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Definition Climate Change Climate change is any substantial change in Earths climate that lasts for an extended period

of time. Global warming refers to climate change that causes an increase in the average temperature of the lower atmosphere. Global warming can have many different causes, but it is most commonly associated with human interference, specifically the release of excessive amounts of greenhouse gases. (EPA, 2006) Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), water vapor, and fluorinated gases, act like a greenhouse around the earth. This means that they let the heat from the Sun into the atmosphere, but do not allow the heat to escape back into space. The more greenhouse gases there are, the larger the percentage of heat that is trapped inside the earths atmosphere. The earth could not exist in its present state (that is, with life) without the presence of some naturally occurring greenhouse gases, such as CO2, CH4, and water vapor. Without any greenhouse gases no heat would be trapped in atmosphere, so the earth would be extremely cold. (NASA, 2002) Naturally occurring greenhouse gases (not fluorinated gases) are good in naturally occurring amounts; its when people start contributing excessive amounts of them that greenhouse gases become a problem. With excessive greenhouse gas buildup, the earths atmosphere warms to unnatural

temperatures which causes, among other things, sea level to rise. Global warming also causes sea surface temperatures to rise, precipitation patterns to change, etc. (NASA, 2002)

Scientists have spent decades figuring out what is causing global warming. They've looked at the natural cycles and events that are known to influence climate. But the amount and pattern of warming that's been measured can't be explained by these factors alone. The only way to explain the pattern is to include the effect of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted by humans.

To bring all this information together, the United Nations formed a group of scientists called the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC. The IPCC meets every few years to review the latest scientific findings and write a report summarizing all that is known about global warming. Each report represents a consensus, or agreement, among hundreds of leading scientists.

One of the first things scientists learned is that there are several greenhouse gases responsible for warming, and humans emit them in a variety of ways. Most come from the combustion of fossil fuels in cars, factories and electricity production. The gas responsible for the most warming is carbon dioxide, also called CO2. Other contributors include methane released from landfills and agriculture (especially from the digestive systems of grazing animals), nitrous oxide from fertilizers, gases used for refrigeration and industrial processes, and the loss of forests that would otherwise store CO2.

Different greenhouse gases have very different heat-trapping abilities. Some of them can even trap more heat than CO2. A molecule of methane produces more than 20 times the warming of a molecule of CO2. Nitrous oxide is 300 times more powerful than CO2. Other gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons (which have been banned in much of the world because they also degrade the ozone layer), have heattrapping potential thousands of times greater than CO2. But because their concentrations are much lower than CO2, none of these gases adds as much warmth to the atmosphere as CO2 does.

In order to understand the effects of all the gases together, scientists tend to talk about all greenhouse gases in terms of the equivalent amount of CO2. Since 1990, yearly emissions have gone up by about 6 billion metric tons of "carbon dioxide equivalent" worldwide, more than a 20 percent increase. Isonomy

Human activities definitely contribute to global warming, because carbon emissions from cars, factories, and other sources all contribute to the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere Carbon emissions from cars, factories, and other sources all contribute to the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere. Factories are putting pollution in our air that we breathing make making it stuffy and high in the bois field. De Forest station is a problem in our atmosphere as well. The workers are cutting trees that actually help stop global warming because the trees are taking in carbon dioxide that we exhale and other chemical that release by the factories to the atmosphere. Even, our own transportation that getting us around are contribute global warming as well. Gasses from cars, airplane, train, busses and other are releasing

polluted gasses into the air heating up the ozone layers that held the sun light and U.V ray penetrate to the earth surface causing the temperature to rise. Even though if all the carbon dioxide be imported to the atmosphere and other factors that contributing to the global warming stop, and this not nearly stop the earth from getting warmer. So this is up to us to come with the solution to slow down this process before the fake start to end our life on the earth today. Can the earth be resembled as the steamy planet that the dinosaur can extinction from. We will be just like them and die out because they couldnt take the heat. Researcher said that human being will not live and survive the increase of heat cause by global warming if this keep going on. But we cannot come out with the solution to slow down the process. Due to the dangerous effect there is no way human can endure dreadful heat, the deadly storm and be able to survive without fresh water. The fresh water will be extinct in 2100. Chances to solve global warming means that we need to invest clean energy, green job and smart green solution. There is the expert had come out with to get it started. 1. Set limit on global warming pollution 2. Invest in green job and clean energy 3. Drive smart car 4. Clean green home and builders 5. Build better communities in transportation network The question is will this plan will slow down the process of global warming? Global warming is in the point situation that made upon our future. What we going to do to start slowing the process of global warming. Human beings are the reason why we have global warming occurs now. That why we human had to clean up this mess that we made and stop global warming in a hurry before it stop us.