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• Because of the danger, you must be 18- pesticides USE OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Information years-old to operate a chainsaw, wood-
chipper, and other dangerous machinery, Pesticides are used in landscaping, Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause
! and you should be trained on the safe use greenhouses and nurseries to kill of on-the-job deaths. You can keep yourself
About Your Job! of the equipment. pests and can be dangerous to humans. safe if you:
• Wear work clothes that help protect • Always wear your seat belt.
Heat Stress
you from pesticides, such as a hat, long • Always inspect your vehicle before
This guide was created especially for
When you are working in hot weather, sleeves, long pants, and sturdy shoes. driving. Make sure that trailers and
young workers in the landscaping,
the heat can make you ill. Heat stress • You may not mix, load, apply, or handle equipment are properly secured.
greenhouse, and nursery industries. It
is serious—as the symptoms get pesticides unless your boss gives you
provides important information about • Always stay alert and keep a safe
worse, they become life-threatening. special training and provides you with the
how to work safely, such as how to distance from the vehicle in front
protect yourself from pesticides, heat Know the early signs of heat stress, protective equipment required on the label. of you.
stress, electrocution, and slips and trips. which include: dizziness, headache, • If a pesticide is spilled or sprayed on • Do not eat, use a cell phone, or do other
It also outlines what rights you have as fatigue, and cramps. Fainting, rapid you, wash yourself with soap and water, things that distract you while driving.
a young worker. breathing, slurred speech, nausea, shampoo your hair, and put on clean
clothes right away. • Avoid riding in the bed of a pick-up or
confusion, or convulsions are more serious
Carry the guide in your pocket while other trucks. Never ride outside of the
signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. • If you begin to feel dizzy or sick to your
you work and share it with your co- cab if you are under 18-years-old.
workers. Together, you can help ensure To avoid heat stress: stomach, or your eyes, skin, or throat
that your workplace is a safer place. burn, seek immediate medical care.
• Drink at least one cup of water every trimmers & MoWers
• Always wash work clothes separately
How old must I be to work in 15 minutes. from your family’s laundry. • Wear gloves, safety glasses, earplugs,
landscaping, greenhouses, • Take breaks in a shady or cool area. and boots to protect yourself.
or nurseries?
•  Avoid caffeine and alcohol. Lifting • Keep your hands and body away from
• Generally you must be at rotating blades until the motor
least 16-years-old. At the first serious signs of heat exhaustion Use these tips when lifting:
is off and the blades are at
or heat stroke:
• Ask for help before lifting a heavy or a complete stop.
• You must be at least 17 to drive a mo-
tor vehicle on a public road or highway • Call 911 or the local emergency awkward load. • Pick up objects from the
as part of your job. number—this is a potentially life- lawn before mowing to
• Use dollies and hand trucks to move large
threatening emergency! prevent injuries from
or heavy items.
• You must be 18-years-old to work as flying objects, such
• Cool down, get to a shady or cool
an “outside helper”, riding on a motor • Keep the load close to your body and as stones.
area, remove extra clothing,
vehicle outside the cab on any public directly in front of you.
and drink water.
road or highway. • Avoid lifting objects from the ground. When
possible store heavy items at waist level.
noise How to find help

Hearing loss from noise is gradual, painless, A Safe & Healthy workplace This guide is provided as a public service. For
and permanent but can be prevented. Wear You have the right to: more information or to file a complaint, contact
earplugs or muffs when working with loud the federal agencies listed below. Their services
equipment. • A safe and healthy workplace. are free.
• Tell your employer about unsafe or
slips & Trips unhealthy work conditions. Concern agency contact
It is easy to lose your balance when land- • Report unsafe or unhealthy work Safety & health OSHA Occupational Safety & A Safety & Health Guide
scaping. Tips you can use to avoid slips and conditions to OSHA and do so information, Health Administration
for Young Workers in Landscaping,
confidentially. inspections, 800-321-OSHA
trips include: investigations, TTY: 877-889-5627 Greenhouses, & Nurseries
& complaints www.osha.gov
• Do not run while on the job. You may not be fired or punished for: For more safety and health information for young
Pesticides, pest EPA Environmental Protection workers, please visit us at www.youngworkers.net.
• Remove anything from the ground • Raising concerns about workplace safety control, heat stress Agency
that could make you trip before you or health; 800-858-PEST
TTY: 202-272-0165
start the job.
• Contacting OSHA; www.epa.gov/pesticides
• Wear sturdy boots or shoes with ESA Employment Standards
• Participating in an OSHA inspection; or Wages, hours of
non-slip soles. work, types of Administration, Wage & Hour Division
• Refusing to work if 1) you are in serious jobs you can do 866-4US-WAGE
and immediate danger, 2) you ask your TTY: 877-889-5627
electric Shock www.youthrules.dol.gov
employer to fix it and he doesn’t, 3) there
Use these tips to avoid being electrocuted: is no time to call OSHA, and 4) there is no Discrimination & EEOC Equal Employment
harassment Opportunity Commission
other way to do the job safely. 800-669-4000
• Check electrical cords and cables for TTY: 800-669-6820
defects and proper grounding. In order to get help you must report to OSHA www.youth.eeoc.gov
within 30 days of the firing or other punishment.
• Turn off and unplug tools and Safety & health NIOSH National Institute of
equipment before you clean, check, or information, Occupational Safety & Health

do maintenance on the equipment. equal employment opportunity statistics & research 800-35-NIOSH
• Keep power tools and equipment You have a right to work without being treated Lead-based paint, HUD Housing & Urban
away from water. differently because of your race, skin color, mold, allergy, asthma, Development
or other unsafe or un- 202-755-1785
• Never touch a fallen power line. religion, gender, national origin, disability, or healthful conditions www.hud.gov/offices/lead
age (age 40 or older). Your employer cannot in homes
• Stay a safe distance from power lines
fire or punish you for reporting these concerns.
when working in trees, on metal ladders,
or when carrying metal ladders.