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Name
MOSOTOFA MONOAR
FARHAN-AL-FASANI
MD.MAHEDI HASSAN
AKHIA AFROJ
S.M. SABBIR RAHMAN

ID
093-12-0012
093-12-0031
093-12-0024
093-12-0020
093-12-0017

Section
8-A
8-A
8-A
8-A
8-A

Semester: 8th
Department: Business Administration
Faculty: Business
University: ASA University Bangladesh

Md. Soyeb Uddin Haider


Lecturer
Department of Applied Sociology
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
ASA University Bangladesh

August 16, 2011


This research report has been submitted for the partial fulfillment of the
requirements of the course no. GED 233 (Introduction to Social Science of 8 th
(6th) final examination in 2011

Thanks to Allah that I have been able to complete the research report Adjustment of
Petty Traders in Urban Informal Sector: A Case Study of Dhaka City .
We are grateful to Md. Soyeb Uddin Haider, Lecturer, Department of Applied Sociology,
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, ASAUB who guided me meticulously to complete this
research work.
Finally I thank my respondents of the study for their sincere co-operation without which it
was impossible to conduct this research work.

August 2011

Page No.
2
4

Acknowledgement
Executive Summary

Chapter One
Introduction
1.1 Proposition
1.2 Objectives of the Study
1.3 Significance of the Study
1.4 Methodology of the Study
1.5 Limitation of the Study

Chapter Two
Presentation and Analysis of Research Findings
2.1 Background Information
2.2 Migration
2.3 Introducing Respondents Business
2.4 Food
2.5 Clothing
2.6 Housing
2.7 Treatment
2.8 Recreation
2.9 Toilet Use
2.10 Return to the Village Home
2.11 Network of Relationship
2.12 Savings/Credit
2.13 Previous Work Experience
2.14 Assistance of Government/NGO
2.15 Occupational Change
2.16 Political Consciousness
2.17 Subjective Perception about Poverty
2.18 Involvement with Social/Business Organisation
2.19 Miscellaneous

Chapter Three
Conclusion

[Students of a group will complete this section by the summary of the findings of the study]

1. Proposition
[Please write this section by your own ideas/downloading from internet/from the books
of various writers]
2. Objective of the Study
The main objective of the study is to understand the trade and life style of petty traders
in urban informal sector in Dhaka city.
3. Significance of the Study
[Please write the importance to know the trade and life style of petty traders.]
4. Methodology of the Study
The present study has been conducted by survey method. Data has been collected by an
unstructured questionnaire. The present researchers interviewed all of the respondents of
the study. In this study we have used non-probability sampling procedure. Here, the
sample has been chosen purposively. For this research the sample size has been taken
............... Secondary data has been used to understand the study.
5. Limitation of the Study
There are many limitation of the study such like as we have no any transpiration
facility, enough money, time problem, no person are not agree to give interview because
there time problem e.tc are the main problem of this study.

2.1 Background Information


2.1.1 Age of the Respondents
Table 1: Age of the Respondents
Age (Year)
No. of the Respondents
10 19
20 29
30 39
40 49
50 59
60 69
Above 70
Total

Percentage

100

Source: Fieldwork 2011.

2.1.2 Sex of the Respondents


Table 2. Sex of the Respondents
Sex
No. of the Respondents
Male
Female
Total

Source: Fieldwork 2011.

2.1.3 Marital Status of the Respondents


Table 3. Marital Status of the Respondents
6

Percentage
100

Marital Status
Married
Unmarried
Divorced
Widowed
Separated
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2005

No. of the Respondents

Percentage

100.0

2.1.4 Respondents Family Size


Table 4. Family Size of the Respondents
Size of the Family
No. of the Respondents
1-3
4-6
7-9
10 and above
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2005

Percentage

100.0

2.1.5 Religion of the Respondents


Table 5. Religion of the Respondents
Religion
No. of the Respondents
Islam
Hindu
Christian
Others
Total

Percentage

100

Source: Fieldwork 2011.

2.1.6 Practice of Religion by the Respondents


Table 6. Practice of Religion by the Respondents
Response
No. of Respondents
Yes
7

Percentage

No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.0

2.1.7 Education of the Respondents


Table 7. Education of the Respondents
Level of Education
No. of the Respondents
Illiterate
Primary
Secondary
Higher Secondary
Degree
Masters
Total

Source: Fieldwork 2011.

Percentage

100

2.1.8 Nature of the Place of Business


Table 8. Nature of the Place of Business
Nature of the Place
No. of the Respondents
Roadside with Shade
Roadside Open Place
Corridor of a Shop
Mobile (on Move)
Others
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011.

Percentage

100

2.1.9 Nature of the Goods of Business


Table 9. Nature of the Goods of Business
Nature of the Goods
No. of the Respondents

Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011.

Percentage

100

2.1.10 Place of the Interview


Table 10. Place of the Interview
Place of the Interview
No. of the Respondents

Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011.

Percentage

100

2.2 Migration
2.2.1 District of the Respondents
Table 11. District of the Respondents
District
No. of the Respondents

Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011.

Percentage

100

2.2.2 Duration of Residing in Dhaka City


Table 12. Duration of Residing in Dhaka City
Duration (Year)
No. of the Respondents
<1
1-2
3-4
5-6
7-8
9-10
11-12
13+
Not applicable
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.2.3 Through Whom the Respondents Migration


.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.2.4 Reasons for the Respondents Migration


.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

10

2.3 Introducing Respondents Trading


2.3.1 Duration of the Involvement in Trading (Day)
Table 13. Duration of the Involvement in Trading
Duration (Day)
No. of the Respondents
3-4
5-6
7-8
9-10
11-12
13+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.3.2 Whether Respondents Involve in Trading everyday in a Week


Table 14. Respondents Involvement in Trading Everyday in a Week
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.0

2.3.2.1 Weekly vacation of the Respondents (Applicable to those Respondents


who answered No)
Average Weekly vacation of the Respondents
..................................................................................................
* Average indicates the response of most of the respondents
2.3.3 Duration of the Involvement in Trading (Year)
Table 15. Duration of the Involvement in Trading
Duration (Year)
No. of the Respondents
<1
1-2
3-4
5-6
7-8
9-10
11-12
13+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

11

Percentage

100.00

2.3.4 Respondents Nature of Involvement with Trading


Table 16. Respondents Nature of Involvement with Trading
Response
No. of the Respondents
Self/Family Business
Salaried/Employee
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.00

2.3.4.1.1 Average Daily Profit of the Respondents (In Case of Self/Family Business)
Table 17. Average Daily Profit of the Respondents
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-500
501-1000
1001-1500
1501-2000
2001-2500
2501-3000
3001+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.3.4.1.2 Average Monthly Investment of the Respondents


Table 18. Average Monthly Investment of the Respondents
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
3000-5000
5001-10000
10001-15000
15001-20000
20001-25000
25001-30000
30000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.3.4.1.3 Average Daily Expenditure of the Respondents


Table 19. Average Daily Expenditure of the Respondents
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-100
101-200
201-300
301-400
401-500
501-600
601-700
701-800
900+
12

Percentage

Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.00

2.3.4.2.1 Respondents Monthly Salary (Respondents who are salaried/employee


in trading)
Table 20. Respondents Monthly Salary
Monthly Salary (In Taka)
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage

100.00

2.3.4.2.2 Respondents Monthly Expenditure


Table 21. Respondents Monthly Expenditure
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.3.5. Respondents Arrangement of Transport to Bring the Goods


Table 22. Respondents Arrangement of Transport to Bring the Goods
Arrangement
No. of the Respondents
Own
Fare
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent

2.3.6 Respondents Expenditure for the Arrangement of Transport to Bring the


Goods
Table 23. Respondents Expenditure for the Arrangement of Transport to Bring the Goods
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
Percentage
<20
20 - 60
61-100
101-140
141-180
13

181-220
221-260
261-300
301-340
341-380
381-420
421-460
461-500
500+
Total

100.00

2.3.7. Place of keeping the goods at night


.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.3.8. Respondents Response about the attack of theft/hijacking


Table 24. Respondents Response about the attack of theft/hijacking
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.00

2.3.9. Respondents Financial Loss for the attack of theft/hijacking


Table 25. Respondents Financial Loss for the attack of theft/hijacking
Profit (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-1000
1001-2000
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.3.10. Place of Purchasing the Goods


.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

14

2.3.11. Respondents Response about the Class of the Consumers


Table 26. Respondents Response about the Class of the Consumers
Response
No. of the Respondents
Per cent
Poor
Middle
Higher
Total
100.0
Source: Fieldwork 2011
2.3.12. Problems of Petty Trading in Dhaka City

.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap
2.3.13. Steps to be Taken for Overcoming the Problems of Petty Trading

.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.4 Food
2.4.1 Address of Eating Meal
Table 27. Address of Eating Meal
Address
House of House Master
Own House
Others
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

No. of the Respondents

100.00

2.4.2 Daily Average Scope of Taking Meal (Before Ramadan)


Table 28. Respondents Daily Average Scope of Taking Meal (Before Ramadan)
Average Scope
No. of the Respondents
Per cent
1
2
3
Total
100.00
Source: Fieldwork 2011

2.4.3 Respondents Satisfaction in Respect of their Meal


Table 29. Respondents Satisfaction in Respect of their Meal
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

15

Per cent
100.00

2.4.3.1 Respondents Reasons of Dissatisfaction in Respect of their Meal


..........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.4.4 Whether Respondents Go to the Restaurants of Costly Food Items


Table 30. Respondents Response in Respect of Going to the Restaurants of Costly Food
Items
Response
No. of the Respondents
Per cent
Yes
No
Total
100.00
Source: Fieldwork 2011

2.4.4.1 Respondents Reasons for not Going to the Restaurants of Costly


Food Items
..........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.4.5. Respondents Monthly Expenditure on Food Items


Table 31. Respondents Monthly Expenditure on Food Items
Monthly Expenditure (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-1000
1001-2000
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.5 Clothing
2.5.1 Respondents Yearly Expenditure on Clothing
Table 32. Respondents Monthly Expenditure on Clothing
Yearly Expenditure (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-1000
1001-2000
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
16

Percentage

6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.00

2.5.2 Whether Respondents Buy from the Costly Shopping Centers


Table 33. Respondents Response in Respect of Buying from the Costly Shopping Centers
Response
No. of the Respondents
Per cent
Yes
No
Total
100.00
Source: Fieldwork 2011

2.5.2.1 Reasons for not Buying from the Costly Shopping Centers
..........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.6 Housing
2.6.1 Respondents Locality/Neighbourhood in Dhaka City
Table 14. Respondents Locality/Neighbourhood in Dhaka City

.......................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.6.2 Respondents Nature of Residence in Dhaka City


Table 34. Respondents Nature of Residence in Dhaka City
Nature of Residence
No. of the Respondents
Fare
Own House
Footpath
Relatives/Friends House without Fare
Others
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent

100.00

2.6.2.1 Respondents Monthly Fare on Housing


Table 35. Respondents Monthly Fare on Housing
Monthly Fare (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1001-2000
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
17

Percentage

7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.00

2.7 Treatment
2.7.1 Nature of Treatment Facilities
Table 36. Nature of Treatment Facilities
Nature
No. of the Respondents
Alopathic
Homeopathic
Kobiraji
Ayurbedic
No Treatment
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent

100.0

2.7.1.1 Source of Treatment Facilities


Table 37. Source of Treatment Facilities
Nature
No. of the Respondents
Government Hospital
Non-Government Hospital
Pharmacy
Others
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent

100.0

2.7.2 Respondents Expenditure on Treatment in the Last One Year


Table 38. Respondents Monthly Expenditure on Treatment
Yearly Expenditure (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-1000
1001-2000
2001-3000
3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9001-10000
10001-11000
11001-12000
12000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

18

Percentage

100.00

2.8 Recreation
2.8.1 Possessing a TV
Table 39. Possessing a TV
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Per cent
100.0

2.8.1.1 Duration of Watching TV


Table 40. Duration of Watching TV
Duration (Hour)
<1
1-2
3-4
5-6
7-8
8+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage

100.00

2.8.2 Watching Cinema in the Cinema Hall


Table 41. Watching Cinema in the Cinema Hall
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.0

2.8.2.1 Number of Times (Yearly) to Watch Cinema in the Cinema Hall


Table 42. Number of Times (Yearly) to Watch Cinema in the Cinema Hall
Number of Times (Yearly)
No. of the Respondents
13
46
79
10 12
13+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

19

Percentage

100.00

2.8.3 Visit to the Recreational Spots


Table 43. Visit to the Recreational Spots
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.0

2.8.3.1 Number of Times (Yearly) to Visit Recreational Spots


Table 44. Number of Days (Yearly) to Visit Recreational Spots
Number of Times (Yearly)
No. of the Respondents
13
46
79
10 12
13+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.9 Toilet Use


2.9.1 Whether Respondents Face Problems to Use Toilet
Table 45. Problems to Use Toilet
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.0

2.9.1.1 Reasons for Facing Problems to Use Toilet


..........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.9.1.2 Reasons for Not Facing Problems to Use Toilet


..........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

20

2.10 Return to the Village Home


2.10.1 Propensity to Go Back to the Area of Origin
Table 46. Propensity to Go Back to the Area of Origin
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.00

2.10.1.1 Causes to Go Back to the Area of Origin


...............................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.10.1.2 Causes for Not Going Back to the Area of Origin


................................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.11 Network of Relationship


2.11.1Whether Respondents Family Members Live in Dhaka
Table 47. Living in Dhaka City of the Respondents Family Members
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total

Per cent
100.00

2.11.1.1 Respondents Visit to the Village Home


Table 48. Respondents Visit to the Village Home
Number of Times (Yearly)
No. of the Respondents
1-3
4-6
7-9
10-12
13-15
15+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage

100.00

2.11.1.2 Respondents Monthly Expenditure for Family Members


Table 49. Respondents Monthly Expenditure for Family Members
Monthly Expenditure (In Taka)
No. of the Respondents
1-1000
1001-2000
2001-3000
21

Percentage

3001-4000
4001-5000
5001-6000
6001-7000
7001-8000
9000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.00

2.11.2Whether Respondents Communicate with Relatives


Table 50. Respondents Communication with Relatives
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.00

2.11.2.1 Ways of Communication


..............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.11.2.1 Reasons for the absence of Communication


..............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.11.3 Whether Respondents Communicate with Friends


Table 51. Respondents Communication with Friends
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Per cent
100.00

2.11.3.1 Ways of Communication


..............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.11.3.2 Reasons for the absence of Communication


..............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

22

2.12 Savings/Credit
2.12.1 Savings from Monthly Income
Table 52. Savings from Monthly Income
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Per cent
100.00

2.12.1.1 Amount of Savings


Table 53. Amount of Savings
Amount
01 - 500
501 1000
1000+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Per cent

100.00

2.12.1.2 Ways of Depositing the Savings


........................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.12.2 Credit of the Respondents


Table 54. Credit of the Respondents
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Per cent
100.00

2.12.2.1 From Whom


..............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.12.2.2 Amount of Money


...............................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.12.2.3 Time Taken to Repay


Table 55. Time Taken to Repay
Time (Monthly)
13
46
79

No. of the Respondents

23

Percentage

10 12
13+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

100.00

2.12.2.4 Interest of Credit


Table 56. Interest of Credit
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage
100.00

2.12.2.4.1 Rate of Interest


Table 57. Rate of Interest
Rate (%)
1-10
11 -20
20+
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage

100.00

2.13 Previous Work Experience


2.13.1 Previous Work Experience
Table 58. Previous Work Experience
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage
100.00

2.13.2 Description of Previous Work Experience, Important Lessons and


Reasons to Leave the Job
Average Place of Previous Work Experience:
Average Important Lessons:
Average Reasons to Leave the Job:
* Average indicates the response of most of the respondents

24

2.14 Assistance of Government/NGO


2.14.1 Assistance of Government/NGO
Table 59. Assistance of Government/NGO
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage
100.00

2.14.2 Nature of Assistance


2.14.2.1 Government Assistance
...................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.14.2.2 NGO Assistance


....................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.15 Occupational Change


2.15.1 Plan to Leave the Work as Petty Traders in Urban Informal Sector
Table 60. Plan to Leave the Work as Petty Traders in Urban Informal Sector
Response
No. of the Respondents
Percentage
Yes
No
Total
100.00
Source: Fieldwork 2011

2.15.1.1 Reasons for Leaving the Work as Petty Traders in Urban Informal
Sector
......................................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.15.1.2 Reasons for Not Leaving the Work as Petty Traders in Urban Informal
Sector
......................................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

25

2.15.2. Respondents Trial to be Involved in Urban Formal Sector


Table 61. Respondents Trial to be Involved in Urban Formal Sector
Response
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

Percentage
100.00

2.15.2.1 Reasons for Trial to be Involved in Urban Formal Sector


......................................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.15.2.1 Reasons for Not Trial to be Involved in Urban Formal Sector


......................................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.16 Political Consciousness


2.16.1 Voting in the Election of 2008
Table 62. Voting in the Election of 2008
Response
Yes
No
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

No. of the Respondents

Percentage
100.00

2.16.2 Opinion about the Politics of Bangladesh


Average Opinion about the Politics of Bangladesh:
..................................................................................................
* Average indicates the response of most of the respondents
2.17 Subjective Perception about Poverty
2.17.1 Whether Respondents Think Themselves Poor
Table 63. Respondents Think Themselves Poor
Response
No. of the Respondents
Think
Do not think
Total
Source: Fieldwork 2011

26

Percentage
100.00

2.17.1.1 Causes of Thinking Own as Poor


..............................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.17.1.2 Causes of Not Thinking Own as Poor


...............................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.18 Involvement with Social/Business Organisations


2.18.1 Involvement with Social/Business Organisations
Table 64. Involvement with Social/Business Organisations
Involvement
No. of the Respondents
Yes
No
Total

Percentage
100.00

2.18.1.1 Causes of Involvement with Social/Business Organisations


..............................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.18.1.2 Causes of Not Involving with Social/Business Organisation


...............................................................................................
*Common and Uncommon Responses of the Respondents will be Combined in the Gap

2.19 Miscellaneous
2.19.1 Future Plans
Average Future Plans
...................................................................................................
* Average indicates the response of most of the respondents

27

[Your Opinion in Brief in the light of the experience of your study findings]

28