
'rhey to save the linen, the and the
doc1..Lments, but that I-laS all" There "ie:re hmrever, some amus:mg
incidents. One of the \.;as asked Brother Dr. Byle,
to carry Ii of clothing out of She looked at him,
and said: lIHell, I'll ask Mother on
ll

The Brother's anSVlel' convinced her that she had better take the
!, fe'lI minutes later, Father Chaumont, owner of a
beautiful, bushy beard, was also t to save some
February
alone st ay out
at ,000.00.
those
spare to
$500.001
the sters smelled smoke c=.ose to her. She
and You are burn ing! 11
be aut i fu1 beard! Flames caught the roof of the
and Gauthier up) fwd succeeded
!md remember, thi::; vTaS February!
1;ho has been to St-Laurent in a
, knmrs "lhat it me2DS de, let
to Tlms estima.ted
a poor
r the
one, in
that did not have a cent to
True, had. had insurance of ...
Nmr "That? ., There -;>l[iS, not no convent for the
but the shelter had had the chen I,ras no more.
and the Fathe 1's themselves had no home! O,lly the school VTas
intact. So, the Fathers installed themselves
and the Sisters the the bo
upstairs. School vas held , vrherever
found. Hml but
1'8,
the
a place could be
did!
1902
1904
HOI-rever this could not go on, 2Ed Father Carnper began to of
re-building. to say! But vThere I-raS the money to come from?
Because of the diffi hunber out tc the
it ,<ras decided to
easi ly had, fro)1l the pr1urle, the l?ke, a distance of
not more than three les. But even then, some lumber ,{as needed!
It took more than thl"t to daunt Father Camper! So, Brother
vras called on again to U.p , these ,.;ere sent to
the Bishop, \vho approved them, but repeatedly vlarned the builders
to Hkeep out of debt".
After many ups and dovms, - mostly downs, the buildings
l-lere finally rebuilt. (for interest det on work,
consult Brother Journal). On Novomber 23rd,
the Fathers I vJaS reA.dy) a'1d iras blessed by His Grace.
Bishop Langevin. 'I'he Sisters took possession of the kitchen
whi le ai-Tai ting convent. A room in the att ic of the
presbytery was given to them, temporarily, to the children.
Brother adds = IlThis I'TaS to be temporary; but when the
nuns get a hold of such If Then, as though to
remark he adds immec1i "The are very devoted
to the Nis , they have charge of the
chen, the presbytery and the church linen It ,
In 1902,R. Father becPJIle Pastor at St-Laurent. In
that year also, the convent for the sters, I,ras
built. The aCcOlmt of this is told the article on the
schools. Also in 1902, H. Father Peran, vlent to France, and on
his return, he brought several Breton s to St-Laurent.
Th.en in 1907, Mr. Fran s Calvez, who hp.,d come 1-lith a group of
a few years earlier, returned to bring out his vife and
five sons, and also the of some of the other men.
At that , C8..'11e: !'J!rs. <Tean and her four children,
Mrs. F. Yves Abgrall, v6.th t1W children; Mrs. J -Fran<;;ois )
,'li th four children:; and her 69 year old mother, and others. fllso
four young men: Combat, brother of Frangois Goulven
a..Yld Yves Ollivier. L112 of aUf;: of tl1.ese farnilies,
.r-fiss. Pauline , became IvIrs. Boutal, vTho has become faT!1ous
1fJestern Canada, as Director of the Dramatic ClUb; "Le Cercle
Moliere II of St -Boni face. other families came to St-Laurent
from Brittany, notably These and
descendaYlts f0rID of the population today.
Early or settlers coming to St-Laurent, had to get
there by a round-about "Tay. The (C. P. R.) C8.lJl0 as 'ar as
J'a-ebum and the rest of the ,iourney, (thirty miles) had to be
travelled by "ragon or buggy. was not alirays pleas aYlt, "rhen
it rained, as in Manitoba; or summer when the
mosquitos come in legions to welcome (?) itors. So,l.,hen,
1904, the C.IJ. R. de to extend its tracks to Point
- 15 -
1911
the event was almost exultation. After that date,
one could travel comfort to the , do one I s shopping or
visi ting 'vi thout the prospect 0 f an annoying home.
Trains le:::t St-Laurent at 8 :20 A.M., and returned at 4: 00
P.M., first, t\ri ce a week, and later, every ,for many years.
Tnen a bus servi ce ,-Tas begun, so that travellers mi get to
the city earlier, and , as the bus made the return
trip at 5:00 P.M. arriving at St-Laurent at 7:00 P.M. Many
had their mm automobile s, as ti!lle ",ent on, 8...Yld
the tre.in was used less pnd less. Finally, the Compa.'lY stopped,
first, the passenger ce, and later fre service, in
anything but heavy 1972, three passenger buses
stopped at St-Laurent, every day: the Thompson,
and Flin Flon buses. 'Chese also carry freight and parcels.
nro trensfer trucks, Oel\: and St-Laurent, carry heavy
freight.
About 1911 :->r 12, the pe,)ple thought it Ims to build a
steeple on the church, so as to the church bell '-There it
should really be instead of it on l2-foot belfry, where
has been placed "Then the church building was completed. Plans
w'ere drawn up, oncE;: I}gain, 8J)d a ?ne hm:d7'ed
and ten feet , \ 1) "ras const ructe d.. HhLLe "PeS belng bUll1:;,
Mr. Gregoire Ducharme made a cardboard rooster, or the size that
he ghought >;'lOuld be suit 2ble for a \reather-vnne for the steeple.
Father Peran had it modelled out of soft tin, end painted with
aluminu..m by Mr. Richard.
I'men the itself VIas nearly completed, aYld before it
'VT2S fully covered "ri th the metal that encased it, narrm-T,
vertical openings "rere left on one side, as footholds for the
man who "muld mount to its top, to a sphere, about
one foot in diameter, in the center of ch "(.,ras 8, cross. On the
top of the cross, '.Jas the famous weathervane, This feat
was witnessed by hundreds of , ,>7ho had come to see the
real cuL'llination of the t11 at had begun years
before. The Contraetor, 1 .[ho ,vas respons for the magnificent
superstructure, nOl-T clil:lbed up the s of the , by means
of the apertm:es left open for the purpose, the cross and
the weathGrv8,ne. vJhen , he htdted momentarily,
and stood, on one foot, one hundred and ten feet above the
and "raved to the onlookers -belmr. Then he
placed the cross in the center of the , aYld surmounted with
the l"e athervane . Then, almost , he des cended to rejoin
those on the ground, vhere he became the ent of good natured
backslapping and hearty from i-lhoever could approach him.
1. The ,ms 110 feet (,-bove the ground..
1930
1939
The bell rang out then; and for years to come, it ca.lled
the people of the sh to church) :1oralded the b
celebrated their , and tolled deaths, until,
during the fire, in , its support burned, it to
the ground and cracked, Aftel' the re it \.[8,8 again aced
a wooden belfry (1) and later moved to the home of one of the
parishoners. In the SUTIllner of , the bell was placed on
the la-1m at the entra..Dce of the nevi church.
The drought Saskat che'Ian. in the "dirty thirties II, saw
an increase in the population of St-Laurent. Several families
left the Hest, in search of greE:ner pastures.
came to the village, ,.[here the people were glad to welcome them.
Among them, ,{as Mr. George Gratton, 1,<Tho a store
at the north end. After death 195'f, his son, Frangois
continued to serve the c::mmmni ty in the store, aDd in various
other activities, not as organist and Director of singing.
The family of Mr. Perron also came at this
and stayed to become one o:f the successful farmers of the area.
Other fami carne 8,t time but st a short
Horld Ttlar 1 had taken its toll from the Parish. Fe" were
t,he homes that had not a father, brother, husband or son among
the casualties or 1-,he dead.
World 1/1ar 11 also C'3,st its shadmr on St-Laurent. Tne
of Hong claimed more than one vict fr0m the lal\:eside
settlement. The Honour Hall the names of the men 'lho
enlisted and vlho died De found another part of this boole
A Cenotaph, erected 1971, in front of the COlJ'lJnunity CentGr,
is a witness that t.he people have not forgotten those of its sons
who gave l' that ,.e might be free. The monument is the
handiwork of Mr. Paul SpUz.ak. ]\fr. Peter Hebert, a'1d several
local veterans ,.Jere the ini tidors of the pro,ject.
1939, sad as was, also has positive memories for
the village. In September of that year, the High School was
opened. Reverend Father J.B. Methe, O.M.L, Pastor, after many
efforts a..Dd many consultations 8nd negotiations obtained the
necessary authorization from the Manitoba Department of Education;
and he opened a secondary course in the Parish. It "Tas a very
modest beginning; but, like the mustard seed of the Gospel, it
has become a sturdy tree, and many birds rest on s br&::1ches. (2)
1. See the art on the church fi re, 1961.
2. See further on this booklet, article lithe school!!,
1950
In 1939, another cheese factory was opened. major
industry in the had been commercial fi As this ,'las
seasonal, left the men, "\"ho were not farmers, without steady
employment during the surm1l8ro Some hired out to the surrounding
farmers, others "Tent to the ; but was more or less hit-and-
m1.SS employment.
Father consulted the men about this, and since there had
once been a sort of cheese Trudel's store, in 19]0,
it was decided to try that industry
The farmers in a co-op, to set up the factory
purchase machinery. A vlOoden building 80 by 40 feet,
1fas put up on lot 24, and the factory in July 1939. N!r,
Joseph Prairie, from Ste. Anne's was the first cheese maker. He
was assisted by Messrs: Frank Cal vez and Yves Abgrall. The
farmers brought their milk to the factory, had the cheese made, and
sold This industry functioned until 1945, vThen it closed it I S
doors, because the farmers to sign milk-contracts vrith
companies in Hinnipeg. (1)
Sunlight and lamplight had kept the Parish out of darkness
since foundation. lm over the years, Has the
introduction of the .l\laddin Lamp, It vas an improvement over
kerosene, and it certainly gave a better Ii HOi-rever it had
its deficiences.
It f slight \>Tas diffused through hro -very fragile, ,
!1me.ntles If. Fragile they I-rere! - because had to be :put into
position on the ISEp, and then burned to a te ash, before they
could f1.U1ction. At the s shock they crumbled, .smd the
light "Tent out!
Air had to be pU!11ped into the base of the , to mix vnth
the fuel. There vlaS no way to control the flow and it vras nothing
extraordinary, if the vent out.
Many audience at a concert, (He had some lvortlnThile
concerts) many a congregation at church ,-ras plunged into
darkness in the of a ceremony. Nevertheless, ife
learned to Ifgrin and bear it , but the r pump VTas ne-ver far
during any indoor event.
Far be from me to
Lamp: It ser-ved its purpose ivell,
and ve l'rere verY ful for the
1. Information furnished by Mr. Joseph
- 18 -
of the lU addin
its draw-backs,
Hovlever, every-one re,joi ced when in the SUJnmer of 1950, the
Parish \Vas for electricity. On August 15, the
flash of ele c lig..ht came over the ,-Tires. It wr.B not yet dark,
outside but everybody found some excuse to Ilturn on the lights!".
Soon telephones "Tere put in, and on antennae made their
appearance. vlhat a comfort for the could ,ratch
their favorite programs, while washing the dishes, or telephone
the latest neviS to more thBl1 a mile a"ray! St-Laurent
had really stepped into the modern ,<[orld!
Another unforgettable event of 1950, was the tyro weeks
mission given by Fathers Plaisance a ~ d Charbonneau, from Cap-de-
Madeleine. They were l-Ti th the st atue of Our Lady, in
preparation for the an Year of 195
1
t. Our Pastor of that
time, Father Placide Chatelain, a.M.!., had been to the Cape for
his holidays, that su.rnmer. He obtained the great favor of a
visit of the Fathers with the miraculous st atue, for a hro-vieek
period that autu.mn.
The mission was scheduled for November (6th to 20th), a bad
time for the fisherman, because the season usually began
about that t Since the ice had not yet formed on the lake,
Father Plaisance told the men to come to the mission, and leave
the fish to the Mother of God. obeyed, and to the surprise
of everyone, the lal<:.e free of ice, until the Monday
after the Fathers left. Fishing began on November 21st that
year, and the season was successful.
In , several Mennonite came to St-Laurent.
They vrere farmers from Carrot Hague, Saskat chewan,
and Aberdeen; about thirty-five in all. They came to
carry on cattle farming in the area. Among them w'ere the
families of Ben Dyck, J al(e , H'iems. Abram Dyck,
Jake Dyck, Corny Dyck, and John Hiems. Some of these first
families did not stay at St-Laurent. Some moved back to
Saskat chewan, others to Aberdeen, and eIsel-There. NE:vl families
replaced them) so that there are about seventeen families
Ii ving in the Muni at the of l-Tri ting. J\. little
church stands near the on part of section 33-16-4.
Reverend Dueck I-ras the rst in charge, he has been
replaced by Reverend Peter Buhler.
1954, brought the Marian Year, to celebrate the centennial
of the definition of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of
the Mother of God. Father Chatelain, v1ho was still Pastor,
thought that St-Laurent should celebrate fittingly in honor of
her, who had helped us so much 1950. So the people got
ther again. They decided to celebrate a lfMarian Day a 5 on
Slillday, June 13th. The program would can of an open-air
Hass, followed by a kind of pi c-lunch. In the afternnon
there would be a pro of floats cting the various titles
of the Mother of God; l-Thich would be terminated by Benediction
of the Blessed Sacrement.
- 19 --
Everybody got to work. The floats l-Jere to be family
projects, Each one responsible for one of them: Our
of Lourdes, of Fatima, of La Salette, of
the ) etc. The float that was to open the on
,{as that of a There were some ups and d01ms;
but on the 11hole everything 1 the weatherman
took a hDnd! ons "l-Jere de in honor of the
an Year, many of them had to be or inter-
rupted because of bad weather. In St-Laurent, :90ured rain,
almost and, for about t,.;o weeks before the appointed
date. Imen ELl1yone asked Father about the floats, ,.;hether or
not togo ahe ad vri th them, he on
! It
vlell, \<le "kept on going7! the Father had d
that if 'i{erG at ten o! clod:, on the day of the
celebration, he would have the cancellation annolLl1ced on the
French radio station CKSB, for the reason that of the
surrounding missions had asked to take On the preceding
Saturday, the Pastor of Abbeyville, telc0phoned to ask if he
i.;Quld bring down float. Father answ;'red: "Of course II At
ten o! clock on Sunday, the '!'he day had da'lmed
Milton I s Melancholy, tlkerchiefed a comel;{ cloud"; but
preparations had gone on. Then Father '8 "lOn out! At
eleven 0 1 clock, the sun burst through the clouds. a
sun! By d-day, the time set for Mass the day I,ras
and the heat vas fast drying up the So, High r-1ass vras
SlLl1g In triumph; Father Parent gave the sermon, and the fest-
i vi ties vTere on! The road had enough, by three-thirty,
for the on, and the day beautifully, while
poured in the , and In several places around
St-Laurent, Visi tors qualified our ,feather, that day, as a
small II, the more 80, because the rain again the
next day, ,'3nd continued for several aftervrards. The
activities of the day ,rere made into a colored film by one of
the iting Oblate Fathers. This h8,S as a permanent
s of the event,
1961 brought On May 31st of that year, a thunder-
bolt struck the church, at six- fteen P"M., and burned
it to the ground. The bolt struck the elect c wires on the
roof, over the altar. The fire-'ball raced the
over the church, setting to the insulation. It
out through the belfry, and vrent on to the cemetery,
where it ti-10 tall spruce trees, before itself In
the In hours the church VTas reduced to ashes. Into
the holocaust \Vent 9",11 the , In the altar,
the tabernacle, the vestements &'1d sacred vessels; fe-
si ze st atues, that vrere our pri de and joy; the almost nevl
$3,000.00 Hammond organ, and the belfry, [lade of inch square
oak. bear.lJS. The bell, that had heralded the births a..'1d marriages,
and tolled the knell of the for over years was
- 20 -
depri ved of its , fell 2,,"'E1 cracked. The belfry
over, Bnd fell
been the central
foot high rooster,
by one of the
, consuming itself in 1?hat had
church. 'i'he weathervane, a t"l.ro-
the vlal18. It 'Vlas later ta.."k:en
At midnight; all that Has left of our beloved church i{aS
four charred stone \<Talls! It seemed as if a personal loss had
struck each Niany up a stone, a
of bent metal, etc. as Others just
stared si In school, the next day, there \<Tere
not mal1Y J"l of gloom seemed to have
settled on , groups CaL'le to
the ruins, le:::1ce, speaking in 1m? tones,
as if at the death--bed of a dear friend.
A of iwrship had to be found for the next Sunday; so
the Parish hall IoTas G crubbed, and 8,S Emotion
raD SU:'1da,y, ,rhen the
Mass.
far, in the form
of sympathy lw,d come from friends near and
of vestements, linens= and other furnishings,
so that,
little, if
everything had been lost the
ing \,ras sing on the follovring
the many kind acts of our friends at this time, was
that of our SU111lner tourists. collected money enough,
araong themselves) sm2.11 but wooden belfry
built to harbor the church Dell, so that , spite of crack,
rang to cal::" the sl1 to church. Many of these
were not Catholics, but they liked to hear the church bell
over the fields the SUrnl2.er t
Plans for a shortly after the fire.
Various fund were, ma."1Y fts Ylere
sent out, and '\?ithin tifO years ,Tas begun. The task
,ras to throw dmm the walls of the old church. They \,rere solid!
A demolishing Cl'e"c[ broke t'({O steel cables, in the attempt; and
they had to use aeo knoc}: dmm the front wall.
Hovrever, i t done and. buried, at not-too
sU,,11l, thanks to the gon of e. friend of St-Laurent,
'l-rho did the vork for ;;: fee y,men thaYJ. he could have
charged. The men of the Parisll lent ;)lachines and time, El-l1d
before, ,las left heap of stones, which
the people picked out, to use the terrace of the new
church.
Plans ,-lere discussed, argued about, discarded, nevT ones
looked at, until a pla ... l1 ttecl -byt0:r. Etienne Gaboury
was adopted. There had been some heated dis as to 1{here
the new church '-TOula. be located. Some of the parishoners wanted
to be built on the Sffille location as the old one, others
would have a ne'u te. But after vreighing the pros and cons
- 21 --
ded to build on the same spot. It have been a
great
work
to the Pastor, Father Lucien Brassard, \<Then the
begal1,
After some preliminary ons "lere set
and the walls begal1 to , fo110"1>1ed interested
population. In 1963, the stone ,-ras blessed, and on
May 24 , our Bishop (J.ater Cardinal) Flahiff, C,,'1!le
wi th , to bless the nely church 0 The day was splendid,
and the brilliant sunshine seemed trying to do best to add
to the joy of the The solemn ceremony "lith the
Clergy and the people procession around the church,
,,[hile the blessed the exterior. Then, their
Pastor, the people entered I'll church.
and friends ",ith each
The alt a:r, candles, tabernacle, st at
, organ, and even the altar-cloth were
to rame all the gifts al1d the ; but God,
to 1-1hom gave, them all, and, one
gifts one-hundred-fold.
Since opening, our church has Ivi tnessed many beautiful
ceremonies. The Liturgy itself sufficient to lend beauty and
solemnity to any church; but when the Parish is assembled for
Sunday Mass, for a wedding ceremony, or to say farei.,ell to one of
its members; the \'Jhole congre on praying and together,
is an event to be remembered. CORYUmlion, ion,
silver and wedding aries have been celebrated
within v1alls. But one event s special the
ordination to the priesthood of Reverend Father
by His Bishop of The Pas,
Father had grovm up St-Laurent, and gala
occasion 1-1hen his relatives 2nd friends assembled the new church
for his ordin
The old church had vibrated. to the joy of our ordin-
ation, \.;hen Father Domini(lue Kerbrat, son of Mr. and :Mrs.
Kerbrat had received Holy Orders fl'hat IoTaS a
Usually these ceremonies "TGTe performed in the Cathedral of
the diocese; but at the time of Father Kerb rat r S , the
rule had , Gnd Bishop Pocock, our Bishop at thr:ct time, had
allowed him to be ordained in own sh. All hearts be8.t as
one during the two-day celeb
Mission ,November 5 and on the
sang his Mass 0 The church ,.,as
occasions, and lU2XlY eyes Ifer8 1,11 en ,
Orders, Father Domini(lue blessed father Md mother, and
again, l.,hen, the next day, he gave them Holy COll1munion
his first Mass.
The
there,
of the church and the events that took
our story to Let us go back a few
- 22 -
years to 1960.
in St-Laurent.
but the
helped.
"\wrk
and by
dmTn,
been
Home indust r:! 1..ra3 sti 11 the Vl , 9.nd
we were los some 0f our good to the city because
of lack of steady work at home. 1966, it I.;aS decided to
try to find some local ry of some kind. There ,-ras
tial for a sewing were contacted.
ce Sports I'lear consented to open an establishIllent in the
village. Mr. e, recreat ion centre on
lot 14. That seemed a Tne thought
that, 1-las desirable to have a for bingo,
dances and card parties, ,,,ould h::- more to use the
locale for a factory, since it vras available, and build a
recreation centre later on. So, lvIr, Lavallee adapted his
dance hall, and it becR-me the St-Laurent Sport Si.,rear, under nlS
mal1agement. It ,,,i th tlvel ve to fi fteen Iwrkers. At the
time of i.,rriting there are twenty to t"renty-four. The "rork
consists of sport s'\w ar , as the ne.me s, and these are mostly
jackets. The employees are a ,.,rage, that can
augment by yTork, according to the amount of jackets they
mav;:e over and above the number. The jackets are sent
to the city, ['ilid are sold by the ; the output 110 to
130 dozen per week, The factory all year round) and
spends approximately three months ma:k.ing summer vTear, and nine
months on the ,-linter vari.:":-ty. A course in se"\ving ;;.,ras offered
to the ,wrkers, during the of , at the end of
which the successful ca'1didates ,vere aI"arded a diploma in sewing,
1967 dre,,r near. VD1at Iwuld be our project? It was thought
that the Centennial year ,-ras a good to replace Mr. Lavallee's
recreation centre; so we made that our project.
Twenty-two acres of la'1d, on lot ,,,as red, and a small
building was put up. It inLmediately its lwrth, as a locale
for all kinds of It enlarged t,.;ice in five
years, and has hosted , dAnces, banquets,
benefit suppers, bazaars, bingo, meetings of ARDA and FRED, etc.
T.he surrounding grotLnds have four ball football
trap-shooting area, and one for The ,-linter
Carnival I.,raS held there t;;-;ice, and it has been the scene of
more than one successful baseball tournament. A Senior Citizen!s
supper was held there 1971, which several of our
11 were presented with Centennial a\vards. There have
even been concerts in the Centre, among others a reception of the
Choir "Les Gais l'-1ani tohains", from St-Boni face, and the 1972
iuuateur Night.
However, the Recreational Centre i.,ras the or 1967
project in the , it was not the only one. In fact, the
of the Centre \{as by a tree-planting ceremony.
- 23
1970
The al
be planted in 1967; so
of St - Lauren t
Collegiate, Enid
this ceremony;
on had offered a
of the
sent for som.e. One of
"iro t e aD. re st
found on the page
of trees, to
ous organ-
()f the
one.
The pupils of the School also took part in the
ical Fitness program, 'ill1der the direction of Sister Paul-
Alexandre, and. Mr. Ben Kub ch. on 'won
them several awards; i.e. 2 Gold. Crests,
and three red.

Province in
Flag, raised In
our trees "Tere
zon, that of the
re our ne"l al
(accOlmt cd on the next page) aD.d
; the Centre "ras in Nmv ,vhat?
The first 1970 ceremony in St-Laurent, vas up and
Sing!?, which inaugurated our by a re, and
appropri ate he Id in on Cent re . The
ceremony Ivas presided Chartr811d, with mal1Y of our
other Community Leaders cal program allovTed the
signing of the "old
tl
song: "Manitoba, Here "life se to you!!,
sung mal1Y 1i!ho had learned it at school; '::lther numbers in
song and music. ate to the c;casion; and
finally, the As it Iras very that day, the adults
C8Llle after the "lighting cosy comfort
to an orchestra made up of local talent, the children had
a ,rat the flames devour Christmas trees.
Then the ladies of the Community Club served a delicious lunch
to all present.
During the yea.r
'ilinter , the Elernent ary
sisting of almost
wire, very realisti on 811 also
surrounded by Indians :' and
time costumes. The school also 119.d a
and a school dinner, in honour of the
Jroe High School, not ':'0 be outdone by the
held an ,:nce-sculpture contest, the
Centennial cake, decorated th the
, a.l1d 100 candles ('?).
fIt the
con-
mache, and
c "prairie II ,
dressed old-
, a "Talk-a-thon,
!!'I,embers,
fA "Centennial ',ras also held The program
consisted of a on show, which modelled the
national costu.mes of their ancestors. As there I'Jere representatives
of several nat very colorful. Each pupil S8Jlg,
, or danced, or the folklore of the nat
represented. A depi the "Talk of the Fur-
Trader, to T"/fontTeal, In 1818 - to ,>larn
Lord Selkirk of the attacks on the settlement, the North IV-est
Comp811Y, vas e" of the program. The roles
play vTere rendered by tlVO boys Allard and Larry Carriere,
both descendants of
The G2.ee Club was at
Frank Gratton, the choir sang the
and French, 1:Tith ;3. harl'lonizat by Mr.
of 70
11
,
The event I'TaS quite a success, so much so, that the Manitoba
Centennial Cornnission heard about ,and came to parts of
it for television. also invited the ants to attend
the cal Fair at the Civic Auditoriu.rn The
members of the Fashion 8hm;r the invi tat ,aIld for the
occasion, 'irare their national costlLrnes. also brought vrith
them some of the 11.rt '.JOrk that had been done to decorate the
school for the CenteI1Jlial Day. At the end of a very enjoyable
trip, each of the pupils honour certificate of
of
participation in the "\>las to the school.
In August of the year, a Senior Citizens! supper Vias
at the Recreation Centre, as has already- been Among
the gentlemen "\>lho received avrards at the supper ,vas Mr. rrouss
Guiboche, 96 years old. He bad been a for the Hudson Bay
FUr Trading Company. It is told of , that he had two dog
teams. that he used vrhen t from the Post at Posen (Oal,;
Point) to Rabbit Point and back. One team served to go to the
Post aDd the other for the return allowed
Mr. Guiboche to tra.vel without having to take out to rest
dogs. Nothing vr8.S said about rest for the trader!
T'IVO of the teachers of the school \rere also given !3-'Ifards at
this t.ime, Sister Cantin for 37 years of teaching at the
school, and Mercier for 41 ye8.rs.
Then, in November, a Cenot vras unveiled, 1.n front of the
Recreation Centre, to boys of St-Laurent Ifho had given their
lives that VIe mi be free. It yras erected by the members 0 l'
the Metis Federation. It -was built by Mr. Pete Hebert and
i\1r. Spuzak. It ivas uIlveiled on 11, Remembrance Day,
wi th due ceremony, the of wreaths from the
Manitoba Federation.
During the tvlO minutes , the 1!Last Post II
was by the
- 25 -
HONOUR ROLL
IWRLD \>JAR I - II
Enlisted from St-Laurent:
DEAD - 1fTORLD ,\iA-R I
222 men 1 woman
Emile Basinet
j ~ f r e d DeLaronde
Dominique Nabess
Patri cIt Connelly
Robert Hilson
<Toseph Che.rtrand
Telesphore Chartra.'ld
J'oseph Beauchamp
Willi am Chaboyer
Charles Voleon
Maxime Richard
DEAD - ltJORLD WAR II
Baron
Gedeon Chaboyer
Antonin Sioux
Ernest Lavallee
Herve Abgrall
Victor Guiboche
Ovide Klyne
Marcel Chaboyer
Chartrand (Shoal La"k.e)
CENTEJ\TIifIAL TREE PLI'tNTHTG
1,1AY, 1967
On the afternoon of May 16, about
the St-Laurent Collegiate to
Tree-Planting cere:rnony. 'I'l1e
h1.mdred people
students of the tyro Elementary
the Teachers,
Institute,
ives of
the cipality.
The the singing of "0 In English
end French. Futros, C::f1airrnan of our Centennial
, said a few
the ceremony. '1'he
St-Bonaventure, then
she compared the
ifOrds of i,relcome, and cially opened
al of the e, Marie de
to be planted. She
grm" as sturdy and
gave a thought-provoking message, in which
of the schools to the young trees about
the ,-Jish that the students lfOuld
as tbeir trees, both character
and physique.
Three charming peems were then re three equally
girls of the Elementary Schools. 'lnese \-Tere: "Trees",
KilI'ler, recited Suzanne Combot of Grade V;
, said by Colleen BtlOrS, Grade V also, and ",{hat do
I-Then we plEll1t a tree? II by J anine Combat, Grade Vllo
two stUdents are from Simonet School, le Suzanne
a pupil of the St-Laurent Elementary SchooL These
poems \<Tere follovled t,,;ro by the St -Laurent Collegiate
Glee Club under the Sister Paul-Alexandre.
seng: "0 Canada, , Mes Amours II, end liThe Haple
Leaf Shall Reign II. The ,-Tere then blessed by Reverend
Father Brossard, 8nd by Reverend Mr. HenY'J D<leck. Then C8lUe the
1'e , by all the Ass , of the Hpraye1' for the planting
of Trees
ll
, i"hieh vas led napoleon Larle;elier, GrB,de XII,
tlaste1' of Ceremonies and dent of the Collegiate.
Then carne the big monent: 'The ('"ctual
of a march played by I":!r.
groups moved off to the of the lJlanting:
School went back to school to
the pupils of Simonet School and
Ito the tu.ne
the varlOUS
JlJ11eri can Elms on the s:te The Sisters.
at the Convent, and Father Brossard, Pastor, also took in
the ceremony by plant the former six ash trees, and the
latter, t"relve e1.,'1l8 on respective grounds. The Mlmicipality,
not to be left out, trees on the s of the
al sports field.
The ceremony vms
the younger ones,
ff north ,-Tincts to see
and memorable. The students,
eyed and In
Enitl Si
Grade XII
THE MJi.NITOBil_ CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION - ST-h4.URENT COLLEGIATE
The Celebration \'T:::ts held in May 2.970 the
Collegiate Gyrnnasium,
L
2.
The decoration for
the work of the
the Hall,
Is (see
Etnd the were
costumes for the Faspion Sho"I "rere authentic.
to the s of those who
wore them.
3. Is spoke ,or sang parents I native language,
as well as in French
4. Nations
a) The couple to ... Jean Lagimodiere
come to the I'lest (Gerald lUlard)
His "Tife Gaboury
(Sheila Appleyard)
b) Breton ....... , ............ Gabrielle Kerbrat
c) Scotch .. , ........... ,., .... ,Barbara, Ga:ceau
d) Icela.'ldic ........ , .......... Sue Johnson
Valerie Jolmson
e)
f)
an ................... SuI
cTeffrey
g) German Mennonite .........
5. The bro 1-Tho the fur traders in the
Halk
u
are both related to Riel and Je
Lagimodiere as lS also Alex ltllarc., one of -che Butlers ..
6. The play: i7A lTa,lk
l1
, the true story of the Coureur de
8.
9.
(French Fur Trader), ,Je ste , and
S l-ralk of 1700 miles during the w'inter of 1815. He I,rent,
at the of Robe:ctsor'., Governol' of Red River, to
at Montreal.
The script for the play IoTEl.S ,-Tritten Sister Pauline, the
School an.
ate Glee Clu
1
) , one of these
al zed for four voices,
by Mr. Frank Gratton,
Clnlrch.
ist and r master at St-Laurent
The play
j'llr. Don
Collegiate.
Make-up
8h, Miss.
ivIadness II \,)"9.8
, teacher of
composed and directed by
or s11 at the
Khan, teacher of were
!:1o,rlene , teacher of So Studies,
- 27 -
Mrs. Combot and Ivriss, Suzanne Combat of St-Laurent.
The t of ion shmm by- the teachers and the
pupils "Tas 2n no small ,ray responsible for the success of our
al celebration, and "\re Hould to thc"l'1k all those
\'Those time and talent contributed to the success of our
celeb rat ion.
COMl'1UTHTY PROJ-ECTS J\IDnJG ST-LAURENT
ST-LAURENT - A
a much-needed
fishermen
carni that netted iv-ell over
haJ_l under the ha.11lT!".ers of
clasc,es lD sh grammar and
commurn at the of unemployed adu::..ts, free-lihee
of residents repre all the or groups in the
\'Then these ects are going all m:; once, all to
a progTessive cOl:lL.'llwlity, and when take place at St-Laurent
a small but sprawling V2 near the southe ast shore of Lake
, such events have added news value.
"That I s so different about St-Laurent? Like many othcr-
communities of s ze, the spectre of decline hauriteit.
this, more problems nag at the community.
lmemployment , Im'7 incomes and l","ck of education
a majori ty of
harvest
and added to these problems are a declining
lack of good farm land and lack of local government.
Thus, carnivals, corrnnUl1ity halls, p.nd community-vTide meetings
In St-Laurent are nevlS both "ri thin the and beyond.
signifi cant is going on behind the scene.
The something a process called
animation is the label for a
improving group re lat i on s in
team something about
soc animation.
step-by-step
to 'fOrk
It sounds , but fact, it often a SlOlil,
procedure, because must penetrate to the ver'J
behavior to be effective.
So
as a
In
St-Laurent In ,'Testern Cal1ada to
process. It has been used
successfully in Ne\r ck, Quebec a.l1d 2n
the United States.
- 28 -
1967
to
1970
1972
_A.dult UpgradinG in 1967) the sh Hall, "tri th 14
Adult Students. In , the course In Oak w-i th
students. In 1969-70, the Recregt Centre was used as
locale by the Local Arda Beard. to house the Course 0
40 adults atte;:).ded the course ea,ch :rear"
In 1970) Home Econo:mics Courses
Home Nursing and Food on.
Also in 1970, Merribers of
Co-ordinators, and local
all1ent from Ottawa met with
J\RD1\ Boarel Members, at a
supper-meeting to cuss llRDA-I"RED
1970 also Savl the Louis
the Recreation Centre.
entertained by the very
SIOUX DANCER Group.
, many for the first
burgers, and PemmiC8.,.l1.
c held on the of
cnic the
dancers and the
11180, for lunch,
t ,not HN1burgers, but BUFFALO
In , courses were gl ven in Local Government procedure,
Farm-Accounting, Meeting
c to
A representative from the of culture held a
c meeting to out the nei'T tax E'tructure.
On April
successful
All All, from the
that the St-Laurent Be
booklet,
of the
Interlal;:e Pork Producers held a
above , l.S
Centre) has,
,rho are the il1it
evident
as s d before
credit to the
of the ect.
Notef, fu:;.'n.ished by
THE SCHOOL
As early eE 1862, Father Simonet had a small school at
St-Laurent; but it "I-ras in 1870 that a regular school was
begun.
In 1869, a house, x 28 feet, vTaS built for the
Fathers 0 To this was added an extension, 18 x 25 feet separated
from the house by a Thisl-las the first school. It opened
on September 8, 1870. Brother JeremieE Mulvihill, \-Tho had come
to St-Laurent 1867, was the first teacher. The 2.ttendance was
about 25. Brother Mulvihill taught the school for over 21
years. Father McCarthy, vrho was Vicar at the ssion also t2_Ught
for a few months.
In 1875 a new' school house WeE built. The lumber required
had to be brought in from vJinnipeg by way of Shoal Lake, over
roads that were almost sable. As there ,-las no i-lagon at the
settlement, tvro Red River carts w-ere used. These carts, made
wi thout an ch of , but were very Long posts,
more or less even, irere laid across tvro carts, over the wheels,
and this make-shift vehicle vras used to haul the lumber required
for the building. It measured 24 x 30 feet. Brother Mulvihill
says nIt was one-and-a-half high , built &'1d well
finished. II
Another school Iras opened at the south end of the In
1888. This one Was three miles from the St-Laurent School. At
first, there was no schoolhouse. Classes were held private
homes. rst, at the home of Mr. Cockrane, an IrislLrnan, vrho
li ved on lot five, vlest of what is now the village road (1973).
Later, when this house was sold, the school vTaS moved to the home
of Mr. Lachance, on lot three, east of the road, opposite the
present home of Mr. Allard.
In 1890 The Provincial passed an Act of Education,
depriving the Catholics of schools, and placing
all schools under the direct authority of the Government. These
"public schools II \-Jere non-sect an, and religion ,-las not on the
curriculum. The Catholics of the Province, gave them the name of
"godless 11, and refused to send the children to these schools.
J\J3 financial aid '\-Tas only "GO the public schools, those at
St-Laurent were faced vnth monetary problems. However, the
reeve of each municipality had considerable influence obtaining
the municipal grants for each Catholic school, even though such
school did not comply vri th the Public Schools Act.
To finance the schools, a tax of $200.00 per year '1m3
for each one in the municipality, provided it complied
vnth requirements of the Act. There was also a special rate
as required by the School Trustees, on the b<ienty sections
of land surrounding each schooL But if the Public Schools Act
was not fully complied ,the d grants might be refused by
the :Municipal COlLl'lciL
- 30 -
In the 1892, a.l1d the first half of 1893, the GoverrLTJ1ent
refused to the usual to the hro schools then in
at St-Laurent because the Trustees iwuld not accept the
Act of 1890, but the Grants 1,;rere The Government
Grant im3 for the latter six months of 1893, as also for
1894 8nd 1895, though the schools d to function as
always had, that is, as c schools.
THE SISTERS CmiE
'The need of a coy.!'LlTlunity for the
for several years; but &'1y out for
,,;ra.l1t of means to maint them, the schools had
been of government financial aiel. Nevertheless, His
Grace Bishop , a to Rome in 1896, made
arrangements with the Foundr8ss wd Superior General of the
Francis can Missionaries of to send a group of Sisters to the
sian the following year. True to her , Mary of
the sent Six Sisters to St-Laurent the fall of 1897.
They arrived on September 4, and four days later, on September 8,
twa of them, Mother , and Mother Ma.ry Stella, took
of the school at the north end of the settlement. The
journal of the Sisters states that there \>lere 1132 boys cllld
rls II in attendance on that day. Others must have enrolled
before long, because Brother 's Journal says liThe
Sisters teok over the school ,n. th an attendance of 100". Perhaps
there vere 100 to be there, and only 61 showed
up for the first The fact iwuld net be It is
told in the Journal., that one boy ,.;ras late. He came up 5
walking slowly, and ,-Then, at the door, he s of the
white-robed teacher, he turned tail, and fled as fast as s legs
could carry him!
Tl:le
on
October 8.
! ,j ournal also says:
27", 8..:nd the
tithe first lesson was
text books bear the date of
The nuns had no convent, but they lived the c of the
Father's house. There, they had close quarters, but they
still found place to lodge a fe-tv boarding pupils, '1rho too
far from the school to attend they not stay at
the Mi The outs staircase that led to the c, was a
ckety affair, and it "(-ras a bus for the nuns and the
boarders to go up and dOim. At first conditions "rere not too
good, but the Sisters did not mind. However, Father Camper, the
Pastor 1-raS not of the same opinion. In of , he
to make ",ome badly needed alterat , vrhich, if added
to the comfort of the ants, diG. not last long enough to pay
for themselves.
On February 23, SlX months after the arrival of the sters,
disaster struck: a furious blizzard, at four o! clock in
the afternoon, the Father's house ca:u.ght , and in twa hours,
- 31 -
by a cane ,i8S
little vias saved. reglsters, a
vestements and a fe1v articles of
be taken out of the
reduced t.o ashes.
fe'\.J booles, sorne church
, "iaS all t.hat could
the seh':)ol f:!.nd. th.e churc11 escaped
that had been saved ,va3 carried t the s'chool. The Fathers
were installed dmmst There was not much furniture, but
there -"Tere benches and hoxes. These served as tables, and
even beds of a sort, - a place to lie dNm on, ill1y\iay.
The school it be remembered, was
stories high ". Now the -story!! came in handy. The ,
1<lho \"ere now eleven, and tho seven boarders, took up their abode
that area. Hm-l they managed, God only knmls, but they did!
They bunk-beds for the children, ,-rho had
time climbing in and out of them. The nuns put
one the other on the floor, at
of the just
ll
A table, in one corner of
was called the "refectory and recreation
other det Is are given. The l'
saying \-Tere closer theJ1 sardines ".
, and
the 24 x 30 foot area,
room II, and so on. No
sums up conditions by
As for classes, they '\>Tere held wherever a could be
fotmd, but on the jvlonday the school equipment I-ras
taken to the of the church, 8...'11 classes VTere held
there. There \-rere 100 pupils, divided into three
classes. The sacristy Ifas smaller than the school, and had only
one story! The teachers \fere to b ,alld, as one of the
Sisters wrote: ,vas ,-rorse th,m the confusion of tongues at
Babel!" Moreover, every Saturday, the school benches, etc. had to
be moved, and the room in crder so as to serve its true purpose
for Sunday. Then, on Monday, st arted allover
This could not go on for The Fathers called on the people
to togeth8r to gather material for the of a new
house for the Fathers, and ,,,ork got in March. On Sunday,
March 13, the desks al1d benches \Tere into the church, and on
Monday, classes began there.
Ac to one of the Senior Citizens of the , Mr.
Ludovic Chart raDd, there vere the three classes in the church,
one in the southwest corner, one In the nortlnrest , and one
in the northeast coyner. a, Stella ana Renee, i-Tere
the teachers. l' thaD the sacristy, "ras
easier to teach w-ithout disturbing oneTs too much. But
there were other drawbacks. It was cold remember
that the fire took place in !) There ,vere tl"O wood-burning
stoves the church; and the Sisters I ournal says lI'l'hey did
duty to their utmost! II But, in of efforts, they
could not heat a stone structure x feet, to make
comfortable. So the 1wre shalds and coats, crm"ded around
the two stoves, and shiv'ered 8Ify'i.ray. The teachers to "grin
and bear it"; but had to ,>Talk up and Claim, each In her own
area, to their feet from
Mearp;.;rhile, the Parishoners got to t the
building Brother , and construct ion
It ,fas decided to in stone, as there 1fas an abundance
of them in the area, and after the usucl ups end downs, the build-
ing "lent up. It ,,73,S on the of November, ten months
after the On that day, the Fathers e:'1tered nei>1
presbytery, the Sisters and. the Boarders took posses of the
c, and the school ,.;as once more J,n its o'lm building.
a..'1.d, classes were resumed in
after , the Arc"lbi ) visited the
Parish, and assisted, with the Pastor the Brothers, ex an oral
examination held in the schooL The Prelate iv-as satis
the progress of the
he sent the teachers several
school.
FINANCIAL TROUBLES:
The school Trustees, as has been
Grants for the term of January to
On return to St-Boniface,
of books to be used in the
, obt ained the Government
allQioTed $2
1
tL 80; three rates l>1ere allovled, as
three schools. 'rhe rate for half a ye ar ,'TaS
T'ne teachers \rere
if there had been
.00.
Notwithstanding the Government wn 1891, to any
school not a c school, the Council at St-Laurent
always paid the cipal Grant to the -(:.,.,70 schools there yet,
this Ivas contrary to the Public Schools Act. On two or three
occas , the Councillors from Shoal (this school was in the
Municipality of St-Laurent) fought 'che of
these grants; but as the Councillors were tvlO for Shoal Lake, and
two for St-Laurent; "Then voted. two two) the Reeve had
the deciding vote. As the Reeve (Brother Mulvihill) 'vas from
St-Laurent, the vote 112.de it a vote for the payment.
It Has s at the that the Brother Wf:iS a hard case to beat.
But Brother asserted that he ,,;anted justice for the Sisters, whose
salary as teachers vTaS the sale means of subs , since the
"las too poor to pay them.
In the fall of 1897, the Trustees sed th'2 three teachers,
$300.00, provided the Municipal C(1)ncil ,.;oul(i pay it. r::'h "TaS
done. For ma'1Y years, teachers f S Here a serious problem
at St-Laurent. The reason being the lm1 assessment of the
and the many vrho not pay r taxes 2 should have.
Fortunately, improved of late years. One of the
dra,.rbacks of this lVas the fact that the teachers not be paid a
8uffi teachers could not be attracted to the
schools. In spite of this St-Laurent has he,d a fine Group of
teachers "Tho have done 8. very good job of tes.chinG the youth of
the Village, and, since the creation of the Division, those of
the surrounding villages I{ho come to St-Laurent SchooL
The first registers of the school, as a public school, date
from September 1897. The Trustees for that year Here: Messrs.
Francis Viard, Secretar'J-treasurer; Lq;urent Atkinson; Patrice
Chartrand.
The school buildinG built in 1875 served until 1902. In
that year, a larger building Has put up, to be used as a school and
also as a convent for the Sisters. It W8.S used as such, lmtil in
1907 or 1908, "Then another 2nd larger school ,-TaS lmilt, south of
the other, a.'1d attached to it. This building (noH 1973, - the Louis
Riel Industrial Park) is a three-story stone structure, with a
basement. At the beginning, it housed three classrooms, teaching
pupils from Grades I to VIII. The other building had been given
over entirely to the Sisters, and all the pupils ,.Jere housed in
the nev building, including the Boarders. These, at one time
numbered 26. The top story was their dormitory, while their
diningroom and recreation hall I-TaS in the basement. During those
years some pupils came to the St-Laurent School from the surround-
ing villages, even though this ,-TaS in pre-os chool eli vision days.
Some came from Oak Point, others from Ashern, and even a fevl from
IYinnipeg.
In eddition to the academic subjects, music and singing "lere
taught, also some cool\:ing end sel'ling to the girls, "Thile the boys
did ,wodworking under the direction of Mr. cTos-Da.l1iel Coutu.
Later, even Sister Pauline took a hand in teaching the boys to
handle and use simple tools.
Concerts I{ere given once a year, usually in the spring
as the fishing season vas "rell on by then and people had money
to spend. These vere usually for tb;e benefit of the Parish. At
the entert ainments, tbree-2,ct plays put on, three-part songs
were sung in French and in English, Piano duets and single-hand
pieces were played. These save Motber Beredina is pupils a cbance
to show their musical talent.
At one of these concerts, during a sl\:etch called "The Little
Chinmeysweep ff, one of the boys put a little too much vigor in a
quid\: turn, and his "looden clog flew off, SHung out over tbe edge
of the st age, and landed at the feet of tbe Archbishop (Langevin)
I>[ho Iras seated in tbe front rovr of tbe audience! After the first
moment of stunned silence, the Pastor, Father Peran, saved tbe
situation by a burst of laughter.
This concert bad beer:. given to celebrate a ne1'l school building.
The feature of the evening was a Breton play: ilLes Chaussons de
la Duchesse JI,nne it Most of the actors vere Bretons, but not all
of them. The costumes "rere authentic, and bad been made by tbe
Breton ladies of the , among "(.;ras the Mother of
la's. who is nOll of the Cercle
of
vas sub.j set. that had a of
honour in the school. the t that "rere Ilon for
acti vi ty, are two mre,rded by the Strathcona Trust. These
axe still the school One of these ,vas recommended
Hall-Jones, for the best all-round cal
Inspect or8..t e ,It dated 1926. The other, won ln
Inspector
class
1931, was reconunende dby c'tor D.S. Hoods, later Dean of
at th3 University of ME'illitoba) for outst work
Thus the years passed, the school populaticn ased,
until, from a school of t"i-TO or three cl8Ssrooms, it gre'lf to ten
classes in the s c11001 buildinG, and three the Parish hall,
and a teachHlg staff of fifteen.
Ma..ny
education
lons of St-Laurent
in closed :its
to the
bene ted by the
doors to the ,
8xld Industrial Park.
SIMONET SC11:00L
During s tirne, the simonet School at the south end of
St-Laurent, ,.ras a success of educating the young people
dmm there, Imen s school first opened in 1888, it vlaS
considered a branch of the St-Laurent School, and its teacher
an a..nt. In 1895, a school ctl.;ras set up
there, and the school became independent. It vras the name
"Simonet" honor of the first priest at St-Laurent,
Father Laurent Simonet,
Mr. Hermas Chartrp,l1d was the first teacher qt the south schooL
others, the n8111eS of s. Guillemette Goulet, PJld Miss.
Boucher are mentioned as having t at in the
days.
A small schoolhouse had been , prob vThen the school
district was set up. It consisted of t"\-iO classrooms, l:1l1d ,'TaS
on lot 3, near the Lachance I s home. It
served for many years, but, as the case, it became too
small and the <mthori t to look for means to enlarge
About
operat In the to close dovm.
It had been housed in d building, x 80 feet.
For several years bef0re hlctd been under the
authori t
J
r of R..11 Offi cial. Trustee, 1fh(J at that t "\q'as 0 It.
MacdonEll J. IvIr. Macdont:!..ld looked at the , and after due
considerat ,purchased i't. It \f8.S moved to the south, and
attached to the old schooL That made a three-room school.
vl:hen the Sisters had come to the , they took
over the school at the nc::,th, and a fei>1 years later of them
took of Simonet s They t there for several
years, 1 lack of personnel th,,"m to leave the school.
teachers took over, &'1d the good vT01'k LAter,
the taught there 3.gain, some t s just rs, &"1d
'\rith secular helpers. It 1-TOuld be too to name
all the; very teachers who Iwrked at SilnOl1et, But the pupils
t knm>1 them and are grateful to those 1-iho gave them the
education that enabled them to get a good start
Some years later, tho ElemE:nt aI',), Grade s from the south clJJD.e
up to the St-Laurent SchOO:L, 81"1(1 the Grades '...rent
This "rent on, until, after the ne'>1 School
was , these gredes were transferred to the nei-' school,
and, sad to say, the schooJ_ C4t the south was closed. It
sad, I think, to ha.ve to abandon or close a
where so much good has been done. Hovlever had
an honorable retreat. t1i'. Hector former
Ambassador to more than European country,
had moved to Elie, Manitoba, I1here he used
home. It is still in use today, that former
s as pass it, often remerk: of that viaS
once our school".
THE HIGH SCHOOL
In 1939, u..nder the impetus of our Pastor, Reverend Father
J.B. , O.M.L, a High School Course vias added the the
St-Laurent Schoo1. It VTaS a very modest
of one classroom and ten pupils. The IIfounding
School were: Irene Lavallee, Pierrette Boucher
Bruce, and her brother vlillia..m, Edmond
Rose Coutu &"1.d Rene Heyser. The tea,eher vms
Mother &'1.d the Principal of the ",hole school was
Mother Dunstan.
one room became three rooms, '>1hen the
conYent, and their home ,-las turned over to the
of two regular classrooms, a half-
from one of them. '!'his last was the
lab! !1 It is true, experiments ,>1ere done
in there! of its size may be had from the fact that when
the table feet) vias placed in the centre of the room, there
was just space left to allmr the six pupils and the teacher
to stand around it.
that lab! One day, during a lesson mold
vrhich v,ere very good, had to be on
classroom, because the lab was too small.
1. Insert
- 36 -
Is si near the tray, \<TeTe not
very vere loa[;h to give the reason for
r \'ihen the went over to
she was met ... ri tIl all odor that ;'TP,S not att ar of roses! The
had succeeded very 1vell!
Another , the class set up a
bell rang before the on of the
, and as the
, the set was
left in the I,rall-socket. After re ere at i orl
History class, end the ;:;'2t 'vms Not for
ever. A:Ll at once in beg&'1 to the
,<TaS the
long, hov/-
shed
silence of the c1ass, it apped a series of dots end
lasted a fe,'r seconds, The class dashed over i. 0
nothing more happened. One of the girls s 0.
dashes that
but
only lmderstood the period! II
The Grade XII class was even more f! The three p'upils
of that Grade XII: Cecilia , Paul Chartrand and Victor
Ab , eRch had a desk, placed close together, and the teacher
had a table, front of the far-end desk. Hhen a ca1Tte
(the r, for ) he, or the te acher, had to stand
the doorl"a,y there I'Jas just not room in the class .
. 4nother classroom vTaS added 1958, "Then the Is from
and Gracefield school (Lske Fra.11cis) came to St-Laurent 5 but even
then quarters were
ion lias the result of the ding
of the ZIDd the closing of the small
rural schools. One of for St-Laurent, i-1a8 the
de on to SchooL
The new building was begun the of It ,ms
8i tuated on the de of the llage road, opposite the
sters! convent. In of that year, the old High School
ml to the new bui HOI-leVer, due to ous circumstances,
such as a bri the school \;as not finished; so for
a fev days, all be done \Vas to the Is home "rark
and send them heme. rrhe desks had not :::,11 come, cmd for the rst
week there ,{as ne vrater. HOi.rever, by October, vIe ,{ere pretty "rell
installed as to Is I but the teachers still 0. not
have desks. Someone has said that are ahTays cul t !
Little by , 3l1d classes got
'rhe nGH schoo::.. C0l1Si:3t,,,d. at' SlX classrooms, a small
, a lab, a 8. staff room and the Prin-
The (.:;nrollment 100. Pupils
came from OeE. Point, Lake Fran se, as '\1'ell as from
St-LEmrent. , and the wheels beg8Jl to
turn. 'tie Alas, for our hopes!
Before tvo years it beca.'TI.e evident that the school
lvaS too smaJ.l. the t 1.rent back to the
board. However, "ras 1969 before it was possible to enlarge the
schaal. In that year, the torium l"as ms,de t,'TO classrooms,
end a urn and t"i.JO other classrooms ,{ere added to the south
- 37 -
end of the building. About , also, School ,,/8,S
closed, and the pupils of the Junior I-lho had been
to that school, C3Y!le up to the To accomodate
them
9
t1W mobile clpBsrooms "';-rere added, at the south end
of the building. brought attendance up to about
At this time the Lab and the i-rere
At the time the school pc.ssed to the control of the I-lhite
Horse Plain School on, the Tru.stees for St-Laurent were:
Mr. Napoleon Dumont al1d Mr. AJrien Chartrand. These in"re later
by jl/r. James D,<;,'Y, and he in turn ceded his to
Ivir. Patrick still in ce in 1974.
THE NEI{ ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
During this time, the ElementaF,f School, in the old building
opposite the church, 1-ras some very good work the
younger children of the from Grades I to VIII,
attended there for several years, then the ,Junior High Grades ,-rent
to Simonet and then to the ate, as has been
, the children in Grades I to VI, continued to attend the
sc'hooL Hm-rever, it 1-TaS not before too found
quarters a tight Also, the three-story , ,.,ith its
back al1d front stairs, al1d it other l! corners II 1-TaS not considered
s8,fe for such a school pupulation - ab':Jut 250 plJ_p:ils, 8.nd
a teaching staff of fteen - so, in 1970. it was decided to
build a nev Elementary- SchooL Once CDJile the at ions :
What to build? '{lhere to build? Hm, much to et c, etc.
At last, after much discus on, the Scboo1 Board plans
submi tted by Mr. E Gaboury, famous for his moc1ern-t:,rr>e buildings,
and construction began.
The nei.,T school "Tas built close to the Collegiate, on the west
side, and connected to it by a corridor. It is 8 rectangular
bui , 150 x 110 feet. It YThat is called a "semi-open area";
that is, the classrooms, tvrelve of them, t"lO of which are double,
are around the exterior yTalls (but on the interior, of
course!) so that each classroom has three \ralls, the fourth side
being open. There a Resource i:r. the central open
s:pace. area, of feet, is the school library,
serving all to hlelve.
Be it remarked that th8 Resource Center, is a very ce
library 1-lith over 3000 books and a good of s. It
is well-lighted B..l1d taste decorated -- but: ... the
school is open-area, there a pronounced Hsound track to the
film" so that silent study is about impossible. On the other
hand, study in this area a wonderful in self-
discipline. Any pupil trained to study in the St-Laurent School
Library, Ttlill never have any trouble concent , no matter to
what noise he or she ected. It is too bad that this area
- 38 -
could not be reserved for the use of.' the school and the
School rary inst alled in anotl:cer rooE1, such as a
classroom, so that both groups could as much as
by the advantages that the school could then offer.
The school 18 from vial:" to wall, ",ith a
furni t ure if" 81so colorful, and the
desks a chance to move arou..nd Fhen wa'1t to work
groups. four !learner!! classes are closed ,so that any
teacher viho w-ants to do so, may t ~ e a class to the classes;
the activities are on there. On the
ation, while far from the ideal, livable, and
the does not- seem. to mind too much.
The new school was opened to
1970; but as the buildinG "raS not completely ,
was posT;poned to December 20. Several VIPs
ifere
Mr. George
School
at the ceremony: I,ll'. Lorenzo ,
Be , Superintendent of the I'mite Horse
the (--1embers of the Board of Trustees;
Reverend Father
parents of the
~ Pastor; Eeverend Peter Buhler; the
aDd several other
Of' course, the
those present were several
that had that year ll1
were largely represented,
pupi:s of the ne,-,
the ne" school.
After the of several nmnbers
1'12 ations, and ate speeches by the
the was cut Bruce, the
and
Kindergarten) "ho had reached his fifth bi a fe"
class
before. A lunch ,-las served to the guests, In the nelv Resource
Centre.
One that nobody thought of, ceremony
was over ,,,as that the nel-7 school had been one
hundred years, for day, after Brother IvIul vihil1, O. M. L had
opened the school in St-Laurent, that is on 8,
1870. zers of the day's acti , must have breathed
a sigh when this was disc10sec.; because, of the
vTor]\: ent the 0 cial opening of' a nev school, it ,-ras
compared to that vlhich iwuld have had to be done to
celebrate a al;
In 19
for thes classes
by teachers and
al Arts c:ass l l i ~ d one Home
School section. Pupils had gone
, and some good vorl\. vTas done there
Howf:ver, a bus accident ch occurred
in the , In eh the dxi ver and several
l"ere the desire for the
continue the subject. This
it vIaS decided to
the St -Laurent schooL
- 39 -
t
led to much
set up the courses 1n
'E'iE SCHOOL IN 1974
At the of TtTri t ) the St-Laurent School has hIo
ons, the Elementary Section and the School Se The
school population is about four hUlIdre and the te staff
has members) the cipal, and the tuo
ce-Principals s one for each section. It is best to
educat;e the children of 8t-L8.urent, and the
of Oak and
Both sections of the school are active "Reading, ing and
c
l1
are, of course in the of honor, 'fith
the nu.11lerous branches and cations that have been added to
the prograrn of From the 101\1"e1: Grades to Grade XII,
graduation is a gosl, even if is rather nebulous to the
ones.
Literary pursuits are encouraged. 'The Elementary Section
a school paper, 11 A Hhole School a Book if, three
times a year. The booklet of nei'7S articles of the
in the school, many of vlhich are by the Is
themselves. There are contests, for which prizes are given,
jokes and riddles, and other spicy items thc";!TIselves
in the schaal routine. The children call it liThe Free
Press, II and ,.]"hen the day of publi draHs near, they A.re
often heard to fLsk: the Free Press out ?"
The School s talents and prepares a Year Book
l\1"here events, cal, photographs and other inter-
esting material mal\:e up 5. souvenir for the year's
Graduates, and for Sl1y other "l-7ho buy..., the book.
usually sell for $3.00 and about one hundred books are sold.
Sports are a
Soccer, Floor
and High School sections,
feature of the year.
rmd I ce Hockey, both in
teach the pupils
Track and
Basketball,
the Elementary
, SlId
them
competitions, at the local,
enable them to measure
and provincial levels,
capa.city that of their peers.
The school has been enrclled the ,Junior Reel Cross, and
the Red Cross Youth, since 1940. The eldest certi cate of
that is still in the school states: This to
certify that the St-Laurent School has been enrolled in the
Junior Red Cross for or more It is dated 1I0ctober 19,
1946
tl
Branch names have have been the
same. Christmas boxes, , and gifts in
money have been sent to he over years.
Miss , formerly called !!The Holy Childhood", lS a
religious sponsored ation that collects pennies from the
younger children, and sends them to the d of other
- )+0 -
the \vorld.
little-and not so li
bring to less
has been contributed by the
of the school, eXld sent almy to
f()rtunate far
Participation Art Contests, N[::tional Exhibit (such as
that of Toro;to), al'1d tions have
a of
The Centennial year of Cmada and added to our
list. These ons have been dealt with elsevrhere
booklet, and 'Ive '!Till not repeat them here. The list could go
on and on; but has been said to sted readers e.
good idea of what is on ck ,ralls of the
St-Laurent School.
A special mention should be made here, of Parents! Day.
may not be exactly a pupil But the Staff it a
very importal1t of our program. These Parents! Days are held
three times a year. value to the school 0 vIe
al1t in the
_lind the teachers are very ful
to the parents ,rho come to these evenings to 'calk over i:'" subject
as important to the future of our ty as the training of
our young people.
1899
In 1878, yTaS incorporated cipali ty al1d
the rst meeting of the Council was held in In
this Municipality ,.Jere included; St-Laurent 2.u1d Oak , together
,orith tmmships 16 and 17, range lJ ,vest, end D.Iso tmmship 16
ranges 2 and, 3 vest of Shoal Lake, eh limits nmr, the
Municipality of St-Laurent (1895).
Mr, Cherles Howard of Lake Francis
limi ts during tlW years, at the Council
but he could do ve ry on behalf
the aforesaid
111 vloodlands;
Councillors opposed to him. Hence, on many
five
CaS1011S he had only
to bow his head to de
1nen the lal1ds HerE' highly assessed, and the revenue from
St-Laurent was spent in Hoodlands tmTards improving their roads.
Though Nfl'. HOI,rard ,vas 'well , still he \Vas unable to
obt justice for his i,;rard,
As matters went on thus for two years the of St-Laurent
that Ims absolutely necessary for the:n to tal';:e steps
to see if they could. not, J.n some '..fay, obtain J ce.
In March, 1881, they
then 111 session, to form a
41 -
al Government,
at St-Lf:mrent, I'li th the
following limits:
settlements of St -Laurent
\rrote his Journal thes0 ilere
Hunicipali ty). In 1974, the ts are:
2, 3, h; and the west half of
(St-Laurent ce) .
s of the
I.:md 17,
2
The peti on vms , M::m.ber for
St-Laurent, &'1d supported , Member of the
Norquay Goverrnnent. It ioTaS , and the Municipality of'
St-Laurent incorporated on March ,188L The first
of , ioTas held on January 17, 1882, and
the first the 21st of the same month.
Besides the s, there vTere only b.;o or three
people at St-Laurent at that After the ition had been
passed, and the Muni ty , matters seemed a
shade better for St-Laurent. It now became necessary to elect
a reeve and a cou.n.cil. The from \'Joodla..'1ds vlere not at all
pleased ,rith the results of the petition. They \>Iere mostly
, a.'1d they laughed at the idea of the tiMet II running a
Mu.nicipali ty. made 8. mista1;;:e; a:.rld they aCLmi tted it later on.
In November 1881, a meeting ,o[as called at St -Laurent, to
ele ct the Municipal C01J ..D.ciL Brother Mul vihi11, the school
teacher, ioTaS to attend, and he vTaS unanimously proposed
as Reeve. The Brother the for confidence,
but de the position, because of occupations.
He knew that the people had neither the education or the experience
necessary in Municipal Affairs, that they "IoTOuld need to cope Inth
the numerous tasks involved, and that mest of the work "\oJould fall
on shoulders. He Iras not afraid of work, but lacked the t
necessary tc the "\wrk. Hmrever, the people, "107110 kne,r that he iiTaS
the person most for the position, sent a requisition to
the request him to approve the nomination of the
Brother as Reeve. Bishop Tache, knevT the , and appreciated
their cult s. He therefore told the Brother that it 'iT as
best for the crnlcerned, that he Brother Mulvihill
complied vi th the order 0f Superior, and he vlas elected by
acclaxnation, in DeCember The Councillors elected at the
S-L"I1e time i,;ere: Daniel Ghartrand, Je8 ..n-Moise
Ducharme, Damase B:wer, (son), and Laverdure,
As has already been mentioned, the
on January , vli thOilt cent on he.r::cl
However, during the swnmer, the
$400.00 from the al Government,
Municipali ties. The Government then
t1r. Norquay, and it Has always ,.;ell
Considerable improvements 1.;ere
first ioTaS held
to commence business.
received a gra..'1t of
as '..las customary for all
pOirer was that of
to"\olards St-Laurent.
first year, on the lic high-we,y bet,.;een
Point. The Council gave ary notes
out, even during the
the sian and Oak
to the contractors,
payable December of the same year, when the taxes 'ivere
supposed to have been paid. rEhese notes Ivere handed over to the
Hudson Bay Company) ,<rho had a store at Oak Point. and the con-
tractors received in lieu thereof. The of the
notes '.fas made as ed. After this, the COlLncil had sufficient
funds to pay irmnediately for all 'Torle
It seems that the Brother gave satis fact to the rate
paye1's, as he was re-elected by accl&l1ation during the first
years of the existence of the cipality.
Other improvements had been out during this ~
not only on the public , as hRS been said, but also from
that road to the la1<;.e, at the north and south ends of the old
settlement; and also, from the gh"lvay, in an direction,
one mile to the rear of the parish lots. rrhis Vlas done at both
ends of the settlement, as .. TeL.. as one at the rear of the lots,
to connect both roads; all seven-and-a-half of
good road, miles of vrhi eh vTaS through a
thick bush. was not only a good road, but a good fire-
break as I'Jell, and this was as, against the ever-
threat of busb fires.
In 1888, an , n.'1 ... 111ed Alfred Hepvrorth, at
St-Laurent, and opened a gene;'al store. He succeeded very well,
~ d obt considerable trade from the miss He seems to
have won for the reputat of being a trouble-maker.
As storekeeper, he allOwed many
a fact ch gave rable on the
bought from him.
He did not n;pprove of the cipal Council, judging it as
too much !I ChUrch 11 influen ce. (The Reeve, Brother
Mulvihill, ,vas a , a member of the Oblates of Mary
Immaculate) . Furthermor(;;, he thought that the Church should
have n uhatever to de w'i th civil , that the Clergy
had too much influence , etc., and that such a
should be shaken off, by any gent So, in
December 1889, he opposed Brother Mulvihill, for the Reeveship.
A derable amount of ::"iquor was distributed to the electors)
to have come from Mr.
The Brother would have preferred not to run, not because
he f2ared !vIr. Hepvlorth, but that Ivrll..nicipal \rork did not appeal
to him. But the people asl:ed inunediate , Father
Camper, the Pastor, to use his ce to h9.ve the Brother
oppose Mr. He];nwrth. knew that the latter was more
in his mm welfexe than in that of the people. Brother
ran for ce, and defeded his opponent, much to the latter's
astonishment. Vat ing \Vas open, and not by ballot. A number of
friends of Mr. voted for , but he lv-as convinced that
had the vote been by ballot, he "\vould have won. the
- 1+3 -
course o'fthat,
that hen forth,
The Municip9..lity was also ) in that year,
that of Posen, vlhich i:forth of St-Lartrent, and contained, at
, three t s more terri tory, part of
,vhich ,ras unoccupied. Hm{ever, there was a Protestant
vote there, ch [.fr. Hep'Vrorth relied on, in case of a contest
between himself end the Brother or anyone else - so that (as he
thought) - election be . certain. There was now only one
councillor for St-Laurent, because of the ion, one for
Shoal L81<.::e and t,'TO for Posen. Again came the ion as to
vrhether the Council for iwuld Catholic or Protestant.
The School Act 1890 had already been ,and deprived
the Catholics of their schools.
In November 1890, three candidates for the Reeveship i-rere
the early, each ',:me sure of victory: Messrs. Hepworth,
Ray and Clark, three Protestants. All three opposed Catholic
schools, or at least schools. ltD ant question to
all three of them ,vas: will Brother Mulvihill run? It ioTas not
cert whether he vould do so or not, because of an important
lawsuit in ch he had been involved the year. A
complete accoQut of this is in the Brother's Journal.
The incid.ent referred to, a demarlde, by u....'1authorizedpersons,
that the Brother, then of the school, produce
the boob; for 'E!1is he refused to do, and he vTaS
called to court on the , .. 1-;hich he l'lOn. Hep'\wrth did
he could to him, even trying tc produce documents
against but refusing to face him public.
all this) shop
advisable that the Brother run for
would decide by vote,
lawsuit. So there were four
d.ed that '\olOuld be
, &"ld thus, the
of the
The
canvas sing Ivent on :1'0::.' three 'Vreek s. . . The candidates
a.l1d their had a large district to cover, but they did
not a single voter, no matter hOvr hard was to find him.
After some time, one of the candidates, NIr. Clark, ret from
the contest favor of Mr. It appeared that the latter
had arranged that, not ,(<Tould he hold the Municipal meetings
at Clark's but the latter ,wuld also obt a posit
Many of the Protestants said that if the Brother had not been a
Catholic, they IYQuld have supported h
opponents. It Ivas a pity, they
Church.
in preference to his
that he belonged to that
In of , many of them supported him. ]vIr. Tom Seaman,
not only voted in favor, but 'Ivorked his behalf. Polling
day came, 8..nd, when the results were made known, it ,vas found
that the Brother had vlOn the elect ion by one vote more tha.l1 his
opponents, Ray and Hepi'lOrth r.tr. Sea'1lan, who lived
Posen, became Clerk, and Mr. from St-Laurent was made
Treasurer the nevI COlL'1 eil.
At the end of 1891, the Brother al1d Clark (who had retired
the preceding year), "rere for Reeveship. The Brother
was elected by a majority. The Shoal Lalce did
not Clark a vat,;:,
Late was sent to the by the
people of to have the former Municipality
restored. Tnis was granted. At the end of the:c year, also,
Brother Mulvihill his position as Reeve, and left the
Municipality for Chicago, Fhere he collected funds for the build-
ing of a new church St--Laurcmt. Messrs 0 Dan Devlin and
Alfred Hepiwrth were nominated to re;place him. The contest was
close, but Mr. was elected '111e follmdng year he was
re-elected by acclamation.
At the end of tva years, there vms a Mimi debt of
the MLmi Mr. Devlin not to be
blamed for misfortune, as he h","d a great dee.l to contend
with his Among other things that worked
against , was the fact that one of , the Govern-
ment did not the St-Laureht School, so that the whole
burden fell on the
Brother Mulvihill returned to the settlement on December 3rd,
1893. At about this time, the people begcm to see that their
financial situation "ras not of the best, and that they \.rere on the
verge of bankruptc;'{, for some reason that they could not fathom.
At the end of the year, the people again asked the Vicar of the
Mission, Father C&'nper, and Father (later Bishop) Langevin, to
consent to the Brotherrs his cal1didature for the
Reeveship. They consented, to the chagrin of our friend Hep'ivorth,
1vho declared that he vonld do all -,-n his paver to prevent an
election by acclaillatii)n,
In December" the Brother and Hennas Chartra..l1d were nominated.
Because of numerous friends and s in the Parish, and
in Shoal Lake, Mr. Chartrand was a :C'ormidable opponent, but this
did not prevent the Brother from
PJld
the thirteenth
1896, a Nfuni
88;"1 the Bl'other's mandate rene,red. 1896 was
year of s At the beginning of
The audit shovred that
balance of ,800.00.
-vTaS made by a Mr. Paradis of st-Boniface.
the \>las free from debt and had a
In the fall of 1896, Alexandre DeLaronde was nominated
as candidate for Reeve He had been clerk and treasurer of
the Council during the previous year. He "I-ras a very intelligent
Met ,\>lho had been broug.."'1t up in the sion, and who had been
a brilliant student in the cal course at St-Boniface
College, ded by the
Mr. Hepworth opposed M:r. DeLaronde, of course, but the
latter ,.Jon just the S8111e. Councillors for that year were:
Messrs. L. Atkinson. ctor Coutu of St-Laurent; Miller and
Langlois of Shoal La.k:.e. lifrr, DeLaronde f s administration '.Jas
not too satis He left the M1Jnicipe,lity at the end of
1897 (October) for !:vlossy Ri7er Vihere he to teach
school.
As the Coun the administration
of Municipal Affairs, they asked Brother to attend the
meetings of the CounciL 'I'he Asse3sJ.:12T't Roll Ims fou.l1d to be in
a bad state, so that it "TaS to a rate of
taxation for the year. At the October Council meeting, the ,rhole
role vias gone over, 8nd an error of several hundred dollars Has
found. The men worked all night at the task, and finished at
fi ve a f clock in the At s point Councillor MiJler
walked around the table. and tapped Brother lviul vihill on the
shoulder, saying: If You must be our Reeve for next year!!!
Here, we see the main reason Brother, and Oblate
Religious, was so mixed up in civil There Ivas pract-
ically no one else, at that time, KDO !1f'"d tl1e education and the
experience necessary for the positiol':'.. DeLa:ronde had been
Clerk and Treasurer, and as \'re saCT E"eve; but when he left there
l.as no one but the Brother, It uas not 8,1'1 easy task for him, as
he did not have only that to cl0. But he gladly accepted the
additional work, as he knevr this vTaS Clecessary for the good of
the he had come to StLclm'c::J.t to serve,
SCHOOLS liND SCtWOL QIJES'?I:ONS
The Act of pa..ssedy e;lv;:: cial Government in
1890, deprived the Catholics of their :cepara.te schools, and, as
'\ve have seen, obliged to attend, uhat these people
called "godless ones
l1
, L'1at is" sc:hcolf: ',There Religious
teaching was not on the culvn, Catholics believe that this
subject is just as as the Rs!1, because, if the
Hwhole" ld to be ther.. soul must be educated
also, Hence r cbjcctio::1 to e:y Lchool eh does not take
this into aCCOlli"'1t" l\.fte:c the nassi::/7, of the fl.ct, Government
grants were not ta school ,.ho (Jid not conform to its
provisions.
A tax of $200.00 }:,,:;r year d for each school,
and a specia.l tax:, as req1lired the schnol Trustees, was also
levied on the t"l:enty se of lr.:.nd surrounded the school.
But when the school not comply with the Educat Act, this
special grant could be refused the school the Municipality.
Ho,vever the Reeve of had considerable influence
on the paying or not of For the year 1892 and the
half of 1893 the Govemment refused to pay the general
gra.'1t to the tlW schools then In operation in St-Laurent, but
.. 46 _.
the Municipal grant "\-laS given, The schools continued to function
as had done, i. e. as Catholi c Schools; a.."tld spite of
, the the latter six months of 1893 and for 1894
and 1895 were
In September, , the school Trustees ed the three
Sisters, who "rere then teaching the school September 8,
three hundred dollars provided the Municipality ,wuld pay it.
was done. TIle Government grctIlt IoTas also paid for the fall
term of 1897, fu'ld the term of Three rates lv-ere
allowed ( .00), as if there had been three schools; the rate
for one-half year $65,00.
Not"lithst the Government opposition, since 1890, to
schools not conforming to the Act, the cipality had al"\vays
the Muni gr&'1"cs to the tva schools at St-Laurent.
As this ,.,as contrary to the Act, it not that there
,.,ras stiff opposition to this :from the Shoal Lake Councillors.
To the advantage of the -village, the Councillors 1.;ere two
tiW: tvTO from Shoa::.. Lake and two from St-Laurent;
therefore, the Reeve had the As he ,ras from
St-Laurent, the vote end.ed being llage.
On these occasions, as on many others, was that
"M:ulvihill ilas a hard case to beat". Tne Brother isted that
all he "ranted l.,ras ce, espe for the "rho
taught in the s chool and ':Those salaries \-Tere their only means of
In the fall of , the nuns were gi-ven $100.00
the Archbishop to help out their Then, February,
1898, "Then re destroyed the Fathers f home, the Mother Superior
showed her gratitude by giving .00 to them, hard as it must
have been for her to the money.
cipt'l.l In February, 1898, the
schools as usual, and on
protested to the Government.
occaslon,
They ,rere
"ras done.
to reimburse the
,muld see about it.
St-Laurent Councillors
pockets, but the failed.
vTaS given to the
the Shoal La%e councillors
told that the authorities
tried to force the
amount from their mill
In the fall of 1898, the Trustees asked for the of
$200.00 plus a special rate of $100,00. A considerable part of
this was collected, but not the whole amount, ovling to the fact
that some non-permanent residents, and a fel-T others did not pay
their taxes. vihen taxes ,-rere not d, the lEJXld in arrears was
offered for sale, but if there no purchaser. the COll..l1cil
buys it, in ch case it became a 1 ,because .00
had to be to the Land ce at Posen, in order to obt ain
the title.
In spite of ups a.."tld dmIDs, St-Laurent an autonomous
cipali ty with s mm Reeve and Council until 1929. On
J?J.1Uary 2 of that year, the last Muni eledion was held.
The Officers elected i'Tere: Reeve, Mr. H.H. Connelly;
- 47 -
Councillors: Messrs. Fred Anderson, Ludovic G:.l'1artrand, Angus
Pritchard, Colliou, and John Emms.
In June of the year, the fina.l1ces of the Municipality
\.;ere on the de , a.l1d a !vIr. Hunter from the Public
utili ty Board to look over the books. The result ,.;as that
St-Laurent passed to the ty of the 30ard, w"i th H1L.'1ter
as first Administrator.
This state of 1's went on until 1973) ,,'hen a local
Advisory Board viaS elected by the people, to aid the Admin-
istrator. This was a happy move. If the area's financial
situation did not allm.; it to be completely autonomous, the
people could nm! have at least some say in the administration
of their mm affairs.
The first Council elected in St-Laurent in 1881, was
composed of: Reeve Brother Jeremias Mulvihill, O.M.1..
elected by acclamation; Councillors: Messrs. David Devlin,
Pierre Chartrand, Jean-Moise Ducharme, Boyer, Pierre
Chaboyer (Sr.), and ?ierre Laverdure.
The last Council of 1929 has been further back. The
first Advisory Board, elected in 1973, had the following members:
Administrator, continuing in Office, Mr. Len Conrad; elected
Advisors: Messrs. Abe Giesbrecht. Hillie Dumont, Leo Boyer.
John Dyck and Alvin Ramsay.
a new municipal hall was opened. It situated
on of the vi.llage road, south of the nelr cemetery.
It is a vihite-painted, neat-looking building. It houses
the Administrator's Office (in 1974: Mr. Len Conrad) that of
the Rural Development Officer (Mr. Hillie Dumont) and the ne"rly
organized Credit Union.
The Credit Union, is an effort, on the of the Louis
Riel Metis Park authorities to establish a savings-fund in the
village. They are to be encouraged in this effort. _As the
income of the people grmrs, some institution is needed to act
as a savings-bank. The Credit Union is the answer. Its Board
of Directors is as follows: Messrs. John D'Jck, President;
.Mike Shpsk, Vi dent; Gedeon , Jea.l1 Chartrand,
and Willie Directors; and :Mrs. Cyrille Secretary.
The Senior Citizens of the parish had turn in benefitting
from its modern developments. In , they to form the
Laurentian Club. Father Lemoine, Pastor, graciously allowed them
the use of the Parish Hall, "There meet once a vreek to play
bingo, cards, etc. and to spend a happy afternoon together. Once
a month they a s evening for the benefit of the Parish.
- 48 -
Birthdays of members are celebrated a spe al )
and a lu..nch, during ch the member is presented "lith a birthday
caJ.-;:e, and '3, ft of a sum of money collected by the other members,
wi th whi eh he or she may that they really '\>Tant
or need.
At its fm.Ll1ding, there "rere 25 members in the club. In 1974,
there were The dent l'frrs. Ernest
Gaudry and the first secretary
ladies are still in Office.
These tim
from "Nouveaux Hori zons tl ,
a government-est Ottmra, for the benefit
of senior zens. of $7,000.00 ivas obt on the
recommendation of the Centre Culturel of face. The money
was used to renovate the hall, to install running if2.ter, and
ki tchen facilities on the , also to purchase recreational
equipment. Excursions may also be zed for club members, A
course in ceramics, art, and handicrafts has been organized. A
teacher comes in once ever:! hro i-reeks to give lessons, and the
members may continue the "\wrk in The present
teacher Sister Francine of St-Laurent,
"Tho now st oned in
A beautiful modern lding is also being built, for anyone,
or couple of them vrho wish to there, The house is on the
llage road, the IFlke, but on the east side, and almost
opposite the school. Its central location facilitate the
tenants t in the s oci a1 fe of the parish. The church,
the post Office, and the stores are close, ~ i l l d even the Recreation
Centre is not too far aimy. There are 20 suites in the building,
12 and doubles, although the are
enough for ti-rO also, The house is built t'l>iO pa.rts, 1vith
a glass-walled lounge - hall them,
The j dea for the home Cfu"11e from the lac ~ Federat ion,
and are to be on the prc.\ject. It ,laS financed
by the Manit ob e. and ReneiVal Corporation. Mr. iLK. Penner
& Sons, from Blum.cnort, Manitoba has the contract, and is Hell on
the way to finishing the e ct for the date set for the
end of June.
The If Ci t i zeus 1 II home m?;! "(,.Je 11 be the 1:3.st project to be
completed In 1974; but there are others One of these, the
arena, ,vill probably shortly.
And so it goes. St-L[-;>,urent ,las, and for the
priests of the surrounding sions. Fa"11ilies
but somehmf they seem to come back, some
to it; but they come. There is s about St-Laurent that
attracts and holds. Those vrho back, and those
who cannot come bac..k, speak As for
St-Laurent being ready
passed. Today, is very
one often hears from its
St-Laurent 11.
the map, that time has
up and doing, which
to come back to
':':'he first chapel at Saint Laurent
built 8
why
Note: The ele lS tra.'1s1ated from the French account
wri tten for Reverend Bousquet 1935 rili chel Chartrand.
THE BUILDIHG
During the of 1857-58, Eeverend Father Lestane, OjV'L[
came to
.L
the !4etis l, lies ,\.110 on the lakeshore.
In ,'Thatever spare time he had left after te
and the rest of his "Tork he , a.'1d
tree-trunks, that he intended to use in building a li ttle chapel.
He had them ta.1{.en to an area that, after the suryeyors had
marked it, was designated as No. A little south of the home
of Mrs. J.B. Boudreau, on the 1.;ra,y to the Iwods that still exists.
The first rect was fini I{hen Father Lestane! s Superiors
sent him the order to leave \wrk, end proceed to Saint Norbert,
\.,here he "lms to open a for Oblate ?ostula.'1ts.
At the end of August, Father GIiS con, came to
Father Lest anc. He 1ms not yet Oblate, but he entered the
Community In There ,-,ere not lies near that
si te when Father GIiS con ca.me, a.'1d, as many asked him to
move the 1 closer to ,-There Ii ved, and for other reasons
,,,.hich vre will discuss later, he had the square to ces,
and transported to a site ,-Jest of the rOt'vd on the 12
of lend south of lot No. land m-med today ( ) by
,Joseph .4l1ard. He '\-rork on the at the beginning
of September ,d th the help I{ho lived close by.
He the front of the north, end covered the
th coarse grass held earth, '1'11e spaces between
the logs ,.;rere filled Iii th clay, as l-lC1S the custom in those days.
The chapel measured 30 20 feet,
As the of the I-ras begun in the autumn, Father
Gascon did not have tillle to a residence before the
,,,.inter set in. He vas given hospit by Michel Ci.'1artrand,
but he ,-ranted to leave there, f,nd have 11 ::nm house; so he divided
the building into two s) one much smaller th9n the other. The
larger one l\faS to be the , and the his room. In
spite of its S1TIr>.ll size, was hig enough to aecomodate
the people who car:le to church. l,'ather Gascon left for the
Oblate j\Tovi tiate Jvlarch on "Jas added to the
- 50
/
chapel, at the
Father? s
\,i thout having
south end)" A door betvreen the chapel end the
to go from one room to the other,
to go de.
Both rooms vTere heated by Hudson Bay stoves. These stoves
vrere very , because they could be dismantled
, and thus
carts.
known if
d not take up much space in the canoes or the Red
They had the name II Caron II on both s , but it not
this '.Jas the name of the stove, or of the manufacturer.
In both rooms of the , the floor vras made of plan..l-;:s
sawed by the of the settlement. There were several home-
made benches in the chapel. On Sundays and feast days, these were
in the cent 1'e of the , and on week days they stood
along the \vall. The Has !]lade of planks, lUore or less '.Jell
pla.n;d, and nailed together with square-nails'cut on the premises,
as was also the local custom.
The vlindo1fs acquired an air of luxury when Elisabeth Pangman
(of whom we will speak later on) made muslin curtains for them.
On the Hall, Father had hung a picture Catechism, vThich he
used to teach the Idren.:::t shOHed a V'i.vid picture of Hell
with an abundance of red flames) and of Heaven, angel-heads,
and some very saints. Of course Father aught in
French because that ,vas the only language he spoke then. 1flhen he
left for the novitiate he was beginning to speak Saulteau...x very
",ell, and he learned Mont Hhen he vlent to the northern
sions. It is s d. that he it quite lvell when he
returned to St-Laurent in 1880.
It "ras a problem to keep the
the Hudson Bay stoves had to be
from freezing in the house as vlell
always damp, and there was frost
Ie thatched house "rarm, and
burning to keep
as in the chapel. The I,ralls ioI'ere
,{ere much colder than they are nmv.
the vloods have disappeared from many
has lovrered in the lake, so that the
winters shorter than they Irere long ago.
THE
Winters in the olden
Cultivation has dried the
places, the water level
lS IdeI' and the
If the furnishings of the chapel
the priest t s room ,ras not any better.
bore the stamp of poverty
The servant was not lodged
any better than s Master.
Behind a curt, stood four roughtly-joined planks,
raised a little from the grou...nd, on eh was placed a mattress
filled 1-rith hay and moose-hair; a feH blankets end 3, rabbit-skin
completed the bed of the missionary. Of a ver'J nervous temperament
naturally, and being ver;{ mortified by virtue, Father Gascon ,vas
- 51 -
not a heavy MGnY a time the people of St-Laurent remember
seeing him in tiny garden, as early as four o! clock the
morning, working hard Hi th his cassock tucked up Gnd sleeves
turned bacle. For the last t"renty years of life, he hardly
slept one night in a bed, either because of illness or mortification.
During that time he sle}Jt sitting on a chair. wrapped in a blGnket.
A rough iwoden table Gnd an empty box were his chair and his
desk. Three times a day, Pierre Chartrund's family (Michel
Chartr8nd surnamed IIOpishkwat l? (fish-l,ladder) had left the settle-
ment that autumn for Duck Bay), brc- meels to the priest.
These he ate on the rickety table. Tue menu was not very refined:
fish, moose or deer meat, hare or duck, accorcing to the season)
and ox-flesh. Even bannock WEtS rare, even on feast days.
A waSh-basin, with a towel hangine; behind the door, a few
pails, with a couple of cups [}nd tin these comprised the
wealth of this ltmansion". Oh! I forgot to the crucifix
hanging on the ,'Tall,and a l.Jith Holy \vater near the
bed. Father often dipped his finger in the Holy Hater, and blessed
himself ously, at the same time a loving look on the
figure of Christ crucified. Father had lived, before coming to
the \-Jest in the comfort able presbyteries of Quebec, and took
a great deal of courage to live in the poor conditions of this
western settlement. It is thought that it was th courage that
he prayed for, by his loving glances to the crucifix in his room.
THE RURcqOUNDING COUNTRY
Let us now' cuss the aspect of the land surrounding the
chapel. The building was built on a little hillock, that had a
gently slope on the east side, but "TaS quite flat towards the
west and the south. On the north side of it we..s a swaniP. filled
wi th vTillows and rushes. TmTards the south-west vTaS a little
clearing that gave a clear vie," as far ","s Lake Manitoba. The
east and west "Tere protected from the high ,.inds by several large
trees. Today there not a single tree left on the whole t.relve
chains of that land, from the roacl to the la.1te. They i;rere either
burned by the prairie fires or cut down by the various colonists that
lived there. On the 'lest side, the ,roods were not more than 150
yards wide. Frnm this l.JOods .">,8 far e.s the lake, on the north a.tld
south sides, the land was a flat grassland, \ r l ~ r e the grass grmr
tall, and where the prai winds sported 1.Jith the in the
summer a.tld the snow during the "linter season.
In the days, each person traced his mm track over the
prairie, but as the pJpulation increas",:d, two roads began to
appear close to tbe One passed about 150 yards to the
east, at the edge of the woods, the other about 80 yp.rds on the
east side. The first one was used summer, the 0ther, being
sheltered from the 1rinds "TaS tb.::.; ro!?d. Th:a two roads
separated at about a to the south of the chapel, and rejoined
about tim miles further north, going tovrards the church,
and Oak Point. The trace of these roads can still be seen in
fferent places, cularly "I>lest of the present road, in front
of the homes of the Labous and the Ducharme lies.
At about 275 yards north of the , Father Gas can
established a small cemetery, at the formed by the present
highway and J. B. Chartrctnd I s land. It was thus on the 12 chains
of land of lot Number 2, Brother Mulvihill says in his journal,
that i-Then there was no priest the area, only children were
buried there, and adults "iere taken to St-Frangois-Xavier. or
Baie St. Paullfor burial. Later when the "Yfas demolished
and taken to lot Nmnber 20, the bodies buried in the
cemetery were also taken up there. and buried in the lend that
nOVT serves as garden in sum.rner and rink in winter. A
few years later, they were again tal\:en up and placed the
large cemeter'y that had been established near the present church.
The land where they were placed near lot 20, has been
plowed and smm ma..l1Y times; so that there is not a trace of
these graves or the crosses that stood over them.
Father Gascon begw1 to build the , there were
only five families there: Pierre Pangman, Pierre
and Michel Chartra..l1d, Guillaume and Jean Sayer and Jean-Baptiste
Lavallee.
Mi chel Chartrand (opisk"lat) bnarded Father Gas con for awhile.
He was a very good-hearted man" but he liked strong liquor, and
"Then he was intoxicated, he beca..me very violent. His house was
si tuated a fev; yards fro:r.1 the chape , to,mrds the north. He did
not wait for the completion of the building, but left '\"ith his
family for Duck Bay in the first days of November 1858. He was
married to Marguerite Pangman.
'Imen the chapel "l-TaS finished, there were
there:
four
L Pierre Pangman to Mary Short, who lived about 100 yards
south of the That site ,-Tas on lot nLL'1lber L There is
no trace of it today, as the land has been plowed over and over
since then. Pierre ,.ras zabeth r s father. I shall
have the occasion of spes,king about her later on.
2. Pierre Chartrfu'1d, who :r.1oved intJ chel Ch art ral1d ! s empty house,
north of the chapel. Ile the there, but in the
spring, he about 350 north-west,
L Manitoba.
- 53 -
at the end of lot number 2, near the bay, by the lake, and
where most of the coming from the lakej')1oored.
3. Guillau.rne (Hilliarn) Sayer, had begun the vrinter i-iith Pierre
Chartrand, and ivhen the latter left to build a house 0n the
shore of the lake, he .. las left alone in the house. The
Metis called him "Dionn. He also took care of the missionary,
bringing him his food, Father Gas con left for St.
Norbert. It is Guillaume Sayer, who vlas arrested in
1849, for having traded furs w-i th the India.l1s, in spite of
the Hudson Bay monopoly. He was set free, when 3000 armed
Metis surrounded the house T..rhere the Court of Inquiry w-as
being held.
4. Jean-Baptiste Lavallee a mile-and-a-half to the north.
Jean-Baptiste was Michel Lavallee I s father. Today (1935)
he 86 years old. His house was on a little hillock on
lot 8, between the house of Michel Chartrand, who liVes 'I.ith
Octave Chartrand, anct the Hinnipeg-Lundar road.
Besides the families mentioned above, there was no one
else living close to the chapel, ivhen it was built. The closest
res w-ere grouped together around the Hudson Bay Post at
Oak Point.
It all-rays difficult to reasons for certain acts,
when they have not been noted, or 'lvhen the l)eop1e concerned
are not living any more. HOi-leVer, on due consideration, it may
be surmised that the fo110\.ing facts had something to do vrith it.
The site of the Pangman-Chartrand-Sayer homes was a strategic
point for the Metiswd the Saulteaux from the north of the lake,
who came and ,vent on the prairie. These spent the vlinter
in the forests and marshes of the north, hunting and trapping.
In the spring, they carne dmm the lake, on huge barges, with oars
and a s 1, headed first for Fort Garry, and then for the buffalo
hunts on the They crone with their , their
and carts and all their chattels. Often they landed on
the sandy beach, the ruins of what 'ims supposed to be the
hotel of the Manitoba BeaC'll Company, but most of the time they
came in to a heautiful ght, which vas a sure shelter for their
craft. It is this bight that vms supposed to be deepened later on,
and made into a port.
From there to the homes of PeXlgman and Sa;yer, there vTas only
about mile. So, the travellers pit ched their buffalo-hide tents
at this point, and the evening, a.Dd sometimes in the day time
also, they wandered into the village to chat. They were
not in a hurry, having nothing to do but talk, smoke a'1d sleep.
- 54 -
\-men they i-rere ready) they left, gmng In the direction of
their ce, driven in their pony-carts; whose squeaking could
be heard, accor to historians, for miles. They
travelled in groups of from ten to twelve carts at a time, to
help each other in case of attack by the Sioux or the Cree, who
infested the area.
1men they returned from their buffalo-hunts, loaded with
pemmicffi1 ffi1d dried meat, the blissful hunters caB8 back to the
same place, 1-1here they stayed ten , fifteen days, and
sometimes a month, before to their quarters.
Sometimes as many as fi fty tents were ched along the lakeshore.
Then there were rounds of feasts, dances an(1 g&'n8S, ffi1d very
often liquor also, and then there were qu.arrels p..nd sometimes
bloody fights.
Knowing about these comings and. goings, Father Gascon did
not hesitate to settle in the midst of these , in order to
try to prevent some of the disorders that took place during the
time they st He also ,vtlllted to them the occasion
to ful their gious obligations, before they returned to
their far-avray forests. To accomplish he did not hesitate
to undertake the di cult task of bui them a chapel. He
had almost when the cold weather set in.
Eli,zabeth Pffi1&gffi1. It is time to sp.y a fev "fOrds about the only
person still E;live (in 1935), who 1-ras &'1 eye-,ritness to the events
she speaks about) ffild ,.,ho is able to give unquestionable testimony
to the circLUYlstffi1ces con the first chapel St-Laurent,
built in 1858. She is the fe of Edouard Guiboche. Her nalJle was
Beths but as she 0. that name, she took Elizabeth
when she ".,as confirmed. He shall co.ll her Elizabeth.
Elizabeth was the daughter of PaDgman, and the oldest of
eight children. She was sixteen years old when Father Gascon came
to St-Laurent. Soon she had a affection ffi1d veneration for
him. She often came to his house to do , and cleaning, and
to learn her Catechism. Her s lived ahout 100 yards south
of the , on lot nQmber 1. other Miet children also
came to the house. Father taught them Catechism, reading, 1-Fri ting
and French. abeth, who "ras older ffi1d also perhaps, more
intelligent thaD the rESt. I'Ta.S soon able to read. She also shoved
talent for s Before she had learned the Cree
language, also the , thE Gloria in eXCelsis, and the other
parts of the Mass by Dumont. Her brother served Mass, ffi1d she
S811g. In 1935 she 'vas 93 years old, ffild remembered the
hymns she had learned in her youth. She had a good voice and
could sing quite ,veIL (She died at the age of 102 years in 1944).
During the winter of 1858-59, her father came to her to bring
her to Duck Bay \.)'here he had built a house. She ivent, all in tears,
to say goodbye to Father Ge.s con, then she Ie ft, iTery reluct antly.
She sal'; him again 20 years later, r..rhen he returned from his missions
- 55 -
1.n northern Canada. She came back to the settlement many times
after she left, 'wi th her father, when he went on trips;
but Father Gascon was not there. In of s, she was
ahrays happy to return to the chapel ivhere she had made her First
Com.munion. On one of her t she had the of meet
Father r, on aDother occasion,
Fathe l' Simonet, t of St-Lrturent t;
(Tivo of her daughters entered the Insti tut of the Francis can
r.ussionnaires of Mary. One of them, , Sr. Ros a, died
in Quebec city, at the convent there. The other one VeroniQue,
Sister Mary Cleonisse, returned to St-Laurent later, and
there for ti-ro or three years, before returning to Quebec, where
she died in 1961, 2"t the age of 81 years. - Compiler's note.)
Eli zabeth Fangman, had married Edouard Guiboche, after her first
husband She, herself at St-Laurent at over a hundred
years old.
Father Gascon, as we have s d, left St-Laurent in the
days of Harch, to his novitiate under the direction of
Father Lest ane. After , there \<Ta3 W) dent priest
at the chapel. Father Simonet, to and from Duck
and Ri ver stopped at St-Laurent e8.ch time he passed. but he
d not stay there. In the month of October 1861, the chapel was
almost destroyed by a rie The summer had been excessively
, and all on was dead from lack of water. One day about
noon, the sun had completely disappeared a cloud of smoke.
The vind was blmving from the south, al'J.d the r was
All the men had gone to the Hhi te Horse Plain. There ,{ere only
a woman and her d8.ughter, yeB,rs old, at Pangman f s. and they
could scarcely breathe on accollnt of the smoke: the danger was
imminent. The houses and the chapel bad thatched roofs, end ,vere
1.n of catching re at any moment.
Hhat to do? ran to the chapel, and In vain to open
the door, but without Sllccess. The mother zed a ce of vlOoa
that "ras tbere, and broke a vrindm.,; through the b:roken glass she
was able to the sash, and she and the child j into the
room. They found the box vlhere the church vestements and the sacred
vessels "rere , rolled these objects a large Ifhite cloth,
and buried them in the ttle , that Father Gascon had
culti vated before leaving. As soon as they vTere finisbed)
covered heads ,1i tb a blanket and raY). to the lake. They were
balf suffocated vrhen there. Just then. the pushed by
the wind, like a torrent, bunches of burning
hay sky-high. The .rind was so , and pushed the so
rapidly, that did not have t to burn the houses 8.11d the
but it passed with the of a racehorse, almost as far as
Oa:'::' Point. Hhen the cleared, all that could be seen as far
as the horizon, was a black that marked the pass8.ge of death.
The vromen es the flames, but several times they were
obliged to thrmT ther:iselves the lake to the
covered their eyes their bla..nkets to keep the
smoke from them 'I'his vroman l.;ras Angelique Pa'1gman,
abc=th
7
8 cousin. She ,.,ras the of Charlot Canada. The
little girl, C8.Xlada, chard, amI beca.me the mother
of Calixte Richard (who decorate the stoae church).
Today, there is absolutely no trace of the little thatched
chapel, nor of the houses that surro1Lnded everything has
disappeared, In 1863, \-rhen it I-las disms.ntled, the wood "lvas
taken up to the site of the nev! church to be used again for the
new building on lot 20. They i-rere serviceable, having been
used for only four or years.
It lS not not to find 8J1Y trace of cellars on
the old s ,because there "Jere none. The Metis were too
nomadic to plant potatoes. Therefore did not need to
dig cellars to preserve the ables that they did not have.
As for Father Gascon, he did not have time to do anything like
that, as he stayed only for the six months of autuIlln and ,Tinter.
As for the other missionna.ires, they only passed by, they d
not stay,
since then, at fferent times, the :Land had been plmved by
three Bretons, who Ii ved on lot number 2. Le ,about 1903;
Nedelec, l.;rho was crushed under his loaded cart; Palud, vho,
about 1906, after having built a house 1{est of the main road, had
tra..nsported to the other side, Today (19 ) Joseph Allard lived
In that house,
The trees have been completely pulled up, or burned, and
later, there had been any cellars, they l.;rer2 filled. Everything
has appeared. There is now only the grass-covered prairie in
that area. It true that there are t
1
.-ro cellars about 80 yards
from the chapeL They ,.;rere It about 1903 or 1904, by Le Rey.
Edouard Guiboche 30m2 good liquor in one of
those cellars. It knmffi that L8 made 8l1d ributed liquor
in those days. The other exisl. cellar? 350 from the
chapel 1vas in Michel Ch art ran cP s He 'T"':; the brother of
Napoleon and J.B. Chartrand. cellars are of recent
building, and they have to do au::;, story of the first
chapeL
After h gathered all the
1. Pang111an, the only person ,-rho could give
on the

she sa;', i t when defini te
she ,.;ras of age, and her memory still quite clear.
2. Edouard Gui bache
and who kne,., the
says he remembers the
In the above article.
3. Michel Chartrand, years old
the chapel, but entered ,to learn
only see
Catechism. H01{eVer
4.
5.
his memory is not too clear about the
years.
of those
The widow of
of
The details she g,,1{e
After
the old traditions
Chartrand, chc::l
Desj , nee
Chartrand, 'who
are not ant.
Chartrand,
nmr 86 years old.
"rho knmr the most about
V.H. Je
Alexander DeLaronde, vrho has t'L11 excellent memory for names
and dates.
Reverend Father P. , O.M.L Pastor of St-Laurent
) ,
(in 1935) in the presence of Edouard ehc and J-B Chartrand,
set up a square, iron post on the s of the at
St-Laurent. It is situated on the twelve s at the south
end of lot 2, 65 yards from the road, feet from the
fence that separates lot number 1 from lot number 2.
In the presence of the same
also set an lron pipe of one-inch
si te of the home of Michel C11artrend,
Guillaume SEwer, "(.,here Father Gascon
room of his mm, when the 1 was
about 30 yards from the post, that
chapel, to"rards the north.
est,
ate the
and
d before he had a
Laurent,
I visited the site
1974. The la.."ld is noVl a
land mark is the iron
location of the homes of
Soyer.
- 58
December
o.t1, 1.
ameter, that marks the
Chartra'1d and Guillaume
Compiler's Note.
THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF LOUiS RIEL INDUSTRIAL PARK
L'OUVERTURE OfFICIE DU PARC INDUSTRIEl
LOU IS R IE l
i
The Iionorab.le Sam USJd.t-l, Ninis'tEu of
the
Jean Marchand, ose to 100 people attended the
culture, used a circular
at St. .Lauren t; I
of
the HonorablB
.. ,!
RE Te
St. Laurent (1971 population 1,400)
traditionally has been a fishing vil-
lage. Since approximately 1818,
when the first fishing station
started business there, the men of
the community have been going
(Jut on Lake Manitoba. But the
fishing industry has changed in
recent years and the men noirv go
out in the winter only. Fishing has
become a gradually declining
source of income.
Based on a statistical survev
carried out in 1968, the
Facts Guide in the case of st. Laur-
ent indicates one of the lowest per
capita income figures within the
larger region which in itself bears
the unmistakable mark of social
and economic underdevelopment.
Fish market prices had fallen to
rock bottom and pessimists were
sure that St. Laurent was on its
way to becoming a ghost town.
However, to the surprise of
everyone, including themselves, the
people of the community turned
out to be a tough-minded breed.
Necessity propelled them into ac-
tion and they began talking to each
other about their problems and
what the solutions might be. By
1970 they were ready to take the
first steps towards arresting the
community's decline. Ever since
then things have been going up for
them and every succeeding new
year has brought a greater mea-
Sllre of social, cultural, and eco-
nomic opportunity for the people
in this area.
Anyone who knows the com-
munity but has not been there in
the last couple of years will be
greatly surprised at the number of'
community projects carried out
in the last three years and the re-
pride of the people who
have initiated them.
January - F,ebruary, 1974
The Interlake Custom
Killing Plant
The Interlake Custom Kil
Plant is the latest in a series of com-
munity projects which have been
planned and brought to fruition
through well organized citizen ini-
tiatives. The meat plant v,'as offi-
cially opened December 13, 1973
by the Honourable Bill Uruski,
Minister responsible for the Man-
itoba Public Insurance Corpora-
tion. This mea! plant was huilt
a group of 20 resident shareholders
who raised approximately $22,000
in equity capital towards the pro-
ject. The establishment of the com-
munity industry, which will pru-
vide a much demanded service to
farmers in this region, is tlw direct
outcome of the ne'w entrepreneur-
ial initiatives taken bv C0l11D1Unitv
leaders who have bee"n spurred or')
by the success of previous co-
operative efforts. The plant is an
ideal stay-option industry in that
it will purchase primarily local
be owned local
and will also employ local
people, Even the smallness of the
project is a decided asset to the
because it has a self-
contained sewerage system which
has kept this particular cost low.
In total the plant represents a
business investment of $100,000
a substantial of which was
provided by a Special ARDA
FRED In addition. an opera-
ting capital loan was provided by
the Communities Economic De-
velopment Fund. The plant was de-
signed with the assistance of the
Department of Industry and Com-
merce, Food to meet the
highest health and environ-
ment sianaards which have re-
cently been instituted. The market
area served by the plant will even-
tually include residents of Winni-
peg interested in freezer-size por-
tions of meat as well as European
style cut meats. St. Laurent is
located on highway No.6 and can
be reached by car from Winnipeg
in approximately an hour.
The Interlake Custoff).Kiliing Piant was officially opened December 13, 1973.
The Honourable Bill rffusl;i Guts the ribbon while at right Mr, Harrv Enns, MLA
for Lakeside, and at left' ,\1urroy Sinc1C1ir, representing the Honourable Howard
Pawley, hold the symbolic tope.
- 58 - Page One A
Citizen initiative as the
driving force
In the course of delibnrale ef-
forts to pull their community up
by the bootstraps, the people of St.
Laurent inadvertently have de-
vised their own, rather unorthodox
approach to community develop-
ment. This approach is based
on direct citizen involvement and
citizen initiative as tl1<: driving
force behind the successful imple-
mentation of commun projects,
At lh2 same time the approach is
built on a unique pil1'tnr;rship be-
tween the people and government
agencies which can best he dcs-
as "assisted s(!lf-help", This
arrangement has evolved organ-
ically through continuous discus-
siems in which the roles were ulti-
mately divided in this way: the
people of the community were
given responsibility for the initial
groundwork such as the planning,
organizing and preparing of pro-
posals; government on the other
haBd was to provide financial sup-
port, technical and managerial
advice and in some instances
supervision of project implemen-
tation, This unique partnership
has given local people an oppor-
tunity to deliberately design local
projects in a vvay which results in
a strengthening of their capabili-
ties as productive members of
society and which in small but
significant ways allows them to
become investors, innovators and
developers in their own right.
These ore the mcn \,vho moho t.he Co-op work. From left to right: Jim Bruce, Accountont; Eugcne Desjorlois, Superinten-
dent.; Philip CJwrtrond, Assembler; Gedeon LflVO/l(W, Mochine Operntor; Iv10urice Desjoriois, Assembler; LO(Jndre Coutu,
Mochine Oporotor; Alvin Johnson, Finisher; Brion Bruce, Moci1ine Operulor; Moise DuciHlrme, Forcmo)) (Assembler);
Did; Hichards, Foremo/l (InS!ruct0r).
Poge Two A
- 58 - ]anuClfY - February, 1974
louis Co-op
The entire community devel-
opment process at St. Lat.i'rent be-
gan with a social animation
seminar for local individuals with
leadership potential back in May
1970. The seminar was conducted
by the ARDA-FRED administra-
tion in the hope that it would en-
courage a then demoralized people
to propose realistic and acceptable
solutions to tpeir problems.
The first and most direct out-
come of this seminar was a pro-
posal by the local Metis organiza-
tion to establish an industrial co-
operative to manufacture step-
ladders on a training basis. Upon
the acceptance of the proposal the
Metis organization successfully
negotiated the purchase of a Va-
cant school building, the lease of
$35,000 worth of machinery and
equipment from the Interlake Man- '
power Corps, a training wage sub-
sidy for ten individuals plus a
$10,000 loan guarantee commit-
ment from the Communities Eco-
nomic Development Fund of the
Manitoba Government.
The first stepladders were
shipped in January 1971 and it
.,vas estimated by Industry and
Commerce staff that the market
for this product in the Prairie re-
gion consisted of sljghtly more
The Louis Riel Co-op's first commer-
cial venture - domestic stepladders
of hemlock wood. Plant can now
handle heavier-duty ladders for in-
dustrial use. Co-op also fills bulk of
estimated annual market of 15,000
ladders.
January - February, 1974
than 15,000 ""lOoden ladders an-
nually. The co-op now also ships
its product to British Columbia and
Ontario. Sales have grown frorn
4,200 ladders in 1971 to 10,000 in
1973 and orders at present on the
books would indicate a record
sales picture of 15,000 for 1974.
In addition, the co-op is making
strenuous efforts at diversifying
into new prQduct lines such as
school furniture, children's fur-
niture and beverage room chairs,
especially. The co-op has recently
expanded its plant with the help
of a co-op development grant un-
der the Provincial Employment
Program and now has the physical
capacity to accommodate in-
creased prod uetion targets. The
co-op hopes to be completely self-
sustaining by 1 9 ~ 5 .
The co-op at present employs
11 local people including an ac-
countant who received his train-
ing at the plant and a manager
trainee. The training program it-
self has been outstandingly suc-
cessfuL The men on the produc-
tion line have kept regular hours
Alvin Johnson and Philip Chartrand assemble T-frame on ahair, part of an order
for 160 for use in the beverage room of the Oak Point Hotel which also obtained
40 round tables and 11 dining room tables from the Louis Riel Co-operative.
- 58 -
Page Three A
and have applied themselves to
their jobs v\lith great diligence. Ab-
senteeism is well below normal
levels.
In the course of its existence
the co-op has come to mean much
more than just a ladder factory to
the local people because it sym-
bolizes in a concrete form their
rejection of the welfare cheque as
a way of life. More specifically.
the co-op symbolizes their deter-
mination to uphold the work ethic
in their community at all cost. Mr.
Willie Dumont, chairman of the
co-op's board of directors in speak-
ing for a great many former reci-
pients of social assistance involved
in the several projects put it this
way: "The government does not
owe us a living; at most it owes us
the tools for making a living".
Office desk and choir built ot the Louis Riel Co-op. Company has diversified its
original output of wooden ladders to furniture and toys. li pain! booth (!nd as-
sembly line are also planned for a 1,700 square foot addition to the furniture
tory under a Provincial Employment Grant, announced recently. Employees work
a 44-hour, four-day week
Page Four A
..;, 58 -
to
The successful establishment (
the Louis Riel Co-op reassured 1,
cal people as to their own abili
to organize and direct local ir
tiative at solving other preSS!l
problems such as housing.
Plans for a low-income hou
ing development ranked high (
their list of priorities. Again
rather unorthodox approach w
taken which allowed future te
ants to participate in the planniJ
process in a decisive way. Tht
during regular consul,tation SE
sions tenants were encouraged
express views and make practic
suggestions on a variety of matte
such as lay-out, method of heati:
. (they opted for electrical ba5
board heaters), type of roof al
other physical characteristics.
The master plan for the devi
opment called for a total of 34 un
which were to be built in tv
phases. The first phase of 15 un
consisting of eight three-bedroc
homes, two with four bedroOl
and five with five bedrooms, WE
built in 1971-72. Another 19 un
were started in 1973 and are at pI
sent nearing completion.
Since the community did r
have an existing sewerage syste
a new one (similar to those a
proved in small communities
Saskatchewan) was tried for t
first time in Manitoba at sf. Lal
ent. It uses Ph inch and 2 inch pI;
tic pipe as well as a pump a
small septic tank with each hOli
Its principal advantage is grl
economy in construction
maintenance. The whole systl
pressure-feeds into a nearby
goon and the fact that pressure
used makes possible ungraded
stallation of small sewer pipes. T
planning of the housing proj'
was greatly assisted by exp
enced staff from the University
Manitoba School of Architectur
January - February, 1E
The St. Laurent approach to low i ~ o m e housing was to use all/ocaI labour and
have prospective tenants take an active part in the planning process. The com-
munity built 15 bungalows in 1971-72, and 19 more are scheduled for completion
this year. Above, completed units may be seen in the far background, with units
under construction in foreground.
Mrs. Yolande LavoI/ee, left, ond Mrs. Edme Lambert supervise Q group of pre-
schoolers in creotive ort work The preschool program is the community's answer
to providing Metis children especially with a headstart before entering the stan-
dard public school system.
January - February, 1974 - 58 -
A local construction crew
Perhaps the most significant
new concept applied at the 10w-
rental housing project was to let
unemployed men from the com-
munity form their own construc-
tion crew. This crew worked un-
der the direction of a supervisor
hired by the Interlake Manpower
Corps. The entire group performed
well above expectations on the
first 15 units built in 1971-72.
As a result of the experience
gained in that period a similar
group has greatly improved the
organization of. team work on the
19 units now under construction.
According to the inspector's re-
port, the workmanship on these
units is of a very high standard.
The construction crew has hired
a supervisor of their choice and is
taking collective responsibility
for labour costs. In practical terms
this means that the group as a
whole was given the sub-contract
for the labour component at $6,000
per unit. Present indications are
that final labour costs will remain
well within the terms of the con-
tract.
A program for preschoolers
For a time Metis people
in the community used to deplore
the poor performance of their chil-
dren in the public school system.
Earlv in 1970 the local Metis- organ-
ization decided to do something
about it by attempting to give their
children a good headstart with a
program for preschoolers. In early
1971 they prepared a detailed pro-
posal and with the help of grants
from both the provincial and fed-
eral governments they renovated
existing and put a regu-
lar program into operation. The
preschool operation employs
three local women and is a great
success with both parents and
children.
Page Five A.
Recently the community also
established a bilingual credit un-
ion in the hope that it will provide
a banking service as well as an in-
stitutional channel through which
local savings can be put to work on
local projects. The credit union
office employs three local women
who are being trained under the
supervision of experienced per-
sonnel from La Centrale des Caisses
Popuiaires du Manitoba. The fea-
sibility of establishing a local credit
union may be explained by the
growing demand for community
services which are needed to sup-
port basic community industries
such as a garment plant as iNcll as
the woodworking operation and
the newly formed local construc-
tion company and others.
Projects, underway and on
the drawing board
Perhaps the principal merit
of the development approach
which has evolved at St. Laurent
lies in the fact that the residents
have taken a comprehensive view
of the major issues at the roots of
community life. Thus they have
looked at manufacturing, housing ,
and education, for example, and
this has not yet come to
an Among the projects at pre-
sent under construction is a 20 llnit
senior citizens' home which repre-
sents an investment of $225,000 and
other projects on the drawing
board are a farmer's GO-Op which
would build and operate a feed mill
and a feed lot There are also con-
crete plans to utilize the tourist
potential of a number of fine
beaches in the area.
It's all a long way from the
one-crop economy of a 19th cen-
tury fishing village. St. Laurent is
rapidly catching up with today's
social, cultural, and economic
mainstream.
Yvon Dumont discusses loan application with Mrs. Nicole Larouche, one of three ladies being trained for the newly-
formed credit union office. .
Page Six A
< _ I j > >! "" i . . '
January '- Febru'dry, 1974
The newly-opened custom plant at St. Laurent
on the Lake Manitoba shore of Province's Interlake
Region will provide a convenient service in slaughter-
ing and meat cutting to Interlake area farmers and be-
yond. Not only will the customer be able to have pro-
fessional service on the best types of cut, but he will
have the advantage of a specialist in delicatessen-
style meats, so that food waste is at a minimum.
The meat plant will not only do the initial slaugh-
tering but will cool, cut, wrap, and freeze in "freezer
lots". It will also cure and slT).oke. In fact. according
to manager Klaus Geoerg, who received his early
training in Germany, anyone who wishes to buy an
animal from a district for example, can have
the same service. Mr. Geoerg, who came to Canada in
1956, worked at Swift Canadian in Winnipeg where
he was a head beef boner and special cutter. He prom-
moreover, to make the finest "Schinkenspeck"
- a pork delicacy - in the Interlake.
The Interlake Custom Killing Plant Ltd., to give
it its proper name, is designed to process either five
cattle per hour or 12 hogs. The most modern and latest
of several such locally-operated processing plants in
rural Manitoba outside of Winnipeg, Interlake em-
ploys some half-dozen people, including a manager,
a butcher and meat cutter, who will have an assistant
to help him and aid in wrapping orders, a second meat
cutter, and a combined secretary-bookkeeper-recep-
tionist who will take customers' orders.
Two days a week e set aside for slaughtering and
cooling, and the remainder for cutting, wrapping, and
smoking of meat.
Interlake emphasizes that its services are open to
anyone, near or far. who wishes to take advantage of
its customized services. A typical current list of ser-
vice charges runs as follows:
Beef Killing ................. , .......... $7.00
Over'SOO lbs ..................... , ........ B.OO
Cutting ........................... 0.04 per lb.
Wrapping & Freezing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.04 per lb.
Beef Hamburger .................... 0.10 per lb.
Pork Killing ............................ $6.00
Over 200 Ibs. 7.00
Cutting ........................... 0,04 per lb.
Wrapping & Freezing ....... , ........ 0.04 per lb.
Smoked Meat ...................... 0.15 per lb.
Interlake's Board of Directors, all local people from'
St. Laurent, is made up of Mr. Emmanuel Schon. presi-
dent; Mr. Klaus Geoerg, vice-president; Mr. Frank
G r ~ t t o n secretary-treasurer; and members Mr.
'Gaudry, and the Rev. A. Lemoine, O.M.L
J?nuary - February, 1974
58 -
Seven A
Page Eight A
Cover Picture - At the heart of
the renewal program of the com-
munity of st. Laurent on Lake
Manitoba's eastern shore is the
complex of units attached to and
including the original factory -
the "oJd" school building seen in
the centre of the picture. IlJustrat-
ing community initiative and gov-
ernment assistance and advice,
St. Laurent's citizens now have
o woodworking factory, a house-
building program, a nursery
school, a custom killing plant, and
a credit union - all in the spaGe
of a bare four years.
January - February, 1974