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UMTSOptimization

PreparedByLegendTechnologies

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CourseContent
WCDMAFeatures
IdleModeBehavior RadioLinkSupervision Powercontrol Loadsharing Handover Capacitymanagement Channelswitching

3GKPIsMonitoringandanalysis

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WCDMAFeatures
CourseObjective j Uponcompletionofthispartyoubeableto
Explainthemainpartsofidlemodebehavior Explain E l i what h ti isth theradio di li link ksupervision i i and dwhat h tareits it benefits Explainthedifferenttypesofpowercontrol Explainhowcanwecontrolthecapacitytomaximizeit underminimuminterference ExplainDifferentHandovertypesandscenarios ExplainhowandwhydoweneedforLoadsharingand Explainthemaintypesofchannelswitchingwehave ExplaintheMain3GKPIsandhowtoanalyzethem

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WCDMARadioNetworkFeatures

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IdleModeBehavior
PLMNselection CellSelection/Reselection Paging i LocationUpdateandRoutingareaupdate SystemInformation

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WhatisIdleMode?
1. OFFMode 2. IDLEMODE 3. CONNECTEDMODE

UEinIDLEMODE hasthefollowingproperties: UEisPoweredON,whileitdoesn'thaveconnectiontotheRadioNetwork UEissynchronizedwithRadioNetworkandcanreadbroadcast information,Accordingly g yUEcanaccesstheNetworkrequest q services. UEisregisteredonthenetwork,updatingNetworkwithitsLAC, AccordinglyUEbecomesreachablebythenetwork

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ServicesTypesinIdleMode
NormalService
WhentheUEselectacceptedlevelcellinitsHPLMN

LimitedService
WhentheUEdidntfindanyacceptedlevelcellsatits homePLMNitselectsanyacceptedlevelcellatany other h PLMN

Operatorreservedservices
Theoperatorcanreserveanycellfortestingonlyand thisthroughtwoparameterscellreservedandAccess classNbarred
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PLMNSelection
PLMNSelection
Whatisit?AndWhenithappens?Whatarethe typesofPLMNselection
PLMNSelectionistheprocessinwhichtheUEdecide whichPLMNitshouldregisterinandthisprocess happenswhentheMobileturnedonorwhenthe mobilereturnedbackfromlimitingservice
AutomaticPLMNselection ManualPLMNselection

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AutomaticPLMNselection
Whenthemobilepoweredon
Themobileusesinformationaboutthelastregistered PLMN(Freq,thestoredneighborsbeforeoff) Mobilesearchthestrongestsignalcellsandreadits systeminformationtoget(MCCandMNC) Ifthe h chosen h cell llis i accepted dthe h mobile bil trytod dothe h registration Ifthelastchosencellnotavailableorthereisnostored infointhemobileUSIMthenthemobilemightselect anyacceptedPLMNautomaticallyormanually

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Intheautomaticselectionifnolastregister g PLMN existsoravailabletheMobilewillselectthePLMNthat isavailableandallowedasfollow


HPLMNifnotpreviouslyselectedduetoRAT EachPLMNinUsercontrolledPLMNslistintheUSIM,inorder ofpriority Each hPLMNi inoperatorcontrolled ll dPLMNli listi inthe h USIM, S i in orderofpriority OtherPLMNsaccordingtothehighqualitycriteriarandomly the h minimum i i CPICHRSCPpoweri is95dBm 95dB OtherPLMNsthatdontfulfillhighqualitycriteria

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InitialCellSelection AutomaticMode
I
PowerSpectrumMag gnitude (dB)

USIM HPLMN USIM

Strongestcell
80 60 40 20 0 20 40 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 Frequency 1.4 1.6 1.8 x107

f1

II
PLMN

PLMN PLMN

I II III I II III

PLMN A B C

D E F III
PLMN

USIM
PLMN
PowerSpectrumMagnitude (dB B) PowerSpectrumMag gnitude (dB)

PLMN

2110

2170MHz IV
PLMN PLMN PLMN PLMN PLMN PLMN

80 60 40 20 0

20 40 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 Frequency 7 x10

PLMNA PLMNB PLMND PLMNE

PLMNB PLMNE PLMND PLMNA

80 60 40 20 0

20 40 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 Frequency 7 x10

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ManualPLMNSelection
UEdisplaysalltheavailablePLMNSafter carriersscanning AlltheavailablePLMNswillappearregardless itisallowedornotandignoringtheforbidden LACs

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f1 Strongestcell
PowerSpectrumMagnitude (dB) 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 Frequency 1.4 1.6 1.8 x10 7

f2 fn

PLMNA PLMNB

HPLMN
PLMNE

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Roaming
Itistheservicesinwhichtheuserwillbeable toobtainservicesfromanotherPLMN
Samecountry(nationalroaming) Anothercountry(internationalroaming)

E Every30minutes i t the th UEtry t to t reselect l tits it homePLMN

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CellSearch
Start

Detectingslotsynchronization

Detectingframesynchronizationandprimaryscramblingcodegroup

Detecting gprimary p yscrambling gandreadsystem y information

End

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Broadcast Channels
SCH P-CCPCH PICH

Pilot Channel
1 timeslot = 2560 Chips = 10 symbols = 20 bits = 666.667 uSec

Pilot Symbol Data (10 symbols per slot)

P-CCPCH P CCPCH

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 4 1 Frame = 15 slots = 10 mSec

CPICH always take code 0 from SF 256 tree

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Cellselectionprocedure
Squal=Qqualmeas qQualMin(ForWCDMA)
QqualmeasisCPICHEc/No qQualMinisminimumrequiredEc/No

Srxlev=Qrxlevmeas qRxlevMin Pcompensation (F all (For llcells) ll )


QrxlevmeasisCPICHRSCP qRxlevMinisminimumrequiredRSCP

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Pcompensation Pcompensation=Max(maxTXpowerUL Max(maxTXpowerULP,0)


PismaximumO/PpoweroftheUEaccoringtoitsclass maxTXpowerULismaximumpowerusedinaccessing

Thecellconsiderasaccepted p if
Squal>0and Srxlev>0

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Cellselectionoccurswhen
WhenUEisswitchedon WhenUEinidlemodehashadanumberoffailedRRC connectionrequest WhenaUEreturnstoidlemodefromtheconnection modeoncommonchannel(cellFACH)afteranumber offailedcellupdate UEreturnstoidlemodefromconnectedmode(cell DCH) WhenaUEreturnstoidlemodeafteranemergency callonanyPLMN

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Cellreselectionprocedure
Whenitoccurs
Whencellonwhichitiscampingisnolonger suitable Whenthereisanyneighborwithbetterquality thantheselectedone WhentheUEinthelimitedservicestateonan acceptable p cell WhentheUEisincell_FACHstate

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Accordingtothecellreselectioncriteria.Inordertoperformcellranking, theUEmeasurestheservingcellandneighborcellslistedinSIB11 accordingtothemeasurementrules . Measurementrulesforcellreselection


1.Intrafrequency f measurementsstartswhen h Squal <=Sintrasearch

i.

Si SintraSearch S h :Controls C l when h i intrafrequency f measurementsareperformed f d (0dBm)

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2.Interfrequencymeasurementsstartswhen Squal <=SinterSearch Sintersearch :Controlswhenintrafrequencymeasurementsareperformed(0dBm) 3.GSMmeasurementsstartswhen Squal < <=sRatSearch ORSrxlev <=SHcsRat sRatSearch : ControlsqualityThresholdatwhichGSMmeasurementsare performed(4dBm) SHcsRat : ControlsSignalStrengthThresholdatwhichGSMmeasurements areperformed(3dBm)

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Qqualmeas (EcN0, dB) Qrxlevmeas (RSCP, dBm)

GSM measurements can also be triggered by low RSCP

-14

sRatSearch = 4dB -112

qQualMin = -18 qRxLevMin+P = -115

sHcsRat = 3dB (negative values are interpreted as 0)

WCDMA measurements

WCDMA & GSM measurements

WCDMA & GSM WCDMA measurements measurements

Time (s)

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WhentheUEtriggersacellreselections procedureitstartsrankingforthecellsatisfy Scriteria(Squal>0andSrxlev>0)andthe rankingwillbeaccordingRcriteria


R(serving)=Qmeas(s)+qHyst(s) R(neighbor)=Qmeas(n)qOffset(s,n)
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Qmeas:isthequalityvalueofthereceived signalwhichisderivedfrom
CPICHEc/Noor CPICHRSCP

qHyst(s):hystersisvaluesenttomobilein systeminformationusedtodelaythe reselectionaspossibleontheLAboarders


qHyst1iftherankingbasedonCPICHRSCP qHyst2iftherankingbasedonCPICHEc/No

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qOffset(s,n):istheoffsetbetweentheservingand theneighbor g cellalsousedtoshiftthecellboarder qOffset1sn:iftherankingbasedonRSCP,there are2q qOffset1snoneforWCDMAneighbor g and theotheroneforGSMneighbor. qOffset2sn:iftherankingbasedonEc/No qualMeasQuantity istheparameterthatdetermine ifwewilldotherankingbasedonRSCPorEc/No TheUEreslect thebettercellifitstaybetterfortime intervalmorethanTreselection
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UMTStoUMTScell Reselection
Qmeas(dBm) Qmeas(n) R(n) qOffset2sn=0 qHyst2=4

R(s) Qmeas(s) Cellreselection R(n)>R(s) treSelection time

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UMTStoGSMcellReselection
Qmeas (dBm) Qmeas(n) R L Mi * qRxLevMin* qOffset1sn qHyst1 R(n) qRxLevMin*+ sHcsRat R(s) ( ) Qmeas(s)
WCDMA&GSM measurements t Ranking

time Cell reselection

treSelection R(n)>R(s)

* Pcompensation is assumed to be 0

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FACHconnectedcellreselection
DuringtheFACHconnectedmodetheUEusesecondary commoncontrolphysicalchannel(SCCPCH) Theparametersusedtocontrolthemeasurement f hM O C L C ff and fachMeasOccaCycLenCoeff dinterFreqFddMeasIndicator i t F FddM I di t fachMeasOccaCycLenCoeff (K)usedtoshowwhentheUEhas todothismeasurment thisvalueshouldbegreaterthan0and thisvaluesendtomobileviasysteminformation FACHmeasurment occasionsaredefinedasbeingtheframe wherethefollowing gequation q isfulfilled SFN=CRNTImodn*2^K
C-RNTI is the cell UE identity y (16 ( bits) ) & n is the frame number 0,1,2,.

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InterFreqFddMeasIndicator isavaluesettoTrue orFalse ifitsettoTruetheUEwillperformthe reselectioncriteriaoninterfrequencyorinterRAT andifitissetfalseitwillnotdo

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AfteraUEhasfoundasuitablecellittriesto makePLMNregistration. IftheLAIorRAIreadonsysteminformation hasbeenchangedthentheUEtriestodoRA orLAregistrationUpdate During D i th theidl idlemode d when h th theUEchanges h it its locationorroutingareaitshoulddoLAUor RAU LAUandRAUmanagedbyCN
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LocationareaUpdateand RoutingareaUpdate

TypesofUpdates
Periodic
OccursperiodicallyaftertimerT3212 forLAUorT3312 forRAU,thevalueofthetimersenttotheUEover BCCHintheIMSIattachorinRAU,itisCNparameter, parameter whentheUEisinconnectedmodeandthetimer expiredthentheUEwaituntilenteridlemodeagainto performtheperiodicLA

Normal
Occurswhen h the h UEchange h itsLAorRA,the h UE discoverthechangesaftercomparingthenewCellRAC orLACwiththestoredvaluesintheUSIM
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IMSIattachanddetach
IMSIattachoccurswhentheUEactivatedinthesame LAin i which hi hitwasbefore b f deactivation d ti ti and dthe th d detach t h occurswhenUEdeactiated Thisfunctionusedtop preventunnecessary yp paging g gfor theoffUEs IMSIattachisanoptionalfunctionanditismanagedby cell llparameter t called ll dATTsent tt toUEoverBCCH
IfATTsetto1itmeanstheUEshoulddoIMSIattachand detach WhentheUEisturnedonitsentregistrationrequestindicate IMSIattachtofindoutiftheLAchangedornotifchangedit sendnormalLAupdate

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Paging
IstheprocessthroughittheCNinformtheUE thereisaservicerequestorRANinformallthe UEsthattheSysteminformationhasbeen updatedalsotoinitiatethechannelswitch fromURAPCHtoCellFACHstate Pagingoccursinthefollowingstates
Idle URAPCH CellFACH CellDCH
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PaginginIdlemodeandURAPCH
PICHandSCCPCHareusedtopagetheUE
PICHusedtotelltheUEwhentoreadSCCPCH SCCPCHusedtocarryRRCmessagetype1which i l d actual includes lpaging i i info f and dthe h number b of ftimes i theWCDMARANwillretransmitthepaging (noOfPagingRecordTransm)

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DRX
IntheIdlemodetheUEshouldinordertosaveits powerconsumptiontolistentothePICHincertain predefinedtimes
288 bits for paging indication b0 b1 12 bits (undefined) b287 b288 b299

One radio frame (10 ms)

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288bitsaredividedtonumberofPIseachPI relatedtoonep paging g gg group pandeachp paging g g grouprelatedtooneuser ThenumberofPIsinaPICHframeisg givenby y parameternamedPichMode
IfPichMode is72thatmeanwehave72PIsandeach one4bits

TheUEmonitorsonePIinonepagingoccasion perDRXcycle
ThelengthofDRXcycleisgivenby2^k*10(ms)

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WherekistheDRXcycleLengthcoefficientdefinedby cnDRXcycleLengthCS (PS) DifferentDRXcycleforCS,PSandURAPCH

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PagingincellFACHandcellDCH
WhentheestablishconnectionbetweenUEand RANisexistingPagingtype2messagearesentto theuseritiscarriedonDCCHsoitisonlyforone user.

UpdatedSysteminformation
RRCmessagepaging pagingtype1 type1 senttotheUEinthe idlemodetoinformitabouttheupdatedSI

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SystemInformation

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TheUEreadSysteminformationwhen
Poweredon CellchangeinidlemodeorCellFACH UEi informed f dth that tchange h occurred di insystem t informationwhileitisinidlemodeorCellFACH UEswitchesfromDedicatedmodetoCommon Mode. TimerexpiresforSIBswithexpirationtime. time

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RadioConnectionSupervision

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RadioConnectionSupervision
SupervisionoftheUEinStateCellFACHand URAPCH SupervisionoftheUEinCellDCH

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Whatistheradiolinksupervision
Isthealgorithmsupervisestheradioconnection betweentheUEandtheUTRANduringallthe connected t dstates, t t the th reasonof fthis thi is i to t check h kifthe th UTRANstillcontroltheUEornotandtoprevent undue d charging h i and di increasethe h efficiency ffi i of f resourcesusage. OccursinbothofUplinkandDownlink

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SupervisioninCellFACHand URAPCH
InCELL_FACHstate,supervisionisprovidedbymonitoring periodicCellUpdatemessagessentbytheUE.Thetimer cchWaitCuTisstartedwhenevertheUEentersthe CELL_FACHstate,orupontransmissionofaCellUpdate CONFIRMmessagetotheU UE. .ThetimerisstoppediftheUE U entersCELL_DCHstateandisresettozero(butnotstopped) uponreceiptofaCellUpdatefromtheUE.Uponexpiryofthe timer theoverallreleaseoftheconnectionshallbetriggered. timer, triggered ThetimesetoncchWaitCuTislongerthan theonesetontimert305.Thetimert305indicateshow oftentheUEhastosendaCellUpdatemessage.

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Cell Update Message will be sent either when t305 expires or when the UE change its serving cell In URA PCH state the UE sent URA_Update Message instead of Cell_ Update as in Cell FACH case T305 expires CCHWAITCUT starts

Cell Update Confirmation

Overall Connection Release

Cell Update p Message

CCHWAITCUT Expire p

CCHWAITCUT Reset UE Enters Cell FACH


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Timer Should stopped if UE Enters CELL-DCH

SupervisioninCellDCH
InCELL CELL_DCH DCHstate, state theRadioConnection Supervisionfunctionalityisprovidedbymeans oftwodifferentalgorithms:theRadioLinkSet Supervisionalgorithm,locatedintheRBS, supportstheRadioConnectionSupervision Evaluationalgorithms,locatedintheSRNC

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The Radio Link consider failed if and only if radio link failure indication send from the 2 RBSs
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RadioConnectionSupervision(RCS) EvaluationTheRadioConnectionSupervision Evaluationalgorithmkeepstrackofthe synchronizationstatusofthewholeradio connectionbyassigningatagtoeveryRLS RLS.

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RadioLinkSet( (RLS) )Supervision p TheRLSSupervisionfunctionsupervisesthesynchronization statusoftheRLSprovidedbytheRBStotheradioconnection, and dreports t anychanges h to t the th SRNC. SRNC When Wh nOutSyncInd O tS I d numberofconsecutiveframesareoutofsyncatimer rlFailureTisstartedandatexpirytheRLSisconsideredout ofsyncandRadioLinkFailureisreportedtotheSRNC.When theRLSisoutofsyncandnInSyncIndnumberofframesare insync,theRLSisconsideredinsyncandRadioLinkRestore isreportedtotheSRNC.

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UplinkDPDCH/DPCCH
Dedicated Physical Data Channel (DPDCH) Slot (0.666 mSec) Coded Data, 10 x 2^k bits, k=06 (10 to 640 bits)

I
FBI TPC

Dedicated Physical Control Channel (DPCCH) Slot (0.666 mSec) Pilot (FSW: is some of Pilot Bits) TFCI

10

11

12

13

14

15

1 Frame = 15 slots = 10 mSec

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TheconnectionisconsideredlostbytheRCSwhen thelastRLS, ,fortheconnection, ,hasbeenoutofsync y foratimegivenbytheparameterdchRcLostT.Fora connectionthatincludesHSDPA,thePSpartofthe connectionisconsideredlostbytheRCSwhenthe RLSthatcontainstheServingHSDSCHcell,hasbeen outofsyncforatimegivenbytheparameter hsDschRcLostT.Thismeansthatwhenthe hsDschRcLostTtimerexpires,anIuReleasewillbe requestedtothePSCNandwhenthedchRcLostT timerexpires,anIuReleasewillberequestedtoall involvedCNs.
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SRNC dchRcLost T Starts Radio Link out of sync sent to SRNC

Radio Link Restore

T.S 1

Number N b of fB Bad d T.S 15 frames = nOutSyncInd .

Number u be o of good frames = nInSyncInd Good Frame

B dF Bad Frame #1 rlFailure T starts rlFailure T Expires

What Wh t is i the th BER of f this thi frame (CRC decoding) UE sends FSW in each Time Slot in DPCCH

N.B if number of good frame that decoded by NB before rlFailureT timer expiration equal to nInSyncInd then the RL consider ok and the timer should stopped

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PowerControl

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PowerControltypes
Powercontrol

Uplink

Downlink

OpenLoop PowerControl

ClosedLoop PowerControl

InitialPower settingsfor Power

Closedloop Powercontrol

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SettingOfcommonChannel Power
ChannelName CPICH BCH AICH FACH(control) FACH(Traffic) PCH PICH PSCH SSCH ParameterName PrimaryCpichPower bchPower aichPower maxFach1Power maxFach2Power pchPower pichPower schPower1 schPower2 DefaultPower Setting 300 31 6 18 15 4 7 18 35 Meaning 30dBm 3.1dB 6dB 1.8dB 1.5dB 0.4dB 0.7dB 1.8dB =3.5dB

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OpenLoopPowerControl
ULSIR
SIR=Ec/No SIR E /N XSF =RSCP/RTWPXSF =RSCPRTWP+10logSF RSCP=SIR+RTWP 10logSF
SIRhastargetvaluedependonserviceandChannel SFhasvaluerelatedtotheusedservice

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RACHpreamblePowersetting
PPRACH=RSCP+Losses.
RSCP=SIR+RTWP 10logSF SF. Losses=CPICH_Power CPICH_RSCP. P_PRACH P PRACH=SIR_TARGET_RACH SIR TARGET RACH+RTWP 10log l SF +CPICH_Power(pimaryCpichPower) CPICH RSCP CPICH_RSCP. SIR_TARRGET_RACH 10logSF+Cisconstant parametercalled(constantValueCprach)

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ConstantValueCprach,PrimaryCPICHPowerand RTWParesenttotheUEthroughBCCH NowtheUEcantransmitthePreambleusing P PRACHcalculated P_PRACH l l dValue V l

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PowerRamping

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Parameter PowerOffsetPO PowerOffsetPpM PreambleRetansMax

Range 1to 8 5to10 1to 64

Default 3 4 8

Description 3dB 4dB 8stepofincrease beforethe recalculationof P PRACH P_PRACH 4trials forP_PRACH calculationbefore giving g gaccessfailure

MaxPreambleCycle

1to32

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RACHMessagePower

RACH Data Slot (0.666 mSec) Random Access Message (10, 20, 40, or 80 bits per slot) RACH Message Slot (0.666 mSec) Pilot (8 bits) TFCI (2 bits)

Control Part Power = P_PRACH+ PowerOffsetPpm

10

11

12

13

14

15

1 Frame = 15 slots = 10 mSec

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ControlPower/DataPower=20log(GFc/GFd) G i GFc: isstandard d dgain i f factorrelated l dtocontrol l part GFd:isstandardgainfactorrelatedtodatapart This2parameterswillbedifferentaccordingto thetypeofcarriedinformation
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G i Factor Gain F t GFc (Control) GFd (Control) GF (Data) GFc (D ) GFd (Data)

R Range 0 to15 0 to15 0 to15 0 to15

D f lt Default 11 15 10 15

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FACHPowerSetting
AsmentionedearlierFACHpowerisinitially reservedrelativetoCPICHpower ThequestionNowisthatdoeverypartofFACH messagehas h the h samepowerasthe h reserved d value
0, 2, or 8 bits 20 to 1256 bits 0, 8, or 16 bits

TFCI or DTX

Data

Pilot

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TFCI_Power TFCI Power=FACH_Power FACH Power+FO1


FO1DefaultValueis0dB

Pilot_Power=FACH_Power+FO2
FO2DefaultValueis0dB

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InitialSettingofDL_DPDCH

In case of inter frequency non blind handover cBackoff will be replaced by cNbifho (modified parameter to enhance the p performance of IFHO

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DPDCH

DPCCH

DPDCH

DPCCH

Data 1

TPC

TFCI

Data 2

Pilot

Default Values (00) ) Step p 0.25 Value 0dB PO1 ( PO2 (12) Step 0.25 Value 3dB PO3 (12) Step 0.25 Value 3dB

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DownlinkPowerRamping
Upper Power Limit P DL DPDCH Calculated P_DL_DPDCH 2nd power step size 1st power steps x steps Used only when the NBAP indicates it should be used via parameter first RLS indicator 1st power Ramp 2nd power increase

L Lower Power P Li Limit i

Inner loop

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Power_UL_DPCCH_initial= PrimaryCpichPower +RTWP+uLInitSirTarget 10log(SF_DPCCH)+CPO RSCP_PCPICH RSCP PCPICH(dBm)


Measured by the UE DPCCH_power_offset Sent to UE by RBS in RRC connection setup Message

SettingofinitialUL_DPDCH power

cPO= -30 to 30 in 0.5 dB steps default = 0 (0 dB) PrimaryCpichpower = -100 to 500 in 0.1 dB steps default = 300 (30 dBm) ulInitSirTarget : has different values for different services e.g. SRB =5.7dB; RAB with SF=4 = 9.2 ; RAB with SF=16 or 8 = 8.2 dB and for RAB with SF= 32 or higher =4.9

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Uplink p DPDCH/DPCCH /
Dedicated Physical Data Channel (DPDCH) Slot (0.666 mSec) Coded Data, 10 x 2^k bits, k=06 (10 to 640 bits) Dedicated Physical Control Channel (DPCCH) Slot (0.666 mSec) Pilot TFCI

I
FBI TPC

10

11

12

13

14

15

1 Frame = 15 slots = 10 mSec

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P_DPDCHpowercalculation
DPCCHpower/DPDCHpower=Bc/Bd DPCCHpower DPDCHpower=20log(Bc/Bd) DPDCHpower=DPCCHpower 20log(Bc/Bd)
Bc: DPCCH gain factor Bd: DPDCH gain factor

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RadioBearer Signaling Speech CS64 PS64/64 PS64/384

DPCCHgainFactor 11 11 8 8 8

DPDCHgainfactor 15 15 15 15 15

DPDCHpower DPCCHpower +2.7 DPCCH power+2.7 DPCCHpower+5.46 DPCCHp power+5.46 DPCCHpower+5.46

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Innerlooppowercontrol
UpLinkinnerlooppowercontrol
DPDCH/DPCCH(pilot+Data+TFCI+TPC+Data) TPC_Command = (UP) or (Down) DPCCH(Pilot +TFCI+TPC) DPDCH RBS measure SIR_UL_RLS of the pilot Data then compare it with Target value

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DPCCHTPC_cmd=1(Down)or+1(UP)

DPCCHchange=TPCXTPC_cmddB DPDCHpowerrelatedtoDPCCHpower SIR_UL_RLS>= SIR_TARGET SIR_UL_RLS < SIR_TARGET TPC command = down TPC command = UP

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ULPowercontrolduring compressedmode
10 mSec Frames ( (15 slots) ) Normal Operation
11 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Compressed-Mode; single-frame method


11 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4

Transmission Gap Compressed period used for IRAT measurements and BSIC decoding and confirmation

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SIR_targetinCM

SIR_target + 1dB SIR_target + 0.5dB SIR_target


13 14 15 1 2 3 4 12 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 14 15

Transmission Gap

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TPCcommandinCM
TPC = 2 dB TPC = 1 dB

13

14

15

12

13

14

15 1

14

15

Transmission Gap Recovery Period 7 slots after the Gap pilot = 10 log (Npilot,prev/Npilot,curr) DPCCH= TPC X TPC_cmd + Pilot

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Downlinkinnerlooppower control
DPDCH/DPCCH / (p (pilot+Data+TFCI+TPC+Data) )

DPCCH(Pilot +TFCI+TPC) DPDCH MS measure SIR_DL_RLS of the pilot Data then compare it with ith Target value TPC_Command = (UP) or (Down)

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TPCcommand(UPorDown)

presentpowerP(K)=P(k1)+Ptpc(K) P_TPC(K) = +1 dB if (TPC_CMD is Up) or -1 dB if (TPC (TPC_CMD CMD is down) SIR_UL_RLS>= SIR_TARGET SIR_UL_RLS < SIR_TARGET TPC command = down TPC command = UP

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DownlinkPowerBalancing
Power Drift SRNC

UE RBS 1

RBS 2

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8 frame cycle
Frame 1 Frame 2 Frame 3 Frame 4 Frame 5 Frame 6 Frame 7 Frame 8

R f Reference value l SRNC

RBS 1

RBS 2 UE
At the beginning of each cycle a reference power power, which is the average of all radio link powers is calculated. Over the next 8 frames cycle the power of each RL is adjusted back to this reference value

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dlPcMethod

1noDLpower balanceandno innerlooppower control

2Nobalancingonlyinner looppowercontrolisused

3Balancingis working

4fixedpower balancingalgorithm isusedfixedDl referencevalue

P(K) = P(K-1) + Pbalance Pb l = +1 Pbal 1 dB i increase th the power -1 1 dB d decrease th the power Power balancing is configured to work on 8 frame cycle

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Downlinkpowercontrolin compressed mode P(K)= P(K-1) + Ptpc(K) + P bal(K) + P sir (K) dBm
P(k-1): previous DL power Ptpc (K): +1(UP) or -1(down) X TPC

PSIR(K) = 4dB TPC(K) = 1 dB


13 14 15 1 2 3 4 12

PSIR(K) = 3.5dB TPC(K) = 2 dB


13 14 15 1 2 3 4 14 15

Transmission Gap
Recovery Period 7 slots after the Gap

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OuterLoopPowercontrol
TheouterlooppowercontrolalgorithmperformedforDLin theUEandfortheULintheRNC The Th Main M i id ideab behind hi dthe th outer t loop l powercontrol t lis i t toset t properSIRtarget SIRtarget g valuechange g according gtoblerQualitytargetDl Q y g SIRtargetvalueshouldbebetweenSIRMax173(17.3dB)and SIRmin82(8.2dB) ULouterlooppowercontrolcouldbeeitherjumpregulatoror constantstepregulatorbyulOuterLoopRegulatorparameter

1 Jump Regulator

0 constant step

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JumpRegulator

SIRtarget= SIRtarget + ulSirStep(-x/(z*UPDOWNSTEPRATIO)+Y/Z)

Where: ulSirStep = 0 to 50 in 0.1 step default 10 (1 dB) X = Number of Transport blocks that have CRC OK Z= Total Number of received Transport blocks Y= Number of transport blocks that have CRC NG UPDOWNSTEPRATIO= (1/blerQualityTargetUL * 0.5) -1 default value is 199 blerQualityTargetUL = -63 to 0 default is -2 (0.01)

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SIR_Target=5.9 dB CRC=OK Will continuo to drop until receive bad CRC

The SRNC will Update the SIR target value for prevent the UL in resolution of 0.1 dB to p excessive Iub signaling. ulInitSirTaget = 4.9 SIRTarget= 4.9 SIRTarget 4.9+1(-0/(199*1) 1( 0/(199 1) +1/1) 1/1) = 5.9 . NG frame received

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StepRegulator
IfulOuterLoopRegulatorsetto0theStepregulatorwillwork Ideaofstepregulatorisasfollowing: TheSIRtargetshouldincreasedbyulSirStepwhenoneNGCRChave beenReceived AnddecreasedbyulSirStepifnumberofgoodCRCequalto (1/(1.5blerQualityTargetUL)(0.5) Default133 133 Good G d CRC

ulSirStep ulSirInitTarget NG CRC NG CRC

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Handover

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HandoverType

HOTypes

Hard Handover

SoftHandover

IRAThandover

Inter FrequencyHO

CoreNetwork HardHO

SoftHO

SofterHO

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Soft/SofterHO
RNC Measurement Control message DCCH P f Perform measurement t UEEvaluation RNCEvaluation RLaddition Active c e Se Set Update Upda e DCCH RadioLinkRemoval RNCEvaluation Active Set Update Complete Measurement Control message DCCH
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UE

RadioLinkAdd/Remove/Replace

ReportedMeasurement

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MeasurementsElaboration

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RRCMeasurementinitial

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Handovertriggeringtype
EventTriggering
Measurementtobesentwheneverthelevelsof cellsentersthereportingrange

Periodictriggering
MeasurementreportshouldbesenttotheRNCby theUEperiodically

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EventDescription

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Event1A

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Event1B

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Event1C

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Event1D

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Event1E

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Event1F

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Event2D/2F

2B/2C 3A/3C

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CompressedMode

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Compressedmode
RealizationMethods
SF/2 Ratematching/puncturing Higherlayerscheduling

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LoadControl

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PUC

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ICAC

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CellResourceDecision

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ThealgorithmChoosesUEsforPreemption

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LDR

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OLC

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