Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

1. In which reaction is water acting only as a proton acceptor?

1) H2SO4(aq) + H2O () HSO4(aq) + H3O+(aq) 2) NH3(g) + H2O () NH4+(aq) + OH(aq) 3) CH3COO(aq) + H2O () CH3COOH(aq) + OH (aq) 4) H2O () + H2O (l) H3O () + OH(aq) In the reaction: NH3 + H2O * NH4 + + OH A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) NH3 and H2O 2) NH3 and OH 3) H2O and OH 4) H2O and NH4+ In the reaction: NH3 + HCl NH4+ + Cl The NH3 acts as 1) a Brnsted acid, only 2) a Brnsted base, only 3) both a Brnsted acid and a Brnsted base 4) neither a Brnsted acid nor a Brnsted base Given the reaction: HSO4 + HPO4 2 SO42 + H2PO4 Which pair represents an acid and its conjugate base? 1) HSO4 and SO42 2) HSO4 and HPO42 3) SO42 and H2PO4 4) SO42 and HPO42 According to Reference Table V, which of the following is the strongest Brnsted-Lowry base? 1) HS 2) S2 3) HSO4 4) SO42 According to Reference Table V, which is the strongest Brnsted base? 1) I 3) NH2 2) F 4) OH According to Reference Table V, the Br ion is classified as a 1) strong conjugate base 3) weak conjugate base 2) strong conjugate acid 4) weak conjugate acid If HCl and H2O react together, in an acid-base reaction to form their Brnsted-Lowry conjugates, the products would be 1) HCl and H3O+ 2) Cl and OH 3) Cl2 and H2 4) Cl and H3O+

9. Which equation illustrates the amphiprotic properties of a reactant species? 1) NH2(aq) + H2O() NH4+(aq) + OH(aq) 2) H2O() + H2O() H3O+(aq) + OH(aq) 3) HCl(aq) + H2O() H3O+(aq) + Cl(aq) 4) 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O()

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

10. Given the reaction: HI(g) + H2O() H3O+(aq) + I(aq) Which species represents the base by accepting a proton in the forward reaction? 1) HI(g) 2) H2O() 3) H3O+(aq) 4) I(aq) 11. The conjugate base of the HSO3 ion is 1) HS 2) S2 3) SO32 4) SO42 12. Given the reaction: NH3 + H2O NH4+ + OH The water acts as the 1) base 3) proton acceptor 2) acid 4) electron donor 13. Which Bronsted acid has a conjugate base that has amphoteric properties? 1) HCl 2) HNO3 3) H3O+ 4) HSO4 14. Which of the following is the weakest Brnsted acid? 1) HBr 3) HCl 2) HI 4) HF 15. Given the reaction: CH3COOH(aq) + H2O() CH3COO(aq) + H3O+ (aq) In this reaction, which substances are accepting protons? 1) CH3COOH(ag) and H2O() 2) CH3COOH(ag) and CH3COO(ag) 3) H2O() and H3O+(ag) 4) H2O() and CH3COO(aq) 16. The conjugate base of NH3 is 1) NH2 2) NH3 3) NO3 4) NO2 17. Based on the reference Table V, which substance is amphoteric (amphiprotic)? 1) HS 2) Br 3) HBr 4) H2S 18. Given reactions A and B: (A) HCl + H2O Cl + H3O+ (B) HCl + HS Cl + H2S In which of the reactions does HCl donate a proton and thus act as an acid? 1) A, only 3) both A and B 2) B, only 4) neither A nor B

19. According to Reference Table V, which of the following Brnsted acids is strongest? 1) HBr 2) HF 3) H2S 4) NH3 20. The conjugate acid of the HS ion is 1) H+ 2) S 3) H2O 4) H2S 21. According to an alternative theory, an acid is any species that can 1) donate a proton 3) accept a proton 2) donate an electron 4) accept an electron 22. A compound that can act as an acid or a base is referred to as 1) a neutral substance 2) an amphoteric substance 3) a monomer 4) an isomer 23. In the reaction: H2SO4 + H2O H3O+ + HSO4 A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) H2SO4 and H2O 2) H3O+ and HSO4 3) H2O and HSO4 4) H2SO4 and HSO4 24. Given the reaction at equilibrium: C2H3O2(aq) + H2S(aq) HS(aq) + HC2H3O2(aq) Which pair represents the Brnsted-Lowry bases in this reaction? 1) C2H3O2 (aq) and H2S(aq) 2) C2H3O2 (aq) and HS (aq) 3) H2S(aq) and HC2H3O2(aq) 4) HS (aq) and HC2H3O2(aq) 25. In the reaction NH3 + H2O NH4+ + OH A conjugate acid-base pair is 1) NH3 and H2O 2) NH3 and OH 3) H2O and NH4+ 4) H2O and OH 26. According to Reference Table V, which species can act as either a Brnsted acid or base? 1) NH3 2) NH4+ 3) HF 4) H2S

27. Given the reactions X and Y below: X: H2O + NH3 NH4+ + OH Y: H2O + HSO4 H3O+ + SO42 Which statement describes the behavior of the H2O in these reactions? 1) Water acts as an acid in both reactions. 2) Water acts as a base in both reactions. 3) Water acts as an acid in reaction X and as a base in reaction Y. 4) Water acts as a base in reaction X and as an acid in reaction Y. 28. In the reaction: HBr + H2O H3O+ + Br Which is a conjugate acid-base pair? 1) HBr and Br 2) HBr and H2O 3) H3O+ and Br 4) H3O+ and HBr 29. Which reaction illustrates amphoterism? + 1) H2O + H2O H3O + OH + 2) HCI + H2O H3O + Cl + 3) NaCl Na + Cl + 4) NaOH Na + OH 30. Which is the conjugate acid of HSO4? 1) H2SO4 2) H3O+ 3) HSO3 4) SO42 31. What is the conjugate acid of HPO42? 1) H3O+ 2) H2PO4 3) H3PO4 4) PO43 32. Which species can act as an acid? 1) SO2 2) CO2 3) NH4+ 4) PO43 33. Which of the following is the strongest base (proton acceptor)? 1) I3) Cl2) Br 4) F34. Which of the following Brnsted bases has the strongest conjugate acid? 1) Cl 2) OH 3) NO2 4) PO43 35. According to Reference Table V, what is the conjugate acid of the hydroxide ion (OH)? 1) O2 2) H+ 3) H2O 4) H3O+

36. In the reaction: H2S + NH3 NH4+ + HS Which two species act as a base by accepting protons? 1) NH3 and HS 2) NH3 and NH4+ 3) H2S and NH3 4) H2S and HS 37. Which of the following Brnsted bases has the strongest conjugate acid? 1) OH 2) F 3) HS 4) NO3 38. Which species is amphoteric? 1) H2S 3) Cl 2) HS 4) HCl 39. According to Reference Table V, the HSO4 ion can act as 1) an acid, only 2) a base, only 3) either an acid or a base 4) neither an acid nor a base 40. Based on Table V, which ion is amphiprotic? 1) NH4+ 2) OH 3) NO2 4) HSO4 41. In the reaction: HS + NH2 NH3 + S2 The two bases that accept protons are 1) HS and NH2 2) HS and NH3 3) S2 and NH2 4) S2 and NH3 42. Which of the following Brnsted acids has the strongest conjugate base? 1) HBr 2) H2SO4 3) HF 4) H2S 43. According to Reference Table V, which substance is amphoteric (amphiprotic)? 1) HNO3 2) NO2 3) HCO3 4) HF 44. In the reaction H2S + NH3 * NH4+ + HS, the two Brnsted-Lowry bases are 1) NH3 and HS 2) NH3 and NH4+ 3) H2S and NH3 4) H2S and HS

45. Given the equation: NH3(g) + H2O() NH4+(aq) + OH(aq) The two acids acting as proton acceptors are 1) NH3 and H2O 2) NH3 and NH4+ 3) H2O and NH4+ 4) H2O and OH 46. Which of the following Brnsted acids has the strongest conjugate base? 1) HF 3) HBr 2) HCl 4) HI 47. In the reaction: H2SO4 + H2O H3O+ + HSO4 Which two are proton donors? 1) H2SO4 and H3O+ 2) H2SO4 and HSO4 3) H2O and H3O+ 4) H2O and HSO4

48. Given the reaction at equilibrium: HSO4 + NH3 SO42 + NH4+ What are the two species that are acids? 1) NH3 and NH4+ 2) NH3 and SO42 3) HSO4 and SO42 4) HSO4 and NH4+ 49. Given the reaction: H2O + HCl H3O+ + Cl The Brnsted-Lowry base for the forward reaction is 1) H2O 3) H3O+ 2) HCl 4) Cl 50. In the reaction: HSO4 + H2O H3O+ + SO42 The HSO4 ion is 1) a proton donor 2) a proton acceptor 3) both a proton donor and acceptor 4) a base

Reference Tables

Reference Tables

Answer Key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.

1 3 2 1 2 3 3 4 2 2 3 2 3 4 4 1 1 3 1 4 1 2 4 2 4 1 3 1 1

30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

1 2 3 4 1 3 1 4 2 3 4 3 4 3 1 3 1 1 4 1 1