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MATS1101 (Model Class Test questions) Chemistry Section (Chem Topics 1&2 only) Attempt ALL of the following

questions by marking the Answer Sheet provided. 1) Which of the following statements concerning carbon is incorrect? a) b) c) d) e) A mole of 12C weighs exactly 12.000 g An atom of 13C has 6 protons and 7 neutrons in its nucleus A mole of 13C contains 6.02 x 1023 atoms An atom of 12C weighs exactly 12.011 amu Naturally occurring carbon is mainly composed of 12C

2)

The pair of elements most likely to form an ionic compound is: a) b) c) d) e) P and Cl Zn and Na Cl and Ba C and S Al and P

3)

Which of the following does not describe some type of hydrogen species? a) b) c) d) e) 1 electron, 1 proton, 1 neutron 2 electron, 1 proton, 2 neutron 1 electron, 2 proton, 1 neutron 1 electron, 1 proton, 0 neutron 0 electron, 1 proton, 0 neutron

4)

Which of the following statements regarding water is incorrect? a) b) c) d) e) Water is a polar molecule The water molecule has two non-bonding pairs of electrons The water molecule has two bonding pairs of electrons Water has a V-shaped structure Water has a tetrahedral-shaped structure

5)

Which of the following statements regarding assigning oxidation numbers to elements in compounds is incorrect? a) b) c) d) e) Hydrogen always has oxidation number +1 Oxygen always has oxidation number 2, except in peroxides Fluorine always has oxidation number 1 Lithium always has oxidation number +1 Chlorine always has oxidation number 1, except when bonded to more electronegative elements

6)

Which group of elements is arranged in order of increasing electronegativity? a) b) c) d) e) Li, Na, Rb O, F, Ne H, He, Li I, Br, Cl Ne, F, O

7)

The substance in which Cl has the highest oxidation number is: a) b) c) d) e) Cl ClO3 HOCl KClO4 Cl2

8)

In the following reaction, which statement is correct? 5 H2O2 (aq) + 2 MnO4 (aq) + 6 H+ (aq) ! 2 Mn2+ (aq) + 8 H2O (l) + 5 O2 (g) a) b) c) d) e) H is oxidised and Mn is reduced O is oxidised and Mn is reduced Mn is oxidised and H is reduced O is reduced and Mn is oxidised O is oxidised and H is reduced

9)

A particular compound was found experimentally to be composed of: C 73.17%, H 7.39%, and O 19.44% by mass. What is its Empirical Formula? a) b) c) d) e) C3H5O2 C4H6O2 C5H6O C6H6O C8H4O2

10)

Which additional piece of information is required to convert the Empirical Formula found in Q.9 into the Molecular Formula? a) b) c) d) e) The chemical yield The weight of the sample The type of bonding present The molar mass The isotopic composition

11)

How many grams of SO3 can be prepared by burning sulphur (24.0 g) in O2 (8.0 g)? a) b) c) d) e) 13.3 g 20.3 g 10.7 g 16.8 g 11.2 g

12)

The composition of natural carbon is 98.892% carbon-12 (12.00000 a.m.u.) and 1.1080% carbon-13 (13.00335 a.m.u.). Calculate the atomic mass of natural carbon. a) b) c) d) e) 12.000 12.011 12.056 12.892 13.003

13)

Which is the correct name for KClO4? a) b) c) d) e) Potassium chloride Potassium hypochlorite Potassium chlorite Potassium chlorate Potassium perchlorate

14)

Which of the following reactions is not a redox reaction? a) b) c) d) e) Fe2O3 + 3 CO Zn + 2 HCl CO + H2O 2 NaOH + CuSO4 CH2=CH2 + H2 ! ! ! ! ! 2 Fe + 3 CO2 ZnCl2 + H2 CO2 + H2 Cu(OH)2 + Na2SO4 CH3CH3

15)

Which one of the following series of substances can be described as being isoelectronic? a) b) c) d) e) Cl, Br, I P3, K+, Ca2+ He, Ne, Ar P3, O2, Ne O2, S2, Se2

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H
5 6 7 8 9 4.003 10

The Periodic Table


He B
10.81 13 12.01 14 14.01 15 16.00 16 19.00 17 20.18 18

1.008 3

Li Al
25 26 27 28 29 30 26.98 31 28.09 32 30.97 33 32.07 34 35.45 35 39.95 36

Be Si Ge
72.59 50 74.92 51 78.96 52 79.90 53 83.80 54

C P As Sb
121.8 83

N S Se Te
127.6 84 210Po

O Cl Br I Xe Kr Ar

Ne

6.941 11

9.012 12

Na Mn
55.85 44 58.93 45 58.69 46 63.55 47 65.39 48 69.72 49 54.94 43 99T c

Mg Fe Ru
102.9 77 106.4 78 107.9 79 112.4 80 114.8 81 118.7 82

22.99 19

24.31 20

21

22

23

24

K Rh Ir
192.2 195.1 197.0 200.6 204.4 207.2 209.0

Ca Pd Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Ag Cd In Sn

Sc

Ti

Cr

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

39.10 37

40.08 38

44.96 39

47.88 40

50.94 41

52.00 42

Rb Re
186.2 190.2

Sr Os

Zr

Nb

Mo

85.47 55

87.62 56

88.91 57

91.22 72

92.91 73

9 5 . 9 4 (98.91) 1 0 1 . 1 74 75 76

Cs

Ba

La

Hf

Ta

132.9 137.3 138.9 87 88 89 223Fr 226R a 227A c 60 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69

178.5

180.9

183.9

126.9 131.3 85 86 210A t 222R n

(210.0) (210.0) (222.0)

(223.0) (226.0) (227.0) 70 71

58

59

Ce
144.2 92 (144.9) 1 5 0 . 4 152.0 157.3 158.9 162.5 164.9

Pr

Nd

K EY
U
93 94 95 96 97 237N p 239Pu 243Am 247Cm 247Bk 98 252Cf

140.1

140.9

61 145Pm

Sm

Eu

Gd

Tb

Dy

Ho

Er
167.3

Tm
168.9

Yb
173.0

Lu
175.0

Atomic Number

90

Th

! C Symbol ! 1 2 . 0 1 Atomic Weight !

232.0

(231.0) 2 3 8 . 0

91 231Pa

99 100 101 102 103 252E s 257Fm 256Md 259N o 260Lr

(237.0) (239.1) (243.1) (247.1) (247.1) (252.1) (252.1) (257.1) (256.1) (259.1) (260.1)

( ) is the relative atomic mass of the most common radioactive isotope, the mass number of which is given as a superscri p t .