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School of Electrical, Electronic & Computer Engineering EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Subject, Course and Code: Electrical

& Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1 Duration: THREE hours Internal Examiners: Independent Moderator: Instructions: 1. This paper contains two sections, Section EL (Electrical Engineering) and Section EC (Electronic Engineering). Answer each section in a separate answer book. Write the name of the section (EL or EC) on the front cover of the relevant answer book. Section EL: This section has two questions each worth 25 marks. Answer ALL questions from this section. Section EC: This section has two questions each worth 25 marks. Answer ALL questions from this section. 3. 4. 5. Show adequate work in your solutions. No notes of any form are allowed in the examination. Programmable calculators may be used, provided text and formulae are removed from memory prior to the start of the examination. Paper 1 of 1 Mr. S Rezenom Mr. R Sewsunker Prof. D Dawoud Maximum marks: 100

UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL

2.

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 2 of 7

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1

Section EL (Electrical Engineering) Ensure you use a separate answer book for this section. Answer ALL questions from this section. Question 1: [25 marks] (a)
Use nodal analysis and write the simultaneous set of equations for the circuit shown below. Do not solve the equation. [3]

2
A

2
3A

Fig.Q.1a (b)
Replace the circuit shown below with its Thevenins equivalent at terminals a-b. [4]

2A

Fig.Q.1b

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 3 of 7

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1 (c)

Using the Superposition Principle, calculate the current I shown in the circuit drawn below.

10

[4]

2A

20

1A

Fig.Q.1c (d)
The switch in the circuit given below is opened at time t = 0. Find the transient current across the [3] 2 k resistor.

2 F

12 mA

4k

5k

2k

Fig.Q.1d
(e) A three-phase star-connected generator is connected to a balanced star-connected load Z = 5 + j2 Ohms, as shown below. A
IA 2000 V
o

Z
N

200 240o V

200 120o V
IB

C B

IC

Fig. Q.1e

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 4 of 7

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1

i. ii. (f)

Calculate the line-to-line voltages. Calculate the line currents.

[4] [4]

A current of 10 cos(100t) A is applied through a circuit containing a series combination of a resistor, inductor and capacitor with values R = 10 Ohms, L = 0.05 milli-Henry, and C = 1000 micro-Farad. Calculate the power dissipated in each circuit element. [3]

Question 2: [25 marks] (a)


Open circuit and short circuit tests were conducted on a 10 KVA, 220V / 110V transformer with all measuring equipments placed on the high voltage side. The following readings were recorded: Measuring Equipment Voltmeter Ammeter Wattmeter Open Circuit Test (Low-voltage side opened) 220 V 3.16 A 500 W Short Circuit Test (Low-voltage side shorted) 65 V 10 A 400 W [6] [1]

i. ii.
(b)

Determine the parameters of the approximate equivalent circuit. Draw the approximate equivalent circuit with all parameters referred to the primary side.

The magnetic circuit shown below was constructed using cast iron with a relative permeability of 800. The air-gap distance is 0.60 mm. There is a uniform cross sectional area of 0.8x10-4 m2. The mean path length of the material is 0.15 m. Calculate the current I through the 5000 turn coil that is required [8] to produce a flux of 3.83x10-4 Wb across the air gap. Neglect the effect of fringing.

Fig. Q.2b

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 5 of 7

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1


(c)

A 7.46 kW, 230 V, shunt-connected motor takes a line current of 40 A. The armature winding resistance is 0.25 ohms, and the field winding resistance is 230 ohms. Consider the effect of brush voltage drop of 2 Volts. The core and frictional losses are 380 W. i) ii) iii) iv) Calculate the armature current. Calculate the field current. Calculate the power losses. Calculate the efficiency. [1] [1] [4] [4]

END OF EL SECTION

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 6 of 7

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1

Section EC (Electronic Engineering) Ensure you use a separate answer book for this section. Answer ALL questions from this section. Question 1: [25 marks] a)
Design an ideal operational amplifier based circuit to amplify the voltage signal from source v s which has variable internal impedance of 200800 . The amplifier closed loop voltage gain should be -20 10%. Assume resistors of any resistance value are available but all resistances vary within 2 % of their nominal value. (i) Draw the amplifier circuit diagram. Include the voltage source. [2] (ii) Specify the resistor values and show by calculation that the amplifier voltage gain is within the [4] required tolerance. (iii) State the value of the output impedance of this amplifier. [1] (i) Draw a circuit diagram based on three positive-edge triggered T-type flip flops with the following inputs

b)

T0 = Q1 + Q2
(ii)

T1 = Q 2

T2 = Q 0 Q1

[2] Assuming all flip-flops are initially RESET in your circuit in part b) (i) above, and that a suitable square-wave CLOCK signal is applied to the CLK inputs of all flip-flops, draw the output waveform for each of the outputs Q0, Q1, Q2 for four successive CLK cycles. [6] [1] [1] [1]

c) Explain the meaning of the following terms concisely. (i) Signal amplification (ii) Synchronous circuit (iii) Discrete-time signal d) (i) (ii)

(iii)

Draw the circuit diagram of a full-wave rectifier with a source vin(t) and load resistor RL. [2] Given the input to the rectifier vin (t ) = 5 + 10 sin(500t ) volts, sketch one cycle of the input waveform and the corresponding output waveform on the same set of axes assuming the diodes have a forward voltage drop of 1 volt. [4] State the maximum reverse voltage a diode in this circuit is subjected to. [1]

Question 2: [25 marks]


a) Figure 1 shows the circuit of a filter, whose half-power frequency (break frequency) is defined as

fB =

1 2RC

Figure 1

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EXAMINATIONS: 2010 Main Exam Page 7 of 7


[2]

Subject, Course and Code: Electrical & Electronic Engineering: ENEL2EEH1


(i) (ii) Find the circuit transfer function, H(f). Given C = 2F, R =

10 4

circuit. Show your work clearly. b)

, draw the asymptotic Bode magnitude and phase plots for the
[8]

The dc bias circuit of a simple BJT amplifier is shown in Figure 2 below. The BJT has = 200 and VBE = 0.7 V . (i) Analyse this dc bias circuit to determine the BJT base voltage, VB. [3] (ii) Determine the BJT collector-emitter voltage, VCE. [2] (iii) Explain if the BJT is operating in the correct region for amplifier operation. [1]

Figure 2

c)

An ideal operational amplifier based circuit and input voltage waveform are shown in Figure 3.
100 k 20 nF Vin +15 V Vo -15 V 0 1 2 3 4 5 t [ms] +10 Vin [V]

Figure 3

(i) (ii)

Identify the circuit. [1] Sketch the output voltage waveform for the same period of time as the input, showing necessary calculations. [4]

d)

Simplify the logic expression F = A B + A + B and draw the logic circuit diagram using only NAND gates. [4]

END OF EC SECTION