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Gauhati University Faculty of Engineering Revised Syllabus and course structure for BE Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering w.e.

f July 2006

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

Gauhati University

Gauhati University BE (Revised) course structure w.e.f. July 2006 Break up of total marks and weightage Marks Carried over Total marks Normal Lateral Normal Lateral entry entry entry entry 1100 10% 110 1200 10% 120 1150 20% 40% 230 460 1150 20% 20% 230 230 1150 70% 70% 805 805 1150 70% 70% 805 805 1200 100% 100% 1200 1200 1100 100% 100% 1100 1100 Total cumulative marks 4600 4600 % weight

Semester First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth

Break Up of BE course structure

1st Semester
Branch: Common to all branches Periods Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 Course No. PH101 CY102 MA103 CE104 HU105 Subject Physics-I Chemistry-I Mathematics-I Intro to Civil Engineering Eng Communication and Tech report Writing L 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 3 2 3 3 3 17 T 1 1 1 1 3 P Year: First year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 30 30 30 15 30 15 50 10 10 20 20 20 20 10 20 10 50 50 50 50 50 25 50 25 100 10 10 100 100 100 100 50 100 50 40 40 150 150 150 150 75 150 75 100 50 50

Credit 4 4 4 4 2 4 2 2 2 2

Practicals/Drawing/Design 6 CE106 Engineering Graphics-I 7 8 9 10 CS107 ME108 PH101L CY102L Introduction to Computing Workshop-I Physics-I Lab Chemistry-I Lab Total Total Periods: 38 CT: Class Test

15

Total Marks: 1100 TA: teachers assessment

Total Credits: 30 ESE: End Semester Exam

2nd Semester
Branch: Common to all branches Year: First year

Periods Sl. No. Course No. Subject L 3 3 3 2 2 3 T 1 1 1 P

Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 30 30 15 15 30 20 20 20 10 10 20 20 50 50 50 50 25 25 50 50 100 10 10 25 25 10 40 100 100 100 50 50 100 100 40 40 150 150 150 75 75 150 150 100 50 50 25 25 50

Credit 4 4 4 2 2 4 4 2 2 2 1 1 2

1 PH201 Physics-II 2 CY202 Chemistry-II 3 MA203 Mathematics-II 4 ME204 Engg. Mechanics-I 5 CE205 Strength of Materials 6 EE206 Basic Electrical Engg -I Practicals/Drawing/Design 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ME207 ME208 PH201L CY202L ME204L CE205L EE206L Engineering Graphics-II Workshop-II Physics-II Lab Chemistry-II Lab Engg Mech-I Lab Strength of Materials Lab Basic Electrical Engg-I Lab Total Total Periods: 40

1 4 3 3 3 2 2 3

30 50 10 10 15 15 10

10 10

16

20

Total Marks: 1200 TA: teachers assessment

Total Credits: 34

CT: Class Test ESE: End Semester Exam

3rd Semester
Theory Sessional Practicals/ Drawing General Proficiency Total :6 X 100 = 600 :6 X 50 = 300 : 4 X 50 = 200 : 50 :1150

Branch: ETE Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 Periods Course No. MA301 CS372 ET 363 ET 364 EE 345 Subject Mathematics-III Advanced Computing Network Theory-I Electronic Devices L 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 18 6 12 Total Credits: 34 ESE: End Semester Exam P

Year: Second year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 20 50 100 150 30 20 50 100 150 30 20 50 100 150 30 20 50 100 150 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 150 150 50 50 50 50 50

Credit 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2

Electrical Engg Materials 6 ME 305 Basic Thermodynamics Practicals/Drawing/Design Electronic Devices 7 ET 364L 8 ET 363L Network Theory-I Advanced Computing 9 CS 372L 10 ET 367 Mini Project General Proficiency 11 CH 307 Total Total Marks: 1150 TA: teachers assessment Total Periods: 36 CT: Class Test

4th Semester
Theory Sessional Practicals General Proficiency Total : 6.5 X 100 = 650 : 6.5 X 50 = 325 : 3 X 50 = 150 :25 :1150

Branch: ETE Periods Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 HU 403 Comm Skill Practicals/Drawing/Design 7 ET464L Electronic Circuits 8 ET465L Signals & Systems 9 EE455L Electrical Machines 10 CH 307 General Proficiency Total Total Marks: 1150 TA: teachers assessment Total Periods: 36 CT: Class Test Course No. MA401 ET 464 ET 465 ET 466 IE 651 HU 402 Subject Mathematics-IV Electronic Circuits Signals & Systems Network Theory-II Electrical Machines Sociology and Accountancy L 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 P

Year: Second year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 75 100 100 100 100 100 150 150 150 150 150 150 225

Credit 4 4 4 4 4 4

3 3 3 18 6 9

30 30 30

20 20 20

50 50 50 25

50 50 50 25

2 2 2 2

Total Credits: 32 ESE: End Semester Exam 6

5th Semester
Theory Sessional Practicals General Proficiency Total : 6 X 100 = 600 : 6 X 50 = 300 : 4 X 50 = 200 :50 :1150

Branch: ETE Sl. No. 1 2 Course No. ET 562 EE 543 Periods Subject L 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 18 6 12 P

Year: Third year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 20 50 100 150 30 20 50 100 150 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 100 100 150 150 150 150 50 50 50 50

Credit 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2

Digital Electronic Circuits Control System-I Instrumentation & 3 ET 564 Electronic Measurements 4 ET 565 Analogue Communication 5 ET 566 Power Electronics Economics and Principles 6 HU 501 of Management Practicals/Drawing/Design 7 ET 562L Digital Electronic Circuits Instrumentation & 8 ET 564L Electronic Measurements 9 ET565L Analogue Communication 10 EE 543L Control System-I 11 General Proficiency Total Total Marks: 1150 TA: teachers assessment

Total Periods: 36 CT: Class Test

Total Credits: 34 ESE: End Semester Exam 7

6th Semester
Theory Sessional Practicals General Proficiency Total : 6 X 100 = 600 : 6 X 50 = 300 : 4 X 50 = 200 :50 :1150

Branch: ET Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Course No. EE 641 ET 662 ET 663 ET 664 ET 665 ET 666 Periods Subject Electro Magnetic Field Digital communication Microprocessor And Embedded Ssytems Microwave Engineering Computer Communication Networks Data Structure L 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 18 6 12 Total Credits: 34 P

Year: Third year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 30 20 50 100 150 30 20 50 100 150 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 100 100 150 150 150 150 50 50 50 50

Credit 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2

Practicals/Drawing/Design 7 ET 662L Digital communication 8 ET 664L Microwave Engineering Microprocessor And 9 ET 663L Embedded Systems 10 ET 666 Data Structure 11 General Proficiency Total Total Marks: 1150 TA: teachers assessment Total Periods: 36

CT: Class Test

ESE: End Semester Exam 8

7th Semester
Theory Sessional Training Project Total : 6X100 = 600 : 6 X 75 = 450 : 50 : 100 :1200

Branch: ETE Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Course No. ET 761 ET 762 ET 763 ET 764 ET 765 ET 766 ET 767 ET 768 Periods Subject Analogue System Design Computer Architecture and Organization Digital Signal Processing Mobile Communication Elective-I Elective-II (Open) Training Project I Total Total Periods: 34 CT: Class Test L 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8 10 P

Year: Fourth year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks Total ESE Marks TA CT Total 50 25 75 100 175 50 50 50 50 50 25 25 25 25 25 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 175 175 175 175 175 50 * 100 **

Credit 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 4

18

Total Marks: 1200 TA: teachers assessment

Total Credits: 30 ESE: End Semester Exam

Electives: Elective I: IC Technology/Communication System engg./ Optimization techniques/ Micro Electro Mechanical Systems ElectiveII: Acoustics & Sound Engineering /Telecommunication switching and transmission System/Multimedia Theory and Applications * Training Report: 20 Marks Seminar cum Viva: 30 Marks ** TA: 40 Marks Report: 30 Marks Seminar cum Viva: 30 Marks

8th Semester
Theory Sessional Viva Project Total : 5 X 100 = 500 : 5 X 75 = 375 : 75 : 150 :1100

Branch: ETE Periods Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Course No. ET 861 ET 862 ET 863 ET 864 ET 865 ET 866 ET 868 Subject L 3 3 3 3 3 T 1 1 1 1 1 12 12 P TA Digital System Design Antenna and Wave Propagation VLSI technology Elective-III Elective-IV (open) Viva Project II Total Total Periods: 20 50 50 50 50 50

Year: Fourth year Evaluation Scheme Sessional Marks ESE CT 25 25 25 25 25 Total 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 Total Marks 175 175 175 175 175 75 150 ** Credit 4 4 4 4 4 2 8

15

Total Marks: 1100

Total Credits: 20

TA: teachers assessment CT: Class Test ESE: End Semester Exam Electives: Elective III: Digital Image Processing/Wireless Communications and Networking/Reliability Engg/ Statistical Signal Processing Elective IV: Optical Communication/Biomedical Engineering/Satellite Communication/Advanced Processor Architecture ** TA: 60 Marks Report: 40 Marks Presentation: 50 (Midsem: 25 Endsem: 25) 10

Detailed Syllabus First Semester

11

PH101 Physics-I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1 : General Physics Angular momentum, Relation between torque and angular momentum Simple harmonic motion, few examples, superposition Relation between elastic constants, Energy of strained body, torsional balance, Bending of beam, Cantilever Poisseullis formula, Stokes law, Bernoullis Equation Unit 2 : Heat 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes, Carnot engine, Otto cycle, Carnot theorem, reversible and irreversible process, entropy, entropy of perfect gas and steam, thermodynamic temperature scale, Black body radiation, Stefans law, Pyrometer. Optics Aberation in lenses, spherical aberration, remedy, chromatic aberration, achromatism, Interference Fresnel Biprism)

Unit 3: Electricity and Magnetism Gausss theorem and its applications, Poissons and Laplaces equation, Lorentz force, Biot savart law & amperes law, their application, L-C-R circuit. Dia, para and ferromagnetism, hysteresis. Laser (Basic principle and uses)

12

CY102 Chemistry-I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

Unit 1: General Chemistry 55 Marks Quantum ideas for discussing atomic and molecular structure- chemical bonding; Molecular and Crystal structure-Covalent inorganic and Organic Compounds, ionic solids; hybridization, close packing of atoms and ions. Insulator and conductorselectronic structure and properties of solids. Acid and bases- pH and pKa; Oxidation and Reduction, standard reduction Potential. Laws and application of thermodynamicsphase Rule, critical behavior of substances, Chemical kinetics , catalysis, Electrolytic conduction and electrolysis Unit 2:Electrochemistry 30 Marks Electrochemical Cells- EMF of a cell, Electrodes, reference electrodes, ion-selective electrodes, glass electrodes, Commercial electrochemical cells and batteries: batteriesproperties, classification, cell reactions and performance. Lead-acid battery, dry cell, Ni-cd battery, lithium battery, alkaline battery, Fuel cell. Corrosion and material oxidation: Chemical and electrochemical corrosion, pitting and water line corrosion, passivation of surfaces, protective measures against corrosionanodizing, galvanizing. Corrosion inhibition Unit3:Chemistry in Everyday life 15 Marks Chemistry and modern society- general aspects; plastics, reinforced plastics and rubbers as materials for the production of household goods; Polymers in medicine and surgery; batteries for powering domestic appliances; Paints and dyes, Lubricants; adhesives; soaps and detergents; Oils and fats, Elements of Nutritional Chemistry; drugs and cosmetics

13

MA103 Mathematics-I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1: Differential Calculus 30 Marks Successive derivatives, Leibnizs theorem, tangent and normal, derivative of arc length (Cartesian & Polar), Tailors Series and Maclaurins Series, expansion of functions, Asymptotes, curvature, curve tracing, Functions of two or more variables, Partial derivatives, Homogeneous function (Definition) Unit 2: Integral Calculus 30 Marks

Reduction formulae for indefinite integrals involving power of circular functions of x and Product of Sinm x Cos n x; Deduction of
/2
n sin xdx ; 0

/2

n cos xdx ; 0

/2

sin
0

x cos n xdx

Length of plane curves (Cartesian & Polar), Areas under Plane curves (Cartesian & Polar), Volume and surface area of solids of revolution of plane curves. Unit 3: Differential equations 28 Marks Solution of ordinary first order and first degree differential equation of the following forms: Homogeneous, reducible to homogeneous, Linear, reducible to linear, Exact, reducible to exact. ODE of 1st order but not of first degree, higher order linear equation with constant coefficients, Cauchys homogeneous linear equation, simultaneous linear equations with constant Co-efficient. Unit 4: Vector algebra Triple product of vector and their applications. Texts/ references: 1. Differential Calculus 2. Integral Calculus Ltd B. 3. Calculus 4. A Text book of Vector algebra 5. A text book of Engineering Maths 12 Marks

B.C. Das & B.N. Mukhejee B. C. Das & U. N Dhar & Sons Pvt James Stewart: Thomson books Shanti Narayan: S. Chand & CO. N.P Bali, Dr. N. Ch. Narayan Iyenger Laxmi Publication.

14

CE104 Introduction to Civil Engineering Theory: 100 Sessional:50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1: Marks 50

I. Building Material Historical development of Building Materials, Structural properties and classification.Properties and use (manufacturing process not required). Ferrous Metals- Cast Iron, Wrought Iron, Steel. Non- Ferrous Metals- Aluminium, Lead, Copper. Alloys- Brass, Bronze, Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Common Materials- Stone, Sand. Lime, Bricks. Tiles. Cement. Timber. Plastics. Paints. Glass. Materials Used for Damp proofing, Termite Proofing. Fire Protection. Thermal insulation, Acoustic Treatment. Road works. II. Building Construction Development of construction, Order of Architechire, Modem Architechire. Types of Buildings. Components of Building (Assam type. R.C.C.). Water Supply, Sanitary and Electrical works in Buildings. Fire and Earthquake safety in Building. Unit 2: Marks 50 I. Surveying Definition-Classification-General Principles Basic terms, Use of Survey. Linear measurement-chain and tape- types- errors and correction, Numerical exercises. Angular measurement using compass, Bearing & Meridian-types, measurement and computation. declination. Traversing with compass-closed & open, measurement and numerical exercise. Introduction to Leveling, definition of basic terms, Level Book, entries, observation and reduction of Levels. Numerical problems. Introduction to modem surveying equipments & techniques e.g., EDM & Total Station, Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (Just indicative introduction), GPS. II. Highway Engineering: Classification of roads in India. Ideal cross-section and related terms with sketches. Types of pavements- flexible, rigid and semirigid. Introduction to Earth, Gravel, WBM and Bituminous road. Traffic control mechanisms- Divider, rotary, Road Sign. Books: Building Materials: Building materials: S K Duggal Building materials: Rangwalla Building Construction: Building Construction: B C Punmia Estimation: Estimating and Costing(Civil engg) by G S Birdie Surveying: Surveying and leveling: N N Basak; Tata McGraw Hill pub co. Surveying, Vol-I: Dr K R Arora Surveying Vol-II: Dr B C Punmia Highway Engg by S K Khanna, CEG Josto; Nem Chand & Bros. 15

HU105 English Communication and Technical Report Theory: 50 Sessional:25 Time: 1 1/2 hours

Unit 1: Grammar and Usage: 1. i.. Sentence structures, ii. Tenses, iii. Determiners, iv. Negatives, v. Question patterns, vi. Narration, vii. Voice, viii. Phrases and Idioms, ix.Conjunctives and Relatives, x. Commands, requests obligation etc, xi.Adverbials, xii. Prepositions, xiii. Punctuations.

25 Marks

2.

i. Composition and Comprehension. ii. Letter writing/ Paragraph writing or precis. 3. Poetry: a). Shakespeare by Matthew Arnold b). The Road not Taken - Robert Frost. 4 Prose: a) The White Stocking - D.H. Lawrence b) The Devoted Sons- Anita Desai Books recommended: 1. Modem English Grammar and Usage- N. Krishnaswamy. (Macmillan) 2. A Remedial English Grammar for Foreign students- Wood (Macmillan). 3. A Practical English Grammar- Thomson & Martinet, O.U.P, 4. Read to Understand - Donald Dallas, O U. P. 5. For Prose and Poetry- Selections from English Poems and stories; Bhaskar Publications Unit 2: Technical Report Writing: 25 Marks

(1). Principles of professional communication and /Technical Report writing: classification of Technical reports; Structure and parts of technical Reports. (2). Mechanics of presentation of Technical Information, Forms, content and Language: General Procedure of Technical Report writing, Planning, Collection and Drafting.

Sessionals: 1 .Class test on Grammer and Usage. 2. Home Assignments on Technical Report writing.

25 marks:

16

CE106 Engineering Graphics-I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 4 hours Unit 1: Drawing instruments Handling and use. Unit 2: Lines and 1ettering Types, thickness, shades dimensioning, familiarity with relevant IS codes. Unit 3: Scales Reducing and increasing scales, representative fraction, types of scales-plain, diagonal, comparative, vernier and scale of chords. Unit 4: Curves used in engineering practices Conic Section-ellipse, parabola and hyperbola normals and tangents to conic sections, cycloids, trocoid, epicycloids. hypocycloids. epetrochoid. hypotrachoid involutes. archemedian, spiral, logarithmic spiral, helix. Unit 5: Projections Various types, orthographic projections. IS specifications, projection of points in different quadrants. Unit 6: Projection of line Inclined one plane and parallel to other. Inclined to both planes, contained by a plane perpendicular to both planes, true length of a line and its inclination to refrence plane, traces of a line. Unit 7: Projection of a plane Traces of a plane, projection when a linear edge on the plane makes a given angle, the plane figure makes given angles, a line or edge and plane figure makes object angles. oblique planes. Unit 8: Projection of solids Simple solids in different positions, axis perpendicular to a plane axis parallel to both planes, axis parallel to one plane and inclined to the other, axis inclined to both planes. axis or edges makes given angles the face of a solid makes given angles, spheres. sections of solids. Unit 9: Development of surfaces Simple cases. Books: Elementary Engineering drawing; N D Bhatt, Pradeep Publications Engineering Drawing; M B Shah, B C Rana, Pearson education

17

CS107 Introduction to Computing Practical: 50 Sessional:25

Unit 1: Introduction Concept of hardware, software and firmware. Introduction to computer devices such as keyboard, mouse, printers, disk, floppies, memory devices, I/O devices, file system etc. Concept of operating system.

Unit 2: Program Development and Programming Languages Brief discussion on different types of programming languages. Definition of algorithm and computer programming. Introduction to C++ language, Programming in C++ language, identifiers, data types, operators in C++ language. Header and Library files. Simple program using assignment statements. Projects. Unit 3: Flow Charts Use of Flow Charts. Symbols and their uses.

Unit 4: Conditional Control statements if, nested if, switch-case etc. Unit 5: Loop Control statements for, while, do-while etc. Unit 6: Arrays Definition and example of arrays. Single dimension and multi dimensional arrays. Unit 7: Functions Type of functions, function definition, function prototype, declaration, function calling. Formal argument & actual argument. Parameter passing technique, UDF & Library function. Recommended Books: 1. Programming in C (Tata MeGrew Hill) Gotterfried 2. C in depth (bpb) S K Srivastava. 3. Programming in C (Tata McGraw Hill) E Balaguruswamy. 4. Introduction to C Programming .Jayashree.

18

Detailed Syllabus Second Semester

19

PH201 Physics-II Theory: 100 Sessional:50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1: Optics DiffractionSingle slit, transmission grating Polarization, double refraction, Nichols prism Unit 2: Acoustics Accoustics of buildings, Sabines formula, Sound recording and reproduction, Ultrasonics. Unit 3: X-Ray & Solid State Physics X-ray Spectra, Moseleys law, Space lattice, Unit cell, Miller indices, Origin of energy bands, classification of solids. Unit 4: Atomic Physics Vector atom model, Paulis exclusion principle Natural and artificial radioactivity, Nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, Nuclear reactor. Unit 5: Quantum Mechanics Failure of classical concepts, De- Broglie hypothesis, Uncertainty principles, Wave Packets. Phase and Group velocities. Unit 6: Special theory of Relativity Gallilean Transformation, Lorentz transformation, Length contraction and time dilation. Unit 7: Electronics Characteristics of Triode, Valve, Triode as amplifier and oscillator, Basic iransistor Circuit. Books: for Physics-I and Physics-II 1. Engineering Physics P V. Naik. 2. Engineering Physics - Uma Mukherjee. 3. Engineering Physics - R. K. Gaur & S. Gupta. 4. A Text Book on Engineering Physics B. L. Theraja. 5. Physics- part I & II Resnick Haliday. 6. A Treatise on Heat Saha & Srivastava. 7. General properties of matter D. S. Mathur. 8. Principles of acoustics Basudev Ghosh. 9. Introduction to special Relativity J. H. Smith. 10. Introduction to Special Relativity Robert Resnick. II. Electricity & Electronics D. C. Tayal. 12. Electricity & Magnetism Brijial & Subramanayam. 13. Quantum Mechanics Powell & Craseman. 14. Quantum Mechanics Pauling & Wilson.

20

CY202 Chemistry-II Theory: 100 Sessional:50 Time: 3 hours

Unit 1: Organic-inorganic Compounds and Combustion of fuels 50 marks Organic Compounds and their importance: - Synthetic and Natural Polymers- formation, properties and applications, biodegradability of polymers; conductive polymers. Carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins. Natural products and ideas about their isolation and characterization Elementary ideas about co-ordination and organometallic compounds, their properties and applications Introduction to bio-organic and bio-inorganic chemistry Combustion- heat of reaction, calculation of energy changes in chemical reactions. Unit 2: Materials and their properties 25 marks Introduction to magnetic, electrical and optical properties of materials. Glasses and plastics; Electronic materials- semiconductors and superconductors- applications. Ceramics and refractories;Zeolites and clays- structure and applications. Cements- composition, setting and hardening of cement. Composites- composition, strength and durability; dielectrics. Organic materials- Liquid crystals Introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology Unit 3: Biochemistry and Biotechnology 25 Marks Principles and selected aspects of biochemical phenomena. Introduction to biotechnology- connections with chemistry. Applications of computers and information technology; drugs their discovery and action- bioinformatics and cheminformatics

21

MA203 Mathematics-II Theory: 100 Sessional:50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1: Differential Calculus25 Marks Eulers Theorem on homogeneous function, derivatives of Composite functions, total derivatives, Jacobians, Taylors theorem for a function of two variables, Maxima & Minima, Lagranges method of undetermined multipliers, Errors and approximations, Tangent Plane and normal to a surface. Unit 2: Integral Calculus 25 Marks Differentiation under integral sign (Leibnizs rule), multiple integrals, Areas and Volumes by double and triple integrals, Improper integrals, Beta and Gama functions. Unit 3: Vector Calculus 25 Marks Differentiation of vector functions, scalar and vector fields, gradient of a Scales functions, directional derivative, Divergence and curl of a vector point function, physical interpretation of gradient, divergence and curl, properties of grad, div & curl; Repeated operation by ; Integrations of vector functions, Line, surface and Volume integrals, Theorems of Gauss, Stokes and Green. Unit 4: Fourier series 10 Marks Fourier series expansion of f ( x) in c x c 2 , Dirichlets conditions, Fourier series for discontinuous functions, change of intervals, half range series. Unit 5: Analytical solid geometry 15 Marks Straight lines, coplanar lines and the equations of the common plane, shortest distance between two skew lines, sphere and circle, standard equations cone, cylinder, conicoids. Texts/ References: 1. Advanced Engg Maths 2. ,, 3. A Text book on Engg Maths 4. Higher Engg Maths 5. Calculus

E. Kreyszig Peter V. ONeil Bali, lyenger B. S. Grewal James Stewart

Wiley eastern Ltd Thomson Books Laxmi Publication Khanna Publishers Thomson Books

22

ME 204 Engineering Mechanics-I Theory: 50 Sessional:25 Time: 1 1/2 hours

Unit 1: Forces and Moments Force, Moment and Couple, Resultant of forces, Forces in space. Equilibrium, FBD , General equations of equilibrium, Analysis of forces in perfect frames. Brief introduction to vector approach. Unit 2: Center of gravity and moment of inertia Center of gravity of axes, volume and composite bodies: Area moment of inertia and mass moment of inertia for plane figures and bodies. Unit 3: Friction Introduction to dry friction. laws of friction, friction of simple machines- inclined planes, Screw jacks. Unit 4: Kinetics of rigid bodies Plane motion, force, mass. acceleration. work and energy. Impulse and momentum, rotational motion ,- centrifugal force. torque, angular motion and acceleration, angular momentum, Virtual work Reference books: 1) Engineering Mechanics - by S Timoshenko & D H Young. McGrow Hill Int. 2) Engineering Mechanics by R S Khurmi. S Chand & Co. 3) Engineering Mechanics by R K Bansal. Laxmi Publication (P) Ltd 4) Engineering Mechanics -- by K L Kumar. McGrow Hill Publishing Co. 5) Engineering Mechanics by Hibbler

23

CE 205 Strength of Material Theory: 50 Sessional:25 Time: 1 1/2 hours

Unit 1: Simple stress and strain Tensile, compressive and shear stress, Hooks law. Youngs modulus, Poissons ratio, elastic constants and their relationship. Unit 2: Generalized stress and strain Analysis of plane stress and plane strain, Mohrs circle of stress and strain. Unit 3: Beam Definition of bending moment and shear force. Simple problem of bending stress and shear stress in different sections. Unit 4: Hoop stress Thin cylinders and thin shells. Unit 5: Torsion Torque. Shear stress, Power transmission, Strength of shaft or torsional rigidity, Combined bending & torsion. Unit 6: Columns and struts Elastic buckling concept, theory of crippling load for different end conditions, crippling load, slenderness ratio, Eulers Formula.

Books: 1. Strength of materials: S Ramamrutham; Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company 2. A Text Book of Strength of Materials.; Dr R K Bansal; Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd. 3. Strength of materials; L C Singal and N D sharma; Modern Publishers 4. Strength of Materials; L S Srinath, Prakash Desayi, N srinivasa Murthy, sanatha Ramu 5. strength of Materials, S Subramanian; Oxford University Press

24

EE 206 Basic Electrical Engineering-I Theory: 100 Sessional:50 Practical:50 Time: 3 hours Unit 1: DC networks Definitions of active, passive, linear non- linear circuit elements and networks. Kirchoffs laws. Nodal and mesh analysis. Voltage and current sources. . Network theorems superposition. Thevenins, Nortons and maximum power transfer. Unit 2: Single phase AC circuits Waveforms of alternating voltages and currents, instantaneous, average and rms values, form factor and peak factor, forms of representation of alternating quantities, concept of phasor and phasor diagrams, concept of lead and lag, reactances and impedances, AC circuits- resistive, inductive, capacitive, R-L, R-C and R-L-C, series, parallel and series-parallel combinations, impedence triangle, admittance, active and reactive power and power factor. Unit 3: Magnetic circuits Definitions of mmf, flux, flux-density and reluctance, comparison between electric and magnetic circuits, series, parallel and series-parallel circuits and their solutions, energy stored in a magnetic circuit, lifting magnets, electromagnetic induction, self and mutual inductance, hysteresis and eddy current losses. Unit 4: Three-phase AC circuits Concept of three-phase AC , connections, phase and line values in star and delta connections, solutions of simple 3-ph balanced circuits with resistive and reactive loads, 3-ph power, phase sequence. Unit 5: Instruments Classification of instruments, essentials of indicating type instruments- deflecting torque, controlling torque, damping, types of indicating instruments, MC and MI type ammeters and voltmeters, extension of range- use of shunts and multiplier, errors and compensation. Unit 6: Basics of electrical installations Domestic wirings, types of cables (names only), types of wiring eg. Cleat, CTS, conduit, metal sheathed, casing and capping; circuit layouts- single- phase AC mains to DB; 3ph connections; accessories, main switch, ceillng rose, fuse, MCB etc. Testing of a wiring installation, the Megger; earthing Purpose and methods; lamps -filament, fluoroscent tube and its connection and operation. Indian Electricity Rules regarding electrical installation. Unit 7: Electronics 25

The pn junction diode. V-I characteristics under forward and reverse bias conditions; avalanche breakdown. Diode as a rectifier- half wave and full wave rectifier circuits; ripples in output waveform- ripple factor; introduction to filters. The zener diode and its application as voltage regulator. Recommended books: There are numerous recently published text books on Basic Electrical engineering. The names of some are given below, but the list could be longer. Several books should be consulted while teaching the subject. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Basic Electrical Engineering Basic Eloctrical Engineering B. E.E .. science Electro Technology Nagrath -----Mittle Sahadev and Rana. Cotton.

A Text book of Electrical Technology Theraja.

26

ME 207 Engineering Graphics-II Theory 100 Sessional 50 Unit 1: Principles of graphics Review of scales, lines, Dimensioning, placing of dimensions, arrangement of dimensions. common features of dimensions, conventional representations of different materials. Unit 2: Orthographic projection Orthographic projection of standard machine elements. conversion of pictorial views into Orthographic views and vive-versa (1st and 3rd angle projection systems). Sectional views. Unit 3: Isometric projection Isometric axes and scales, isometric projection of plane figures, cube prism, pyramids, cylinder, Cone, sphere. Charts, graphs. monograms, semilong and double-long graphs, Rectilinear charts, flowchart. Unit 4:Perspective projection Visual ray method, Vanishing point method, Perspective projection of simple objects. Unit 5:Graphical representations of information Bar charts, Pie charts. rectilinear chart.triangular chart, polar charts. semi-log and loglog graphs. Nomography, Concurrency chars, alignment charts. BIS and ISO conversion. Unit 6: Free hand sketches Sketches of common machine elements, Pictorial 3D sketches Reference Books: I. Engineering drawing by N D Batt 2. Machine drawing by N D Batt

27

Detailed Syllabus Third Semester

28

MA301 Mathematics III Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 50 marks Time: 3 hrs Unit I: Linear Algebra 40 Marks

Some special type of matrices like Symmetric and skew-Symmetric, Hermitian and skewHermitian, Idempotent, Nilpotent, Involuntary, Orthogonal, Unitary and their properties. Triangular and Echelon form. Pivote elements, Trace, Differentiation and Integration of matrices. Inverse of a matrix. Theorems on inverse, elementary operations and elementary matrices, equivalent matrices, computation of inverse by elementary transformation. Reduction of matrices to triangular form and normal form. Inverse by partitioning. Rank of a matrix, evaluation of rank, theorems on rank. Vector spaces and subspaces, linear independence, basis and dimension, row space, column space, null space, left null space, row rank, column rank, equality of row and rank of a matrix. Solution of a system of non-homogenous linear equations, solution of system of homogenous linear equations. Consistency of a system of linear equations. Orthogonality, inner products, orthogonal vectors, orthogonal matrices, Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization.

Unit 2: Statistics

40 Marks

Probability, probability distributions and characteristics. Dispersion, skewness and kurtosis, random experiments and sample space. Definition of probability. Laws of probability, Bayes theorem, random variables. Probability distributions of a distcrete random variable, Mean and Variance of a discrete random variable. Probability distribution of a continuous random variable. Expectation and moments. Binomial distribution, Poissons distribution and Normal distribution. Elementary sampling theory. Sampling with and without replacement. Sampling distribution of mean proportion, sum and difference. Central limit theorem. Statistical estimate theory. Biased and un-biased estimates, efficient estimate, point and interval estimates. Confidence limits for the estimates of mean, proportion, difference and sum. Statistical decision theory. Statistical hypothesis. Null hypothesis. Test of significance involving normal distribution. Unit 3: Laplace-Transformation 20 Marks

Laplace transformation of elementary functions, inverse Laplace transform, Linearity, Laplace transform of derivatives and integrals, shifting Theorems, Laplace transform of unit step function, Dirac-delta function, Differentiation and integration of transforms, convolution, Application to differential equations.

29

Texts/References: 1. Advanced Engg. Maths, E. Kreyszig. Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. Advanced Engg. Maths, Peter V. O. Neil. Thomson Books. 3. A Text Book on Engg. Maths, Bali, Tyenger. Laxmi Publishers. 4. Higher Engg. Maths, B.S. Grewal. Khanna Publishers. 5. Linear Algebra and its Applications, Gilbert Strang. Thomson Books. 6. Linear Algebra, K. H. Hoffmaan. Prantice Hall. 7. Probability, Statistics & Queuing Theory, P. Kandasamy, K. Thilagavathi & K. Gunavathi. S. Chand. 8. Introduction to Probability & Statics, P. L. Meyer. Addison-Wesley.

30

ET 363 Network Theory-I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Ohms law and Kirchoffs laws Application of the laws to circuit analysis; Mesh and Nodal method for formulation of network equations; Matrix methods of solving loop and node equations. Sinusoidal Voltages and Currents Representation in frequency domain; The phasor concept; Impedance, Admittance and their phasor diagram, Steady state response. Network Theorems Star and Delta conversion, Thevenins and Nortons Theorem, Superposition and Maximum power transfer Theorem, Compensation Theorem, Reciprocity Theorem, Telegans Theorem. Fourier Analysis of Periodic Waveforms Trigonometric and exponential series, Line spectrum, Analysis of common waveforms, Symmetry, R.M.S. value. Two port Network General principles; Z,Y and hybrid parameters, ABCD parameters, Network in tandem. Transient Phenomena Forcing functions--- impulse, step and ramp waveforms, solution of simple circuits using Laplace Theorem. Coupled Circuits Resonance- Series and parallel; Q factor; Analytical procedure for solving coupled circuits, Mutual Inductance, Co efficient of coupling; single tuned and double tuned circuits, Effects of over coupling and selectivity curves; Ideal transformer.

31

ET 364 Electronic Devices Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Conductors, Insulators and semiconductors Effect of temperature on the conduction of electricity. Charge carriers in metals. The bond model of silicon charge carriers in semiconductors. Impurities and the effect of doping. n-type and p-type materials. Carrier generation, recombination and excess carriers. Transport of carriers by drift and diffusion. P , DP and diffusion length. Built-in electric field. P-N Junction Graded and Abrupt junction approximations. Forward and reversed biased diodes. Injection of carriers. Analysis of the passage of current through a p-n junction. Asymmetrically doped junction. Rectification of a.c. as an example of application. The Bipolar Junction Transistor Construction. The currents in a BJT and their relationship. Analysis of IC - VCE characteristics. The Ebers-Moll equations. The Early effect and a dc model for the BJT. Biasing and the analysis of a simple amplifier. Small Signal Model Small Signal Model of the BJT. The hybrid model. Introduction to the Charge controlled model (Gummel-Poon). High frequency model. The MOSFET Construction. Analysis of ID VDS characteristics. A dc model. Small Signal Model. High frequency model. Text Books/references: 1. P.E. Gray and C.L. Searle-Electronic principles. John Wiley and Sons. 2. S.M. Sze- Physics of Semiconductor Devices. Willey Eastern.

32

CS 372 Advanced Computing Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Concepts of Pointers Pointer types- their uses - dynamic memory allocation techniques - garbage collection - singly linked list - generic pointers. Files Files, opening- closing reading and writing- File attributes, File management Basics of Object Oriented Programming(OOP) Introduction to OOP- difference between OOP and procedure oriented programming Classes, Objects and Methods Overview of Inheritance and Polymorphism. Object Oriented Design Trends in software design- Notation of objects- Hybrid design method- Separation of responsibilities Responsibility driven design- design phases and tools- step by step design Grady Booch approach. Data abstraction Class definition Control access to other functions Different types of constructors Destructors Objects and classes Dynamic creations and destructions of objects. Inheritance Derived classes Syntax of derived classes access to the base class - overloading inherited member functions Multiple inheritance Virtual base class virtual function and Polymorphism: Static and dynamic bindings Virtual functions. Polymorphism Overloading functions and operators- Run time polymorphism Overloading new and delete operators. Generic classes in C++/JAVA Necessities of templates Generic class using Macros Class templates Function templates Advance templates. Exception Handing in C++. Benefits of exception handling Troubles with standard C functions(setjmp amd long jmp) Proposed Exception handling mechanism for C++. Text Books and References: 1. Object Oriented Programming by Barkataki, PHI 2. Object Oriented Programming with C++ by E. Balaguruswamy, TMH. 3. Object Oriented Programming in Turbo C++ by R. Lafore, Galgotia, New Delhi 4. Object Oriented Analysis and Design with applications by Grady Booch, Benjamin/Cummings Publishing. 5. thinking in C- including Object Oriented Programming with C++ by P.B. Mahapatra, Wheeler Publishing

33

EE 345 Electrical Engineering Materials Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Structure of solids Crystalline state of solids, systems and classes, Unit cell and space lattice, BCC, DC structure, Braggs Law, Miller indices, Crystal imperfections, Grain boundaries Dielectrics (i)Properties of static field: Static dielectric constant , polarization , dielectric constant of monoatomic gases and polyatomic molecules, internal fields in solids and liquids, ferro electric materials, spontaneous polarization, piezo electricity. (ii) Properties in alternating fields: Frequency dependence of electronic , ionic, polarizability, complex dielectric constant, dielectric loss, dipolar relaxation, break down in dielectrucs. General properties of common dieletrics( Electrical, Mechanical, Chemical and Thermal). Gaseous dielectrics, liquid insulating materials, solid insulating materials, films. Magnetic properties of materials Magnetization, Origin of permanent magnetic dipole movement, classification of magnetic materials, Dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri magnetism, magnetic anisotropy, magnetostriction soft and hard magnetic materials for electrical applications. Conductors Electron gas model of a metal , Relaxation time, collision time, mean free path, electron scattering and resistivity, heating effect of current, thermal conductivity, superconductivity, electrical conducting materials(Cu, Al) and their application. Mechanical properties like corrosion, solid crability, contact resistance. Semiconductor Density of carriers and intrinsic semiconductor and in N-type and P-type semiconductor, conductivity, Hall effect, drift and diffusion current, Einstein Relation. Books: 1 2 Electrical engineering material by Dekker A. J(PHI) A course in Electrical engineering material by Seth and Gupta

34

ME 305 Basic Thermodynamics Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

System and Continuum Intensive and Extensive properties- Thermodynamic state, pressure, energy, work and heatprocess and cycle- Macroscopic and Microscopic point of view- Kinetic theory of gases. Laws of thermodynamics Zeroth law- Concept of equilibrium- Principles of thermometry- Fixed points. First law of thermodynamics and its application to open and closed systems- Concept of internal energy- Steady Flow energy equation-Processes of closed systems. Second Law of thermodynamics- Various statements- Carnot cycle-Irreversible and Reversible processes-Thermodynamic efficiency and temperature scales- Concept of entropy- Entropy changes in various processes. Properties of steam Latent heat-Saturation pressure and temperature- Dryness fraction- Degree of superheatTotal heat; Rankines cycles. Air Standard cycles Otto, Diesel- Principles of working and description of two- and four stroke SI and engines- Representations of processes on T-S and PV diagrams. CI

Fuels and combustion Classification of fuels; HCV, LCV, Bomb calorimeter, Boys Gas Calorimeter ; Combustion of fuels; Minimum air required (by width and by volume); Conversion of volumetric analysis into weight analysis and vice versa. Excess air and Orsat apparatus.

Books: 1. Engineering Thermodynamics by P.K Nag. 2. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Cengel and Boles. 3. Thermodynamics by Radhakrishnan.

35

Detailed Syllabus Fourth Semester

36

MA 401 Mathematics IV Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

Unit 1: Series Solutions

25 Marks

Power series solution of initial value problems, Power series solution using recurrence relations, singular points and the method of Frobenius, solution of Bessels equation and Bessels functions, solution of Legendres equation and Legendre Polynomials, orthogonal set of functions, Strum-Liouville Problem, eigen values and eigen functions of singular problems, Bessels functions as eigen functions of singular problem, Legendre Polynomials as eigen functions of singular problems, eigen function expansions. Unit 2: Partial Differential Equations 25 Marks

Basic concepts, formation of partial differential equations, equation solvable by direct integration, linear and non-linear equations of first order. Homogenous linear equations with constant coefficients, solutions of heat equations, wave equations, transmission line equations and Laplace equations. Unit 3: Tensor Analysis 20 Marks

Curvilinear coordinates, unit vectors in curvilinear system, representation of as vector F in terms of unit base vectors, contravariant and covariant components of F, arc length and volume element in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates. Transformations of coordinates. Definition of tensors, fundamental operations with tensors, Symmetric and skew-Symmetric tensors, Riemannian space and metric tensor, Conjugate tensor, Christoffel symbols. Unit 4: Calculus of Complex Variables 20 Marks

Analytic functions, C-R equations, conjugate functions, Harmonic functions, orthogonal systems. Formation of analytic functions, conformal mapping, integration of a complex functions, Cauchys Integral Theorem, power series representation of complex functions, Laurents Series, singularities, Residue Theorem. Unit 5: Z-Transform 10 Marks

Definition, properties, Z-transform of some basic sequences, Z-transforms of some basic discrete functions, Shifting theorems. Text books and References: 1. Advanced Engg. Maths, E. Kreyszig. Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. Advanced Engg. Maths, Peter V. O. Neil. Thomson Books. 3. A Text Book on Engg. Maths, Bali, Tyenger. Laxmi Publishers. 37

4. Higher Engg. Maths, B.S. Grewal. Khanna Publishers. 5. Linear Algebra and its Applications, Gilbert Strang. Thomson Books. 6. Calculus, James Stewart. Thomson Books. 7. Laplace Transform, Spiegel. Thomson Books. 8. Elements of Partial Differential Equations, I. M. Snedon. S. Chand and Co. 9. Text book of Vector Calculus by Shanti Narayan, S. Chand and Co. 10. Function of Complex Variables by Shanti Narayan, S. Chand and Co.

38

HU 402 Sociology and Accountancy Theory: 50 + 50 Sessional: 25 + 25 Time: 3 hours

Part A, Sociology and Industrial Relations

1. 2.

3. 4.

5. 6. 7.

8.

Concept of the state. Origin and development of the state, the individual and the state. Social instructions and social groups. Non-government Organizations and Panchayati Raj Institutions, local communities and alternate group characteristics, functions and purposes; Social structure. Social differentiation; Role status, Power and authority; social order and social problems. Social change: Meaning and nature of social change; factors affecting social change; Technology and social change; Social and economic displacement. Labour and Labour relations, Organized and unorganaised labour; Problems associated with labour. Absentism,labour turnover, displacement and obsolescence. Human resources: Meaning and development; Relations with industrial and economic needs, Industrial productivity. Worker's participation in Management. Man power planning: definition and objectives, Characteristics of man power planning. Man power demand and supply forecasting. Industrial disputes-settlement of industrial disputes, Trade unionism in India. Labour legislation in India- Indian Factories Act, 1948, Payment of Wages Act, 1936. workmens Compensation Act, 1923. Social security: concept of social security. Provision of social security in India.

Recommended Readings: 1. Rao, C.N. Sankara, Sociology 2. Sarma, R.N, Principles of Sociology. 3. Mukherjee, R.K, Indian Working Class. 4. Saxena, R.N, Labour Problems and Social Welfare

Part B. Accountancy

1. 2. 3. 4.

Dual aspects of Accounts, classification of Accounts, cardinal rules for Debit and credit, Journal, Ledger, Balancing of account Subsidiary Books, types of Cashbook, Imprest, Petty cash book, Bank reconciliation statement. Trial balance; Trading and Manufacturing account; Profit and Loss account; balance sheet with adjustments. Concepts of Capital expenditure and Revenue expenditure; Bad dedt and doubtful debt, Reverse capital and liabilities; Outstanding expenses; Prepaid expenses, Marshalling of Balance sheet, Liquidity and Profitability of assets.

39

5.

6.

Cost accounting- concepts, benefits and distinction between cost accounting and financial accounting- various elements of cost, cost sheet, overhead cost, Job and process costing. Depreciation- concept and importance. Methods of charging depreciation on fixed assets used in industries

Books 1. 2. 3. 4.

Shukia, M.C., Grewal T.S., and Gupta .: Advanced Accounts; S. Chand & Co New Delhi Agarwala, A. N, Agarwala K.N: Higher Sciences of Accountancy: Kitab Mahal, Allahabad Rajpurohit B.S., Bissa and others: Financial Accounting. Cost Accounts-M.C Saikia

40

HU 403 Communication Skills Theory: 50 Sessional: 25 Time: 3 hours

1. 2. 3. 4.

Group discussion: aspects, preparation, facing group discussions Communication: Aspects, Issues and Vitals. Body Language: Studying body language, its orientation. The art of listening: Active listening, hearing and listening; good listening, Barriers to listening. 5. Negotiation: The act of negotiation. Truths about negotiation; hurdles in negotiation.

Textbooks & references 1. Essentials of Business Communication By Pal and Rorualling. S. Chand & sons 2. The Essence of Effective Communication By Ludlow and Panthon, PHI

41

ET 464 Electronic Circuits Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Bipolar amplifiers Basic circuit-common base, common emitter and common collector topology. Biasing of single stage amplifiers- single power supply and bipolar power supply. Multiple stage amplifiers biasing schemes with emphasis on direct coupling. NPN and PNP connections. Hand calculation of bias current and voltages. Simulation of such circuits on SPICE. Hybrid small signal equivalent circuit Computation of input resistance, output resistance and gain of amplifiers at low to high frequencies. High frequency response. Simulation on SPICE. Some idea about time domain response and determining of transient response on SPICE. Compound Configurations Study of the differential pair, current sources, voltage sources, the Darlington and Cascode connections. Large signal output stages. Application of Op-Amps. Feedback amplifiers Basic principles-advantages. Frequency response and stability of feedback amplifiers. Frequency compensation. Oscillators Principles. The Hartley, Colpitt, Wien- bridge and phase shift oscillators. Determination of frequency of oscillation and criteria for oscillations to occur. Text Books/references: 1. P.E. Gray and Campbell L.Searle- Electronic Principles. Published by McGraw- Hill Book Company. 2. Paul R. Gray and R.G.Mayer- Analog Integrated Circuits Published by John Wiley and Sons, international edition. 3. Handouts to be supplied by the instructor.

42

ET 465 Signals and Systems Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Introduction Definitions, continuous and discrete-time signals. Systems and their classifications. LTI systems Continuours-time LTI systems - the convolution integral. Discrete time LTI systems the convolution sum. Properties of LTI systems. Systems described by differential and difference equations. Fourier analysis of continuous time case Response of LTI systerr-ss to complex exponential waveforms. Representations of periodic signals by the Fourier series. Representation of periodic signals by Fourier transforms. Properties of Fourier transforms. System analysis by Fourier transforms. Fourier analysis of discrete time case Response of LTI systems to complex exponential waveforms. Discrete time Fourier series discrete time Fourier transform and their properties. Analysis of systems. Sampling The sampling theorem Effects of undersampling. Spectrum of sampled signal. Laplace transform Definition and properties Methods of inversion. Application to LTI system analysis. Z transform Definition. The region of convergence. Properties of z-transform. Inversion of Z- transforms. Application to system analysis. Random signals and systems Random variabies. Distribution and density functions. Statisticai averages. Different probabi'ity distribution models. Random processes. Ensemble averages and correlation. Stationary and ergodic processes. Spectral density and its correlation functions Response of linear random inputs.

43

ET 466 Network Theory-II Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Network Topology Graph of a network: Planar and non-planer graph, concept of incidence matrix, path, tree, circuits, fundamental circuits, cut-set, fundamental cut-set tie-set schedule. Introduction to equation formulation. Network Functions Network functions of two-port networks. Driving point impedances and admittances. Poles and Zeros- their significance. Determination of time domain behavior from pole-zero plots. Frequency characteristics of networks from network functions. Magnitude and phase plots. Network Synthesis Elements of realizability theory. Hurwitz polynomial. Positive real functions. Basic technique used in syntheses of networks. Synthesis of one port network with two kinds of elements-LC, RC or RL. Transmission Lines Lumped and distributed models. and T models. Generalized equation of a transmission line at audio and radio frequencies. Characteristic impedance and propagation constant. Group velocity and phase velocity. Distortion less lines. Reflection and transmission coefficient. Standing wave and standing wave ratio. Line impedance and admittance. Smith chart. Filter Theory Filter fundamentals. Low pass, high pass, band pass filters. Pass and stop bands. K and M derived topology. Butterworth and Chebyshev approximations. The Op-Amp as a basic circuit block. Active filters and some ideas about switched capacitor filters. Attenuators & equalizers Symmetrical and asymmetrical attenuators. T types, type and lattice type attenuators. Two and four terminal equalizers, Full series, Full shunt, Bridged T and lattice equalizers. Text Books/references: 1. W.H.Hyatt and J.E.Kemmerly-Engineering Circuit Analysis. McGraw-Hill. 2. J.A.Edminister-Electrical Circuits. McGraw-Hill Schaum series. 3. Smrajit Ghosh- Network Theory. Analysis and Synthesis(PHI).

44

IE 651 Electrical Machines Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

D.C. Machines Constructional features and principles of operation. Shunt, series and compound generators and motors. Performance characteristics. Starting, speed control and braking of motors. Choice of d.c. motors for different applications. Transformers Constructional features and principle of operation. Equivalent circuit. Induction Motors Principle of operation of 3 induction motor. Equivalent circuit and circle diagram. Torque- speed characteristics. Methods of starting speed control and braking. Single phase motors- methods of starting. Synchronous Generators and Motors Principle of operation and simple equivalent circuit of a synchronous generator. Parallel operation and synchronization of generators. Synchronous motor- methods of stating. Application of A.C. motors in industries Typical application of A.C. motors in industry. Text Books/references: 1. A.S. Langsdorf- Theory of Alternating Current Machines. 2. H.Cotton- Electrical Technology.

45

Detailed Syllabus Fifth Semester

46

HU 501 Economics and Principles of Management Theory: 100 + 50 Sessional: 50 + 25 Time: 3 hours

Part A. Economics 1. Economics: Meaning, nature and scope; 2. Consumer behaviour and demand analysis: Alternate theories on consumer behavior. 3. Producer behaviour: Production function. Production analysis and input demand. Cost Analyis. Estimation of cost functions. Managerial uses of cost functions. 4. Price and output determination: Price concepts; Pricing under different objectives; Profit and break even analyis, Differential pricing; Alternative market models; Market structure and Government intervention. 5. Investment analyis: time value of money. Cash flows and measures of investment worth; investment analysis. 6. Money, Why money matters, value of money- Quantity theory of Money; index numbers. Interest rate determination. 7. The financial system- The Central bank, Stock Exchange and the market for securities, Money market instruments. 8. International trade- theoties of international trade. The world Trading EnvironmentMultilateralism and Bilateralism. 9. Emerging Economic and Bussiness environment Books: 1. Samuelson and Nordhaus: Economics. Irwin McGraw Hill 2. Gupta, G.S, Managerial Economics 3. H. Davis Managerial Economics 4. Sengupta, A.K and Agarwala M.K. Money Market Operations in India: Skylark Publications, New Delhi Part B. Principles of Management 1. Management- concepts, status and functions. Role of management. Management skills. Effective versus successful managerial activities. Motivation- early and contemporary theories on motivation- implication of managers and applications. Group behaviour and group dynamics: foundations of group behaviour, Defining and classifying groups; stages of group development; group interaction; External conditions; Group member resources; Group structure; Group processes; tasks and decision making. Leadership- Leadership theories. Recent approach to leadership and contemporary issues in leadership. Organaisational dynamics- Organaisational change and stress management. Human factors in induatry- fatigue and symptoms. Fatigue control. Human resource policies and practices- Selection practices, Training and development programmes; Performance Evaluation; Union- Management interface; Managing diversity in organizations. 47

2.

3. 4. 5.

6. 7.

Investment analysis: Time value of money. Cash flows and measures of investment worth; Investment analyis. Projects and Project evaluation. Economic and financial evaluation of projects. Economic and social cost benefit analysis.

Books 1. 2. 3.

Essentials of Management- J.L. Marcis Organaisational behabiour. Concepts, Controversies and Applications- Stephen P. Robbins Gupta, G.S, Managerial Economics

48

ET 562 Digital Electronic Circuits Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Number System and Codes Positional number systems - decimal, binary, octal and hexadecimal. Number base conversion. Representation of negative binary numbers. Codes - BCD, Gray, ASCII extended BCD. Boolean algebra and logic circuits Axioms and basic theorems of Boolean algebra. Truth table, logic functions and their realization. Logic gates, standard representation (canonical forms) of logic functions - SOP and POS forms. Min terms and max terms. Simplification of logic functions Karnaugh map of 2, 3 and 4 variables. Simplification by algebra and by map method. Function simplification when functions are incompletely specified. Synthesis using AND, OR and INVERT and then to convert to NAND or NOR implementation. Logic families: The TTL family. Brief idea about ECL and CMOS logic families Gate properties fan-in, fanout, propagation delay and power-delay product. Combinational logic circuit design: Combinationa! logic circuits and building blocks. Binary adders and subtractors. Encoders, decoders, multiplexers, demultiplexers, comparators, parity generators etc. Realization of logic functionsthrough decoders and multiplexers. Introduction to sequential circuits: Flip-flops - truth table and state table. The S-R, J-K, T and D flip-flop. Race condition. Sequential circuits, clock, counters and registers. Ripple counter, synchronous counters, up/down counters, modulo-N counter. Design of counters - state diagram. Some functional devices: SSI, MSI LSI and V LSI devices. RAM and ROM - their uses. Some commonly used digital ICs.

49

EE 543 Control System I Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

Elementary concepts Open loop and closed loop systems. Examples of modern control systems. Definition of Linear, Nonlinear, Time Invariant and Time Variant, Continuous and discrete control systems Models of Physical Systems Formulation of differential equations for a dynamic system. Mechanical and electrical systems. Transfer functions of a linear system. Block diagrams and reduction technique, signal flow graphs. Masons formula. Standard test signals _step, ramp, parabolic and impulse. impulse response. Introduction to control system components Error detectors, servo motors, techogenerators and servo amplifiers. Determination of transfer functions. Time domain analysis Poles, zeros and characteristics equations, relation between S plane root locations and transient response. Performance specifications in time domain such as overshoot, rise time, setting and steady state error. Transient response of second order systems. Derivative and integral control and their effect on the performance of the second order systems. System types and error constants. Generalized error coefficients. Transient response of higher order systems(outline only). Rouths satiability criterion, scopes and limitations of Rouths criterion. The root locus technique Introduction. Rule for contruction. System analysis and design(outline only) using root locus. Frequency domain analysis Logarithmic plots, polar plots, Log magnitude vs phase plots. Nyquist stability criterion, stability analysis, Relative stability. Closed loop frequency response. Experimental determination of transfer functions. M and N circle. Textbooks and references 1. Automatic Control System- Kuo. 2. Modern Control Engg.- Ogata. 3. Control system Engg.- Nagrath & Gopal.

50

ET 564 Instrumentation & Electronic Measurements Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Review Quick review of electromagnetic indicating instruments and potentiometers. Limitations of such instruments. Bridges The principles of bridges. The basic Wheatstone bridge, Kelvins bridge, Andersons bridge and the Heys bridge. Operational Amplifiers Basic circuits. Enhancing the performance of traditional measuring instruments with the help of Op- Amps. Increasing input resistance, range and accuracy. High frequency instruments build around precision rectifiers. Measurements of important electrical parameters. Four quadrant multipliers and the measurement of power. DA/AD Converter Effect of resolution and non-linear behaviour on accuracy of measurement. Working of R-2R ladder DA converter. AD conversion - successive approximation type, dual slope integrating type and flash converter. Analog Multiplexing Analog switches, sample and hold circuit. Multiplexing of multiple signals. The Oscilloscope The principle and the important components of an analogue scope. Time base and deflection fundamentals. Delayed time base. Multiple channels and the various mode of display. Concepts of digital scopes. The use of the oscilloscope for: measuring voltage and current waveforms, frequency and phase measurements, displaying electrical and magnetic characteristics of materials. Use of Microcomputers Use of microcomputers for transient measurements. RMS calculation, linearization of thermocouple signals. The IEEE-488 standard. Measurement and error Statistical analysis, probability of errors. System of units and standards of measurement.

51

Text Books/references: 1. William David Cooper- Electrical Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited. 2. Golding and Widdis- Electrical Measuring Instrument and Measurement. ELBS.

3. E.O. Doeblin Measurement Systems. 4. Ralph Morison Instrumentation Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley & Sons. 5. D. Patronobis Sensors and Transducers, Wheeler Publications.

52

ET 565 Analog Communication Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Spectra and Noise Review of Fourier series and transform; energy/power-type signals, auto-/cross-correlation functions, spectral density; thermal noise, time average noise statistics, band-limited white noise. Amplitude Modulation Need for modulation. Types of analog CW modulation. Linear CW modulation schemes. Double Sideband Large Carrier (DSB-LC), Double Sideband Suppressed Carrier (DSB-SC), Single-Sideband (SSB), VesigialSideband (VSB). Generation and detection. AM broadcasting. Angle Modulation Phase Modulation (PM), Frequency Modulation (FM),Bessel functions and FM spectral analysis, Narrowband FM and Wideband FM, frequency division multiplexing (FDM). Generation and detection of PM and FM. Stereophonic FM broadcasting. Radio Receivers TRF receivers. Superheterodyne receivers. Image frequency. Image rejection ratio. Receiver sensitivity and selectivity. Phase locked loops. Synchronous detection. Noise Sources and characteristics of different noise. Concept of white Gaussian noise. Noise calculations: noise temperature, noise bandwidth and noise figure. Effect of noise on amplitude modulation systems, effect of noise on angle modulation, comparison of different analog communication systems. Envelope detection and threshold effect. Performance of exponential modulation schemes in presence of noise. Output S/N ratio. Threshold effect in FM. Preemphasis/de-emphasis filtering. Comparison of CW modulation systems. Pulse Modulation Review of sampling theorem and practical sampling of PAM, PWM and PPM signals. Generation and detection. Text Books/references: 1. S. Haykin, Communication Systems, 4th ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2001 (2 copies on reserve, K5101.H37 2001). 2. J.G. Proakisand M. Salehi, Communication System Engineering, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall, 2002 (2 copies on reserve, TK5101.P75 2002). 3. B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd Ed., Upper Saddle River, N.J., Prentice-Hall PTR, 2001 (1 copy on reserve, TK5103.7 .S55 2001).

53

ET 566 Power Electronics Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours SCRs Basic theory of operation. Characteristics. Ratings. Protection- Series and parallel operation. Methods of firing and commutation. Firing circuits. Triacs and Diacs Basic theory of operation. Characteristics. Ratings. Protection. A.C. load control using Triacs and Diacs. Line Commutated Controlled Converter 2 pulse, 3 pulse and 6 pulse configurations. A. C. phase control. Choppers Principles Class; fications and basic chopper circuits. Inverters Series, parallel and bridge inverters. Voltage control of inverters. Control of Electric Motors Phase control of D.C. shunt and series motors. Speed control of induction motors using SCRs. Slip power recovery scheme. High Frequency Heating Principles of Operation and application of induction and dielectric heating. High frequency sources.

Text Books/references: 1. G. M. Chute and R. D. Chute -Electronics in Industry, McGraw-Hill.

2. M. Ramamoorthy - An Introduction to Thyristors and their Applications, East-West Press. 3. P. C. Sen - Power Electronics, Tata McGraw-Hill

54

Detailed Syllabus Sixth Semester

55

EE641 Electromagnetic Field Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours

Vector Analysis Review of dot and cross products, gradient, divergence and curl. Divergence and Stokes Theorem, Cartesian, Cylindrical and Spherical Co-ordinate system. Transformation between co-ordinates, General curvilinear co ordinates. Value of gradient, divergence and curl in general co- ordinates and to obtain their values in cylindrical ans spherical co-ordinates. The Static Electric Field Coulombs law, Electric field strength, Field due to pont charges, a line charge and a sheet of charge, Field due to continuous volume charge, Electric flux density, Gausss law in integral form, Gausss law in differential form(Maxwells first equation in electrostatics), Applications of the Gausss law. Electrostatic potential difference and potential, potential and potential difference expressed as a line integral potential field of a point charge, potential field of a system of charges, conservative property, potential gradient, the dipole, energy density in the electrostatic field. The static magnetic field The Biot-Savarts law(the magnetic field of filamentary currents), the magnetic field of distributed surface and volume currents, Amperes Circuital law in integral and differential form(Maxwells curl equation for steady magnetic field) The scalar and vector magnetic potentials, Maxwells divergence equation for B, steady magnetic field laws, forces in magnetic field , force on a current element, force between two current elements, force and torque in the current loop. The Electromagnetic field Faradays law in integral and differential form(Maxwells first curl equation for electromagnetic field). The Lorentz force equation. The concept of displacement current and modified Amperes law(Maxwells 2nd curl equation for electromagnetic field), The continuity equation, power flow in an electromagnetic field, Poynting Vector. Sinusoidally time varying fields, Maxwells equations for sinusoidally time varying fields, power and energy considerations for sinusoidally time varying fields. The retarded potentials, Polarization of vector fields, review of Maxwells equations. Materials and fields(review type only) Current and current density, the continuity equation , conductor in fields. Dielectric in fields: Polarization, flux density, electric susceptibility, relative permittivity, Boundary conditions in perfect dielectrics, magnetic materials, magnetization, permeability, boundary conditions.

56

Applied Electromagnetics I Poissons and Laplace equations, solution of one dimensional cases, general solution of Laplace equation, Method of images. Applied Electromagnetics II Electromagnetic waves, The Helm Holtz equation, wave motion and free space, wave motion in perfect lossy dielectrics, propagation in good conductors, skin effect. Reflection of uniform plane waves. Radiation of electromagnetic waves. Transmission line equations and parameters, some examples of transmission lines. Text books and references: 1. Hayt: Engg. Electromagnetics. 2. Corson and Lofrain: Introduction to Electromagnetic fields and waves.

57

ET 662 Digital Communication Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Introduction Introduction to digital communications, review of signals and systems theory, random variables, and Stochastic Processes. Merits of digital systems. Waveform Coding Techniques Mathematical models for information sources. Preview of sampling theorem. Sampling, quantizing and coding for discrete sources. Pulse code modulation (PCM). Quantization noise, companding, DPCM, DELTA modulation (DM), ADM. Noise in PCM and DM svstems. Time Division Multipexing(TDM). Data Modulation and Demodulation Vector Representation of waveforms. Modulation and Demodulation Based on Vector-Space Concept. Vector Channel Model. Optimum Detection with the AWGN Channel. Error Probability for the AWGN Channel Signal Constellations and Modulation Techniques Cubic and Orthogonal Constellations. Circular Constellations- M-ary Phase Shift Keying (PSK). Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM). Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM). Baseband Digital Transmission Baseband binary PAM systems. Intersymbol interference (ISI). Nyquists's criterion for distortionless baseband binary transmission. Nyquist and Raised Cosine Pulses. Square-Root Splitting of the Nyquist Pulse. Baseband M-ary, PAM systems. Optimum detection. Matched filters, correlation receivers. Passband System Analysis Passband Representation. Equivalent Forms for a Passband Signal. Passband Channels and Their Baseband Equivalent. Baseband Equivalent AWGN Channel. Demodulators for the Generation of the Baseband Equivalent. Error Control Coding Error detection and correction. Parity check bit coding, block code. Examples of algebraic codes, convolution coding, combined modulation and coding. Trellis Coded Modulation. Information Theory: Information measure, average information and entropy. Discrete memory less channels. Channel capacity theorem.

58

ET 663 Microprocessor And Embedded Systems Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Introduction to Computer Architecture and Organization: Architecture of 8-bit microprocessors, bus configurations, CPU module, introduction to assembly language and machine language programming, instruction set of a typical 8-bit microprocessor, subroutines and stacks, programming exercises. Memory Technology: Timing diagrams, RAM, DRAM and ROM families, memory interfacing, programmable peripheral interface chips, interfacing of input-output ports, programmable interval timer. Memory map, peripheral I/O and memory- mapped I/O. Data Transfer Schemes: Serial and parallel data transfer schemes, interrupts and interrupt service procedure. 8085 interrupts and vector locations, SIM and RIM instructions, RST instructions. Introduction to Microcontrollers: Architecture, RISC and CISC processors. Instruction Set and Programming: Instruction set and programming 8051micro controllers. Architecture: Instruction set and programming of 8 bit micro controllers PIC 16c74. Development Tools: Simulators, debuggers, cross compilers, in circuit emulators for the micro controllers.
Interface Issues Related to Embedded Systems: A/D, D/A converters, timers, actuators, power, FPGA, ASIC, diagnostic port.

Techniques for Embedded Systems: State machine and state tables in embedded design, simulation and emulation of embedded systems. High-level language descriptions of S/W for embedded system, Java embedded system design.
Real Time Models, Language and Operating Systems: Event based, process based and graph based models, Petrinet models. Real time languages, real time kernel, OS tasks, task states, task scheduling, interrupt processing, clocking, communication and Synchronization. Control blocks, memory requirements and control, kernel services.

Text Books/ References: 1. Ramesh S.Gaonkar - Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications (3e), Penram Pub., 1997. 2. Mazidi M. A. & J. G. Mazidi - The 8051 Microcontroller and embedded systems, Pearson, 2002. 3. Kenneth J Ayala the 8051 Microcontroller architecture programming and applications,
nd

2 Edition Penram International publishing. 4. J.B. Peatman Design with PIC microcontrollers , PH Engg. 1998. 5. Hintz Micro controllers, Architecture, implementation and programming McGraw Hill. 59

6. Evesham - Developing Real - Time Systems - A Practical Introduction , Galgotia Publications,

New Delhi, 1996. 7. Ball S.R - Embedded microprocessor systems - Real World Design, Prentice Hall, 1996. 8. Herma K - Real Time Systems Design for Distributed Embedded Applications, Kluwer Academic, 1997. 9. Gassle J - Art of Programming Embedded Systems, Academic Press, 1992. 10. Gajski D.D, Vahid F, Narayan S - Specification and Design of Embedded Systems, PRT Prentice Hall, 1994.

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ET 664 Microwave Engineering Theory: 100 Sessional: 50 Time: 3 hours Transmission Lines Review of transmission line theory. Co-axial cable. MIC lines. Standing waves. VSWR and reflection coefficient. Smith chart. Stub matching calculation. Waveguides Rectangular and circular waveguides. Solution of wave equations. TE and TM modes. Dominant mode. Filed Patterns. Cut-off frequencies. Wave impedance. Power transmission. Waveguide resonators. Network Representation Scattering matrix parameters. Components Directional couplers, isolators, circulators, power splitters, E-. H- and magic Tees. Attenuators, phase shifters. Short circuit and matched terminations. Filters. Microwave Devices High frequency limitations. Klystrons, magnetrons, TWTs. Microwave transistors - bjts and GaAs MESFETs. Transferred electron devices, avalanche transit-time devices. Read diode, IMPATT diode. BARITT diode and the tunnel diode. Parametric devices. Quantum electronic devices. MASERS and LASERS. MICs. Text Books/references: 1. S. Y. Liao - Microwave Devices and Circuits, Prentice Hall of India. 2. M. M. Radmanesh - Radio Frequency and Microwave Electronics, Pearson Education Asia. 3. R. E. Collin - Foundation for Microwave Engineering, McGraw-Hill. 4. K. C. Gupta - Microwaves. John Wiley and Sons.

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ET 665 Computer Communication Networks Theory: 100 marks Sessional 50 marks Time: 3 hours Uses of computer networks Network goals, application structures, architectures, OSI Model and services. Network examples. Physical layer Transmission medium, telephone system. RS-232C, RS-449 standards. 21 switching, ISDN and terminal handling. Medium access sublayer ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA/CD, Collision free protocol, BRAP, MLMA etc. IEEE standard 802.3, Ethernet, token ring. FDDI, satellite networks and packet radio networks. Data link layer Framing, error detection and correction and data link protocols. Network layer Routing algorithm, flow control, queuing theory, analytical treatment of M/M/I and M/M/M. Security and reliability of networks Case study of' computer communication networks. TCP/IP.

Text books/references: 1. 2. 3. Dimitri Bertsekas & Robert Gallager Data Networks. PHI, 1992, 2/e. W. Stallings - Data and Computer Communications, Prentice Hall, 1997. A. S. Tannenbaum - Computer Networks. PHI, 1997, 3/e.

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ET 666 Data Structure Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 50 marks Time 3 Hours Time and Space analysis of Algorithms Order Notations. Linear Data Structures : Sequential representations Arrays and Lists, Stacks, Queues, Strings; Link Representations Linear linked lists, Circular linked lists, Doubly linked lists; Applications. Recursion Design of Recursive Algorithms, Tail Recursion. Nonlinear Data Structures : Trees Binary Trees, Traversals and Threads, Binary Search Trees, Insertion and Deletion algorithms, Height Balanced Trees and Weight Balanced Trees, B-trees, B+ trees, Application of trees; Graphs Representations, Breadth-first and Depth-first Search. Hashing Hashing Functions, Collision Resolution Techniques. Sorting and Searching Algorithms : Bubble sort, Selection sort, Insertion sort, Quick sort, Merge sort, Heap sort, Radix sort. File Structures: Sequential and Direct Access, Relative files, Indexed files, B+ tree aas index, Multi-index files, Hashed files. Books: 1. Data Structures and Algorithms, A. V. Aho, J. E. Hoppcroft, J. E. Ullman, Addision Wesley. 2. Fundamentals of Data Structures, E. Horowitzz, S. Sahni, Galgotia Publ. 3. Data Structures using C, A. S. Tanenbaum 4. Algorithms, Data Structures, and Problem Solving, Addision Wesley. 5. Data Management and File Structures, Loomis, Marry, PHI 6. M. A. Weiss Data Structures & Algorithm Analysis in C++, Addison Wesley.

7. Lipshutz Theory and Problems of Data Structures, McGraw Hill. 8. Neil Graham Learning with C++, McGraw Hill

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Detailed Syllabus Seventh Semester

64

ET 761 Analog System Design Theory : 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Operational Amplifier Fundamentals Introduction. Op-amp configurations, ideal Op-amp circuit analysis, negative feedback Nonideal closed loop charactcristics. Powering the Op-amp. Linear Op-amp Circuit DC sources, current to voltage converters, V-I converters (floating load and grounded load). Current amplifiers. Non-linear Circuit Applications Comparators. AppIications. level detectors. window detectors. Schmitt trigger. Precision half wave and full wave rectifiers Peak detectors. Sample and hold circuits. Signal Generators Sine wave generators. mono-stable. bi-stable and astable multivibrators and their Applications. Triangular wave generator triangular to sine- wave converter sawtooth generator. Voltage to frequency and frequency to voltatge converters. Limitations of Practical Op-amps DC performance - Bias. offset and drifts-input bias and offset current, effects of offset current on output voltage; input offset voltage Offset error compensation AC performance- frequency response, frequency compensation, bandwidth limitation, slew rate and slew rate limitation. Noise considerations. Voltage Reference Performance parameters. Zener and Avalanche diode voltage references. Drift due to temperature change. Compensation methods. Applications. Voltage Regulators Series regulators. Building blocks IC Voltage Regulators-applications. Thermal considerations. Power supply design. D/A and A/D converters Converter definitions and specifications. Basic DAC techniques. Bipolar DACs. DAC based AD converters. Flash/Parallel converters. Integrating type ADCs Data acquisition and distribution. 65

Active Filters First order active filters. Audio filter application. Second order low-pass, high-pass, band pass and notch filters. Butterworth filters. Cascadcd design. RLC simulation design. Filter sensitivity. Logarithmic Amplifiers and Analog Multipliers Log/Antilog Amplifier. Practical Log/Antilog circuits. Non-linear function circuits. Analog multipliers. Text Books/references: 1. Nergio Franco - Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits, McGraw Hill Book Company. 2. R.F.Coughlin, F.F.Driscoll - Operational AmpIifier and Linear Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall of India

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ET 762 Computer Architecture Organization Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Evolution of Computer Introduction, different generations till the present time. Basic structure of a computer. Design Methodology Components and design techniques at gate level, resistor level and processor level. Processing Unit of a Computer. Processor organization Number formats. Instruction formats, instruction types. Fixed point arithmetic, addition, subtraction, division and multiplication. ALU Organization floating point arithmetic, arithmetic processor. Control Unit Instruction sequencing and interpretation. Control unit design. Memory Organization Types of memories. Memory device characteristics. RAM organization. Memory hierarchies. Cost and performance Virtual memories. High speed memories like caches. Parallel Processing Introduction and types of parallel processors with performance considerations. Pipe-line processors and multiple processors. Text Books / references: 1. John P Hayes - Computer Architecture & Organization, Mc Graw Hill Book Company. 2. M. Mano - Computer System Architecture, Prentice-Hall of lndia.

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ET 763 Digital Signal Processing Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Discrete time signals and systems Signal and system classification, time and frequency domain representation. Discrete time signal analysis and linear systems Linear time invariant system. Linear time invariance. Unit impulse system response. Causality, stability, IIR and FIR systems. Difference calculations and its solutions. Fourier transforms, frequency response, linear phase system. Sampling of analog signals. Z-transforms and its properties Analysis of LTI systems in Z-transform. Realization of digital systems Recursive and non-recursive structures. Block diagram and signal flow graphs Direct cascade, parallel, ladder and lattice realization. Design of IIR digital filters Approximation theory impulse invariance and bilinear transformations. Frequency transformations. Computer aided design techniques. Design of IIR digital filters Windowing and frequency sampling techniques. Computer aided design methods. Discrete Fourier transforms Discrete time Fourier series. Discrete time Fourier transforms. Properties, circular convolution and computation of DFT. FFT algorithm Basic D-I-T and D-I-F algorithms Computational efficiency considerations.

68

Finite word length effects Quantization errors and their effects on performance of digital signal processor. Digital signal processing applications Introduction to image processing, speech and audio processing. Text Books / references: 1. A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schafer - Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice-Hall of India. 2. J. G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis - Digital Signal Processing: principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice-Hall of India. 3. Alkin - Digital Signal Processing : A Laboratory Approach using PC-DSP, Prentice-Hall of India. 4. MATLAB User's Guide, Math Works Inc.

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ET 764 Mobile Communications Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Titme: 3 hours

Introduction to Wireless Communications The wireless vision. Applications and requirements. The obstacles and challenges. A brief historical tour. Standards. Spectrum regulation and de-regulation. Classification of wireless systems. The cellular concept and its guiding principles. Frequency reuse. Handoff. Some essentials on traffic theory. Antennas & Propagation Antenna fundamentals. Radiation patterns, gain and effective area. Reciprocity. Friis formula. Free-space propagation. Ray tracing. Empirical models. Large-scale path loss. Shadow fading. Cell coverage and outages. The Mobile Radio Channel Multipath propagation and fading. Doppler spectrum and coherence time. Slow and fast fading. Narrowband signals. Stationarity. Power angular spectrum and correlation. Fading distributions: Rayleigh, Ricean and Nakagami. Level crossing rates and average fade durations. Wideband Radio Channels Frequency-selective fading. Coherence bandwidth. Delay spread and intersymbol interference. Equalization. OFDM. Channel Capacity Basic information theory notions. Shannons coding theorem. Capacity. Side information. Capacity of AWGN and faded channels. Rate adaptation. Capacity of frequency-selective channels. Diversity Concept of diversity. Macroscopic and microscopic diversity. Diversity mechanisms: frequency, time, space, polarization and pattern. Diversity combining: selection, equal-ratio combining and maximal-ratio combining. Performance. Transmit diversity. Spread Spectrum Spread spectrum principles. Directe-sequence spread spectrum. RAKE receivers. Frequencyhopping spread spectrum. Multiple Access Multiuser channels: uplink and downlink. Multiple access schemes: orthogonal (FDMA, TDMA and OFDMA) and non-orthogonal (CDMA and SDMA).

70

Text books / references: 1. Andrea Goldsmith Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

2. David Tse and Pramod Viswanath Fundamentals of Wireless Communication, Cambridge University Press, 2005. 3. 4. John Proakis Digital Communication, McGraw-Hill. W. C. Y. Lee - Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals, John Wiley and Sons, 1993, 2/e. T. S. Rappaport - Wireless Communication, Prentice Hall, 1996. W. C. Y. Lee - Mobile Cellular Telecummunications, McGraw - Hill, 1995, 2/e. G. H. Stubber - Principles of Mobile Communications, Kluwer, 1996.

5. 6. 7.

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ET 765 Integrated Circuit Technology Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Basic Outline of fabrication techniques; Silicon bipolar transistor as an example. Cost benefits of mass produced circuit blocks, reliability and performance considerations. Disadvantages. Exploiting the inherent component matching capabilities of I.C.s - example from linear and digital circuits. Introductory ideas about crystal growth and wafer preparation. Short description of the Czochralski process. The diffusion process. Simple diffusion theory and the evaluation of impurity diffused in silicon - determination of junction depth and sheet resistance. Oxidation and epitaxial growth of silicon. Pre-deposition and drive-in diffusions in junction devices. Fick's law, distribution of impurities and the calculation of emitter and base depths. Lateral diffusion. Diffusion related parameters for boron and phosphorous. Preparation of a simple process schedule. Lithography. Optical lithography, minimum line-width consideration, layout fundamentals and mask making. Brief references to X-ray, electron beam and deep UV lithography. Interconnection. Aluminium metallization -- resistance heated evapovated and CVD methods. Brief mention about metallization failures -- step covering and electromigration. Other method of interconnection. Passive components. MOS capacitors and resistors. Calculation of area and the layout of capacitors and resistors. NMOS and CMOS fabrication techniques. Polysilicon self aligned gate devices. Layout of simple Circuits. Introduction to VLSI processing and layout Stick diagrams and layout and simulation tools. Other related processes. Ion implantation, dry etching, sputtering, assembly and reliability related evaluation. Future trends. Text Books / references: 1. Douglas J. Hamilton and William G. Howard - Basic Integrated Circuit Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Company. 2. S M. Sze - Basic VLSI Technology. McGraw-Hill Book Company 3. Douglas A. Pucknell and Karman Eshraghain - Basic VLSI Design, Prentice Hall of India. 4. Andrew S. Grove - Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley and Sons. 5. R Jacob Baker, Harry W. Li and David E. Boyce - CMOS circuit design layout and simulation,PHI.

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ET 765 Communication System Engineering Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Review of AM and FM broadcasting systems. Transmitter and receiver circuits and structures. Television (Black and White) Signal structure of composite \ video signal. Sound subcarrier. VSB broadcasting and reception. Sound demodulation. Camera and imaging devices. Scanning and deflection circuits. Colour Television Colour video signal. Colour modulation svstems PAL, SECAM and NTSC. Transmission and reception. Colour signal recovery. Colour representation in vector space. Digital Audio and DAB Principles and formats Important considerations such as encoding and compression. Framing and multiplexing issues and standards. Telephony Analogue and Digital. Principles and standards. Principles of facsimile and paging. Introduction to advanced communication systems Channel coding and transmission over terrestrial, satellite and networks. Text Books / references: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. R. R Gulati - Colour Television Principles and Practice, Wiley Eastern Pvt. Ltd. A. M. Dhake - Television and Video Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill. R. L Freeman - Telecommunication Systems Engineering, John Wiley and Sons. R. G. Winch - Telecommunication Transmission Systems, McGraw-Hill Book Company. W. C. Y. Lee - Mobile cellular Communications, McGraw-Hill Book Company. Wayne Tomasi - Electronic Communications Systems, Pearson Education Asia. Harold Kolimbiris - Digital Communication Systems, Pearson Education Asia. H. L. Rohde - Communication Receivers, McGraw-Hill Book Company.

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ET 765 Optimization Techniques Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Introduction to optimization Introduction and scope of optimization. Definitions: design vector, design constraint and objective function. Classification of optimization problems. Classical optimization techniques Local and global minima and maxima. Single and multi-variable optimization without constraints. Multivariable optimization with inequality constraints. Method of direct substitution and method of Lagrange's multipliers. Multivariable optimization with inequality constraints. Kuho-Tucker conditions. Linear programming Formulation of linear programming problems (LPP). Standard form of LPP. Geometry of LPP (graphical solution). Solution by the simplex method. Computer program. Duality in linear programming. Sensitivity or post-optimality analysis. Non-linear programming Uninodal functions. One dimensional minimization methods. A brief idea about elimination (search) method. Fibonacci and golden section methods. Quadratic interpolation method. Gradient methods. Method of steepest descent, conjugate gradient (Fletcher-Reeve) method. A brief introduction to dynamic programmiry and solution to simple problems.

Text Books / references: 1. N. S Rao - Optimization: Theory and Application Wiley Eastern ltd. 2. H. Taw - Operations Research - An Introduction, Prentice Hall 3. K. V. Mittal and C. Mohan - Optimization Methods in Operations Research System Analysis, New Age International. and

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ET 765 Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Introduction: Historical background, development of microelectronics, evolution of micro sensors, MEMS, emergence of micro machines. Electronic materials and processing: Introduction, electronic materials and their deposition, pattern transfer, etching electronic materials, doping semiconductors. MEMS Materials and Processing: Overview, metals, semiconductors, ceramic, polymeric and composite materials. Silicon micro machining bulk: Introduction, etch-stop techniques, dry etching, buried oxide process, silicon fusion bonding, anodic bonding. Silicon Micro MachiningSurface: Introduction, sacrificial layer technology, material systems in sacrificial layer technology, plasma etching, combined IC technology and anisotropic wet etching. Micro Sensors: Introduction, thermal sensors, radiation sensors, mechanical sensors, magnetic sensors, biochemical sensors and flow sensors. SAW Devices: Introduction, saw devices development and history, transducers in SAW devices, acoustic waves. Micro Sensors: LIGA Introduction, Application of LIGA, Technology barrier and competing technologies, Microsterolithography Introduction, Scanning method, two photon MSL, Projection MSL, Polymeric MEMS Architecture with silicon, Metal and ceramics, Applications of MSL. Text Books/ References: 1. S.M.Sze - Semiconductor Sensors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994. 2. M.Elwenspoek, R.Wiegerink - Mechanical Microsensors, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2001. 3. Julian W. Gardner, Vijay K. Varadan - Microsensors, MEMS, and Smart Devices, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2001. 4. Massood Tabib-Azar - Microactuators - Electrical, Magnetic, Thermal, Optical, Mechanical, Chemical and Smart structures, Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, 1997. 5. Eric Udd - Fiber Optic Smart Structures, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1995. 6. Kevin Chau - Analog Devices, Inc., Introduction to MEMS Technology and Devices (SC266), SPIE education services, Bellingham WA. 7. Vasundara Varadan, Vijay Varadan - Microsensors and MEMS for Smart Structures

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ET 766 Telecommunications Switching and Transmission Systems Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Introduction Review of circuit and packet networks. Switching systems. Telecommunication transmission networking and media selection (fiber optics, cable, wireless) theory and practices. Network configuration and network technologies. Network services and architecture Top down, application-driven view of networks, including a layered approach. Networks Packet networks, OSI model, packet switching, Internet. Circuit networks, core and access technologies, circuit switching and intelligent networks. ATM networks. Network control and operations, quality of service. Wireless systems Cellular system. Wireless LANs. Optical systems Components of optical system. WDM, optical routing and all-optical networks Text Books / references: 1. L. W. Couch II, Digital and Analog Communications Systems, 6 edition, Prentice Hall, 2001. 2. M. Schwartz, Telecommunications Networks: Protocols, Modeling and Analysis, Addison Wesley. 3. W. Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 6 edition, Prentice Hall, 2000. 4. A. S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 2 edition, Prentice Hall, 1989. 5. T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002. 6. K. Pahlavan and P. Krishnamurthy, Principles of Wireless Networks, Prentice Hall, 2002. 7. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective,
nd nd th th

2 edition, Morgan Kaufmann, 2002. 8. Thomas E. Stern and Krishna Bala, Multiwavelength Optical Networks: A Layered Approach, Addison Wesley, 2000.

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ET 766 Multimedia Theory: 100 Sessional: 75 Time: 3 hours Introduction History of Multimedia Systems, Hypermedia/Multimedia, HyperText/HyperMedia, Overview of Multimedia Software Tools, Music Sequencing and Notation, Graphics Image and Video Editing, Multimedia Authoring. Issues in Multimedia authoring Multimedia Authoring Metaphors, Content Design, Scripting(Writing), Graphics(Illustrating), Animation(Wiggling), Audio(Hearing), Interactivity (Interacting) Multimedia Data Representations Basics of Digital audio, Introduction to MIDI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface), Graphics/ Image File Formats, Standard System Independent Formats, System Dependent Formats, Color in Image and Video, Basics of Video, Types of Color Video Signals, Digital Video. Video and Audio Compression Basics of Information Theory, Lossless Compression Algorithms, Huffman Coding, LempelZiv-Welch Algorithm, Image Compression-JPEG, 4 JPEG modes, JPEG 2000, Video Compression, H.261, H.263, MPEG, New MPEG Standards, Audio Compression, Simple Audio Compression Methods, Psychoacoustics.

Text Books/ References 1. 2. 3. Multimedia System Design by Adeleigh and Thakrar. Multimedia at Work by T. Vaughan Introduction to Data Compression by Khalid Sayood

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ET 766 Acoustics and Sound Engineering Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Fundamentals of Acoustics: Nature of sound and the physics of vibrations. Wave equations and wave propagation. Plane and spherical sound waves. Sound pressure and intensity. Propagation effects attenuation and dispersion. Acoustic impedances. Noise absorption and insulation. Measurement of sound level. Perception of sound level and direction. Frequency response of the ear. Standard weighting curves and reference levels for sound measurement. Techniques for measuring sound level. Laws and standards for environmental noise. Health and safety aspects.

Sound Production - Vibrations and Resonators: Vibration of mechanical systems. Wave propagation through various media and boundaries. Resonance. Sound waves in pipes. Helmholtz resonators. Musical instruments. Analogies between acoustic, electrical and mechanical systems. Loudspeakers, Microphones, Psychoacoustics and Sound Reproduction: Pressure and velocity microphones. Directional and frequency response of microphones. Operational details and properties of various types of microphones: moving coil, ribbon, capacitor, electrostatic. Operation of moving coil loudspeakers. Design of different types of loudspeaker enclosures (infinite baffle, tuned port, acoustic suspension, horn). Psychoacoustic effects and their applications in sound perception. Sound reproduction, Dolby noise reduction, mini-disk, surround sound. Compare and contrast Dolby A, SR and DBX noise reduction. Identify when and how to use noise gates. Near/field and far/field monitoring. Principles of loud speaker system's proper selection and placement in the control room. Loudspeaker phase linearity.

Acoustics in Enclosed Spaces: Sound in rectangular enclosures: time and frequency analysis. Direct and reflected sound. Diffuse sound fields. Normal modes of vibration in regular enclosures. Transient responses. Reverberation. Statistical characterization of sound in irregular enclosures. Calculation and measurement of reverberation. Reverberation time and other design criteria. Architectural acoustics. Speech and communication in enclosed spaces. Sound transmission through walls.

Principles of Audio Recording: Physical properties of analog tape. Analog tape recording process. Analog tape formats and equipment from visuals. Cleaning and demagnetization of different analog tape machines. Principles of the digital recording process. Digital audio editing. Digital recording machines of differing formats and storage types from visuals. Compare/Contrast the difference between preamplifiers and power amplifiers. Identify and place preamplifiers in the audio signal chain. Identify and place power amplifiers in the audio signal chain, define equalizers, summing amplifiers, distribution amplifiers, isolation amplifiers, impedance amplifiers, power amplifiers, voltage controlled amplifiers.

78

MIDI: Applications of MIDI controllers, voice modules, and sequencers. Principles of synchronization and equipments used for synchronization. Procedures for implementing synchronization principles and equipment. Fundamentals of Signal Processing: Amplitude and wave shape processing. Audio equipment used to manipulate the amplitude and wave shape of audio signals. Compression, limiting, expansion, keying, and ducking. Compressor and dynamics processing equipment. Fundamental controls of dynamics processors. Application of delays, artificial reverberation and the other types of enhancers that are used in contemporary audio production. Skills to Plan a Recording Session: Pprocedures of Recording, Overdubbing, Mixdown, Editing. Identify the needs of the client given a simulated recording project. Planning and tracking a recording session. Studio and setup equipment for a recording session.

Books / references : 1. 2. 3. Kinsler, Frey, Coppens and Saunders: Fundamentals of Acoustics, Wiley. 2000. D E Hall: Basic Acoustics, Wiley. 1987. T. D. Rossing, F. R. Moore, and P. A. Wheeler: The Science of Sound, Pearson Addison- Wesley, 2001.

4. Bruce and Jenny Bartlett: Practical Recording Techniques. Focal Press, 3rd edition. 2001.

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Detailed Syllabus Eighth Semester

80

ET 861 Digital System Design Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Synthesis of clock mode (synchronous) sequential circuits Analysis of sequential circuits. Design procedure With synthesis of state diagrams Mealy and Moore machines. Partitioning and state assignment. Finite state machine model. Synthesis of asynchronous sequential system design Pulse mode circuits and fundamental mode circuits with synthesis. Design Convention Register transfer, biasing and sequencing of control. Electronic realization of hardwired control unit. Conditional transfer. Introduction to HDL Operand convention of AHPL, APL and AHPL operators. AHPL conventions for combinational logic and memory arrays. RIC Basic organization, register transfer and AHPL control programmes. Multiple cycle instructions. Microprogramming Introduction to microprogramming. Microprogramming the RIC. Microprogramming of bus oriented machines in assembly language for microprogrammes. High speed addition, Multiplication, division and floating point arithmetic Text Books/references: 1. J. Frederic and G. R. Peterson - Digital Systems: Hardware Organization John Wiley and Sons, 3/e. 2. F. J. Hill and G. R. Peterson - Switching Theory and Logical Design. John Sons, 3/e. and Design,

Wiley and

81

ET 862 Antenna and Wave Propagation Theory:100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Electromagnetic Fields Review of EM theory, Maxwells Equations, wave equations, solutions, plane waves, poynting vector, power flow and potentials. Elementary Radiations Hertzian and half wave dipoles and loops, radiation patterns, radiation resistance, gain, beam width, directivity, efficiency, effective length, effect or ground resonant and non resonant antennas., Flolded dipoles. Arrays Broadside and endfire arrays. Array analysis, elements of arrays. Synthesis, beam width, Yagi-Uda antenna. rhornbic antenna, log-periodic and helical antennas. Microwave Antennas Parabolic reflectors, horns , lens and slot antennas. Their characteristics and typical applications. Beam-width, polarization and bandwidth. Matching Network Antenna coupling and matching networks. Baluns. Wave Propagation Propagation modes for different frequencies. Descriptions and salient features of ground waves, sky wave and space propagation. Tropospheric propagation, ionospheric propagation. Computation of field strength. MUF, virtual height, critical frequency, skip distance. Microwave propagation. Fading Diversity reception. Text Books/ References: 1. F. C. Jordan & K. G. Balmain - Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems - PHI, 1995 4/e. 2. CA Balanis - Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design - J. Wiley & Sons 1982. 3. J. D. Krans - Antennas - Mc Graw Hill 1988. 2/e. 4. P. Krans - Electromagnetics - McGraw Hill 1991, 4/e. 5. R. E. Collin - Antenna & Radio wave Propagation - McGraw Hill.

82

ET 863 VLSI Technology Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

The MOS field effect transistor. Basic Structure and operation of a MOSFET. Behavior of the gate to bulk capacitor. Threshold voltage and the derivation of the Ip Vps equation. Parasitic elements and the layout of a MOSFET. PMOS and NMOS depletion and types. Review of fabrication processes. Aluminum gate and polysilicon gate devices. MOSFFT based digital circuits - the inverter with active pull-up, NAND and NOR gates, I/O characteristics and power delay product. Static and dynamic memory cells. Pass transistor circuits. The CMOS structure -fabrication processes, NAND and NOR gates, transfer characteristics and power delay product. Modeling and simulation of MOSFET circuits on SPICE. Stick diagram. Layout of simple digital circuit blocks. based rules and colour schemes of various layers. Project work that involves the design of a digital system and its layout. CAD tools for simulation and for the design and layout of VLSI circuits. ASICs, FPGAs and CPLDs - their use and programming with CAD tools.

Text Books / references : 1. Douglas A Pucknell and Kamran Esharaghian, Prentice Hall of India. 2. R. Jacob Baker, Henry W. Li and David E. Boyce - CMOS - Circuit Design, Layout and Simulation, Prentice Hall of India. 3. Richard S. Muller and Theodore I. Kamins - Device Electronics for Integrated Circuits, John Wiley and Sons Inc..

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ET 864 Statistical Signal Processing Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Review of Random Variables and Random Process Independent, uncorrelated and orthogonal random variables, Stationary process, Autocorrelation and autocovariance matrices, Ergodicity, Spectral representation of random signals. Signal Modeling AR, MA and ARMA models. Parameter Estimation Theory Principle of estimation and properties of estimates, The methods of maximum likelihood, moments, least-square errors and maximum entropy; Autoregressive parameter estimation: Levinson-Durbin algorithm and lattice filter; LMMSE filtering: Wiener and Kalman filtering; Spectral estimation: smoothed and windowed periodograms, minimum variance, maximum entropy and parametric methods for spectral estimation; Adaptive filters: LMS and RLS filtering.

Text books/references: 1. M. Hays: Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modelling, John Willey & Sons, 1996. 2. Simon Haykin: Adaptive Filter Theory, Prentice Hall International, 1996. 3. S.M.Kay: Modern Spectral Estimation, Prentice Hall, 1987. 4. B.Porat: Digital Processing of Random Signals, Prentice Hall, 1994. 5. J.R.Treichler, C.R.Johnson (Jr.), M.G.Larimore: Theory and Design of Adaptive Filters, PHI, 2001.

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ET 864 Digital Image Processing Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Introduction Scope and application of digital image processing. Image acquisition and display. Mathematical preliminaries. Human visual perception. Image Transforms 2D-Fourier Transforms. 2D DFT. KLT, 2D DCT, Haar transform. Image Enhancement Histogram processing. Spatial Filtering. Frequency Domain Filtering. Image Restoration Degradation Model. Inverse Filtering. Wiener Filtering. Edge Detection and Segmentation Edge detection. Line detection. Segmentation. Texture Analysis and Classification. Image Compression Lossy Compression. Loss-less compression. Run-length and Huffman Coding. Transform Coding. Image Compression Standards Color Image Processing Color model. Color Image Processing. Text Books/references : 1. 2. 3. 4. R. C. Gonzalez & R. E. Woods - Digital Image Processing, Addison Wesley, 1993. A. K. Jain - Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, PHI K. R. Castleman - Digital Image Processing, PHI 1996 W. K. Pratt - Digital Image Processing, John Wiley Interscience, 1991

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ET 864 Wireless Communications and Networking Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Introduction Overview of wireless communication systems and networking. Examples of wireless communications systems: how a cellular telephone call is made? Challenges in wireless communication networking. Evolution of modern wireless communication systems: 1G, 2G, 3G and beyond. Fundamentals of cellular communications Frequency reuse and the cellular concept. Interference and system capacity. Trunking and grade of services. Other mechanisms for capacity improvement. Mobile radio propagation Characterization of wireless channels. Multipath propagation environment Linear time-varying channel model. Large-scale path loss. Small-scale fading and multipath. Modulation/transmission techniques for mobile radio Digital modulation vs. analog modulation: an overview. Digital modulation techniques. Probability of transmission error. Receiver design Equalization and diversity. Equalizers in a communication receiver. Diversity techniques. Channel equalization: linear equalization and nonlinear equalization. Multiple access techniques for wireless communications Multiple access in a radio cell. FDMA: 1G AMPS. TDMA: IS-136 and GSM. CDMA: spread spectrum and 3G air interface design. OFDM and 4G mobile communications. Mobile management in wireless networks Call admission control. Handoff management. Location management. Wireless and wireline interworking. Internet protocol: IPv6 versus IPv4. IP enhancement for mobile. Transmission control protocol (TCP). Wireless application protocol (WAP) and its security issues. Mobile ad hoc networks. Text Books/ References: 1. T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002. 2. J. Mark and W. Zhang, Wireless Communications and Networking, Prentice Hall, 2003. 3. R. Steele and L. Hanzo, Mobile Radio Communications, 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2001. 4. T. Ojanpera and R. Prasad, WCDMA: Towards IP Mobility and Mobile Internet, Artech House Publishers, 2001. 5. S. Hara and R. Prasad, Multicarrier Techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, Artech House Publishers, 2003. 86

ET 864 Reliability Engineering Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Fundamentals of reliability engineering Definition of reliability, types of failures, failure mechanism and failure modes. Component co-units, bathtub curves, measures of reliability, failure rates, MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures), MTTF (Mean Time To Failure), reliability functions and hazard rate. Reliability mathematics Basic probability theorems, conditional probability, Baye's theorem, basic statistical parameters such as mean, mode, median, variance, standard deviation, high order moments, types of probability distribution and their mean and variance. Binomial, Poisson, normal, log normal, exponential, Raleigh, Weibull and Gamma distributions. Reliability modeling and assessment Reliability Logic Diagram (RLD), types of systems - repairable and non-repairable. System configuration series, parallel, m out of n, standby systems, redundancy. Types and influence on reliability of subsystems. System reliability and evaluation methods - inspection methods, event space method, path tracing method, decomposition method and cut-set and tie-set method. Upper and lower bounds on system reliability. Reliability data analysis Data acquisition, documentation and storage problem. Derivation of various reliability parameters from data. Analysis of constant hazard, data and estimation of reliability parameters. Basic reliability design consideration Simple creative designs. Reliability consideration, reliability optimization with reference to some given constraints. Reliability and redundancy apportionment procedures. Fault tree analysis Fault tree construction, direct evaluation of fault trees, fault tree evaluation by cut-sets. Maintenance models Definition of maintainability and availability, preventive maintenance and assessment of influence on reliability/availability of a system.

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Text Books/references: 1. M. L. Shooman - Probabilistic Reliability: An Engineering Approach, McGraw-Hill, 1968. 2. E. E. Lewis - Introduction to Reliability Engineering, John Wiley and Sons. 3. K. C. Kapur and L. R. Lamberson - Reliability Engineering Design, PHI, 1985. 4. W G. Ireson - Reliability Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 1966. 5. A. K. Govil - Reliability Engineering, TMH, 1994.

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ET 865 Optical Communication Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Introduction Advantages of communication. Elements of optical communication link. Optical Fibers Ray theory, fiber cables, step index and graded index fibers. Numerical apertures attenuation dispersion, modal noise and polarization. Fiber modes, single-mode fibers, ultimode fibers. Fiber splices and joint losses. Connectors. Dispersion, mode coupling, and loss mechanics. Glass materials, fiber fabrication, and characterization techniques. Optical Sources Basic concepts, optical emission from semiconductor injection lasers. Multimode and single mode, injection lasers. Laser characteristics. LEDs structures and characteristics. Modulation response, modulation of lasers and LEDs. Source-fiber coupling. Detectors and Receivers Photodetectors, receivers. Receiver noise and sensitivity. Photo detector noise and thermal noise. Receiver structures, preamplifiers and receiver performance calculations. Optical Communication Systems System design: link power budget, rise time budget and range System design. Line coding LED and laser drive circuits. AGC and equalization. Subcarrier modulation and coherent systems. Single-Wavelength Fiber-Optic Networks (FDDI, SONET) Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM) Text Books / references: 1. J. Senior - Optical Fiber Communications, Prentice Hall International. 2. G. Keiser - Optical Fiber Communication, McGraw-Hill. 3. J. Gowar -- Optical Communication Systems, PHI.

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ET 865 Biomedical Engineering Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours Introduction Development of biomedical instrumentation. Biometrics. Physiological systems of the body. Problems encountered in measuring a living system. Physiological effects of electical Current. Shock hazard from electrical equipment. Methods of accident prevention. Bioelectric potential Resting membrane potential of nerves. Nerve action potential. Propagation of action potential. Neuromuscular transmission. Contraction and excitation of smooth muscles. Cardiovascular instruments The heart and cardiovascular system. Measurement of blood pressure and flow. Cardiac output. Plethysmography, heart sounds, pacemakers, defibrillators. Electrocardiogram (ECG) Temporal and special characteristics of normal ECG Electrocardiography leads. Vectorial analysis of normal ECG. Electrocardiography interpretation of cardiac abnormalities. Digital signal processing methods (LPC, digital filters etc.) for detection of diagnostic parameters of ECG signals. Patient Monitoring System Elements of intensive care monitoring. Diagnosis, calibration and reparability of patient monitoring equipment. Instrumentation for the mechanics of breathing. Respiratory therapy equipment. Temperature measurements. Ultrasonic measurements and diagnosis. The nervous system Anatomy of the nervous system and neuronal communication. Somatic nervous system and spinal reflexes. Automatic nervous system Characterization of electroencephalographic (EEG) signal. Psychophysilogical measurements. Instruments for testing motor responses. Instruments for sensory measurements. Biotelemetry Physiological parameters adaptable to Biotelemetry. Components of a biotelemetry system. Implantable units. Application of telemetry in patient care.

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X-ray and radioisotope instrumentation Generation of ionizing radiation. Instrumentation of diagnostic X rays. Instrumentation for the medical use of radioisotopes. Radiation therapy. Medical imaging Principles of CAT scan. MRI and Ultrasound imaging. Sampling, interpolation and reconstruction. Image enhancement and restoration. Image quantization.

Text Books/references : 1 L. Cromwell, F. J. Weibell and E. A. Pfeiffer- Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, PHI, 1996, 2/e.

2. A. C. Guyton - Textbook of Medical Physiology, Prism Books Pvt Ltd., Bangalore. 3. J. G. Webster - Medical Instrumentation: Application and Design, John Wiley and Sons. 4. L. A. Geddes and L. E. Baker - Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrurnentation, John Wiley and Sons.

5. Z. H. Cho, J. P. Jones and Manbir Singh - Foundations of Medical Imaging, John Wiley and Sons.

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ET 865 Satellite Communications Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time: 3 hours

Introduction History of satellite communications. Overview of the course. This course consists of three parts. The first part addresses the satellite systems covering the topics of orbits and constellations, satellite space segment, and propagation and satellite links. The second part reviews satellite communications techniques including modulation, coding, multiple access and on-board processing. The third part presents various satellite communications systems and applications with emphasis on recent development in LEO satellite systems for personal communications.

Satellite Systems Orbits and constellations: GEO, MEO and LEO. Satellite space segment. Propagation and satellite links; Free-space loss. Attenuation, polarization, fading and scintillation. Link budget analysis. Satellite Communications Techniques Modulation and coding techniques. Digital modulation schemes: FEC and ARQ. Multiple Access: FDMA, TDMA and CDMA. Aloha and Demand assignment. On-board processing techniques. Satellite Communications Systems and Applications INTELSAT systems. VSAT networks. GPS. GEO, MEO and LEO mobile communications: INMARSAT systems, Iridium, Globalstar and Odyssey Broadband and Multimedia Systems Spaceway and Teledesic.

Text Books / references :

1. 2.

M. Richharia - Satellite Communication Systems, Second edition, 1999. Pratt, Bostian, and Allnutt - Satellite Communication Systems, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2003 D. Roddy - Satellite Communications, McGraw-Hill Professional, 2001. M. Richharia - Satellite Communication Systems, McGraw Hill, 1999. G. Maral & M. Bousquet - Satellite Communication Systems, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1999.

3. 4. 5.

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ET 865 Advanced Processor Architechture Theory: 100 marks Sessional: 75 marks Time 3 hours Cost / Performance Issues in high performance processor design. Performance matrices, architectural abstractions, the instruction-set architecture. Instruction set Principles and design, case studies. The Arithmetic Unit Arithmetic instructions and various methods of implementation. The Data path and Control Unit Data path requirements for different instruction classes. Fixed-Cycle Vs Variable Cycle instruction implementation. Approach to Control Unit design. FSM control and micro programmed control. Exceptions and exception handling. Performance Enhancement Techniques Pipelining and memory, hierarchy. Data path pipelining. Instruction level pipelining. Performance issues in pipelining. Software pipelining. Space-time locality and cache memory. Virtual memory, paging and TLB. I/0 Interface I/O performance measures. Interfacing I/O to the memory, processor and OS. Case Studies (in brief) Intel X86 family and the Pentium. RISC architectures like MIPS, SPARC, Power PC and PARIC. Introduction to DSP Architectures Key issues in DSP architecture design, pipelining and parallelism in instruction set. On chip memories and I/O peripherals. Introduction to ADSP 21XX / 210XX family and TMS 320CXX family DSPs. Software and hardware developmant tools.

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Text Books / References: 1. D. A. Patterson and J. L. Hennessy: "Computer organization and design", Morgan Kaufman, 1998, 2/e. J. M. Feldman and C.T. Retter: "Computer Architecture - A designer's text based on generic RISC, McGraw-Hill, 1994.

2.

3. D.Tabak: "Advanced Microprocessors", McGraw Hill, 1995. 4. J. P. Hayes: "Computer Architecture and Organization", McGraw-Hill, 1988, 2/e. 5. M. Mano "Computer System Architecture". PHI, 1993 3/e.

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