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Code: 9A04503

B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

ANTENNAS & WAVE PROPAGATION


(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Define the following terms with respect to antenna. (i) Isotropic radiator. (ii) Beam width. (iii) Gain. (iv) Effective aperture area. (b) The radiation resistance of an antenna is 72 and the loss resistance is 8 . What is its directivity if the power gain is 16? (a) Find the directivity of the half-wave dipole. (b) Derive the expression for radiation resistance of small loop antenna. (a) Find the directivity of the broad side array. (b) Compare and contrast linear and binomial arrays. (a) Explain about the construction and characteristics of helical antenna. (b) Discuss about the horn antenna types and its characteristics. (a) Explain about flare sheet, corner and parabolic reflectors. (b) Discuss about the construction of rectangular patch antenna. (a) Explain about zoned lens antennas. (b) Explain the gain measurement using absolute and comparison methods. (a) Explain the different modes of wave propagation. (b) Discuss the effect of curvature with relevant equations. (a) Derive the expression for MUF. (b) Explain the terms Virtual height and Skip distance. Max. Marks: 70

*****

Code: 9A04503

B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

ANTENNAS & WAVE PROPAGATION


(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Define the following terms with respect to antenna. (i) Directivity. (ii) Effective height. (iii) Radiation intensity. (iv) Effective aperture area. (b) What is the retarded potential? Derive expression for it. (a) Find the radiation resistance of dipole antenna. (b) Compare the fields of small loop and short dipole antennas. (a) Derive the expression for array factor for the broad side array. (b) Explain pattern multiplication with appropriate examples. (a) Explain the construction of Yagi-uda antenna and its characteristics. (b) What V-antenna? Explain its characteristics. (a) List and explain characteristics of the microstrip antennas. (b) Explain about different feed methods for an antenna. (a) Write short notes on non-metallic dielectric licenses. (b) Explain the directivity measurement technique. (a) Explain about scattering phenomenon and super refraction. (b) Explain the field strength variation with distance and height. (a) Explain the structure of ionosphere. (b) Derive the relation between MUF and skip distance. Max. Marks: 70

*****

Code: 9A04503

B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

ANTENNAS & WAVE PROPAGATION


(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Derive the expression for the current from the oscillating dipole. (b) Find the effective length and directivity of dipole. (a) Derive the expression for radiated power from manopole. (b) With the help of neat diagrams, explain linear wire antennas. (a) Compare and contrast broad side and end-fire arrays. (b) A uniform linear array consists of 64 isotropic antennas with spacing of (i) HPBW. (ii) Directivity. Assume require phase differences. Max. Marks: 70

. Find:

(a) Discuss about the helical antenna geometry and also different helix modes. (b) State and explain Fermats principle. (a) Explain about micro-strip antennas with neat diagrams. (b) Explain the functions of parabolic reflectors. (a) Explain the different tolerances in the lens antennas. (b) Explain any two techniques for antenna gain measurement. (a) Explain about ground wave propagation. (b) Write a short note on troposphere propagation. (a) Explain the reflection and refraction mechanisms in sky wave propagation. (b) Explain the terms: (i) Critical frequency. (ii) MUF. (iii) LUF.

*****

Code: 9A04503

B.Tech III Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

ANTENNAS & WAVE PROPAGATION


(Electronics & Communication Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) (b) (c) (d) 2 Explain the following terms with respect to antenna: Radiation intensity. Antenna temperature. Directivity. Retarded potential. Max. Marks: 70

(a) Compare the fields of small loop and short dipole. (b) Explain about linear wire antennas, with neat diagrams. (a) What is antenna array? Explain different array patterns. (b) A uniform linear array consists of 16 isotropic point source with a spacing of (i) HPBW. (ii) Directivity. (iii) Effective aperture. Assume require phase differences. (a) Discuss the design considerations of pyramidal horn antennas. (b) Explain the characteristics of folded dipoles. (a) Explain how different micro-strip antenna parameters affects the antenna characteristics. (b) Discuss the advantages and limitation of micro-strip antennas. (a) List and explain few applications lens antennas. (b) Explain the following antenna measurement techniques. (i) Directivity. (ii) Pattern measurement. (a) Discuss about duct propagation in detail. (b) Explain about plane earth reflection in ground wave propagations. (a) Explain the terms. (i) MUF. (ii) Ray path. (iii) Virtual height. (b) Explain about multi-hop propagation in detail. *****

. Find: