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Glossary

Term Indicates
A Symbol of Siva, short form of anuttara (the Supreme); the
letter pervading all the other letters of the alphabet.
Abhasana appearance; esoteric meaning - srsti- emanation
Abhava Non-ens; void.
Abhinna Non-different, identical
AbhiSheka anointment, holy bathing
Abhiyoga Backward reference of awareness
Abhoga Expansion; camatkara or spiritual delight.
Abuddha What is known as the awakened state for the common man
is from the standpoint of the Yogi abuddha or unawakened
state i.e. a state of spiritual ignorane.
AchAra observance, discipline
Adhah-kundalini the field of Kundalini from Lambika to one-three-fourths of
its folds in the Muladhara
AdhAra base, any of the six mystical chakras
Adhikara Office, prerogative, right
Adhisthana Substratum, support
Adhisthatr The superintending, governing, presiding principle. Anu-
One that breathes i.e. the limited, conditioned experient.
Adho-vaktra Medhra-Kanda, situated at the root of the rectum
Adhva Adhva literally means course or path. Suddha Adhva is the
intrinsic course, the supramundane manifestation. Asuddha
adhva is the course of mundane manifestation.
Adhvan (Adhva) journey, way, course
Adi koti The first edge or point i.e. the heart from which the
measure of breath is determined.
Advaya One without a second
Advaita non-dualism, a Hindu philosophy
Agama Revealed text, traditional knowledge, Dynamic scripture,
Scripture explaining the implementation aspects of
spirituality
Aghora The merciful Siva
Aghora Saktis The Saktis that lead the conditioned experients to the
realization of Siva
Aghoresa An aspect of Isvara below Suddha vidya giving rise to
asuddha tattvas like maya; Anantanatha.
Agni kArya the fire ritual
Agni (symbolic) Pramata-knower or subject.
Agnisomatmika The parasakti (highest sakti) that brings about srsti
(manifestation) and samhara (withdrawal) of the universe.
Agnisomamayam The universe which is of the nature of pramana
(knowledge) and prameya (objects).
AGYA chakra mystic centre at the brow junction, sixth centre
AGYAna unwisdom, ignorance
Aham I, absolute I
Aham-bhava I-feeling; I-consciousness
AhaMkAra the "I" feeling, I-making principle, ego
Ahanta I-consciousness; I-ness
Ahimsa non-violence
Ajnanam The primal limitation (mala); Ajnana in this system does
not mean absence of knowledge, but contracted or limited
knowledge. Being inherent in Purusa on account of which
he considers himself as of limited knowledge and limited
activity, it is known as Paurusa-Ajnana. Being inherent in
Buddhi, it leads one to form all kinds of asuddha vikalpas
(thought-constructs devoid of essential Reality) and is thus
known as Bauddha Ajnana.
Akala The experient established in Siva tattva and identified with
Siva.
Akasa Space, ether; the sky; the infinite;
Akhyati ignorance
Akrama Succession less manifestation of the essential nature;
Sakta Yoga.
Akrtrima Natural; inartificial
Akhyati Primal Ignorance; Mahamaya
Akshara, Axara letter
Akshata, Axata rice grains (usually in the context of worship or blessing)
Akula Siva
Alamgrasa 'Alam' in this context means , atyartham i.e., to the
utmost, and grasa means swallowing, consuming i.e.,
completely reducing to sameness with Self. Bringing
experienced object completely to sameness with the
consciousness of the Self, when no impression of samsara
as separate from consciousness is allowed to remain.
Alayam temple, kOvil, mandir
Amayiya Beyond the scope of Maya; Amayiya sabda is one which
does not depend on convention, in which the word and the
object are one.
Amba The highest Sakti of the Divine.
Amrta Ambrosia; the spiritual state in which further involution in
matter is annulled.
Amrta varna the letter 'sa'
Amudha Sentient
AnAhata The mystic centre at the heart, fourth centre
Anacka Sounding the consonants without the vowels; esoteric
meaning-'concentrating on any mantra back to the source
where it is unuttered'.
Ananda Bliss; the nature of Sakti; the essential nature of Parama
Siva along with Cit; the letter 'a'.
Anandamayakosa The sheath of bliss
Annamayakosa The gross physical sheath
Ananda-upaya Realization os Siva-nature without any yogic discipline.
Also known as Ananda Yoga or Anupaya.
Anasrita-siva The state of Siva in which there is no objective content yet,
in which the universe is negated from Him.
Anantabhattaraka The presiding deity of the Mantra experients.
Anava ego
ANavam ego
Anava mala Mala or limitation pertaining to anu or the empirical
individual; innate ignorance of the jiva; primal limiting
condition which reduces universal consciousness to a jiva,
depriving consciousness of sakti and sakti of consciousness
and thus bringing about a sense of imperfection.This
limitation works in two ways-(1) while the sense, of
doership is present, there is loss of bodha or prakasa, i.e.
considering inconscient thngs like sunya, buddhi, prana, or
body as the Self. (2) While there is bodha or prakasa,
there is loss of the sense of activity or doership.
Anavopaya The means whereby the anu or the empirical individual
uses his own karanas or instruments i.e. senses, prana and
manas for self-realization. It includes disciplines concerning
the regulation of prana, rituals, japa, concentration, etc.
Anava Samavesa Identification witht the Divine by the above means.
Anava upaya The Yoga whereby the individual utilizes his senses, prana
and manas for Self-realization. It consists generally of
uccara, karana, dhyana, varna, and sthanakalpana. It is
also known as Anava yoga, Bhedopaya and Kriya-yoga or
Kriyopaya
Antakoti The last edge or point; it is dvadasanta a measure of
twelve fingers.
Antahkarana The innerorgan, comprising manas (mind), buddhi
(intellect or determinative faculty), citta (pleasure-seeking
faculty), and, ahamkara (ego).
Antahstha Lit; standing in between, the letters ya, ra, la, va are
known as antahsta letters. According to Siksa (Phonetics)
and Vyakarana (Grammar), they are called antahstha,
because they stand between vowels and consonants, they
are neither purely vowels, nor purely consonants or they
are so called, because they stand between letters.
According to Ksemaraja, they are called antahstha because
they are determined by Maya and her kancukas which
operate from within the mind of man.
Abhinavagupta, however, says that since the formation of
the antahstha letters is due to iccha and unmesa saktis
which are inner forces and are identified with the pramata
(subject), they are rightly called antahstha
Antaratma The conditioned inner soul consisting of puryastaka or
subtle body. It is called inner as contrasted with the gross
body which is the outer covering of the soul.
Antarmukhibhava Introversion of consciousness.
Antarvyoma The interior space where prana and apana are dissolved.
Anu 'Aniti svasiti iti anuh'- one who breathes i.e. the jiva- the
empirical individual; the limited, conditioned experient,
conditioned by the body, puryastaka and prana; the nature
is the empirical mind; the Maya-pramata, the experient
dominated by Maya.
Anugraha blessing, grace,
AnumAna inference
Anupaya Spontaneous realization of Self without any special effort.
Anusandhana Lit; investigation; tracking a matter to its source. In Yoga,
repeated intensive awareness of the Source or essential
Reality.
Anusandhata One who joins the succeeding experience into a unity.
Anusvarva Nasal sound on the top of a letter; representation of Siva.
Anusyuta Strung together; connected uninterruptedly.
Anuttara (1) The Highest; the Supreme; Parama Siva; the Absolute
(lit. one than whom nothing is higher). (2) The vowel 'a'
Apana The vital vayu that goes in downwards towards the anus;
the inhaled air. soma and jiva are synonyms of apna
Apara Lower; lowest, immanent
Apasusakti One whose bondage has disappeared and who has become
a free being (pati) like Sadasiva.
apaurusheya not man-made
Apavarga Liberation
Apavedya susupti Profound sleep in which there is absolutley no awareness of
any object whatsoever
archana salutation, praise
archaka priest
ArAdana worship
AraNyaka class of religious and philosophical writings (associated
with brAhmaNa)
Ardhacandra Lit., demi-lunar; the second stage in the ardhamatra (half
of a mora) in the japa or recitation of Aum; subtle energy
of sound.
Arhata Jaina
Artha object; end; sense-object; meaning; notion; aim; wealth
aruL grace
aShTAnga with eight limbs (parts)
aShTottara 108 names
(satanAma)
Asana Exoteric meaning- 'A particular posture of the body.'
Esoteric meaning- 'Being established in the Self.' sitting
posture
Asat Non-being
Asaya Disposition of mind, antah-karana or the psychic
apparatus; mental deposits lying in the unconscious.
Ashrama 1. hermitage, 2. Stage of life (The four stages are
brahmacharya, gArhasthya, vAnaprastha, sanyAsa)
Asuddha vidya Knowledge of a few particulars; limited knowledge;
empirical knowledge.
Asuddhi Impurity, limitation
Asunya Non-void
Asyanata shrunken state; dried state; congealment; solidification
Atharva-veda One of the section of the Vedas
Atisanta padam The state of Parama Siva beyond the tattvas.
Atmaboddha (Lit., Self-Knowledge) The name of a sanskrit work written
by Sankaracharya
Atman Self
Atma-labha Realization of Self
Atmasatkr Reducing to sameness with the Self.
Atma-visranti Resting in the Self
Atma-vyapti Realization of the Self without the realization of the all-
inclusive Siva-nature.
AtmArtha spiritual, self intended
Aunmukhya Because of His inherent ananda, the intentness of Siva
towards manifestation; the rising of Iccha Sakti towards
creativity.
Avadhana Constant attentiveness.
Avastha State; condition
Avesa Entry; absorption
Avikalpa Intuitive apprehension, free of all thought-construct.
Avikalpa Direct realization of Reality without any mental activity.
(Nirvikalpa) Jnana
Avikalpa Sensuous awareness without any perceptual judgement,
(Nirvikalpa) unparticularised awareness.
pratyaksa
Aviveka Non-awareness of the Real, moha or delusion; ignorance;
non-discernment
AvuDaiyAr gomukhi, the base of the shiva linga (circular or square)
facing north regulating the thIrtha out
Avyakta Non-manifest; unmanifest
bahir (pUja, outside
mukha ......)
Bahirmukhata Externalization, extroversion of consciousness
Baindavi kala Baindavi-pertaining to Bindu or the knower, Kala -will
power. Baindavi kala is that freedom of Parama Siva by
which the knower always remains as the knower and is
never reduced to the known, svatantrya sakti
Bala Cid-bala, power of the true Self or Universal
Consciousness.
Bandha (1) Bondage; (2) Limited knowledge (3) Knowledge
founded on primal ignorance (4) Yogic practice in which
certain organs of the body are contracted and locked.
Bala Cid-bala, power of Universal Consciousness or true Self.
Bauddha ajnana The ignorance inherent in Buddhi by which one considers
his subtle or gross body as the Self on account of asuddha
vikalpas
Bauddha jnana Considering oneself as Siva by means of suddha vikalpas
bhAga part
bhagavan glorious, divine
bhakta devotee
Bhakti (apara) Devotion; intense feeling and will for being united with
Siva.
Bhakti (para) The constant feeling of being united with Siva and the
supreme bliss of that consciousness.
Bharita plenitude, fulness
bhasma, thiruniiru ash, vibhUti
bhAShya commentary, elucidation
Bhava Existence both internal and external; object
Bhavana The practice of contemplating or viewing mentally oneself
and everything else as Siva; jnana yoga; Sakta upaya;
creative contemplation; apprehension of an inner,
emergent divine consciousness.
Bhava-sarira Consideration of sound, etc. as one's Self.
Bhairava (apara) Siddhas who have unity-consciousness and consider the
whole world as identical with Self.
Bhairava (para) Parama Siva; the Highest Reality. This is an anacrostic
word, bha, indicating bharana, maintenance of the world,
ra, ravana, or withdrawal of the world, and va, vamana or
projection of the world.
Bhairava Agama Sixty-four Saiva Agamas that teach non-dualism.
Bhairava Liberated Sivas who are established in unity-consciousness
(Teachers) and teach the sixty-four non-dualistic sastras
Bhairavi Sakti of Bhairava
Bhairava mudra This is a kind of psycho-physical condition brought about
or Bhairavi mudra by the following practice 'Attention should be turned
inwards; the gaze should be turned outwards, without the
twinkling of the eyes'.
Bhairava Identity with Parama Siva
Samapatti
Bheda difference
Bhoga experience, sometimes used in the narrow sense of
'enjoyment'.
Bhokta experient
Bhrumadhya the centre or middle of the eye-brows.
Bhucari Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with the bhavas or
existent objects. Bhu means existence; hence existent
objects are the sphere of 'bhucari'
Bhumika Role
Bhuta Gross physical element
Bhutakaivalya Withdrawal of the mind from the elements.
Bhuta-jaya Control over the elements.
Bhuta-prthaktva Detachment of the essential Self from the elements.
Bhuta-sarira Consideration of the gross physical body as the Self
Bhuvana becoming; place of existence; world; place of being,
abode.
Bhuvana adhva The third spatial existence, namely world. There are 108
bhuvanas
Bija (1) Visva Karanam sphurattatma parasaktih i.e., the active
light of the highest Sakti which is the root cause of the
universe. (2) vowel. (3) The mystical letter forming the
essential part of the mantra of a deity. (4) The first syllable
of a mantra.
bIja (mantra) seed (mantra)
Bijavasthapana setting of the seed, esoteric meaning, 'vilaya'-concealment
of true nature.
Bindu or Vindu (1) A point, a metaphysical point. (2) Undivided Ligth of
Consciousness. (3) The compact mass of sakti gathered
into an undifferentiated point ready to create (4) Parah
pramata, the Highest Self or Consciousness. (5) Anusvara
or nasal sound , suggesting the fact that Siva in spite of
the manifestation of the universe is undivided. (6) A
specific teja or light appearing in the centre of the eye-
brows by the intensity of meditation.
Bindu written also as Vindu, a point; a metaphysical point;
ghanibhuta sakti,- the compact mass of Sakti gathered into
pramata-the highest Self or Consciousness; the anusvara
or nasal sound indicated by a dot on a letter indicating the
fact that Siva in spite of the manifestation of the universe
is undivided.
Bodha Enlightenment; spiritual awakening.
Brahma The deva of creation. One of the trimUrti (In Sankara
Vedanta) Pure foundational Consciousness without activity;
unlimited knowledge devoid of activity. (In Saiva
Philosophy) Pure foundational consciousness full of
svatantrya sakti i.e. unimpeded power to know and do any
and every thing; parama Siva
Brahmajnana The knowledge of Brahman
Brahmanadi Susumna or the central pranic channel or nerve.
Brahmanirvana Resting in pure jnana tattva devoid of activity; the state of
Vijnanakala
Brahmarandhra The Sahasrara Cakra ; the pranic centre at the top of the
head.
Brahma-sutra An authoritative treatise on Vedanta philosophy ascribed to
Vyasa. Same as Vedanta-sutras
Brahmavada Sankara Vedanta
Brahmananda The fourth stage of ananda (joy) in anavopaya experienced
by resting of consciousness on Samana prana resulting
from the unified combination of multifarious objects.
brahman Supreme Being, Absolute
brAhmaNa 1. one pursuing brahman, one of the four sections of
society
2. portion of vedas describing the application of the
mantras
brahmarandhram aperture in the head of the head through which the soul is
said to escape on leaving body
Buddha One awakened to the light of consciousness
Buddhi Sometimes the higher mind; the super-personal mind; the
ascertaining intelligence; the intuitive aspect of
consciousness by which the essential Self awakens to
truth.
buddi intellect
Caitanya The foundational Consciousness which has absolute
freedom of knowing and doing, of jnana and kriya sakti<
Cakra The group or Collective whole of saktis
Cakresvara The master or lord of the group of saktis
Camatkara Bliss of the pure I-consciousness; delight of artistic
experience.
Candra Prameya or object of knowledge; the apana prana or nadi
(channel or nerve)
Caramakala The highest phase of manifestation known as Santyatita or
Santatita Kala
Carvaka the materialist
Carvaka Darsana materialistic philosophy
Cetana Parama Siva, Self, Conscious individual.
Cetya Knowable, object of consciousness.
charyA practice, observance
Cheda Cessation of prana and apana by sounding of anacka
(vowel-less) sounds.
chit consciousness, perception
Cidakasa The ether of consciousness
Cidghana Mass of consciousness
Cidananda lit., consciousness and bliss, (1) The nature of ultimate
Reality consisting of consciousness and bliss. (2) The sixth
stratum of ananda in uccara yoga of anava upaya
Cidanandaghana Mass of Consciousness-bliss
Cinta thought; idea
Cit The Absolute; foundational consciousness; the
consciousness that is the unchanging principle of all
changes.
Citi The consciousness-power of the Absolute that brings about
the world-process.
Citi-cakra Samvit-Cakra- the senses
Citkala Energy of consciousness
Citprakasa Light of consciousness
Citta the individual mind, the limitation of Citi or Universal
Consciousness manifested in the individual mind, the mind
of the empirical individual, consisting mainly of Sattva, the
mind of the Maya-pramata
Citta pralaya Dissolution of the empirical mind in the higher
consciousness
Citta sambodha Awakening of the individual mind
Citta visranti Repose of the empirical mind in the higher consciousness
Damaru a small drum
Dardhya Firmness of mind or concentration.
Darsana Seeing; system of philosophy
dEvAram, The great Tamil hymns sung by saints sambandar, appar &
tEvAram sundarar on Lord shiva, first seven parts of thirumuRai,
specifically 4th to 6 th thirumuRai - appar dEvAram
Desa Space; region
Desa adhva Kala, tattva, and bhuvana
deva 1. divine, 2. essentials, elements
devi divine (feminine)
dharma righteousness, virtue, law, duty
Dharana Meditation; contemplation
Dhruva (1) Anuttara stage
dhUpa fragrant smoke, incense
dhvaja flag
Dhvani Yoga A dharana of anava upaya consisting of concentration on
anahata nada (unstruck sound) arising within through
prana sakti. This is also known as Varna Yoga
Dhyana meditation
Dhyani meditator
Dhyana Yoga The highest dharana of anava upaya in which pramana
(knowledge), prameya (object of knowledge) and pramata
(knower) are resulted as aspects of Samvid or foundational
consciousness.
Dik Space
Dikcari Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with bahiskaranas or
outer senses.
Diksa (1) The gift of spiritual knowledge (2) The initiation
ceremony pertaining to a disciple by which spiritual
knowledge is imparted and the residual traces of his evil
deeds are purified.
dIpa light
Dis Direction
Divya mudra Khecari mudra
Drdha Stable in concentration
Drsti Comprehensive vision
dyAna meditation
dvaita dualism
Dvadasanta Distance or end of 12 fingers. This is measured in various
ways: (1) A distance of 12 fingers from the tip of the nose
in outer space is known as bahya dvadasanta (2) A
distance of 12 fingers from the bahya dvadasanta to the
centre (hrdaya) of the body is known as antara dvadasanta
(3) A distance of 12 fingers from hrdaya upto Kantha. (4)
There is a dvadasanta from the palate to the middle of the
eye-brows. (5) There is a dvadasanta from the middle or
centre of the eye-brows upto Brahmarandhra. This is
known as urdhva dvadasanta. This distance is of use only
when the kundalini awakens.
dvAdashAnta mystic place twelve units above the head
Ekanava Pasyanti vak
ekAtma vAda the philosophy that only one soul exists (in the entire
world)
Gaganangana Cit-sakti, consciousness-power
ganga The river Ganges, the holy river that flows down from
himAlayam
gaNapati, gaNesh The chief of the organised forces, Often refers to
vignEshwara - the eldest son of Lord shiva
Garbha Akhyati, primal, ignorance; Mahamaya
garbhagR^iham sactum sanctorum, the main and core abode in the temple,
mUlasthAnam
gAyatri one of the chandas (meters), a famous mantra
Ghora Saktis The Saktis or deities that draw the jivas towards worldly
pleasures.
Ghoratari saktis The Saktis or deities that push the jivas towards a
downward path in samsara
Gocari Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with the antahkarana
of the experient, 'Go' means sense; antahkarana is the
seat of the senses; hence Gocari is connected with
antahkarana.
gomukhi AvuDaiyAr, the base of the shiva linga (circular or square)
facing north regulating the thIrtha out
gOpura tower
Grahaka Knower; Subject; Experient
Grahya Known; object of experience.
grantha composition, book, a script
Granthi Psychic tangle; psychic complex.
Guna-traya Satva, rajas, tamas
guru guide, teacher, preceptor
guru pUja The anniversary day of a saint or n^AyanmAr attaining
liberation in Lord shiva
Guru-vaktra Lit. the mouth of the guru, anugraha sakti; Grace
guNa characters, the three often referred guNas are satva
(peaceful), rajas (fierce) and thamas (dull)
GYAna wisdom
Ha Symbol of Sakti or divine power.
Hamsa the jiva, the soul
Hamsajapa The consciousness of nada-kala
Hathapaka Persistent process of assimilating experience to the central
consciousness of the experient.
havis Clarified butter, ghee, oblation
Hetu Cause
Hetumat Effect
Hrada Lit., Lake; the Supreme Spiritual awareness; It is called a
lake, because it is clear, uncovered by anything, deep, and
infinite
Hrdaya Lit., heart; the central consciousness; Light of Central
Consciousness which is the substratum of all
manifestation; citprakasa
Iccha Will, Representing the letter (i), the Sakti of Sadasiva
Ichha upaya Sambhava-upaya, also known as ichhayoga.
Ichha-Sakti The inseparable innate Will Power of Parama Siva intent on
manifestation; that inward state of Parama Siva in which
jnana and kriya are unified; the predominant aspect of
Sadasiva.
Idam This, object
Idanta This-consciousness; objective consciousness.
Indrajala Lit., the net of Indra; magic; Illusion
Indriya Organ of sense
Indu Prameya or object; apana; kriya-sakti
Isana Representing the letter 'i'. The first inner Sakti of Siva that
acts as the teacher of Saiva Sastra
Isvara-bhattaraka The presiding deity of the Mantresvaras residing in Isvara
tattva
Isvara-tattva The fourth tattva of the system, counting from Siva. In this
the consciousness of 'I' and 'This' is equally prominent. The
consciousness of Sada-Siva is 'I am this'. The
consciousness of Isvara is 'This am I.' Jnana is
predominant in this tattva
Jagadananda The bliss of the Self or the Divine appearing as the
universe, the bliss of the Divine made visible.
Jagat The world-process.
Jagrat Esoteric meaning-Enlightenment, undeluded awakening of
consciousness at all levels.
Jagrat avastha The waking condition.
Jagrat jnana Objective knowledge common to all people in waking
condition. Jagrat: Esoteric meaning-'Jnanam Jagrt'-
Enlightenment, undeluded awakening of consciousness at
all levels.
Japa Recitation; chanting
jaTa matted hair
Jiva The individual soul; the empirical self whose consciousness
is conditioned by the samskaras, of his experience and who
is identified with the limitations of his subtle and gross
constitution.
Jivanmukta The liberated individual who while still living in the physical
body is not conditioned by the limitation of his subtle and
gross constitution and believes the entire universe to be an
expression of Siva or his highest Self.
Jivanmukti Experience of liberation while still living in the body.
Jnana knowledge, the Sakti of Isvara
Jnana Spiritual wisdom; limited knowledge (which is the source of
bondage)
Jnanakanda The part of the Vedas that teaches philosophical wisdom
Jnanin The gnostic; one who has obtained spiritual realization
Jnana Yoga Sakta upaya
Jnana Sakti The power of knowledge of the Absolute
Jyestha The Sakti of Siva that inspires the jiva for Self-realization
or Siva-Consciousness.
jyoti flame
Kaivalya Aloneness; isolation; aloofness from the influence of
prakrti or maya
Kala limited agency; creativity; phase of manifestation; part
letter or word (in ha-kalaparyantam)
Kala time; Sakti or power that determines succession.
Kala (1) The Sakti of consciousness by which all the thirty-six
principles are evolved. (2) Part; particle, aspect (3)
Limitation in respect of activity (Kincitkartrtva). (4) The
subtlest aspect of objectivity, viz., Sastyatita, santa, Vidya,
Pratistha, and Nivrtti
Kala pada The toe of the right foot.
Kala tattva Time-past, present, and future determined by the sense of
succession.
Kala-adhva Temporal course of manifestation, viz., Varna, mantra and
pada
Kalacakra Matrcakra, Sakticakra, Devicakra; the group of letters from
'a' to 'ksa'.
Kalagni Kalagni-bhuvanesa-a particular Rudra in Nivrtti kala
Kala sakti the Sakti or power of the Divine that determines
succession.
Kalasarira That of which the essential nature is activity; Karma mala
kAma desire, lust
Kancuka The covering of Maya, throwing a pall over pure
consciousness (Suddha Samvid) and thus converting Siva
into jiva. They are (1) kala, (2) (asuddha) Vidya, (3) Raga
(4) Niyati and (5) Kala.
Kanda Muladhara psychic centre
Kantha The cakra at the base of the throat
Karana (1) The means of jnana and kriya-antahkarana and
bahiskarana (2) One of the anava upayas in which the
aspirant contemplates over the body and the nervous
system as an epitome of the cosmos.; cause
karaNam instrument, antaHkaraNam (internal performers) are four -
mind, intellect, subconcious mind, ego (manas, buddi,
chitta, ahaMkAra)
Karanesvari Khecari, gocari, dikcari and bhucari cakra
Karanesvaryah Khecari, Gocari, Dikcari and Bhucari cakra
Karika A commentary or a philosophical, grammatical work in
concise statements
Karmakanda The part of the Vedas that deals with rituals and scarifices
Karma mala Mala due to vasanas or impressions left behind on the
mind by Karma or motivated action.
Karmendriya The five powers and organs of action-speaking (Vak),
handling(hasta), locomotion (pada), excreting (payu),
sexual action(upastha)
Kartrtva The state of being the subject.
Karya Effect; objectivity
kanmam, karma Deeds, The effect of deeds, The accumulation of the good,
bad or any deeds one (pashu - soul) has done during this
and previous births
kashmiri shaivam trika philosophy, The shaivite philosophy that ruled the
Kashmir
Kevala Alone. isolated
Kevali One whose sole essence of Self consists in ebing pure
consciousness; One who is established in Self.
Kha-traya Kha-akasa, symbol of consciousness. Kha-traya-The three
akasas,, viz; Sakti, vyapini, and samana situated in the
head from the Vindu between the eye-brows up to
Brahmarandhra. Concentrating in the head, one should rise
higher by means of the above three khas
Khecari Sub-species of Vamesvari Sakti, connected with the
pramata, the empirical self; Khecari is one that moves in
'Kha' or 'akasa', the vast expanse of consciousness.
Khecari-cakra The cakra or group of the saktis that move in the expanse
of consciousness of the empirical subject.
Khecari Mudra The bliss of the vast expanse of spiritual consciousness,
also known as divya mudra or Sivavastha (the state of
Siva).
Khyati Jnana; knowledge; wisdom;
Kosa (Lit., sheath or covering) The following are the five kosas
as described in Vedanta philosophy: (1) the
annamayakosa, or gross physical sheath, made of and
sustained by food; (2) the pranamayakosa, or vital sheath,
consisting of the five pranas or vital forces; (3) the
manomayakosa, or mental sheath; (4)the
vijnanamayakosa, or sheath of intelligence; (5) the
anandamayakosa, or sheath of bliss. These five sheaths
cover the Soul, which is the innermost reality or the jiva
and is untouched by the characteristics of the sheaths.
Koti Point, initial or final
kOvil, kOyil temple, Alayam
Krama Realization of Self by means of Kriya Yoga
Kramamudra A successive occurrence of nimilana and unmilana
samadhi; the condition in which the mind by the force of
samavesa swings alternately between the internal
(essential Self) and the external (the world which now
appears as Siva)
Krida Play or sport of the Divine.
Kriya action, the Sakti of Suddha-vidya Activity; the power of
activity.
Kriya Yoga Anava upaya, also known as Kriyopaya
Kriya Sakti The power of assuming any and every form
(Sarvakarayogitvam Kriyasaktih)
Krtrima Constructed by vikalpa or determinate idea; pseudo reality.
Ksema Preservation of what is obtained
Ksetrajna The empirical subject
Ksobha Identification of 'I' with the gross or subtle body.
Ksetra Holy place; place of pilgrimage.
Ksetrajna The empirical Subject
Kuhana Magic or tickling of the arm-pit
Kula Sakti manifesting herself in 36 tattvas
Kulamarga The discipline for attaining to the Supreme
Kulamnaya The Sakta system or doctrine of realizing the Supreme by
means of all the letters from (a) to (ksa)
Kumari One who carries on the play of the world-process or one
who brings about an end to the difference-creating Maya
Kumbhaka Retention of prana
kumara, The second son of Lord shiva
subrahmaNya,
muruga
Kundali or The creative power of Siva. A distinct sakti that lies folded
Kundalini up in three and a half folds in Muladhara.
Kutilakrti A curved form in which prana flows before the awakening
of Kundalini
Kuta-bija The letter (ksa)
Laya Interiorization of consciousness; dissolution
Lina absorbed
linga symbol, neither form nor formless used to represent the
formless God through a symbol, representation of flame
using solid material (The Supreme Flame is Lord Shiva,
Who stood as infinite column of flame in front of braHma
and viShNu)
Loka Plane of existence
Madhya (1) The central Consciousness; the pure I-consciousness.
(2) The Susumna or central pranic nadi.
Madhyadhama The central nadi in the pranamayakosa, also known as
brahmanadi or Susumna
Madhyama Sabda in its subtle form as existing in the antahkarana
prior to its gross manifestation.
Madhyama-pada the central or middle state.
Madhyamaka Buddhist philosophy that teaches that Reality lies in the
middle and not in any of the tetralemma;
Madhyamika The follower of the Buddhist Madhyamaka philosophy.
Madhyasakti Samvit-sakti, the central Consciousness-power.
Mahabodha the great awakening, the grand illumination.
Mahamantra The great mantra of pure consciousness, of Supreme I-
consciousness.
Mahamaya The state below Suddha Vidya and above Maya in which
(apara) resides the vijnanakala. In this state there is only prakasa
without vimarsa.
Mahahrada The highest, purest I-consciousness. It is called mahahrada
or the great lake because of its limpidity and depth.
Mahamaya (para) The lower stratum of Suddha vidya in which reside the
vidyesvaras who, though considering themselves as of the
nature of pure consciousness take the world to be different
from the Self.
Mahananda In anavopaya, the fifth stage of ananda resulting from the
resting of consciousness on udana agni that devours all the
pramanas and prameyas
Mahanaya Krama discipline
Mahartha The greatest end; the highest value; the pure I-
consciousness; the Kaula discipline.
Mahasatta the Highest Reality which is absolute Light and freedom
and the source of all existence.
Mahasunya the great void
Mahavyapti the grand fusion; the grand pervasion
Mahesvara The highest lord; parama Siva- the Absolute
Mahesvarya The power of Maheshvara, the supreme lord;
Maheswaryadayah Mahesvari and other deities presiding over the groups of
letters.
Mala Dross; limitation; ignorance that hampers the free
expression of the spirit.
Malini Sakti of letters which holds the entire universe within itself
and in which the letters are arranged in an irregular way
from 'na' to 'pha'.
Manas That aspect of mind which co-operates with the senses in
building perceptions, and which builds up images and
concepts, intention and thought-construct.
Manomayakosa The sheath of the mind
Manthana Bhairava that churns i.e. dissolves all objects into Self-
Bhairava consciousness; Svacchanda Bhairava.
Mantra (1) Sacred word or formula to be chanted (2) In Saktopaya
that sacred word or formula by which the nature of the
Supreme is reflected on as identical with the Self. It is
called mantra, because it induces manana or reflection on
the Supreme and because it provides trana or protection
from the whirlgig of transmigratory life. In Saktopaya, the
citta itself assumes the form of mantra. (3) The experient
who has realized the Suddha Vidyatattva
Mantra- The experient who has realized Sasasiva tattva
mahesvara
Mantra-virya The perfect and full I-consciousness; Siva-Consciousness,
the experience of para-vak
Mantresvara The experient who has realized Isvara tattva
maNipUrakam mystic chakra at naval
Marici Sakti
Marut Breath (exhalation or inhalation)
Mati understanding; intuitive intelligence.
Matrka (1) The little unknown mother, the letter and wordpower
which is the basis of all knowledge (2) The paravak sakti
that generates the world.
Matrka-cakra The group of Saktis pertaining to Matrka
Mathika The four traditions of Saiva religion.
Maya from 'ma' to measure, the finitising or limiting principle of
the Divine; a tattva below Suddha vidya, the principle of
veiling the Infinite and projecting the finite; the source of
the five kancukas; the finitising power of Parama Siva
mAya (mAyai) illusion
Maya (In Samkara The beginningless cause that brings about the illusion of
Vedanta) the world.
Maya pramata The empirical self, governed by Maya.
Maya-sakti The sakti of Siva that displays difference in identity and
gives rise to maya tattva; the finishing power of the
Infinite.
Maya tattva The principle that throws a veil over pure consciousness
and is the material cause of physical manifestation, the
source of the five kancukas.
Mayiya mala The limitation due to Maya which gives to the soul its gross
and subtle body, and brings about a sense of difference.
Meya (prameya) Object
Mimamsaka the follower of the Mimamsa system of philosophy
Moha Delusion by which one regards the body as the self; Maya.
Moksa liberation, same as mukti.
moxa, moksha liberation
Mudra (1) Mud (joy), ra (to give); it is called mudra, because it
gives the bliss of spiritual consciousness or because it seals
up (mudranat) the universe into the being of turiya
consciousness (2) Yogic control of certain organs as help in
concentration.
Mudra-krama or The condition in which the mind by the force of samavesa
Krama-mudra swings alternately between the internal (Self or Siva) and
the external (the world which now appears as the form of
Siva).
Mudra-virya The power by which there is emergence of the Supreme I-
consciousness; mantra-virya; khecari state.
Mukta-siva The classes of experients who have acquired Siva-
Consciousness Mantra, Mantresvara, Mantramahesvara,
and experients known as Siva, Rudra and Bhairava
Mukti Liberation from bondage; acquisition of Siva-
consciousness: Jivan-mukti-Liberation while living i.e
acquisition of Siva-consciousness while the physical,
biological and psychic life are still going on. Videha-mukti-
establishment in Siva-consciousness after the mortal body
has been dissolved.
Murti Most manifest Kriya-sakti
mUlasthAnam sactum sanctorum, the main and core abode in the temple,
garbhagruham
Muladhara the pranic centre below the genitals
mUlAdhAram root-support, the first mystic center (chakra) on the
kuNDalini nADi
mUrti manifestation, embodiment, statue
Nada (1) Metaphysical- The first movement of Siva-sakti towards
manifestations. (2) In Yoga- The unstruck sound
experienced in susumna. (3) When Sakti fills up the whole
universe with Nadanta she is designated as Nada. This is
also Sadasiva tattva because of the apposition of I and this
is in the same principle.
Nada interior spontaneous sound
Nada-bindu The first creative pulsation and its compact mass; the
creative sound and light; Sakti and Siva.
Nadanta Subtle energy of pranava
Nadi subtle channel of prana
Nadi-samhara Dissolution of prana and apana into susumna.
naivedyam offering (eatables)
Naiyayika the follower of Nyaya philosophy; logician; dialectician.
namaskAra salutation, prostrating down
n^andhi, nandi Birth-deathless, Often refers to the chief guard of Lord
shiva
Nasika Pranasakti flowing in a zigzag way in Prana, Apana and
Susumna channels.
n^AyanmAr (the people of the Lord), The 63 great devotees who
excelled in their love for the Lord shiva (lived in thamiz
nadu and nearby lands)
Navavargaka Letters pertaining to nine classes
Navatma Of nine forms.
Nibhalana Perception; mental practice.
Nigraha kriya Siva's act of Self-veiling.
Nijananda In anava upaya, the first stage of ananda arising from
concentration on prana leading to the resting of the mind
on the subject or experient.
Nimesa Lit; Closing of the eye-lid, (1) dissolution of the world; (2)
the inner activity of spanda by which the object is merged
into the subject; (3) the dissolution of the Sakticakra in the
Self; (4) the involution of Siva in matter.
Nimilana Samadhi The inward meditative condition in which the individual
consciousness gets absorbed into the Universal
Consciousness.
Nirananda The second stage of ananda in anava upaya resulting from
the fixation of prana-sakti on sunya
Niradhara without support-objective or subjective
Nirasraya without any prop or base
Nirodhika or a subtle energy of pranava
nirodhini
Nirvana Dissolution in Sunya; liberation
Nirvikalpa Devoid of all thought-construct or ideation.
Nirvikalpasamadhi The highest state of samadhi, in which the aspirant realizes
his total oneness with Brahman
Nirvrti Ananda
Nirvyutthana Samadhi (absorption into the Universal Consciousness)
Samadhi which continues even when is not engaged in formal
meditation.
niShkAmya not seeking any favour
Niskala partless; undivided, Siva above manifestation or creation.
Nistaranga free of undulation or commotion.
Nityatva eternity
Nivesa or entry into the Universal Consciousness
nivesana
niyama ritual
Niyati Limitation by cause-effect relation; spatial limitation,
limitation of what ought to be done and what ought not to
be done.
Om The most sacred word of the Vedas; also written Aum. It is
a symbol of both the personal God and the Absolute
pa~nchAmR^itam rasapa~nchAmR^itam
A sweet mixture of cow's milk, curd, ghee (boiled butter),
sugar and honey. (cardamom like nice smelling spices
could also be added.)
pazapa~nchAmR^itam
In the above if the fruits like mango, jack, banana are
added this fruit pa~nchamR^itam could be got
pa~nchagavyam The mixture of the cow's milk, curd, ghee, water and dung.
pa~nchAxara, Holy Five Letters (Syllables), the mantra of Lord shiva held
panchAkshara sacrad most by shaivites, five different forms there - most
common being namaH shivAya and shivAya namaH
Pancakrtya The ceaseless five-fold act of Siva, viz. manifestation
(srsti), maintenance of manifestation (sthiti), withdrawal of
amnifestation (samhara), veiling of Self (vilaya); Grace
(anugraha), or the five-fold act of abhasana, rakti,
vimarsana, bijavasthapana, and vilapana
Panca mantra Isana, Tatpurusa, Sadyojata, Vamadeva, and Aghora
Pancaratra the philosophy of Vaisnavism, the follower of such
philosophy
Pancaratrika followers of Pancaratra system.
Panca-sakti The five fundamental saktis (powers) of Siva, viz, Cit,
Ananda, Iccha, Jnana, and Kriya
Para The Highest; the Absolute
Para pramata The highest experient; Parama Siva
Paramarsa Seizing mentally; experience; comprehension;
remembrance
Paramartha The highest reality; essential truth; the highest goal.
Parama Siva The Highest Reality, the Absolute
paramAtma Supreme Self
Parananda In anava upaya the joy of the third stage that ensues by
the practice of resting on prana and apana in uccara yoga
Parapara The intermediate stage, both identical and different; unity
in diversity
parArtha (pUja) outward / social (worship)
Parasakti The Highest Sakti of the Divine; Citi; Paravak
parashu axe
Paravak The vibratory movement of the Divine Mind that brings
about manifestations; Logos; Cosmic Ideation.
Paricchinna limited
Parinama Transformation
parivAra devata retinue of the main deity in a temple
Pasa Bondage
pAsham (pAcham) bond, impurities (ANavam, kanmam, mAyai) which bind
the pashu
pashu (pachu) creature, any life, all of us - any living being
Pasu The empirical individual bound by avidya or spiritual
nescience
Pasu matarah Mahesvari and other associated saktis active in the various
letters, controlling the life of the empirical selves.
Pasyanti The divine view in undifferentiated form; Vak sakti, going
forth as seeing, ready to create in which there is no
difference between vacya (object) and vacaka (word).
pati (pathi) The Lord, Siva Supreme, Master, Eternal; The experient of
Suddha adhva; the liberated individual
Pati-dasa the status of the highest experient; the state of liberation
Paurusa ajnana The innate ignorance of Purusa regarding his real Self.
Paurusa jnana Knowledge of one's Siva nature after the ignorance of
one's real Self has been eliminated.
Pidhana Krtya The act of Self-veiling; same as vilaya
pradaxiNa, circumambulation, coming around (a deity) taking right
pradakshiNa turns
Prakasa Lit. light; the principle of Self-revelation; consciousness;
the principle by which every thing else is known.
Prakrti or The source of objectivity from buddhi down to earth
Pradhana
Pralaya Dissolution of manifestation
Pralayakala or One resting in Mayatattva, not cognizant of anything;
Pralayakevali cognizant of sunya or void only.
Prama Exact knowledge
Pramana Knowledge; means of knowledge
Pramata the knower; subject; experient
Pramatrta knowership
Prameya Known; object of knowledge; object
Prana Generic name for the vital power; vital energy; life energy;
specifically it is the vital vayu in expiration.
Pranamayakosa The vital sheath
Pranana the animating principle, the principle of all the pranas
Prana-pramata The subject considering prana to be the Self
Prana-bija The letter 'ha'
Pranasakti Vital energy; bioplasma
praNava Om
Pranayama Breath control
Prarabdha karma Action done in a previous life which had begun to bear fruit
in the present life.
Prasada The mantra Sauh
Prasara Expansion; manifestation of Siva in the form of the
universe through His sakti
Prath To expand; unfold; appear; shine
Pratha The mode of appearance
Pratibha (1) Ever creative acitivity of consciousness; (2) The
spontaneous Supreme I-consciousness; (3) Para Sakti
Pratimilana Both nimilana and unmilana i.e. turning of the
consciousness both within i.e into Siva and outside i.e. the
Sakti of Siva, experience of divinity both within and
outside.
pratyAhara drawing back, withholding (from material ties) (1)
Comprehension of several letters into one syllable effected
by combining the first letter of a sutra with its final
indicatory letter. (2) In yoga, withdrawal of the senses
from their objects.
Pratyavamarsa Self-recognition
Prabuddha One greatly awakened to the higher spiritual consciousness
Pratyabhijna Recognition
prANAyAma breath control/exercise
prAyashchittam atonement, expiation
Prithivi The earth tattva
Pumstattva or Pasu pramata; jiva, the empirical Self
Purusa tattva
purANa religious legend (There are eighteen in number)
Purna perfect; full of divine consciousness
Purnatva Perfection
Purnahanta The perfect I-consciousness; non-relational I-
consciousness.
Purusa the Self
Puryastaka Lit., the city of the group of eight i.e the five tanmatras,
buddhi, ahamkara and manas; the suksma sarira (subtle
body)
puruShArtha objectives of human, four in number - dharma, artha,
kAma, moxa
pUja worship
puShkariNi pond, temple tank
Raga One of the kancukas of Maya on account of which there is
limitation by desire; passionate desire.
Rajas The principle of motion, activity and disharmony-a
constituent of Prakrti.
Rakti relish; enjoyment esoteric meaning-'sthiti'- maintenance.
Rasa Flavour; aesthetic rapture.
Rasmi Sakti
Raudri The sakti that induces the pleasure-seeking souls to be
confined to their pleasures.
Ravi Pramana (knowledge); prana
Rekhini The sakti that forms a straight line in the formation of the
letter.
Rig-Veda One of the four Vedas
RiShi, rushi sage, seer
Rodhini The sakti that obstructs the passage to moksa
rudra A form of Lord shiva, as deva of destruction. One of the
trimUrti
Rudra (kalagni) Rudra residing in the lowest plane of Nivrtti kala.
Rudrah The deities that are responsible for manifestation,
maintenance of manifestation, and withdrawal of
manifestation of the world-process; the souls that have
evolved to the status of pati or selves that have realized
Siva-consciousness.
Rudrah (teachers) Exponents of 18 Saivagamas who are mukta Siva
Rudra pramata Mukta Siva
rudrAxa, beed held sacrad by shaivtes, appeared fromthe eye of
rudrAksha rudra
Rudrayamala intimate union of Rudra and His Sakti
Rupa Form; essence.
Sabda sound; word.
Sabda-brahma Ultimate Reality in the form of thought-vibration in which
state thought and word are identical.
Sabda-rasi The group of letters from a to ksa
Sadadhva The six forms of manifestation-three on the subjective side
viz., mantra, varna and pada and three on the objective
side, viz., Kala, tattva and bhuvana
Sadasiva The third tattva, counting from SIva. At this stage, the I-
(Sadakhya tattva) experience is more prominent than this experience-This
tattva is also known as Sadakhya in as much as sat or
being is posited at this stage. Ichha or Will is predominant
in this tattva.
sAdhaka accomplisher, practitioner
sAdhana accomplishment, practice
Sadvidya Suddha Vidya
Saguna Brahman (Lit., Brahman with attributes) The Absolute conceived as
the Creator, Preserver, and Destroyer of the universe;
corresponds to Isvara, or the Personal God.
Sahaja Innate essential nature
Sahaja-vidya Knowledge of the innate essential nature; unmana; pure
divine consciousness in which mental consciousness
ceases, pervasion into Siva-consciousness (Siva-vyapti).
sahasrAra, thousand patal mystic lotus beyond the six chakras
sahasra dala
padma
Sakta-japa The constant remembrance of the Supreme I-
consciousness.
Sakta-samavesa Identification with Supreme Consciousness by means of
Sakta-upaya
Sakta-upaya the means of approach to the Divine through Sakti, the
(Saktopaya) ever-recurring contemplation of the pure thought-construct
of oneself being essentially Siva or the Supreme I-
consciousness.
Sakta-Yoga Same as Sakta-upaya, jnana-yoga
Sakti (1) The power of Siva to manifest, to maintain the
manifestation and to withdraw it (2) The spanda or
creative pulsation of Siva or foundational consciousness.
Sakti-cakra The group of the twelve mahakalis; the goddesses
responsible for creation, etc; the group of Saktis of the
senses; group of mantras; the group of Khecari, etc., the
group of the goddess Srsti, etc.
Saktiman Mahesvara; Siva
Sakti-pancaka The five foundational saktis of Siva, viz., cit, ananda, iccha,
jnana, and kriya.
Sakti-prasara Sakti-vikasa; emergence from Samadhi and retaining that
experience.
Sakti-pata Descent of divine Sakti; Divine grace by which the
empirical individual turns to and realizes his essential
divine nature.
Sakti-sankoca withdrawal of attention from sense-activity and turning it
towards the inner reality.
Sakti tattva The vimarsa aspect, or the foundational I-consciousness of
SIva; the intentness of Siva's I-consciousness to manifest
in the form of the universe; the second of the 36 tattvas.
Sakti-vikasa concentration of attention on the inner consciousness even
when the senses are open to their respective objects.
Sakti-visranti Merging back into Samadhi and resting in that condition.
Samacara Sam-samyak; a-isat; cara-prasarana- external expansion
of the property evolved prana
Samarasya Unison of Siva; identity of Consciousness; identical state in
which all differentiation has disappeared.
samayak kuravar The four stalwarts samban^dhar, appar, sun^dharar,
mANikka vAchakar who by their glorious hymns (which are
part of thirumuRai) gave an excellent energy and
vitalisation to the Shaivam in Tamil Nadu
Samadhi Collectedness of mind in which there is cessation of the
fluctuations of the mind.
Samadhi-sukha The bliss that is experienced in being established in
pramatr-pada i.e in the state of the essential Self or
subject.
samAdi complete absorption of thoughts (into the Supreme Being),
the final stage of aShTAnga yoga
Samana When the unmana sakti begins to display herself in the
form of the universe with sunya and ending with earth,
then descending from the highest state of Pramata
(knowing Self), she is known as Samana in as much as she
has started the mentation of all that is thinkable (asesa-
mananamatrarupatvat samana-Udyota, p.286)
Samana The vital vayu that helps in the assimilation of food etc.,
and brings about equilibrium between prana and apana
Samapatti Sometimes a synonym of samadhi; consummation;
attainment of psychis at-onement.
Samarasa One having the same feeling or consciousness.
Samaveda One of the four Vedas
Samavesa Being possessed by the Divine, absorption of the individual
consciousness in the Divine.
Sambhava- One established in Siva-Consciousness, also known as
pramata Siva-pramata
Sambhava- Identification with Siva without any thought-construct born
samavesa out of profound insight or sambhava upaya
Sambhava upaya Sudden emergence of Siva-Consciousness without any
thought-construct (vikalpa) by a mere hint that one's
essential Self is Siva; also known as Sambhava Yoga or
Icchopaya or Iccha-Yoga
Sambhu An epithet of Siva
samhAra dissolution
samhita 1. Compilation
2. The mantra part of the vedas
samsAraH circuit of worldly life
Sambodha Samyak bodha, full or perfect knowledge of the essential
nature of Reality as a mass of consciousness and bliss
which is the essential nature of Self.
Samghatta Meeting; mental union; concentration.
Samhara Assimilation to the Highest Consciousness.
Samhara krtya The withdrawal or reabsorption of the Universe into Siva
Samsara or Transmigratory existence, the world process
samsrti
Samsarin Transmigratory being.
Samskara the residual traces of the mind lying in the unconscious.
Samvid-samvitti Consciousness; universal consciousness.
Samvit Supreme consciousness in which there is complete fusion
of prakasa and vimarsa, jnana-sakti; svatantrya-sakti; the
supreme I-consciousness.
Samvit-devata From the macrocosmic point of view Samvitdevatas are
khecari, gocari, dikcari and bhucari. From the microcosmic
point of view, the internal and external senses are said to
be samvit-devata.
sAmIpam residing next (to Lord shiva)
Samkalpa resolve; the synthetic activity of thought
Samvahya One who is carried from one form of existence to another:
karmatma, pasu
Sandhana Lit., joining; union, union of the individual consciousness
with the universal Consciousness through fixed, intensive
awareness or one-pointedness.
Sankoca Contraction, limitation.
Sanatana Dharma (Lit., Eternal Religion) The religion of the Hindus,
formulated by the Rishis of the Vedas.
Sandha-bija The four letters- which are unable to give rise to any other
letter.
sAnkhya one of the six systems of Hindu philosophy, attributed to
sage kapila, the system of philosophy that believes in two
fundamental realities, viz., Purusa and Prakrti; the follower
of such system.
sannyAsa (ascetic) practice, renunciation
Sara quintessence
Saiva agama The ten dualistic sastras, eighteen sastras which teach
identity in difference, and sixty-four non-dualistic sastras
expounded by Siva
Saiva yoga or Anava upaya, Sakta upaya and Sambhava upaya
Sadhana
Sakala All the jivas from gods down to the mineral who rest in
maya tattva. They have no knowledge of the real self and
their consciousness is only that of diversity.
Saksat upaya Sambhava upaya
Sksatkara Direct intuitive experience of the essential Self.
sAlOkam residing in the same world (of Lord shiva)
Salokya The state in which the aspirant lives on the same plane
with his chosen deity.
sArUpam having the same form (of Lord shiva)
Sarupya The state in which the aspirant realizes complete identity
with the Divine.
Sarvaga omnipenetrant
Sarvakartrtva Omnipotence
Sarvajna omniscient
Sarvajnatva Omniscience
Sasana Sastra; philosophical text.
Sastha-vaktra Lit., the sixth organ or medhra-kanda, near the root of the
rectum.
Sat Existence which is consciousness
Satta existence; ultimate reality
Sattamatra pure existence, maha satta-transcendental reality.
Sattva (1) The principle of being; light and harmony, a constituent
of Prakrti (2) The inner essential Self.
Satya pramata Para Siva
Saugata Follower of Buddha, a Buddhist
Sausupta Srsti The srsti in which pralayakalas remain
Savikalpa jnana Knowledge which is acquired through the judgement of
Buddhi
Savikalpa Communion with God in which the distinction between
samadhi subject and object is retained
Sayujya The state in which the aspirant realizes identity with the
Divine in the midst of difference.
sAyujyam absorption (into Lord shiva)
shaiva, saiva related to Shiva
shaiva The shaivite philosophy that bloomed in thamiznAdu.
sidhdhantha
shakti Power, The Goddess (The female part of the God)
shaktipAda, descend of divine Grace
saththinipAdham
sharaNaru The set of remarkable devotees who in karnataka spread
the vIra shaivam movement
shAstra instructional scripture
shiva Perfect, Auspicious, The Supreme God
shivAchArya priest, who shows the way to Lord shiva
shloka verse
shrauta vedic
Siddhi Supernormal power
siddi attainment
Sikhanta Brahmarandhra
Siva The good; the name of the Divine in general; the
foundational prakasa or divine light.
Siva (parama) The Absolute; the transcendent divine principle.
Siva Tattva The first of the 36 tattvas; the primal divine light, the
source of all manifestation.
Siva-Vyapti fusion with Siva; absorption of the universe in Siva.
smArta follower of smR^iti
smR^iti, smruti remembrance, social law book
Soma (symbolic) Prameya or object, apana
Soma nadi The Pingala nadi carrying apana
Spanda Apparent motion in the motionless Siva which brings about
the manifestation, maintenance and withdrawal of the
universe; Svatantrya Sakti, creative pulsation.
Sphuratta Gleam; a throb-like gleam of the absolute Freedom of the
Divine bringing about the world-process; spanda; the light
of the spirit.
Srsti letting go; emanation; manifestation.
Srsti-bija Mantra-bija, the Supreme I-consciousness which brings
about manifestation.
Sruti The Vedas
Stabdha immovable.
sthala purANa history of the place/temple
sthala vR^ixa abode tree
Sthana-Kalpana A mode of anava upaya concerned with concentration of
external things.
Sthiti gross
Sthiti Krtya Maintenance of manifestation
Sthula bhutani Gross elements-ether, air, fire, water and earth.
Sthula Sarira Gross physical body.
Sugata The Buddha
Suddha Adhva The course of extra-mundane manifestaion from Siva upto
Suddha Vidya
Suddha tattva Parama Siva
Suddha Vidya The fifth tattva, counting from Siva. In this tattva, the
consciousness of both I and This is equally prominent.
Though the germinal universe is seen differently, yet
identity runs through it as a thread. There is identity in
diversoty at this stage. Kriya is predominent in this tattva.
The consciousness of this state is 'I am I and also this.'
Suddha Vikalpa The thought of one's self being essentially Siva
Suksma Sarira The inner subtle body, puryastaka
Sunya void; the state in which no object is experienced.
Sunya (Bauddha) A state in which there is no distinct consciousness of
knower, knowledge and known; an indefinable state of
Reality.
Sunya-pramata The experient who is identified with objectless
consciousness; pralayakala
Sunya (Saiva) A state in which no object is experienced.
Sunyata vacuity
Sunyatisunya absolute void
Suprabuddha One who has awakened to the transcendental state of
consciousness and in whom that consciousness is
constantly present.
Surya (symbolic) Prana, pramana (knowledge)Jnana-sakti
Surya nadi The Ida nadi carrying prana
sthApana installation
sushumnA central nADi very important in yoga
Susuptata or Delusive condition caused by primal ignorance.
sausuptam
Susupti Sound, dreamless sleep.
Susupti Very deep sleep in which there is complete absence of all
(apavedya) objective consciousness.
Susupti (savedya) Sound sleep in which there remains a slight trace of the
sense of pleasure, lightness etc.
Svacchanda The absolutely Free Being, Siva; Bhairava
Svacchandya Absolute Freedom of the Supreme
Svalaksana An object limited in its particular space and time.
Svasamvedana An intuitive apprehension of oneself without the aid of
internal and extenal sense.
Svapna Dream; dreaming condition; vikalpas or fancies limited to
particular individuals;
Svapna srsti The plane of existence in which the bhuvana, body and
objects are subtle like dream.
Svarupa one's own form; real nature; essence; essential nature
Svarupapatti Attaining one's essential nature or true Self.
Svasthiti or staying in one's essential state.
Svastha
Svatma one's own Self.
Svatantra The Absolute, of unimpedede Will
Svatantrya Absolute Freedom of Will; Vimarsa Sakti
Svatma-satkr To assimilate to oneself; to integrate to oneself
Sveccha Siva's or Sakti's own Will, synonymous with svatantrya
svAdhiShTAnam own base, second mystical circle (chakra)
Tamas One fo the constituents of Prakrti- the principle of inertia
and delusion.
Tantrika follower of Tantra; pertaining to Tantra.
Tanmatra Lit. that only; the primary elements of perception; the
general elements of the particulars of sense-perception,
viz. sabda, sparsa, rupa, rasa, gandha
Tantra A scripture in general; Science of the cosmic spiritual
forces, revealed work.
Tanuta becoming gradually less; reduction; a state of subtleness.
Tarka sastra Logic and dialectics
Tattva fact, philosophy ; Thatnesss; principle; reality; the very
being of a thing;
Tattva-traya The three tattvas, viz; Nara, Sakti and Siva or Atma, Vidya
and Siva
Tatpurusa One of the five aspects of Siva
thamiz One of the very old language spoken in the southern most
state of India, called Tamilnadu
thirumuRai The hymns composed by the famous thamiz shaivite
devotees during the first millenium. Highly adored text of
thamiz shaivites
tIrtha holy water
Tirodhana sakti Power that obscures Reality
Trika The system of philosophy of the tirad- Nara, Sakti and Siva
or (1) Para,, the highest, concerned with identity (2)
parapara, identity in difference, and (3) apara, difference
and sense of difference.
Trika (para) Prakasa, Vimarsa and their samarasya
Trika (parapara) Iccha, Jnana and Kriya
trimUrti The Hindu holy trinity - brahma, viShNu, rudra - involved
in creation, sustainance and destruction
trishUla trident
Turiya or Turya The fourth state of consciousness beyond the states of
waking, dreaming and deep sleep and stringing together all
the states; the Metaphysical Consciousness distinct from
the psychological or empirical self; the Saksi or witnessing
consciousness; the transcendental Self.
Turyatita The state of consciousness transcending the turiya, the
state in which the distinction of the three, viz; waking,
dreaming and deep sleep states is annulled; that pure
blissful consciousness in which there is no sense of
difference, in which the entire universe appears as the Self.
Uccara A particular technique of concentration on Pranasakti under
Anava upaya. Various aspects of ananda (bliss) are
experienced in this concentration.
Ucchalatta The creative movement of the Divine ananda in waves
bringing about manifestation and withdrawal
Udana The vital vayu that moves upwards. The Sakti that moves
up in Susumna at spiritual awakening.
Udaya Rise, appearance, creation
Udyama The sudden spontaneous emergence of the Supreme I-
consciousness.
Udyantrta -do-
Udyoga -do-
Udvamanti Lit. Opening of the eye; (1) The externalizing of Ichha
Sakti; the start of the world-process. (2) In Saiva-yoga-
unfolding of the spiritual consciousness which comes about
by concentrating on the inner consciousness which is the
back-ground of the rise of ideas. (3) Representing the
letter 'u'.
Uma The Iccha Sakti of the Supreme; U=Siva; ma=Sakti- the
Sakti of Siva.
Unmana The Supramental Sakti of Parama Siva in its primal
movement towards manifestation, though inseparable from
Him is known as unmana or unmani. Literally it means that
which transcends manas. This Sakti is amatra, measureless
and beyond time.
Ksemaraja in Udyota commentary on Necratantra says
about unmana mana utkramya gata
anavacchinnaprakasasphuratta. It is the Sakti that
transcends mind and is an uninterrupted Light.
Unmesa lit., opening of the eye-the start of the world process;
(1) From the point of view of svabhava or the essential
nature of the Divine, it means the emergence of the Divine
I-consciousness.
(2) From the point of view of manifestation, it means the
externalizing of Iccha sakti, the start of the world process.
(3) From the point of view of Saiva yoga, it means the
emergence of the spiritual consciousness which is the
background of the rise of ideas.
(4) Representing the letter 'u'.
Unmilana Unfolding; manifestation.
Unmilana samadhi that state of the mind in which, even when the eyes are
open, the external world appears as Universal
Consciousness or Siva.
Unata Representing the letter U
Upadana limiting adjunct or condition
Upadhi Limiting adjunct or condition
Upalabhdr The Experient, knower or subject
Upalabdhi Cognition, awareness
upachAra honour, courtesy
upadesha close advice, initiation
upaniShad philosophy of vedas, vedanta
upAsana service, attendance
Urdhva-Kundalini the risen up kundalini when the prana and apana enter the
Susumna
Urdhva marga Upward path; susumna
Usma The letters Sa, sa, sa, ha
Vacaka Word; indicator; mantra, varna and pada
Vacya Object, indicated; kala, tattva, bhuvana
Vaha Flow; channel; the prana flowing in the ida nadi on the left
and apana flowing in the pingala nadi on the right of
susumna are together known as vaha
Vahni a technical word of Saiva-Yoga, meaning 'entering
completely' into the root and half of the middle of adhah
kundalini (from the root Vah to carry)
Vaikhari Sakti as gross physical word.
Vaisamya difference, disquietude of duality.
Vaisnava the follower of Visnu; follower of Vaisnava philosophy.
Vama or The divine Sakti that emits (from vam to emit) or projects
Vamesvari the universe out of the Absolute and produces the reverse
(vama consciousness of difference (whereas there is non-
difference in the divine).
Vapus (bhairavasya) form; the nature of Bhairava, cosmic
essence.
Varga Classes of letters like kavarga, cavarga etc.
Varna (1) Letter (2) Object of concentration known as dhvani in
anavopaya; anahata nada (unstruck sound experienced in
susumna).
Vasana Residual traces of actions and impressions retained in the
mind; habit energy.
veda 1. knowledge
2. The sacrad book of vaidika dharma (Hinduism) from
which the name is arrived)
Vedaka Experient
Vedya Object
vedAnta conclusion of veda, upanishad
Vibhuti splendour; power
vidhAnam procedure
vidi order, system, fate
Vidya (1) Suddha vidya tattva; (2) Unmana sakti, Sahaja vidya
(3) Limited knowledge, a kancuka of Maya.
Vidyasarira Sabdarasi-the group of letters and words (sutra, Section
II)
Vigraha Individual form or shape; body.
Vigrahi The embodied
Vijnana consciousness; supreme consciousness
Vijnanamayakosa The sheath of intelligence
Vijnanakala The experient below Suddha Vidya but above Maya who
has pure awareness but no agency. He is free of karma
and maytya mala but not free of anava mala
vimAna aeroplane, superstructure over sanctum sanctorum
Vikalpa Difference of perception; distinction; option; an idea as
different from another idea; ideation; fancy; imagination,
thought-construct.
Vikalpa-Ksaya The dissolution of all vikalpas
Vikalpanam The differentiation-making activity of the mind;
Vikalpa(suddha) The fixed idea that I am Siva.
Vikasa Unfoldment; development
Vilapana dissolution; esoteric meaning-anugraha-grace.
Vilaya concealment
Vimarsa Self-consciousness or awarenes of Parama Siva full of
jnana and kriya which brings about the world-process.
Vimarsana intuitive awareness; esoteric meaning-samhara absorption.
Vinayakah Beings who create obstacles in spiritual progress by
offering temptations.
Virat Consciousness limited or conditioned by the upadhi of the
aggregate of gross bodies.
Viresa The lord or amster of the senses that are intent on
removing all sense of difference in as much as the lord of
the senses has now experienced the delight of the
transcendental consciousness. The senses are called vira,
because they are now saktis.
vIrashaivam The movement that strengthened the shaivite roots in the
masses of karnataka. Revolutionary in thrashing away
some of the old customs like caste etc.
Virya virility, vitality; mantra-virya the virility of mantra
Visa a technical word of Saiva Yoga, meaning 'entering into the
remaining half and wholly into the top of adhah-kundalini
right upto the position where urdhva-kundalini ends (from
the root vis, to pervade).
vishuddi fifth mystic chakra
viShNu The Lord of sustainance. Worshiped by vaiShNavam
Visarga Emanation; creation
Visargabhumi Two dots simultaneously, representing Sakti's external
manifestation of the universe and the internal assimilation
of the same into Siva
Visranti rest; peace.
Visva The universe; the all.
Visvamaya Visvatmaka: Immanent.
Visvatmaka immanent
Visvottirna Transcendent
Vitarka The thought that I am SIva, the Self of the universe
Vivarta (In Sankara Vedanta) Appearance of the Real as something
different.
Viveka Philisophical discrimination
Viyat space; sky
vrata penance
Vrtti mode, fluctuation
Vyamohitata delusion
Vyana the vital Vayu that is everywhere or the pervasive prana
Vyapini all-pervasive energy of pranava
Vyapta completely pervaded.
Vyapati pervasion; fusion in the whole, in Siva.
Vyapakatva All-pervasiveness
Vyamohitata Delusion
Vyoma sky; the infinite sky of consciousness; antar vyoma, the
space in the mystic centre.
Vyutthana Lit., rising, coming to normal consciousness after samadhi
or meditative absorption.
Yajur-Veda One of the four Vedas
yama personal discipline
Yoga (1) Acquisition of what is not yet acquired. (2)
Communion, Communion of the individual soul with the
Supreme; discipline leading to this communion (3) (In
Patanjali) Samadhi, cessation of mental fluctuations (yuji
samadhau).
Yogi One who is seeking to or has been able to unite with the
Universal consciousness.
Yogindra the great yogi who has attained the sambhava state.
Yogini the divine energy of Bhairava.
Yoginyah The saktis-Khecari, Gocari, Dikcari, Bhucari etc.
Yoni (1) womb, source. (2) The nine classes of consonants; in
the context of letters, sakti is yoni, and Siva is bija. (3)
The four saktis, viz., Amba, Jyestha, Raudri, Vama (4)
Maya-sakti
Yonivarga Maya and its progeny; mayiya mala
Yugapat simultanelusly

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